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Says Wake Prisoners Nearly Froze on Ships By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Feb. 7.—Ramon Lavalle, former Argentine consular official in the Far East, disclosed last night that he saw American prisoners from Wake Island, in adequately clothed and many of them sick and wounded, exposed in freezing weather on the decks of Jap transports in Yokohama Har bor. Blue with cold, and shivering from the rain, snow and wind, the civilian workers and remnants of the fewer than 400 marines who garrisoned Wake Island, huddled together on the decks of the two transports for at least 48 hours, Mr. Lavalle said. Mr. Lavalle, who said he was re vealing to the public for the first time the glimpse he had of the Wake defenders, thus added to the small store of public knowledge concerning the fate of the men whose defense of their Pacific out post earned a presidential citation. On “We, the People” Program. That citation said the defense of tiny Wake Island "Will not be for gotten so long as gallantry and heroism are respected and honored.” The former Argentine consul in Hong Konk, later a con^ilar at tache in Tokio, spoke on the “We, the People” program over the CBS. network. Mr. Lavalle, who said his small daughter died because the Japs re fused to allow her medicine, told this story: “On the 18th of January, 1942, two Japanese transports anchored in Yokohama harbor. Their decks were packed with American prisoners. I can reveal to you now that these prisoners were from Wake Island— both soldiers and civilian workers and engineers. “They were herded together like animals, too crowded for all of them to lie down. The weather was freez ing—it was alternately raining and snowing. Some were just shirts and trousers. They kept rubbing them selves for warmth. Kept in Open Two Days. “The wounded were poorly ban daged and very weak. You could ac tually see them shaking. They were blue with cold. They were kept there in the open two days and two nights that I know of—perhaps longer. “Nine months later I saw some American prisoners again, in Man churia at a railroad station. They were taken to the north to work on a canal. They w;ere very thin, their clothes were in rags; some had no shoes. "Most Wake Island engineers are working in Tokio factories. Many American soldiers are loading and unloading cargoes on the Tokio docks,” he said. Planners Fear Dam Would Mar Great Falls The American Planning and Civic Association has announced that it is “unalterably opposed to the development of any power project that will ruin the Great Falls.ot the Potomac.” a." ; The association explained it "be lieves the richest and most powerful Nation in the world today can afford to protect the environs of its Na tional Capital." Army engineers for some time have been making a flood control and power survey under authority of Congress. Their report is to go through channels to the chief of engineers and eventually back to Congress. Before the report is com pleted, it is understood there prob ably will be public hearings. The association's statement re ferred to the Army survey as fol lows: “At the request of the Corps of Engineers of the United States Army, and financed by that agency, the National Park Service of the Department of the Interior which administers the National Capital Parks, is making a study* of the Potomac River watershed as to po tential recreational possibilities should Army plans for damming the river eventuate. It is understood that the study in no way commits the National Park Service to the project.” FTC Accuses Palmolive Of False Claims in Ads By the Associated Press. The Federal Trade Commission challenged the advertising claims which it said the Colgate-Palmolive Peet Co. makes for certain soaps, dentifices and shaving preparations, particularly with reference to the use of olive oil and its effect on the skin. The complaint named Palmolive soap, Colgate dental cream, Colgate tooth powder. Palmolive lather cream, Palmolive brushless shave1 cream and concentrated Super Suds as having been "misrepresented.” In Palmolive soap advertising, the complaint charged, the firm has represented palm and olive oils as the only fats used in manufacturing, claiming such olive oil “is the same as that frequently used to cleanse infants and which was used as a ‘beauty oil’ by Egyptian queens of ancient times. And that the soap will keep the skin soft, smooth, young and lovely.” The commission said the soap con tains none of the usual edible olive oil, but is manufactured from vari ous fats, including "olive oil foots,” a product obtained chemically after the edible oil has been crushed from the fruit. The complaint said Palm olive “will not insure a beautiful skin nor avert the consequences of advancing age.” The commission objected to ad vertised comparisons of the Col gate dentifices with “ordinary” prep arations, saying they possess no in herent superiority and asserting that the sparkle of teeth depends on qualities of the enamel. Montevideo Labor Meeting MEXICO, Feb. 7 (/p.—The news-, paper Excelsior said yesterday that the Latin American Labor Federa tion had called an “emergency meeting” for February 15 at Monte video and that the purpose was to urge establishment of diplomatic re lations between the American re publics and the 16 Soviet republics. 100 lbs. of waste paper makes 650 cartons for Army “K” rations. Keep •nr boys well-fed! Start saving waste paper! Big Gas Cracking Plant Hums To Send Bomber Fleets Over Foe «. 4 BALTIMORE GIANT— This is one of the world’s largest catalytic crackers which breaks up petroleum to give valuable lOO-o c t a n e aviation fuel for Amer-* lean flyers. Operated by the Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey, it is working 24 hours a day turning out fuel suffi cient to send great fleets of bombers over Europe every third night. By MALCOLM LAMBORNE. St»r Staff Correspondent. BALTIMORE, Feb. 8.—Imagine yourself atop a 20-story building with a mammoth boiler heated to 1.000 degrees under your feet, with the roar of a thousand broken radi ators on floors below, and the whole structure, boilers and all, swaying in the breeze. Add them all up, and you have an idea of what one of the world’s largest catalytic crackers is like—a giant of steel, concrete and asbestos which breaks the petroleum mole cules apart to give American and Allied flyers the precious 100-octane gasoline. This reporter is the first to see the unit in full operation. Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey employes fondly call it the "Big Cat.” Since the middle of December it has been working full blast, but it has been little publicized. Its daily output is a secret and something the Axis would like to know. This much is known and it’s no good news for the enemy: The giant is turning out enough fuel to send a fleet of 1,000 bombers over Europe every third night. The Big Cat’s appetite is enor mous and insatiable. Each hour, around the clock, six men in a near by control shack send approximately 25.000 gallons of petroleum and thousands of cubic feet of air pour ing into the unit. Every 24 hours many thousands of tons of catalyst —a finely powdered substance which also is a secret but which does the job of "cracking” the petroleum into component parts—circulates through its miles of pipes. The hum of the gltot 14 heard as you approach within a few yards. It is an taper roar that nevgr stops, An elevator takes you to the-14th story and when you step out to its steel floor, the swaying motion stops you dead. Your guide for the trip, an official of the refinery, gives assurances that it is all right. The motion has been going on ever since the plant started operations, and the structure, which represents the product of some of the best engineering brains, is so designed that it can take the pun ishment for years to come. Besides, he points out, it is only a sway of a quarter inch. Maybe so. but you still hold tightly to the steel railing—the only pro tection between you and the good earth. You climb stairs and after about four flights, you begin to get your sea legs. The way is led out a ramp where you find yourself over the big boiler. It is the regenerator. Inside the catalyst is being subjected to about 1,000 degrees of heat to rid it of car bon which it picked up in the proc ess of breaking up the petroleum a few moments before in the reactor. Rid of carbon, the catalyst returns to the reactor to repeat its job. On its way back to the regenerator, the catalyst is also subjected to tremen dous air pressure whifch raises the temperature to the 1,000 degrees. It suddenly occurs to you that | despite the great heat inside only a warm glow is felt close up. Actually the air remains cold up there on the ramp. A perfect job of insulation is the answer. Of the many thousands of tons of catalyst circulating each 24 hours through the unit, only about two tons a day are lost. Box cars of the vital substance stand by ready to replenish the supply. The entire operation of the plant is done by the six specially trained men who work from the adjacent control room. There they keep con stant watch on numerous gauges and charts which tell every minute of *he day what is gdin£‘&p‘ifc the giant. t ,Construction on £hp Big Cajt bb gan February, 1942, and $5,000,000 was expended on this project alone. Today the Baltimore giant is work ing 100 per cent for the war effort. When peace returns, it will produce fuel for our homes and our automo biles. Miss Dorothy T. Pearse Resigns as Director Of Day Care Office The resignation of Miss Dorothy T. Pearse, for the past two years direc tor of the day-car office under the Commissioners, was announced to day by Robert L. Haycock, super intendent of schools and now responsible for a d m 1 nistration of the day-care office under the Board of Educa tion. ‘‘Because a background of experience in ad m i n istration of public schools is essential in the _ , person of the di Dorothy T. Pearac. rector,” Mr. Hay cock said, “Miss Pearse, who up to now has been in charge of day-care busings affairs, is voluntarily with drawing from the project.” Miss Pearse said her resignation becomes effective February 14, when the board assumes full control of both the financial and educational aspects of services to all children over 2 years of age. Counseling and placement services for children under 2 years still re main with the old day-care office, whch has an appeal pending for $1,800 from the Community War Fund, while another agency is sought to continue support of the work. Mr. Haycock expects to bring be fore the Personnel Committee on February 16 recommendations for the position of administrator. Ap pointment of two assistant directors one for white and one for colored' also is being considered, he indi cated. The work of Miss Pearse as finan cial director of the 10 nursery school centers was praised highly by the board when it accepted control from the Commissioners. Miss Pearse to day expressed the pleasure she had received from working with her col leagues at the day care office and expressed the hope that services to children under 2 will be continued. Federzoni Is Reported Escaped From Fascists By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Feb. 7.—Luigi Fed erzoni, former president of the Italian Academy and Fascist Grand Council member, who was sentenced to death as one of the officials vot ing for Mussolini’s ouster last July, has escaped from puppet Fascist au thorities in Northern Italy, the Hungarian Telegraph Bureau said yesterday in a Zurich dispatch re ceived by OWI. Although sentenced in absentia, Federzoni had been under arrest, according to the Hungarian report recorded by United States Govern ment monitors. It gave no details of his escape. Dr. J. C. Ball to Retire; Metropolitan Baptist Pastor for 41 Years The Rev. Dr. John Compton Ball, 81-year-old pastor of Metropolitan Baptist Church for the past 41 years, plans to retire at the end of this year and will become pastor emeritus at an annual salary of $4,000. He disclosed today he had asked the Board of Deacons at a special meeting following yes terday’s services to retire him this year. The ward refused, jut when Dr. Ball insisted Dr. b*ii. they agreed to find a new pastor who will assume his duties January T, 1945. Forty-four memDers of the church, located at Sixth and A streets N.E., announced last week they had re signed from the church as the out growth of the resignation of the assistant pastor, the Rev. John M. Ballbach, 28. The group plans to form a new church and, meanwhile, members are holding services at the Northeast Masonic Temple. Mr. Ballbach asserted he had been asked to resign by Dr. Ball and that the resignation was an outgrowth of “certain conditions in the church.” Dr. Ball said that he was willing “to step aside at any time.” A year ago he requested retirement, but the board refused to act. The board agreed yesterday to name Dr. Ball pastor emeritus upon his retirement from active duties in the church. Pastor since 1903. Dr. Ball deliv ered the opening prayer at a session of the House under Speakers from “Uncle Joe” Cannon to Speaker Bankhead. His first pastorate was at the Nejy Bethlehem (Pa.) Baptist Church following his graduation in 1899 from Crozier Theological Seminary in Chester, Pa. He is a native of England and came to this country as a boy. Dr. John J. Field DENTIST 4067th St. N.W. ME. 9256 Third Floor, Woolworth Building ADVERTISEMENT. 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One of the present projects is waste paper collection, for which Scouts and Cubs are making their second major drive at the request of War Production Board Chairman Donald M. Nelson. Their first drive brought in 122,000 tons, or nearly a fourth of the paper collected, two years ago. More than 315.000 Scouts have qualified as dispatch bearers lor the Office of War Information, carrying official identification cards signed by OWI Director Elmer Davis and Elbert K. Fretwell chief Scout execu tive. These boys distribute and post in public places Government posters and other literature. Orders for War Bonds and Stamps are being taken by Scouts during the Fourth War Loan drive, and the boys also work on farms to produce and conserve food. Victory Patrols. A feature of Boy Scout Week observance this year will be the creation of “victory patrols" com prising former Scouts now in the armed forces, more than 600 of whom have received high awards from the Government for gallantry and heroism. The Scouts will take over many store windows to display handicraft and to demonstrate skills acquired in Scouting. Investiture ceremonies during the week are expected to bring hundreds of boys into the organization. Next Sunday will be “Boy Scout Sunday," and Scouts will attend church and synagogue services ir. uniform. Torture Tojo with another bond. He will feel the squeeze more than y°u do. Thief in Rubber Sheet Robs Couple, Strips And Cuffs Girl Guest A gunman weirdly disguised in a rubber sheet which covered him from head to foot, awakened a couple jin their bed early yesterday and robbed them, after forcing the wife, an expectant mother, to bind and gag her husband. He then roused an 18-year-old girl roomer in the same household, stripped her nightgown from her and escaped with the contents of her purse, after cuffing her when she remonstrated. When Mrs. John M. Curran, 525 Eleventh street S.E., was awakened she peered into the eyes of the in truder, glaring from two slits cut in the rubber sheet. He cautioned silence as he threatened her with a revolver. Apologizes, But Takes Money. Her husband slept on, she told police, as she pleaded with the masked man to leave, explaining she was pregnant. The thief apol ogized, Mrs. Curran said, but nev ertheless forced her to awaken her husband, tie his hands with a neck tie and gag him. Motioning Mrs. Curran toward a stairway, he directed her to the first floor of the house and there took $12 and a wrist watch. He ordered her to return to her bedroom and turned his attention to a room oc cupied by Gloria Moore, 18, who was still asleep. The gunman ordered her to get out of bed and to remove her nightgown, slapping her face when she refused, police said. He then tied her hands and, after taking $8 from a purse on the dresserfran to the first floor and escaped through a window, am 'qjpp which he had forced In making his entrance. Hands "Like a Woman’s." All three victims gave substantial ly similar descriptions of the thief. He was, they said, a white man, probably about 20 years old, with a polite manner and cultured speech. His hands, the only exposed portion of his. body, were “like a woman’s,” they agreed. Coinciding with the police broad cast for. the apprehension of the gunman was an alarm, radioed to all cruising police cars, to be on the lookout for Joseph Hockenberry, 20, who escaped from the ward for the criminally insane at Gallinger Hos pital January 31. He has been re ported in the southeast section of the city and is thought to be armed. He was transferred to the hospital from District Jail, where he was serving a sentence for assaulting women. Father Furfey to Lead Library Panel Discussion The Rev. Paul H. Fdrfey, head of the department of sociology of the Catholic University of America, will lead a panel discussing “The Prob lem of Minority Groups” at 8:30 p.m. Wednesday at the Library of Congress, it was announced today. Other speakers on the panel, the fourth in the current series of round-table seminars sponsored by the Library of Congress Discussion Group, are Miss Maude E. Aiton, ad ministrative principal of the Ameri canization School here: Dr. Francis J. Brown of the American Counall on Education, Dr. E. Franklin Fra zier, fellow of the Library of Con gress in American Negro studies: Dr. Alain Locke, department of philosophy of Howard University, and Rabbi Solomon Metz of the Sixth Street Synagogue. Bhr Goering Reported ot Front NEW YORK, Feb. 7 (F).—Reichs marshal Hermann Goering, German air minister, and representatives of the German high command and general staff have arrived at the headquarters of Field Marshal Gen. Georg von Kuechler, commander of the northern section of the eastern ADVERTISEMENT. Now Many Wear FALSE TEETH With More Comfort FASTEETH. a pleasant alkaline (non acid) powder, holds false teeth more firmly. To cat and talk in more comfort. Just sprinkle a little FA8TEETH on your plates. No gummy, gooey, pasty taste or feeling. Checks “plate odor" (denture breath). Get FA8TEETH at any drug store._ front, the Moscow radio said yes terday in a broadcast reported by OWL ---~ ’t -' I 6 I1 DAYTON I CHICAGO I SAN FRANCISCO | We’re busy too — but never too busy to try hard SS§f to get you where you want to go the easiest, Jp Hf quickest, pleasantest way. Try us when you travel. 'jgci m FOR RESERVATIONS: jj REPUBLIC 5400 I TWA Ticket Office • 745 15th St., N.W. SJ I —TWA g-1 w GOESJumetMy u I I HilllllllllllllllMIIBiillllllMlIIIIIMMIMliiMlii; Industry’s Part in Post-War Employment When helmets are laid away the fight for a durable peace must still go on. The final victory will be won in terms of jobs and security. Industry plans to help win this post-war battle by continuing to produce at a rate that will keep plants busy, workers employed. Here are some of the ways: 1. By reconverting plants to the production of peacetime goods as rapidly as conditions permit... 2. By rebuilding the facilities that will enable the world’s industry to get back on a peacetime basis of production ... 3. By replenishing the supply of homes, cars, radios and all the other conveniences of a peacetime world which mil lions of families will be able to buy with their war bond savings... To carry out this program millions of workers will be needed in both new industries and old. Plans are now in effect to rehabilitate, train and re-employ former employees disabled in the armed services. I _BUY JBORE WAR BONDS to do todoy’s job...to provide tomorrow’s jobs I Industry’s Fighting Ally and Peacetime Partner During war-time, Nickel’s job is to put extra fight into steel and other metals... to help man make alloys that will not fail in the vital parts of fighting equipment. But Nickel must also stand ready to again help industry pro duce the implements of peace ... to help it improve the prod ucts that serve men and provide them livelihoods. | When that time comes—when Nickel joins hands with other * metals to make the plant equipment, the locomotives, the I homes and cars, on which jobs depend-Nickel will be better prepared to serve men than ever before. Manufacturers-who need help on metal problems are invited to consult International Nickel’s technical staff. The International I § t Company, Ine. “*■ ™ ^ -*■ -*-• New York, N. i. World’s largest miners, smelters and refiners of Nickel... producers of Monel and other high Nickel Alloys.