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Rail Operating Unions
See Fresh Hope for Settling Pay Dispute Ey the Associated Press. Three railroad operating un ions, still holding aloof from arbitration, had assurances to day that the carriers do not con sider basic wages frozen for the duration of the war by President Roosevelt’s decision governing two other brotherhoods. That development, plus the ap pointment of a special presidential board to consider the nonoperating case, revived hopes of an early set tlement which would permit an end to Army control of the Nation’s railroads. The carriers’ position in the con troversy was to be presented today to committees and general chairmen summoned to Washington by chiefs of the three operating unions—con ductors, firemen and switchmen—to determine a course of action. Fearful of “Freeze.” These three groups have expressed apprehension of a "freeze” even if the Government’s general wage policy should be changed, and this fear has deterred them from ac cepting arbitration or the terms of the President's arbitration award to the trainmen and the engineers. The carriers have urged that the award be applied to all five groups— 5 cents more an hour for, or in lieu of, overtime and away-from-home expenses, and a week’s paid vacation. The 5-cent increase and the vaca tion are frozen for the duration by the terms of the award, but the car riers do not consider that this freeze applies to basic wages. This con firms similar assurance given by War Mobilization Director Byrnes. The practical effect is a basic 5 cent raise, applied horizontally just like the 4 cents awarded earlier by an emergency board, with no changes in existing overtime rules and practices. Win New Point. The nonoperating employes ap parently won a new point in their campaign for more pay by the Pres ident’s appointment of the Emer gency Board in language that seemed to limit the issue to that of overtime. The unions had contended that only this issue should be open to discussion; they had balked at re opening a wage increase previously recommended for them. The statement mentioned “unset tled claims for wage adjustments of the nonoperating employes which were not presented” at the time the board made a previous report recommending sliding-scale in creases in regular time pay ranging from 4 to 10 cents an hour. Spokesmen of the unions said that language seemed to limit the board to consideration of overtime pay claims but they said the actual presidential order resubmitting the case was less specific. Statement Reviews Negotiations. The statement recited the history of the negotiations, in which the 15 unions at first refused the reg ular time increase, then accepted it at the time a year-end strike was called off and at the salfie time presented the new claim for over time compensation. It mentioned that the carriers and the non-operating employes had not been able to agree "with respect to such additional claims," and at another point said the spe cial panel was recalled to consider “the unsettled claims for wage ad justments.” The question in the minds of worker spokesmen was whether that language went as far as the White House statement in limiting the Issue. In calling off their strike, the unions offered to submit the over time issue—and only that issue— to arbitration by Mr. Roosevelt. The railroads, however, though they had accepted the regular time pay order, contended that the whole issue should go to arbitration, including the regular time rates. In view of that disagreement, the case never reached the point of presidential determination. ICC Against Drafting R. R. Men. The new move toward settlement of the wage dispute of the biggest segment of railroad workers came while a member of the Interstate Commerce Commission was protest ing at the Capitol against drafting railroad men. J. Monroe Johnson told the Sen ate Interstate Commerce Commit tee the armed forces ought to re store to the industry "every man the’ve got now to avert a trans portation calamity.” When Senator Reed, Republican, of Kansas brought up the recent threat of a railroad strike, saying a walkout would be “damned near treason,” Mr. Johnson replied: "It would be worse than treason, if anything could be worse than treason.” Senator Reed taid the subcommit tee investigating railroad equipment shortages had broadened its inquiry to include the ICC complaints that the continued drafting of railroad workers imperils the operation of the carriers. Manpower Shortage Cited. Mr. Johnson said there is a short age of manpower now of between 150.000 and 250,000 workers that could prove dangerous to the war effort. Asserting the peak movement still lay ahead, he added, however, “I know that the peak actually al ready has been reached unless man power is supplied to handle the additional volume.” Mr. Reed said that as soon as testimony by Mr. Johnson and pre vious witnesses has been printed the subcommittee will call in offi cials of the Office of Defense Trans portation, the ICC, the Selective Service System and possibly the War Manpower Commission for a conference to determine what steps should be taken. Hall Directs Simpson Senate Campaign Ey the Associated Press. DOTHAN, Ala., Jan. 6.—State Senator James A. Simpson's cam paign for the Senate seat now held by Lister Hill is to be managed by Harry Hall, business manager of the Dothan Eagle. Mr. Hall, a nephew of the late Grover C. Hall, editor of the Mont gomery Advertiser, announced ac ceptance of the Simpson campaign directorship yesterday. Senator Hill, the Democratic whip, said in Mobile he planned to declare for re-election within the text several weeks. May 2 is election day. Mysterious Call Clouds Fate Of Girl's Fiance on Destroyer Family Refuses To View Message As Cruel Hoax The fate of Lt. (j. g.) A. B. Hansen of Fargo, N. Dak., reported missing from the destroyer Leary, sunk by enemy action in the Atlantic on Christmas eve, remains unknown today, though his fiancee, Miss Ruth Benner Hall, received a mysterious telephone call last night assuring her that he had been saved. Miss Hall is the only daughter of the director of the Bureau of En graving and Printing and Mrs. Alvin W. Hall, 1319 Kalmia road N.W. First news of Lt. Hansen being “lost” on the Leary reached the Hall family through a Navy telegram to his father, H. Folmer Hansen, at Fargo. The statement that he was “missing’*'still stands officially to day. it appeared in print for the first time in yesterday’s Star. The Hall family does not regard the mysterious call as a “joke” or a "hoax.” Mr. Hall declared, "I don’t believe anybody would do a thing like that.” Meanwhile, a number of different lines of inquiry were established by Mr. Hall and friends of the family. It was learned that at least three officers had survived the sinking of the destroyer. They are Lt. R. B. Watson of Boston, Ensign L. Siegel of Arveme, N. Y„ and Ensign H. G. Aachte. Efforts to communicate with these men were being made throughout the evening. Then came a call from a woman who said: “This is the Navy Department. Is Miss Ruth Hall there? I have a personal message for her.” Mr. Hall, answering the phone, explained that his daughter was ill, but the woman insisted, “I have a telegram from the Navy for her personally.” me message miss Han Heard when she took the receiver was: "Lt. Hansen has been saved.” She collapsed. Her mother, how ever, caught the receiver in time to hear the message read again: "Lt. Hansen has been saved.” Miss Hall in her excitement thought the mj»;terious caller gave the name Miss or Mrs. Wain wright. The voice was calm, refined and polite. Mr. Hall noticed that there was a “background of sound" on the wire, as though the speaker were talking from an office where a number of people were working and talking. Confirmation Lacking. Inquiry at the press bureau and the casualties office of the Navy Department both last night and today failed to develop any con firmation of the woman’s statement. LT. (J. G.) A. B. HANSEN. MISS RUTH BENNER HALL. —Harris-Ewing Photo' Local telegraph offices also were questioned without result. Lt. Hansen and Miss Hall were to have been married this week. Their engagement was announced October 26, and one room of the Hall residence is filled with wed ding presents from relatives and friends who had expected to attend the ceremony. The missing officer's mother had come to Washington for the occa sion and is a guest of Mr. and Mrs. Hall. Prayers of intercession for Lt. Hansen’s rescue will be said at all services at Washington Cathedral today, it was announced last night. Olds Says High Court Paves Way for Large Cuts in Electric Rates Chairman Leland Olds of tfce Fed eral Power Commission says a Su preme Court decision this week on natural gas rates “marks the be ginning of a new era” in the field of regulating utilities and paves the way for “very large possible reduc tions” in electric rates. In an interview yesterday Mr. Olds also called attention to what he de scribed as a strong “progressive” movement within the power indus try to reduce rates voluntarily in order to increase consumption. The Supreme Court Monday, in upholding a reduction which the FPC had ordered in the rates of the Hope Natural Gas Co., ruled that the courts have no power to nullify a rate order unless its “total effect” is “unjust and unreasonable,” Methods used by a regulatory group in calculating fair rates were held to be not a proper subject for ju dicial inquiry. Early Theory Upheld. Mr. Olds said the decision gives “complete judicial approval” to the "prudent investment” theory of rate-making, in use by the com mission since 1935, and clears the way for its wide application. He said the “fair value” theory, recognized by the Supreme Court nearly 50 years ago, now has been “quietly laid to rest.” Not only the FPC but also State Utility Commissions are freed to go ahead under the new principle, Mr. Olds declared. The “fair value” doctrine is that rates shall be computed on the basis of the “reproduction cost” of the company’s facilities (that is, how much it would cost to buy and place in service the facilities at the pres ent time), plus such factors as the earning power or prestige the com pany has built up. The “prudent investment” doc trine is that rates shall be computed on the basis of the actual original cost of the facilities, plus any addi tions or betterments, minus depre ciation, and plus an allowance for working capital. “Fair Value ’ Rule Scouted. Justice Douglas in his majority opinion Monday said, "the heart of the matter is that rates cannot be made to depend upon ’fair value' when the value of the going enter prise depends on earnings under whatever rates may be anticipated.’1 The FPC has authority to regu late rates when the electrictiy or natural gas crosses State lines and is sold wholesale to be sold again. Mr. Olds said the commission to date had caused reductions in nat ural gas rates of about $35,000,000 a year, but that its electric rate re ductions have been much less be cause most producers of electric energy do not sell to wholesalers but deliver directly to ultimate con sumers, and therefore art largely under regulation of State commis sions. Mr. Olds said the court’s decision will affect those State groups and that it "reaches into every field of utlity regulation.” Nurses Will Meet Jan. 13 The meeting of the Council ol Catholic Professional Nurses ol Washington will be held at Carroll Hall, 924 G street N.W., at 8 pm. January 13 instead of tonight, as erroneuously announced in The Stat yesterday. Father Ignatius Smith O. P., of Catholic University will speak. Political Parties Cost Protest of an employe of San Juan Province, Argentina, haa in spired an investigation of charges that deductions were made from salaries of the administration staff for political parties. Animals in Berlin Zoo Sent to Barcelona By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 6.—The German controlled Vichy radio today said all the animals remaining in the once famous Berlin Zoo had been removed after the last heavy raid on the German capital the night or Jan uary 2. Most of the animals were sent to Barcelona, the broadcast said. Previous reports from Berlin through neutral sources said many of the animals had escaped from the zoo during the heavy bombing and that they had been hunted down by soldiers armed with tommy guns. Muellers Hear Son, Thought Lost, Is Safe A household of despair was turned suddenly into one of happy celebra tion last night when the War De partment reported that Lt. Edward T. Mueller, 23, of 3607 Tildren street, Brentwood, Md., previously listed as missing in action over Germany since December 22, was safe. Friends who came to express their sympathy to Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Mueller after reading in yesterday's Star of their bad news were still there when the call came at 10:30 p.m. “I don’t know why, but the War Department insisted upon talking to Mr. Mueller, who was in bed—he works a night shift,” Mrs. Mueller said. “I was on pins and needles until he reached the telephone, and then I had to listen on the down stairs extension.” Mr. Mueller came downstairs then, and there was coffee and fruit cake for everybody. They were all “sort of crying for joy,” Mrs. Mueller said. Lt. Mueller, a B-17 Flying Fort ress pilot, failed to return from a mission on December 22. Further details concerning his being found were promised by the War Depart ment later. Another son, Corpl. Melvin Muel ler, 28, is serving with the Infantry in the South Pacific. Scalded Child, 2, Dies; Tipped Pot Off Stove Two-year-old Joyce Frazier, col ored, of 1421 Ninth street N.W., died in Children’s Hospital today after being scalded yesterday when she pulled a pot of beef stew off a stove at her home. She was taken to the hospital by her mother, Mrs. Dolly Porter. Lt. Jensen, 'One-Man Air Blitz,' Given Two High Navy Awards (The following story was writ ten by Sergt. Dan Bailey, Atlanta, Ga„ a Marine Corps combat cor respondent.) SOMEWHERE IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC (Delayed).—For destroy ing 24 enemy planes in a one-man strafing attack on the biggest Jap anese airfields in the Solomons, Marine Second Lt. Alvin J. Jen sen, 29, son of Mrs. Catherine Jensen, 1236 Eleventh street N.W., Washing ton, has been awarded the Navy Cross. Simultaneous ly, Lt. Jensen was given the Aid Medal for “meritorious a c h i evements” Lt. in previous aerial combat. His solo assault against the Jap anese field took place on August 26, when he was separated from his wlngmen and came out of a vicious tropical storm upside down over Kahili Field on Bougainville Island. only Jensen Got Through. Lt. Jensen was part of a flight of Marine fighter pilots ordered to strafe Kahili Field. The planes took off in a driving rain while Jap bombs were dropping on their home airfield. Because of the storm they encountered on the way to their objective, all but the Wash ington marine were thrown off their course or forced to turn back. He was the only airman who arrived over the Jap field in a position to complete his mission. Lt. Jensen admits that he hardly knew what w<as happening until it was too late to do anything but attempt a solo strafing run. As he came out of the storm front upside down he flipped his plane over and circled widely toward the north end of the Jap field. "I looked around for the rest of my flight, but couldn’t see them,” he said. “So I decided the only thing to do was to take a swing at the job myself.” Swept Entire Field. Starting in over the north end of Kahili Field, Lt. Jensen swept down the entire length of the mile-long strip, weaving his plane back and forth while his guns sprayed Jap ground crews and destroyed 12 Mitsubishi bombers, 8 Zeros and 4 dive bombers. At one point during his strafing sweep his plane was only 3 feet off the ground. “It took about 10 seconds,” he said, “and the Japs never knew what hit them until I was halfway down the field. By the time I reached the end of their field, the party got rough and I hi-tailed it for home, low and fast.” Photographs later showed that ex plosions from the burning planes had strewn debris from one end of the field to the other. Citation Quoted. Lt. Jensen's- citation, "which was received with the Navy Cross, read: “For extraordinary heroism and distinguished service * • • he con tinued on alone to attack the air field. He dived through enemy antiaircraft. fire, strafing and ex ploding a group of 12 enemy bomb ers, four dive bombers and eight Zeros, leaving them burning on the field. His courageous conduct in pressing home this devastating at tack against great odds was in keep ing with the highest tradition of the United States naval service.” Lt. Jensen received the second award, the Air Medal, for "meritori ous achievements” as a marine en listed pilot prior to his commission ing May 21, 1943. It covered his activities for his second tour of com bat duty. Downed Two Planes. This citation read, in part: "Tech. Sergt. Jensen was flying with a formation of four fighters which contacted a large group of enemy Zeros. In spite of the nu merical superiority of the enemy, his flight unhesitatingly attacked with such skill and precision that five enemy planes were sent crashing into the sea, two of which he per sonally accounted for * • Nearing the end of his third com bat tour, Lt. Jensen is now credited with six enemy planes downed in combat. Lt. Jensen telephoned his mother New Year Day that he had arrived on the Coast and would be home soon. Mrs. Jensen, resident man ager of the Plymouth Apartments at the Eleventh street address, is ex pecting him at any moment. Lt. Jensen expects to be married while on furlough, his first on the mainland in more than 16 months, to Miss Elaine Inscho of Miami, Fla. He attended Washington and Lee High School. Arlington, Va„ and was graduated from Woodrow Wilson High School. He then was employed in the Government Printing Office After enlisting in the Marine Corps Reserve in 1940, he was called to active duty when the war broke out. He received his wings at Miami on completing his air training, and went overseas in September, 1942, P®Es®®Hraisis®araiaia!ai5!iara®aiai^ I TROUSERS I I To Match fi J a; I I Odd Coatt "P I | EISEMAN’S—F at 7th 1 Randolph to Press For House Action on Boundary Measure A new effort to obtain House ap proval of the bill to settle the cen tury old boundary dispute between the District and Virginia, by fixing the line generally at the present high-water mark on the Virginia shore, is planned by Chairman Ran dolph of the House District Com mittee. Arguments in favor of the bill, which would leave the Washington National Airport and other Feder ally-titled properties within Vir ginia, now are buttressed by de clarations from Federal and District officials that Washington has not attempted to collect tax revenues from the "no man’s land” area and that if such revenues could be cal culated the amounts would be "neg ligible.” When Mr. Randolph called up the bill shortly before the Christmas re cess, objections were raised by Rep resentative Stefan, Republican, of Nebraska, and Case, Republican, of South Dakota, that there were reve nue questions involved, among oth ers, and the bill was withdrawn for further consideration. Biddle Outlines Case. Responding to a letter from Mr. Randolph, Attorney General Biddle has given assuranoe that enactment of a bill would have no effect on Dis trict revenues. Already on record urging approval of the bill as a means of ending serious questions as to criminal procedures in the dis puted area, Mr. Biddle said: "The exact area which would be ceded to the State of Virginia under the bill is uncertain because the mean high-water mark as it existed January 24, 1791, the present boun dary line, has never been determined to the satisfaction of the State of Virginia or the United States. "However, it is understood that be cause of the uncertainty with re spect to this line the District of Co lumbia has not at any time attempt ed to tax any property beyond the actual high-water mark on the Vir ginia shore. For this reason, the enactment of the present bill would not have any effect upon the present tax revenues from the District of Columbia. V. S. Owns Great Part of Land. "It may also be pointed out that while the extent of privately-owned lands between the present mean high-water mark on the Virginia shore and the 1791 line is uncertain a considerable part of the area is now owned by the United States.” Mr. Randolph also has included in a printed document 'outlining the history and hearings in the case let ters recently received from Tax As sessor Edward A. Dent, Corporation Counsel Richmond B. Keech and Thomas S. Settle, secretary of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission. Both Mr. Dent and Mr. Keech asserted that District tax revenues which might be obtained from the disputed area would be negligible in relation to the costs of police and fire protection ancf other services the District would have to render to the area. Further, they emphasize that the old boundary would be Impossible to establish ex cept by "guesswork.” Mr. Settle warned that a move to transfer the airport area to the jurisdiction of the District would IciU' the bill and leave the present diffl-! cult law enforcement condition1 which has brought protests from the' Justice Department. $5,300,000,000 Saving j Credited to Renegotiation Renegotiation of war contracts already has saved the Government $5,300,000,000, minority members of the Senate Finance Committee ar gued yesterday as they continued to lay plans to oppose in the Senate next week the Finance Committee’s proposed revision of the law. Of this total, $2,500,000,000 is in cash procurement agencies are re covering, and the balance is in price reductions on future deliveries. The Finance Committee is recommend- j ing as part of the new tax bill that the scope of renegotiation be nar rowed. Correction Thieves who entered several boats anchored at yacht club wharves Tuesday night and stole jewelry and other articles valued at more than $400, ransacked a boat belonging to Karl Corby, a member of the con struction firm of Camalier & Corby, who is now in the Army. In The Star yesterday Mr. Corby errone ously was reported as being a mem ber of the firm of Camalier & Buckley. Alexandria Party Will Go To Cleveland for Launching Mayor William T. Wilkina will head an Alexandria delegation which will go to Cleveland January 15 for the launching of the U. S. 8. Alexan d r i a at the A m e r i can Shipbuilding Co. Mrs. John L. Hall, jr„ of Hunting Terrace Apartments has been invited to sponsor the ship by Secretary of the Navy Knox. Mr. Wilkins said that the delegation will include Vice Mayor Eugene Simpson, Coun cil m e n Charles Mr*. h»ii. Burgess, Paul Delaney and John Ewald and City Manager Carl Bed wesky. Mrs. Hall has named Mrs. Charles H. Pozer of Fairfax Courthouse as her attendant. The escort vessel Alexandria will be the second American ship to bear the name of the city, according to the Navy Department. The first vessel was a side-wheel steamer of wood construction that was captured at Yazoo City, Miss., on July 13, 1863. Her original name was St. Mary, and she was com missioned Alexandria at Cairo, 111., in December, 1863, and was on ac tive patrol and dispatch duty in the Mississippi squadron during her en tire commission. She was placed out of commission at Cairo on Au gust 7, 1865, and sold at auction at Mound City, 111., on August 17, 1865. Mayor Wilkins was asked by Sec retary Knox to nominate the ship’s sponsor, and in writing to Secretary Knox, he said he considered the nomination particularly appropriate because Mrs. Hall is a member of a family which has been prominent in Alexandria for the past 150 years. The wife of Rear Admiral Hall, she is the former Miss Beall Dain gerfleld, the daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. William Bathurst Daingerfleld, and was born in the family home at Washington and Cameron streets. An ancestor, Col. William Daingerfleld, was one of the first colonels appointed by the Continental Congress. A great grandfather, Bathurst Daingerfleld, came to the city in 1780 as captain of the Port of Alexandria. Admiral Hall, a native of Wil liamsburg, was one of three Amer ican admirals commanding invasion units in the Sicilian attack. He re ceived the Distinguished Service Medal for his part in the North African invasion and later estab lished and commanded the naval operating base at Casablanca. Stimson, Knox Assert Differing Laws Block Proper Service Vote The Secretaries of War and Navy asserted today “the serv ices are unable effectively to ad minister diverse procedures of 48 States” relative to serviceman voting legislation. Mr. Stimson and Mr. Knox in formed Executive Director Frank Bane of the Council of State Gov ernments, that the Army and Navy cannot furnish names, serial num bers or military addresses of voters; appoint agents to handle voing at military or naval establishments; post voting instructions from indi vidual States or distribute ballots by any means other than person to-person mail; or administer any provisions conflicting with "the me chanical requirements of Federal law.” Emphasizing that the "War and Navy Departments do not advocate or oppose any particular voting legislation,” Mr. Knox and Mr. Stimson asked State governments to include in any voting legislation a provision for mailing ballots to voters outside the United States at least 45 days before an election. The policy of the Army and Navy,! their statement said, is to "assist and encourage servicemen to vote, so far as practicable and com patible with military operations. Nothing must interfere with the services’ primary obligation to wage victorious war.” Mr. Knox and Mr. Stimson, in asking the 45-day minimum, as serted that because of uncertainty in air transportation, "a longer time Interval is desirable.” The statement requested that bal lots be mailed to men stationed within the United States at least 30 days before election, advocating "uniform legislation” by the States1 on mailing time, and the following points: 1. That applications for a ballot be prepared and distributed officially by the War and Navy Departments, then sent to the various secretaries of State for referral to State elec tion officials. 2. That State election officials ac cept, any time before election, ap WATCH REPAIRING . Watch Clock Strips All Work Bcpalrinr , Gamrsntre! Watch Crystals, 45c U/ A l\P/P DIAMONDS " Ml/C J WATCHES eis 12th st. N.W. JEWELRY , cjj Y. M. S. c3 EXCLUSIVE ctf HAND-TAILORED i 3| CLOTHES $55 to $75 I 3^ Superb imported and domestic H qM fabrics • . . subtly woven pat- 1 0jjj terns . . . skillfully blended col ■~2 or* • • • hand-tailoring that be speaks the ultimate in luxury ’"lJjU • • • Discriminating men will recognize “their” preference for our “Benehwork" clothes. Other Suits f29.75 to 550 plications for absentee ballots or wartime registration as a voter, 3. That voting material be de signed for air carriage, not exceed ing 0.8 ounce a voter and be placed in an envelope 4Ve by 914 inches, marked “Official Ballot.” 4. That a serviceman’s vote be acknowledged before a commis sioned, warrant or noncommissioned officer not lower than a sergeant, or the equivalent Navy rating. Wife of Admiral Denfeld Erroneously Called Widow Rear Admiral Louis E. Denfeld, assistant chief of naval personnel, is very much alive, despite indica tions to the contrary conveyed in an article in The Star yesterday. An Associated Press dispatch con cerning the blowing up of the de stroyer off Sandy Hook referred to Mrs. Denfeld, who christened the Turner, as the widow of Rear Admiral Denfeld. The error was repeated in a localized treatment of the story. Admiral and Mrs. Den feld live at the Westchester Apart ments. Police Guard Bicycles Bicycle stealing has become so widespread in Dublin that police men are now stationed at churches where bicycles are parked tempo rarily. 'Welcome' Program Sunday Features Visit to Museum A quiet afternoon in front of an open fire among treasured relics of childhood is the entertainment pos sibility offered from 3 to 5 p.m. Sunday as the next in the series of "Washington Welcomes You” events. The program, designed especially for adults, will be a visit to the Children’s Museum of Washington at Villa Rosa, 4215 Massachusetts avenue N.W. Presented by The Star-sponsored "Washington Welcomes You” proj ect, in co-operation with the Chil dren’s Museum, the Sunday program will be free to the public. New comers to Washington, whether civilians or service personnel, are particularly invited. Villa Rosa may be reached by taking an N-2 bus to Ward Circle, then walking along Massachusetts avenue to the first entrance gate, which is marked “Villa Rosa.” Per sons wishing to accompany others should assemble in the lobby of The Star Building, Eleventh street and Pennsylvania avenue N.W., at 2 p.m. Sunday. Additional information may be obtained from the District Infor mation Service, RE. 7500, ext. 75024, or the Children’s Museum, EM. 4456. Wickard Tells Co-ops To Map Postwar Plans By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, Jan. 6.—Farm co-op eratives must develop postwar plans "as rapidly as possible to avert the chaos and human misery which stalked our Nation alter the last war,” Secretary of Agriculture Wick ard said last night. In a message to the National Council of Farmer Co-operatives, Mr. Wickard said co-operatives "must justify their existence by services performed, adhere more closely to the precept of their legis lative charter * * * better inform the general public and work closer with other great segments of the Amer ican public.” John H. Davis, Washington, chief of the wheat section, grain division, Commodity Credit Corp., was elected executive secretary of the council. Charles C. Teague, Santa Paula, Calif., council president, told dele gates abrogation of a protective tar iff "may, in the long run. become even a greater menace to the well being of the country than sub sidies.” “I believe that this menace could be in large measure avoided if recip rocal tariff treaties w-hen negotiated were required to have the approval of the Senate,” he said. EUGENE C. GOTT President GOOD CLOTHES j ARE ESSENTIAL! Because: They're of such fine pre war woolens they last longer—avoid waste. 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