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WASHINGTON, D. C. ' • Wm&SBWUm HMW . SEW M ■'9 -• =’v,.,-,v;r • ? . ■ -- -y: 1111.. . ........... ... SOCIETY AND GENERAL JANUARY 11, 1944. ** B Proposed Dams Offer Threaf To Greaf Falls Park Commission And Army Engineers Plan Friday Parley Possibility of building one or two dams below Great Falls, and others upstream in the Potomac River, for flood control, water power, water supply and recreation purposes will be discussed in a conference Friday between officials of the Army en gineers’ District office, and the National Capital Park and Planning Commission, it was learned today. The engineers who are making the study, will bring the matter before the commission prior to completion of a comprehensive study of the Po tomac River and its tributaries, be ing made under authority of a 1936 flood-control act. The conference, it is understood, will dwell on problems concerned with waters in the District and nearby territory. The National Park Service and Interior Department are understood to be concerned also be cause the park service owns the C. <fo O. Canal from Washington to Cum berland. Md. It was purchased sev eral years ago for its historic, scenic and recreational value. Big dams in the river might flood parts of the canal. The conference will be of a pre liminary nature, inasmuch as the engineer’s report is not yet con cluded. It is being "rushed” to com pletion and may be ready in the spring. It will be submitted to the regional engineer’s office, and after being reviewed there will go to the chief of Army engineers. One of the dams under consider ation would be located in the vicinity of Chain Bridge. This would back up the river into the Potomac gorge to form a big lake, mundating much land on either shore. It probably would obliterate part of the C. & 6. Canal in that vicinity. If the dam were erected higher than the present Chain Bridge it would replace the bridge and'carry a highway along the top of the high level dam. Two or three sites have been un der consideration, it is understood, for the next dams upstream. There had been talk of one at Carderock. or at so-called Widewater. both of which are south of Great Palls. These probably would back the water up to the precipice which is Great Falls itself. Another planvwas for a dam across the Potomac just above Great Falls, which would back the river up for many miles. £ome estimates said it might form a lake almost as far upstream as Harper's Ferry. The location of a dam above Great Falls would be designed to preserve the beauty of Great Falls, according to its proponents. But, on the other, hand, it is feared by champions ofi :he beauty of Great Falls that so 1 little water would be left to trickle over the rocky precipice that it would ruin the scenic grandeur of the waterfall, which is rated as one of the outstanding features of its kind in this part of the country. Construction of other dams far ther upstream and in the tribu-1 taries of the Potomac would be for flood control and power purposes and would serve cities and agricul tural communities far distant from Washington. Opposition Develops. Some opposition is developing to the proposal for any more dams in Washington and immediate vicinity. Among those who were reported to day to be opposed to the projects here is Frederick Law Olmsted, for mer member of the Park and Plan ning Commission, who now is an ad viser to National Capital Parks. Mr. Olmsted made a survey of the gorge of the Potomac with a view to its scenic and recreation value many years ag<V It is understood he strongly opposes construction of any dams near Washington now. Other opponents are understood to oppose such dams because they would spoil the natural scenic gran deur of the gorge and because no further waterpower is needed here at this time. The possibility of hydroelectric power for Washington developed out of the Potomac River has been under consideration for many years but has never reached the stage of construction. The land at Great Falls on both the Virginia and Maryland shores is owmed by the Great Falls Pow'er Co., which in turn is owned by the Potomac Elec tric Power Co. The local power company is understood to take the position it does not need hydro electric power nowr, as it is able to meet the needs not only of hte ex panded National Capital, but also of some large nearby Government projects. Arguments Advanced. Proponents of the dams advance the arguments that they may be needed not only for power, but for flood control, and extra water sup ply for the expanding Capital. They also point to recreational advan tages of huge lakes which would be formed in the Potomac Valley. The Act of 1936 under which the Army engineers are making their investigation provides that any dams constructed must be self-liquidating. Congress provided in 1928 that the Federal Power Commission could not issue permits to any agency for power plants in the Great Falls vicinity without referring the mat ter back to Congress for approval. The Park and Planning Commis sion reported later there was no need for power, and recommended that the gorge of the Potomac should be preserved. Congress au thorized acquisition of both sides of the Potomac River in Maryland and Virginia from Mount Vernon to Great Falls, for development of the so-called George Washington Memorial Parkway. Much of the land has been acquired on the Mary land side, including the canal, and some of it has been purchased on the Virginia shore. Already some opposition has de veloped in civic circles to the pro posed dams. The Association of Oldest Inhabitants of the District of Columbia adopted a resolution on New Year Day "denouncing” the proposal, and is sending its resolu tion on to the Federation of Citizens’ Associations. Leading the civic drive against the dams is James F. Duhamel, corresponding secretary of the Association of Oldest In habitants. The Audubon Society of Washington also is on record op posing the project. ! FOURTH WAR LOAN PLANS MAPPED—Maj. Gen. David N. Grant (right), air surgeon. Army Air Forces, was the guest speaker yesterday at a luncheon meeting in the Mayflower Hotel to discuss plans for the Fourth War Loan Drive here. The picture shows Gen. Grant being greeted by John A. Reilly, chairman of the District War Loan campaign. —Star Staff Photo. Bond Drive Leaders Told of Need to Refit Men for Civilian Life l Kickoff Luncheon Precedes Drive To Begin Tuesday The money lent to the Govern ment in War Bonds will help not only to win the war. but to refit servicemen for their positions in civilian life, Maj. Gen. David N. W. Grant, air surgeon, yesterday told more than 300 business and civic leaders who attended the kickoff luncheon for the Fourth War Loan campaign in the Mayflower Hotel. The campaign begins officially next Tuesday. "We look upon the great day of the armistice with Germany and Japan as the end of the duration,” Gen. Grant said. "I am sorry to suggest that the duration means the period needed to win the war and then to wipe out its cruel effects, whether this takes 5, or 10 or 50 years.” The Army Air Forces surgeon em phasized that "we want every man to go back to civilian life ready to cope with its problems.” The dol lars spent for war bonds, he said, are designed to "bring back the boys from each mission and eventu ally to return them to normal life as useful, healthy and happy citi zens.” Equipment Costly. Gen. Grant observed that most persons had an idea of the cost of a bomber or a fighting ship, but few Americans realized how much of their bond money is needed to buy such items as first aid and emergency kits, oxygen equipment for high-altitude flying, hospital equipment at advanced bases and medicine and drugs important to save lives and relieve suffering. The air surgeon is responsible not only for providing supplies and equipment to men in the Air Forces, but also for the medical research program, rehabilitation plans for convalescents and air evacuation of the sick and injured. John A. Reilly, chairman of the District War Finance Committee, in issuing final instructions to the cam paign workers, declared that “every ounce of energy you put into this campaign, every extra bond you buy, every patriotic rally you conduct, every extra bond you sell, will hasten the hour of victory'.” Mr. Reilly explained that the in crease in the District's quota from $94,000,000 during the last drive to $95,000,000 this time, despite a drop of $1,000,000,000 in the national goal, was based on a study by Treasury officials. Factors considered, he said, were income of the people, deposits of individuals, partnerships and cor porations in our banks, resources of insurance companies, and the fact that substantial investors will again be able to subscribe for their limit of Series E, F and G bonds. Order Must Be Obeyed. “In any event," he said, "as an army on the home front, we have received an order from our superior officer. It must be our privilege as good soldiers to obey." The importance of concentrating on sales of bonds to individuals was emphasized by Robert V. Fleming, president of Riggs National Bank and a member of the Executive Committee of the local War Finance Committee. Mr. Fleming pointed out that individuals in the District will be expected to by $53,000,000 of the total quota. During the last drive, he recalled, the quota for individual purchases was $50,000,000. of which only $45,300,000 was actually raised. “The main objective,” he said, “is to siphon off excess purchasing power resulting from rising national income in the hands of individuals.” The "inflationary gap" (excess of purchasing power over taxes paid, goods and services available) will be about $47,000,000,000 in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1944 compared with about $34,000,000,000 in the fis cal year ended last June. Bond purchases, he said, must come largely from persons earning between $2,000 and $10,000 a year. Music for the luncheon was pro vided by the Navy School of Music Band. Quota Put at $5,500,000,000. Meanwhile, the Treasury an nounced that the national quota for sales to individuals would be $5,500,000,000, which is $500,000,000 more than the quota for the bond drive lpt September and $123,000, 000 above the amount actually sub scribed during the last campaign. The quota for sales to individuals in Maryland was set at $93,000,000— $9,000,000 more than the quota for the Third War Loan drive, but $2, 000.000 less than the amount ac tually raised last time. The Vir ginia goal was pegged at $78,000,000, which is $4,000,000 more than the previous quota and $10,000,000 more than the amount actually sold in September. Quotas were reduced in only 10 ■Hotel Clerk Confesses Theft of $2,600 Ring Comalee Pfeiffer, 28, of the 3500 block of Eleventh street N.E. plead ed guilty to charges involving grand larceny of a ring valued at $2,600 from the Ebbitt Hotel, where she was employed as a clerk, when ar raigned today before United States Commissioner Needham C. Turnage. Bond was set at $500. She was arrested by two District policemen at Richmond last night. She is accused, police said, of hav ing sold the ring to a local jewelry store for $900. The ring and $700 were recovered, police said. The ring was taken from a pack age belonging to a jewelry salesman, according to police. Lost Soldier's Pet Dog Being Sent to Home Here Stonewall Jackson the Rebel, the Boston terrier which flew on 20 combat missions in a bomber, may be on his way to the home of his master alone. The family of Sergt, Raymond Katz, at 4918 Ninth street N.W., has been informed that the dog, called Rebel for short, is being sent here from San Francisco by special re quest of the lost soldier's squadron. Mis. Milton Katz, who was in formed of her son's death on No vember 11, said the family knew all about the dog, although Mr. and Mrs. Katz have never seen it. Her son bought him as a puppy just be fore leaving this country and men-! tioned him regularly in letters home I from the South Pacific. Sergt. Katz sent a picture of his pet and even his “paw print,” < In the letter from an Army chap- ! lain, consoling the family on the' death of Sergt. Katz, the family was assured trat Rebel was well and under good care. Mrs. Katz said she understood Rebel was left behind when the bomber on which Sergt, Katz was a gunner made its 21st flight. The bomber did not return. Gallinger Will Accept Blood Donations for Boy Gallinger Hospital will receive blood donations for 4-year-old Billy i Meers, victim of chronic nephritis, at Baylor Hospital. Dallas, Tex., Dr. Daniel L. Seckinger. acting superin- 1 tendent, announced today. Arrangements were made at Gal linger yesterday after numerous in quiries at the Red Cross Blood Donor Center and mobile units from per sons wishing to make donations. Because of the heavy demand on the hospital's blood bank by its own patients, Dr. Seckinger said dona tions would have to be received be fore plasma could be sent. Red Cross officials here feel there are adequate supplies of plasma at the donor center in Dallas and that the situation is a “local” one there. Billy has required 227 pints of blood since September. When avail able supplies of blood ran low at the Baylor Hospital, an appeal was sent out all over the country. It is un deistood that there has been a gen erous response. Nephritis, a kidney disease, was described by Dr. Seckinger as a “very common cause” of death in older people. It is rare among children, he added. Records at the Health Department show two deaths from the disease on Saturday and two yesterday. Blair-Lee House Being Fitted for State Guests % The Federal Government has be gun to rehabilitate the Blair-Lee House on Pennsylvania avenue op posite the State Department to pro vide additional facilities for dis j tinguished visitors to the United States and thus help relieve the housing shortage. The Blair-Lee HouSe. next door i to the Blair House, will accommo date visiting delegates to confer ences, holders of travel grants, pro cessors and others for‘whom ade quate hospitality facilities previ ously have not been available, the i State Department said. of the 51 war loan districts, while five districts had their goals un changed from those of last fall. The Treasury also reported that 100.000 Boy Scouts would be en listed to distribute bond posters in retail stores in 2,900 cities next Saturday—three days before the campaign formally gets under way. The posters will carry the slogan, “Buying a Bond Is No Sacrifice.” Appointment of Edgar Morris, chairman of the Board of Trade Greater National Capital Commit tee, as head of the Business Divi sion in the District's Fourth War Loan drive was announced yester day by Mr. Reilly. Mr. Morris urged local residents not to wait until they are asked to purchase bonds but to go to an issuing agent "and fulfill their obli gations to our fighting forces." D. C. Board Gets 7,500 'Outside' Draft Cases New Set of Orders Issued to Employers On Replacements By MIRIAM OTTENBERG. The cases of more than 7,500 men working in the District, but granted deferments by draft boards in other areas, have been sent to the District appeal board for review, it was learned today. These are expected to be the van guard of a much larger number of cases. Draft boards throughout the country were instructed to forward the cases by January 10, but since the cases are channeled through State headquarters, it may be a week or more, it was said, before all the cases arrive here. The Appeal Board, enlarged by two more panels, will have to decide whether the local boards were justi fied in granting the deferments.1 The names of members to staff the two additional panels have been recommended by District Selective Service Director Leahy and now await approval from national head quarters and the District Commis sioners. insirucnons issued. Meanwhile, the attitude of Dis trict headquarters toward occupa tional deferments was indicated in the new instructions issued by Mr. Leahy to plants seeking to renew their replacement schedules by which men are deferred for a speci fied period until they can be re placed and are then withdrawn for service in the armed forces. Here are some of the main fea tures of those instructions: L Older men will be retained in industry longer than those in the younger age brackets and non fathers must be scheduled for release ahead of fathers if other factors are reasonably comparable. 2. Nonfathers employed since the current replacement schedules went into effect cannot be considered for deferment and must be scheduled for release in the first month of the renewed schedules unless they are skilled in critical work. Can Consider Fathers. 3. Newly-hired fathers, however, can be considered for deferment if | they are over 25 years of age. were employed before receiving their 1-A notice and are engaged in a shortage ! occupation of the type not ordinar I ily performed by women or men over ! 38 years of age. 4. All employes scheduled for re lease during the current six-month schedule who have not yet been in ducted must be scheduled for im-' mediate release in the first month of the renewed schedule and at least a portion of those who were granted a replacement period of "more than i six months” must be scheduled for release during the run of the new schedule. Employers were reminded that in estimating their ability to release men. they should remember that one-third of all registrants are re jected when they come up for in duction. so that some of the men they release may come back to them. 53 Schedules Operative. It was indicated, however, that men who are not scheduled for re lease during the next six-month | period probably will hold their jobs for the duration because by that time employers will be down to “rock-bottom" and won’t be able to release any more skilled men. Fifty-three replacement sched ules, affecting a total of 48.510 em ployes, are in effect in the District. Of the total workers, 14.126 are draft eligibles. of which 6.700 are fathers and 7,300 are nonfathers. Among the schedules are six in the Washington Navy Yard, seven in the Navy Department itself, one each in the Navy Research Labora tory and Naval Observatory and the remainder in private industry here. __ Fire Slightly Damages Chevy Chase Post Office i Fire slightly damaged the Chevy Chase iMd.) Post Office and Citizens' Committee Building. 5908 Connecti cut avenue today. Smouldering logs left overnight in the fireplace of the library reading room, which occupies part of the building, are believed to have ignited structural woodwork. Patrolman M. K. Roberson of the Chevy Chase Police Department dis covered the blaze and summoned the Bethesda and Chevy Chase Volun teer Fire Companies. Daily Rationing ^3 Reminders^ Canned and Frozen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4, green stamps D, E and F valid through January 20. Stamps G. H and J valid through February 20. Meats, Fats, Etc. — Book No. 3, brown stamps R, S and T valid through January 29. Book No. 4, spare stamp No. 2 good for five points of fresh pork and sausage through January 15. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay you two ration points for every pound of waste kitchen fats you turn in. Sugar—Stamp 29 in Book No. 4 good for 5 pounds through January 15. Stamp 30 valid for 5 pounds Jan uary 16. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 in Book No. 1 and stamp 1 on the "airplane” sheet of Book No. 3 valid now for an indefinite period. Gasoline—No. 8 A coupons good for 3 gallons each until February 8. B, B-l, C and C-l coupons good for 2 gallons each. These coupons will expire on date indicated on individual books. B-2 and C-2 coupons in books issued since De cember 1 are good for 5 gallons each. Tire Inspection Deadlines—For A coupon holders, March 31. Fuel Oil—Period No. 2 coupons, valid now, expire February 8. Period No. 3 coupons, valid now, remain valid through March 14. No. 2 and 3 coupons good for 10 gallons peiv unit. According to the Dis trict OPA. consumers in this area should not have used more than 43 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil ration as of January 10. Randolph Asks Views on Care Of Mentally III Requests Advice On Patients From 'No-Man's Land' By DON S. WARREN. District officials were invited today by Chairman Randolph of the House District Committee to give their views on his bill to apply District laws and to open District institu tions to the care of mentally sick persons found in Government build ings in the "no-man’s land’’ area along the Virginia shore. The emergency measure, intro duced yesterday at the request of the Mental Health Subcommittee of the District Medical Society, leaves unsettled the question as to who would pay the hospital bills for per sons not found to be legal residents of the District. Plans Immediate Study. Mr. Randolph said he would make an immediate study of this question and that there would be time to insert proper provisions before the bill comes up for action. He added he would welcome the advice of the Commissioners and other interested parties. Budget Office Walter L. Fowler said he felt the cost in such cases should be borne by the United States if the States would not accept the charge; that he could see no reason why the costs of care and mainte nance of non-District residents should be placed on District tax payers, although agreeing that lack of mental health facilities in nearby Virginia may require some new ar rangements. Under District law, lndigents of this jurisdiction are given free hos pital care, but a graded scale of charges is provided for those found able to pay part or all of the ex penses. After a mental ease has been adjudicated, the court decides who pays the costs of institutional care. Problem Is Actual. That the District's financial prob lem of caring for the insane and mentally defective that come here from all over the country is actual and not theoretical is shown in con gressional hearings on the District! budgets, including that for the past1 fiscal year. At that time Budget Officer Fowler submitted data to the O Mahoney Senate Subcommittee quoting Census Bureau reports for 1937 showing the District had 618 mental patients per 100,000 popula tion, whereas the average for the Nation was but 282.9 per 100.000 He recalled that Dr. Winfred Overholser. superintendent of Si. Elizabeth's Hospital, testifying on the Federal Security Agency bill for 1942, offered two reassn for the large percentage of insane in the District: That the District is urban and ‘'pe culiar conduct” that is permitted in rural areas is not tolerated here, and that since the District is the Nation's Capital many individuals of unsound mind come here to offer their ideas and services to the Fed eral Government. Mr. Fowler stressed that If the jurisdictional residence of these in sane cannot be determined, after their apprehension and commit ment to St. Elizabeth’s, they remain as charges to the District. The cost of "District” patients at St. Eliza beth's Hospital this fiscal year is $3,250,080. He made the point also that relatives of persons found of unsound mind prefer that they be cared for at St. Elizabeth's, ‘“the best hospital in all the world,” and. consequently "they are dumped on the District of Columbia.” It was explained on the Senate side of the Capitol that in one re spect handling of mental cases— the new Randolph bill was similar in purpose to that of Chairman Mc Carran of the Senate District Com mittee which would apply all Dis trict laws to the federally owned properties in nearby Virginia. Child, Clothes Afire, Saved by Bus Driver Seven-year-old Ruth McDonald, her clothing and hair aflame, was saved from death yesterday after noon by the quick action of a Cap ital Transit bus driver who was walking by her home at 1013 South Carolina avenue S.E. when the child ran screaming out of the front door. The bus driver. Clair E. Hess. 27, of 1360 South Carolina avenue S.E., used his bare hands and overcoat to put out the fire on the shrieking child. Taken to Providence Hospital by a neighbor, Ruth was treated for second-degree bums. Her condi tion was described as fair today. Police today were investigating the circumstances under which the child wras burned. Mr. Hess reported that she and a younger brother and sister has apparently been playing in their kitchen. He said he found a burned broom when he went into the home. The child’s mother, Mrs. James W. McDonald, was not at home at the time of the accident, police said. Ruth's younger brother and sister were said to be too frightened to explain what had occurred. Father Burke to Speak The Rev. Eugene Burke will give the second in the series of lectures on the “Great Fathers of the Church’’ at 8:15 o'clock tonight in the study of the Guild Catholic Library, 1725 Rhode Island avenue N.W. The lectures, presented the second Tuesday of each month, are sponsored by the library. Flyer Leaves on Honeymoon With Bride He Met 5 Days Ago Maj. and Mrs. Harold M. Brecht as they left Takoma Park Baptist Church after their second wedding ceremony last night. —^Star Staff Photo. A bombing squadron commanding officer and his bride are on their’ honeymoon today after being mar ried last night in two wedding cere monies which culminated eight months’ correspondence overseas, a five-day whirlwund courtship and a day of hectic attempts to obtain a marriage license here. The bride was Miss Maxine Volga. 20-year-old daughter of Mrs. John Cox of T22 Sheridan street N.W.. and the bridegroom is Maj. Harold M. Brecht, 23. of Okmulgee. Okla., vet eran of 91 bombing missions over New Guinea. Failure to receive an expected waiver of the three-dav waiting pe riod for a marriage license in the District almost prevented the couple from holding their wedding in Ta koma Park Baptist Church—a cere mony they decided on Sunday after Miss Volga had accepted Maj. Brecht's proposal. The couple considered going to Maryland but were told a 48 hours’ notice is required. Advised that Virginia laws were more lenient, they hurried over to the Arlington Court House, only to be told that since Maxine was only 20, her father s personal consent was nec essary. Here their plans hit another snag, for after Mr Cox had rushed over. it developed that since he was the prospective bride's stepfather, her mother would have to appear. When the last hurdle had been cleared, Miss Volga and Maj.j Brecht were married in Clarendon1 Baptist Church at 7 p.m. Mean while, their friends had been in vited to Takoma Park Baptist Church for the wedding so the couple rushed over, where a second ceremony was performed, followed by a reception. Miss Volga started corresponding with Maj. Brecht after she became friends with his sister, Miss Kath leen Brecht, a fellow worker in the Office of Secretary of War. The couple had never met, however, un til they arrived here last week. The bride is a graduate of Mc Kinley High School and attended Poteet's Business College. Maj. Brecht, who attended the University of Wyoming and com pleted his preflight training at Kelly Field, holds the Distinguished Plying Cross, the Silver Star, Air man s Medal and Oak Leaf Cluster. His bombing squadron was twice cited by the President for outstand ing performances. The couple plan to fly out to Ok lahoma tonight to see Maj. Brecht’s family and then to go on to Miami. Fla , where Maj. Brecht reports Sun day for reassignment. Commissioners Ask Bill for Licensing District Undertakers Tighter Control Sought By Young, Including Set Of Minimum Standards Enactment of a bill to license and regulate the business or profession of funeral direction and embalming in the District was urged on Congress todav by the Commissioners. Such a bill was passed by the Senate July 7. 1942, but failed of action on the House side. In a letter to Chairman McCarran of the Senate District Committee. Commissioner Young explained that under present law "all that one has to do to engage in the business or profession is to register his name with the Health Department, with out any other proof that he is qualified to conduct such business or profession.” The bill would set up minimum standards of education and expe rience for applicants for license, and create a regulatory body of seven members, one to be the health officer or a deputy serving ex-officio. Representative Lesinki. Demo crat, of Michigan, chairman of a House District subcommittee, an nounced hearings would be held Thursday at 10:30 a.m. on an amendment to the District code dealing with negotiable paper, which would make the United States, instead of banks, respon sible for losses when Government pay checks are fraudulently cashed. District Committee Chairman Randolph announced his group was reporting favorably the measure to permit the David Lawrence Pub lications to lay pneumatic tube lines under Twenty-third street N.W. between two buildings of the organization. He expects to ask House action tomorrow. This is one of the many "nui sance” bills with which Congress now must deal because of limita tions on the powers of the Commis sioners. Mr. Randolph soon will seek action on the Hebert measure to give additional powers to the city heads. Mrs. Brookhart Memorial The Women's Society of Christian Service of the Memorial Methodist Church, Hyyattsville. Mri.. will hold a memorial service for Mrs. Smith W. Brookhart. wife of the former Senator from Iowa at 10:30 a.m. to morrow. New Draft Aid Service Given Offices in Information Center The United States Information Center will house the new Draft Aid Center when the service to the families of drafted fathers is launched at the end of this month, Executive Officer Harry P. Somer ville of Civilian War Services an nounced today. The Commissioners have approved use of this space, and Civilian War Services has requested two private offices on the first floor and counter space from which inquirers may be directed to the service, Mr. Somer-j ville said. At the same time. Mr. Somerville announced that as a result of the recent curtailment of civilian de fense activities. Civilian War Serv ices will move from its present offi ces at Toner School, where the regional OCD was located, to the building in front of the District Building, where a ration board is now located. 1 Mrs. Doyle Advises Joint Effort to Cut Juvenile Delinquency Problem Not New, She Reminds Council Of Social Agencies While juvenile delinquency has increased due to stress and strain of war, the problem is not new. Mrs. Henry Grattan Doyle reminded a luncheon meeting of the Council of Social Agencies yesterday. She proposed that all forces of tne community join in a program to reduce the war's efTect on children. Mrs. Doyle, who is chairman of the Board of Education's Advisory Committee on Wartime and Post war Problems of the Child, spoke in a symposium sponsored by the coun cil at the YWCA. Participants in cluded heads of the six subcommit tees. who reviewed their recommen dations. Emphasizes Wartime Task. Mrs. Doyle pointed out that when the city-wide committe was set up the use of the term "juvenile de linquency" was avoided in its title. Dr, Robert L. Haycock, superin tendent of schools, who heads the subcommittee on schools, empha sized that it is "better to talk about the child with wartime problems rather than the problem child.” As a result of the committee’s study, he said, numerous steps al ready have been taken to set up desirable leisure-time activities for pupils, work out means of co operation with parents and organ ize community co-operation. John H. Ihlder. council president, pointed out that several reports drew attention to inadequate hous ing m the District and suggested that the building of an "adequate" number of homes should be recom mended. subcommittees Report. Dr. Frederick E. Rcissig. chair man of the council’s Committee on Juvenile Delinquency, conducted the symposium. Subcommittee heads re poring included Dr. Joseph A. Mur phy, health: the Rev. A. F. Elmes church: Mrs. P. C. Ellett, home: Miss Mildred Terrett, protective services, and C. Melvin Sharpe, recreation Announcement was made of a vol unteer rally to be sponsored by the council's recreation division at 7:30 p.m. Monday in the Interior Audi torium. G. Howland Shaw of the State Department will be the speaker. The Washington section of the Army Emergency Relief Committee was admitted to membership in the council. Senators Plan to Hold Slum Probe Next Week The Senate District subcommittee investigating the work of the Na tional Capital Housing Authority and housing conditions here will be gin public hearings next week, Chairman Burton of the subcommit tee said today. John Ihlder, executive officer of the housing authority, who has pro posed a long-range public housing program to reclaim the District's slums, probably will be the first wit ness, Senator Burton added. District Health Best on Record, '43 Data Hints Improved Facilities Given Credit for Lower Mortality Estimated 1943 figures for death rates in major categories will show that the District either bettered its 1942 mark—the best ir. the records of the Health Department—or that it held its own, it was learned today from health officials. It was also forecast that the gen eral death late of 10.8 per 1.000 population established as a new low here in 1942 was maintained last year. The general death rate in the United States in 1942 was 104 per 1,000 population. "Despite wartime conditions.” de clared Health Officer George C, Ruhland, “preliminary reports in dicate that even lower rates, which are already the lowest in the Dis trict history, can be predicted for 1943, and insofar as death rates are indices, Washington’s health situation is at present most favor able and the future points to further progress." Tabel Shows Trend. The general death rate, and th« death rate for particular causes for 1935, 1942 and the estimated figures for 1943, on the basis of 1.000 popu lation, follows: 1935. 1942. 1943, General death rate: District of Columbia 14.3 10.8 10.8 United States _11 10.4 Infant mortality: District of Columbia 59.2 44.8 40 United States . 55.7 40.4 Maternal mortality: District of Columbia 6.1 2.2 1.8 j United States __ 5.8 2.6 ; Tuberculosis (Per 100,000): District of Columbia 102.2 72,8 65 United States_ 55 43.1 Pneumonia (Per 100,0001: District of Columbia.131.4 60 60 United States 104.2 55.7 xr the 1943 estimates prove cor rect. the Health Department figures mean that from 1935 through last year, the general death rate in the District dropped 24.5 per cent, com pared with a drop of 5.5 pier cent in the United States from 1935 to 1942. In discussing the Health Depart ment's part in reducing the death rate here since 1935, officials cite a number of factors, such as the estab lishment of a Bureau of Public Health Nursing, under a full-time director, and bureau for tuberculosis, with expanded clinical service; for mation of a bureau of maternal and child welfare, with a steady increase in the number fo maternal and child, hygiene clinics; expansion of the i diphtheria immunization program; addition of a public health engineer to the department's sanitary inspec tion service: establishment of a Bureau of Public Health Instruction; regulations to prevent and control the spread of preventable diseases unaer a law of 1939. and extension of facilities at Glenn Dale and Gal linger for tuberculosis and the Southwest Health Center. Aursing Service Expands. Tlie generalized nursing service, : established in November, 1936, as a Bureau of Public Health Nursing, has increased from 36 nurses to an authorized 165 last year. A Tuber culosis Bureau was set up in 1936, with expansion of clinical service re sulting in 42,972 visits during the fiscal year 1942, compared with 17, 555 in the fiscal year 1936. Since the establishment of the Bureau of Maternal and Child Wel fare in the fall of 1936 the number of maternal hygiene clinics has jumped from three to nine and the number of child clinics from 11 to 15. The number of children im munized against diphtheria in creased three-fold from 1935 to 1942 fand during the same period deaths per 100,000 have dropped from 5 to 0.4. In November, 1936. a public health ; engineer was added to the depart - jment as consultant and aide in san i Station, housing, air conditioning and heating. In June of the fol lowing year the department launched a program for teaching the public the necessity for per sonal hygiene. The latter part of the 1930s also saw a new tubercu losis building and new adult section at Glenn Dale and a pnuemonia control program carried out in co operation with the medical societies, five full-time resident physicians appointed to Gallinger, a house keeper's aide project sponsored to help patients at home and the appointment of a full-time director on the Bureau of Venereal Diseases. In June. 1940, the city's first health center was opened it Delaware ave nue and I street ^S.W., a communi cable disease code was promulgated, and new medical and tuberculosis buildings at Gallinger were opened. Latest additions at Gallinger include a 100-bed venereal disease center for rapid treatment. Committee to Consider Deferment Requests The Committee on Draft Defer ment for the District government scheduled a meeting today to con sider requests of District depart ment heads for deferment of pre Pearl Harbor fathers. Walter L. Fowler, District budget officer and committee chairman, said approved requests would be sent to tire District War Manpower Com mission, for consideration. The re view of the draft status of District employes was ordered as a result of the President's recent order that essential Government workers should be given the same chance for occu pational deferment as those in other industries. Save This Newspaper Many paper mills are shut ting down for lack of waste paper to convert into cartons for Army and Navy supplies shipped overseas. Every pound of old newspapers and maga zines is needed. Telephone your nearest school or notify some school child in your block to have your paper picked up.