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TEN ESCAPE FROM TOJO
Wounded Prisoners Used as Ramparts For Guns That Pounded The Rock' r The second installment of the personal narrative of the two ranking Navy and Army officers who led the escape party from a Japanese prison camp in the Philippines. By OOMDR. MELVYN H. McCOY, U. S. N., and LT. COL. S. N. MELL NIK, U. S. A., As Told to LT. WELBOURN KELLEY, U. S. N. R. Chapter II—Last Hours at Doomed Correfidor. Comdr. McCoy: Even in the tunnels of Corregidor we could feel the Japanese barrage. One night toward the end of April it lifted for a short time. Hundreds of people went out for a breath of air and a smoke. It was pitch dark. Suddenly the group of people around the tunnel entrance seemed to be struck by lightning. A salvo of Japanese 240-mm. shells had landed in their midst. Just one salvo—no more. Fortunately, it was dark and the survivors did not have to look on the scene around them. Lt. Col. Mellnik: The headquarters of Gen. Wain wright and Gen. Moore were in Malinta Tunnel. In this tunnel were the hospital, machine shops, food and ammunition reserves, radio atation and administration units. I was directed to form and take charge of the Malinta Tunnel guard. This guard was to prevent a Jap raiding unit from getting in and capturing the headquarters units, thus bringing about the surrender of Corregidor. On the night of May 5, about 8 p.m., the guard was alerted—an enemy landing appeared likely. Enemy 240-mm. shells were fall ing. The tunnel system literally X:: At 10 a.m., orders were sent to all artillery Units to destroy their guns and installations by noon. There were few guns left to destroy. However, stocks of ammunition, power plants and other installa tions and supplies had to be made useless. To most, the surrender came as a relief. But the silence following the surrender was worse than the shell ing. The sudden opening of a door, a falling chair, would make us jump and flinch. In the moment of sur render none of us thought of to morrow, for there was no tomorrow. For us, the end had come. Comdr. McCoy: At 11:55 a.m.. May 8, 1942, I wrote out the Navy’s last message and handed it to a radioman at the sending apparatus. ‘‘Beam it for Radio Honolulu,” I said. “Don’t bother with code.” Then the mes sage began to go out. “Going off air now. Good bye and good luck. Callahan and McCoy. It was three hours before the im perial Japanese marines finally swarmed into the Navy tunnel. During that wait, I had time to think of the two chances I had had to escape from Corregidor during The Japanese say this picture shows the desolation on Corregidor, including lines of prisoners and bomb-wasted ter rain, after the island fortress in Manila Bay was captured from the American defenders. —A. P. Photo. rocked from their impact. As fast as we used up supplies of food or ammunition, the storage space was turned into a hospital area. We had to build triple-decker beds to accommodate all the wounded. The nurses behaved like cham pions. The wounded fully realized the hopelessness of the situation and made little complaint. About 4 am.. May 6, I made a routine visit to the hospital tunnel. Everything was normal. Breakfast was being served. One blond nurse winked, at me and sang out. “if you fellows can’s chase those Nips away, we nurses will have to get out there and do it ourselves." Barriers Replaced. The entrances to the tunnel were lit. by the glow of motor vehicles which had been hit by shells and were burning. I checked on a machine gun position outside the tunnel. There I found Sergts. Spiel man and Marshall. Their machine gun pit had been blasted out several times during the night. They were digging themselves out of a pile of rubble w’hich had covered their gun in the explosion of a heavy salvo. About dawn we received a report three Jap tanks had landed in the fighting area. The road leading through the tunnel had antitank barricades at various intervals. These consisted of concrete pillars to W’hich were attached iron rail road rails. During the night these rails had been removed to permit an ammunition carrier to get through, and at one place the bar ricade was exposed to enemy fire. When I called for volunteers to replace the tank barrier. Sergt. Scott O'Neil stepped forward with a detail of 10 men. They replaced the rails without casualty. Sergt. O'Neil was awarded the Silver Star. No enemy tank got near the head quarters tunnel until after the sur render. By 9 am. on the day of the sur render, Jap snipers had infiltrated our beach defense lines in some force. Bullets whizzed around the tunnel entrances, adding a new note to the scream of falling shells and the blast of exploding bombs. the seige. both of which I had turned down. Outfitted Schooner. The first of these escape oppor tunities came on the day after Christmas. 1941. Outside the bay was the sailing ship Lanakai, a two-master which had once been used by Hollywood. There was a place for me aboard, and I could have received permission to go; but I was radio materiel officer for the Navy, and I knew that my services would be needed in our communi cations. I outfitted the Lanakai with certain equipment and pro vided enlisted personnel to operate it. The Lanakai got through. Another opportunity had pre sented itself the month before. A small group of us came Into possfeS- ( sion of the sloop. Southern Seas, completely outfitted with charts, food, fuel for the auxiliary engine, and new sails and rigging. The Southern Seas was anchored off The Rock, and a few of us intended to board her and make for the open sea at the last moment before cap ture. In the last days before surrender, however, we were too busy to think of escape. The Japs began to hit The Rock with a minimum of 5,000 j shells a day, mostly of about 150 mm., along with some 240s and 105s. On one day they blasted us with 16.000 shells, mostly fired from gun emplacements on Bataan. Much of this fire could not be returned. The Japs massed much of their artillery in the No. 2 hospital area on Bataan, an area which we knew to contain at least 6,000 American and Filipino wounded. The Japs literally used our wounded to make ramparts around their guns. When I got ready to use the Southern Seas it was too late. Two days before the surrender the sloop was stolen from her moorings by some of our own people. Whoever took her obviously did not know our recognition signals. As she passed one of .our outer bastions she did not answer a challenge. She was riddled with gunfire and sunk. Pre sumably all aboard were killed. Tomorrow: The Enemy Takes Over. (Released by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.) Charles K. Brown Dies; Staunton Publisher By the Associated Press. STAUNTON, Va„ Feb. 7.—Charles Kenneth Brown. 51. vice president and general manager of the Leader Publishing Co., publishers of the News Leader and Evening Leader, morning and afterftoon daily news papers here, died yesterday after a heart attack. He was born in Kansas City, Mo., the son of the late Rev. Stonewall Jackson Brown, a Methodist minis ter. He came here as a reporter 17 years ago and later was made editor of the News Leader. A year ago, on the death of his brother-in-law, Brig. Gen. Hierome L. Opie, he was named general manager of the papers. Mr. Brown was a former gover nor of the Virginia district of Rotary International and long had been active in the affairs of the Interna tional organization. Dr. Kremer J. Hoke Dies; Dean of William and Mary By tfce Associated press. WILLIAMSBURG, Va„ Feb. 7.— Dean Kremer J. Hoke of the College of William and Mary died of a heart attack in a Richmond hospital yes terday after a brief illness. An outstanding figure in Virginia education, Dr. Hoke had been a member of the faculty of William and Mary since 1920. Nationally known. for his work with the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, he had served as chairman of the Com mission on Curricular Problems and Research since 1936. "Dean Hoke will be greatly missed at William and Mary.” President John E. Pomfret said, "and his loss will be felt not only at the college, but in national educational circles.” From 1916 to 1920, Dr. Hoke served as superintendent of schools in Du luth, Minn. • Virginia Partially Lifts Ban on Liquor 'Dividend' By the Associated Press. RICHMOND, Feb, 7.—Virginians holding stocks in distilling concerns will be given an opportunity to bring into the State, despite the present' liquor rationing restrictions, a limited quantity of the spirits to which their shares entitle them. The Alcoholic Beverage Control Board announced it would permit the importation of the whisky and other spirits for private use only, under a special permit which would limit the holder to the amount of liquor allowed on one share—not to exceed 18 cases—to be delivered within a specified period of 10 months. To date, under the State law limiting to one gallon the amount of whisky that an individual can bring into Virginia, distilling com pany stockholders given liquor divi dends had been unable to take ad vantage of them. Montgomery Schools Top Bond Sale Quotas Montgomery County public schools continue to exceed their quotas in the campaign they are conducting under direction of Dr. Edwin W. Broome, county superintendent of schools, to sell $200,000 worth of War Bonds as their share of the county's quota of $2,200,000. At Laytonsville Friday night, where the Laytonsville and Unity Schools staged a joint rally, bonds totaling $7,775 were subscribed for, $5,975 being credited to the Laytons ville School and $1,800 to the school at Unity. The quotas were $1,300 and $200, respectively. A rally at the Montrose School produced sales of $7,325 and at a similar meeting at the school at Dickerson the sales totaled $2,100. The Montrose quota was $825 and the quota for the Dickerson School $650. SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS FEBRUARY 7, 1944. * - _ Blackout Test Called 'Most Successful' Held Here So Far 13 Persons Reported For Violating Rules, Five Others Warned The District’s 28th air-raid test last night—the first blackout held here since October 15—was termed today by Army and Civilian De fense officials as the “most suc cessful” thus far. Police found it necessary, how ever, to report the names of 13 persons to the Corporation Counsel for violating the regulations, while 5 other persons, not reported, were given warnings. OCD officials observed the test from the Washington Monument. The party included MaJ. Gen. John T. Lewis, commanding general of the military district of Washing ton, and Commissioners John Rus sell Young and Charles W. Kut?. Gen. Lewis said he felt the black out surpassed any previous test, while Commissioner Young, who is regional OCD director, termed it ‘highly satisfactory.” The officials were pleased with the promptness with which street and traffic lights went out at the given signal. Federal Buildings Mar Test. Lights from several Government buildings and passing cars were the only factors marring the test. In scattered instances lights in private homes remained on, but were quickly turned off when air-raid wardens noticed the violation. Prom the Monument a light could be seen burning in the Capitol. During the test the airport was completely blacked out. Union Sta tion was partially darkened, as al lowed, with business almost as usual, except during the 10-minute red alarm period, when no one was al lowed to leave. Only two minor accidents, neither Involving injuries, were reported hiring the blackout. The actual test lasted from 9:30 p.m. to 10:45, although the first audible signal for lights-out sounded at 9:55. Tire wavering red signal, halting pedes trian and vehicular traffic, came at 10:20 and the second steady blast fblue) sounded at 10:30. The all clear came at 10:45 p.m. Moonlight Is Bright. The full moon Illuminated the area during the test. The~ White House, which had been darkened early, was invisible to observers in the Monument before the blackout began, but was seen clearly after the surrounding buildings were dark ened. Officials were pleased at the com pliance of nearby counties. Arling ton was completely blacked out. Not i light could be seen. Frank C. Hanrahan, Arlington County OCD director, said, “The best I’ve seen yet.” Excellent results also were re ported in Montgomery and Prince Oeorges Counties. Pedestrian traffic on downtown streets thinned noticeably about naif an hour before the test started. William J. Mlleham, chief air •aid warden, reported his group re iponded "splendidly.” Simulated ncidents were held throughout the :ity, but dispatching of emergency squipment was held to a minimum because of the shortage of gasoline. The blackout was the first held under the new War Department policy of permitting one announced test on Sunday every three months. Bethesda Woman Buys Barboursville Estate By th* Associsted Press. ORANGE. Va.. Feb. 7.—Barbours ville, historic estate of the late Gov. James Barbour, at Bar boursville In Orange County, the ruins of which furnished some scenes for the motion picture, "Vir ginia,’* has been purchased by Mrs. Charles H. Merryman of Harris onburg. now living in Bethesda. Md., from the estate of the late Mrs. Carolina B. Ellis. f Mrs. Ellis was a granddaughter of Gov. Barbour, colorful figure in early Virginia. The estate, comprising 240 acres, has attracted thousands during the annual Garden Week pilgrimages in the spring. The ruins, with its boxwood gar dens, represents a typical }uin of the old South, and is the residue of the home designed by Thomas Jefferson which burned on Christ mas Day, 1884. Of brick construc tion, it was typically Colonial, with large columns which still stand, together with much of the side walls, and the annex, used by Gov. Barbour as his office. Miss Lena H. Carey D;*s; Arlington School Principal Miss Lena H. Carey, principal of Patrick Henry Elementary School, Arlington, for the last 23 years, died yesterday at Sibley Hospital after a three-week illness. Miss Carey was a graduate of the University of Virginia and joined the Arlington County teaching staff In 1919. In 1921 she was made principal of the largest elementary school in the county. She is survived by two sisters, Miss Mary Carey, principal of the Wood row Wilson Elementary School; Mrs. E. M. Pennington, and a brother, C. Irving Carey. Funeral services will be held at 10 a.m. Wednesday at the Ives funeral home, 2847 Wilson boulevard, Ar lington, with burial at Yeocomico, near Tucker Hill, Va. Dr. A. C. Powell Dies at 89; Noted Maryland Minister By the Associated Press. BALTIMORE. Feb. 7.—The Rev. Dr. Arthur Chilton Powell, 89, rector emeritus of Grace and St. Peters Church and one of the original trustees of the Protestant Episcopal Cathedral of the Incarnation, died yesterday after a brief illness. Dr. Powell was admitted Janu ary 26 to the church hospital, suf fering from chronic bronchitis. He was one of the oldest mem bers of the Diocese of Maryland and served as active rector of Grace and St. Peter’s Church for 25 years. Bom July 22, 1854, in Dayton, Ohio, he was educated in the public schools of Dayton and was gradu ated from Amherst College, Am herst, Mass., in 1876. Surviving are & eon, Paul R. Powell, and five grandchildren. Nylon Production Could Fill Most Hosiery Needs By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Feb. 7.—Need ny lons? The head nylon dalesman for the company that makes the thread says production has ex panded so much that when mili tary demands drop off, it “will be sufficient to supply most of the hosiery industry.” Robert A. Ramsdell, sales direc tor for that division of E. I. Dupont De Memours & Co., says conver sion will be immediate when Gov ernment requirements permit. Incidentally, the latest reported bootleg market quotation on nylon stockings was $7 a pair, for a good grade, and $6 for the buyer-beware kind. They were $12 at Christmas and no picking. Fort Myer Private Dies of Injuries in Hit-Run Accident Arlington Man Held; Two Women Hurt In Streetcar Crash An Army private, struck by a hit and-run driver Saturday night, died this morning in Walter Reed Hospi tal. His death brought to seven the number ot traffic fatalities in the District since January 1, equaling the figure for the same period last year. Pvt. Jack R. Peck, 22, of Gaines ville, Ala., a soldier at Fort Myer, was hit by a <car at Thirty-fourth and M streets N.W. Saturday night. The driver failed to halt and the automobile sped into Virginia over the Key Bridge, witnesses told police. Arrested later and charged with leaving the scene of an accident and failing to give right of way to a pedestrian was Charles E. Narring ton. 53, of Arlington. Va., a mechanic employed by Pennsylvania-Central Airlines. To Be Held for Inquest. Police said today that Narrington, who is free in $1,500 bail, will be re arrested and held pending a coro ner’s Inquest into the soldier’s death. Two women were injured, one seri ously, in a crash of two Capital Transit Co. street cars at Thir teenth and D streets N.E. yesterday. Police said the car in which the women were injured stopped to dis charge passengers and was struck in the rear by a second car. Mrs. Myrtle Stukey, 58. of 1635 L street N.E., was taken to Emergency Hospital suffering from possible fractures of the back and neck, police declared. Her condition is critical. The second casualty. Mrs. Annie Diggle, 41, of 1600 Isher wood street N.E.. was treated at the same hospital for minor bruises and discharged. Policeman Injured. Policeman William J. Weston of the ninth precinct, was slightly in jured early yesterday when a taxi cab In which he was driving a col ored cabbie under arrest for drunken driving to the police station, crashed against a tree in the 600 block of Ninth street N.E. The collision occurred, according to police, when James F. Weaver. 29, colored, of Cheverly, Md„ at tempted to strike Weston with a bottle and grabbed the steering wheel, causing the cab to go out of control. Weaver was also injured when his head struck the wind shield as the car hit the tree. Both were treated at Casualty Hospital artd Weaver was later transferred to the psychopathic prison ward of Gallinger Hospital, charged with driving while drunk and assault ing an officer. 500 Gulf Oil Workers To Get Overtime Pay About 500 service station attend ants with the Gulf Oil Corp. in the District, Maryland, Virginia, New Jersey and Pennsylvania may now be paid time and a half for overtime in excess of 48 hours, the regional War Labor Board in Phila delphia ruled today. Special permission from the board was sought by the company because gasoline station employes are not covered by the Wages and Hours Act. under which time and a half is 1 mandatory for work over 40 hours. First Inductees Called Tomorrow Under New Draft Plan 19 Given Physical Test Here Three Weeks Ago Will Report Tomorrow The first District men to go into the armed forces under the new draft procedure calling for a thor ough physical examination at least three weeks ahead of induction will report to the Navy Recruiting Sta tion at 8:30 am. tomorrow. The 19 men scheduled to report tomorrow were among those ex amined and found physically quali fied for the Navy at the Fort Myer examining station last month. urter lest Tomorrow. When they report to the recruit ing station tomorrow the men will be given a brief physical examina tion to make sure no physical de fects have developed since their trip to Fort Myer. If they pass that examination they will be sworn in and sent to a training center. It was explained that selection of men for the Marine Corps and Coast Guard will be made from the group acceptable for the Navy and they will be sent to the Marine or Coast Guard stations. Army selectees will not begin re porting under the new system until February 22, when the first group goes to District selective service headquarters and from there to Fort Meade, Md„ or Camp Lee, Va„ to be examined and sworn into the Army. In the meantime, men sworn into the Army and Marine Corps are still reporting for duty under the old procedure, which allowed them a three or two week furlough after induction. Three men inducted into the Marine Corps January 25 and 29, sworn into the Army Jan uary 18. will report for duty after their postinduction furlough to morrow. Others Report to Navy. Since the Navy previously granted only one-week furloughs, the last of the men sworn into the Navy under the old procedure reported for duty today. They had been inducted anuary 31. Following are the men found ac ceptable to the Navy who have been ordered by their local boards to re port at the Navy recruiting station tomorrow: Comp’.cn, Aaron B. Nichols. Philip. Fanning, D A . sr Johnson. Eugene M. Foreman. H Clark Leverett. Robert L. Goodman. Samuel Merritt. Matthew, r Moseley. Joseph A Terry, Thomas E gtulTner. Wm A., jr. Perry. Vincent F Self. Robert J. Stephens. Thelmo S. Carr. William H. Tyler, Melvin S Caldwell. James L. Young. Samuel L. McConnell, H. R.. jr. The following men will report for active duty in the Army tomorrow: L**wis. Seth Lansden. John K. S. Conlon. John J Baker. Joseph P. Hunt. William A. Johnston, Felton M. W'ilson, Thierry J. Lawhorn. John J Rodill. Benjamin F. Hudgins. Daniel H. Lowery. Charles D Kraus. Milton Buckwalter. Rov P Ambrost. Anthony Meadows. David W. Shorb, George V McMahon. Milton F. Kelly. William J. LaVigne, Norman Dunaway Philip H. Ireland. Joseph P. Conley. James A. Price. Joseph L. Molitor, Carl Wf. Winbigler. Daniel R. Schmitz. Philip L. Housel. Howard W. Wong. Gay J. Greene, Byron A. The following men will report for active duty in the Marine Corps to morrow: Fioramontt. Rceco Edwgrflg. Jgmeg W. Doria, Eugene A. Alexandria Church Gives Red Cross Unit Use of Hall The parish hall of Grace Epis copal Church at 207 South Patrick street, Alexandria, has been turned over to the local chapter of the Red Cross for its blood donor pro gram and home nursing and nurses' aides classes. It was announced over the week end. The vestry has made the hall available without charge and has agreed to allow equipment to be set up permanently. The blood donor unit has been coming to Christ Church parish hall since the pro gram started in April. 1942. and the board of the Red Cross chapter has expressed its appreciation to the church for its co-operation. Mrs. Thomas Reamy, blood donor chairman, announced that next vis its of the unit, on February 23 and 28, will be at Grace Church. Home nursing classes will be held at the new location every Tuesday and Thursday afternoon and eve ning, said Mrs. R. B. High, chair man, and Mrs. Howard Richards, chairman of nurses' aides, is plan ning classes at the parish hall for the near future. SHE COLLECTS INSIGNIA—Mrs. Yvonne Davis, waitress in a restaurant at 722 Seventeenth street N.W., who already has about 50 silver and gold pins representing virtually allcom missioned ranks of all the services, lets her husband. Staff Sergt. Janies J. Davis, add his Marine Air Force pin to her collection. Mrs. Davis, who lives at 702 Tenth street N.E., said she picked up most of the insignia from officers who gave them to her as souvenirs when they were about to leave the city. Her pins range from those of a major general down to the insigna of a •warrant officer. —a. P. Photo. U. S. Keeps Families Posted On War Prisoner Broadcasts As Dr. Robert D. Leigh, chief of the FCC Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service, watches, Mrs. Martha Gronfield takes down in English news of American prisoners of war being sent short wave to this country by the Germans.—Star Staff Photo. Instead of listening anxiously on your shortwave radio for enemy broadcasts about your boy who may be a prisoner of war, you may de pend on Uncle Sam to let you know about any such message through an elaborate system of Nation-wide listening posts headed up in an office here in Washington. No longer is it necessary to catch such precious words yourself out of the air, or even depend on some friends, or strangers who may hap pen to hear as they listen in. The Government has a way of do ing the job more comprehensively, more accurately and round the clock. The system is operated by the Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service of the Federal Communica tions Commission, known for the sake of abbreviation as FBIS, not to be confused with FBI, which is the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the Justice Department. Service to Families. Indication that the Government was doing some such work was di vulged generally sometime ago, when a warning went out to fam ilies not to be taken in by anyone who wanted to furnish such radio messages for money. But more de tails of the operation have just come to light. The service is free to families. The messages are picked up by a kind of super monitoring system, channeling through the central re ceiving station here at 1424 K street N.W. Into this headquarters come messages from many different list ening posts scattered throughout the United States and abroad. So complete is the monitoring, 24 hours a day, according to experts, that it is safe to say that no single pris oner's message shot into the air by an enemy radio station amid a flood of enemy propaganda escapes the keen ears of Uncle Sam’s official listeners-in. Some of the messages, purporting to have been sent by the enemy from men of our armed forces who are prisoners abroad, may be sus pect. The enemy is not broadcasting these messages to give aid and com fort to relatives back home but to entice Americans to listen to propa 1 ganda. The enemy realizes news 1 ----—--_____ | from a prisoner is most eagerly awaited in thousands of American homes, especially since the recent disclosure of Japanese atrocities. All the Facts Checked. So the Government in its compre hensive coverage of Axis broad casts carefully checks, so far as pos sible, all facts in the broadcast against information available in official sources here. Into the office on K street, which is set up with translators, typewrit ers, telephones with earphanes and receiving machines, pour messages picked up by powerful receiving sta tions near Washington in Puerto Rico, in Texas. San Francisco. Ore gon and from other listening posts abroad. Translators are constantly at work sifting the wheat from the chalT. analyzing broadcasts for high officials in the Government, and taking careful note of all messages | which mav concern an American prisoner of war. These messages are being broad cast from time to time by both the Japanese and the Germans. They usually give the prisoner's name and the name and address of some next of kin. usually a mother, father, wife. Included in the message often is some detail of information which | would not be known outside the immediate family. As soon as such messages arrive at K street they are forwarded to the next, of kin home address, with the explanation it came from Axis1 sources. In the cases of soldiers,! i the information is forwarded to the jWar Department, which checks with ■the man’s service ercord. Most of jthe messages are found to be bona flde, conforming to the War Depart ment’s report of prisoners of war. Some vary in details. About 50 to 60 such messages clear through FBIS here daily. A total of about 1.800 have been handled since the service began. Everything is done by FBIS and the War Department: to give full and accurate informa-1 ition to the family. One anxious i father here recently was told by j ! friends they had heard a message about his boy. Early next morning; he rushed to the FBIS and there i was the message, through channels, i in complete text. Farmers' Club Marks 100th Anniversary Two Judges Address Sandy Spring Group Montgomery County Circuit Court Judges Charles W. Woodward and Stedman Prescott were the principal speakers Saturday night at a dinner celebrating the 100th anniversary of the Senior Farms Club of Sandy Spring, Md. The affair was held in the Manor Club at Norbeck. Organization of the group grew out of a desire for improvement in agricultural methods through ex change of ideas. Under the farmers’ constitution, adopted 100 years ago, meetings are held monthly and those attend ing inspect the crops, stock and farm implements and discuss Ihe agricultural methods used by the farmer at whose house the meeting is held. At the conclusion of each inspec tion, the host for the evening is required to read an original agri cultural essay dealing with some aspect of farming. Political and religious questions are banned* Since its first meeting in 1844, the club has missed only one regular meeting and that was caused by the funeral of a child of one of the members. The club now meets at 17 farms instead of the original 12. These farms comprise over 4,000 acres, in cluding three dairy farms with nearly 100 cows. Members of the club are: T. A. Barnsley, J. M. Barnsley, James W. Barnlley, J. F. Barnsley, Leonard C. Bums, Frank Bready, James T. Cashell, Hobart G. Hut ton, Josiah J. Hutton, Durns C. Hot tel, Thomas A. Ladson, Herman H. Ladson, T. Hilton Ladson, John E. Muncaster, secretary and the only officer of the club; John E. Mun caster, jr„ Oscar C. Martin, Frank P. Palmer, T. Calvin Owens, Mal colm H. White and Richard H. Lans dale. a member of the Montgomery County Board of Commissioners. Calvin Bready is an honorary mem ber. Oxon Hill P-TA to Meet The Oxon Hill (Md.) Parent Teachers' Association will meet at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the school audi torium. Dr. John M. Byers, Prince George County health officer, will show a film and give a talk on tuber culosis. Seal Drive Over Quota WARRENTON, Va., Feb. 7 (Spe cial).—The Fauquier County tuber culosis seal sale, which closed re cently, exceeded its (2,700 quota by (300 it has been reported by Mrs. Amory S. Carhart, county chairman. Fairfax Board Favors Budget Cutting Taxes Public Hearing in April Set on Tentative Outlays The Fairfax County Board of Supervisors has approved the ten tative county budget for the 1944 45 fiscal year, beginning July 1, and authorized publication of the budget for a public hearing in April. County residents may appear at that time to voice approval or disaproval of the various budget items. . The budget was prepared by County Purchasing Agent R. M. Loughborough and will be published in the original draft, with few minor changes. If adopted, it will result in a decrease in the county tax rate of 10 to 12 cents on each $100 of assessed property valuation. The tax decrease is expected to be made despite estimated increased expenditures for the next fiscal year, board members saying the decrease will be made possible through a surplus in the general county fund. The anticipated balance in the county treasury at the close of the current fiscal year on June 30 will be approximately $75,000. The present county levy tax rate, exclusive of special and school levies, is 42 cents per $100 valuation and this will probably be reduced to 32 cents, with an additional reduction in the reassessment fund levy of 3 to 1 cent. The road bond debt levy in Mount Vernon district will be probably reduced from 7 to 5 cents. Maryland U. Schedules Free Engineering Classes Registration for instruction in a new series of tuition-free war train ing courses sponsored by the United States Office of Education will be held at 7 p.m. February 16 in Room 116 of the Engineering Building at the University of Maryland. Tlie courses include engineering contracts and specifications, draw ing, experimental aerodynamics, per sonnel management and industrial relation and principles of radio. High school graduation is required for enrollment in each of the courses, which wili be taught between 12 and 16 weeks with evening sessions two or three nights a week. Those who complete any of the courses will be awarded certificates of proficiency. Employment is prac tically assured on completion of a course, according to Dean S. S. Steinberg of the College of Engi neering at the university. Further information may be obtained by calling Dean Steinberg. Virginia Unit's Report On 'Starvation Pay' Expected This Week Subcommittee May End Study Before Senate Receives Budget Bill By the Associated Press. RICHMOND, Feb. 7.—Chairman Aubrey Weaver of the Senate Finance Committee said yesterday the committee hoped to have the report of its subcommittee investi gating "starvation” wages paid by the Stite before the House of Dele gates sends over the $235,000,000 budget bill, probably by the end of this week. “If we are going to raise salaries, the place to do it is the budget bill,” Senator Weaver said. “The bonus bill which the Senate has passed never was intended to raise salaries. Itwas merely to aid employes in meeting the present higher cost of living.” The subcommittee, headed by Senator Robert C. Vaden, Pittsyl vania, will meet today in the hope of finishing up its hearings. * In addition to hearing department heads and receiving much docu mentary information on salaries in the lower brackets, it has received suggestions that the State personnel act be administered by a board of three and that department and agency heads be empowered to raise salaries within grade on the basis of merit. Budget Up Wednesday. The House takes up the budget bill as a special order Wednesday without having participated in the discussion of what Senator Ralph Daughton, Norfolk, calls “starva tion” wages paid State employes in lower brackets. The Delegates are expected to pass the big money bill during the week and wait for this question to be threshed out when Senate amendments are considered. Meanwhile, Delegate James E. Gardner, Richmond, has asked State Department heads to meet him at 10 a.m. tomorrow to consider a bill he has drafted to put the adminis tration of the State Personnel Act under a director "qualified by ex perience in personnel work.” The act is now administered by J. H. Bradford, director of the budget and of personnel, although the Governor is the State's chief personnel officer. Hearing on “Healing Arts.” Also scheduled this afternoon is a hearing before the House Commit tee on General Laws on the “heal ing arts” bills, five of which have been prepared. The much-debated sales tax issue probably will be aired soon as Sen ator Y. Melvin Hodges, South Hill, its author, is slated to appear before the Senate Finance Committee at 10 a.m. tomorrow to ask that a date for a hearing of his bill be set. The proposed extra-levy measure has been gathering dust in the commit tee’s files since it was introduced during the first week of the session. Hospital at Cheverly May Open February 15 Sasscer and Red Cross Officials Inspect Building Plans were being pushed today to open the Prince Georges General Hospital at Cheverly for medical and surgical patients by February 15. An open house was held at the institution yesterday. Among visitors who inspected the hospital during the afternoon were Representative Sasscer. Democrat, of Maryland; County Commissioner William Carson, members of the Red Cross Motor Corps, the Red Cross Home Service Division, the Red Cross nurses’ aid group and the Prince Georges General Hos pital Guild. The 100-bed hospital, of one-story brick construction, was built at an approximate cost of $650,000 by the Federal Works Agency with Lanham iAct funds. The hospital will be 'operated and maintained by the county under a lease now being negotiated with FWA. During the open house a com mittee headed by Mrs. Ruth P. Keane, chairman of the county vol unteer civilian defense office, re cruited nurses’ aides. Mrs. Keene said a “promising number” of vol unteers signed up. The hospital and its two-story quarters, providing accomodations for 50 nurses, is located on a wooded lot at Fifty-eighth place, off Land over road, Cheverly. — Daily Rationing USRemindersfia Canned and Frozen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4, green stamps G, H, and J valid through February 20. Stamps K, L and M valid through March 20. Meats, Fats. Etc. — Book No. 3, stamps V, W and X valid through February 26. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay two ration points for every pound of waste kitchen fats you turn In. Sugar—Book No. 4. Stamp 30 valid for 5 pounds through March 31. Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 pounds for home canning through February 28, 1945. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 in Book No. 1 and stamp 1 on the “airplane” sheet of Book No. 3 valid for an indefinite period. Gasoline—No. 8 A coupons good for 3 gallons each through tomorrow. No. 9-A coupons good for 3 gal lons starting Wednesday through May 8. B, B-l, C and C-l coupons good for 2 gallons each. These coupons will expire on date indi cated on individual books. B-2 and C-2 coupons in books issued since December 1 are good for 5 gallons each. Tire Inspection Deadlines—For A coupon holders, March 31. For B coupon holders, February 29. Fuel Oil—Period No. 2 coupons good through today. Period No. 3 coupons good through March 14. Period No. 4 coupons valid tomor row through September 30. Nos. 2, 3 and 4 coupons good for 10 gallons per unit. According to tha District OPA, consumers in this area should not have used more than 61 per cent of their total ’ yearly fuel oil ration as of Feb ruary 7.