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Increasing cloudiness; low 27 tonight. Much colder tomorrow night. Temperatures todays—Highest, 40. at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 29, at 7:55 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 41, at 4 p.m.; lowest, 35, at 11 p.m. Late New York Markets, Poge A-17 Guide for Readers Page. Amusements A-14-15 Comics _B-14-15 Editorials ..A-8 Edit! Articles...A-9 Finance .A-17 Lost and Found, A-3 Page. Obituary .A-10 Radio .B-15 Society .....B-3 Sports.A-12-13 Where to Go_B-9 Woman’s Page, A-ll An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,409. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1944—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. ** ** ~ i ‘ ----: SftSKS. THREE CENTS. Reds Advance on 175-Mile Front, Ripping Nazi Forces to Pieces And Taking Big Stores of Booty - 4 Four Communication Centers Imperiled By Fanlike Drive (Map on Page A-2.) By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Jan. 7.—Gen. Niko lai Vatutin’s forces, gaining new momentum after smashing 10 miles into prewar Poland, sped forward today in a great fan shaped offensive toward life lines vital to enemy operations in the Ukraine and Dnieper bend. The gains were reported after the Russians crushed a series of coun terattacks launched by the forces of Marshal Fritz von Mannstein. The Nazis appeared unable to halt the Russian machine. Over a front of 175 miles from the lower Pripet Marshes near Rakitno, 10 miles inside the old Polish border, to the flat steppe near Zhashkov, 40 miles south of Belaya Tserkov, the 1st Ukrainian Army was ripping the Germans to pieces and capturing huge stores of booty. To the north, in the Nevel sector, Gen. Ivan Bagramian’s growing Baltic offensive swept deep into strong cores of resistance where the German specter of encirclement was the same as in the Ukraine. Weather Aids Patrols. Snowballs and blizzards were an aid to advance patrols cutting be hind Nazi lines and threatening the communications of the German forces before Leningrad, just as Gen. Vatutin's fast tanks and cav alry were a peril to the Germans' main lines leading to the Dnieper and the Black Sea. Gen. Vatutin’s advance brought Increased pressure on the Germans in Kirovograd and Krivoi Rog in the Dnieper bend, but there were few specific reports from those sec tors. (Today’s German communique said 51 Soviet tanks were de stroyed in those sectors in in tense fighting. (Stockholm newspapers quoted a German military spokesman as hinting at the possibility of Ger man withdrawal from all Russia, possibly because of the threat of encirclement both in the north and south now that the German northern and southern armies have been split.) Four Centers Imperiled. Four communication centers lay; within striking distance of Gen. Vatutin's Red forces: Rovno. about 35 miles inside the old Polish border and 60 miles west of Novograd Volynski. Both the Warsaw-Kiev highway and the War saw railroad pass through here. Shepetovka, 35 miles southwest of Novograd Volynski, one of the Ukraine's most important railway junctions. Vinnitsa. 70 miles south of Zhit omir and 60 miles from the Dniester, former- boundary of Rumania. And Zhmerinka, 20 miles south of Vinnitsa on the Odessa-Warsaw line, which the Germans must hold if they hope to remain any place east of Odessa. Capture of Rakitno was announced in a Soviet communique last night, and Gen. Vatutin's vanguards were said to be pushing on along the Kiev-Warsaw Railway toward Sarny, 25 miles farther west. The fall of Sarny would endanger communica tions between German forces oper ating north and south of the Kiev Warsaw line. Drive Toward Railway. Gen Vatutin's left wing, mean while, was plunging south toward the Warsaw-Odessa Railway, which is the vital Nazi supply line to the 500.000 or more German troops massed in the Dnieper bend. Spearheading columns drove through Gorodnitsi, 20 miles north west of Novograd-Volynski, and Chudnov, 28 miles southwest of Zhitomir, widening Gen. Vatutin’s fan-like front against the Polish border. Move Through Zhashkov. At the same time Gen. Vatutin’s drive to the southwest toward Ru mania covered 25 miles yesterday, moving from Tarasha through Zhashkov, eastern terminus of a railway running to Kazatin. Enemy units along the west bank of the Dnieper were mopped up by a force in the rear. iBerlin broadcasts, recorded by the Associated Press in London, said German forces in the Dnieper bend already were battling a Rus sian pincers movement by Gen. Vatutin's troops and those of the 2d Ukraine Army under Gen. Ivan S. Konev, who, they asserted, had launched a "new major offensive” from the east.) President Near Recovery From Attack of Grippe President Roosevelt is "pretty well over the grippe,” Stephen T. Early, presidential secretary, said today, but he is remaining in his quarters at the White House instead of coming to his office, and the custo mary Friday press conference was cancelled. Rear Admiral Ross T. Mclntire, the President’s personal physician, "is not taking any chances because he doesn't want a flareback” of the illness which has kept the President confined for the last 10 days, Mr. Early said. Mr. Roosevelt is continuing to work on his message, but is not ex pected to decide when he will pre sent it to Congress until after he confers with congressional leaders. Ordinarily this message would go up Tuesday, the day after Congress re convenes. The President conferred today with Budget Director Smith. The budget message also will go to Con gress next week. Balkan Landings By Crack Troops Denied by Allies Specialist Forces Sent to Yugoslavia, Stockholm Hears Ey the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 7.—Roundabout reports reached Stockholm to day that Allied specialist troops had landed at several strategic points on the coast of Yugo slavia. Meanwhile, dispatches from Allied headquarters in Algiers called “com pletely erroneous” a report that "crack Allied divisions” had landed in Yugoslavia. This account was carried by Reuters, quoting the Stockholms-Tidningen, which in turn was said to have credited its information to reports from Zagreb, capital of puppet Croatia. A qualified, but unofficial source in London, said the report "probably was planted by the Germans as a feeler.” One highly placed British observer said, however, that there undoubt edly was considerable passage of Allied officers across the Adriatic as part of the close liaison with Mar shal Josip Broz (Tito), but dis counted the idea that there had been any troop landings in force. The story that Allied specialists had reached Yugoslavia also was rundabout, reaching Stockholm from Zagreb by way of Budapest, (See* BALKANS, Page A-6.) I American Marauders Blast France After RAF Raids on Reich Medium Bombers Suffer No Loss in Follow-up Of Sixth Night Attack BULLETIN. LONDON (A1).—Strong forces of American Flying Fortresses and Liberators attacked tar gets in Southwestern Ger many today. By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan^ 7.—American Marauder bombers smashed at! military objectives in Northern' France today, keeping the I round-the-clock offensive roll-; ing after RAF Mosquitos raided1 Western Germany last night for the 6th night in succession. The Marauders returned from their cross-Channel sweeps in early afternoon without a single loss. The medium bombers were a part of the parade of Allied fighters and fight er-bombers observed streaking across toward the French coast shortly after the Mosquitos returned from their night raids. The fleet plywood bombers re turned without loss at the hands of German antiaircraft defenses or night fighters, an Air Ministry com munique said. "Northern France Also Hit. In addition to bombing objectives jin Germany, the identity of which was not disclosed, the Mosquitos last j night also stabbed at Northern France and other RAF planes laid mines in enemy waters, the bulletin declared. Apparently a considerable num ber of the hard-hitting Mosquitos participated in the operations, for observers on the British southeast coast reported last night that they had heard outward-bound planes passing overhead for almost two hours. The Mosquito raids were accom panied by air alerts in Geneva and other Swiss cities, the German-con trolled Paris radio said. Diversionary Kaid on Berlin. The previous night the Mosquitos staged a diversionary raid on Berlin, causing the Germans to rush their night fighters to the defense of the capital while a great fleet of British heavy bombers pounded the Baltic port of Stettin with more than 1,000 tons of bombs almost unopposed. (Stockholm dispatches said an eyewitness to the Stettin raid said he heard reports in the city that 1,000 persons had been killed. The traveler said extensive damage was done to the harbor area, an important feeder line to German forces in Finland and along the Baltic front. (The newspaper Morgon Tid ningen had reported earlier that 60.000 persons were left homeless.) Yesterday, the Air Ministry said, RAF light and medium bombers teamed up with fighter-bombers to attack military objectives in North ern France. The light and medium bombers were escorted by Allied fighters. RAF, Dominion and Allied fighters also carried out supporting sweeps, the ministry,,said. From the daylight operations six Allied aircraft were reported miss ing. Three enemy planes were shot down. Fighters Set Record. American Thunderbolt and Light ning fighter planes which escorted heavy bombers in Wednesday's as sault on the German U-boat and shipbuilding center of Kiel destroyed 18 Nazi aircraft without loss for a new American fighter record over Germany. The previous record was 16. The United States Air Force an nouncement today said the fighters were led by Maj. James R. Howard of St. Louis. L 5th Army Drive Is Pressed All Along Front American Forces Storm Strong Points • In San Vittore By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers, Jan. 7.—With grenades, machine guns and small arms, American troops *oday attacked three bitterly contested strong points in the fortified village of San Vittore as the 5th Army pressed its offensive all along the 10-mile front straddling the Via Casilina to Rome. Forging ahead short distances through the snow-covered moun tains, the Americans stormed the strong defenses built by the Ger mans to cover the key town of Cassino six miles ahead of San Vit tore. The American captured the 3.500-foot peak of Monte Maio about a mile southwest of Viticuso and five miles northwest of Venafro. Tlie seizure of Monte Maio under a hail of German artillery and mortar fire cut the German supply road from Cevaro to San Vittore near Viticuso. Half of Town Captured. The Americans, who entered San Vittore from the northeast and southwest, had taken more than half the town and now were driving on three clusters of gray tumble down stone buildings where the Ger mans had barricaded themselves. It was a no-quarter fight with the Germans refusing to give up. The doughboys had to creep up to the pillboxes, toss grenades through the apertures and wipe out the defenders. San Vittore is about two miles up the road from the village of San Pietro, captured by the Americans December 18 after one of the blood iest and fiercest battles of the Medi terranean theater. While the Americans fought from one pillbox-converted house to an other, the British on their southern leg of the 10-mile front pushed an attack at Rocoa d'Envandro, cap turing 79 more prisoners for a two day total of 126, Weather Grounds Most Planes. Cold weather with snow falling in the mountains and dense clouds ob scuring the mountain tops impeded the movement of the 8th Armv on the Adriatic coastal front. Indian troops, nevertheless, made a short advance west of San Tommaso. The weather grounded most Allied aircraft, but A-36 invaders and P-40 Warhawks divebombed and strafed German gun positions- and troop concentrations in the Cervaro and Aquino areas just behind the enemy on the 5th Army front, and shot up the town of Fondi, northeast of Ter racina, as well as motor convoys and trains east of Rome. Intercepting 20 German planes over Central Italy, American Spit fires destroyed two for the only score of the day against enemy air craft, No Allied planes were lost yesterday. An officer whose men are fighting in San Vittore described the village as a miniature Stalingrad, with op posing troops neither asking nor giving any quarter. The Germans have turned each house, or what remains of it after steady Allied artillery shelling in recent weeks, into a small fortress and blaze away at the attackers with machine guns, pistols and hand grenades. Martial Law Reported Proclaimed in Warsaw By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 7.—Tass, Soviet news agency, said in .a Moscow broadcast today that German au thorities "have proclaimed martial law in Warsaw, Lublin, Radom, Jaroslaw and other Polish towns near the Soviet frontier.” The broadcast said the informa tion came from Geneva, Switzer land. Warsaw and Lublin are about 50 miles west of the German-Soviet frontier established across Poland in September, 1939. Radom is about 100 miles west of the line. Jaroslaw is only a few miles west of it. 90-Day Jail Sentence Imposed on Publisher For Contempt of Court Douglas Stewart, Witness In Sedition Case, Won't Change Story of $36,000 Douglas M. Stewart, former co publisher of Scribner's Commen tator, was sentenced in District Court today to 90 days in jail for contempt after he refused to change his story to the grand jury investigating sedition charges concerning the source of $36,000 he claimed he found in his home under mysterious cir cumstances. Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher imposed the sentence in a crowded courtroom after he was informed by O. John Rogge, special assistant to the Attorney General, that it was the wish of the grand jury, after hearing Mr. Stewart testify before it this morning, that he be cited for contempt. In imposing sentence. Justice Eicher said fhe jail term would be suspended if Mr. Stewart within the next 10 days would tell "a forthright and true story” concerning the source of the money to the grand jury. Contempt proceedings were brought against the publisher this week after he told the jurors that he did not know who had sent him the *36.000 found in the hallway of his Lake Geneva, Wis.. home. Justice Eicher yesterday ordered Mr. Stewart to give the grand jurors "true answers" regarding the money. Warren Magee, counsel for the publisher, asked that a bond be set, but the request was denied, and Mr. Stewart was ordered to begin serv ing his sentence immediately. Mr. Magee told the court that Mr. Stewart had told the truth. To sup port his contention, he said that his client had told the same story to the grand jury that investigated sedition two years ago. The current grand jury has indicted 30 persons on sedition charges. Mr. Rogge has charged that the $36,000 was used in 1941 to finance the Herald, a Lake Geneva <Wis.) publication described by the Justice Department as being isolationist, anti-British and anti-Russian. The newspaper has since ceased publica tion. Rhodes Is Attacked By RAF Bombers By the Associated Press. CAIRO, Jan. 7.—RAP heavy bombers attacked the port of Rhodes, Nazi-held island in the Eastern Mediterranean, during Jan uary 5-6, an Allied Middle East communique said today, and RAP and American long-range fighters have sunk a number of loaded sail ing ships, "a type of shipping on which the enemy is now forced largely to depend" in supplying the occupied Aegean islands. The attack on Rhodes damaged harbor facilities, the communique said, adding that the bombing was "well concentrated.” Woman and Driver Charge Kidnaping by Robbers Here By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Jan. 7.—A woman who identified herself as an em ploye of the United States Em bassy at pavana and the driver of the limousine she engaged at the National Airport in Washing ton told police here today they were kidnaped and robbed by two men who released them in Brooklyn this morning and drove away in the car. The couple told police at the Fifth avenue station in Brooklyn they were Miss Merecedes Platt, 25, employe of the embassy in Ha vana, and Herman Corman, 22, of Washington. Police said they told this story: Miss Platt entered Corman’s car at the airport on her arrival by plane from Buffalo early last night. Two men clad in riding breeches followed her into the rear seat. When the car was about a mile from Washington, both men pro duced guns and ordered Corman into the rear with Miss Platt. Threatening them repeatedly, one man drove while the other covered a the couple with his gun. When the car reached Brooklyn at 7:45 a.m. today, Miss Platt and Corman were put out on 15th street between Third and Fourth avenues and warned against summoning police. Corman told the police the bandits took $48, his watch, ring and gas rationing coupons, while Miss Platt said she was robbed of $11 and her watch and a ring. A report that Corman and his car, owned by the Washington Na tional Airport Transportation Co., were missing had been broadcast from Washington throughout the night. Police called the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Miss Platt and Corman were taken to FBI headquarters for further ques tioning. The men, sought by the FBI, were described by Miss Platt and Cor man as both being between 28 and 30 years old, about 5 feet 5 inches tall and weighing about 140 pounds. Both wore riding pants and boots, they said, but one wore a suede jacket and a light hat, while the other wore a brown cloth jacket and was hatless. Army to Examine Selectees Three Weeks Before Induction Draft Board Examinations Eliminated Except for Those Obviously Defective By MIRIAM OTTENBERG. Announcing a complete revi sion of its medical procedure, National Selective Service said today that after February 1 all selectees will be given a prein duction physical examination at least three weeks before being sworn into the armed forces and the furloughs after induction will be eliminated. At the same time, it was an nounced that the present “screen ing” examinations given by local boards will be eliminated except for registrants with obvious physical defects who can request a local board examination. Generally, only registrants classed in 1-A will be ordered to report foi pre-induction physical examina tions, but any registrant may re | quest his draft board to send him for the advance examination. That carries out the provision in the new draft measure in which Congress tried to provide for men who want to know well in advance whether or not they are acceptable for service so they will have time to wind up their civilian affairs. The new procedure also authorizes a draft board to order any registrant i to take the new pre-induction physi cal when the board determines he will be inducted soon, although at the time he takes the physical he ts still in a deferred class. That could apply to men whose occupational deferments are running out. While, for the time being, men may be inducted 21 days after taking their pre-induction physical exami nation. selective service emphasized that thls Period will be extended as i See DRAPTrPage A-167» Second Family Here Hoaxed by Report of Serviceman's Safety Woman Caller Uses Same Name, Follows Same Procedure A second case of the meanest i of all hoaxes—a false report of | the safety of a missing service man—was reported here today as a Federal Bureau of Investiga tion spokesman disclosed that ; other instances of the same kind have occurred elsewhere in the i country. | The FBI declined to say whether or not it_ was investigating the spread of false information about the fate of loved ones in the armed forces. The War Department, meanwhile, said it was up to the FBI to make any investigation necessary and de clined to comment on whether wide spread complaints had been received. Various War and Navy officials said they knew of other cases. One Navy Department informant said several had occurred in Norfolk. Va. It was emphasized that no fam ily need be hoodwinked if the “next of kin" will believe only what comes from officiial sources by telegram. There is a regular routine for noti fying the next of kin. No messages are given over the telephone. Hoax Details Given. The second family victimized here —Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Mueller, Brent wood, Md.. whose son, Lt. Edward T. Mueller was reported missing in the Star Wednesday, apparently received a call from the same person who in formed Miss Ruth Benner Hall Wed nesday night that her fiance, Lt. (j.g.) A. B. Hanson, reported missing from the destroyer Leary, was “safe.” On the basis of these two cases, the "informant” operates in this way: She telephones the home of the family and identifies herself as “Miss Wainwright.” In the case of the missing naval officer, she said she was calling from the Navy Depart ment, In Lt. Mueller's case, she was (See HOAX, Page i\-16.) U. S. Patrol Ship Believed Sunk in Atlantic Collision Bs the Associated Press. PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 7.—A Navy patrol ship is believed to have been sunk in the Atlantic 60 miles south east of Cape May, N. J., after a col lision with a merchant ship, the 4th Naval District announced today. The ships collided shortly before midnight last night and it is not known whether any of the crew members were lost or injured, a naval spokesman said. Two Coast Guard patrol boats were dispatched to the scene follow ing a radio distress signal from the merchant ship, the naval district said. Six other vessels were sent out from various Coast Guard stations a short time later. Survivors will be landed at Coast Guard stations in the area, the 4th Naval District said. Midwest Senators Renew Demand for Pork Ration Holiday Threaten to Force Step By Legislation Unless OPA Yields Quickly By the Aesocieted Press. Congressional demands for a two-week suspension of pork ra tioning to relieve hog-glutted livestock markets were under scored today by a threat from Midwestern Senators to force that step by legislation if it be comes necessary. On the other hand. War Food Ad ministration officials say that reduc tion of pork ration point values is aggravating the butter shortage, since ration stamps are interchange able between meats and butter and some consumers are using points formerly spent for pork to buy but ter. And, although they are still seek ing to remedy the pork surplus sit uation. Government food officials have refused to order a pork ration ing holiday on the ground that it would result !n maldistribution of available supplies and might lead to a shortage later. Senators Renew Demands. But congressional demands have been renewed with Senators Reed, Republican, of Kansas: Wherry. Re publican, of Nebraska: Johnson, Democrat, of Colorado, and Thomas. Republican, of Idaho, leading the move for a rationing recess. Asserting that if relief isn’t forth coming from the Office of Price Ad ministration and WFA next week, he would introduce legislation to force pork off the ration list temporarily, Senator Reed said some Widwestern : livestock markets have clamped em bargoes on hogs because packing house storage facilities are now , overburdened. i As a result, he said, farmers are forced to take losses because they i See PORK. Page A-16. > 26 Air Cadets Die in Arizona Crossing Crash By the Associated Press. KINGMAN, Ariz., Jan. 7.— Twenty-six aviation cadets were killed last night when a Santa Fe Railroad freight train col lided with a bus carrying 36 air men stationed at the Kingman Army Gunnery School here. Two of the 10 servicemen sur viving were not expected to live, the air base public relations office re ported. Preliminary information indicated the bus, which was returning the cadets from a night training mis sion on a gunnery range near the base, did not stop at the crossing. Military Equipment To Be Cut in 1944, ; OWI Report Says Output of Combat Planes To Be Speeded; Civilians To Get Irons, Bathtubs t y the Associated Press. Sharp cutbacks of military equipment and a 40 per cent re duction of aluminum output for war purposes is predicted for 1944, but about all it will amount to for civilians is 2.000,000 electric irons, 50,000 bathtubs and pos- ’ sibly a few stoves and refrigera tors. The preview was given by the Office of Waf Information in a re port issued yesterday. While pro duction of small arms, bullets, non combat planes and antiaircraft equipment will be trimmed drasti cally, the decreases will be more than offset by boosts in war planes and some other munitions. OWI said. "No considerable curtailments” for the purpose of resuming civilian goods manufacture can be scheduled for 1944. the agency said, unless the European war ends by June or July. Civilian Production Temporary. "Until then, whatever resumption of civilian production the War Pro duction Board permits must be con sidered purely as temporary and subject at all times to a return to1 military production when required.” said the OWI report. The document was the first comprehensive account | of production curtailment from j official sources. Arms production in 1944 is to be ; 17 per cent greater than in 1943. This in itself is a cutback, since previous disclosures have estimated a gain of from 20 to 25 per cent. The Navy alone, OWI disclosed, has made cutbacks amounting to $2,856,000,000 in the last six months. Much of this was merely on paper, representing cancellations of orders on which work had not been started. Despite this trimming, the Navy’s 1944 program will be $16,000,000,000. one-third higher than in 1943, with production maintained at about the rate achieved last month. More Ships and Planes. Both naval ships and naval planes will be delivered in greater volume this year than last, with shipbuild ing alone reaching the record total of $8,000,000,000 in 1944. "The consensus of the officials of the Army and civilian war agencies is that any return to civilian manu facture during the year 11944». be yond the 2.000.000 electric irons and 50.000 bathtubs recently authorized by WPB will probably be in goods TSee CUTBACKST Page A-6j Service Vote Bill Passed in Georgia State Becomes First To Provide for Ballot By the Associated Pres*. ATLANTA, Jan. 7.—The Georgia Legislature completed action today on a law to facilitate voting in the 1944 elections by the State's quarter million men and women in the armed services. The Senate approved the bill 39 to 0. It had already received unani mous approval of the House of Rep ! resentatives. The bill becomes law on approval by Gov. Ellis Arnall. The Senate vote signalized the completion of the object for which the special session was called—to amend the State law. The special five-day session ad journed immediately thereafter. Administration leaders claimed the swift action made Georgia the first State in the Union to enact a soldier vote statute. Before adopting the bill, the Sen ate rejected for the second time an amendment seeking to include a provision for a presidential primary in Georgia in 194^. 1,174 U. S. Prisoners in Japan Without Mail for 19 Months I By the Associated Press. In one Japanese prisoner camp where 1,174 American soldiers are interned, there has been no mail since May, 1942. But the International Red Cross, reporting on the visits of its repre sentatives to this and two other camps, describes conditions as "sat isfactory.” The reports were made public to day by Senator Thomas, Democrat, ! of Utah, chairman of a special Sen | ate Committee on War Prisoner | Treatment, to whom they were sent | by Secretary of War Stimson. "Undoubtedly,” said the Secretary, "the camps reported on * • * are ‘show’ camps. Nevertheless, there is some comfort to be derived from the fact that at least a few of our men are faring no worse.” Christmas dinner for the prisoners was being planned at the Shanghai camp when the report waa made December 15. It said: I “Owing to high cost of commodi ties and difficulties of securing sup plies. the celebration will be on a smaller scale than last year. Plan ning dinner, consisting of good soup, pot roast with vegetables, pies, fruit, coffee and cigarettes.” “Conditions generally very satis factory * * * health good,” said the Shanghai report, remarking that while winter clothing was needed, it probably would be available in the January relief shipments. Heating, the report said, will be limited, but the condition is shared by all resi dents of Shanghai. An effort was being made to compensate by in creasing hot meals and hot tea. A report from the Haiphongroad camp also described conditions as “highly satisfactory in every re spect.” Conditions at the Hoten (Mukden) Manchukuo camp, where there are 16 American officers, 511 noncom missioned officers and 647 privates, (See PRISONERS, Page A-6.) II. S. Subpoenas Records of 85 Distillers All National Firms Brought Under Scope Of Antitrust Probe Moving forward in its anti trust investigation of the liquor industry,' the Justice Department today issued subpoenas in Dis trict Court requiring 85 distillers, vintners, processors and whole salers to produce their books and records for examination by a grand jury. The subpoenas are returnable by January 31. Included in the 85 are a number from Maryland, mostly from Balti more. Attorney General Biddle, in announcing issuance of the sub poenas. said the purpose of the in vestigation was “to examine all phases of the industry to determine what, if any, illegal, monopolistic practices" were being employed. The action today followed issu ance of similar subpoenas Decem ber 15 against the so-called “big four” of the liquor industry—Schen ley Distillers Corp.. Hiram Walker & Sons. Inc.; National Distillers Products Corp.. and Joseph E. Sea gram & Sons, Inc. These sub poenas were returnable January 6. Today's action brings within the scope of the Justice Department's antitrust inquiry substantially every remaining member of the industry operating on a national scale. To Probe Fate of Stocks. Assistant Attorney General Wen dell Berge, in charge of the anti trust division, said the grand jury would be asked to determine wheth er large distillers have bought up the stocks or output of smaller competi tors; all circumstances surrounding the introduction of new brand names on the market; the withhold ing of supplies, and efforts to con trol prices and distribution outlets. “The ramifications of the industry are so complex,” Mr. Berge said, “that it is impossible to get an ac curate picture of the interlocking ownerships and interests by study ing only a few of the leading com panies. There is a substantial in terest involved in the operations of this industry, and we have decided to make our investigation as com plete and as detailed as possible. “At the same time, it should be borne in mind that the issuance of these subpoenas does not necessarily imply that any of the firms sub poenaed are guilty of any violation of the law. This is the usual legal process followed in such investiga tions and carries no implication of ! wrong-doing on the part of the per son or firm subpoenaed.” Baltimore Firms Listed. The Baltimore firms called on for their records include the Gibson Dis tilling Co . the Greenbrier Distilling Co., Oldetyme Distillers. Inc. Hunter Distilleries Co.. Gallagher & Burton, Inc.. Paul Jones & Co.. Inc., Monti l cello Distillery Co., the Melvale Dis tillery Co., and Mt. Vernon Distillery Co. Other Maryland firms on the list include Ca.stairs Bros. Distilling Co., Inc., Relay. Md., and the Frank L. Wight Distilling Co., Loreley, Md. The industry has been under in vestigation for about two months. On November 18 Assistant Attorney General Berge disclosed the depart ment had begun an investigation and had assigned special men with instructions to "push it.” At that time, he said the inquiry had re sulted in “strong suspicion" of mo nopolistic practices in the industry and commented that "it looks like a fertile field.” Mr. Berge said then that the Justice Department was in full |sympathy with the Senate investi gation headed by Chairman Van Nuys of a special judiciary sub committee. Checkoff Ruled Illegal In Michigan Utility Case By the Associated Press. GRAND RAPIDS. Mich.. Jan. 7 — One of the most provocative issues i in Michigan labor history—the union dues checkoff against non union employes of the Consumers’ Power Co.—has brought a Circuit | Court ruling that the check-off as applied to these workers was illegal. Judge Dale Souter, in a decree signed yesterday, held that non i union employes protesting a $1.50 monthly checkoff were entitled*to ! refunds of their money from the CIO's Utility Workers' Organizing I Committee. I This was a paramount issue in the union’s threatened strike in March of last year in the 57 Michi gan counties served by Consumers’ Power. Production in many war plants would have been affected by a strike. In his ruling. Judge Souter found that the UWOC’s contract with the company was "not a union or a closed-shop contract but rather a maintenance of membership con tract.’’ He held that, on that basis, the checkoff was improper. Man Gets Two-Year Term In Training Course Fraud By the Associated Press. NORFOLK, Va.. Jan. 7.—Con victed of using the mails to defraud, Edward Dempsey, 51, author of a training course for prospective civil ; service employes, has been sentenced i by Judge Isaac Meekins to two years | in the Atlanta Penitentiary, j Testimony was presented by wit nesses who said they had paid for territorial rights to Dempsey’s course, for marketing locally. Llewellyn S. Richardson, court appointed defense counsel, argued they were not defrauded of the money they had invested and at tributed their financial loss to lack of business ingenuity In pushing the project. Assistant United States District Attorney Walkley E. Johnson, in his prosecution, attempted to show that in two instances there had been an overlapping of territory sold.