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7 D. C. Area Officers
Promoted by Army; 3 Reserves Called Three more Washington area men, two of them doctors, have been called to duty and seven others have been given temporary pro motions, the War Department an nounced today, Called to ac tive duty were Dr. Simon C, Weiner, 1361 Sheridan street N.W., and Dr. John F. Dono hue of the St, Elizabeth’s Hos pital staff, both of whom are first lieutenants, Col. Gibson. ancj Bowen K. Kennedy, 1337 Jefferson street N.W., a second lieutenant. Samuel D. Gibson of 9 Radclifl road, Alexandria, was advanced from major to lieutenant colonel. Richard Ganong, 6601 Fourteenth street N.W., and Eliott F. Noyes, 217 Gibson street, Alexandria, were pro moted from captain to major. Walter H. Griffin, formerly of Washington, was elevated from first lieutenant to captain, while those promoted from second to first lieu tenant were Denver O. Williams, 1310 W street N.W.; Paul Mon roe Meyer, 100 North Carlin road, Arlington, and Sidney L. Sharpe, 706 North Fillmore street, Arling ton. Dr. Weiner, 29. left Friday for Carlisle Bar racks, Pa. Dr. Donohue, 31, formerly was as sistant medical officer at St. Dr- Weiner. Elizabeth's Hospital. Col. Gibson, 48, is stationed with the Air Forces at Morris Field, Charlotte, N. C. He was bom in Washington and was graduated from Eastern High School. Maj. uanong, jj, is stationed with the civilian personnel department of the Air Forces at Gravelly Point. Before going into the Army in June, 1942, he was employed in the State Tech nical Advisory Service of the Social Security Board. Maj. Noyes. 33, is stationed with the glider branch of the Army Air Forces in the Pentagon Building. A glider specialist Maj. Ganoni. who was called here especially to help develop the Air Force’s glider program, Maj. Noyes was president and organizer of the Altosaurus Glider Club, com posed of glider enthusiasts in the New England States. Lt. Williams, 27, former War De partment clerk, went into the serv ice in October, 1941. He was born in Washington and was graduated from Armstrong Technical High School. He was stationed with the Medical Corps at Fort Fuachucha, Ariz., but at present is on maneuvers in Louisiana. Indian Skipper Of Plane Carrier Cited for Work Br the Associated Press. PEARL HARBOR, Jan. 26 (Be laved).—Navy honors are coming in quick succession to “The Chief,” fighting Indian skipper of aircraft carriers in the Atlantic and Pacific. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz an nounced today that Capt. Joseph J. Clark of Chelsea, Okla., first Indian appointed to Annapolis, has been commended for the performance of his ship. Two days earlier. President Roose velt nominated “The Chief” for a rear admiralcy and mentioned that he had been executive officer of a carrier in raids on the Gilbert and Marshall Islands—presumably in February, 1942, Since that time, Capt. Clark has commissioned a carrier and crossed the Atlantic to participate in the invasion of Sicily; and skippered another in the Pacific August 31, 1943, when 75 per cent destruction of Japanese installations on Marcus Island wTas reported. Repatriated A. P. Man Says Japs Made Slaves of Bataan Men (Raymond P. Cronin, Associ ated Press bureau chief in Manila, was interned at Santo Tomas Camp for civilians from January, 1942, until repatriated last September. Serving on the camp’s Self-Government Com mittee, he was able to maintain contacts with the outside.) By RAYMOND P. CRONIN, Associated Press Correspondent. LOS ANGELES, Jan. 31.—A life of cruel slavery was the fate of most of the 6,500 American soldiers held in Japanese Military Prison Camp No. 1 near Cabanatuan when I left the Philippines as a repatriate late last September. The same cruelties dominated the lives of about 400 other Americans held in a schoolhouse at Pasay, suburb of Manila, after they had slaved all day at Nichols Airfield and on the roads in that area. Eyewitnesses of the Bataan sur render, the march of death and events in the Cabanatuan camp told me their stories while I was in the civilian prison camp at Santo Tomas, Manila. At the outset, our soldiers were herded behind barbed wire and left in open fields at Camp No. 1 to face the tropical sun and rain. The wounded and sick who were dragged along from Bataan were given little care. The death list at Cabanatuan alone totaled around 4,000 at the time I left the Philippines. Beds Unheard Of. Most of these fatalities were due to lack of surgical and medical treatment of any kind. Death laid heavy hand on the untreated wounded. Scores of others died of malaria or dysentery, as sanitary facilities were nil and drinking water was at a premium. None of the prisoners had the vitally needed mosquito net. Beds were unheard of for more than a year. The soldiers worked on nearby roads under Jap guards who de lighted in swinging clubs on those who faltered. In two cases attempted escapes by men willing to take their chances in the nearby wild Corderillo Moun tains with the Ilongot and Abalao head hunters in preference to the Japs, the offenders were brought to the center of the camp and a few were beheaded while the others were shot. Clubbings with the limbs of trees, heavy bamboo sticks or two-by fours were the daily fare of prison ers who, undernourished, could not do pick and shovel duty for as long las 12 hours a day. Wore Only Shorts. In about May of 1943 the Japs finally produced some dilapidated cots and nets for the wooden bar racks which were erected by the prisoners. They also provided some quinine but the quantity was trivial. Almost 1,500 men needed such med icine instead of the few who re ceived it. The prisoners wore only ragged shorts. They had no shoes, no hats, no shirt, as they labored over the rough ground under burning trop ical sun or cold deluges of rain. I received from a trustworthy source a story which might be called V Portraits of Quality ) L Give Your Photograph y \ as a 4 l Birthday Gift \ ‘Underwood ) | CUnderwood ] y Portraits. $25 a dozen up L V Thur.'til 9 P.M., Sun. 12-4 j j Telephone EMerson 0200 V ( Connecticut Ave. at 0 ) Dr. Edwards'Great Formula For Constipation Benefits Nation Of Sufferers! For over 20 years Dr. F. M. Edwards (a noted Ohio Physician) successfully re lieved scores of patients suffering from constipation with Its headaches, mental dullness and upset stomach, gas, bloating. This wise Doctor knew liver bile must flow freely every day Into your Intestines —otherwise constipation often results. So ^ urinieur he kept this In mind when he perfected m "tauatnt his famous Dr. Edwards Olive Tablets. -► NO PEP Olive Tablets, being purely vegetable. 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If your cough persists see your Doctor. “Life in Cabanatuan Camp.” It was in short, snappy sentences: Up at 5:45 a.m. Exercise and roll call. Breakfast at 6. Rice mush only. Work on the roads or on the vegetable farm from 6:30 to noon without shoes, hats or shirts. Lunch, rice again, or corn, in the form of soup. Back to work at 12:45 pm. Roll call at 6:30 p.m. Dinner, rice covered with a vegetable stew. Rec r reation, games and other small pleasures, until 9 p.m. Lights out. One must be real sick and in the hospital to escape work. The Japs confiscated the few books and magazines available. Only read ing material, Junky Nippon-go propaganda. Favorite sport of Japs —broken arms. They delight in catching one of the American prisoners in some infraction of the rules, no matter how trivial. Two soldiers grab the offender while another breaks his arm. Have a dozen broken arm cases in the hospital right now (during late July, 1943). The same treatment was accorded prisoners at Pasay. Their condition was so pitiful as they marched through the streets that Filipino men and women openly wept. Yet these boys, more than half starved and with nothing to wear except G-strings, went through the streets time and again singing "God Bless America.” Filipinos who tried to throw them packs of cigarettes or small bits of food were beaten by Jap guards. One Pasay prisoner working at Nichols Field, unable to carry on, dropped his pick and sat down on the ground. A Jap soldier slugged him with a rifle butt. Comrades carried him in that evening and asked for a doctor. The Japs re fused. He died that night. Knowing what was going on at the Cabanatuan Camp, I appealed to the Jape through Earl Carroll, executive chairman of the Santo Tomas Camp, to allow me to re cruit about 100 civilian prisoners who would surrender themselves into the military camp to take, care of the wounded and sick. I had the volunteers before I sub mitted the plan. The Army and Navy nurses in our camp volun teered to go along. As I understand it, the matter was submitted to a member of Gen. Homma’s staff. He thought we were crazy. He wanted to know whether we understood what we would face in the military prison camp where, he assured us, we would be treated as soldier prisoners. We did. The Jape turned down the Army and Navy nurses immediately. After a few more weeks, they asked me for guarantees that the volunteers would not work among the Filipinos if permitted to go north. In desperation I gave the guar antees even though it would have gone against our grain to ignore our Filipino comrades in arms. About a month later, when Ca banatuan Camp deaths were total ing around 30 a week, the Jape turned down our offer, declaring that conditions were much im proved. 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