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SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS WASHINGTON, D. C. * . ...... . . - ■' , V' - 1 1 ; X .,••• ' WASHINGTON NEWS FEBRUARY 4, 1944. ***; Marshall, King Ask Full Support At Dinner Here Land, Patterson Call for National Service Law The Nation’s military leaders, facing great battles in Europe and the Far East, believe the American people still fail to grasp the gravity of the task before them and must. buckle down to work on the “home front.” That was the theme of a series of bluntly-worded talks made last night at the American Legion din ner at the Mayflower Hotel by Gen. George C. Marshall, Army Chief of Staff; Admiral Ernest J. King, chief of naval operations; Rear Admiral Emory S. Land, chairman of the Maritime Commission, and others. Their speeches were broadcast. Both Admiral Land and Under secretary of War Robert P. Patterson urged national service legislation, as recommended by President Roose velt. as a solution to the home-front manpower problem. Calling for “stern resolution” at home. Gen. Marshall declared: "The Allied avalanche is at last in motion and it will gather headway with each succeeding month. What is now required is the ardent support of our forces by the people at home. I am not referring merely to the pro duction of equipment or to the pur chase of bonds, but rather to the need of a stern resolution on the part of the whole people of the United States to make every sacrifice that will contribute to the victory.” Ship Output Lagging. Admiral Land disclosed that ship production in January lagged seriously. Yards turned out only 124 vessels last month, compared with 208 in December, their output slipping to the lowest level since last February. While admitting that a change in many yard? from Liberty to Victory ship production could be held responsible for some slump in output, he declared the decline was “much sharper than we had reason to; expect." He blamed rapid turnover; in workers—96 per cent last year— and called for national service legislation as the answer to the yards' serious manpower problem. Admiral King, operating head of; the Navy, told the Legion that the American offensive in the Pacific j was gathering headway toward its objective—the “defeat of Japan.” | It will move even faster, he said, when forces can be shifted from Europe. Disclosing he had received “vehement protests” from the public because flame throwers were used against the Japanese. Gen. Marshall j said that this shows a lack of “understanding of the meaning of, our dead on the beaches at Tarawa.” j “Our soldiers must be keenly con scious that the full strength of the! Nation is behind them,” he added. “They must not go .into battle puzzled or embittered over disputes at home which adversely affect the war effort. Our small sacrifices should be personal even more than financial. They should be proof positive that we never forget for a moment that the soldier has been compelled to leave his family, to give up his business and to hazard his life in our service.” Gen. Marshall, reviewing the war1 situation globally, said the bulk of ground and air forces will be con centrated in Europe now “where1 the great battles which are im-! pending will decide the course of civilization.” Japanese Losses Heavy. Disclosing that more than 2,000 American heavy bombers are now being used against Germany and occupied Europe, he reported that “the destruction of German indus trial cities is proceeding at a con stantly increasing pace.” “Between the RAF night bom bardment and the American day light precision bombing,” the gen eral said, "the people of Germany are experiencing the horrors of a war, for which they are responsible, to a degree never before approxi mated in modern times. "Berlin is now a shambles. The destruction of other smaller targets will require much less time." The Japanese, he said, have had unusually heavy air and ship losses in the last six months, and in the Marshalls “they have suffered an expert demonstration of the over whelming air and sea power which is rapidly developing in the Pacific and the perfect teamwork of our landing parties.” Must Have More Ships. After revealing the serious lag in ship production, Admiral Land de-; dared: "We cannot keep pace with the needs of our armed forces on this basis. With more than 2,000.000 addi tional soldiers scheduled to go over seas this year and with staggering quantities of equipment needed to reinforce our invasion plans, we must be empowered to guard against further delays in the realization of our production schedule. "We won’t have enough able, ex perienced workers to maintain Oar 1944 schedules if shipyard workers continue to leave their jobs at the present high rate. We will not be able to get enough new workers in the right places at the right time if we have to continue to depend on voluhtary methods. "We owe it to the soldiers, sailors and merchant seamen who are risk ing their lives to preserve our de mocracy to guarantee that there will be no unguarded battle sta tions on the home front. National service constitutes the mo6t de pendable way of giving this as surance.” Admiral Land said many Ameri cans feared a national service act would mean wholesale transfer of people from their homes to remote parts of the country and asserted that “nothing of the sort is likely to happen.” "Our Army is about to undertake its most hazardous mission—the as sault against Germany. Let us not hesitate to submit ourselves to the same procedure our soldiers accepted without complaint—their country's simple request that they do their duty.” Admiral King told the gathering that the rolling American offensive MARSHALL GREETS WOUNDED VETERAN—Gen. George C. Marshall, Army Chief of Staff (left), smiles as he shakes hands with Pfc. Joe Dbnner of New York City at an American Legion dinner last night at the Mayflower Hotel. Pfc. Donner, a patient at Walter Reed Hospital, lost his left leg fighting with the combat engineers in North Africa. * —A. P. Photo. Young Calls Condition Sound in Industrial Home School Tour Appropriation Is Small Because Officials Desire To Move Institution After an unscheduled tour of the Industrial Home School at 2435 Wis consin avenue N.W., Commissioner John Russell Young last night ex pressed satisfaction with conditions1 at the institution, headed by Dan iel H, Ahern. Situated near the Naval Observa tory, part of the school grounds were purchased many years ago by the Navy and Mr. Young said the city had received several letters within the last year from the Navy expressing the hope the school could get off the land. Because of the desire of officials to move the school—a step which has been contemplated for some time—Mr. Young said appropria tions for repairs on the buildings, some of which are more than 100 years old, have been small. Mr. Young said that while the number of residents at the instltu :ion had dropped from 149 last year .o 108 this year, he declined to spec-< plate whether this showed an im provement in juvenile delinquency.' He praised the food and said the ( buildings “looked pretty good, con-1 sidering the small amount spent.” Mr. Young said he liked to make inspection trips before the Congres sional appropriation hearings so that he could testify from first-hand knowledge. Meanwhile. Frederick McRey nolds, chairman of the Board of Public Welfare, predicted that the Receiving Home for Children, now located at 816 Potomac avenue S.E.,i w-ould be moved in the near future to remodeled buildings at the Na tional Training School. Louisiana Pastor to Head Lutheran Center Here Selection of the Rev. N. Everett Hedeen. of Alexandria. La., to head the Lutheran Service Center at 736 Jackson place N.W., opening some time in March, was announced to day by the National Lutheran Council. Prior to coming to Washington, the Rev. Hedeen had been in charge of the Lutheran Service Center in Alexandria. La., the first in the country. There are now 67 such centers in the United States. The Rev. Hedeen estimated approxi mately 350,000 servicemen and wom en have used the Alexandria center since it started two years ago. In Washington, he will work under the direction of Dr. N. M. Ylvisaker, president of the Army and Navy Chaplains’ Association. Rev. Hedeen held pastorates in California and Iowa before entering his present work. He is 37 years old, and is a graduate of Davis Adolphus College and the Augustana Theo logical Seminary at Rock Island, 111. in the Pacific is according to a dis tinct pattern which has “defeat of Japan” as its sole objective. “The operations coat has had to be cut to the cloth of the means avail able and I may say that there have been times when we have had to skimp on the cloth,” said the ad miral. “We nevertheless have gone ahead * * * w'ith more to follow. “We have still a long way to go. We must also remember that as we go on, the enemy's lines of com munications grow ever shorter as ours grow ever longer, that the enemy defensive positions will be more thoroughly dug in and that we will need all the fighting power that we can muster to attain the victory.” Admiral King said the British American chiefs of staff have had for some time the plans under way to shift Allied fighting power to the Pacific as soon as Germany's defeat "becomes imminent.” When that transfer begins to take effect, he declared, “our advance in the Pa cific will really begin to move—we can then open the throttle wide.” Praise for American management and labor in the war effort came from Undersecretary of the Navy Bard, who urged that the same speed with which the present fleet was built continue toward the knockout punch. Concern with the home front was voiced by Mr. Patterson, who said that “this war is entering its crucial period” and “the National Service Act is the only efficient means I know of gearing all the productive power of the Nation behind the de cisive military blows we must now strike against our enemies.” Graduation Prizes At Eastern Won By Chinese Girl While the teacher who had taught her in China looked on, Betty Lee Sing walked off with most of the high honors at the Eastern High School midyear graduation exer cises yesterday. Daughter of a laundry owner, the Chinese American girl was one of five receiving a silver medal for first scholastic honors and one of nine awarded a certi ficate for perfect attendance. To top that off she won the i ; American Legion B(.,ty i.« sin*, award for “outstanding scholarship, personality and school spirit.” Although born in America. Betty went back to China to study, return ing here after Japan invaded China. Beaming with pride in the audience yesterday was Miss Harriet K. Chu, Betty's teacher in China. Miss Chu now is a teacher at the Build-Up Your-Nation School sponsored by the Chinese Community Church here. Dr. MosesMay Become PhysicianatGallinger; To Await Surgery Post Dr. Veal's Position Cannot Be Filled Till May 21, Officials Say The possibility that Dr. William Moses, who has been a surgeon at Baltimore hospitals for more than four years, would became a resi dent physician at Gallinger Hos pital until May 21 increased last night after conferences between Dr. Daniel L. Seckinger. acting head of the hospital, and Budget Officer Walter L. Fowler. The positon of head of surgery has become vacant through the resignation of Dr. J. Ross Veal. Since the post is a statutory one and Dr. Veal's accumualted leave does not end until May 21, a new man cannot fill the position until then, officials explained. Mr. Fowler said it was his under standing Dr. Moses would take the position if he were offered Dr. Veal's job. While Health Officer George C. Ruhland has said Dr. Moses was under consideration for the Gallin ger post, the Commissioners have not yet received any recommenda tion from Dr. Ruhland. The positon of head of surgery at Gallinger pays $6,000 a year. Dr. Moses had been indorsed by Dr. Charles Stanley White, prominent Washington surgeon, who said he received favorable letters on Dr. Moses from the hospitals he has served in Baltimore. Murder of Soldier Remains Unsolved Police admitted today that little progress has been made toward solu tion of the murder of Pfc. Marvin L. Beauchamp, 25-year-old soldier who was robbed and fatally beaten in the southwest section early Tuesday. Dozens of persons have been ques tioned by the homicide squad, but no clues have been uncovered. Lt. Jere miah Flaherty, chief of the homi cide squad, said today. A 32-year-old colored woman who was arrested a few hours after two colored women discovered the un conscious soldier in a vacant lot in the 300 block of K street S.W. was released yesterday. Police said they were unable to connect her with the slaying. An Army private stationed at National Airport with Pvt. Beau champ also was questioned by police yesterday when he surrendered to military authorities after overstay ing a pass from his post. He was absent from duty at the time Pvt. Beauchamp received the fatal beat ing, police said. He was released after his activities were checked. Save This Newspaper Many paper mills are shut ting down for lack of waste paper to convert into cartons for Army and Navy supplies shipped overseas. Every pound of old newspapers and maga zines is needed. Telephone your nearest school or notify some school child in your block to have your paper picked up. Tax Office Swamped By Citizens Seeking Aid on 1943 Returns 190 Internal Revenue Experts Kept Busy on Complicated Forms Income taxpayers are filing into the local office of the deputy collec tor of internal revenue so fast that a large force of experts on duty can not keep up with the lines forming in the corridors. Wtih the deadline of March 15 still more than five weeks away, hundreds of persons are calling every day to get help in making out the complicated income tax form. The deputy collector has 190 ex perts on hand, scattered throughout several rooms on the first floor of the Revenue Building at Twelfth street ;and Constitution avenue N.W. The office is open daily from 8:30 to 5 p.m. including Saturdays. For some reason, said one official, people seem to avoid Saturday afternoon and he suggested that is the best time to visit the office. Returns now are being filed on the basis of both the income for 1942 and 1943. The forms for esti mating your 1944 income are not vet made up, because Congress still is in controversy over revision of the revenue bill. When these forms become available, the taxpayer will have to file a declaration of esti mated income and tax for 1944. If Congress should delay much longer in enactment of the new revenue bill, it will be necessary to postpone the time for filing the "declaration" beyond the present statutory date of March 15. Ensign Michael H. Korn To Be Buried in Arlington Funeral services will be held in the chapel at Arlington National Ceme tery at 1 p.m. tomorrow for Ensign Michael Henry Korn. 21. of 402 Six tieth avenue, Capitol Heights. Md . who was killed January 27 in a plane crash while mak ing a routine flight at Jack sonville, Fla. He will be buried with military honors. The young Navy flyer was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Michael Korn. Besides his parents, he En»i*n m, h. Korn, is survived by three sisters. Kath erine, Mary and Elizabeth, and five brothers, Pfc. Jacob L. Korn, on duty in Hawaii: Pvt. Daniel K. Korn, Fort Sill. Okla.: Sergt. Karl M. Korn, New Cumberland, Pa., and William and Philip Korn. Ensign Korn was graduated from Maryland Park High School in 1939 and was later employed in the Cap itol Heights Post Office. He won his wings in Pensacola. Youth Escapes With $61 In Vending Machine Coins Robert H. De War, a vending machine serviceman, of 3315 Naylor road, Silver Hill, Md., reported to police that a colored youth snatched a bag containing $61.50 in nickels today when he left it momentarily on the steps of a store. Mr. De War was entering a grocery at 1241 Fifth street N.E. shortly after 9 a.m., his arms laden with merchandise and carrying the bag of nickels, he told police. As he set the bag down to open the door the youth scooped up the bag and fled, police said. OPA Here Opens Drive on Gas Black Market "Certain Extinction" Seen for Traders In Illegal Coupons The District OPA today an nounced an intensified enforcement program against illegal transactions in gasoline supplies here, which, of ficials said, would result in "certain extinction" for black market filling stations trading in ration currency. Officials said the crackdown was part of a national program to wipe out gasoline black markets. They added that while black market ac tivity here had not shown any marked increase in recent weeks, it was always a threat to existing pe troleum supplies. However, officials made it plain that the most vigorous action would be taken agajfist stations found to have purchased counterfeit or stolen gasoline coupons. A hint of what faces violators was given last week when the OPA suspended the busi ness of a dealer for the duration of the rationing program. The gas station operator was found to have acquired coupons illegally. The program calls for a thorough and regular check by OPA inspec tors of the ratlin banking deposits of wholesale distributors. Coupons found to be counterfeit or otherwise illegal will be returned to the dis tributors who. in turn, will be au thorized and i squired to obtain from the dealers valid stamps equiv alent in value to those charged against the dealers. At the same time, ration boards having jurisdiction over the dealers will be notified and the dealers’ permanent inventory of gasoline will be reduced. Any dealer who per sists in taking illegal coupons will ultimately force himself out of busi ness, officials said. District OPA officials believe that the entire gasoline black market can be wiped out by requiring strict com pliance with the requirements of rationing regulations. They pro vide that only coupons bearing the proper identification of the pur chaser in ink and which are de tached from ration sheets at the I time of sale can be accepted. Meanwhile, retail dealers have been invited to attend a meeting at 8:30 o’clock tonight in the United States Chamber of Commerce Build ing to discuss the new program. OPA officials said distributors al ready have met with them and have agreed to back the plan. Lochran to Continue ABC Board Checkup Representative Cochran, Demo jcrat. of Missouri, who has criticized I the District Alcoholic Beverage Con trol Board for being "too soft hearted,' said today he will continue to check up on the board's opera tions. He also said he planned to interest himself in its 1945 budget requests. "I would be in favor of granting funds generously for the operation of a board that really was enforcing its rules, but this one isn’t doing it,” he said. "There is too little of re voking permits for deliberate vio lations. "I don’t believe liquor is responsi ble for much juvenile delinquency. I am sorry the question was linked with the juvenile delinquency study being made by the D'Alesandro Committee. I don't believe it be longs there.” Gov. Dewey Grants Stay For Execution of Lepke Ey the /ssociated Pres*. ALBANY, N. Y.. Feb. 4—Gov. Thomas E. Dewet today granted a fourth reprieve to Louis (Lepke) Buchalter, convicted head of Mur der, Inc., and two associates, delay ing until March 2 their execution, which had been scheduled for next Thursday night. The announcement, made by Charles Breitel, the Governor's counsel, said: “The executions in the case of Louis Buchalter, Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone are presently set for the week beginning February 7, 1944. "The chief judge of the Court of Appeals (Irving Lehman) has signed an order to show cause in the case, returnable February 14, 1944, on the question of whether a reargument of the appeal should be made * * • sqch motion may not lye decided un til February 22. Accordingly the Governor has granted a further re spite. • * • The court order w-as obtained by Arthur Garfield Hays, attorney for Weiss. i_ ' 35 More Scarlet Fever Cases Reported Here With reports of 35 new scarlet fever cases received overnight, the Health Department reported today that the total number of cases this year stands at 429. Dr. James G. Cumming, head of the Bureau of Communicable Dis eases, said some of the milder cases had been sent from Gallinger Hos pital to their homes, where the patients now are quarantined. 6,600 Federal Vacancies Listed For Stenographers, Typists Some 6,600 Federal jobs as stenog raphers and typists in Washington are going begging, the Civil Service Commission says. “This is the picture today,” the commission states in a departmental circular to all Federal agencies. “To morrow’s demand may be equally great. The shortage of stenogra phers and typists, as well as the extreme difficulty encountered in persuading trained stenographers and typists to come to Washington, makes it impossible to meet this demand.” At the same time, the commission says, it is "constantly” receiving reports of poor utilization, over staffing and idleness of stenographers aand typists in Federal agencies.” Maybe it has not been all the fault of the hired help. For the commission adds: "Cases have been called to the commission’s atten tion of stenographers who receive no dictation, and who are idle be cause their superiors are frequently away and fail to assign enough work in their absence to keep the stenog raphers busy.” When something like this happens in Washington, a survey is in or der. So the commission has pro posed a survey to find the answer, if any. Whether or not the desired an swers are forthcoming, the commis sion has given warning that, ef fective March 2, it will not "enter into any joint recruiting program until direct recruiting orders for stenographers and typists have been filed with the commission.” United Nations Club Acquires Permanent Capital Home New home of United Nations Club at Nineteenth and R streets N.W., acquired to shelter expanding activities of organ ization representing 44 different countries—Star Staff Photo. Founded two and a half years ago and now boasting a roster of 1,000 members representing 44 dif ferent countries, the United Na tion* Club has acquired a permanent home at 1701 Nineteenth street N.W., and will hold an "open-house" reception there Sunday from 5 to 8 p.m. The building is a four-story struc ture of brick built about 35 years ago and known since then as the residence of former Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg, former Undersecretary of State Joseph P. Cotton and Third Secretary Hum phrey O. Clarke of the British Em : bassy. Arrangement* for leasing the property were made with Myron C. Taylcr, President Roosevelt's repre sentative at the Vatican, and John Campbell White, Ambassador to Haiti, both of whom at different times had intended to live on the premises but were ordered overseas. The president of the club is Miss Meredith Howard, well known fot her United Nations radio broadcasts. Other officers include Miss Sue Rosenberg, vice president; Mrs. Har old Coolidge, secretary; Mrs. Grace Lovering MacKnight, corresponding secretary; Mrs. Prank Kent, Jr., a founder; Mrs. Bredo Stabell, Mrs. Georg Niejlaender, Mrs. Pierre Plen, Countess ilia Tolstoy, Mrs. Dorothy Norman and Mrs. Carlos van Bel linghen. Mrs. Edith Paul Dies; Taught at Central For 46 Years Mrs. Edith C. Pau*. 70, a graduate j and retired teacher of Central High School, died yesterday at the Subur ban Hospital. Bethesda. Md., after a long illness. She had taught at Cen I tral for 46 years. Mrs. Paul was appointed a teacher at Central on June 3. 1892. when the school was located at Seventh and O streets N.W. She was only 19 at the time and had served one year as a substitute teacher. She was well known to hundreds of graduate of Central. She retired on January 31. 1938 Besides instructing in biology and botany Mrs. Paul also had taught j history and English, i She was a graduate of Wilson | Teachers’ College and received a B. A. degree from George Washing ton University and an M. A. from j American University. A native of Washington. Mrs. Paul was the daughter of the late George and Virginia Compton. Her hus band. John Paul, an employe of the Government Printing Office, died about eight years ago. During her term as president of the local Teachers’ Union in the 1920s she * was instrumental in obtaining an increase in pay for Washington school teachers. She was a member of the Calvary Meth odist Church. Mrs. Paul leaves two sisters. Mrs. Eva McCormick, a fifth grade teacher at the Janny School, with whom she lived at 3512 Runnymede place N.W., and Mrs. Charles Squire, an English teacher at Western High School: a brother. Col. Arthur G. Compton, stationed at Fort Dupont. I Del., and a stepson, Edwin Paul, a petty officer in the Navy stationed in New York. Funeral services will be held at 11:30 a.m. tomorrow at the William Reuben Pumphrey funeral home, Bethesda, Md., with the Rev. Dr. Orris G. Robinson, pastor of the Calvary Methodist Church, offlciat 1 ing. Burial will be in Glen wood | Cemetery and will be private. Musicale Will Be Given At Arlington Farms Sunday A musical* will be given at Ar lington Farms at 8 p.m. Sunday in connection with the “Washington Welcome You" program, sponsored by The Star, in co-operation with the District of Columbia Recreation Department and the Recreation De partment of Arlington Farms, The string ensemble, under the direction of Edward Carey, will be presented through the courtesy of the Recreation Department. The public is invited. AIR MARSHAL HERE—Vis count Trenchard, 71-year-old former chief of staff of the British Air Forces in the World War, shown as he told a press conference here yesterday that American losses in the Marshall Islands invasion have been kept moderate be cause of the “shattering ef fect of combined air and sea power.” —A. P. Photo. Treasury, Post Office Fund Bill Reported; Asks $1,318,579,672 Ry the Associated Press. A $1,318,579,672 bill carrying funds for operation of the Treas ury and Post Office Departments for the 12 months starting July 1 next was sent to the House floor today by the Appropriations Committee. Most of the total, $1,105,697,583. was allotted to the Post Office De partment, which reported that dur ing the fiscal period ended last June 30 it operated “out of the red" for the first time in 24 years and ex pects to show an operating surplus again next year but a deficit this year. The Treasury's share of the direct appropriations was $212,882,089. ol | which $135,406,000 was earmarkec for the expenses of assessing and collecting taxes. In addition to the direct appro priations. the committee recom mended for the Treasury $795,735,500 of "indefinite appropriations" and $3,491,500 in reappropriations, an ag gregate of $1,012,108,589 for that agency, or $14,557,311 below budget estimates and $385,459,049 above total appropriations for the current year. “Indefinite Appropriations." The bulk of the excess, the com mittee explained, was accounted for by the two "indefinite appropria tions." for internal revenue refunds and refunds and drawbacks under the Customs Bureau. These so cailed “indefinite appropriations' i consisted of $781,620,000 fbr internal revenue refunds and $14 000.000 foi i refunds and drawbacks of the Cus ; toms Bureau. The $395.000.00C ; boost in the former fund was at I tributed to the greatly increased number of income taxpayers and withholding provisions of the ta> law. Total permanent appropriations recommended for the Treasury— items required by law from yeai to year and covering such things a; interest on the public debt, expense; of loans and excess profits tax re fund bonds—were $5,455,255,993. of which $3,750,000,000 was for interest on the national debt. The direct appropriations recom mended for the Post Office Depart ment represented a reduction ol $8,226,407 from budget estimates and an increase of $205,719,248 above ; current year funds. Voting Cost $91,000. Absentee voting by soldiers last I year cost the United States only $91,000. the Treasury turning back $1,109,000 of a $1,200,000 appropria tion, hearings on the bill revealed. A total of 27,074 ballots were cast. The Federal Government agreed to reimburse the States for the cost of absentee voting among troops. The average American soldier and sailor receives and writes a letter a day. Jesse M. Donaldson, chief inspector of the Post Office Depart ment testified. This means that the department is handling for the serv ices some 18.000,000 pieces of mail daily, not including parcels and circulars. Current manpower shortage was underscored by testimony of a Post Office Department official that a $3,200 per year job, one of the main duties of which is to read magazines and other literature for salacious ness. is going begging. A Montanan took the job recently but soon re signed it because "he didn't like Washington.” Some postal money orders issued as early as 1864 when the system was first established still have not been cashed, Harry E. Stine, super intendent of the money order divi sion, revealed. He asked an appro priation of $150,000 to pay money orders more than a year old. Many people hang on to them for months and years, he said, knowing they are always good. In testimony before the House committee, Dr. George C. Hass, director of the Treasury’s division of research and statistics, said the potentialities making for inflation were great. He estimated income for the 1944 fiscal year at $148,000, 000,000, of which individuals will pay only $22,000,000,000 in direct taxes to the Federal, State and local govern ments. Smaller-size War bonds, now planned, will save the Government $5,000,000 in production cost, Treas ury officials estimated. Ihlder Assails Association's Housing Plan Declares Subsidies Would Undermine Private Industry The system of slum reclamation proposed by members of the Wash ington Home Builders’ Association would require costly Government subsidies, which represent “the real threat” to private enterprise, John Ihlder, executive officer of the Na tional Capital Housing Authority, charged in testimony today before a Senate District Subcommittee. Mr. Ihlder was replying to testi mony presented Tuesday by Robert P. Gerholz, president of the Na tional Association of Home Builders, who contended NCHA’s slum recla mation program would be expensive to the taxpayers and a step toward socialism, endangering private en terprise. In his reply, Mr. Ihlder maintained that the NCHA is not requesting a Government subsidy for slum reclamation work here, but only a loan of capital, which is to be repaid with interest. The program proposed by mem bers of the Home Builders Associa tion would require both a construe tion and an operating subsidy which together would cost the taxpayer more than the NCHA's proposed program, he asserted. Subsidies to private builders and owners would undermine the strength and inde pendence of private enterprise by making it seek Government protec tion against losses and forcing it to comply with Government direction : in its undertaking, he declared. Sees Good Private Field. “If the Government is to pay the bill, Government must say how those bills are to be incurred," Mr. Ihlder said. “As a believer in pri vate enterprise, I wish it to be free and strong.” Mr. Ihlder suggested that private builders here have a profitable field open to them—the construction of housing that will rent for slightly more than the NCHA's low-cost ! units and for less than now is charged for adequate private hous jing. The shortage of private housing within this rent range is one of the : major hindrances to the NCHA's present program. Mr Ihlder said. 1 He explained that tenants of the .housing authority's- low rent de velopments are expected to move into private housing whenever their income reaches a point where one quarter of it will pay the rent for % "proper privately-owned dwelling. ’ At present, many NCHA tenants are earning sufficient income to move out of the low-cost publiG housing units, but private housing is not available. Explains Relief Set-up. Mr. Ihlder discussed the fact that only 60 of the 4.000 families on i Board of Public Welfare relief rolls are tenants of NCHA low-rent de velopments. He explained that the housing authority limits to 25 per cent the number of relief families in any one development, so as not to create a “poorhouse,” and that re lief agencies take public housing only when they cannot get suitable private housing at equal or less cost. The number of relief families in NCHA developments is further re i stricted by the fact that few of these properties were available before legislation gave preference to de fense and later to war workers. Mr. Ihlder also outlined the prob lem which the NCHA faced as a pio neer agency in public housing. He contended that experience gained through solution of these problems has equipped the agency to carry on the extensive slum reclamation pro gram that must now be undertaken. Mr. Ihlder was questioned closely by Chairman Burton of the sub ‘ committee and James C. Wilkes, at torney for the Washington Home Builders' Association. Senator Bur ton emphasized that the NCHA was seeking money from Congress as custodian of District funds. He said he did not want to establish a prece dent which would lead housing au thorities in other cities to seek money from the Federal Govern ment rather from their State or local governments. Mr. Ihlder will testify again Mon day. He will be followed by other witnesses supporting public housing. Alexandria Autoist Hurt Richard White, 31, of 911 Jeffer son street. Alexandria, was injured last night when his automobile struck an electric light pole at Green and South Patrick streets, in Alex andria. police there reported today. Daily Rationing ^ Reminders^ \ Canned and Frozen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4, green stamps G. H, and J valid through February 20. Stamps K, L and M valid through i March 20. Meats, Fats, Etc. — Book No. 3, ! stamps V and W valid ihrough February 26. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay two ration points for every pound of waste kitchen fats you turn In. Sugar—Book No. 4. Stamp 30 valid for 5 pounds through March 31. Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 pounds for home canning through February 28, 1945. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 in Book No. 1 and stamp 1 on the “airplane” sheet of Book No. 3 valid for an indefinite period. Gasoline—No. 8 A coupons good for 3 gallons each until February 8. B, B-l, C and C-l coupons good for 2 gallons each. These coupons will expire on date indicated on individual books. , B-2 and C-2 coupons in books issued since De cember 1 are good for 5 gallons ! each. i Tire Inspection Deadlines—For A coupon holders, March 31. For B coupon holders, February 29. Fuel Oil—Period No. 2 coupons good through February 7. Period No. 3 coupons good through March 14. No. 2 and 3 coupons good for 10 gallons per unit. According to the District OPA, consumers in this area should not have used more than 57 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil ration as of Janu ary 31.