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Final Action Sought
By Barkley Today On New Tax Measure By the As»oc!»ted Presj. Majority Leader Barkley ex pressed hope of completing Sen ate action today on the $2,275, 600,000 tax bill, including contro versial proposals to revise the War Contracts Renegotiation Law. A special meeting of the Finance Committee was calk I to see if final changes could be worked out which would prove mutually satisfactory to war agencies, the contractors sub ject to renegotiation and to Con gress. Only a few tag ends of contro versy remained to be settled in the revenue sections of the bill, after a lengthy session yesterday which saw the Senate affirm a House-approved requirement that labor unions, farm co-operatives and other such organi zations must file financial state ments annually with the Treasury. Clark Motion Rejected, 43 to 34. The vote was 43 to 34 against a motion by Senator Clark, Democrat, of Missouri to strike out the pro viso. The Missourian contended that the clause was written to get information so the organizations, now exempt, eventually could be subjected to income taxes. Senator Reynolds, Democrat, of North Carolina contended that the rank and file of labor favors the financial return clause so they can find out what is done with their dues. Labor union leaders bitterly opposed the provision, and the Sen ator spent hours debating it yes terday. By a standing vote another con troversial provision for a wartime increase in amusement admittance taxes from 10 per cent to 20 per cent was accepted. Senator Rever comb, Republican, of West Virginia gave notice, however, he will at tempt today to restore the old rate, so far as admittance to motion pic ture theaters is concerned. 21 Republicans Favor Reports. In the showdown on the financial statement issue, 22 Democrats and 21 Republicans lined up against Senator Clark's motion to strike the section from the bill. Twenty-six Democrats, seven Republicans and Senator La Follette, Progressive, of Wisconsin, voted for the motion. A few minutes earlier, the Sena tors had rejected, 50 to 27. a pro posal by Senator Vandenberg. Re publican. of Michigan, which would have called for the organizations to file only one financial statement, and that one this year. Senator Clark’s argument that the clause was intended to open the way for taxation of unions, co-operatives and other such groups was sup ported in debate by Senators Tru man, Democrat, of Missouri and La Follette. Senator Brewster. Republican, of Maine, taking the other side, de clared that the unions have become ‘'big businesses” engaging in "poli tical bargaining as well as collective bargaining.” Bailey Hits Union Demands. Senator Bailey. Democrat, of North Carolina, likewise strongly in favor of retaining the provision, reviewed recent labor disturbances including the coal tie-up and railroad strike vote. “We've given labor so much power that this Government is now in jeopardy,” he said. "The time has come when we must accept this challenge. The time has come when we must say to all concerned, ‘You cannot threaten your country in time of war or be permitted to hold it up at the point of a pistol’.” He added he would vote for “con siderably stronger legislation” if he had the opportunity. Chairman George of the Finance Committee said he would be pleased to make frequent tax returns, maybe even one a week, if he was exempt from paying taxes. Four-Installment Plan Approved. In another action the Senate ac cepted an amendment by Senator Walsh, Democrat, of New Jersey, which would permit taxpayers to pay in quarterly installments, this year and next, the unforgiven por tion of their 1942 income taxes. Present law calls for payment in two installments on March 15 this year and March 15. 1945. In opposing the doubling of the present tax on admittances to amusements. Senator Mead,, Demo crat, of New York said taxation was driving the legitimate theater and some competitive sports out of existence. “Baseball leagues are going out of existence, particularly in the small cities.” he said. “We are drying up these sources of taxes when we should be encouraging them.” Challenging the Treasury's esti mate that a 20 per cent admittance tax would yield $135,000,000 a year in added revenue. Senator Mead contended the increase would “re duce the volume of taxes collected" because many entertainment enter prises would fold up. Senator Vandenberg said the manpower shortage was responsible for the curtailment of professional baseball and that the movies were responsible for the legitimate thea ter's decline, then added: "Public amusements certainly should stand a comparable burden of taxes with industry.” Tammany Rift Widens Over Ouster Moves B» the Associated Press, NEW YORK, Jan. 19—The split In Tammany Hall widened today as two Executive Committee meetings were scheduled by rival factions to consider possible ouster of Michael J. Kennedy, leader of the Demo cratic organization for nearly two years. Edward V. Loughlin, 14th assem bly district leader, issued a call yes terday on behalf of the anti-Ken nedy bloc for a meeting Saturday. The other call, for January 28. was signed by Representative Fay. com mittee chairman, and specified it was sent at Mr. Kennedy’s request. Both sides termed the other’s meeting illegal and it was reported that both groups talked of legal ac tion. Spokesmen for the anti-Kennedy forces said they tried to persuade Mr. Fay to call the meeting Satur day, but he refused because he had prior commitments to Mr. Kennedy. The Kennedy group contends that enly Mr. Fay can call a meeting, while opponents claim that a ma jority of members has authority to set a meeting. Members of the lat ter faction said that more than a majority would participate in Sat urday's session. SUSPENDED — George N. Briggs, an assistant to Sec retary of Interior Ickes, was suspended by Mr. Ickes yes terday pending the outcome of the grand jury investigation into the so-called “Hopkins letter.” —A. P. Photo. Letters (Continued From First Page.! public explanation of how the Hop kins letter came into his possession. Senator Langer said he got the "Briggs letters" from Mr. Sparks. Letter Called Forgery. Henry A. Schweinhaut, special as sistant to Attorney General Biddle, who is directing the grand jury in vestigation, declared he had “no doubt” that the Hopkins letter, pub lished in Mr. Sparks’ book—“One Man—Wendell Willkie"—was a forgery. “We can prove it,” he said, adding that he was confident the perpe trator would be discovered. Mr. Schweinhaut conferred with Mr. Ickes yesterday after the Secre tary had requested an opportunity to go before the grand jury. Mr. Ickes. who has disclaimed the role of "villain” in the drama, declared. “I do not relish the bandying about of my name in connection with a matter which seems to be as bizarre and absurd as it appears to be con temptible and vicious." Mr. Briggs described the whole 1 affair as a blast aimed at the Secre tary by persons who “for years have been thirsting for Mr. Ickles’ blood." Action on Senator Langer’s de mand for a Senate inquiry was stalled meanwhile by a question of jurisdiction. Chairman Kilgore of a subcommittee appointed to con sider the matter said a study was being made "as to our authority to investigate developments at a na tional convention.” Co-operafives Urged As Economic Cure In Conference Talk America must build a co-operative economy, inasmuch as our • present producer-competitive system not only has failed to solve but increas ingly intensifies our economic prob lems,” E. R. Bowen, general secre tary of the Co-operative League of the United States, said today at the opening session of a two-day con ference at the Washington Hotel. Mr. Bowen shared speaking honors with Joseph Knapp, principal agri cultural economist of the Farm Credit Administration. Co-opera tives, Mr. Knapp emphasized, are practical examples of free economic organization which can be usefully employed to meet common needs. A discussion on the scope of co operatives in Europe and Asia, in which various representatives from abroad are scheduled to participate, was arranged for the afternoon ses sion. America no longer hesitates to dis card obsolete production machines, but clings to outmoded distribution methods. Mr. Bowen said, as he warned that turning to political gov ernment will not produce economic security. Declaring our producer-competi tive economic system broke down in the 30s, Mr. Bowen said. “We have only relieved our unemployment problems by increasing others through expansion of debt.” Mr. Knapp said the combined business volume of 10,450 marketing and purchasing associations for the last marketing season amounted to $3,780,000,000. At tomorrow's morning session ; there will be a discussion of the pos sibilities for co-operatives in inter j national relief and rehabilitation land in international trade and manufacturing. WFA Official Says U.S. Will Remain Well Fed Bj the Associated Press. CHICAGO. Jan. 19.—C. W. Kitch en. a War Food Administration offi cial, said today that “there seems to be nothing now in sight which will keep us from continuing to be the best-fed Nation in the world. The Nation’s record-breaking production of food in 1943 and goals for 1944 does not mean the United States can feed the world, Mr. Kitch en said, but “it ought to allay the fears of the alarmists who have been crying that famine is Just around the corner in America.” The demands of total war, Mr. Kitchen said, are “insatiable,” but civilians should have about as much food in 1944 as they had in the years 1935-1939. With rationing, he added, the total supply should be better distributed than in those years. Mr. Kitchen, deputy director. Food Distribution Administration, outlined his views in an address before the annual meeting of the United Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Association. He said the process of allocating or dividing the food supply among the “principal claim ants is one of continuous adjust ment.” V House Gets Shad Bill Representative Hendricks, Demo crat, of Florida yesterday introduced a measure in the House to add De cember to the months during which sale of shad is permitted in the Dis trict, amending the 1901 law. It is a companion bill to the one offered recently in the Senate at the request of Senator Andrews of Florida. Britain is to encourage emigration to the Dominions after the war. Ruml Gives 9-Poinf Postwar Fiscal Plan To House Committee By the Associated Press. A nine-point postwar fiscal policy —calling for reduced taxes, a bal anced budget and a planned pro gram of public works—was advanced today by Beardsly Ruml, New Yoric merchant-banker and author of the pay-as-yau-go tax plan. He submitted it to the House Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, now studying postwar planning, with the preface that if it "makes sense, there are no constitu tional or technical reasons” why it cannot be adopted now. He pro posed: 1. No public spending for its own sake and no projects merely because they support purchasing power in general. "Let us base our budget estimates on the efficient and eco nomical carrying out of worthwhile activities to accomplish our national purposes." 2. Lower tax rates “to the point” where they will balance the budget at an agreed level of high employ ment. * • ' Taxes should be reduced where they will do the most good in creating demand and in encouraging private enterprise.” Stabilize Taxes. 3. Then stabilize taxes "except as there are major changes in national policy. When employment goes be yond an agreed level, or if. with high employment, we have a boom in ! prices, let us hold the surplus or use ;lt to reduce the national debt, not as an excuse for further tax reduce tion.” 4. Retention of the principle of progressive Income taxes and estate taxes "as the best way of reversing ’ the tendency of purchasing power to come to rest. Let us reduce the rates Ion the individual income tax to Stimulate consumption and to make io o investment in new enter ! prise on a business basis." 5. A planned public works pro gram, “not to balance the whole ! economy, but to help toward stabiliz j lng the construction industry." 6. "Let us neutralize the social : security programs as far as their i fiscal influences are concerned. Since j their beginning they have been highly deflationary: for old-age se curity. let us set our rates and bene fits so that they come somewhere near balance, and for unemploy ment insurance let us set our rates so that intake and outgo balance at high levels of employment." Retain Excise Taxes. 7. Retain "important excise taxes" (or the time being "and get rid of the rest.' 8. "Let us arrange our lending abroad, whether for stabilization, relief or long-time reconstruction,! so that it will support rather than contradict fiscal policies adopted to strengthen our domestic economy." 9. Reorganization of the parts of the Federal Government that have to do with fiscal policy and administration. “We want clarity in policy, consistency in administra tion and co-operation between the executive and legislative branches.” Mr, Ruml told the committee that during the transition period after the war. the nine-point program "would provide a flow of purchas ing demand, which springs au thentically from the tens of millions whose tax burdens will have been reduced." "It will,” he said, “express in a mosaic aggregate the popular in terpretation of the American way of life as pictured in consumer preferences. Against this back ground. the readjustments of em ployment and the reconversion of business and industry can more readily occur." Pile of Lottery Slips Seized; 5 Arrested A raid by 12th precinct police on a home in the 2800 block of Evarts street N.E. yesterday, an alleged lottery headquarters, yielded several bushels of numbers slips and other betting equipment. Four men and a woman arrested in the raid were charged with pos session of numbers slips, conducting a lottery and conspiracy to evade the lottery laws and were released under $2,000 bond each. The cases were continued until January 25 by Judge Thomas Dewey Quinn in Mu nicipal Court today. Those arrested were George Philip Scott, 32. of the 1600 block of E street N.E., a clerk: Samuel Frich ter, 41, of the 1600 block of Six teenth street N.W., an actor: John Ralph Mitchell, 32, of the 1600 block of H street N.W., a clerk; George Conenllopes. 31, of the 1800 block of M street N.W., a mechanic, and Sadie Lewis, 27, of the 4700 block of Blagden terrace N.W., a beauty op erator. Besides the bushels of betting slips, police said between $200 and $300, most in small change, was taken. Equipment in the lattery headquar ters. police said, included seven adding machines, several of which were electrically operated. The win dows were blacked out. Police found at least six winning slips on yesterday’s number, 359. Had the well-equipped headquarters gone unnoticed, it is estimated, more than $1,000 would have been paid off by the operators today. Participants in the raid included Capt. Walter Storm, 12th precinct, and Detectives James P. Fox. Daniel J. Slattery and Ernest P. Jefferson. Vivien Keilems Accused Of Impeding War Efforf B j the Associated Press. Representative Coffee, Democrat, of Washington today called for im mediate action by the Justice De partment against Miss Vivien Kei lems, Westport (Conn) war indus trialist, who announced she had re fused to pay her December 15 in come tax and urged other business people to follow her example. “I am asking the Department of Justice,;' Mr. Coffee said, “to filf summary action against Vivien Kei lems for her statements calculated to do injury to the Nation's war program and discourage the pur chase of War Bonds right at the in sent ion of the Fourth War Loan drive. Her statement constitutes a violation of the law.’’ Miss Keilems, speaking before a luncheon meeting in Kansas City yesterday, called on “all business, both big and small, to follow my example and put aside postwar re serves out of their taxes.” She asserted that present tax rates violate the Constitution and amount to "unreasonable seizure." Rubber may be synthetic, but the will to victory must be genuine. Have you bought any War Savings Stamp* today? Nazi Officer Scoffs At Balkan Invasion Br the Associated Press. STOCKHOLM, Jan. 19 —A Ger man military commentator, Lt. Col. von Olberg, writing in the Dan ziger Verposten, scoffed today at the possibility of an early Allied inva sion of the Balkans from Italy and said the Allies cannot make such a move until they get beyond Rome. Col. von Olberg also asserted that the Allies must advance to the Po River in Italy before they can hope to mount an attack against the Southern French coast between Toulon and Marseille, Morgan's Early Lead Reduced by Davis in Louisiana Primary By the Associated Pres*. NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 19 —Jimmie H. Davis, public service commis sioner and song writer, slowly whit tled down the lead of Lewis L. Morgan for the gubernatorial nomi nation in yesterday’s Democratic primary as additional returns came in today from country parishes (counties). Mr. Morgan, backed by the power ful New Orleans "Old Regular" Long organization, jumped into the lead late last night when the city vote was counted. Returns from outlying parishes were slow, since commis sioners counted local races first. Unofficial returns from 590 of the State’s 1,867 precincts gave Mr. Mor gan 65,074; Mr. Davis. 60.207; Rep resentative James H. Morrison, 17.325; Mayor Sam Caldwell of Shreveport, 10,929: State Senator Ernest Clements. 2.698: State Sena tor Dudley Le Balnc, 6.206; Vincent Mosely, lawyer-farmer, 2.006, and Lee Lanier. Amite editor, 561. Long Holds Decisive Lead, Earl K. Long, brother of the late Huey P. Long and running mate of Mr. Morgan, swept into a decisive lead over five opponents. The vote in 501 of 1.867 precincts in the lieutenant governor's race gave Mr. Long 61.990; J. Emile Ver ret, 37,777; Frank B. Ellis. 27.453: Gladden Harrison. 4.555, Sam Ten nant, 2,538, and Carl T. Jeansonne, I, 575. Mr. Long appeared to be running ahead of Lewis L. Morgan, the gu bernatorial candidate on the "Old Regular" Long ticket, and on the face of partial returns seemed cer : tain to be in the runoff—if there should be a runoff primary. Much depended on the outlying vote. The New Orleans vote, regis tered by voting machines, was prac tically complete in the tabulations soon after midnight, but most of the country vote was still out. Other Long Men Lead. On the basis of fragmentary re turns for State-wide offices other than Governor and Lieutenant Gov ernor. the Long faction also showed strength in the race for attorney general, where Joe T. Cawthorn led on early country returns as well as in New Orleans. The New Orleans vote gave leads to Wad? O. Martin jr., for secretary of state over incumbent L. B. Bav ard: to John B Daigle over A. P "Pat" Tugwell, the incumbent, for treasurer, and to Lether E. Frazar of Deridder for superintendent of education over incumbent John E. Coxe. Ail these had been favored ■ by “Old Regulars." -i, Sheriff Ousted by Jones Is Renominated for Post POINTS A LA HACHE. La., Jan. 19 iff).—Dr. Ben R. Slater, Plaque mines Parish coroner Who was ousted from the sheriff’s office by the State Guard in October, was nominated for sheriff in yesterday’s primary by better than a four-to one vote over Walter J. Blaize, ap pointed by Gov. Sam Jones who was seated under martial law. Nearly complete unofficial returns from 12 of the Plaquemines Parish1 15 precincts gave Dr. Slater 1.526 and Mr. Blaize 339. Tie parish remains under martial law awaiting a final ruling on the latter case by the Supreme Court. Msgr. Sheen Views Poland as Moral Test By the Associated Press. BALTIMORE, Jan. 19 —Msgr. Ful ton J. Sheen of Catholic University believes that Poland's fate after this war will mirror the destiny of our civilization. "Poland represented the world situation in miniature. Poland is the test of whether moral ideas of the West, on which civilization has been built, shall prevail.” he told the Baltimore section of the Holy Name Society last night. "Unless Poland is restored, unless Russia is told that it cannot settle Poland’s case before court actually convenes, unless the democracies are strong enough to enforce the moral principle by which they exist, we shall then have a period of 20 years of barbarism in which Russia shall reach out and gradually assimilate, first. France. Holland and Belgium and then all of Europe. “* * * It is not a question of territory so far as Poland is con cerned. but whether the Polish ques tion shall be decided unilaterally by one nation or by a group of nations which shall base their decision on moral principles. “If Russia is not convinced of the danger of such a policy, her assim ilation of European nations will continue until she reaches the Channel. England will resist and the doors will be thrown wide open to World War III.” < - * Few people are actually "deaf.’* * Moat people called''deaf”are only * turd e/ hemring. Whethrryou are * * now very hard of hearing or are ★ ^ just losing your hearing, important ^ discoveries of the U. S. Govern' * ment National Deafness Survey * * make possible the greatest help * averoffered to the hard of hearing. ^ * " ””ous“Sn-* ^ <55 Munsey Bldg.—NA. «13« ^ / was/ s «*r s/r5s FREE Bee* dticrUmg It mpflsmt Gwtrnmtnt dhctwtTMsftr kith dr /*» turd s/ kisrmt. ^ Nsma_________ *s™.__* * Civ.. * Venezuelan President To Arrive Here Today For Official Visit I President Isaias Medina Angarita of Venezuela will arrive here this afternoon by plane from Miami, where he was landed by special Pan American Clipper last night. Secretary of State Hull and repre sentatives of the State Department planned to greet President Medina, who will be a guest at a White House dinner tonight and begin a state visit to the United States. On arrival at the White House, President Medina will be saluted by a guard of honor composed of sol diers. sailors and marines. He then will be escorted to the diplomatic reception room to be greeted by President Roosevelt. The Venezuelan President will re main in the White House overnight and then take up residence in Blair House, across the street, tomorrow morning. During his visit he will be widely feted in official circles. He is expected to visit the Capitol tomor row. Dr. Don Diogenes Escalante. Venezuelan Ambassador, and State Department representatives met President Medina in Miami and will accompany him and his party to Washington. The visiting President will make trips to Philadelphia, New York and New Orleans before concluding his official stay in this country on February 1. Child Care Center Plan Hailed by FWA A letter from Henry J. Sullivan, assistant regional director of the Federal Works Agency, yesterday in formed the Commissioners that the FWA considered the proposal to place operation of child care cen ters under the Board of Education a "commendable one.’’ "The chart for the proposed or ganization of the war nurseries and j child care centers has many excel ilent features.’’ Mr. Sullivan's letter stated, "and it is believed that the streamlining of project operation' will not only bring greater efficiency and economy of operation but the closer working relationships with the District of Columbia educational system will assure the maintenance of good standards.” Mr. Sullivan said the FWA would offer no objections to the present graded basis of fees, in place of the Geo. M. Barker) IlumberTm^workI 649-651 N. Y AVENUE N W H|l523 7TH STREET NW m proposed plan to reduce fees to a maximum of SO cents a day a child. “We, in this agency, recognize the prerogative of local determination and I assure you that no objection will be made to your schedule of fees and that we expect to continue to co-operate with you in the financing of your projects.” Saying that be noted that the proposed reorganization would bring about a saving of approximately 30 per cent of the over-all expenses, Mr. Sullivan said the PWA had hoped that the streamlining of the administrative units and the con solidation of financial records would bring about a reduction of approxi mately 40 per cent, adding: “Perhaps the final plans will show that this greater saving can be ef fected without injury to the stand ards of^operation.” '•' :r y ^^vvjv jf/^v#■■■■f /^■■■^ninp|HiH|ip|p|in|v * n Boy Defense STAMPS and STAMP On! the Axis "Trains art crowded these days. You’ll be more comfortable at home" We are grateful for the tolerant understand ing *pd cooperative spirit of our patrons. Buffi is only fair to tell you that we do not know when the abnormally-crowded condi tions of our passenger trains will be relieved. But we do know that, after the war is won, we will be back encouraging travel; and sup plying finer service than ever between the East and Florida. In the meantime we respectfully ask for your further cooperation; and that you travel sparingly! TRAVEL SPARINGLY* If you MUST travel you can help solve the war time transportation problem if you will: • Plan every trip and buy round-trip tickets wal in advance. • Cancel your reservations promptly, If you change your plans. e Accept available accommodations cheerfully. • Travel in mid-week. • Travel light, taking only one piece of baggage. • Wait your turn in the dining car patiently. *Don't travel unless absolutely necessary Fight ' '• Infantile Paralysis January 14*31 JANUARY CLEARANCE We present Furniture Hall of Fame's custom-created eleven piece living room ensemble as a special highlight of our January clearance Each piece has been designed to qreatest advantage for the "show room" of today's home. Luxurious comfort has been blended with smart styling in the two-piece Kroehler Living Room Suite—covered with tapestry fabrics of long-wearing texture—and built in the latest posture form design. 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