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Light snow tonight, changing to rain tomorrow morning. Temperatures today—Highest. 34, at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 23, at 6:55 ajn. Yes terday—Highest, 44, at 12:01 a.m.; low est, 30, at 11:55 p.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-19 Guide for Readers Page. Amusements B-12-13 Comics.B-18-19 Editorials .A-10 Edit'l Articles..A-ll Finance _A-19 Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary .A-12 Radio .B-19 Society..B-3 Sports.A-17 Where to O0...B-15 Woman’s Page.B-14 1 -.---..—....» An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,435. _ WASHINGTON, D. C., »WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1944 —FORTY PAGES. *** ,TK. THREE CENTS. EZSST9 Marshalls Invaders Battle Japs For Control of Kwajalein Atoll; Beachheads Set Up on 10 Islets I Strong Opposition Met at Major Points in Attack On Mandated Islands (Map on Page A-7.) By the Associated Pvcse. American invasion forces fought today on damp, low lying islets for control of Kwajaiein Atoll in the heavily fortified Marshalls in a mighty co-ordinated assault on the outer front line of the Japanese Empire. Troops who landed Monday after a terrific three-day bombard ment of enemy positions, quickly threw up beachheads on at least 10 of the 30-odd islets forming the central, and largest, of the chain of mid-Pacific bases. The Japanese showed little resistance at some invasion points Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, in announcing the start of the expected offensive against the mandated islands, told of strong opposition apparently at the major islets of long, narrow Kwajaiein. The 4th Marine Division, commanded by Maj. Gen. Harry Schmidt, landed at Roi, the northernmost tip of the atoll. Soldiers of the Army’s 7th Infantry Division, which had captured Attu in the Far North, swarmed ashore at Kwajaiein, at the southern end The 7th Division is commanded by Maj. Gen. Charles H. Corlett 4 *\---. ~ _ r A____ warsmps pourea mousanas o: tons of explosives into enemy in stallations in clearing the way foi the troop landings and even befon the actual invasion carrier plane: destroyed or damaged 113 Japaness planes, mostly at Roi. Confident of Final Victory. American commanders expressec confidence in final victory—a con fidence founded on the knowledgs that they had the support of th< greatest sea armada ever assem bled. But they cautioned againsi expecting a quick campaign, like th< three-day conquest of the Gilberts 300 miles to the south. Capture of Kwajalein. with ar excellent harbor, seaplane and sub marine bases, would expose Wotje and Maloelap. two other majoi atolls in the Marshalls lying almost directly east. It would develop new threats to the enemy, for Truk the Japanese naval bastion, is 1.20C miles southwest, and Tokio is 2.70C miles northwest. The invading forces by-passed eastern tRadak) line of atolls as well as those atolls north and south of Kwajalein were placed in such a position by the invasion stroke that Rear Admiral Richmond K. Turner, commanding amphibious operations, said: “We can either take them or let them wither on the vine.” Maj. Gen. Holland M. Smith is overall commander of the ground forces. Filling Up With Ships. Under the overall command of Vice Admiral R. A. Spruance, the most powerful fleet assembled, in cluding new battleships, aircraft carriers, cruisers and even sectet type vessels, escorted the trans ports and landing craft to the in vasion scene, 2.000 miles southwest of Pearl Harbor. Before the land ings. big guns of the naval escort churned Kwajalein and other atolls with a terrific bombardment. “Wherever we search, the whole damn Pacific is filling up with war ships,” a pilot had exclaimed on returning in a plane to his carrier while the invasion force was near ing the objective. Constant support is being af forded the ground forces by land based planes—7th Air Force units of Maj. Gen. Willis H. Hale; fleet airwing units of Rear Admiral Johr D. Price—and hundreds of planes from the carrier forces of Reas Admiral March Mitscher. It is the same type of air master? displayed during more than 2( straight days of neutralizing raid: prior to invasion. In that perioc more than 300 enemy planes wer< destroyed or damaged, 113 of th'eir on the last two days in the Mar shalls. More than 20 tons of ex plosives also hit Wake Island tc keep that enemy airbase from in terfering. Prepared for Long Fight. Despite such massing of power the Americans were prepared for weeks of fighting, if need be, to pul down Japanese resistance, organized for a quarter of a century in the mandated Marshalls. Undoubtedly these defenses include strong under ground fortifications. Admiral Nimitz’s communique an nouncing the invasion said that de spite the strong opposition encoun tered “information indicates that our casualties are moderate.” “Powerful forces of all types, com manded by Vice Admiral R. A Spruance, United States Navy, have begun operations, the objective ol which is the capture of the Marshall Islands,” the communique stated. Assembled from Many Points. Tire powerful naval forces referred to were assembled from Alaska, Ha waii, California, the Ellice Islands New Hebrides and Australia. The naval and Army personnel they carried embraced veterans of action in the Aleutians, the Solomons, the Gilberts, Africa and Sicily. “This is going to be tough,” com mented Admiral Turner, the am phibious commander. “We will lose some ships. We will lose some troops." But he assured: “We won’t come back until we’ve finished the job.” Ex-Cabinet Member Is Shot in Belgium By the Associatea Press. NEW YORK, Feb. 2.—Francois Bovesse, a former member of the Belgian cabinet, was shot in his home at Namur yesterday by “four unknown persons,” the ’ Nazi-con trolled Brussels radio said in a broadcast recorded by the Office ol War Information. It was not brought out whether his injuries were fatal. The OWI said Bovesse was known •s a strong anti-Nazi. % Reds Win South Shore Of Gulf of Finland by Capturing Kingisepp Baltic Fleet Given Opportunity to Aid In Land Campaign BULLETIN. LONDON iJP).—a Moscow broadcast announced tonight that Russian troops had made further “important gains” in thrusting westward from Kin gisepp. Since the town cap tured yesterday is only 8 miles from the border, this suggest ed that Soviet spearheads were already inside Estonia. German reports said the Reds were “trying to get across the River Narova,” indicating they had already pushed 6 miles into Estonia. Ey the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Feb. 2.—The Red 'Army west of Leningrad, press ing a strong campaign for lib eration of Estonia after seizing ■ the border town of Keikino, made swift progress today down | the broad highway and railroad which are parallel between cap tured Kingisepp and Narva. With the capture of Kingisepp the Russians now.control the entire southern shore of the Gulf of Fin land. This gives the Baltic fleet an opportunity to participate in the land campaign as it did in helping lift the siege of Leningrad. Narva would be one of the greatest prizes of the offensive, for it con trols the eastern shore of Lakt Peipus, along which are numerous fairly large towns. Narva with it! railroads to the south and west is s key to a vast area. Two Important Centers. The railroad to the south and f highway lead from the Baltic coasi to Pskov and the line to the wesi extends through Reval (Tallinn!. Two communications centers 01 i considerable importance lie west o; ; Narva. Ievve is 29 miles away anc Taps is 80 miles to the west. Iew< commands a road southwarc through the area north of Lak< Peipus and is the only connectior with the western shore. No rail road runs through this sector. Taps is a big junction connecting Reva directly with Russia and Poland. A Copenhagen dispatch to th£ Stockholm newspaper Dagens Nyhe ter said the Germans had seized seven Danish ships for use in evacu ating Baltic areas menaced by the Russians. Today's German communiq,ue said the Red Army had breached Ger man positions in the Ukraine south west of Denpropetrovsk and that the Russians continued to advance westward and southwestward from Novagradvolynsky. The Germans repeated an earlier announcement that Kingisepp had been abandoned and said the Rus sians maintained steady pressure between Lake Ilmen and the Gull of Finland and had launched new attacks in Southern White Russia in the vicinity of the Berezina and Pripet Rivers. New World Role Seen as Soviet Realigns States Each of 16 Republics May Seek Voice in Postwar Councils # By HENRY C. CASSIDY. Associated Press Foreign Correspondent. Moscow, Feb. 2.—Foreign dip lomats examining today the So viet Union’s reconstruction of the relationships of its 16 re public with the outside world saw in the move possibilities for one of the broadest, most elastic foreign policies of any govern ment in the world—one which could give Russia the opportu nity to swing great weight in Al lied councils. Increasing interest was shown in the trends the new program might take, especially whether the Soviet Union will seek to set up separate representations in the various coun tries with which it now has diplo matic relationships. Autonomy of the republics in for eign affairs would give the Soviets the legal right to task for multiple representation in such councils as the League of Nations like that en joyed by the British Commonwealth •jof Nations. Brilliant Work Seen. There are diplomatic authorities here who feel the Russians have pulled off a brilliant piece of work in international diplomacy, no mat ter what are the immediate devel opments. The history-making plan adopt ed unanimously by the Supreme So viet (Russian Parliament) last night gave the 16 republics the pow er to deal directly with other coun tries and raise their own army units. Foreign Commissar Vyacheslav Molotov submitted the proposition, explaining to the delegates “this new step forward in the nationality question,” concerning the various nationalities in the union, resulted “through the success of the Soviet Union as a whole in the war against the invader.” Great Bargaining Power. Autonomy of the 16 republics—in cluding Estonia, Latvia and Lithu ania—would give the Soviets great bargaining power in foreign rela tions. It is believed that Russia will seek to realize as much as legally possible from the reconstruction. Denied membership in the League of Nations for a long period, refused diplomatic recognition by many na tions, young Soviet Russia now is coming up fast diplomatically. (Secretary of State Hull re fused today to attempt an evalu | ation of the Russian move. He I told his press conference he saw no connection between the reor ganization of the Soviet republics and the Polish border disputes, and that such a reorganization is a matter that comes under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Soviet government.) The reconstruction, involving re vision of the 1936 constitution, gives each republic its own commissariat of national defense and foreign affairs. Said to Demonstrate Strength. Some idea of the effect of the changes was provided by Dr. Jo hannes Vares, President of the Estonian republic, who asserted, in approving the plan, that "the dip lomats of the national republics will be guided in their work by the general principles of Soviet diplo macy.” N. M. Ponomerenko. secretary of the Communist party in White Russia; Alexander Bogomlets, presi dent of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine; Latvian Representa tive Wilhelm Lazis, and Eustace Paleckis, president of the Lithuanian Soviet Republic, also indorsed the plan. Lazis. the Latvian representative, asserted that the United States still recognized the “old Fascist regime” of Latvia and said Latvia’s position was not understood abroad despite the 1940 plebiscite by which it was joined to the Soviet Union. * Nikolai Gretchuka, president of the Ukrainian Republic, declared that "certain western neighbors of tht Ukraine” had “unjustified (See SOVIET REPUBLICS, Pg. A-8l 'Don't Expect Any Miracles/ Marshalls Correspondent Says By CHARLES H. McMURTRY, Associated Press War Correspondent. PEARL HARBOR, Feb. 2. Don’t expect any 76-hour mira cle-capture of the Marshal: Islands. The Gilbert Islands, taken ir three days, were a differenl matter. It’s true Admiral Chester W Nimitz sent the world's greatest naval force and many thousands ol marines and soldiers into the newest Central Pacific operation, but weeks of fierce fighting can be expected before the complete capture of the Marshalls. The Jananese have many times more bases in the Marshalls thar they had in the Gilberts. They alsc have spent more years in fortifying them. It’s no secret now even to the Japanese that the hundreds of ships Involved constitute the moet power fc s' ful naval units ever assembled. The nearest comparison is with the fleet , assembled for the invasion of Sicily. The total of ships and boats of all sizes employed in the Mediterranean operation probably exceeded the actual number being used to assault the Marshalls and patrolling the Central Pacific. But the Pacific force is much more powerful. This Marshalls fleet includes many battleships, both post and prewar classes, and scores of cruisers and destroyers. Hundreds of fighters and bombers are providing an almost continuous aerial umbrella. Vice Admiral R. A. Spruance, com mander of the Central Pacific, oper ating from a warship in the heart of the Marshalls, has been given a fleet considered capable of over whelming anything the Japanese might throw against him. The greatest threat to the naval (See McMURTRY, Page A-7.) Allies Smash Several Miles Of Gustav Line U. S. and French Troops Advance Above Cassino By the Associates Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers, Feb. 2.—American and French troops converging north of Cassino have torn away sev eral miles of the Nazis’ strong Gustav Line and are advancing deeper in a grim struggle, Allied headquarters announced today. To the west, on the Anzio bridge head, Allied invasion troops threw back a strong German counter attack west of Littoria supported by tanks and artillery, and advanced in some areas. British troops are fighting hard near Campoleone, 16 miles below Rome, and American units are at grips with the enemy near Cisterna, 14 miles northeast of Anzio. A headquarters officer declared the Germans still are building up a large force near the beachhead, and a heavy counterattack may be ex pected soon. Allies Pour in More Troops. Allied reinforcements are pouring into the beachhead, now 14 miles long and 8 miles deep on the average with some prongs running consider ably farther inland. On the Cassino front, American and French troops are fighting 6ide by side as the spearheads of their attack join in the area above the Nazi bastion. They advanced a mile, seizing more heights, and American units now are within a mile of Terelle some 5 miles northwest of Cassino French forces took 100 prisoners yesterday, and Americans captured 50 more. A battle now is raging on Mount Manna southeast of Terelle and German pockets in neraby areas are being mopped up. American troops attacking behind tanks entered the northern half oi some old Italian barracks near Cas sino, transformed by the Germans into a bulwark of the Gustav Line and took prisoners. French Losses Heavy. Patrols pushed to within 300 yards of Cassino Monday night but with drew under heavy machine-gun fire from Nazi "sacrificial squads" left in the town to delay the Allied advance and deny use of the main road to Rome passing through Cassino. Evidencing the intensity of fight ing on the Cassino front, French Gen. Paul Devinck, chief of Gen. Henri Giraud's personal staff, said French losses in two months in Italy had equaled their losses for the en tire Tunisian campaign. Gen. De vinck, returning after a visit to the front, said important casualties had been inflicted on the Germans but the French had suffered higher losses. No additional details were an nounced on the bridgehead ares fighting. The sector there in Allied hands is smaller than the Tobruh region in Africa which was held in the western desert for sever months in 1941 before being relieved (Radio France at Algiers said the main coastal railway supply ing Germans in the Cassino area had been cut by Allied forces (See ITALY, Page A-4.) Public Told to Delay 1944 Tax Estimates Advised to Wait Until New Forms Are Printed The Internal Revenue Bureau to day advised taxpayers to delay filing their estimates of 1944 income due March 15 and the first quarterly payment due then under the pay-as you-go system until after the new tax bill has been passed by Congress "Sit tight and wait until the new forms are mailed," an official of the bureau commented. Actually, he said, forms have not been printed for 1944 income estimates, pending final passage of the tax bill. The official stressed that this does not mean your 1943 income tax re turn should be postponed. It musi still be filed by March 15, and pref erably before that date. There is still a possibility that the forms for 1944 income estimates car be printed in time to go out to tax payers before March 15, he said, al though much will depend on how soon the Senate disposes of the new tax measure. As the law now stands, taxpayers under the pay-as-you-go system in augurated last year are required to file an estimate of their 1944 tax on March 15 and make the first quar terly payment of the tax at that time. In addition to not having the new tax forms, taxpayers* will have no definite idea of the tax basis for 1944 income until after Congress has fin ished with the bill, the official point ed out. ' The Washington branch office of the collector of internal revenue said it had received some requests for forms but is advising taxpayers to await their mailing. It was pointed out that 1943 income estimates were not mailed out last year until July, They were -due last September 15. Bratcher, 7 6 Others Accused Of Evading Draft by Drug Use FBI Says Band Leader Sought to Increase Blood Pressure Everett M. "Washie” Bratcher, 28, Washington orchestra leader, was arrested by Federal Bureau of In vestigation agents today, along with j 16 other Washington men, on charges of evading the draft by what the FBI termed the "song and story” ; method—appearing for physical ex jaminations with a high blood pres sure induced by drugs. Another man was arrested on a charge of aiding one of the men to evade the draft by helping him ob tain the drug. Bratcher was taken in custody at his room at 1628 Twenty-first street N.W. today and brought into the local headquarters of the FBI at 1435 K street N.W. Thirteen colored men and four other white men also were arrested and charged. Bratcher and 16 of the other de fendants were arraigned before United States Commissioner Need j ham C. Turnage and pleaded not guilty. Bond was set at $1,000 each and preliminary hearings for all but “WASHIE" BRATCHER. —Harris-Ewing Photo. one were continued until Febru ary 16. * Wearing a camel’s hair coat Bratcher told reporters he used s (See BRATCHER. Page A-2?* Beaten Soldier Dies; Three Men and Boy Held for Questioning • Further Arrests Likely In Fatal Robbery Case, Police Say Three men and a 15-year-old boy, all colored, were arrested by police today for questioning in the slaying of Marvin L. Beauchamp, Army j private. The soldier died in Walter Reed Hospital last night from a beating administered by thieves who robbed him and left him uncon scious early yesterday in a vacant lot in the 300 block of K street S.W. The police homicide squad has spread a dragnet over the Southwest section and further arrests are in prospect, Lt.’ Jeremiah Flaherty, chief of the squad, said. Hope faded that a 32-year-old col ored woman taken into custody yes terday for questioning would be able to throw some light on the fatal assault. Police said the woman dis closed nothipg pointing to the sol dier's attackers and is expected to be released. Remained in Coma. Pvt. Beauchamp died shortly after midnight without regaining con sciousness, hospital attaches dis closed. Detectives who were await ing permission of Army doctors to question him were left with prac tically no clues to the identity of his assailant, they admitted. A soldier companion of the dead man aided police in tracing Pvt. Beauchamp’s movements from the time he left National Airport, where he was stationed, until 1:30 a.m. yesterday. He disclosed he had ac panied Pvt. Beauchamp on a tour of Southwest taverns Monday night. After having several drinks to gether. he told police, they separated early Tuesday. From that time until about 10 a.m., when two colored girls found Pvt. Beauchamp in the lot, events leading up to the fatal at tack are shrouded in mystery, police said. Army Probe Slated. Detectives were sure robbery was the motive for the crime. When he was found sprawled on the ground the soldier’s pockets had been turned inside out. The only means of identification were Army tags on a chain about his neck. All money and personal effects had been removed. Pvt. Beauchamp, a native of South Gate, Calif., died of a com pound fracture of the skull and cerebral hemorrhage, according to a report by Army physicians to Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald. An Army board of inquiry will be convened to investigate the case, Walter Reed Hospital authorities de clared. They emphasized, however, that this action would merely sup plement investigation by Metropoli tan police. Jr War Bond Purchases By Big Firms Raise Drive to 50.4 Pet. Two Weeks Remain as Sales to Individuals Reach $19,800,000 District War Bond sales today soared to $47,900,000. or 50.4 per cent of the city’s overall $95,000, 000 quota, with announcement that corporations and associa tions have added $28,100,000 to the $19,800,000 worth purchased by individuals through yesterday. The local campaign,' entering its final two weeks, was given a tre mendous surge when the report of "big money” orders swept the cor poration-association bracket to 66 6 per cent of its $42,000,000 goal. The District War Finance Com mittee warned that individual sales must be emphasized each day. It Is the “small money”—sissuring wide spread ownership of Government securities—that especially is sought by 35,000 volunteer workers. The individual total of $19,800,000 represented 37.3 per cent of the Dis trict's $53,000,000 quota for this type Series E Bond sales amount to $11, 900.000, or 39.2 per cent of a $30, 000.000 goal. “While the early corporation re turns are most encouraging, the breakdown shows the hardest job it to bring the individual quotas up to par,” an official stated. "The last half of the job challenges our energy and ingenuity. We won’t be satisfied until Washington goes over the top.’ 30 Per Cent of National Goal. First report of "big money” sub scriptions carried the national drive to one-third of the $14,000,000,000 goal. Of $4,628,000,000 subscribed the Treasury said $2,886,000,000 was purchased by large investors and $1, 742.000. 000 by individuals. Stress will continue to be placed on “little money” orders until the drive closes two weeks hence, the Treasury an nounced. Large purchases in the corpora tion phase of the drive here include: International Harvester, $1,065,000; (See WAR BONDS, Page A-4.) Robertson Proposes U. S. Compute Tax on Income Under $3,000 Offers Ways-Means Unit Plan to Bill 30 Million For Exact Amount Due By the Associated Press. Representative Robertson, Democrat, of Virginia today pro posed that the Government it self be required to figure how much income tax is owed by per sons earning less than $3,000 a iyear. Mr. Robertson's proposal, which i would cover approximately 30,000,000 persons, was submitted to the House Ways and Means Committee as that group began a search for methods of simplifying the income tax struc ture. If found practicable, the plan would affect returns of small tax payers due between now and March 15. It is intended as a relief meas ure pending a general simplification ; and streamlining of the tax statutes. Would Notify Taxpayer. The Virginian would provide that those taxpayers with annual income below $3,000. who elect to file the optional short form, may report only gross income, credit for dependents, family status and Victory tax ex emption. The collector of Internal Revenue then would compute the tax and notify the taxpayer how much he owed. That could be paid within 10 days. Mr. Robertson said the practica-i bility of his proposal depended on whether the Internal Revenue Bu reau itself is sufficiently staffed to compute the millions of returns. Harold N. Graves, acting Internal Revenue commissioner, said he con sidered Mr. Robertson's plan "very impractical,” adding that "we just don't have the manpower to do the job and we coudn't get it in these times.” Mr. Graves said it would take “many, many months, possibly a year,” to complete the proposed computations. May Not Sign Bill. In the meantime, caustic adminis tration criticism of the tax bill nearing final approval by Congress, and the history of what happened to another tax bill President Roose velt didn’t like, lent support last night to a belief that the President may refuse to sign the $2,300,000,000 I measure. There was little expectation of an | outright veto, predictions running (See TAXES, Page A-4.) Boys Find Warship Plans Hidden in Storm Drain By the Associate* Press. SOMERVILLE. N. J„ Feb. 2.—Po lice Chief Leroy Stevens said today two boys had found detailed plans for construction of destroyers and destroyer escorts in a storm drain near the Central Railroad of New Jersey station. The plans, Chief Stevens said, in dicated they were for warships un der construction at the Federal shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co. yard at Newark and the Boston Navy Yard. Discovery of the plans, wrapped in a prackage bearing the words “U. S. Navy” was made last Thursday, he said. The Federal Bureau of Investiga tion at Newark had no comment. Mclntire, Roosevelt Physician, Among 3 Named Vite Admirals President Roosevelt today nom inated three rear admirals who head Navy Department bureaus for promotion to the temporary rank of vice admiral. They are Rear Admiral Ross T. Mclntire, chief of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery and personal physician to the President. Rear Ad miral Randall Jacobs, chief of the Bureau of Personnel, and Rear Ad miral Ben Morcell, chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks. The latter two occupy quarters at the old Naval Hospital at Twenty-third and E streets N.W., and Admiral Mclntire lives at 3647 Forty-ninth street N.W. Admiral Jacobs was bom at Dan ville, Pa., December 13, 1815, and was graduated from the Naval Acad emy in 1903. Admiral Moreell, who was born in Salt Lake City, Utah, September 14, 1892, entered the Navy from civilian life in 1917. He became chief of-the Bureau of Yard and Docks in De cember, 1937. Admiral Mclntire was born at Salem, Oreg., August 11, 1888, and entered the Navy Medical Corps April 4,1917. He served at the Naval Hospital and Naval Medical School here from July, 1931, to 1934, when he was assigned to accompany the President on a trip aboard the cruiser Houston. He was appointed physician to the White House Feb ruary 13, 1985, and became chief of the Bureau of Medicine and 8urgery December 1, 1938. ; Senate Rejects Move to Nullity Federal Ballot Vote of 68 to 23 Paves Way for Soldier Vote Compromise (House Roll Call on Page A-4.) By J. A. O LEARY. The Senate today paved the way for a compromise solution of the long fight over Federal or State control of soldier voting when it overwhelmingly defeated a States’ rights amendment of fered by Senator Overton, Dem ocrat, of Louisiana, 68 to 23. The amendment would have re quired the validity of the simplified Federal ballot called for the Green Lucas bill to be determined “in ac cordance with State laws,” and op ponents contended it would have nullified that type of ballot. Before the roll call. Senator Hatch, Democrat, of New Mexico said that if the Overton amend ment carried, every State in the Union would have to pass a new election status before the proposed Federal ballot could be counted. No Indication Shift. The Senate vote came less than 24 hours after the Federal ballet plan took a ^gbuff in the House where members turned down a roll call vote on the issue of Federal vs. State balloting, despite President Roosevelt's challenge “to stand up and be counted.” Today's heavy vote against the Overton proposal does not. however, indicate the same decisive support ifor the Green-Lucas bill, which was ! sidetracked in December when the I Senate passed, 42 to 37, the State ' ballot Eastland-Rankin bill now be ing debated in the House. Thirty Republicans joined 37 Democrats and 1 Progressive (Sen ator La Follette of Wisconsin) to defeat the Overton amendment, but it is believed many of these Repub licans will vote later for a compro mise prepared by Senators of both major parties who believe the regu lar State ballot should be used wherever possible. Compromise Provisions. I The new compromise would per mit use of the Federal ballot only by servicemen and women from ; States that fail to make available a light-weight State ballot 45 days be fore the election and without re quiring registration. Only seven Democratic Senator* outside the solid South voted for the Overton amendment. The Senate also rejected. 69 to 116. another Overton motion to re peal the provisions of the 1942 law that waived registration and poll tax requirements for members of the armed forces who cast absentee State ballots in time of war. Roll Call Move Defeated. By a roll call of 233 to 160. the House yesterday rejected a technical motion for a change in rules, with out which the Federal ballot pro posal is likely to be decided on a teller vote, late today or tomorrow. Supporters of the Green-Lucas bill predicted the President would not sign a measure leaving soldier voting up to the States. House Ma jority Leader McCormack said he had no advance information on what Mr. Roosevelt would do, but ! added, “I do not see how he could [sign a bill that he has called a [fraud, and rightly so.” Nevertheless, yesterday's test vote 'was taken to indicate the Eastland Rankin bill, requiring State ballots only, is likely to pass the House before the Senate disposes of the Federal ballot plan it is now con sidering. The Eastland-Rankin bill, should it go through the House, would have to be returned to the Senate be cause of minor amendments. The administration’s last chance to save the Federal bailor then would be to try to add it^o the Eastland-Rankin measure in some limited, compro mise form. Compromise Based on Ball Plan. I The new Senate measure is built ! around the Ball substitute, which ; provides that the Federal ballot would not be sent to any service man or woman whose State acts by June 1 to: 1. Eliminate registration in person; 2. authorize a State ballot weighing not more than 12/10 ounces, and 3. make such a ballot available 45 days before the election. During heated debate in both the House and Senate yesterday the President's demand that members "stand and be counted” was the target of sharp criticism. “The President tnay be command er in chief of the armed forces, but he is not commander in chief of the legislative branches.” Repre "(See SERVICE VOTE, Page A-TT I --— VVeat her Change May Confuse Groundhog This is the day for the ground hog’s annual weather prophecy, and his professional rivals, the Weather Bureau forecasters, were wondering whether he woke up early or over slept. If he emerged from his winter’* hibernation during the morning, he probably couldn’t see his shadow, and according to tradition, there will be an early spring. On the other hand, the Weather Bureau was confident that weather would be fair later in the day. Any groundhog looking about for his shadow then, the bureau said, would unhesitatingly predict six weeks more of winter. Fair weather this afternoon was to be accompanied by slowly rising temperatures, the bureau forecast. The temperatures were expected to reach a high of about 40 degrees, in contrast to last night’s low of 23 degrees at 6:55 a.m. The mercury will drop again tonight, but will strike a low of only 28 degrees and the weather will remain fair, the bureau predicted.