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Increasing cloudiness, warmer; low near 40. Tomorrow cloudy, rain. Temperatures today—High, 57, at 1:30 pm. (record temperature this year); low, 34, at 6:50 ajn. Yesterday—High, 53, at 4:55 p.m.; low, 27, at 6:20 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-17. Guide for Readers rage. Amusements A-12-13 Comics.B-18-19 Editorials .A-g Edit! Articles...A-9 Finance _A-17 Lost and Found A-3 rage. Obituary ..A-l* Radio .B-19 Society _B-3 Sports ..A-15 Where to GO...B-14 Woman’s Page, A-ll An Associated Press Newspaper \ 92(1 YEAE. No. 36,428. _WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 26, _ 1944—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. *** aaV*8uburbi THREE CENTS. Yanks Advancing Above Cassino After Storming Across Rapido; Argentina Cuts Ties With Axis Nazi Resistance Increasing in Rome Area (Map on Page A-5.) By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jan. 26. — American troops in Italy are advancing through minefields north of Cassino after storming across the Rapido River, it was an nounced today shortly after field dispatches said American patrols had penetrated into the town. Allied headquarters said it had no information that Cassino had yet been taken. The Rapido runs north and south, and Cassino is on its western bank. Meanwhile, on the new 5th Army invasion front below Rome, the Al lies have speared deeper ^gainst “increasing resistance,” it was an nounced. Remaining Highway Threatened. The Nazis apparently were pull ing units back from the Cassino front to meet the great threat to their rear. It now seems certain the invasion thrust has at least cut the Appian | Way and seriously threatens the; remaining Cassino-Rome highway,! perhaps having it under artillery fire. French troops north of Cassino; were forced from Mount Groce by; bitter Nazi counterattacks, with! close fighting continuing. While the Germans threw in creasing opposition against the in vasion troops who landed in the Nettuno-Anzio areas, an Allied offi cer said this resistance still was “comparatively light.” (Cairo radio said the Allies were 19 miles from Rome.) Clark Visits Troops. The troops were spurred by an-! other visit from Lt. Gen. Mark W.; Clark, 5th Army commander, who; expressed satisfaction with their: progress. German planes struck at the sea armadas, and an official annnounce- j ment declared Nazi bombers had1 attacked three hospital ships well! outside the invasion zone, sinking! one of them. All three were lighted j and carried Red Cross markings. Allied planes in powerful numbers! concentrated on slashing at enemy, supply routes and troops between1 the 5th Army front and the new beachhead, and the main line be-; tween Florence and Rome, which the Germans must use to get rein-, forcements to the Rome area. The Allies flew 1,100 sorties over; the beachhead yesterday, compared with 60 by the Nazis. An American, naval officer said the enemy at-; tacks were causing “some trouble,” however. Warships Shell Road. He disclosed that Allied warships. Including French, had heavily bom barded the road between Terracina and Formia by daylight Monday, and made diversionary bombardments along the coast. Sunday night, Al lied motor torpedo boats attacked a German lighter convoy northwest of Rome, setting an escorting E boat afire. The heavy German counterattacks which drove the Americans back from their first Rapido River bridge head last week end apparently had slackened. Reinforced American in fantry then surged over the stream at an undisclosed point. British troops on the western coastal end of the 5th Army line attacked and occupied Mount Cera cole, 2 miles west of Castelforte. It was considered likely that the i See ITALY, Page A-5J Bombers Raid France Fourth Straight Day Mosquitos Hit Targets In Western Germany Ey the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 26. — Allied bombers and fighters today ham mered targets in Northern France for the fourth straight day after swift RAF Mosquitos had broken a one-night lull in the Allied aerial offensive by stabbing at unspecified objectives in Western Germany. RAF raiders also struck at North ern France during the night opera tions, which were carried out with out loss, the Air Ministry said. The day raiders encountered poorer conditions than yesterday, when the weather was almost ideal and were flying under a layer of light cloud as they swept across the channel. American Thunderbolts dropped bombs on enemy airfields at Gil zerijen, Holland, yesterday for the second time in three days as other allied planes rocked the French coast. The Americans bombed airfields at Leeuwarden, also in Holland, while Thunderbolt fighters swept the entire Zuider Zee area. The American operations were carried out without loss. Strong formations of bombers and fighters hit the French coast yester day morning and returned to drop more explosives in the afternoon. The raids were carried out by RAF, Dominion and Allied Mitchell and Boston medium bombers and Ty phoon fighter-bombers escorted by i fighters. Two of the latter failed i to return. i 77,000Massacred PolesVictims Of Nazis, Soviet Probers Say Commission Charges Germans Shot Katyn Prisoners By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 26.—The Mos cow radio announced today that a special Soviet commission had found 11,000 bodies in Polish uniforms buried in the Katyn Forest, 10 miles from Smolensk, and charged that they were "Polish war prisoners shot by the German invaders.” The broadcast, recorded by the Soviet monitor, said the special com mission began its inquiry Septem ber 26, 1943, when Lt. Gen. Nikolai N. Burdenko of the People’s Com missariat of Health and other mem bers and experts arrived at Smo lensk. ( “The experts made a thorough in vestigation of the bodies, documents and factual evidence found on the (See BODIES, Page A-4.) News Writers See Exhumation of Bodies in Forest By HENRY C. CASSIDY, Associated Press War Correspondent. SMOLENSK, Jan. 26.—A party of American and British cerre spondents were taken today to Katyn Forest, 10 miles outside Smolensk, and shown the scene where a special Soviet investi gating commission charges the Germans shot thousands of Poles, one by one, in August and September, 1941. The German story that the Poles were shot by the Russians in March and April, 1940, was described by the commission as "provocation.” A special train took the cor respondents to the scene where they were shown bodies in mass graves, medical experts at work making post-mortem examinations and the (See CASSIDY. Page A-4.» Soviet Drive in North Cuts Main Railways From Leningrad Area Nazi Force of 250,000 Must Use Secondary Lines for Retreat BULLETIN. LONDON UP).—The capture of Krasnogvardeisk was an nounced today by Premier Stalin in an order of the day. The special order said the town had been transformed by the Nazis into a fortress with a developed system of permanent fortifications. The town, once known as Gatchina and renamed by the Russians Krasnogvardeisk—Red guard ian—was won in a night as sault originating from the direction of Pushkin, 14 miles to the northeast. Ey the Associated Press. MOSCOW. Jan. 26.—The great Russian northern offensive has reached the two main railroads running west and south of Len ingrad, cutting off approxi mately 250,000 Nazi troops from direct communication with the rest of the German Army. A Soviet- war communique an nounced last night that Gen. Leonid A. Govorov’s Leningrad army had fought its way into the strategic rail hub of Krasnogvar deisk, 30 miles southwest of Rus sia’s second city, to sever the im portant trunk line running west to the Estonian city of Reval. Kras nogvardiesk also is the northern terminus of a railway running southwest to Luga and Pskov. Gen. Govorov's troops stormed into Krasnogvardiesk from Pushkin, 14 miles to the northeast, and front dispatches reported that the town, already outflanked from the east and west, was expected to fall mo mentarily. Junction Point Taken. Vladimirskaya. 9 miles east of Krasnogvardiesk on a branch line to Tosno, junction point on the Leningrad-Moscow main railway line, was captured in this drive, while other units of Gen. Govorov's forces moved across the Leningrad Moscow line between Tosno and Chudovo. i (A British radio broadcast, re corded by CBS, said today that Tosno’s capture was expected soon.) The Germans were reported bat tling violently to hold their grip on these main rail arteries, but their use of them already has been neutralized by Gen. Govorov's swift advance and the Nazis have been forced to fall back on two secondary lines running south to a junction with other railroads serving Luga and Pskov. Simultaneous Threat. These lines, however, were simul taneously threatened by the west ward advance of Gen. K. A. Me retskov’s Volkhov army from Nov gorod, which already is reported close to the junction points so vital to German escape plans. The main Moscow-Leningrad rail way was breached in a swift drive (See RUSSIA, Page A-5.) 2 Camp Pickett Men Killed, 5 Hurt When Car Hits Truck By the Associated Press. ASHLAND, Va„ Jan. 26.—Two Camp Pickett soldiers were killed and five others injured last night when the car in which they were riding was in a collision with a lumber truck on Route 1, 6 miles north of here. State police identified the dead as Alfred T. Novino, Philadelphia, and Otlie M. Williams, Upper Darby, Pa. The five injured men were taken to the Medical College of Vir ginia Hospital in Richmond. The extent of their injuries was not de termined immediately. Eden Reaffirms Policy Of Not Recognizing Partition of Poland Britain Leaves Loophole If Parties Consent to Changes in Border Es the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 26.—Cautiously sidestepping a showdown on the ticklish question of Polish terri torial sovereignty. Foreign Sec retary Anthony Eden today re affirmed Britain’s policy of not recognizing wartime changes in the map of Europe. However, he left a loophole by quoting the statement of Prime Min ister Churchill that no changes would be recognized ‘ unless they take place with the free consent and goodwill of the parties concerned.” Mr. Eden reiterated two previous statements of British policy. Mr. Churchill's words just quoted and Mr. Eden’s own statement in 1941 that "his majesty’s government do not recognize any territorial changes which have been effected in Poland since August. 1939.” The combination was interpreted here as meaning that Britain, while not taking sides in the Russian Polish wrangle, would accept any mutually agreed solution reached by the Soviet and Polish governments. Atlantic Charter Principles. Referring to a statement on non aggression of Polish territorial changes which he had addressed to the late Premier Gen. Wladyslaw Sikorski in 1941, after Russia and the Polish government in exile had signed a pact, Mr. Eden told Com mons: "This remains the position. His majesty’s government, of course, stands on the principles enunciated in the Atlantic Charter." Russia recently proposed that the Polish-Soviet frontier be adjusted on the basis of the Curzon Line pro posed by an Allied commission after the World War. This line would (See EDEN, Page A-4.) Russia Rejects U. S. Offer in Polish Row Turns Down Bid to Help Restore Relations By the Associated Press. Secretary of State Hull announced today that Russia had rejected the offer of the United States to em ploy its “good offices” in restoring diplomatic relations between Po land and Russia. At his news conference he brought out that the Russians took the po sition that they do not feel the sit uation between themselves and Po land is right for successful use of the American offer at this time. Mr. Hull said the Russians began their note of rejection with an ex pression of appreciation for the offer. What further action, if any, the United States may take, either alone or in co-operation with Britain, which also had offered to seek a resumption of relations between Poland and Russia, remained un answered by Mr. Hull. The United States made the offer 10 days ago. At the time Mr. Hull expressed hope that it might be accepted. There was no indication here as to what the Russians actually had in mind by saying that conditions have not rippned sufficiently for a hope of success in restoring their rela tions with Poland, but it seemed possible that their attitude might be unchanged from that in their recent criticisms of the Polish government in exile in London. Mr. Hull had no comment specifi cally on Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden’s statement in Commons today reaffirming Britain’s policy of not recognizing wartime changes in the territories pf European nations, which is the heart of the dispute between Russia and Poland. Police Round Up Many Suspected Of Espionage . BULLETIN. ASUNCION, Paraguay (&).— The government announced it frustrated an attempted revolution at dawn today. A communique from the Min istry of Interior said units of the disbanded Liberal party and allied organizations tried I to take possession of police | headquarters and barracks. _ i By the Associated Press. BUENOS AIRES, Jan. 26.—Ar gentina severed diplomatic rela tions with Germany and Japan today to complete belatedly a solid stand by the Western Hemi sphere against the Axis. The last of 21 republics in the Americas to break off relations with Germany and Japan, Argentina an nounced the action after a long night of conferences among leaders of the government of President' Gen. Pedro Ramirez. While these discussions were in progress, it also was revealed today,! police were busy rounding up many persons—-some reported to be mem bers of Argentine society—in an ex tensive espionage ring which has been operating in the country. It was said "sensational revelations" concerning the spy ring would be made. Ramirez to Go on Air. President Ramirez himself ar ranged to broadcast his govern ment's decision to the people. <Gen. Arturo Rawson, who led the June revolution, but later gave up the presidency to Gen. Ramirez, asserted today that the break with the Axis "fulfilled the fundamental objective of the revolution." Gen. Rawson. who made his statement in Rio de Janeiro, is now Argentine Am bassador to Brazil.) Following Gen. Ramirez's signing | of the decree ending relations it was | announced that the German and Japanese Ambassadors would be handed their passports immediately. The action today, two years after most other Latin American coun tries had cut their connections with the Axis, followed an announcement last week of the arrest by the British of an Argentine consul when his iboat stopped at Trinidad en route to Europe. Charged With Spying. The consul, Omar Alberto Hel muth, was on his way to Barcelona, Spain, when he was removed from the boat and charged with spying. Acting on evidence supplied by British authorities, Argentina began rounding up numerous persons im plicated in the ring. (Montevideo dispatches said the espionage ring had been working in close touch with the German and Japanese Embassies in Buenos Aires. (Subversive activities, appar ently originating in Argentina, were held responsible by the United States, Britain and other countries for the overthrow of the Bolivian government in De cember. Argentina alone has seen fit to recognize the new Bolivian regime headed by Maj. Gualberto Villarroel. (Montevideo reports said Ar gentina's break with the Axis was interpreted there as a last-min ute attempt to regain good stand ing among the American nations * and forestall possible stern ac tion against it by the rest of the hemipshere.) TJ. S. Ambassador Informed. Gen. Ramirez signed the decree at 8:10 a.m. (7:10 a.m. Eastern war time) and Foreign Minister Alberto Gilbert immediately went to the Foreign Ministry where he awaited the Chilean Ambassador, Rios Gal lardo. After informing Rios Gallardo, Gilbert telephoned the United States Ambassador, Norman Armour. Rios Gallardo expressed great pleasure at the Argentine decision, asserting that_Argentina now stood (See ARGENTINA7Page A^16.)_ Phosphorus Shortage Revealed by Lilienthal By the Associated Press. The Government, in the opinion of Chairman David E. Lilienthal of the Tennessee Valley Authority, made an error in gauging its war time needs for phosphorous, an im portant war chemical, and as a result a “serious shortage” has de veloped. He declared TVA for more than two years has been unsuccessfully seeking priorities for construction of a $6,500,000 plant to manufacture phosphorus at Mobile, Ala. Only recently, he said, has the War Production Board given "belated recognition” to the situation and adopted "makeshift methods to catch up with this precious lost time.” . The TVA chairman’s views became known today with publication of House Appropriations Committee testimony on requests for funds for various independent Government agencies. TVA asked for no money, explain ing it is adequately financed for the present with still unspent ap propriations and expected revenues from power sales, but Mr. Lilienthal took occasion to protest what is being done about the Nation’s phos phorus supply. ^m^SAY, HARRY, ISNTff MM 9 Jhtufdf So If NO,CHIEF, THAT'S RERE ,N0UR ¥ HENRY WALLACE ' FOR - Land Urges Ban on Sea Trade \ Of Axis in Own Ships After War Tells Congress Japs Would Convert All Ocean-Going Craft to Fighting Vessels By the Associated Press. The Axis powers should not be permitted to have any overseas trade in their own vessels “for a period of years” after the war, Chairman Emory S. Land of the Maritime Commission has ad vised Congress. In testimony on the independent offices appropriation bill for 1945, made public today. Admiral Land said proper control of the enemy's merchant marine operations was “just as necessary to maintaining a future peace as is their disarming and the prevention of their re arming.” /'With our little yellow enemies over there,” the admiral told the committee, “everything they have built for the past 10 years or so is a combatant ship. Don't deceive yourself at all about that. Every tanker, every cargo ship, whatever type ship they have built, has be come a combatant ship. “If you want to have peace in the world for the next generation'you had better put the screws on these boys and keep them there a while. Let them run their rivers and har bors shipping and the coastal ship- ] ping, but I don't think the Japs] have any right to be treated as] civilized human beings, and I would' not let them do any flying or have any transoceanic merchant marine.” | If allowed to build seagoing craft, he said, they would be subject to rapid conversion to fighting ships' and ‘‘I don't think you can trust them any more than you would trust a she bear with cubs, unless there were a couple of bullet holes in the bear." Although his preliminary remarks referred generally to "the Axis powers," Admiral Land's testimony went "oft the record" when he was asked specifically if he would apply the same rule to Germany. The American merchant marine, Admiral Land told the committee, will be the "ace in the hole" at the peace table. Ships, he said, are the only article of war which has “more value in peace than it has in war." With a warning that "we can take no chances on losing atr su (See APPROPRIATIONsTPg. A-16.) Bill Increasing Power Of Commissioners Reported Favorably House Committee Votes Unanimous Approval Of Hebert Measure Bv DON S. WARREN. A favorable report on the bill of Representative Hebert, Dem-I ocrat, of Louisiana to give addi- j tional administrative powers to the District Commissioners, forj the dual purpose of centralizing responsibilities and relieving, Congress of legislating on minor city administrative details, was ordered today by the House Dis trict Committee by unanimous vote. The bill probably will be called up for action in the House in the near future, and Chairman Randolph of the House District Committee pre dicted approval. Mr. Hebert described a measure as “not a cure-all—but a step in the right direction.” suggesting a series of other bills dealing with the pow ers, responsibilities and organization of the city government should be taken up later but should be treated separately. Asked if he agreed with the Dis trict government reorganization re port of E. A. Griffenhagen and asso ciates, Mr. Hebert replied he did as the objective of centralizing the Commissioners’ authority, but added, amid committee laughter, “but I don't want Griffenhagen hung around my neck—we had him down in Louisiana proposing State gov ernment reorganization.” Agree on Corrective Steps. Chairman Randolph and other members of the committee agreed the lack of administrative powers of the Commissioners now causes “cumbersome” procedures which promptly should be corrected. Mr. Randolph added: “Passage of this measure is over due, and I am sure the membership of the House unanimously will ap prove the measure. I trust lurther steps can be taken through enact ment of legislation which will more nearly place the responsibility for municipal administration upon the Commissioners where it rightfully belongs. A mere reading of the ad ditional powers now proposed to be granted to the Commissioners makes the need for this bill self-evident.” The District Committee also re ported favorably on four other measures and voted adversely on a bill which would waive for the war’s duration the three-day waiting pe riod for issuance of marriage li censes to members of the armed services and the merchant marine. The committee laid aside tem (8ee D. C. BILLS, Page A-4.) Briggs Posts Bond Of $3,000, Refuses To Discuss Case Trial Will Take Place In Spring, Justice Officials Indicate George N. Briggs, charged with forging the celebrated “Hopkins letter,” posted bond of $3,000 at the criminal clerk’s office in District 'Court today and hurried away with his law yer after declining to comment on the case. "Not a word, not a word.” Briggs said. He was accompanied to court by Attorney Richard N. Galliher and Fred Owens, representing the bonding house. Briggs posted $1,000 for each of the three indictments returnei against him by the Dis trict grand jury, which charged him with forgery, using the mails to de fraud and obtaining money under false pretenses. Justice Department officials indi cated that Briggs. 55, suspended assistant to Secretary of the In terior Ickes, would be tried in the spring. The next step now is his arraignment and Henry C. Schwein haut, Assistant Attorney General in charge of the case, indicated Briggs would be arraigned Friday. Reason for Letter Not Explained. One of the mysteries about the letter still remaining after the in dictments were returned is why it was written. The letter, signed with the name of Harry Hopkins, (See BRIGGS, Page A-2.) Smith Group Charges WLB Exceeds Powers In Dictating Contracts Asserts It Is Violating Constitution in Rulings On Union Membership By the Associated Press. The War Labor Board was ac cused today by the Smith Com mittee of the House of violating the Constitution by requiring maintenance-of-union-member ship clauses in contracts between workers and employers. The committee, set up to investi gate “acts of executive agencies be yond the scope of their authority,” declared in a blistering report to the House that the Constitution cannot be suspended by the President or his agents “merely because a state of war exists." If the board's “autocratic chal lenge to constitutional authority re mains unanswered and unremedied.” the report said, “it will imperil our present economic system and will mark the transition of our Govern ment from one of law to one of men.” Five or Seven Sign Report. Five of the seven committee mem bers, including Chairman Smith, signed the report. A dissenting opin ion was filed by Representatives Voorhis of California and Delaney of New York, Democrats, who held the board “has not exceeded au thority duly granted to it by Con gress itself.” Signing the majority report with Mr. Smith were Representatives Peterson. Democrat, of Georgia; Hartley of New Jersey, Jennings of Tennessee and Hoffman of Michigan. Republicans. The majority listed these policies as "highly dangerous and menacing to the system of private enterprise and the constitutional right of ju dicial review of administrative de cisions”: “1. The board has adopted the policy that financial staus or ability to pay of the employer is irrelevant and immaterial and that any em ployer whose business does not jus tify the payment of what the board in its judgment or generosity re gards as a decent standard of wages is economically inefficient and ought not to be permitted to remain in business. New Legal Doctrine. “2. The board takes the position that it has the right not only to fix future wages but to render a money award for back wages for services already rendered and paid for without affording the employer an effective right of judicial review. “3. The board has promulgated and enforced a new legal doctrine to the effect that it has the power and authority to compel the parties to execute a contract to do any thing that the parties might volun tarily do, irrespective of whether there is any legal or contractual obligation on the parties so to do. “(4) To order an employer against (See WLB, Page A-5.1 Dean Dun Will Be Consecrated Bishop of Washington April 19 By JAMES WALDO FAWCETT. The Very Rev. Angus Dun of Cam bridge, Mass., will be consecrated fourth Bishop of Washington at Washington Cathedral on Wednes day, April 19, it was announced to day by Charles F. Wilson, chancellor of the diocese. Arrangements for the induction ceremony will be in the hands of the Most Rev. Henry St. George Tucker, presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church in America. The formal “consent” of the de nomination at large, as represented by the approval of the diocesan standing committees and bishops from coast to coast, is being obtained and soon will be complete. Meanwhile the British Embassy has let it be known that tho Arch bishop of York, the Most Rev. C. F. Garbett, “hopes to visit the United States shortly after Easter.” This may mean that the primate of England will participate in the con secration service. At the Cathedral offices today, it was said that, in any event, he is expected to visit Washington and to preach at Mount St. Alban. Reports from Toronto also suggest that Archbishop Garbett may be accompanied in his tour of the United States by the Most Rev. Derwyn Trevor Owen, Archbishop of Toronto and Primate of the Church of England in Canada since 1934. Asked to confirm the news, Canon Charles W. F. Smith, speaking for the Cathedral clergy, said he under stood that "all the archbishops” of the Canadian branch of the church will be invited to Washington for the consecration of the new bishop. A great number of American bish ops and other high ecclesiastical authorities also are expected to at tend. President Calls Senate Soldier Vote Bill Fraud Requests Congress To Pass Federal Ballot Measure (Text of Message on Page A-16.) Condemning the Senate-ap proved soldier-vote bill as “mean ingless” and “a fraud,” President Roosevelt today called on Con gress to enact legislation that would give servicemen and wom en “a voice in choosing the per sonnel of their own Federal Government.” The President in a message said the Eastland-Rankin bill which put service voting up to the St. es would not permit servicemen to vote with any greater facility than a Federal absentee ballot law enacted in 1942 under which only approximately 28.000 men voted last November out of a total of 5.70(1,000 at that time in the armed forces. "What is needed is a complete change of machinery,” the President said, adding that he believed the bills proposed by Senators Green of Rhode Island and Lucas of Illinois, and Representative Worley of Texas, all Democrats, would meet the situ ation, adding that "they set up proper and efficient machinery for absentee balloting.” Senator Taft Protests. The moment the Senate clerk finished reading the President’s message. Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio jumped to his feet and de clared : "I resent, as one of those who pro pose State voting for the •armed services, the designation of that pro posal as £. fraud.” Senator Taft said the President had delivered "a direct insult to the Senate and a direct insult to the House” with his message indorsing the Greeen-Lucas Federal vote bill now pending in the Senate. "Some of the statements are not true.” Senator Taft continued. "Some of them are argumentative.” Could Vote Straight Ticket. Under the Federal ballot plan blank ballots would be sent to the armed forces all over the world and imme diately after the primaries and nom inating conventions lists of candi dates would be distributed to enable choices to be written in. The serv ice people also would have the op jportunity to vote a straight party ! ticket if desired. The President ateo called on the Senate and House to let their votes ; on this legislation be publicly re j corded. He explained he understood that under the rules of Congress * the legislation could be approved or rejected without a roll call, but that he feels “there would be wide spread resentment on the part of the people of the Nation if they were able to find out how their in dividual representatives had ex pressed themselves on this legisla tion—which goes to the root of the right of citizenship." A move has been started in the House by supporters of a Federal ballot to line up members pledged to join in a move to insure a roll call vote on that type of ballot. To do that they will have to muster sufficient strength to amend the special House rule drafted by the Rules Committee to govern debate on the issue. The President said he had hesi tated to speak on the roll-call issue because he realized it was a legisla tive matter and that the executive had nothing to do with such rules, but that "nevertheless, there are times. I think, when the President can speak as an interested citizen.” Soldiers “Have No Lobby.” In unusually vehement language, the President said. "Our millions of fighting men do not have any lobby or pressure group on Capitol Hill to see that justice is done for them” and added: “I am sure that I can express their wishes in this matter and their re sentment against the discrimination which is being practiced against them.” At the outset of his message the President said the American peo ple are much concerned over the fact that “the vast majority of the 11,000,000 members of the armed forces" will not get to vote in the “important” national election this fall unless adequate legislation is promptly enacted and that “the men and women who are in the armed forces are rightfully indig nant about it.” Mr., Roosevelt said “practical dif ficulties and th3 element of time make it virtually impossible” for the servicemen and women to com ply with the different voting laws of the 48 States, such as would be required under the Senate bill which is now before the House. He explained: Four States permit no absentee voting in general elections; 11 others require personal registration, while still others permit absentee regis tration but in some instances under such complicated procedure that sol diers and sailors in ditsant parts of the world cannot comply with the requirements as a matter of practi cality. Even though registration re quirements could be met, the Presi dent continued, there are other mechanical difficulties in the way. 1942 Statute Ineffective. Mr. Roosevelt said Congress took Cognizance of this “intolerable situa tion facing millions of our citizens” in 1942 and passed a Federal absen tee balolt statute, but, he added, the results in the last general election showed how ineffective that was. “The need for new legislation is evident if we are really sincere—and not merely rendering Up service to our soldiers and sailors,” the Presi dent declared. Mr. Rooaevelt said he was sura that it was with tongues in cheeks that some had recommended im (See SERVICE VOTE, Page A-18.1 It fakes More Than Two $100 Bonds to Equip a Soldier—How Much are You Contributing?