Newspaper Page Text
7 D. C. Area Officers
Promoted by Army;
3 Reserves Called
Three more Washington area men,
two of them doctors, have been
called to duty and seven others
have been given
motions, the War
Called to ac
tive duty were
Dr. Simon C,
N.W., and Dr.
John F. Dono
hue of the St,
pital staff, both
of whom are
Col. Gibson. ancj Bowen K.
Kennedy, 1337 Jefferson street N.W.,
a second lieutenant.
Samuel D. Gibson of 9 Radclifl
road, Alexandria, was advanced
from major to lieutenant colonel.
Richard Ganong, 6601 Fourteenth
street N.W., and Eliott F. Noyes, 217
Gibson street, Alexandria, were pro
moted from captain to major.
Walter H. Griffin, formerly of
Washington, was elevated from first
lieutenant to captain, while those
promoted from second to first lieu
tenant were Denver O. Williams,
1310 W street
N.W.; Paul Mon
roe Meyer, 100
and Sidney L.
29. left Friday
for Carlisle Bar
racks, Pa. Dr.
formerly was as
officer at St. Dr- Weiner.
Col. Gibson, 48, is stationed with
the Air Forces at Morris Field,
Charlotte, N. C. He was bom in
Washington and was graduated
from Eastern High School.
Maj. uanong, jj, is stationed with
the civilian personnel department
of the Air Forces at Gravelly Point.
into the Army
in June, 1942, he
was employed in
the State Tech
Service of the
33, is stationed
with the glider
branch of the
Army Air Forces
in the Pentagon
Maj. Ganoni. who was called
here especially to help develop the
Air Force’s glider program, Maj.
Noyes was president and organizer
of the Altosaurus Glider Club, com
posed of glider enthusiasts in the
New England States.
Lt. Williams, 27, former War De
partment clerk, went into the serv
ice in October, 1941. He was born
in Washington and was graduated
from Armstrong Technical High
School. He was stationed with the
Medical Corps at Fort Fuachucha,
Ariz., but at present is on maneuvers
Of Plane Carrier
Cited for Work
Br the Associated Press.
PEARL HARBOR, Jan. 26 (Be
laved).—Navy honors are coming in
quick succession to “The Chief,”
fighting Indian skipper of aircraft
carriers in the Atlantic and Pacific.
Admiral Chester W. Nimitz an
nounced today that Capt. Joseph J.
Clark of Chelsea, Okla., first Indian
appointed to Annapolis, has been
commended for the performance of
Two days earlier. President Roose
velt nominated “The Chief” for a
rear admiralcy and mentioned
that he had been executive officer
of a carrier in raids on the Gilbert
and Marshall Islands—presumably
in February, 1942,
Since that time, Capt. Clark has
commissioned a carrier and crossed
the Atlantic to participate in the
invasion of Sicily; and skippered
another in the Pacific August 31,
1943, when 75 per cent destruction
of Japanese installations on Marcus
Island wTas reported.
Repatriated A. P. Man Says Japs
Made Slaves of Bataan Men
(Raymond P. Cronin, Associ
ated Press bureau chief in
Manila, was interned at Santo
Tomas Camp for civilians from
January, 1942, until repatriated
last September. Serving on the
camp’s Self-Government Com
mittee, he was able to maintain
contacts with the outside.)
By RAYMOND P. CRONIN,
Associated Press Correspondent.
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 31.—A life
of cruel slavery was the fate of
most of the 6,500 American soldiers
held in Japanese Military Prison
Camp No. 1 near Cabanatuan when
I left the Philippines as a repatriate
late last September.
The same cruelties dominated the
lives of about 400 other Americans
held in a schoolhouse at Pasay,
suburb of Manila, after they had
slaved all day at Nichols Airfield
and on the roads in that area.
Eyewitnesses of the Bataan sur
render, the march of death and
events in the Cabanatuan camp
told me their stories while I was
in the civilian prison camp at Santo
At the outset, our soldiers were
herded behind barbed wire and
left in open fields at Camp No. 1
to face the tropical sun and rain.
The wounded and sick who were
dragged along from Bataan were
given little care.
The death list at Cabanatuan
alone totaled around 4,000 at the
time I left the Philippines.
Beds Unheard Of.
Most of these fatalities were due
to lack of surgical and medical
treatment of any kind. Death laid
heavy hand on the untreated
Scores of others died of malaria or
dysentery, as sanitary facilities were
nil and drinking water was at a
None of the prisoners had the
vitally needed mosquito net. Beds
were unheard of for more than a
The soldiers worked on nearby
roads under Jap guards who de
lighted in swinging clubs on those
In two cases attempted escapes by
men willing to take their chances
in the nearby wild Corderillo Moun
tains with the Ilongot and Abalao
head hunters in preference to the
Japs, the offenders were brought to
the center of the camp and a few
were beheaded while the others were
Clubbings with the limbs of trees,
heavy bamboo sticks or two-by
fours were the daily fare of prison
ers who, undernourished, could not
do pick and shovel duty for as long
las 12 hours a day.
Wore Only Shorts.
In about May of 1943 the Japs
finally produced some dilapidated
cots and nets for the wooden bar
racks which were erected by the
prisoners. They also provided some
quinine but the quantity was trivial.
Almost 1,500 men needed such med
icine instead of the few who re
The prisoners wore only ragged
shorts. They had no shoes, no hats,
no shirt, as they labored over the
rough ground under burning trop
ical sun or cold deluges of rain.
I received from a trustworthy
source a story which might be called
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“Life in Cabanatuan Camp.” It was
in short, snappy sentences:
Up at 5:45 a.m. Exercise and roll
call. Breakfast at 6. Rice mush
Work on the roads or on the
vegetable farm from 6:30 to noon
without shoes, hats or shirts.
Lunch, rice again, or corn, in the
form of soup. Back to work at
Roll call at 6:30 p.m. Dinner, rice
covered with a vegetable stew. Rec
reation, games and other small
pleasures, until 9 p.m. Lights out.
One must be real sick and in the
hospital to escape work.
The Japs confiscated the few books
and magazines available. Only read
ing material, Junky Nippon-go
Favorite sport of Japs —broken
arms. They delight in catching one
of the American prisoners in some
infraction of the rules, no matter
how trivial. Two soldiers grab the
offender while another breaks his
arm. Have a dozen broken arm
cases in the hospital right now
(during late July, 1943).
The same treatment was accorded
prisoners at Pasay. Their condition
was so pitiful as they marched
through the streets that Filipino
men and women openly wept. Yet
these boys, more than half starved
and with nothing to wear except
G-strings, went through the streets
time and again singing "God Bless
America.” Filipinos who tried to
throw them packs of cigarettes or
small bits of food were beaten by
One Pasay prisoner working at
Nichols Field, unable to carry on,
dropped his pick and sat down on
the ground. A Jap soldier slugged
him with a rifle butt. Comrades
carried him in that evening and
asked for a doctor. The Japs re
fused. He died that night.
Knowing what was going on at the
Cabanatuan Camp, I appealed to
the Jape through Earl Carroll,
executive chairman of the Santo
Tomas Camp, to allow me to re
cruit about 100 civilian prisoners
who would surrender themselves
into the military camp to take, care
of the wounded and sick.
I had the volunteers before I sub
mitted the plan. The Army and
Navy nurses in our camp volun
teered to go along.
As I understand it, the matter was
submitted to a member of Gen.
Homma’s staff. He thought we were
crazy. He wanted to know whether
we understood what we would face
in the military prison camp where,
he assured us, we would be treated
as soldier prisoners. We did.
The Jape turned down the Army
and Navy nurses immediately.
After a few more weeks, they
asked me for guarantees that the
volunteers would not work among
the Filipinos if permitted to go
In desperation I gave the guar
antees even though it would have
gone against our grain to ignore
our Filipino comrades in arms.
About a month later, when Ca
banatuan Camp deaths were total
ing around 30 a week, the Jape
turned down our offer, declaring
that conditions were much im
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