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Fair and cold tonight. Lowest near 22 degrees. Tomorrow fair and warmer. Temperatures today—Highest. 32, at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 20, at 5:40 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 30, at 5:10 p.m.; lowest, 17, at 8 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-13. Guide for Readers Page. | Amusements _B-16 Comics B-14-15 Editorials _A-8 Edit’l Articles A-7 Finance A-13 Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary Radio _B-15 Society _B-3 Sports ..A-ll Where to Go . B-4 Woman's Page B-10 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,412. WASHINGTON, D. C., rtONDAY, JANUARY 10, 1944—THIRTY PAGES. *** ' I ' . . . • . ,—--—-— Washington mttDTj1 XT' /''ITT'VHPC! FIVE CENTS and Suburbs lilrCiliJli Elsewher# Reds' Drive for Rumania Sweeps To Within 15 Miles of Bug River; 5th Army Scores 2-Mile Advance Sarny Is Reached By Soviet Forces, Germans Report (Map on Page A-2.) By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Jan. 10.—Spear heads of Gen. Nikolai Vatutin’s 1st Ukrainian Army driving to ward Rumania plunged to with in 15 miles of the Bug River to day and neared Vinnitsa, rail city on the Bug serving as main control point for German com munications to the Dnieper bend. Other Vatutin units slashing southward sent deeper one Jaw of a possible trap for thousands of Ger mans in the Smela Gap, a Nazi-held zone in the rear extending eastward to the Dnieper River. This south ward drive was pushing toward a junction with Gen. Ivan S Konev's 2d Ukrainian Army, advancing westward through Alexandrovka above Kirovograd. Farther north, the Russians were within five miles of Sarny (35 miles Inside old Poland.) (An unconfirmed German re port said the Russians had reached Sarny.) Zhornishche Captured Gen. Vatutin's western advance guards seized Zhornishche. 15 miles from a bend of the Bug River. Zhornishche is 30 miles southeast of Vinnitsa and 23 miles from the Important Odessa-Warsaw railway. The Bug River, a natural defense line, is the eastern border oi Trans nistria, the Soviet area awarded to Rumania by the Germans. Other Russian units pushed through Schastlivaya, 19 miles east of Vinnitsa itself, threatening to cut the most important east-west rail way left the Germans in the Ukraine. (A Berlin communique declared Reds Reported Trying To Land Behind Nazi Lines on Black Sea By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 10.—The Ger man high command said today that Russian forces had at tempted a landing west of Ochakov, Black Sea port about 40 miles inside the southern anchor of the German line, but had been beaten off. Ochakov lies almost midway j between the mouth of the Dnieper River, which is the southern end of the German line, and Odessa, the great Nazi-occupied Black Sea naval base. The landing attempt, which was not confirmed from Mos cow could have been intended as a flanking movement against the southern German anchor— the southern arm of a Russian pincers movement to trap Ger man forces in the Dnieper bend area. Russian attacks west of Berdichev had been frustrated. The Soviets were beaten back in the Kirovo grad area.) Gen. Vatutin’s army was engaged In a complicated maneuver, pressing westward even while driving to the south and mopping up areas to the rear. Peril to Communications. Capture of Sarny, a junction on Wilno-Rovno line, would force the Germans to rely for north-south communications on railways meeting at Brest-Litovsk, 130 miles farther west. The Odessa-Warsaw railway, on which the Russians were ad vancing from captured Zhornishche, is the main escape line for German troops in Southern Russia. The Gel-mans also faced disaster In a wide pocket west of the Dnieper River as the 1st and 2d Ukrainian Armies—the 1st Army pushing south through Buki and the other driving west through Alexandrovka—narrowed the jaws of a possible trap to less than 75 miles. A junction of the two armies would close a ring around the Ger mans in the Smela gap in an area 80 miles deep running back to the right bank of the Dnieper. _ On their entire front yesterday the (See RUSSIA. Page A~8j WPB Sanctions Baby Carriages Of Prewar Type The War Production Board an nounced today that prewar model baby carriages, strollers, walkers and pushcarts will appear on the market again in about six weeks and that Manufacture of the rather unsatis factory “Victory models” will be abandoned. Officials estimated it will take nearly two months for manufac turers fully to reconvert from pro duction of the war models of wood, the only type permitted to be made since early last year. WPB ex pressed hope that enough material will become available to allow pro duction at the capacity of the in dustry, which is between 750,000 and 800.000 baby carriages and 650,000 of the other baby vehicles per year. Officials explained it was possible to return to prewar specifications because of the greater amount of eteel available. Big Force of Flying Fortresses Bombs Capital of Bulgaria Attack Follows Pola Raid in First Assault By Heavy Bombers From Italian Bases Ey the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers, Jan. 10.—A heavy force of American Flying Fortresses bombed Sofia, the capital of Bul garia, today. The packed formations swept in about noon, it was announced, for the fifth heavy bomber assault in two months on the German-con trolled capital. Tlie raid was a close follow-up to yesterday's first announced Fortress operation from Italian bases, when the port and naval base at Pola in the Northern Adriatic area was hit severely. Sofia is a rail center for German troop and supply movements in Yugoslavia. Rumania and Bulgaria, while Pola is a shipping center used by the Germans to supply their Yugoslav front. No further details of the Sofia bombing were made available im mediately. "A heavy force of Flying Fort resses of the 15th Air Force bombed Sofia, capital of Bulgaria, at noon today.” said the brief two-line spe cial air communque announcing the attack. In the attack on Pola, the Fort !resses, escorted by Lightnings, swept down on the target, dropping their bombs on the harbor area, dry docks and nearby factories. One of the explosions threw flames and debris 1.000 feet in the air. De layed explosions still were shaking the port as the Fortresses turned away from the target. Pola, once an important naval station of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, is one of the three main supply ports through which the Germans push their supplies to Nazi divisions in the Balkans. Returning Fortress crewmen said their bombs plastered the entire harbor area and one merchant vessel in the port was believed to have been hit. Submarine pens in the harbor also may have been damaged, they said. A number of enemy fighter planes were sighted, but they made no attempt to attack and anti aircraft fire was comparatively mild. "We caught Jerry at lunch," said Lt. Joseph A. Jones of Colorado Springs, Colo. "The flak was light and late. I saw more fires and heavy explosions today than at any other time." Like Trieste and Fiume, Pola is ■ See'SOFIA. Page A-5.) War Outcome Hinges On Battles in Russia, Nazi Spokesman Says Asserts World Will Be Amazed When It Learns Of Soviet Reserves By PAUL GHALI, Foreign Correspondent of The Star and Chicago Daily News. BERN, Jan. 10.—“The outcome of this war now depends on the battles in the east, not on the comparatively insignificant fight ng in Italy nor on the eventual second front,” a Berlin spokes nan told foreign correspondents at a week-end conference at the Berlin War Office. Commenting on the seriousness of the situation after the fall of Kirovograd, the spokesman added: “These are the decisive battles of this war. When the world learns the amount of reserves in men and material the Russians have thrown into the field, the world will be amazed.” Berlin dispatches today give .two directly opposed interpretations to the statements, which do not attempt to gloss over the appalling situation facing the German armies. The first one is that the Nazis, despite their numerical inferiority, are ready to wage a final battle before Russian troops approach dangerously near the Reich’s fron tiers. Germany intends to put into the field the reserves it, too, boasts of having in vast quantities. Hint of General Retreat. Another interpretation is that the declaration forecast a general re treat on the whole front, now 500 kilometers (310 miles) long. This second interpretation was confirmed by a further Berlin statement, ac cording to which the Wehrmacht henceforth will apply its former tactics of an ‘elastic defense” and will not hesitate to “correct” the front even on a larger scale than previously if this can prevent the (See GERMAN, Page A-5.) Yugoslavs Name Krek On Allied Commission By the Associated Press. CAIRO. Jan. 10.—Mihajlo Krek. a Slovenian who has headed the exiled Yugoslav Government In formation Bureau here, has been appointed to represent King Peter on the inter-Allied Mediterranean Commission. Krek formerly served in the pre war cabinet of Milan Stovadinovic in 1938 and in the cabnet of Dragisa Cvetkovic, who was thrown out in a coup in March, 1939, before the German invasion of Yugoslavia. The United States, Britain, Russia, France and Yugoslavia are now rep resented on the Mediterranean Commission. Greece has yet to ap point a representative. Allied Bombers Aid Marines in Bitter Borgen Bay Fighting Ground Forces Renew Drive to Clear Japs i From Gloucester Area By the Associated Press. ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD QUARTERS, New Guinea. Jan. 10.—Bitter ground fighting is raging in Northwestern New Britain, with Allied bombers supporting the United States marines’ renewed push to clear the Japanese from the Borgen Bay area near Cape Gloucester. Bombers concentrated 58 tons of explosives on enemy forward posi tions, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's communique said today. A head quarters spokesman said the battle was resumed Friday after a lull, and the high command announced that the marines had reached Hill 660 in an advance of a mile and three quarters and had killed 200 Japa nese. Hill 660, an artillery observation point, is south of Silimati Point, where marines landed December 26. Ground patrol clashes also were reported in the hills in the air drome area farther west, today's I communique said. Marines captured , the airdrome December 30, four days after the invasion began. 10 Jap Planes Shot Down. Bombers and fighters of the South Pacific Command struck enemy in I stallations at Cape St. George on the southern tip of New Ireland. : The target area is across narrow St. George Channel from Rabaul. Japanese stronghold in Northeast Ned Britain. Stiff enemy interception of the attack Friday gave evidence the Japanese will resist desperately any attack that might eventually soften a new landing spot for a flanking assault on Rabaul. At least 10 Japanese interceptors were shot down and probably two others. Six of our planes were lost. Bombers struck also at the pro tective airdromes of Rabaul itself. Liberators bombed Vunakanau air drome in the morning and Aus tralian Beauforts pounded Lakunai and Tobera airdromes at night. The dispersal areas were left aflame, the communique said. Neither Japanese nor Allied plane losses were mentioned. In raids in the preceding 15 days, however, more than 190 Japanese planes had been downed in the Rabaul area. (A Tokio broadcast today said ^150 Allied planes attacked Ra *baul yesterday morning and made the wholly unconfirmed claim that 52 aircraft “including 19 prob ables" were shot down from the assaulting formations. The broad cast, quoting an imperial head quarters communique, added that (See PACIFIC~~Page A-8.) Mental Cases in Pentagon Area Increasing; May Get D. C. Aid A dirico/i tVxfll'A in TTI^.. T-» • , . . .. Advised mere is an increasing number of woman Government workers living or employed in the Pentagon area who are suf fering from mental disturbances and for whom adequate facilities are lacking, Chairman Randolph of the House District Committee today moved to open District in stitutions to them. At the request of the Mental Health Subcommittee of the District Medical Society he introduced a bill to apply District laws to mental cases found on properties owned or occupied by the United States in "the no man’s land area" and to make available District facilities for care of such patients. The area affected, it was explained, would include the Pentagon Building, the Navy Annex Building, the Arlington *nia uummones ana ine Wash ington National Airport. Theodore Wiprud, secretary of the Medical Society, said the society's subcommittee, which is headed by Dr. Winfred Overholser, superin tendent of St. Elizabeth's Hospital, had agreed action should be taken at once to meet a situation which was described as “potentially dan gerous.” Mr. Wiprud reported the group had conferred with Dr. Irma Bache a psychiatrist at the Pentagon, and Dr. Beatrice Berle, a surgeon with the United States Public Health Service, who reported that during June, July and August of last year house directors of the residence halls had reported 30 cases which required special attention. The patients were found to be suffer (See PENTAGON, Page A-5.) Americans Seize Peak Overlooking Road to Cassino (Map on Page A-3.) By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers, Jan. 10. — Fifth Army forces bit deeper today into the tough defense belt of Cassino, with American troops plunging 'forward in a two-mile advance northeast of the stronghold and the British crossing the Peccia River and firmly holding a bridgehead to the southwest of the town. In a thrust from Mount Maio the Americans battered their way through strong opposition and cap tured the 3,500-foot peak of Catena jVecchio overlooking the road from i fallen San Vittore to Cassino. Despite intense artillery fire, the British clung to the bridgehead they j forged across the Peccia west of Mount Maggiore near the western end of the 10-mile offensive front of Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark's 5th Army. Gen. Clark's troops also occupied other heights preparatory to an as sault directly on Cassino itself. seize 1,300-Foot Peak. Americans captured 1,500-foot Mount Chiaia, south of the Cassino road, and still farther south they completed occupation of 900-foo't Mount Porchia by mopping up sur viving Germans intrenched on the mountain's western slopes after tanks had entered actively into the push. (A field dispatch Saturday said a group oi American troops led by Capt. Ralph C. Fisher of Hyattsville, Md., had pushed to the peak of Mount Porchia in a battle which opened at 8 p.m. Tuesday and held their ground against counterattacks by nu merically superior enemy forces. A statement that the 5th Army had won the mountain proved premature.) The Americans thus overlooked the village of Cervaro, 4 miles due east of Cassino, both from the north and south. The troops who captured Mount Chiaia continued their advance northward toward Cervaro, support ed by fighter-bombers which at tacked German positions. Capture of the village of Giusto in this area was announced yesterday. Snows Curb 8th Army. Deep snows in the mountainous sectors of the 8th Army front re stricted fighting to patrol activity and heavy artillery and mortar fire exchanges. Practically even' peak in the mountainous section of Italy along the 5th Army front blazed with battle, and an American or British flag was planted at the crest of each only at heavy cost. Field guns arched their shells at the enemy in virtually a steady rum ble and supporting aircraft swooped low, but only direct hits could pene trate the deep and solidly placed Nazi defenses. The weight of the battle rested heavily on the shoulders of the infantrymen and they ad vanced by plunging through ma chine gun fire and minefields and dislodging the Germans from deep | trenches and dugouts, one by one. Dispatches from the front yester day said the Germans had brought up strong reinforcements and had sent a series of counterattacks with out avail against various points of the advancing 5th Army line. Port of Ancona Bombed. The air command said medium bombers attacked the port of Ancona on Italy's east coast, while fighter bombers bombed and shot up trains and motor transport back of the battle line in the Aquila area. The score of aircraft destroyed during the day tvas even, one Ger man plane against one Allied craft missing. RAF night bombers struck anoth er blow at German fighter power in Northern Italy with an attack on the fighter base at Villorba, north of Venice, on Saturday night. Passing over the target at medium altitude, RAF Wellingtons dumped their loads on hangars, workshops and barracks. Crew members re ported seeing at least 11 fires and explosions in the darkness. American Spitfires, sweeping along the coasts of Southern France and Northwest Italy, scored near misses on an enemy destroyer off Toulon Saturday and caused pieces of a small liner to fly into the air from two hits amidships during an attack off San Pietro. I Air Attacks From Britain Limited to Small Forays By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 10.—Allied air activity against continental targets from British bases over the week end simmered down to small-scale forays and none was announced im mediately for last night, although radio silence in Vichy suggested at tacks in that area. Maintaining the record that has sent aircraft to the attack on Ger many every night since the New Year, however, RAP Mosquito bombers again attacked the West ern Reich Saturday night. Berlin said the ancient city of Aachen was the target. American heavy bombers have been idle since Friday’s strong as sault into Southwest Germany which neutral reports described as a “death blow” to chemical plants at Ludwigshafen. The RAF’s heavy bombers were out in force last Wednesday, raiding the Baltic port of Stettin. New Deal Assailed As GOP Meeting Opens Amid Strife Campaign Headquarters Set Up for at Least 3 Potential Nominees SPANGLER "SURVEY'’ OF TROOPS may bring inquiry by Army. Story on Page A-9. By GOULD LINCOLN, St»r Staff Correspondent. CHICAGO, Jan. 10 —With Na tional Chairman Harrison E. Spangler blasting at the New Deal, a joint meeting of the Republican National Committee and the Republican State chair men and vice chairmen got under way today with plans for the coming campaign. "The present administration," Mr. Spangler said, "stands before the country in the midst of a desperate war without a successful policy in the vital matters of food, wages, prices, or financing. "It has lost the confidence of Congress and of the people.” While the committeemen and State chairmen were meeting to discuss plans for the coming na tional political campaign, a strong current of intraparty strife over the presidential nomination was run ning swiftly. Dress Rehearsal. Indeed. Chicago today witnessed a dress rehearsal for the national convention itself. Campaign head quarters were set up for at least three of the potential nominees— Gov. Bricker of Ohio, Wendell L. Willkie and former Gov. Stassen of Minnesota, now in the Navy. A listening post—at least—for Gov. Dewey of New York is presided over by National Committeeman J. Rus sell Sprague and State Chairman Edwin F. Jaeckle, both of New York. What the New' Yorkers heard about the desires of many of the Republicans to draft Gov. Dewey for the presidential nomination cer tainly did not cast down their spirits. "We want Dewey” was the theme song of many of them. It was their prediction that if the convention were to be held today, the New Yorker would be nominated—even though he has said again and again he is not a candidate. What the situation will be six months from now. however, some of them ad (See LINCOLN, Page A-9.> Resolution Sought to Bar 'Inflammatory' Campaign By th4 Associated Press. CHICAGO. Jan. 10.—H. Alexander Smith, Republican national commit teeman for New Jersey, said last night he was preparing a resolution for submission to a committee of the Republican Postwar Advisory Council calling on both major parties to keep out of the next cam paign “anything that will inflame the people from a personal, racial or religious standpoint.” Mr. Smith said he had considered offering such a resolution to the party's National Committee meeting here tomorrow, but decided since this was not a policy-framing body it would be better to put it up to the Advisory Council group considering platform recommendations at some future time. Members of Congress Banned From Service in Armed Forces President Writes Stimson and Knox Calling Dual Role Unconstitutional President Roosevelt announced today that the Secretaries of War and Navy have been in structed “that duly elected mem bers of Congress, as such, may not serve in the active compo nents of the armed services.” The President explained his action is based on a ruling by the Attorney General that under the Constitution "it is improper for members of the Congress to serve in the armed forces.” • Mr. Roosevelt also expressed the opinion that the election of these members of Congress, after war had been declared, "showed that their constituents believed that their serv ice as legislators was their para mount contribution to the war effort.” Resignations Expected. While the President's statement was not specific on this particular point, its tenor indicates that mem bers of Congress desiring to join the Army and Navy must resign. It did not mention those who al ready have entered the armed serv ices. Apparently only three House members were immediately affected by the President's order. Repre sentative Gore. Democrat, of Ten nessee recently volunteered and now is on furlough with orders to report at Camp Shelby. Miss., Janu ary 19. Mr. Gore, youngest member of Tennessee's delegation, is 36. married and has one child. "All I can do is what I am or dered to do,” Mr. Gore said. Another member is Representa tive Jackson, Democrat, of Wash ington. a private in a tank destroyer unit stationed at Fort McClellan. Ala. The third. Representative Do mengaux. Democrat, of Louisiana recently asked his draft board tc tSee LEG ! S LA TO R S. Pa g e "" .A - 9T~ Second Conviction Of Viereck Upheld By Appeals Court Tribunal Declares Nazi Agent Was Sentenced After Fair Trial The United States Court of Appeals today affirmed the sec ond District Court conviction of George Sylvester Viereck, Nazi propagandist who was sentenced last July to serve one to five years on charges of violating the For eign Agents Registration Act. Viereck's first conviction was voided by the Supreme Court nearly a year ago, but the Justice Depart ment obtained a new indictment and the isolationist author was found guilty by a District Court jury in the second trial. He also was 1 of 29 defendants named in an indictment returned here last week charging conspiracy to bring about the Na tional Socialist form of government in the United States and to incite mutiny in the armed forces. Trial Declared Fair. The appeals court decision today found that Viereck was "properly convicted and sentenced after a fair trial.” Viereck had registered under the Foreign Agents Act, but failed to give details of his activities or to say that he was a representative of the Foreign Office of the German Reich, it was testified at the trial. The Court of Appeals opinion, written by United States Circuit Judge Armistead Dobie, sitting in as a justice of the Court of Appeals, upheld the admissibility of various evidence introduced at Viereck’s trial. The Appeals Court upheld Dis trict Court in overruling a demurrer to the indictment. In the demur rier, Viereck, through his attorneys, John J. Wilson and Leo A. Rover, appointed by the court to defend him. had attacked the indictment as being faulty. Safeguards Were Waived. The court found that Viereck's constitutional rights had not been violated through his having been (See VIERECK. Page A-8.) Supreme Court Refuses to Act In Red Caps' Bargaining Case The Supreme Court refused today to reconsider a decision which was challenged on the ground that it deprived Negroes of the right to select their own representatives for collective bargaining. The vote was 8-1, with Justice Rutledge being ‘‘of opinion that the petition should be granted, the case restored to the docket and set for argument.” “If this interpretation of the Rail way Labor Act prevails,” the tribunal was told, “the plight of the Negro in the interstate railway labor field is hopeless.” Reconsideration was sought of the ; court's December 6 decision reversing | a ruling by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Co ! lumbia that 45 porters of the St. I Paul (Minn.) Union Depot Co., who were excluded from one labor or ganization because they were Ne groes, had a right to select another union to represent them. This action left in effect a decision by the National Mediation Board that the porters were not a craft or class of employes and could not select their own representatives. The Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, which denies Ne groes full membership, claims that a collective bargaining contract It (See SUPREME COURT, Page A-5.) Early Action Vital On Two Problems ! Pending in Congress Must Reach Decision Soon on Subsidies and Security Tax Freeze Ey the Associated Press. Congress reassembled today with two definite deadlines star ing members in the face and pressure mounting for action on half a dozen other legislative problems. By February 17, the lawmakers must decide what to do about food subsidies and the Commodity Credit Corp., w-hich administers them. Stopgap legislation enacted just be fore the holiday recess extended the life of the CCC until that date. Less than twTo weeks later, by March, a decision must be reached on the Social Security pay roll tax rates, frozen by emergency legisla tion at their present level of 1 per cent each on employers and em ployes for the first two months of this year. Without the legislation, the tax would have advanced auto matically to 2 per cent on January 1. May Call Up Bill Tomorrow. The Senate Finance Committee adopted an amendment to the pend ing $2,275,600,000 tax increase bill extending the freeze throughout 1944, and Chairman George an nounced it would get first consid eration when the revenue measure is called up—possibly tomorrow. I . The opening day program was little beyond formalities. Less than 100 members were in their seats in the House 'when Speaker Rayburn called the chamber (See CONGRESS, Page A-9.) D. C. Loses Fight To Tax Estate of 27-Year Resident The Supreme Court held today that the District of Columbia could not collect inheritance taxes on the -state of Charles F. Pace, former financial clerk of the Senate, al though he had lived here for 27 years. The tax was challenged by his sister, Miss Elizabeth C. Pace, 1869 Wyoming avenue N.W., who declared ;hat, despite her brother’s long resi dence here, he actually was ’’domi :iled” at their former home in Flor ida at the time of his death in 1940. The Supreme Court did not pass on the domiciliary issue, but said | simply that the United States Court j of Appeals had been within its I rights in reversing the Board of I Tax Appeals which held the estate liable for the tax. The decision, i which was unanimous, was read by | Justice Jackson. Justices Black and Rutledge did not participate in the case. Approximately $605 was involved in this particular case, but there was another piece of litigation con nected with the Pace estate involv ing $18,000 that was held in abey ance pending the Supreme Court's action. Congress Meets; Message to Be Sent Tomorrow President to Broadcast Condensed Version of Speech at 9 P.M. By J. A. FOX. President Roosevelt, on the advice of his physician, will send his annual message to Congress at noon tomorrow rather than deliver it in person, and then will broadcast a condensed version to the country tomorrow night, Press Secretary Stephen T. Early announced today as the second session of the Seventy-eighth Congress opened. Because of the cold and grippe which has kept the President away from his office for nearly two weeks Rear Admiral Ross T. Mclntire, hts personal physician, asked Mr. Roose velt not to deliver his State of the Union message in person. The Pres ident deferred to this suggestion but decided to go on the air with a shortened version of the speech. All networks are expected to carry the speech between 9 and 9:30 p.m. Wants to Prevent Relapse. Mr. Early said Admiral Mclntire did not want the President to run the risk of a possible recurrence of his illness. Mr. Roosevelt has delivered his last three annual messages to Con gress in person. The message is expected to deal to a major degree with domestic prob lems, and Mr. Roosevelt's decision to go on the air underscored the importance he assigns them. Mr. Early had nothing to say on the contents of the message. Asked about reports that the President would ask for national service legis lation, he replied: “That has been commented on very generally, and I do not like to say with the message comyrg so soon.” The Chief Executive remained at the White House today, but kept a number of engagements. He ar ranged to see congressional leaders at 4 o'clock this afternoon to discuss prospects for the session. This hour was suggested by Speaker Rayburn, , who wanted to have the work of Congress organized before the con ference, Mr. Early said. Hull Luncheon Guest. The Psesident lunched with Sec retary of State Hull and at 2 o’clock was to see Secretary of the Navy Knox and Chairman Vinson of the House Naval Adairs Committee. Mr. Roosevelt will not hold his usual budget seminar with news men in advance of the delivery of the budget message this year. In stead, the session will be conducted by Budget Director Harold D. Smith and Wayne Coy. assistant director. The time has been tentatively set for 4 o’clock Wednesday afternoon and the budget message will go to Congress Thursday. — Von Mannsfein Reported Seen in Vienna in Mufti By the Associated Press. STOCKHOLM. Jan. 10. — The Swedish newspaper Aftontidningen quoted a private informant today as saying Marshal Fritz von Mann stein had been seen on January 2 in civilian clothing in Vienna, an indieaticm that he no longer is in 1 command of German forces on the southern front in Russia. In the last week there have been a number of rumors that Von Mannstein had been relieved after a dispute with Adolf Hitler, but | confirmation so far has been im 1 possible. Aftontidningen said it was ru mored that Marshal Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt, heretofore in command of the invasion coast of Fiance, w'ould be Von Mannstein's successor. Marshal Erwin Rommel has been taking an increasingly prominent role in German prepa rations to counter an Allied inva i sion from the west. It was recalled here that Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch. former German commander in chief of the army, and Marshal Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb. a former German com mander in the east, first turned up , in Vienna after their dismissals where it was presumed their ap pearance would attract less atten tion. Late Bulletin Nazis 'Condemn' Ciano LONDON iJP).—A German news agency broadcast an nounced tonight that Count Galeazzo Ciano. son-in-law of Benito Mussolini and Italy's Foreign Minister when the country was led into war at the side of Germany, had been sentenced to death at a Nazi - sponsored “treason trial.” Wartime Strikes Is Forum Subject What to do to stop wartime strikes will be discussed in the ' National Radio Forum this evening by Senator Reed of Kansas and Representative Ji , Smith of Virginia. The speaJto^* ers will be introduced My Edward Boykin, director jpf the National Radio Forup^ The National Radio Foimm is a Blue Network feature, arranged by The Evening Star and broadcast locally over The Evening Star Station, WMAL, at 10:30 o’clock.