Newspaper Page Text
TEN ESCAPE PROM TOJO
Japs Form Prisoner 'Shooting Squads/ To Be Killed If Any of Group Escape By COMDR. MELVYN H. MeCOY, IT. S. N„ and LT. COL. S. N. MELLNIK, U. S. A, As Told to LT. WELBOURN KELLEY, U. S. N. R. Chapter IV—The Death March From Bataan. Comdr. McCoy: There was a feeling, particularly among the enlisted men, that Uncle Sam had merely been caught off balance by a puny but cunning foe in the first round, and that the knockout punch even now was on the way. In Old Bilibid Prison, in Manila, this feeling was expressed in such statements as “We won’t be here long—a couple weeks, maybe, or a month.” But those of us who had served as staff officers knew something of the problems involved and were not so optimistic. We knew that the United States had suffered her worst defeat in history and we knew that the job ahead would be long and hard. From our few furtive contacts with civilian Filipinos outside our prison walls, we learned the Japs were losing no time in bringing the New Order in East Asia to the Philippines. We had the additional advantage of two listening points, one of us (Comdr. McCoy) being in prison with staff officers at Pasay, and the other (Col. Mellnik) in oid Bilibid. All Filipinos, we learned, were forced to bow to the Japanese. All streets with American names were being given Japanese names. All commercial enterprises were being given Japanese direction. Cultured Filipinos were being told subtly that their place in the greater East Asia co-prosperity sphere was in the rice paddies and abaca fields. In ad dition. the English language (spoken by almost every Filipino over 351 w7as to be forbidden, and was to be re placed by Nippon-Go, a sort of sim plified “basic Japanese.” Col. Mellnik: Comdr. McCoy still was at Pasay when I learned on May 27, 1942, that I was to be transferred to the pri soner-of-war camp at Cabanatuan, about 75 miles north of Manila in Luzon. As was their custom when Amer ican military prisoners were to be moved, the Japanese waited until' the heat had reached its peak before loading some 1,900 of us into iron boxcars. There were 100 men to each car. with no room to sit or lie' down. The cars were tightly closed so that there was no ventilation. The inside of the car was like an oven, with no water or sanitary j facilities. Several men fainted, but there were no deaths. When we got off the train at Ca banatuan we were put into an open field surrounded by barbed wire and patrolled by sentries. We were told that we’ would remain overnight. Filipino civilians watched us from a respectful distance, some of them beaming bananas, papayas and mangoes, but the Jap sentries kept ' them warned back with their bayo nets. Guard Buys Fruit. Lt. Col. Carl Eaglehart and I were trying to keep cool under a pup tent which we had put up. The sight of the fruit was tantalizing beyond description. Carl had been a language student in Japan and, finding a few pesos between us. he spoke in Japanese to a nearby guard, asking him to buy us some fruit. The Jap seemed delighted at hearing an American speak his lan-1 guage. Much to our surprise he got us the fruit, and then hastened away. We were wolfing down the fruit when the guard returned,! smiling and bowing. He spoke to Carl in Japanese. •'Something's up,” Carl said to me. “The Jap C. O. wants to see us.” i The guard escorted us to the com manding officer. He greeted us in perfect English, but we could see that he was in a murderous mood. After the greeting he fixed us with what seemed an interminable scoul. Then he spat at us suddenly: “What did you Americans mean bv bomb ing and machine-gunning Japanese cities?” I am sure that Carl was as dumb founded as I. But I also felt a wild hope that an American invasion of Japan was under way. We hastily assured the Japanese commander that we knew nothing about any attack on Japan. Refers to Doolittle Raid. He launched into a long tirade against the United States and par ticularly against President Roose velt, during which we learned he was referring to the American air raid on Japanese cities (later we learned that this was the Doolittle raid). At every pause in his tirade, we would get in a few words pro testing our innocence. He finally indicated he had finished. As we turned to go he said, "There are 1,500 of you in that stockade. If I thought a one of you sympathized with the bombing of Japanese cities, I would turn machine guns on you." Next day, when the sun had reached its zenith, we began our march of 12 miles to our prison camp. Not one of us was fit for marching. During more than three weeks of captivity the Japanese had not provided us with a single decent meal. As we passed small Philippine villages on the march the inhabi tants seemed anxious to help us. Small children darted to our side and gave us balls of boiled rice. Those that were caught by the guards, however, were cuffed un mercifully. After a brief stay at a temporary camp, we reached the Cabanatuan Prison on May 29. No preparation had been made for our coming. But the lack of food did not bother most of us. We were glad to drag our weary bodies into the barracks and throw ourselves down on the bare floors. The next morning the camp was electrified by a report which quick ly swept through our ranks. Dur ing the night three young Naval Reserve ensigns had walked off into the darkness of the jungle and had successfully escaped. The Japanese lost no time in discovering they were missing. "Shooting Squads’ I-ormed. Barbed wire was hastily thrown about the camp and sentry towers were built at short intervals. Then the Japs formed us off into groups of 10. If any one member of any group escaped, we were told, the other nine would be shot. These squads quickly became known among ourselves as "shooting squads.” On June 2 the first detachments of prisoners from Bataan began to arrive. We were appalled at their condition and even more appalled when we learned what had hap pened to them on what they all called "the death march from Bataan." In the first- truck to arrive was a young enlisted man who once had served as my orderly. He staggered to my side and, holding himself up by feebly grasping at my shoulders,! he sobbed out, "Sir, is it different here—will they treat us like hu mans?” I tried to comfort the boy by telling him that everything would be all right, and he staggered away, stil^ sobbing. The Bataan prisoners who were1 joining us now had been prisoners a month longer than we had. They were the most woe-begone objects I have ever seen—wild-eyed, gaunt, their clothes in tatters. Many had no equipment of any kind, and some clutched at rusty tin cans which they used as mess kits. These men had their own doctors with them— the medical detachments from Ba taan—but the doctors had no medi cines and they were as sick as the men. Tomorrow: Japs slay Filipino prisoners. (Copyright, 3044. by the Bell Syndicate Inc ) Montgomery County Cuts Defense Costs Drops Paid Workers On Air-Raid Phones A sharp reduction in the expenses of the Montgomery County civilian defense organization was approved yesterday by the county commis sioners in an order eliminating all paid personnel now manning the switchboards and telephone facili ties at the Silver Spring, Bethesda, Rockville and Gaithersburg report centers. The order, issued in response to a. request by Judge Albert E. Brault, county civilian defense director, in structed the Police Department to assume responsibility for alerting key personnel at each of the centers. In a letter to the board Judge Brault said that a survey is being made of civilian defense telephone communications to determine which telephones can be removed and still retain adequate communication fa cilities in case of emergency. The board also, appropriated $1,200 for appointment of an as sistant to Miss Edvthe M. Turner, county home demonstration agent. The appropriation will supplement Federal funds to pay the salary of the new official effective July 1. Police Chief H. Leslie Carlin was instructed to investigate the shoot ing of a dog owned by the family of former State Senator Robert Peter. The duties of the Office of Char ity and Medical Relief were ordered transferred to the County Welfare Board, effective March 1. Payment of $6,722 to the Welfare Board to meet expenses during Feb ruary was approved by the board. The expenses were listed as old-age assistance, $1,384; aid to dependent children, $1,295; aid to needy blind, $109; general public assistance, $1,300; boarding home care for chil dren, $1,817, and administration, $817. Kerensky to Address Forum Here Sunday Alexander Kerensky, Premier of Russia between the Czarist and Bolshevik regimes in 1917, will lec ture on “Russia and the Inter national Situation” at 3 p.m. Sun day, at the Willard Hotel, under the sponsorship of the Charles Car roll Forum. After his escape from Russia in 1918, Mr. Kerensky lived in Eng land, Czechoslovakia. Germany and France, barely escaping capture by the Nazis when they invaded the latter country. As head of the exiled Republican-Democratic bloc of Rus Montgomery Board Names New Teachers Mrs. English Resigns As Woodside Trustee Appointment of eight elementary .school and two high school teachers was approved by the Montgomery County Board of Education at its meeting yesterday in Rockville. I The elementary teachers are: ; Mrs. L. E. Pearson, Glenmont iSchool; Mrs. Ruth Kremb, Takoma Park; Dorothy Weller and Clarke \Freeman, Bradley; Mrs. Helen Mc 'Kay, Rockville; Virginia M. Farrow, Four Corners; Helen G. Miller, .Sandy Spring, and Mrs. Alice M. Burtis, Somerset. The others are Mrs. Thelma Fin nefrock, Takoma Park Junior High, and Elia Mae Scott, Silver Spring Intermediate. The board also accepted the resig nation of Mrs. Beryl R. English as trustee of the Woodside Elementary School. A delegation seeking improve ments for the Rockville colored high and elementary schools was assured the requests would be taken up in planning for summer work and later construction programs. A re quest from the Parent-Teacher As sociation of the Glen Echo-Cabin John School that the lighting in the school building be improved was submitted. The board received a Federal offer of continued assist ance in child care activities. The offer was accepted. Dr. Edwin W. Broome, county superintendent of schools, reported that a county-wide age-grade study conducted by the teachers in No vember showed that 23.5 per cent of the pupils were underage for the grades they were in; 70.5 per cent were normal age and 6 per cent overage. Dr. Broome said that the percentage of overage pupils has been greatly reduced in recent years. Postwar Work Is Vital, Red Cross Unit Told An appeal to Red Cross volunteers to stick to their jobs and hold them selves ready for potswar rehabilita tion work was made yesterday by Mrs. Richard Bissell, national direc tor of volunteer special services of the American Red Cross. Mrs. Bissell, addressing about 300 women at a Staff Assistance Corps meeting in the Interior Department auditorium, under auspices of the District Red Cross Chapter, warned that peace rumors cause apathy on the home front. The greatest work of a humanitarian organization such ■as the Red Cross still lies aheajd, ihe declared. - i WASHINGTON NEWS WASHINGTON, D. C. SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1944 B Capper Expects Early Action to Clear D.C. Slums Kansan Believes Congress Is Ready To Approve Plan Senator Capper, Republican, of Kansas, declared today “there are good prospects" of early action by Congress charting new financing and a new program for slum clear ance and provision of decent dwell ing for those now inhabiting sub standard housing. Commenting on the McCarran bill to authorize the District to bor row $20,000,000 from the United States for the purposes, Senator Capper said "We have got to clean out these slums. It ought to have been done a long time ago. "I can’t see where we have been making any real headway and I have reached the conclusion the main trouble is these properties are profitable to their owners who get good return and want to hang on to them. “We will have to work out a sys tem to provide decent homes for these people living in alley dwell ings and other substandard housing.” Referring to the tours of inspec tion and public hearings conducted by a Senate subcommittee headed by Senator Burton, Republican, of Ohio, and of which he is a member, Senator Capper said he felt these studies had brought good results by centering the attention of Congress and the public on the problems. Chairman Bilbo of the Senate District Committee yesterday prom ised to throw his support to the McCarran measure, and later Chair man Randolph of the House District Committee issued the statement: "Certainly, there should be an orderly improvement in housing conditions in the National Capital. Slums should be eliminated inso far as possible by concerted Con gressional action and civic co operation. Tire House District Com mittee will give proper study and attention to any well formulated plan toward the desired goal of a more beautiful Washington, where the well-being of the residents is paramount,” Senator Bilbf* w'ill refer the bill to the Burton Subcommittee to avoid any possible delay in having it subjected, to hearings. Senator Burton said today. As soon as the measure is presented to his sub committee. Senator Burton added, he will announce that the current exhaustive hearings on the work of | the NCHA will be broadened to in-! elude study of the McCarran bill. \ President Roosevelt yesterday for warded to Congress a requesWor a supplemental appropriation of $14, 000 for the National Capital Housing Authority for the maintenance and operation of 112 dwelling units erected about six years ago at a cost of more than $550,000. The Government's investment, the President was advised by the Budget Bureau, "definitely is being jeopardized” by inability to do maintenance and repair work, due to insufficient funds. In the past! fiscal year. Congress eliminated permission for the NCHA to use its receipts and unobligated balance to carry on its work and NCHA revenues now are turned into the . Treasury. This is one of the issues being considered in the Senate hearings. Sedition Jurisdiction Is Upheld by Eicher Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher of District Court today ruled the court has jurisdiction in the indict- j ment here of 30 persons charged j with conspiracy to aid in establish- ■ ing a Nazi form of government in the United States. The ruling was made in denying a plea as to jurisdiction made by Joseph E. McWilliams, New York and Chicago, organizer of the Chris tian Mobilizers. Yesterday George Sylvester Vie reck, already under sentence for vio lation of the Foreign Agents Regis tration Act, was arraigned on the conspiracy charge and pleaded not guilty. At the same time he de clared the charge against him in the sedition indictment was “fantastic.” Arguments on demurrers in be half of William Robert Lyman, jr., and Prescott F. Dennett were begun yesterday by their attorney. Trial on the sedition charges prob ably will begin sometime next month and may last two months. O. John Rogge, special assistant to the At torney General, is prosecutor. Lt. J. F. Kehoe, Jr., Killed; Graduate of Georgetown Second Lt. James F. Kehoe, 23. U. S. M. C., of 3823 Fessenden street N.W., has been killed in action, his parents were informed yesterday. His mother reported last word from her son was received from the Cen tral Pacific area. Lt. Kehoe, for several years a sandlot baseball player here, re ceived his B. S. degree in social eco nomics at Georgetown University in 1942. At the university he won his letter in basket ball and also played intramural football. Shortly after graduation he was called to active service from the Marine Corps Re serves. During his undergraduate days he was employed for a time by the Fed eral Bureau of Investigation. Besides his parents, he is survived by three sisters, Miss Mary E. Kehoe of the WAVES, Miss Ann C. Kehoe and Miss Edith W. Kehoe, all of this city. A requern mass will be held at 9 a.m. Friday at St. Anne's Catholic Church. Wallet Containing $566 Lost in Barber Shop Clarence N. Packs, 705 Eighteenth street N.W., reported to police that a wallet containing $566 disap peared from the washroom of a barber shop in the 900 block of Fif teenth street N.W. when he left it there after changing his clothes yesterday. Mr. Packs said he left the wallet on the window sill and returned for it a few minutes after he dis covered the loss, but it had van ished. Real Estate Tax Revenue Rise Set at $113,000 Assessment Increase Estimated at $6,400,000 An increase of $113,000 a year in District tax revenue was foreseen by officials today as a result of esti mates that the taxable value of real estate in Washington has increased by $6,400,000 since July. Largely responsible for the raised estimate was a survey of 1,500 build ings in Georgetown, whose total assessed value was increased $2,360,350. “This survey was made necessary by reason of the low assessments previously carried in relation to the actual value of the properties,” said Edward A. Dent, District tax asses sor. "No general increase in the S valuation of the land in the George town section was made.” Mr. Dent said the revaluation work required measurements of the buildings to determine the cubic content. Complaints in regard to tfie assessments for the fiscal year 1945. he said, can be made with the Board of Equalization and Review before the first Monday in April. Mr. Dent urged property owners who wish information on their as- i sessments to call at the Assessors'! Office at the District Building or to write a letter rather than call by1 telephone. Complaints may be filed in WTiting on forms prescribed by j the assessor, he added. Mr. Dent said increases in assess ments have not been general throughout the city, but have been limited principally to those sec tions where land values have in creased “by reason of extensive de velopment.” Tile taxable property of the Dis trict rose from $1,354,348,000 on last July to $1,358,469,616 on January 1, Mr. Dent said. The January figure, however, does not include the in creases in Georgetown, and. he said, the final figure would not be known until around July 1 because of' changes that may be made by the Review Board. Man With $100 Bills Fined as Penny Thief Harry Dawson Pays $200 For Newsstand Thefts Harry Dawson. 65-year-old retired real estate man, 1467 Park road N.W., who strolls around with hun-, dreds of dollars in his pocket, pleaded guilty to two counts of petty lar-j ceny in Municipal Court today and was fined $200. It was his third con viction on similar charges. Judge Thomas D. Quinn, In sen tencing Dawson, called his penny snatching “the cheapest sort of thievery" and warned him that a repetition of the offense would bring a jail sentence. Dawson was arrested yesterday; for taking 9 cents and a newspaper 1 from a stand at Thirteenth and F streets NAV., and police found $1,095 in his pockets when he was booked on the charge. It was his second I offense in two days. Monday he had been released in $100 bail for the theft of 8 cents from another newsstand, while $1,600 in cash reposed in his wallet,1 and was awaiting trial on a petty ! larceny charge when he committed yesterday's offense. Dawson three weeks ago was con victed of the theft of 15 cents from a newsstand and fined $50. At the time of his arrest on that occasion he was carrying a $1,700 roll. R. F. Garrity Re-elected Boys' Club President Raymond F. Garrity has been elected president of the Metropol itan Police Bovs’ Club at the annual meeting of the organization, it was i announced today. Other officers in ! elude: John A. Remon, first vice presi dent; Mack L. Langford, second vice i president; Robert M. Fleming, treasurer; I. J. Roberts, assistant treasurer; L. Gordon Leech, secre tary; James A. Councilor, controller, and E. H. Nick, assistant controller. Robert L. Haycock and John Gibbs Bell were elected new members of the board of directors. Those re elected were Joseph L. Arnold, H. Clifford Bangs, Thomas N. Beavers, Edmund O. Carl, Harvey Cheston, Brig. Gen. Albert L. Cox, Capt. F. W. Hoover, Inspector Ira E. Keck, I Col. Harvey L. Miller, Kirk Miller, Dr. James A. Nolan. James E. Pixlee, Lt. Col. John Saul, G. Howland Shaw and L. P. Steuart. Seven More Fined Here In Blackout Violations Seven more persons who pleaded guilty to violations of blackout regu lations in Sunday night's air raid test were fined $10 each today in Municipal Court. They brought to 14 the number of violators fined. Fined today were Lila Paavola, 1400 block N street N.W.; Marguer ite Yancey, 1400 block N street N.W.; Carl Berger, 1300 block Fourteenth street N.W.; Harriet Wilkinson, 1400 block N street N.W.; Harry Wassin, Market space S.W; Sidney Kent. 1100 block Eleventh street N.W., and William Bolodin, 1300 block Four teenth street N.W. VELLA LA VELLA HERO HONORED BY PRESIDENT—Lt. Kenneth A. Walsh, 29, of this city pictured as he received the Congressional Medal of Honor from President Roosevelt at the White House today. Witnessing the ceremony are (left to right) Admiral Ernest J. King, com mander,in chief of the fleet; Lt. Gen. Alexander. A. Vandegrift, marine commandant; Assist I ant Secretary of the Navy Ralph Bard and Mrs. Walsh, the hero's wife. (From yesterday’s late edition.) —A. P. photo. Guffey Renews Attack On Ruhland; Assails Letter Disclosures Senator Declares Health Officer Used Notes to Cover Up Shortcomings Senator Guffey, Democrat, of Pennsylvania last night renewed his attack on Health Officer George C, Ruhland for refusing certain hospital privileges to the Sena tor's personal physician and de nounced him for the “unauthorized disclosure” of the 1942 Guffey threat letters. In July and December of 1942, in letters to Commissioners Young and Mason, Senator Guffey pro tested the refusal of the health officer to list Dr. Eugene De Savitsch fpr chest surgery work at a District Government hospital and had threatened a Senate investigation as a way to “get action" out of the Health Department. Denies,Releasing Copies. Dr. Ruhland has stated he had photostatic copies made of the Guf fey letters but this he did not give them out for publication. Copies were given reporters on Capitol Hill by one of Washington's civic workers. Senator Guffey declared his let ters about Dr. De Savitsch had no connection with the later investi gation of Gallinger Hospital by a subcommittee of the Senate Dis trict Committee, which produced, last September, a report calling for the ouster of Health Officer Ruh land and others. “They did, however, seem to him to provide a red herring to distract attention from his own shortcom ings, which the Senate committee had brought to light,” said Senator Guffey. "In fact. Dr. Ruhland was attempting to save himself from his just deserts by carrying out an im proper action, namely, w'hat Com missioner Mason has termed ‘un authorized disclosure’ of official rec ords. Calts Attack Reprehensible. "There are some who have stepped into this controversy without in any way investigating the professional record and ability of Dr. De Sav itsch. In doing so they have at tacked the reputation of a profes sional man about whom they know nothing. I call that reprehensible.” At the outset of his statement Senator Guffey explained he had not, sought to get the physician a ''job''—that he has a large practice and "doesn't need to get on a public (payroll.” The 1942 controversy, he added, stemmed from the fact that, although Dr. De Savitsch had been appointed a consulting surgeon in the field of chest surgery, “he was given nothing to do” at the Glenn Dale Tuberculosis Sanatorium. — Ensign Sanders Decorated By British for Heroism Ensign Milton Sanders, U. S. N. R., 24, of 1631 Montague street N.W. has been decorated with the George Medal by the British gov ernment for heroism displayed under other than combat condi tions, the Navy announced yes terday. The medal was presented by Act ing Air Marshal J. S. C. Slessor, commander in chief of the RAF coastal command. While attached to the Royal Air Force Coastal Command in North ern Ireland in May, 1943, Ensign Sanders made harmless explosives which had been hurled from an aircraft making a crash landing. The young officer, now on duty at the Navy Bureau of Ordnance, was a civilian employe of the Naval Ordnance Laboratory here from June, 1941, until January, 1943, when he enrolled in the Naval Re serve. 16 Tons of Paper Collected As Schools Recover Stride Paper collections in the schools, co-operating in The Evening Star-,! PTA Salvage-for-Victory program, which were slowed somewhat at the start of the week by mechanical difficulties, regained momentum yesterday when another 16 tons were collected, bringing the total to 2,365,506 pounds. Jefferson Junior High School add ed 7,266 pounds to its total which is nearing the 100,000-pound mark. Other high schools totals reported yesterday included 4,050 pounds from Syphax, 2,075 pounds from Woodridge, 3,165 pounds from Bunker Hill, 4,415 pounds from Bell, 3,155 pounds from Grtanke and 2,700 pounds from Thomson. Collections in the fourth district tomorrow together with the five leaders in the district and their poundage to date are as follows: Lafayptte ..-48,587 pounds Montgomery ..40.230 pounds Francis . 35,208 pounds Hardy —_ 27.726 pounds Stevens -.26,928 pounds Key Hearst Reno Oyster Grant Corcoran Eaton Addison Phillips-Wormley St. Augustine’s St. Paul’s Hyde Murch Mann t\ Fillmore 37 Scarlet Fever Cases Reported Here Overnight The total number of scarlet fever cases in the District this year stood at 598 today, after reports of 37 new cases were recorded overnight, Dr. James G. Cumming, head of th^ Bureau of Preventable Diseases,, said today. Fifty-two new cases were listed yesterday. Dr. Cumming said the: disease was almost entirely among j children and still appeared to be principally in the city’s Northeast and Southeast sections. _ Fine Imposed In Rent Act Violation Hailed by Cogswell Judge Margold Warns Others in Sentencing Maryland Man Rent Administrator Robert F. Cogswell today hailed the fining of a real estate operator $1,000 for violating the Emergency Rent Act as a sign that the act cannot be “trifled with.” Mr. Cogswell made his statement after Judge Nathan D. Margold of Municipal Court yesterdav fined Charles M. Nash of the 5500 block of Wriley road. West Haven. Md.. the maximum for charging $33 for an apartment at 2443 Snows court N.W., when the ceiling price was $12. He was found guilty by a jury December 17. Judge Margold said that “because this defendant, aside from this con viction, has led an estimable life and because he is the first to be convicted of an offense of this kind. I will impose the maximum fine without imprisonment. Let others take warning, however. The next offender will go to jail.” Mr. Cogswell said that “where purely technical violations of the rent act have been brought to the attention of this office, it has been the policy to give the person in volved the benefit of the doubt, and attempt to settle the matter am icably. “But if any landlords have been so reckless as to assume that this office will not enforce to the limit the criminal provisions of this act. when investigation develops that it has been violated with impunity, this case should put them on notice that they are likely to find them selves in the same situation as the defendant in this case.” Mr. Cogswell said that if a land lord has any doubt about whether he is violating the law “it behooves him promptly to put ail the facts ;in writing and submit the matter to this office for decision.” Congress Completes Action On Charwomen's Pay Bill Congress yesterday completed ac tion on a measure to forgive claims of the United States against part time charwomen at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing for a pay boost they were given by error last year. The bill also authorizes an appropriation of up to $700 for re funds to the women for sums de ducted or withheld from their wages to reclaim the mistakenly paid ex tra wages. The Senate completed action 01! the bill when, on motion by Sena tor Ellender, Democrat, of Louisiana, it concurred in amendments adopt ed earlier by the House. Meanwhile, another bureau dif ficulty was brought to the atten tion of the Senate when Senator Mead, Democrat, of New York of fered a bill to pay all bureau em ployes working in the clerical and mechanical services 15 per cent above basic wages when assigned to night duty. A similar measure has been in troduced in the House by Chairman Randolph of the District Commit tee to correct what the Civil Serv ice Commission has termed “the worst known case of direct discrimi nation’’ in a Government agency. In the Mead bill nightwork is defined as a shift in which half or more of the work time is between 6 p.m. and 6 aun. Katherine Anne Porter Appointed to Library Katherine Anne Porter, author of “Flowering Judas’’ and other short stories, has become a member of the staff of the Library of Congress as fellow in regional American liter ature, Librarian Archibald Mac Leish announced today. Miss Porter, who held a Guggen heim fellowship in 1931 for study abroad, will survey the Library’s col lections on the ol<J* Southwestern frontier. Residents Are Advised To Appreciate Work Of D. C. Committees; Tydings PraisesMcCarran; Chavez Hits Delegation For Stand on Bilbo Pointed suggestions that District' residents give due appreciation to the chairmen and members of the Senate and House District Commit tees for their attention to National Capital affairs were spread on the record of the Senate late yesterday as praise was given to Senators Me-. Carran and Bilbo, past and present District Committee heads. The question was brought up by Senator Tydings, Democrat, of Maryland in lauding the services of Senator McCarran as head of the committee and inserting in the Congressional Record a letter writ ten by Chairman Randolph of the House District Committee praising Senator McCarran's “constructive leadership.” Senator Bilbo. Democrat, of Mis sissippi. who last Saturday succeeded Senator McCarran as District Com mittee chairman, stands ready to render "as line service” as any ever given by a member of the Senate, the body was told by Senator Cha vez, Democrat, of New Mexico. Raps Civic Delegation. Criticizing the small delegation of civic workers which last week made calls on Capitol Hill to see what could be done to permit Senator McCarran to continue as District Committee head while taking over the chairmanship of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Senator Cha vez said: "When the question arose as to who should be the new chairman of the Senate District Committee. I was irritated to hear that citizens, who do not know anything concern ing the capabilities, the honesty of purpose or the integrity of the Senator who now is chairman of the District Committee, sent in pe titions of protest against his ap pointment. "Why are not such people fair to the members of this body and to members of the other body (the House' who forget all about their own home service and do their duty as members of the commit tees dealing with District affairs? "I hope the citizenship of the Dis trict will give the Senator from Mississippi, the new chairman, an opportunity to show that he can render as fine service as has ever been rendered by any member of this body.” Tribute to McCarran. In his tribute to Senator McCar ran, in which he inserted in the Con gressional Record two editorials from The Star, Senator Tydings said of the Nevadan's service as District Committee chairman: "It is not a job for which usually the chairman receives much credit. But Senator McCarran has been ob livious of whether he has received credit or not. "His courtesy, his constructive statesmanship, his patience and de sire to promote the welfare of the National Capital—which after all belongs to all the States—I think entitles him to some word of com mendation.” He added he rarely had noted "such detachment, such application to duty and so many constructive results” flow from a congressional committee. 11 Re-elected Directors Of Visiting Nurse Society Eleven members of the Board of Directors of the Instructive Visiting Nurse Society were re-elected for a term of three years yesterday at a board meeting in the Albee Building. They were Mrs. Henry Grattan Doyle. Mrs. James L. Houghteling. Miss Anne Carter Greene. Mrs. Emory S. Land, Mark Lansburgh, Harold N. Marsh, Mrs. Cresson New bold. Mrs. John M. Sternhagen, Mrs Harlan p. Stone. Mrs. Ellen S. Woodward and Mrs. John Marvin Wright. Miss Gertrude H. Bowling, execu tive director of the society, reported the staff had given care to 2,917 patients in January, 1,274 of them new patients, and had made 9,654 visits to these patients in their homes. $338 Cafe Theft Reported Theft of $338 by thieves who saw ed through an iron window grill to gain entrance last night, was re ported to police today by Gladys M. Lee, colored, proprietor of a restau rant at 1543 Seventh street N.W. The money, $240 of which was in quarters, was concealed in two beer coolers, police said. Clerics Oppose Curfew Here, Blame Parents Urge Citizen Councils And Adplt Education To Curb Delinquency Formation of neighborhood coun cils and the education of parents in child care were urged by religious leaders today befpre the special House subcommittee investigating juvenile delinquency in the Capital. Three churchmen were unanimous in opposing a curfew law in the Dis trict. They also rejected any sug gestion of a curb on the admission of children to entertainment places at night. Rather, they sought to place the responsibility in the home. The three witnesses—representing the Jewish, Catholic and Protestant faiths—were Rabbi Norman Gersten feld of the Washington Hebrew Cqn gregation, the Rev. Thomas E. Mitchell of Catholic University and Dr. Fred E. Reissig of the Wash ington Federation of Churches. Urges Recreation for Children. Criticising the “unmoral condi tions” in some Washington homes, Dr. Reissig declared that under cer tain conditions he would rather see children on the streets than in their homes. He said proper recreation should be provided for them outside their homes. Rabbi Gerstenfeld asserted that the parent is the key to the solution of juvenile delinquency, and warned against any tendency to make social institutions the “scapegoat.” Declaring the average parent “is extremely complacent and rather confused.” he suggested that a guid ance manual on child problems would help parents to meet their re sponsibilities. He proposed that such a manual be prepared by school authorities with the assistance of a committee of clergymen, and that it be given to every parent register ing a child in school. Citizen Councils Proposed. Father Mitchell, declaring that neither the church nor social agen cies could solve the problem of juvenile delinquency alone, proposed organization of neighborhood coun cils w’hich could work together. Need for more funds to permit expansion of the District’s recrea tional program was outlined by Milo F. Christiansen. District recreation director. He said the War Produc tion Board had been holding up a large portion of the $500,000 play improvement program because of the manpower shortage. He told the committee an appeal now’ was pending for approval of $291,000 for improvements to 10 recreation areas and said the work w’ould not involve critical materials. District Marine Officer Killed in Action in Pacific First Lt. William R. West, 293.9 | Macomb street N.W., an officer of the 4th Marine Division, has been killed in action in the Pacific, the Navy Department has announced. His unit played an important part in the invasion of the Marshall Islands. Word of Lt. West's death was re ceived by his father-in-law. Eugene P. Lacy, a War Department attor ney. Monday night shortly after Mrs. West had left Washington to visit her husband's family in In dianola. Miss. She has been notified. Lt. West, 24. is a native of In dianola and a graduate of the Uni versity of Alabama. He did post graduate work at the University of Mississippi before joining the ma rines in August, 1942. He and Mrs. West were married February 12. 1943. Before her husband left this country Mrs. West spent some time with him in California. Afterward she joined her parents here. John Reeves Receives Naval Commission John R. Reeves, attorney who lives at.4810 Wellington drive, Chevy Chase, Md. has entered the Navy as a lieutenant (j. g.>. and is sched uled to report at Fort Schuyler, N, Y.. February 28. Mr Reeves, who practices her# and in Rockville, has been United States Commisisoner for the district of Maryland for the last three years. He has been a member of the Re publican State Central Committee < for several years. Daily Rationing f§§ Reminders^ Canned and Frozen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4, green stamps G, H, and J valid through February 20. Stamps K, L and M valid through March 20. Meats, Fats, Etc. — Book No. 3, stamps V. W and X valid through February 26. Stamps Y. which be comes valid February 13, and Z. good February 20, both expire on March 20. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay two ration points for every pound of waste kitchen fats you turn in. Sugar—Book No. 4. Stamp 30 valid for 5 pounds through March 31. Book No. 4. stamp 40 good for 5 pounds for home canning through February 28, 1945. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 in Book No. 1 ► and stamp 1 on the “airplane" sheet of Book No. 3 valid for an indefinite period. Gasoline—No. 9-A coupons good for 3 gallons through May 8. B. B-l, C and C-l coupons good for 2 gal longs each. These coupons will expire on date indicated on indi vidual books. B-2 and C-2 cou pons in books issued since De cember 1 are good for 5 gallons each. Tire Inspection Deadlines—For A coupon holders, March 31. For B coupon holders, February 29. Fpel Oil—Period No. 3 coupons good through March 14. Period No. 4 coupons valid through September 30. Nos. 3 and 4 coupons good for 10 gallons per unit. According to the District OPA, consumers in this area should not have used more than 61 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil lotion as of Feb ruary 7.