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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 19, 1944, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Cloudy, low slightly above freezing. To
morrow fair, moderate temperature.
Temperatures today—Highest, 38, at
1:30 p.m.; lowest, 30, at 12:01 a.m. Yes
terday—Highest, 43, at 3:25 p.m.; low
est, 27, at 7:10 a.m.
Late New York Markets, Page A-19
Guide for Readers
Amusements A-16
Comics _B-18-19
Editorials _A-10
Edit’l Articles A-ll
Finance _A-19
Lost and Found A-3
Obituary .A-12
Radio .B-19
Society ._B-3
Sports .--A-19
Where to G0.--B-8
Woman’s Page B-12
An Associated Press Newspaper
92d YEAR. No. 36,421.
.wnld“rb. THREE CENTS. 2SS™
British Open Western Italy Drive,
Set Up Bridgeheads Across River
Along Key Coastal Road to Rome
A ■ • mm *__
Advancing rorces
Overcome Fierce
Nazi Resistance
(Map on Page A-2.J
Ey the Associated Press.
Algiers, Jan. 19.—British troops
of Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark's 5th
Army, advancing under intense
mortar and machine-gun fire,
have crossed the lower Garigli
ano River at three points con
verging on the ancient Appian
Way, for centuries the main
coastal highway to Rome.
The attack was launched at 9 p.m.
Monday, Allied headquarters an
nounced today, and all three bridge
heads were secured despite violent
enemy resistance, which included a
rain of fire on the river itself, 80
miles southeast of Rome.
Tire first crossing was made near
Suio. a village 7 miles inland from
the Tyrrhenian coast and located on
a hill 500 yards beyond the river,
Headquarters said heavy fighting
still is in progress there.
Two Other Bridgeheads.
The second bridgehead was estab
lished along the railroad running
from Capua to Rome, 4 miles from
the coast.
The third was at Argento. almost
on the coast itself, where the Ger
mans countered with a tank attack
in a desperate but futile effort to
drive the British back across the
(The German high command
said several Allied divisions had
launched a strong attack in Italy
“east of the Gulf of Gaeta” where
fighting was continuing in full
force. The Garigliano empties
Into the Gulf of Gaeta.)
Preparations for the crossings ap
parently were made by British raid
ers, who jumped the estuary of the
Garigliano less than three weeks
before and delivered heavy blows be
hind the enemy's lines in the Min
turno area.
Important Bridge Destroyed.
This penetration on the night of
December 30 destroyed an important
highway and railway bridge used by
the Germans, cut other communica
tions and resulted in the capture of
prisoners who were brought back to
the 5th Army headquarters for ques-_
The new offensive on the coastal
lowlands came wl /c American and
French troops probed vigorously at
the so-called Gustav Line around
Cassino, 20 miles inland from the
mouth of the Garigliano.
American patrols already had
crossed the Rapido River in the
Cassino area, but were forced to re
turn with reports that the Germans
apparently were concentrating their
defenses for one of the most furieus
battles since the fall of Naples.
French forces operating in the
mountains on the right flank of the
Americans increased their bag of
prisoners to 600 in six days.
Heavy Fighting Across Italy.
In contrast to the clear, cold
weather which prevailed over mast
of the 5th Army front, rain drenched
the 8th Army on the Adriatic end
of the line across Italy.
Canadian troops advanced against
fierce opposition to take limited ob
jectives, but then were forced to
withdraw by German counter
attacks, and headquarters said the
Canadians still were engaged in
heavy fighting.
At Sant’ Angelo, on the Sangro
River in the mountains 4 miles
porth of Capracotta, British troops
clashed with Nazi ski patrols.
The British Navy announced the
shelling of four German-held har
bors along the Dalmatian and Al
banian coast.
sporadic Destroyer Hauls.
The naval communique said six
British destroyers — the Tyrian,
Grenville. Blackmore. Lidbury, Trou
bridge and Tumult—engaged in
sporadic raids along the Eastern
Adriatic during the week. They
shelled Rovigno. Durazzo, Vela Luki
and the Island of Korcula.
In addition smaller British forces
torpedoed a small ship in Sumartin
Harbor on 'the Island of Brae and
engaged the Seibel ferry. American
motor torpedo boats attacked light
ers off Spezia. a port on the Gulf
of Genoa in Northwestern Italy.
Flying Fortresses and Liberators
escorted by Lightnings blasted Ger
man communications at five points
in Northern Italy.
The forts, in an attack on Pistoia.
20 miles northwest of Florence, hit
the airfield and rail facilities, de
stroying locomotive sheds and roll
ing stock. They also scored hits on
freight yards at Poggibonsi. 15 miles
southwest of Florence, and wrecked
tracks at Pontedera on the main
line from Florence to Pisa, and at
Crrtaldo. a few miles northwest of
Pisa Rail Yards Raided.
Liberators bombed the rail yards
at Pisa. Headquarters also an
nounced the airfield at Pisa had
been heavily attacked by bombers
Monday night.
Early today RAF Wellingtons at
tacked rail facilities at Pokasieve
junction, 10 miles east of Florence.
Medium bombers struck in the
Rome area, American Mitchells and
Spitfires scored 15 bomb hits on a
3.000-ton freighter off Leghorn, and
American and RAF Kittyhawks
bombed a 200-foot vessel off the
Island of Polca.
Lighter planes were active over
the battle area as well as along the
Yugoslav coast.
Fighter opposition was light, al
though returning flyers reported
heavy flak over the Yugoslav coast.
Seven enemy aircraft were de
stroyed, against the loss of three Al
lied planes.
Red Broadcast of London Denial
Of Peace Bid Placates British
Moscow Radio Cites
Ankara Dispatch
Printed in Britain
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Jan. 19.—British
newspapers, which yesterday ex
pressed high indignation over
Pravda’s publication of a rumor
of British-German peace talks,
appeared placated today by the
Moscow radio's broadcast of the
official British denial.
At the same time, Moscow dis
patches said Britons and Americans
in the Soviet capital also expressed
reliet at the broadcast, which w'ent
to the entire nation and was trans
mitted to the Russian press.
The London Daily Mail. *vhich
yesterday called the Communist
party organ’s account “an insult to
the British people,” headlined its
story “ 'Peace' Lie Is Now Dead.”
The News Chronicle said the Ger
mans were spreading peace talk
rumors, “hoping to gain respite ”
In broadcasting Britain's denial,
(See PRAVDA, Page A-18.)
Russian Citizens'
Reaction Is That
'Something Is Up'
Associated Press War Correspondent.
MOSCOW, Jan. 19.—The Rus
sian press gave the people the
news today of the British Foreign
Office’s denial of a peace pro
posal meeting as reported by
Pravda’s Cairo correspondent
Monday, but made no editorial
At the same time, the press printed
a story from London quoting the
London Sunday Times, which said
under an Ankara dateline that while
it was true that Franz von Papen,
German Ambassador to Turkey, had
not made peace proposals, it wa*
untrue that peace proposals had not
recently been made by the Germans.
(Quotation of the London
paper's story may be Moscow’s
way of saying that stories of
peace-talk rumors were printed
(See GILMORE. Page A-18.1 ~
Friendly Settlement j
In Polish Dispute Vital,
Eden Tells Commons
British Government
In Close Touch With
Moscow and Poles
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. Jan. 19.—Foreign
Secretary Anthony Eden told
the House of Commons today
that the Soviet-Polish border
problem is "extremely difficult
and delicate,” but said the Brit
ish government is keeping in
closest touch with both Moscow
and the Polish government-in
exile in London in an attempt to
effect a settlement.
"Our prevailing desire." Mr. Eden
said, "is to bring about a friendly!
settlement between the two countries j
and this achievement would be of
| the utmost consequence to the future
of Europe.”
Replying to a remark by Laborite
Morgan Philips Price that the dif
ferences between the Russians and
Poles are fraught with "extreme
danger,” Mr. Eden declared:
"We are not without the hope that
a favorable solution may be at
tained. I am sure the House will
feel the utmost reserve should be
j practiced at this particular mo
Won’t Ask V. S. to Bar Probe.
Mr. Eden also told Commons in
response to a question that Britain
would not ask the United States to
bar an investigation of Japanese
internment camps in the United
States in retaliation for Japan's re
fusal to permit a similar inquiry
into conditions affecting Allied
prisoners in Japanese hands.
The issue was raised by Sir Ralph
Glynn, who cited a report that the
Japanese government had asked the
Spanish government as a protecting
power to make an investigation of
Japanese internment camps in the
I United States.
i Mr. Eden said that the matter of
whether such an investigation should
! be permitted in view of Japan's atti
tude was "clearly one for the United
States to decide."
Protest to Spain.
Mr. Eden also said the British
Ambassador to Spain, Sir. Samuel
Hoare. had been instructed to make
“further strong representations to
the Spanish government" over the
fact that a number of Spanish volun
teers still were fighting for the Nazis
on the Russian front.
Another issue, which is likely to
present additional complications to
Madrid and London, was brought
before the House when Mr. Eden said
the British government had renewed
strong representations supporting
i See POLAND. Page A-I8.1
'44 Aircraft Program
Calls for 50 Per Cent
Production Increase
Over 100,000 Planes
Slated for Delivery,
Wilson Discloses
By the Associated Press.
The Nation’s 1944 aircraft pro
duction program calls for a 50
per cent increase in manufacture
of combat planes on top of the
record-smashing 1943 output,
Charles E. Wilson, chairman of
the Aircraft Production Board,
disclosed today.
The combat craft the Germans
and Japanese will see this year will
be “very substantially larger than1
the models they supplant," Mr. Wil
son reported. The grass airframe
weight of 1944 production Is sched
uled to be 26 per cent above the
total weight of 1943 airframes.
Mr. Wilson said more, than 100.000
planes are schedued for production
this year, each with an average air
frame weight of more than 10.000
pounds. The aircraft industry com
pleted 85.946 planes last year, aver
aging 8.630 pounds in airframe
Mr. Wilson reiterated that 1944
scheduling calls for increased pro
duction of heavy aircraft—Fortress
es, Liberators and super-Fortresses
—and a reduction in the number of
training craft and noncombat mod
Gross weight of airframes pro
duced in 1943 was 741,800.000 pounds,
Mr.. Wilson said. That will be in
creased to more than 1,000,000,000
pounds, airframe weight, in 1944.
The aircraft production boss
pointed out that unit production of
airplanes will not increase so
sharply this year as last. Produc
tion in 1943 was approximately
40,000 more units than in 1942, but
the scheduled 1944 increase Is
roughly 15.000 planes.
Judged on the basis of 1942 av
erage aircraft weights, Mr. Wilson
said the 1944 production will be
equivalent to 167.000 planes of 1942
New 'Copper' Penny
Put in Circulation
B> the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Jan. 19.—New 1-cent
coins, made of copper and zinb,
which resemble the prewar copper
pennies, have been put in circula
tion by the Federal Reserve Bank
of New York.
Bank officials said that because
of shortages the “steel plug" pennies
would remain in circulation. When
no longer needed they will be re
turned to the Reserve Bank and
Reds Push Drive
To End Siege
Of Leningrad
Twin Attacks Against
Nazis Developing
On Large Scale
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW. Jan. 19.—Red Army
forces on the Leningrad and
Volkhov fronts in Northern
Russia sprang forward today in
a new offensive calculated to
end the German siege of Lenin
grad. second city of the Soviet
Two neighboring army groups. It
was disclosed, launched simultane
ous assaults several days ago to
break through strong German de
fense lines and are now developing
their drives on a large scale. (Pre
vious German broadcasts indicated
the new Russian attacks began last
No specific objectives have as yet
been announced as captured, but in
that thickly-populated and heavily
fortified area a few yards or miles
of ground rank as important as
some cities and towns in other more
open sectors.
Twin Operations Started.
The fact that the launching of
the offensive could be announced
was taken here to mean that it is
proceeding successfully.
Russian troops on the Leningrad
front began their push south of the
suburban town of Oranienbaum. 20
miles west of the city adjoining
Peterhof, known as the Versailles of
Russia and the former home of the
Czars. The town lies on the shores
of the Baltic Just south of the island
naval base of Kronstadt and has
been in Russian hands since the
siege began 17 months ago.
At the same time Red Armv forces
on the Volkhov front attacked north
of Novgorod, 100 miles southeast of
Leningrad between Lake Ilmen and
the Baltic.
The twin operations appeared to
have been planned jointly to break
the German semicircle around Len
ingrad. under constant threat of
enemy bombardment.
Germans Du* in Near City.
The blockade of Leningrad was
broken a year ago by a Red Army
thrust through the fortress town of
Schlesselburg. which opened a nar
row corridor to the east. The Ger
mans. however, dug in close to the
western and southern sides of the
city, constructing an elaborate sys
tem of fortifications.
(Berlin broadcasts acknowl
edged reverses on both fronts and
said the Russians were continu
ing their attacks with waves of
tanks and strong infantry forces.'
The double offensive aimed at re
lieving Leningrad added to the diffi
culties of the Germans in North
Russia, already sorely harassed by
another Soviet drive north of No
vosokolniki toward the rear of their
positions south of Leningrad.
40 More Towns Taken.
A Russian war bulletin said these
troops, part of Gen. Ivan Bagha
mian’s 1st Baltic Army, yesterday
captured 40 more tow-ns in their slow
but steady advance, including the
-railway station of Shubino, five
miles north of Novosokolniki, which
still is held by the Germans. Strong
enemy counterattacks were thrown
back with heavy losses, the Soviet
communique said.
As the frozen North flared into
activity, front dispatches reported
continued gains in the Western
Ukraine, despite unseasonable rain
and mud. Here Gen. Nikolai Va
tutin's 1st Ukrainian Army increased
its threat to the key communica
tions center of Rovno, 110 miles
south of Pinsk.
Troops of Gen. Vatutin's center
stormed the town of Slavuta, on
the Warsaw-Berdichev main trunk
line and the Gorin River, 32 miles
southeast of Rovno. They bypassed
the rail junction of Shepetovka, 13
miles to the southeast, in their ad
vance ,jmd_capturedarailway train.
(See RUSSIA. Page-A-18.)
Knife-Wielding American Indians Stalk Japs
In Jungle, Penetrate Main Positions at Arawe
B> the Associated Press.
QUARTERS, New Guinea, Jan. 19.—
| Knife-wielding American Indians of
20 tribes, backed by such modern
components of war as tanks and
bombing planes, are stalking Jap
anese in the tropical jungles of New
Proud of their ability to thread
through dense growth, these skilled
tribesmen of Arizona and New
Mexico ended a stalemate Sunday
at invaded Arawe on the southwest
coast by breaking through main
enemy defenses to such depth that
field guns were captured.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s head
i quarters reported the success today.
Each equipped with several knives
as well as pistol and rifle, these In
dians, for*#ing part of the 158th
Regiment of ■'bushmasters,” pene
trated 1.000 yards through enemy
lines while the Japanese were still
groggy from an 87-ton air bombard
Pilots of Liberators and Mitchells,
striking so close to the American
lines they had to be guided by a
ground smoke screen in distinguish
ing positions, said the bombing was
the most concentrated one yet un
leashed in the jungles.
The “bushmasters,” whose ability
to transmit secret communications
in tribal tongues should prove baf
fling to the Japanese, were sent to
Panama during the early days of
the war to become the first Amer
ican troops trained in jungle tactics.
Last April they left the Canal
Zone and on June 30 first appeared
in the Southwest Pacific war zone.
Unopposed they occupied Kiriwina
Island in the Trobriand group off
the southeastern tip of New Guinea.
It was from there «they moved in
to reinforce the Texas dismounted
cavalrymen who opened the inva
sion of New Britain at Arawe De
cember 15. \
The Texans had quickly swept
patrols beyond Umtingalu Village,
five miles up the east coast from
Cape Merkus and on past the un
serviceable airstrip. But the Jap
anese later regained these two
points. Last week Tokio radio even
falsely claimed a great victory at
Countering this, American military
leaders said there had been no Jap
anese attack in force but that the
enemy’s main positions were known
and “we can fight there any time
we want it." Sunday the “bush
masters” wanted it. The attack was
directed by Brig. Gen. Julian Cun
The advance moved the American
lines back to within 1,000 yards of
Umtingalu village and rendered
easier the dispersal of supplies and
troops. The invading Texans now
man beach positions in the sector.
On Northeastern New Guinea, up
the coast beyond invasion-menaced
Madang, supply dumps and anti
aircraft positions at Hansa Bay were
attacked with 120 tons of explosives
by Liberators and Mitchells, escorted
by Thunderbolts.
Other Liberators flying 600 miles
northwest of Darwin, Australia, set
fire to a 9,000-ton enemy cargo vessel
at the former Dutch naval base of
Ambon on the Island of Amboina.
Stimson, Urging Labor Draft,
Assails 'Home Front' Unrest
Secretary Says Soldiers Resent Industrial
Conditions; Urges Congress to Act Now
Warning Congress that it is
not too late to pass a national
service law, Secretary of War
Stimson declared today that in
dustrial unrest and lack of a
sense of patriotic responsibility
on the home front have stirred
a strong feeling of “resentment
and injustice among the men of
the armed forces" who are de
manding that “all Americans
accept the same liability for
Appearing before the Senate Mili
tary Affairs Committee in the face
of a growing congressional coolness
toward the drafting of labor, the
Secretary asserted:
"It will be tragic, indeed, if the
discontent and resentment felt by
our gallant soldiers on the fighting
fronts burns deeply and festers in
their hearts. Unless wre set forth
boldly to stamp it out. the hot flame
will destroy some of the great love
of country which, alone, can make
a man endure the hardship, the
pain and the death which service
above self has offered them.
"No variety of twisted thinking
will deny the right of the millions
of American men in uniform to
every chance of living through this
conflict. Their lives have already
been placed in jeopardy by the Na
<See" LABOR DRAFT. Page A^llfi
35,C J Bond Sellers
Begin Active Drive
For $95,000,C J Goal
'Maid of Cotton' Due
Here Today; Thousands
Visit Liberty Ship
(Picture on Page B-l.)
The District's 35.000 volunteer
War Bond salesmen were well on
their way today toward calling
on every home and office to im
press on citizens the need for
meeting the . city's S95.000.000
quota during the Fourth War
Loan drive, which opened yes
Tire army of "bondadiers" carried
on their work after a whirl of ac
tivities yesterday officially began the
campaign. Other events, calculated
to sustain interest in the drive
among prospective bond buyers,
were scheduled for today and to
Today's feature will be the ar
rival of 1944's "Maid of Cotton,"
Miss Linwood Gisclard of Donald
sonville, La., for a two-day program,
embracing a dozen different appear
ances. Miss Gisclard is opening a
Nation-wide bond-selling tour with
her appearance here.
She was scheduled to arrive at
Union Station at 12:30 p.m. and will
be met by a congressional delega
tion from the cotton States. After
a luncheon in the House dining
room she will visit Walter Reed
Hospital at 3 p.m., the Stage Door
Canteen at 8 p.m., the Treasury at
8:30 p.m. and the Earle Theater at
9:15 p.m.
Program for Tomorrow.
Her program tomorrow Includes a
Kiwanis Club luncheon, a visit to
the Liberty ship, American Mariner,
and an appearance at the Capitol
The opening day was climaxed by
an appeal from President Roosevelt,
who told the Nation, "Our most diffi
cult military operations are ahead
of us, not behind us.”
"Until we have actually occupied
Berlin and Tokio,” the President
said, "we cannot indulge for a mo
ment in the pleasant day dreams
that the war is almost over.
"During the Fourth War Loan
drive all of us will have an oppor
tunity to do our share in shorten
ing the war and causing the uncon
ditionel surrender of the enemy.
Every dollar invested in War Bonds
is an addition to our offensive pow
er, a contribution to our future
happiness and security. Let's all
back the attack."
Visit American Mariner.
The 10,000-ton American Mariner
was thrown open to the public for
the first time yesterday afternoon,
and within an hour 1,000 persons
(Continued on Page A-5. Column 1)
Instructor, Cadet Killed
ALBANY, Ga.< Jan. 19 (£>(.—Second
Lt. Donald R. Grab of New York,
aviation instructor, and a cadet,
unidentified by Army spokesman,
were killed last night in a plane
crash near Leesburg.
Briggs' Typewriters
Spotlighted in Probe
Of 'Hopkins Letter'
Two Machines Taken
From Office of Ickes'
Aide; FBI Won't Talk
Two typewriters assumed a
mysterious role in the “Hopkins
letter thriller” today as a Fed
eral grand jury resumed its ex
ploration of the latest Washing
ton political drama to involve
men in high places.
The typewriters were taken from
the office of George N. Briggs, con
fidential assistant to Secretary of
Interior Ickes. but Federal agents
declined to say whether they were
being examined in connection with
the case.
Mr. Briggs. 55-year-old former
newspaperman who has been pic
tured on the Senate floor as a go
between in publication of the dis
puted "Hopkins letter.” meanwhile
was suspended by Mr. Ickes with
out pay pending the outcome of the
Langer Cites Letter.
Tire grand jury, reassembling
after a respite of several days, is
seeking to determine whether Harry
L. Hopkins was correct in asserting
that his name was forged to a type
written letter predicting Wendell L.
Willkie's renomination for the pres
Senator Langer. Republican, of
North Dakota cited the letter in
support of his resolution calling for
a congressional investigation of Mr.
Willkie's 1940 nomination. Senator
Langer also read to the Senate a
series of typed letters which he said
were written by Mr. Briggs to C.
Nelson Sparks, former Akron (Ohio)
Mayor, who published a book criti
cal of Mr. Willkie last fall.
The letter purportedly was from
Mr. Hopkins to Dr. Umphrey Lee,
president of Southern Methodist
University, Dallas, Texas, and was
interpreted by some as meaning Mr.
Hopkins not only desired Mr. Will
kie's renomination but wanted to see
Senator Connally, Democrat, of
Texas replaced in the Senate.
Mr. Sparks has never given any
i See LETTERS, Page A-6.)
Railroads Relumed
To Private Operators;
Labor Shortage Cited
Wheeler Asks Action
To Avert Serious
Manpower Crisis
By the Associated Press.
The Nation's rail transporta
tion system was back in the
hands of private operators to
day, but Senator Wheeler. Dem
ocrat, of Montana, warned that
it still faces a critical man
power problem.
President Roosevelt announced
settlement of the wage dispute, with
raises all around, late yesterday,
and Secretary of War Stimson
thereupon ordered the seized rail
roads returned to their owners,
effective last midnight.
The carriers, threatened by labor
disputes of the 350,000 members of
five operating unions and of 1,100 -
0Q0 nonoperating workers, including
shopmen, clerks and others, were
taken over by the Government De
cember 27, three days before a
strike-call deadline.
The settlement and some earlier
agreements, which labor and man
agement sources estimated would
cost the roads approximately $350.
000,000 annually, plus retroactive
pay awards, provide generally for
increases of 9 cents an hour to the
operating workers and increases of
from 9 to 11 cents for the nonoperat
ing workers.
Had Asked 20 Cents.
The 15 "nonop' unions originally
had asked for 20 cents an hour more
and the operating brotherhooas a
30 per cent hike, or $3 a day. which
ever might be greater.
The Association of American
Railroads said today that under the
new agreements the average wage
of non-operating employes will be
boosted from 72.5 cents an hour to
81.5 and that for operating workers
from just under $1 an hour to $1 09.
Senator Wheeler, who is chaiman
of the Senate Interstate Commerce
Committee, said, however, that the
military draft and the lure of higher
wages in war industry are thinning
personnel ranks to dangerous levels.
"If something isn't done to re
lieve this situation." the Montanan
said, "we are in for serious trouble
"Railroad men are being drafted
every day and there are thousands
,of experienced railroad men in the
armed forces.”
He said there had been instances
of men being returned by the serv
ices for work in aircraft plants
and other war plants and that
: such a course to relieve the railroad
| manpower shortage merited consid
| eration
Last dispute to be settled was that
; with the 15 nonoperating unions
Their 9 to 11 cent an hour in
crease was approved by a presiden
tial mediation board yesterday.
The increase above a 4 to 10 cent
hike previously ordered by another
; mediation board was in lieu of over
time. The nonoperating workers
generally are on a 48-hour week and
overtime does not start at 40 hours
; for them as for many other workers.
In his announcement. Mr. Stimson
said the agreements, which were ap
proved by Stabilization Director Fred
M. Vinson, “provide assurance that
(See RAILROADS. Page A-5.>
Derailed Train's Crew Blamed
In ICC Report on ACL Wreck
By the Associated Press.
The Interstate Commerce
Commission reported today that
“failure to provide adequate pro
tection for derailed cars” caused
the December 16, 1943, wreck on
the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
near Lumberton, N. C., in which
72 persons were killed and 187
The commission said that if mem
bers of the crew of a derailed
southbound train had furnished
proper flag protection and had made
a thorough inspection of the train,
“the collision between the north
bound train and the derailed cars
could have been prevented."
The wreck involved two of the
Atlantic Coast Line’s crack passen
ger trains. NTany of the killed and
wounded were military personnel.
Safeguards Provided.
The commission said the railroad's
operating rules provide that when a
train is stopped suddenly and the
cause is not definitely known, ad
jacent tracks that might be ob
structed must be protected at once
in both directions until it is deter
mined they are safe and clear.
“The members of the crew of No.
91 (southbound) understood these
requirements," the commission said.
“A period of approximately 40 min
utes elapsed between the derailment
of the southbound train and the
collision between the northbound
(See WRECK, Page A-18.)
Ban on Subsidies
Voted by Senate
Unit; Fund Killed
"Explosive" Issue
Sent to Floor
For Showdown
By the Associated Press
The Senate Banking Committee
today rejected the administra
tion's request for use of $1,500,
000,000 on food subsidies in 1944,
acted favorably on the Bank
head bill to terminate all such
subsidies by next June 30 and
sent the whole explosive issue to
the Senate floor for debate.
The committee reversed itself in
taking these actions against the
subsidy system which administra
tion officials have described as the
cornerstone of their program for
controlling retail food prices. Presi
dent Roosevelt has made vigorous
representations to Congress on be
half of the system.
The favorable report on the bill
by Senator Bankhead, Democrat, of
Alabama to end food subsidies on
June 30, 1944, was voted, 10 to 9,
though such a report had been re
jected a month ago. The bill is
substantially similar to the anti
subsidy legislation passed by the
House in November, when that
chamber acted on extension of the
life of the Commodity Credit Corp.
to June 30. 1945.
Taft and Tobev Switch.
Two Republicans. Senators Taft
of Ohio and Tobey of New Hamp
shire. swung to support of the bill
in today’s executive session after
having previously opposed it.
The administration's proposal to /
authorize the expenditure of $1,500,
000,000 for subsidies in 1944. was re
jected also on a 9-10 division.
A bitter and perhaps lengthy fight
on the Senate floor appears certain.
Senator Maloney, Democrat, of
Connecticut said he would introduce
on the floor the $1,500,000,000
amendment which the committee
turned down.
Chairman Wagner of the Banking
Committee foresaw an opening of
the floor battle by next week.
Senate Wagner declared that the
Senate—apparently divided closely
on the question—should start de
bate without delay, since a tem
porary extension of the CCC expires
February 17. He said farmers must
know soon what the Government
policy is to be so they can plan their
spring crop programs.
Grapefruit Subsidies Begin.
Meanwhile, a long-promised Gov
ernment program of paying subsi
dies to grapefruit juice proces»ora
was officially under way.
The War Food Administration
published in yesterday's Federal
Register, a 6.000-word order in
which the CCC officially offered the
payments it had pledged to canners
in December.
The program is designed to keep
consumer prices at present levels
and still reimburse processors for in
creased costs of fresh fruits.
Representative Peterson. Demo
crat, of Florida said he had received
no further word on how much
money would be .expended. He had
been informed a month ago. how
ever. that a $7,000,000 to $9,000,000
program was contemplated.
D. C. Woman Free on Bond
In $45,000 Embezzlement
Mrs. Elsie Rose Rockwocd. 42. of
1754 Lanier place N.W., former
bookkeeper for the Arthur Jordan
Piano Co., was free under $2,500
bond today after being arraigned
before United States Commissioner
Needham C. Tumage on a charge of
embezzling $45,000 to $50,000 of her
employer's funds.
Detective Sergt. Dewey Guest of
the check squad, w'ho made the ar
rest. said the woman pleaded guilty
I and was held for action of the grand
While Mrs. Lockwood was em
ployed by the Jordan company, the
Homer L. Kitt Music Co. also was
listed as a complainant in the case,
jit was explained that the Jordan
company's funds included some
money collected for the Kitt firm,
which operated a piano shop at the
store where Jordan's now is located.
Edward Yonkers, manager of the
Jordan company, said the shortage
was discovered after an audit of the
books. He said Mrs. Rockwood had
been employed there about 18
months. Her position was described
as bookkeeper-cashier.
Foremen's Strike Spreads
To Eighth Chrysler Plant
‘ Ey the Associated Press.
DETROIT. Jan. 19.—A strike of
foremen that began in a Chrysler -
: operated De Soto plant last Thurs
day spread today to the eighth
Chrysler Corp. factory, with a total
of approximately 1.100 members of
the Foreman's Association of Ameri
jca i independent) involved.
The plants affected are the Detroit
: tank arsenal. Dodge truck and Dodge
main plants, two De Soto factories,
the Chrysler Highland Park plant
and two smaller units. .
Hutcheson Nominated
For Virginia Bench
Sterling Hutcheson. United States
! attorney for the eastern district of
j Virginia, was nominated today by
President Roosevelt to be United
I States district judge for that dis
i trict, succeeding the late Judge
'Luther B. Way.
Mr. Hutcheson was bom in Meck
lenburg County, Va.. 49 years ago
and was educated at William and
Mary College and the University of
Virginia. He was formerly in pri
vate law practice at Boydton, Va.,
and was appointed United States
attorney in 1933.
It 1 akes $2,000,000 to Send a Liberty Ship Down the Ways—Every Bond You Buy Will Help

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