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Anonymous Statement on Rail Strike Made in Hope Warning Will Suffice By DAVID LAWRENCE. Gen. Marshall, Chief of Staff of the United States Army, and the man who as a member of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff has access to secret information from all parts of the world, has been attacked by the American Federation of Labor as, in effect, not knowing what he was talking about last week when he allegedly made statements about the effect of the rail strike-call on events abroad. Curiously enough, the con troversy has be come personal. The A. F. of L. is quite sure Gen. Marshall made the state ments which the press attributed to an “informed source.” and proceeds to at tack the gen eral even with paid advertising space in local D*Tii L*wr"'« newspapers. The War Department has not ac knowledged that it was Gen. Mar shall who mc.de the statements, but the A. F. of L. is quite sure about it and has proceeded to start a pub lic attack on the general. The first doubt raised by the A. F. of L. is with respect to whether the general was stating the truth about the effect of American strikes. In support of its charge that he didn't know what he was talking about, the A. F. of L. argues that a check of the propaganda broadcasts heard abroad reveals that the Nazis didn't make much, if any, use of the railroad strike incident. Actually the “informed source” never charged that the Axis broad casters did publicly make use of the incident. What h'e said was that the underground movements in cer tain countries which the Allies ex pected to rise up and join with us were discouraged by the news of our strikes, as were certain folks in various countries which were to have helped in an explosion in the Balkans, and that as a consequence of the strike-call the expected up risings were not occurring and the big invasion would have to go on and that this would cost America more lives than otherwise would have been necessary. Now if Gen. Marshall were the “informed source”—and the A. F. of L. is proceeding on that assumption —the labor union is, in effect, say ing that the sources of information available to the chief of staff of the United States Army as to what is happening abroad are no good be cause the information hasn't been broadcast by the Axis radios. Any body who has the slightest famil iarity with what goes on in Turkey, for instance, where the diplomatic battle fluctuates constantly as be tween pressure to bring Turkey into the war and pressure to keep her out—knows that what is happening inside America can be used as an effective argument by Franz von Papen, the German Ambassador, at Ankara. And no doubt it was so used. If Gen. Marshall, who has no con nection with the matter of labor regulation or strikes, says to any one that the strikes have hurt us and that lives have been imperiled by our disunity on the labor front, certainly he must have better sources of information than any body else in Washington—outside of the President—to oack up his state ment. Then the smoke screen was raised about the anonymity. Much criti cism is being heaped on the "in formed source” for making his com ments without identifying himself. But the press is responsible for this custom, and it is one of the best sateguards ever devised to preserve free government. If the source of all information had to be made public, subordinates would never tell essential facts to newspapers by which many public scandals have been exposed. Day after day public officials who do not wish to be quoted for various reasons are interviewed by reporters singly or in groups. If the condi tion were that no information were to be received unless the source could be mentioned, there would be no Presidential press conferences and no conferences with cabinet officers or any other responsible sources. The press has long under stood the custom of anonymous re porting, and there is no difference in principle whether one reporter or 30 reporters are present. If Gen. Marshall, for instance, were the “informed source,” he might have been instructed by the Presi dent to issue the information anony mously. One reason had to do with the fact that the obvious purpose was to avoid an official statement, especially at this time when the President is writing his message on the whole labor problem. The main objective has been achieved. Labor knows now that public opinion would swing promptly behind Gen. Marshall or any other member of our armed services if there is oc casion again to denounce the strike call. The anonymous tactics were doubtless decided on in the hope that the warning would be sufficient. But if it isn’t, then the country should not be surprised to see high officers of the Army and Navy taking the radio some night to tell the mothers and fathers of the boys now over seas what threats are being made against the war effort on the home front. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) Police Cars Repainted LOUISVILLE, Ky. 0F).—For the past two years Louisville police cars have been painted white so that any one neding an officer in a hurry would have no trouble spotting the automobiles of authority. But crim inals also had no trouble, so the cars are being repainted black. Haskin's Answers to Questions There are several hundred national organizations which maintain their headquarters in Washington. Here the Information Bureau finds the answers to many of the questions that news paper readers ask. When writing be sure to sign your full name and ad dress. Send your question to The Eve ning Star Information Bureau. Fred eric J. Haskin, Director. Washington. D. C. Inclose stamp for return postage. By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. Q. What is the source of the new drug patulin?—F. E. V. A. It is obtained from the mold that produces penicillin. Q. Were monasteries and insti tutions of religious orders started by the Christians?—R. E. C. A. The building of monasteries did not originate with the Chris tian world. These were known to the ancient Egyptians and were preva lent among Jews and later among Mohammedans. , Q. What is a good game for a round-shouldered student to play?— R. F. B. A. According to Harold Keith of I the University of Oklahoma, “vol j ley ball is perhaps the best game ever devised for correcting the ‘student stoop’ since if the net is kept high and the two-handed return used, it compels players to keep the head and shoulders up and back, the spine straight and the chest thrust out.* Q. What is the origin of the say ing that it is “too cold to snow”?— M. M. * A. The Weather Bureau says that if the winter wind is from the northwest, it is cold, and from the wrong direction to give much snow. This presumably is the origin of the saying. The statement is, how ever, not literally true for light snows can -occur at any temperature. Q. Does St. Paul refer to pirates? —C. D. A. Varied experiences befell St. Paul, but encounters with pirates were not among them. Pompey had stamped out piracy from the Med iterranean. Q. When was the organ placed in the Mormon Tabernacle in Salt Lake City?—G. B. A. The work was begun in the early 1860s and one hundred men were employed constantly. White pine from the hills around Parowan was used, the logs being hauled by oxen. The instrument was subse quently rebuilt. Q. When did the earliest mention of tea appear?—K. E. C. A. In the records of the East In dia Co. for 1615. Q. Can a member of the WAC be court-martialed?—G. M. R. A. Yes. A court-martial has the sower to impose punishment upon officers and personnel subject to its lurisdiction. Q. Why are there more stars Dverhead than near the horizons?— K. L. Y. A. This is not actually the case. Light from the fainter stars near the horizon is scattered out and lost in the greater thickness of atmosphere through which the light must travel to reach the observer. Vendor Warns Utah Girls SALT LAKE CITY 'The Burlington <Wis.) Liars Club award was the news of the day to a comer paper vendor. Over and over he shrilled: “Utah soldier world cham pion liar. Look out, girls!” RESORTS. ELKTON, VA. For a delightful bit of relaxation TRY THE GABLES Elkton, Virginia Overlooking the Beautiful Shenandoah River Exceptional views In everv direction Outdoor Sports. Excellent Pood. Sprlne Water. Tune In on Billy Re paid. WOL. 8:30 A.M. Thursdays. Then write us. or telephone for res ervations. Elkton 120. w - <?*«* r WW**""" It'S Hme someone gave yoo folks a wife's-eye viow of this philosopher husband o' mine. So I'm sneakin' one over on him Sunday, in THIS WEEK Mag azine, with (Ehr &mtbag &tar i™—.. ...in ' "'NOW QUINTU PIETS REUEVEt-CHEST COlflS l ij KUS wmcn may warn of a f?ld ,the Dionne Quintuplets’ chests, throats and backs are rubbed with Musterole—a product made especially to promptly relieve coughs due to colds, make breathing easier and break up local congestion in upper bronchial tract. Musterole give* such wonderful re suits because it’s MORE than just an ordinary salve”. It's what so many Doctors and Nurses call a modern counter irritant. Since Musterole is used on the Quints—you may be sure it’s just about the BEST cold-relief made! IN 3 STRENGTHS: Children’s Mild Musterole, ^ _ Regular and Extra Strength. American and Allied Commanders Listed For All War Zones Ey the Associated Press. Here is an an up-to-date list ol American and Allied commanders in the various war zones and United States defense areas: Combined chiefs of staff, Wash ington: For the United States — Gen, George C. Marshall, Army Chief of Staff; Admiral Ernest J. King, commander in chief pf the fleet and chief of Naval Operations; Gen. H. H. Arnold, commanding Army Air Forces, and Admiral William D. Leahy, chief of staff to the Presi dent. For Great Britain—Field Marshal Sir John Dill, Admiral Sir Percy Noble, Lt. Gen. G. N. McCready and Air Marshal Sir William L. Welsh. Allied commanders for European African theater (western): Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, su preme commander. Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder, deputy supreme commander. Air Marshal Trafford L. Leigh Mallory, commander in chief, tech nical air force for British theater. Lt. Gen. Carl Spaatz, commander United States Strategic Air Force. Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, commander British grtmnd forces. (American ground forces com mander to be announced.) Maj. Gen. James H. Doolittle, commander United States 8th Air rorce. Sir Bertram Ramsay, naval com mander in chief. Mediterranean: Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, commander in chief. Gen. Sir Harold Alexander. Allied commander in Italy. Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers, deputy commander in chief and commander of American forces. Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eaker, Allied air commander. Lt. Gen. Mark Clark, commander of 5th Army. Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, com mander of 1 th Army. Lt. Gen. Walter B. Smith, chief of staff. Maj. Gen. John K, Cannon, com mander of United States 12th Air Force. Maj. Gen. Nathan Twining, com mander of United States 15th Air Force. Middle East: Gen. Sir Bernard Padget, com mander in chief. Maj. Gen Ralph Royce, com mander 9th Air Force. Maj. Gen. Donald H Connolly, Persian Gulf Service Command. Caribbean area: Lt. Gen. George H. Brett, com manding general. Maj. Gen. H. H. Hannon, com mander 6th Air Force. Maj. Gen. Glen E. Edgerton, Gov ernor of Panama Canal Zone. . Maj. Gen. William E. Shedd, com mander Antilles Department. Newfoundland: Maj. Gen. John B. Brooks, com manding general. Bermuda: Brig. Gen. Alden G. Strong, com manding officer, United States Army Air Forces and base commander. Southeast Asia: Lord Louis Mountbatten, com mander in chief. Lt. Gen. Joseph Stilwell, com mander United States Armies in Burma, India and China. Maj. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer, deputy chief of staff. Maj. Gen. George C. Stratemeyer, I commander of theater air forces. Maj. Gen. Claire Chennault, com mander 14th Air Force (China). Brig. Gen. Howard Davidson, commander of 10th Air Force (In dia). Southwest Pacific: Gen. Douglas MacArthur, com mander in chief. Gen. Sir Thomas Blarney, com mander of Allied forces. Lt. Gen. George C. Kenney, com mander, Allied air forces. Maj. Gen. Ennis C. Whitehead, commander, 5th Air Force. Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger, com mander, United States 6th Army. Maj. Gen. Richard A. Sutherland, chief of staff. South Pacific: Admiral William F. Halsey, com mander in chief. Lt. Gen. Millard F. Harmon, com manding general of Army forces. Maj. Gen. Oscar W. Griswold, commander of ground forces. Central Pacific: Lt. Gen. R. C. Richardson, com manding general. Maj. Gen. Willis C. Hale, com mander, 7th Air Force. Alaska: Lt. Gen. Simon Buckner, com manding general. Brig. Gen. Frank L. Whittaker, deputy commander. Maj. Gen. Davenport Johnson, commander of 11th Air Force. Col. E. D. Post, chief of staff. United States: Lt. Gen. George Grunert, com manding general Eastern Defense Command. Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges, com mander of 3d Army and Southern Defense. Lt. Gen. Delos C. Emmons, com mander of Western Defense. Lt. Gen. William Hood Simpson, commander 4th Army. United States Navy: Admiral King, commander in chief and chief of naval operations. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, com mander in chief, Pacific Fleet. Admiral William^F. Halsey, com mander South Pacific Area. Vice Admiral Frank J. Fletcher, commander North Pacific and Northwestern sea frontier. « Vice Admiral Thomas C. Kincaid, commander naval forces, Southwest Pacific. Vice Admiral Raymond A. Spru ance, commander Central Pacific force. Vice Admiral John H. Towers, commander air force, Pacific Fleet. Vice Admiral -Aubrey W. Fitch, commander, air force, South Pacific. Vice Almiral Charles A: Lockwood, commander, submarines, Pacific. Vice Almiral William L. Calhoun, commander, service force, Pacific Fleet. Vice Admiral John W. Greenslade, commander, Western Sea Frontier; to be succeeded February 1 by Rear Admiral David W. Bayley. Vice Admiral Robert L. Ghorm ley, commander, Hawaiian Sea Frontier. Admiral Royal E. Ingersoll, com mander in chief, Atlantic Fleet. Admiral Harold R. Stark, com mander, United States naval forces in Europe. Vice Admiral Jonas H. Ingram, commander, South Atlantic force. Vice Admiral Patrick N. L. Bel linger, commander, air force, Atlan tic Fleet. Rear Admiral Freeland A. Daubin, commander, submarines, Atlantic. Vice Admiral Alexander Sharp, commander, service force, Atlantic Fleet. Vice Admiral Herbert F. Leary, commander, Eastern Sea Frontier. Vice Admiral Arthur B. Cook, commander, Caribbean Sea Frontier. Vice Admiral Henry K. Hewitt, commander, United States naval forces, Nortwest African Area. Albert- Spalding Takes OWI Job in Italy By the Associated Press. Albert Spalding, noted violinist, will abandon his musical career for the war’s duration to assist the psy chological warfare , branch of the Office of War Information in Italy. The OWI announced yesterday i that Mr. Spalding has canceled his spring concert tour. He will soon be sent overseas as assistant to the civilian head of the PWB in Italy. Mr. Spalding was educated in Florence, and has an intimate knowledge of the Italian people. In the last war Mr. Spalding j joined the Aviation Corps and served in Italy. Morgenthau Reports 1 Agreement Is Nearer On Postwar Currency By the Asioclated Preu. Secretary of the Treasury Mor genthau said today American and British monetary experts are closer to agreement on plans fer postwar international currency stabilization than they have been "at any time.” He told a press conference that he was hopeful for an early monetary conference, but that detailed plans for the meeting had not been worked out. Mr. Morgenthau declined to dis cuss specific points at issue between the British and American plans. Heretofore, gold’s part in currency stabilization has been the principal difficulty with the American pro posal calling for an $8,000,000,000 fund definitely pegged to gold and the British suggesting a clearing union without a definite gold com mitment. The conference, in addition to dis cussing monetary stabilization as a means of unhindered postwar trade, also would consider a tentative Treasury proposal for a $10,000,000, 000 world bank for reconstruction and development. Asked for comment on a proposal by Representative Knutson, Repub lican. of Minnesota to divorce the Internal Revenue Bureau from the Treasury, the Secretary replied, "I just remind myself that this is 1944.” Mr. Knutson advanced his pro posal, Mr. Morgenthau said, to “take politics out of the operation and enforcement of our tax laws.” The Secretary declared the out look for the $14,000,000,000 Fourth War Loan, which opens January 18, is “very good.” He said it appeared the Treasury | In Fackagaa and Taa Bags at Your Grocor’a a would do a better Job than ever before both in house-to-house can vassing and in plant quotas to meet the goal of $5,500,000,000 in War Bond subscriptions from Individuals. Tuna, Mackerel Pack Far Exceeds 1942 By the Associated Press. More canned tuna and mackerel are en route to American dinner tables. Co-ordinator of Fisheries Ickes said today that through November, 1943, more tuna and mackerel had been canned than in the entire year 1942. The figures through November: Tuna, 2,550,000 cases, compared with 2,336,000 in the same period of 1942; mackerel, 718,000 cases, compared with 498,000 in the same period of i 1942. ■"■■■ I j | Belgian Nazi Chief Dies MADRID, Jan. 6 (A*).—Adolf Shultze, chief of the Nazi party In Belgium, died in Brussels December 29, a copy of the Munich newspaper Neueste Nachrichten, received here yesterday, said. Circumstances of his death were not stated. NEWSPAPERS 60* Books and Magazines O Ce P#r 100 QJV Pounds Delivered Our Warehouse 1 It you cannot deliver your ac cumulations , phone as. Hlshest prices paid for all kinds of )unk. WASH. RAG & BAG CO. 215 L St. S.W. Dl. 8007 P- BalUnnnc & Son*. Newark, N. J. 3*Ring "handy'means.. mU0NB! /wlOfr^ * * Ancient man was no talker. What he had to say, he ^ said with his hands. And we’re still “handy’’ men, all of us. Atta-boy “handy’’ says “Nice going.” Chef’s “handy” says “Ah, perfect!" 3-Ring “handy” says “Ballantine Ale for me”-America’s finest since 1840. Hurry along your glass of “something better” in a moderate beverage this “handy" wayEnjoy its PURITY. BODY and flavor as Peter Ballantine did in 1840 when he found his famous trade mark in the three o moisture rings left by his glass on the table The whole world’s "tuned in" for news of the 4th War Loan. Help make it bad newTfor the enemy, good pews for our boys. Buy that extra War Bond today.