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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 07, 1944, Image 12

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Argentine Ex-Consul
Says Wake Prisoners
Nearly Froze on Ships
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Feb. 7.—Ramon
Lavalle, former Argentine consular
official in the Far East, disclosed
last night that he saw American
prisoners from Wake Island, in
adequately clothed and many of
them sick and wounded, exposed in
freezing weather on the decks of
Jap transports in Yokohama Har
bor.
Blue with cold, and shivering
from the rain, snow and wind, the
civilian workers and remnants of
the fewer than 400 marines who
garrisoned Wake Island, huddled
together on the decks of the two
transports for at least 48 hours,
Mr. Lavalle said.
Mr. Lavalle, who said he was re
vealing to the public for the first
time the glimpse he had of the
Wake defenders, thus added to the
small store of public knowledge
concerning the fate of the men
whose defense of their Pacific out
post earned a presidential citation.
On “We, the People” Program.
That citation said the defense of
tiny Wake Island "Will not be for
gotten so long as gallantry and
heroism are respected and honored.”
The former Argentine consul in
Hong Konk, later a con^ilar at
tache in Tokio, spoke on the “We,
the People” program over the CBS.
network.
Mr. Lavalle, who said his small
daughter died because the Japs re
fused to allow her medicine, told
this story:
“On the 18th of January, 1942, two
Japanese transports anchored in
Yokohama harbor. Their decks were
packed with American prisoners. I
can reveal to you now that these
prisoners were from Wake Island—
both soldiers and civilian workers
and engineers.
“They were herded together like
animals, too crowded for all of them
to lie down. The weather was freez
ing—it was alternately raining and
snowing. Some were just shirts and
trousers. They kept rubbing them
selves for warmth.
Kept in Open Two Days.
“The wounded were poorly ban
daged and very weak. You could ac
tually see them shaking. They were
blue with cold. They were kept there
in the open two days and two nights
that I know of—perhaps longer.
“Nine months later I saw some
American prisoners again, in Man
churia at a railroad station. They
were taken to the north to work on
a canal. They w;ere very thin, their
clothes were in rags; some had no
shoes.
"Most Wake Island engineers are
working in Tokio factories. Many
American soldiers are loading and
unloading cargoes on the Tokio
docks,” he said.
Planners Fear Dam
Would Mar Great Falls
The American Planning and
Civic Association has announced
that it is “unalterably opposed to
the development of any power
project that will ruin the Great
Falls.ot the Potomac.” a." ;
The association explained it "be
lieves the richest and most powerful
Nation in the world today can afford
to protect the environs of its Na
tional Capital."
Army engineers for some time
have been making a flood control
and power survey under authority
of Congress. Their report is to go
through channels to the chief of
engineers and eventually back to
Congress. Before the report is com
pleted, it is understood there prob
ably will be public hearings.
The association's statement re
ferred to the Army survey as fol
lows: “At the request of the Corps
of Engineers of the United States
Army, and financed by that agency,
the National Park Service of the
Department of the Interior which
administers the National Capital
Parks, is making a study* of the
Potomac River watershed as to po
tential recreational possibilities
should Army plans for damming the
river eventuate. It is understood
that the study in no way commits
the National Park Service to the
project.”
FTC Accuses Palmolive
Of False Claims in Ads
By the Associated Press.
The Federal Trade Commission
challenged the advertising claims
which it said the Colgate-Palmolive
Peet Co. makes for certain soaps,
dentifices and shaving preparations,
particularly with reference to the
use of olive oil and its effect on
the skin.
The complaint named Palmolive
soap, Colgate dental cream, Colgate
tooth powder. Palmolive lather
cream, Palmolive brushless shave1
cream and concentrated Super Suds
as having been "misrepresented.”
In Palmolive soap advertising, the
complaint charged, the firm has
represented palm and olive oils as
the only fats used in manufacturing,
claiming such olive oil “is the same
as that frequently used to cleanse
infants and which was used as a
‘beauty oil’ by Egyptian queens of
ancient times. And that the soap
will keep the skin soft, smooth,
young and lovely.”
The commission said the soap con
tains none of the usual edible olive
oil, but is manufactured from vari
ous fats, including "olive oil foots,”
a product obtained chemically after
the edible oil has been crushed from
the fruit. The complaint said Palm
olive “will not insure a beautiful
skin nor avert the consequences of
advancing age.”
The commission objected to ad
vertised comparisons of the Col
gate dentifices with “ordinary” prep
arations, saying they possess no in
herent superiority and asserting
that the sparkle of teeth depends on
qualities of the enamel.
Montevideo Labor Meeting
MEXICO, Feb. 7 (/p.—The news-,
paper Excelsior said yesterday that
the Latin American Labor Federa
tion had called an “emergency
meeting” for February 15 at Monte
video and that the purpose was to
urge establishment of diplomatic re
lations between the American re
publics and the 16 Soviet republics.
100 lbs. of waste
paper makes 650
cartons for Army
“K” rations. Keep
•nr boys well-fed!
Start saving waste
paper!
Big Gas Cracking Plant Hums
To Send Bomber Fleets Over Foe
«. 4
BALTIMORE GIANT—
This is one of the
world’s largest catalytic
crackers which breaks
up petroleum to give
valuable lOO-o c t a n e
aviation fuel for Amer-*
lean flyers. Operated
by the Standard Oil Co.
of New Jersey, it is
working 24 hours a day
turning out fuel suffi
cient to send great
fleets of bombers over
Europe every third
night.
By MALCOLM LAMBORNE.
St»r Staff Correspondent.
BALTIMORE, Feb. 8.—Imagine
yourself atop a 20-story building
with a mammoth boiler heated to
1.000 degrees under your feet, with
the roar of a thousand broken radi
ators on floors below, and the whole
structure, boilers and all, swaying
in the breeze.
Add them all up, and you have
an idea of what one of the world’s
largest catalytic crackers is like—a
giant of steel, concrete and asbestos
which breaks the petroleum mole
cules apart to give American and
Allied flyers the precious 100-octane
gasoline.
This reporter is the first to see
the unit in full operation. Standard
Oil Co. of New Jersey employes
fondly call it the "Big Cat.” Since
the middle of December it has been
working full blast, but it has been
little publicized. Its daily output
is a secret and something the Axis
would like to know. This much is
known and it’s no good news for
the enemy:
The giant is turning out enough
fuel to send a fleet of 1,000 bombers
over Europe every third night.
The Big Cat’s appetite is enor
mous and insatiable. Each hour,
around the clock, six men in a near
by control shack send approximately
25.000 gallons of petroleum and
thousands of cubic feet of air pour
ing into the unit. Every 24 hours
many thousands of tons of catalyst
—a finely powdered substance which
also is a secret but which does the
job of "cracking” the petroleum
into component parts—circulates
through its miles of pipes.
The hum of the gltot 14 heard
as you approach within a few yards.
It is an taper roar that nevgr stops,
An elevator takes you to the-14th
story and when you step out to its
steel floor, the swaying motion stops
you dead.
Your guide for the trip, an official
of the refinery, gives assurances that
it is all right. The motion has been
going on ever since the plant started
operations, and the structure, which
represents the product of some of
the best engineering brains, is so
designed that it can take the pun
ishment for years to come. Besides,
he points out, it is only a sway of a
quarter inch.
Maybe so. but you still hold tightly
to the steel railing—the only pro
tection between you and the good
earth. You climb stairs and after
about four flights, you begin to get
your sea legs.
The way is led out a ramp where
you find yourself over the big boiler.
It is the regenerator. Inside the
catalyst is being subjected to about
1,000 degrees of heat to rid it of car
bon which it picked up in the proc
ess of breaking up the petroleum a
few moments before in the reactor.
Rid of carbon, the catalyst returns
to the reactor to repeat its job. On
its way back to the regenerator, the
catalyst is also subjected to tremen
dous air pressure whifch raises the
temperature to the 1,000 degrees.
It suddenly occurs to you that
| despite the great heat inside only a
warm glow is felt close up. Actually
the air remains cold up there on the
ramp. A perfect job of insulation
is the answer.
Of the many thousands of tons of
catalyst circulating each 24 hours
through the unit, only about two
tons a day are lost. Box cars of the
vital substance stand by ready to
replenish the supply.
The entire operation of the plant
is done by the six specially trained
men who work from the adjacent
control room. There they keep con
stant watch on numerous gauges
and charts which tell every minute
of *he day what is gdin£‘&p‘ifc the
giant.
t ,Construction on £hp Big Cajt bb
gan February, 1942, and $5,000,000
was expended on this project alone.
Today the Baltimore giant is work
ing 100 per cent for the war effort.
When peace returns, it will produce
fuel for our homes and our automo
biles.
Miss Dorothy T. Pearse
Resigns as Director
Of Day Care Office
The resignation of Miss Dorothy T.
Pearse, for the past two years direc
tor of the day-car office under the
Commissioners, was announced to
day by Robert L.
Haycock, super
intendent of
schools and now
responsible for
a d m 1 nistration
of the day-care
office under the
Board of Educa
tion.
‘‘Because a
background of
experience in ad
m i n istration of
public schools is
essential in the
_ , person of the di
Dorothy T. Pearac. rector,” Mr. Hay
cock said, “Miss Pearse, who up to
now has been in charge of day-care
busings affairs, is voluntarily with
drawing from the project.”
Miss Pearse said her resignation
becomes effective February 14, when
the board assumes full control of
both the financial and educational
aspects of services to all children
over 2 years of age.
Counseling and placement services
for children under 2 years still re
main with the old day-care office,
whch has an appeal pending for
$1,800 from the Community War
Fund, while another agency is sought
to continue support of the work.
Mr. Haycock expects to bring be
fore the Personnel Committee on
February 16 recommendations for
the position of administrator. Ap
pointment of two assistant directors
one for white and one for colored'
also is being considered, he indi
cated.
The work of Miss Pearse as finan
cial director of the 10 nursery school
centers was praised highly by the
board when it accepted control from
the Commissioners. Miss Pearse to
day expressed the pleasure she had
received from working with her col
leagues at the day care office and
expressed the hope that services to
children under 2 will be continued.
Federzoni Is Reported
Escaped From Fascists
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Feb. 7.—Luigi Fed
erzoni, former president of the
Italian Academy and Fascist Grand
Council member, who was sentenced
to death as one of the officials vot
ing for Mussolini’s ouster last July,
has escaped from puppet Fascist au
thorities in Northern Italy, the
Hungarian Telegraph Bureau said
yesterday in a Zurich dispatch re
ceived by OWI.
Although sentenced in absentia,
Federzoni had been under arrest,
according to the Hungarian report
recorded by United States Govern
ment monitors. It gave no details
of his escape.
Dr. J. C. Ball to Retire;
Metropolitan Baptist
Pastor for 41 Years
The Rev. Dr. John Compton Ball,
81-year-old pastor of Metropolitan
Baptist Church for the past 41
years, plans to retire at the end of
this year and
will become
pastor emeritus
at an annual
salary of $4,000.
He disclosed
today he had
asked the Board
of Deacons at a
special meeting
following yes
terday’s services
to retire him
this year. The
ward refused,
jut when Dr.
Ball insisted
Dr. b*ii. they agreed to
find a new pastor who will assume
his duties January T, 1945.
Forty-four memDers of the church,
located at Sixth and A streets N.E.,
announced last week they had re
signed from the church as the out
growth of the resignation of the
assistant pastor, the Rev. John M.
Ballbach, 28. The group plans to
form a new church and, meanwhile,
members are holding services at the
Northeast Masonic Temple.
Mr. Ballbach asserted he had been
asked to resign by Dr. Ball and that
the resignation was an outgrowth
of “certain conditions in the
church.”
Dr. Ball said that he was willing
“to step aside at any time.” A year
ago he requested retirement, but
the board refused to act. The board
agreed yesterday to name Dr. Ball
pastor emeritus upon his retirement
from active duties in the church.
Pastor since 1903. Dr. Ball deliv
ered the opening prayer at a session
of the House under Speakers from
“Uncle Joe” Cannon to Speaker
Bankhead.
His first pastorate was at the Nejy
Bethlehem (Pa.) Baptist Church
following his graduation in 1899
from Crozier Theological Seminary
in Chester, Pa. He is a native of
England and came to this country
as a boy.
Dr. John J. Field
DENTIST
4067th St. N.W. ME. 9256
Third Floor, Woolworth Building
ADVERTISEMENT.
Jtaric Acid Mixture
Good For Sore Eyes
Thousands troubled with tired, inflamed,
burning, itching or sticky eyes praise Lav
opttk. a refreshing mixture of boric acid
and other beneficial Ingredients. Soothes
granulated eyelids. Must satisfy or money
refunded. 30 years success. Thousands
g™j“ It- Oet LaTopttk today. At aU
drug stores.
National Observance
Of Boy Scout Week
Begins Tomorrow
The 34th anniversary of the
founding of the Boy Scout move
ment in America will be marked by
the observance of Boy 'Scout Week
throughout the country, beginning
tomorrow and lasting thi'ough Feb
ruary 14.
The active enrollment of Scouts,
Cubs and adult volunteer leaders is
estimated at 1,575,000, and more
than 11,400,000 men and boy$ have
been in Scouting since February 8,
1910, according to figures at national
headquarters.
45 War Service Projects.
During the war the Scouts have
participated in 45 war service proj
ects to assist Government agencies.
One of the present projects is waste
paper collection, for which Scouts
and Cubs are making their second
major drive at the request of War
Production Board Chairman Donald
M. Nelson. Their first drive brought
in 122,000 tons, or nearly a fourth
of the paper collected, two years
ago.
More than 315.000 Scouts have
qualified as dispatch bearers lor the
Office of War Information, carrying
official identification cards signed
by OWI Director Elmer Davis and
Elbert K. Fretwell chief Scout execu
tive. These boys distribute and post
in public places Government posters
and other literature.
Orders for War Bonds and Stamps
are being taken by Scouts during
the Fourth War Loan drive, and the
boys also work on farms to produce
and conserve food.
Victory Patrols.
A feature of Boy Scout Week
observance this year will be the
creation of “victory patrols" com
prising former Scouts now in the
armed forces, more than 600 of
whom have received high awards
from the Government for gallantry
and heroism.
The Scouts will take over many
store windows to display handicraft
and to demonstrate skills acquired
in Scouting. Investiture ceremonies
during the week are expected to
bring hundreds of boys into the
organization.
Next Sunday will be “Boy Scout
Sunday," and Scouts will attend
church and synagogue services ir.
uniform.
Torture Tojo with another bond.
He will feel the squeeze more than
y°u do.
Thief in Rubber Sheet
Robs Couple, Strips
And Cuffs Girl Guest
A gunman weirdly disguised in a
rubber sheet which covered him
from head to foot, awakened a couple
jin their bed early yesterday
and robbed them, after forcing the
wife, an expectant mother, to bind
and gag her husband. He then
roused an 18-year-old girl roomer in
the same household, stripped her
nightgown from her and escaped
with the contents of her purse, after
cuffing her when she remonstrated.
When Mrs. John M. Curran, 525
Eleventh street S.E., was awakened
she peered into the eyes of the in
truder, glaring from two slits cut
in the rubber sheet. He cautioned
silence as he threatened her with
a revolver.
Apologizes, But Takes Money.
Her husband slept on, she told
police, as she pleaded with the
masked man to leave, explaining
she was pregnant. The thief apol
ogized, Mrs. Curran said, but nev
ertheless forced her to awaken her
husband, tie his hands with a neck
tie and gag him.
Motioning Mrs. Curran toward a
stairway, he directed her to the first
floor of the house and there took
$12 and a wrist watch. He ordered
her to return to her bedroom and
turned his attention to a room oc
cupied by Gloria Moore, 18, who was
still asleep.
The gunman ordered her to get out
of bed and to remove her nightgown,
slapping her face when she refused,
police said. He then tied her hands
and, after taking $8 from a purse
on the dresserfran to the first floor
and escaped through a window,
am
'qjpp
which he had forced In making his
entrance.
Hands "Like a Woman’s."
All three victims gave substantial
ly similar descriptions of the thief.
He was, they said, a white man,
probably about 20 years old, with a
polite manner and cultured speech.
His hands, the only exposed portion
of his. body, were “like a woman’s,”
they agreed.
Coinciding with the police broad
cast for. the apprehension of the
gunman was an alarm, radioed to all
cruising police cars, to be on the
lookout for Joseph Hockenberry, 20,
who escaped from the ward for the
criminally insane at Gallinger Hos
pital January 31. He has been re
ported in the southeast section of
the city and is thought to be armed.
He was transferred to the hospital
from District Jail, where he was
serving a sentence for assaulting
women.
Father Furfey to Lead
Library Panel Discussion
The Rev. Paul H. Fdrfey, head of
the department of sociology of the
Catholic University of America, will
lead a panel discussing “The Prob
lem of Minority Groups” at 8:30
p.m. Wednesday at the Library of
Congress, it was announced today.
Other speakers on the panel, the
fourth in the current series of
round-table seminars sponsored by
the Library of Congress Discussion
Group, are Miss Maude E. Aiton, ad
ministrative principal of the Ameri
canization School here: Dr. Francis
J. Brown of the American Counall
on Education, Dr. E. Franklin Fra
zier, fellow of the Library of Con
gress in American Negro studies:
Dr. Alain Locke, department of
philosophy of Howard University,
and Rabbi Solomon Metz of the
Sixth Street Synagogue.
Bhr
Goering Reported ot Front
NEW YORK, Feb. 7 (F).—Reichs
marshal Hermann Goering, German
air minister, and representatives of
the German high command and
general staff have arrived at the
headquarters of Field Marshal Gen.
Georg von Kuechler, commander of
the northern section of the eastern
ADVERTISEMENT.
Now Many Wear
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FASTEETH. a pleasant alkaline (non
acid) powder, holds false teeth more
firmly. To cat and talk in more comfort.
Just sprinkle a little FA8TEETH on your
plates. No gummy, gooey, pasty taste
or feeling. Checks “plate odor" (denture
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store._
front, the Moscow radio said yes
terday in a broadcast reported by
OWL
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Industry’s Part in Post-War Employment
When helmets are laid away the fight for a durable peace
must still go on. The final victory will be won in terms of jobs
and security. Industry plans to help win this post-war battle
by continuing to produce at a rate that will keep plants busy,
workers employed. Here are some of the ways:
1. By reconverting plants to the production of peacetime
goods as rapidly as conditions permit...
2. By rebuilding the facilities that will enable the world’s
industry to get back on a peacetime basis of production ...
3. By replenishing the supply of homes, cars, radios and
all the other conveniences of a peacetime world which mil
lions of families will be able to buy with their war bond
savings...
To carry out this program millions of workers will be needed
in both new industries and old. Plans are now in effect to
rehabilitate, train and re-employ former employees disabled
in the armed services.
I
_BUY JBORE WAR BONDS to do todoy’s job...to provide tomorrow’s jobs
I
Industry’s Fighting Ally and Peacetime Partner
During war-time, Nickel’s job is to put extra fight into steel
and other metals... to help man make alloys that will not
fail in the vital parts of fighting equipment.
But Nickel must also stand ready to again help industry pro
duce the implements of peace ... to help it improve the prod
ucts that serve men and provide them livelihoods.
| When that time comes—when Nickel joins hands with other
* metals to make the plant equipment, the locomotives, the
I homes and cars, on which jobs depend-Nickel will be better
prepared to serve men than ever before.
Manufacturers-who need help on metal problems are invited
to consult International Nickel’s technical staff.
The International I § t Company, Ine.
“*■ ™ ^ -*■ -*-• New York, N. i.
World’s largest miners, smelters and refiners of Nickel...
producers of Monel and other high Nickel Alloys.

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