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Pravda Blocking Nazis?
Soviet Story on Separate Peace Talks May Provide Steppingstone to Unity By DAVID LAWRENCE. There Is more than meets the eye in the Pravda episode. The Russians may be poor diplomats and difficult allies, but they are not fools or prevaricators. There must have been a substantial reason for the publication of the report or rumor that some kind of peace talks were going on Detween unusn ana German per sonages. The formal denial from the British for eign office near ly covers the ac tivities of Brit ish officials or diplomats but, as every one who knows anything about the pre liminary skir mishes that lead to peace confer ences, there are many business men and unoffi cial persons whQ go to neutral countries and D»vid Lawrence, carry on conversations that some times have a semblance of official sanction. This is not to say that the Brit ish foreign office knows about or countenances such things, because sometimes the secret service of a government encourages contacts with enemy sources on almost any provocation or with any excuse as a camouflage because such contacts frequently yield valuable military information. Germany is herself indulging in the same sort of tactics. It will be noted that a dispatch from Ankara a few days ago attracted very little attention but it conveyed precisely the same kind of information only from the German side. The dis patch stated that Franz von Papen, Germany's principal intrigue artist who has been roving ambassador for Hitler, was In disfavor and had been ordered to return from An kara to the Reich because of al leged secret parleys with enemy sources extending over a period of several weeks. Then the report was formally denied by Himmler, head of the secret service. Von Papen has been active in Turkey and may have used some British business men in either Turkey or Portugal to arrange a contact with the Allies. What is the object of all this, it may be asked? Unquestionably it is a German effort to sow disunity be tween Britain and America on the one hand and Russia on the other. The present situation, of course, is made to order for just such an in trigue. Thus there are, no doubt, many Germans who want to see a negotiated peace with Britain and America rather than with Russia. The impression that Germany wants to surrender to these two allies is an easy one to cultivate because it is so plausible. It could even be cloaked in an apparent sincerity of on the part of the proponents of the idea in Germany. The Russians may have decided that the easiest way to scotch such a maneuver is to open it up to pub lic discussion. The Pravda dispatch gave Cairo as the source but this does not mean that Pravda received a news dispatch from that point for it has since been revealed that no such dispatch cleared the cen sorship. What is more likely is that the Russian legation at Cairo ob tanied the information from Greek or Yugoslav sources and relayed it to Moscow at once. Stalin doubtless was consulted. He didn’t know the meaning of it and from experience realized that merely to ask another government's foreign office would not clear it up because there are so many ramifications nowadays to a government's activities. Publication to all the world seemed to be the simplest process and one in keeping with the normal behavior of demo cratic countries where reports and rumors are printed and then run down to determine their accuracy. Evidently the Russians saw more to be gained in the long run by full publicity than by ignoring the re port. Also, it was a means of serv Meredifh Reappointed To District ABC Board William P. Meredith was reap pointed yesterday by the Commis sioners to a four-year term on the Alcoholic Beverage Control Board. His term expires February 3. Mr. Meredith, prior to his ap pointment to the board, served for six years as executive secretary of the liquor board, beginning in i934. For many years Mr. Meredith was in the real estate business in Wash ington and was at one time with the Mutual Life Insurance Co. in New York. He also has served as secre tary and treasurer of several real estate corporations here. During the World War he was with the War Labor Board. Mr. Meredith lives at 2122 Cali fornia street N.W. Ing notice to Germany that there would be no separate peace of any kind and that unofficial emissaries had better stop trying to do that which only the governments them selves are qualified or authorized to do. The Incident may prove a stepping-stone to unity rather than disunity. (Reproduction Right* Reserved ) Haskin's Answers to Questions A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin. Director. Washington. D. C. Please inclose stamD for return oostage. By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. Q. Are any expeditions preparing to observe the total eclipse of the sun?—P.* P. A. A Mexican-sponsored expedi tion has left for Cajamarca, Peru, to observe the eclipse of January 25. Q. Did Germany use hospital dogs 1 in the last war?—P. R. B. A. Thousands of dogs were used. The town of Jena had a special hos pital to care for those wounded in action. Q. Has the Suez Canal been closed since the beginning of the war?— C. N. W. A. In January, 1941, German bombers sank several ships in the canal and for a while cargoes had to be transferred and hauled over land. However, British and other United Nations’ forces have been able to keep it open most of the time. Q. Why are foreign cities often known by two names?—E. L. H. A. It has long been the custom of English-speaking countries to An glicize foreign place names. For instance, no such places as Florence, Prague or Vienna actually exist; they are Firenze, Praha and Wien. Belgrade is correctly Beograd and Athens, Athenai. Some geographers have suggested the adoption of native names upon all atlases after the war. Q. How long a tunnel does a mole usually dig?—N. E. E. A. The common mole digs a bur row that in many cases contains over 100 feet of tunnels. Q. What Ls the largest royal palace in Europe?—C. McD. A. The Winter Palace in Lenin grad, former residence of the czars and now an art museum. Its 1,700 rooms could accommodate 6,000 people. E. N. Newunan says that the building is twice the size of the United States Capitol and that the entiie White House could be set in the throne room. Q. Where is the highest volcano? —M. E. B. A. Mount Cotopaxi in Ecuador, the highest active volcano, is 19,600 feet high. However, the volcanoes of Hawaii though but 14,000 feet above sea level rise some 30.000 feet from the bed of the Pacific Ocean. Q. What peoples are noted for their large families?—S. E. C. A. Clarence Chase, in writing of the French Canadians, says, “There is a fecundity in certain parts of the Province of Quebec which is not matched in any other part of the world where there is such a thing as '■ vital statistics.” Q. What do the names of the Three Wise Men mean?—V. E. L. A. Gaspar means white; Melchior, light, and Balthasar, Lord of the Treasure House. The names are traditional. Q. How long have flower gardens been cultivated?—E. L. H. A. Horticulture is practically as old as the history of mankind. The gardens of the ancient world are famous down through history, and in Europe there are many noted gardens which were started during the Middle Ages. Q. How old Is Pompeii?—R. E. B. A. The city was first noted his torically in 310 B.C., but undoubt edly it is of greater antiquity. Much of Pompeii remains buried. Q. Is there a Duke of W'ellington at the present time?—M. M. E. A. The present Duke inherited the j title upon the death in action of his nephew, who was killed in Septem | ber, 1943. Time Well Spent A few moments only and you will be con vinced that the last day of our Sale of Imported Suitings, including worsteds, cheviots and tweeds, are a knockout in value. ’ t Suit or Topcoat Expertly Cut and Well Tailored A t Savings of 20 to 40% Your Importer It Homs Proton English Custom Tailor 812 14th N.W. RE. 1396 London—England—Leede Ihlder, Lusk Debate Housing Before Citizens' Forum While John Ihlder, executive offi cer of the National Capital Housing Authority, contended there was not enough privately owhed housing at moderate rentals in the District to take care of the need, Rufus Lusk, president of the Washington Tax payers' Association, asserted last night that "housing is the second biggest business in the country and the left-wingers are trying to get control of it.” The two speakers debated public and private housing before the Citi zens’ Porum of Columbia Heights at a meeting held in Powell Junior High School. Lusk Raps Association. Mr. Lusk brought the Community Chest into the controversy, declar ing he wouldn't contribute to the Chest because "one of its agencies is engaged in propaganda to put me out of business.” Identifying the agency as the Washington Housing Association, he said one of its main purposes is to propagandize for pub lic housing. He also attacked the National Committee on Housing as "one of the spearheads" in the public hous ing drive, declaring it was organ ized by Mrs. Samuel Rosenman, “whose husband lives in the White House.” Mrs. Rosenman and Mrs. Roosevelt are “good friends,” he added. Asserting that public housing has a “blighting eflect" on business, Mr. Lusk also charged that “the bait is getting rid of slums but the hook is socialism.” Mr. Ihlder, however, asserted that some of the tenants In public hous ing could be "graduated” if more “proper," privately owned housing renting at a fourth of their Income were available. Before the war, he said, as many as 20 per cent of the tenants in some NCHA properties were receiv ing some form of private or public assistance, while today only 3 per cent are receiving such aid. Hits 4-Family Fiats. The NCHA officer also warned that individual four-family flats being erected by private builders may be the “slums of the fu ture.” Such dwellings, he ex plained, are too large for the in dividual families to be held respon sible for upkeep and not large enough to pay for janitor services. He pointed to two-family houses in Brooklyn and “three-deckers” in New England which he said had de veloped into slums. Answering an attack by Mr. Lusk on the cost of the demountable houses erected on Reservoir road, Mr. Ihlder declared that “tempo rary housing is extravagant because it is a war measure.” The NCHA took over the Job of erecting tem porary housing here, he added, be cause private housing couldn't afford to build it. Mr. Ihlder emphasized that every possible precaution has been taken to assure th* remvoal of temporary housing after the war. He pre dicted, however, that pressure will be exercised to retain such housing i here, if there is a shortage in per manent housing. An appeal in behalf of the Fourth Soreihrom dm to a cold... let a little time-tested VapoRub melt in your mouth ... works fine! War Loan drive was made by Fred A. Wachtler following the sWing of a sound film, "Fighting ten.” William L. Ford, president o' the forum, presided. Laws and Guthrie Honcred On T Board Retirement Justice Bolitha J. Laws oi the District Court and William M. Outh rie, local investment banker, were awarded certificates of apprecltion by the YMCA upon their retiroient this week from the Board of Man agers. Justice Laws had servti 10 years on the board and Mr. Gfihrie 16. A third certificate of appreciation was presented to William Mont gomery, a member of the MMCA for more than 50 years and a *em ber of the Board of Manage* for more than 20 years. The ward also was in recognition of Mr. Montgomery's 50 years servicewith the Acacia Mutual Life Insuance Co. Justice Laws and Mr. G’Jhrie were appointed members of tin Ad visory Board of the YMCA. Mr. Guthrie served for years as a) as sistant treasurer of the YtfCA, being lucceeded by E. C. Glddings, special assistant to the president of the Capital Transit Co. Randolph E. Myers was made ex ecutive secretary of the Central Branch of the YMCA by the Board of Managers. Mr. Myers formerly served as membership and promo tion secretary. Woman Asks $100,000 In Bus Crash Injuries Mrs. Sarah H. Riggles, 40, of 1321 Fairmont street N.W., filed suit in District Court yesterday for $50,000 damages each against the Capital Transit Co. and G. B. Macke Corp., 212 H street N.W., a vending ma chine firm. According to the suit, Mrs. Riggles suffered a broken back last August 12 when the bus in which she was a passenger was in collision with a vehicle owned by the Macke Corp., at the intersection of Fourteenth street and Golf Course road N.W. The suit was filed by Attorney Dor sey K. Offutt._ For Woodwork—Wall,—Furniture f # A1 If 61 SATIN FINISH $3>65 i«i. $1.00 s'. Here's s semirloss finish for walls, woodwork and furni ture that leaves a I rich. lustrous finish. It flows on smoothly and evenly, leaves no | brash marks and Is j washable. Available in several beautiful shades. WLEMMNN mints • a lais 609 C ST. N.W. ME. 0150 1 Block East of 7th A Fenna. Ave. N.W. PUC Gets Resolution Opposing Fare Reduction The Washington Central Labor Union yesterday filed with the Pub lic Utilities Commission a resolution opposing reduction in transit fares if it would result in lowering the wages and working conditions In the Capital Transit Co. A petition for a hearing on reduc tion of transit fares has been filed by the Maryland and District In dustrial Union Council and the Dis trict industrial Union Council of the CIO. The Central Labor Union Is AFL. The CIO groups asked for weekly passes of $1, and the sale of four tokens for 30 cents, instead o( three for 25 cents. Add part of year bloodstream to the swelling tide of victory. Call Blood Donors, District 33M, for as I appointment. I In Packages and Tea Bags at Your Grocer's J___ How do our far-flung convoys find their way through thousands of miles of trackless seas? How can an oil-well drill be steered through rock in any desired direction a mile underground? This mysterious wheel makes all these things possible This mysterious wheel is ■ gyroscope. Wien set in motion, it constantly main tains a fixed position in space ... pointing strai^it as an arrow in whatever direction it is et. , Itp ves man a sort of sixth sense—a sense of diection that frees him from dependence uponlandmarks. It has made possible the deveopment of devices so uncanny that it’s hardto believe your eyes when you see them in operation. Thse devices are comparatively new. It was mly 33 years ago that Sperry made a succasful test of the first Sperry Gyro-Com pass. This compass greatly improved the accuacy of navigation because it points to true nrth. Spirry, a firm of creative engineers whose chiefinterests lie in solving new and difficult techrical problems, continued to experiment with :he gyroscope. The result was the devel opmdit of a large number of tools for war and pace based on the gyroscope. Fo.example, the gyroscopic devices which solvethe problems stated under the pictures wereill invented by Sperry. ,1. The Sperry Gyro-Compass guides precious American convoys to port. 2. A gyroscopic device — invented by Sperry — enables men to control oil-well drills a mile underground. (You can start drilling an oil well on shore and tap oil half a mile out to sea.) 3. The Sperry Directional Gyro and the Gyro-Horizon help guide our pilots through fog and darkness. The Sperry Automatic Gyropilot relieves the human pilot, holding the plane on its course with no hand on the controls. These are but a few of the many uses of the gyroscope ... most of which have been pio neered by Sperry. At present, naturally, we are concentrat ing on the uses of the gyroscope as a tool of war... just as our work with hydraulics and electronics is now devoted to war uses. After the war, we shall resume the production of gyroscopic, hydraulic, and electronic equip ment which will serve an America at peace. ★ LET'S ALL BACK THI ATTACK I * BUY MORI BONOS r i i CORPORATION 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20 ; I _ FORD INSTRUMENT CO., INC. SPERRY GYROSCOPE CO., INC. VICKERS, INC. Waterbury Tool Division, VICKERS, INC. «-- -