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TEN ESCAPE FROM TOJO
Japs Form Prisoner 'Shooting Squads/ To Be Killed If Any of Group Escape By COMDR. MELVYN H. McCOY, U. S. N„ and LT. COL. S. N. MELLNIK 4 u. s. A, As Told to LT. WELBOURN KELLEY, U. S. N. R. Chapter IV—The Death March From Bataan. Comdr. McCoy: There was a feeling, particularly among the enlisted men, that Uncle Sam had merely been caught ofl balance by a puny but cunning foe in the first round, and that the knockout punch even now was on the way. In Old Billbid Prison, in Manila, this feeling was expressed in such statements as “We won’t be here long—a couple weeks, maybe, or a month.” But those of us who had served as staff officers knew something of the problems involved and were not so optimistic. We knew that the United States had suffered her worst defeat in history and we knew that the job ahead would be long and hard. From our few furtive contacts with civilian Filipinos outside our prison walls, we learned the Japs were losing no time in bringing the New Order in East Asia to the Philippines. We had the additional advantage of two listening points, one of us (Comdr. McCoy) being in prison with staff officers at Pasay, and the other (Col. Mellnik) in Old Bilibid. All Filipinos, we learned, were forced to bow to the Japanese. All streets with American names were being given Japanese names. All commercial enterprises were being given Japanese direction. Cultured Filipinos were being told subtly that their place in the greater East Asia co-prosperity sphere was in the rice paddies and abaca fields. In ad dition. the English language (spoken by almost every Filipino over 35) was to be forbidden, and was to be re placed by Nippon-Go. a sort of sim plified “basic Japanese.” Col. MeUnik: Comdr. McCoy still was at Pasay when I learned on May 27, 1942, that I was to be transferred to the pri soner-of-war camp at Cabanatuan, about 75 miles north of Manila in Luzon. As was their custom when Amer ican military prisoners were to be moved, the Japanese waited until the heat had reached its peak before loading some 1,500 of us into iron boxcars. There were 100 men to each car. with no room to sit or lie down. The cars were tightly closed so that there was no ventilation. The inside of the car was like an oven, with no water or sanitary facilities. Several men fainted, but there were no deaths. When we got off the train at Ca banatuan we were put into an open field surrounded by barbed wire and patrolled by sentries. We were told that we would remain overnight. Filipino civilians watched us from a respectful distance, some of them beaming bananas, papayas and mangoes, but the Jap sentries kept them warned back with their bayo nets. Guard Buys Fruit. Lt. Col. Carl Eaglehart and I were trying to keep cool under a pup tent which we had put up. The! sight of the fruit was tantalizing beyond description. Carl had been a language student in Japan and, finding a few pesos between us, he spoke in Japanese to a nearby guard, asking him to buy us some fruit. The Jap seemed delighted at hearing an American speak his lan-! guage. Much to our surprise he got I us the fruit, and then hastened away. We were wolfing down the fruit when the guard returned, smiling and bowing. He spoke to Carl in Japanese. “Something's up,” Carl said to me. “The Jap C. O. wants to see us." The guard escorted us to the com manding officer. He greeted us in perfect English, but we could see that he was in a murderous mood. After the greeting he fixed us with what seemed an interminable scoul. Then he spat at us suddenly: “What did you Americans mean by bomb ing and machine-gunning Japanese cities?” | I am sure that Carl was as dumb founded as I. But I also felt a wild hope that an American invasion of Japan was under way. We hastily assured the Japanese commander that we knew nothing about any attack on Japan. Refers to Doolittle Raid. He launched into a long tirade against the United States and par ticularly against President Roose velt, during which we learned he was referring to the American air raid on Japanese cities (later we learned that this was the Doolittle raid). At every pause in his tirade, we would get in a few words pro testing our innocence. He finally indicated he had finished. As we turned to go he said, “There are 1,500 of you in that stockade, if I thought a one of you sympathized with the bombing of Japanese cities, I would turn machine guns on you.” Next day, when the sun had reached its zenith, we began our march of 12 miles to our prison camp. Not one of us was fit for marching. During more than three weeks of captivity the Japanese had not provided us with a single decent meal. As we passed small Philippine villages on the march the inhabi tants seemed anxious to help us. Small children darted to our side and gave us balls of boiled rice. Those that were caught by the guards, however, were cuffed un mercifully. After a brief stay at a temporary camp, we reached the Cabanatuan Prison on May 29. No preparation had been made for our coming. But the lack of food did not bother most of us. We were glad to drag our weary bodies into the barracks and throw ourselves down on the bare floors. The next morning the camp was electrified by a report which quick ly swept through our ranks. Dur ing the night three young Naval Reserve ensigns had walked off into the darkness of the jungle and had successfully escaped. The Japanese lost no time in discovering they were missing. “Shooting Squads" Formed. Barbed wire was hastily thrown about the camp and sentry towers were built at short intervals. Then the Japs formed us off into groups of 10. If any one member of any group escaped, we were told, the other nine "would be shot. These squads quickly became known among ourselves as “shooting squads.” On June 2 the first detachments of prisoners from Bataan began to arrive. We W'ere appalled at their condition and even more appalled when we learned what had hap pened to them on what they all called “the death march from Bataan.” In the first truck to arrive was a young enlisted man who once had served as my orderly. He staggered to my side and, holding himself up by feebly grasping at my shoulders, he sobbed out, “Sir, is it different here—will they treat us like hu mans?" I tried to comfort the boy by telling him that everything would be all right, and he staggered away, still sobbing. The Bataan prisoners who were joining us now had been prisoners a month longer than we had. They were the most woe-begone objects I have ever seen—wild-eyed, gaunt, their clothes in tatters. Many had' no equipment of any kind, and some clutched at rusty tin cans which they used as mess kits. These men had their own doctors with them— the medical detachments from Ba taan—but the doctors had no medi cines and they were as sick as the men. Tomorrow: Japs slay Filipino prisoners. (Copyright, 1944. by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.) Alexandrians to Form Group to Help Youth Citizens Meet Tonight To Adopt Constitution Judge James R. Duncan of the Alexandria Juvenile Court has called a meeting for 8 o'clock tonight in the Maury School auditorium to adopt a constitution and by-laws and to elect officers for a group tentatively called the "Citizens’ As sociation to Co-operate With Youth." The meeting is an outgrowth of previous meetings called by Judge Duncan and a group of interested citizens to discuss means of com bating juvenile delinquency. A committee headed by Dr. Ernest F. Campbell has been working with Judge Duncan on a constitution, and suggested the name for the or ganization. subject to the approval of tonight's meeting, which is open to any one interested. Tne steering committee has sug gested an organization with a presi dent, two vice presidents, a secre tary, treasurer and chaplain, and a man and woman to represent each of the city’s six wards. The officers and executive board will be proposed by a nominating committee headed by A. T. Mollegen, a member of. the faculty of the Episcopal Theological Seminary and acting rector of St. Paul’s Church, and including the Rev. Edward L. Stephens, pastor of St. Mary’s Cath olic Church, and Rabbi Hugo Schiff of Temple Beth-El. Tne aims of the organization as brought out by previous meetings are the co-operation of church, civic and educational groups inter ested in the welfare of young people, and in the promotion of recreational activities to occupy the leisure time of the youth. Red Cross Workers Top $30,000 War Loan Quota Employes of the Eastern area of the Red Cross have exceeded their quota of $30,000 for the Fourth War Loan campaign, reporting a total of <30,125, not including pledges, it was announced yesterday. Ramone S. Eaton, manager of the Eastern area Office, said he expects a substantial increase !n the figure before the drive ends February 15. E. T. Moore, Alexandria chairman of the campaign, said that Federal Reserve figures as of February 4 in dicate a total of $995,735.25, or 42.5 per cent of the $2,365,000 quota subscribed, with $369,168.75 or 42.2 per cent of the $876,000 E bond quota subscribed. i r Montgomery County Cuts Defense Costs Drops Paid Workers On Air-Raid Phones A sharp reduction in the expenses of the Montgomery County civilian defense organization was approved yesterday by the county commis sioners in an order eliminating all paid personnel now manning the switchboards and telephone facili ties at the Silver Spring. Bethesda. Rockville and Gaithersburg report centers. The order, issued in response to a request by Judge Albert E. Brault, county civilian defense director, in structed the Police Department to assume responsibility tor alerting key personnel at each of the centers. In a letter to the board Judge Brault said that a survey is being made of civilian defense telephone communications to determine which telephones can be removed and still retain adequate communication fa cilities in case of emergency. The board also appropriated $1,200 for appointment of an as sistant to Miss Edythe M. Turner, county home demonstration agent. The appropriation will supplement Federal funds to pay the salary of the new official effective July 1. Police Chief H. Leslie Carlin was instructed to investigate the shoot ing of a dog owned by the family of former State Senator Robert Peter. The duties of the Office of Char ity and Medical Relief were ordered transferred to the County Welfare Board, effective March 1. Payment of $6,722 to the Welfare Board to meet expenses during Feb ruary was approved by the board. The expenses were listed as old-age assistance, $1,384; aid to dependent children, $1,295; aid to needy blind, $109; general public assistance, $1,300; boarding home care for chil dren, $1,817, and administration, $817. News Letter Name Contest The District Heights (Md.) Citi zens’ Association is sponsoring a contest to select a name for a weekly news letter to be published by the association. Copies will be sent to servicemen to give them news of the community. Results will be announced March 1. Gardening Forum Slated Marking the close of a series of ' lectures on gardening sponsored by i the Silver Spring branch of the Victory Garden Committee of Mont gomery County, an open forum dis cussion will be held at 8 p.m. tomor row In the dispensary building In Sliver Spring. WASHINGTON, D. C. Ipje JEtimittg j$af SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1944 -B New Prince Georges Budget Will Include Teacher Pay Raises Two $200 Annual Bonuses To Be Permanent Part Of Basic Salaries The Prince Georges County Board of Education today prepared to in clude the proljosed new salary schedule for county teachers in the 1944-5 school budget to be pre sented next week to the county com missioners. The Schedule, which was ap proved unanimously by the board at its meeting yesterday in Upper Marlboro, provides that the two $200 annual bonuses being paid by the caunty and State be made a permanent part of the teachers' basic salaries. It also calls for annual increases of $75 instead of the present $50 in crease every two years. The schedule was drawn up last week by a committee of the County Teachers’ Association in an effort to make teachers' salaries in the county more comparable with those paid in surrounding areas. Resolu tions indorsing such a move have been adopted by the County Fed eration of Women's Clubs and by the Oxon Hill Community Women's Club. At present, teachers are leaving the county school system at the rate of one almost every school day, and school officials are finding it virtually impossible to obtain re placements. Most of the resigna tions have been caused by offers of jobs at higher pay. J. Albert Miller, principal of the Hyattsville High School and chair man of the committee that had charge of drafting the proposed schedule, declared that no county teacher is now receiving a basic salary of more than $1,650 a year. Declaring that, in his opinion, the county could "well afford" the proposed increases. Mr. Miller said teachers are confident that the proposed schedule "would help strengthen the teacher situation in the county.” Montgomery Board Names New Teachers Mrs. English Resigns As Woodside Trustee Appointment of eight elementary school and two high school teachers was approved by the Montgomery County Board of Education at its meeting yesterday in Rockville. The elementary teachers are: Mrs. L. E. Pearson. Glenmont School: Mrs. Ruth Kremb. Takoma Park: Dorothy Weller and Clarke Freeman. Bradley: Mrs. Helen Mc Kay, Rockville: Virginia M. Farrow, Four Corners; Helen G. Miller, Sandy Spring, and Mrs. Alice M. Burtis, Somerset. The others are Mrs. Thelma Fin nefrock, Takoma Park Junior High, and Elia Mae Scott, Silver Spring Intermediate. The board also accepted the resig nation of Mrs. Beryl R. English as trustee of the Woodside Elementary School. A delegation seeking improve ments for the Rockville colored high and elementary schools was assured the requests would be taken up in planning for summer work and later construction programs. A re quest from the Parent-Teacher As sociation of the Glen Echo-Cabin John School that the lighting in the school building be improved was submitted. The board received a Federal offer of continued assist ance in child care activities. The offer was accepted. Dr. Edwin W. Broome, county superintendent of schools, reported that a county-wide age-grade study conducted by the teachers in No vember showed that 23.5 per cent of the pupils were underage for the grades they were in; 70.5 per cent were normal age and 6 per cent overage. Dr. Broome said that the percentage of overage pupils has been greatly reduced in recent years. 7% of Virginia Draff Call Lisfed as Venereal Cases By the Associated Press. RICHMOND, Feb. 9.—Selective service serologic tests reveal that ap proximately 7 per cent of men be tween 18 and 45 years who were called by their local draft boards during the year ended in June. 1943, were classified as positive venereal disease cases, the State Health De partment reported today. Positive reactions were shown by 16,930 out of 241,537 men who took the tests, one and one-half times more than the number recorded for the 1941-42 period, the report showed. The rate for colored men was many times as great as that for white men, with colored cases listed as 15 per cent of the total and the white 1.8 per cent. Venereal disease cases reported to the State Health Department from all sources showed 21,179 of syphillis. 9,654 gonorrhea and 572 of other venereal disease cases. The 1941-42 cases were listed as 18,925 syphillis, 6,906 gonorrhea and 332 other cases. Takoma PTA to Assist At School Bond Rally The regular meeting of the Par ent-Teacher Association of the Ta koma Park Junior High School has been postponed until next Wednes day to coincide with a bond rally scheduled for that time, it was an nounced yesterday by George P. Adair, president of the association. Morgan Beatty, radio commenta tor and newspaperman, will be the speaker. Richard F. Green, chair man of the Montgomery County War Bond drive, will be master of cere monies. Music will be furnished by the school band. William Marks, principal of the school, is arranging the quiz program. Guard Officers Promoted Perry W. Browning, jr„ Hyatts irille, has been promoted from sec ond to first lieutenant in the Mary land State Guard, Gov. O'Conor an nounced today according to an As sociated Press dispatch from An napolis. Ten other promotions and commissions were announced by the jtovemor. Postmaster Nominated For Upper Marlboro President Roosevelt yesterday nominated Russell M. Buck to be postmaster at Upper Marlboro, Md. Mr. Buck is a native of Prince Georges County and has served as acting postmaster at Marlboro since the retirement last fall of Guy M. Coale. Prior to that he served as assistant postmaster for 15 years. Mr. Buck Is a director of the Marlboro branch of the County Trust Co. of Maryland. He Is mar ried and has two children. Prince Georges Police Act to lighten Dog Quarantine Enforcement of the dog quaran tine in Prince Georges County was given further impetus today with the assignment of a policeman to accompany the county Animal Rescue League truck two days a week in picking up stray dogs. Police Chief Ralph W. Brown was instructed by the county commis sioners at their meeting yesterday to assign one of his officers after a delegation from the league, headed by its president, J. M. Walton, ap peared before the board. Pointing out that the league has no authority to pick up stray dogs unless a policeman or a private per son assumes responsibility for such action, Mr. Walton asked that police co-operate in the league’s efforts to rid the county of stray animals. League Cites Costs. After Mr. Walton declared trfat It costs the league approximately $50 a month to operate its dog pound, the commissioners authorized an appropriation of $250 from the county dog fund for such a purpose. Mr. Walton said the league has picked up a total of 1.400 dogs since the quarantine went into effect last August. Chief Brown then suggested that the league swear out warrants against persons claiming dogs at the pound charging them with violating the quarantine. Female dogs are kept at the pound for three days and males for five days. A $2 fee is charged for each animal claimed, to cover the cost of food. State Senator L. Harold Sothoron appeared before the board on be half of the owners of the Hilltop Manor and Castle Manor apart ment projects to seek a reduction in the assessments on the two de velopments. Figures Revealed. At present, Mr. Sothoron said. Hilltop Manor, in Bladensburg, is assessed at $562,500, while Castle Manor, in Mount Rainier, is as sessed at $213,100. County Assessor Thomas Baxter emphasized, however, that these as sessments were made on a tenta tive basis. He explained that the owners of the two projects refused to give him any information con cerning the cost and gross revenue of the developments. Mr. Sothoron then revealed that the gross rentals received from Hilltop Manor totaled $102,630, while those from Castle Manor to taled $46,572. On the basis of those figures, Mr. Baxter proposed that Hilltop Manor be assessed at $427,800 and that Castle Manor be assessed at $194, 050. The commissioners took the matter under advisement. Hutcheson Confirmed As Federal Judge Former U. S. Attorney Fills Eastern Virginia Post The Senate yesterday confirmed the nomination of Sterling Hutche son to be judge of the Federal Court for the eastern district of Virginia. Mr. Hutcheson, former United States atorney for that district, will succeed the late Judge Luther B Way. Mr. Hutcheson, 49. who Is the first judge to be appointed to the Eastern Virginia district by a Democratic administration since the Civil War, was born in Mecklenburg County, Va. He was educated at William and Mary Colege and the University of Virginia, and before becoming United States district attorney was in private law practice at Boyd ton, Va. The second judgeship of the east ern district, held by Judge Robert N. Pollard, was created in 1939. Welfare Group to Discuss County Juvenile Court Need The need for a juvenile court in Prince Georges County will be dis cussed at a meeting of the Juvenile Delinquency Committee of the County Volunteer Juvenile Welfare Association at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the County Service Building, Hyatts ville. The committee, headed by Daniel M. Greene, was named at an or ganization meeting of the associa tion two months ago. At that time, it was instructed to investigate ju venile delinquency in the county and to determine whether a juvenile court is necessary. Other members of the committee are Miss Mildred Alexander, Dr. Peter Lejins, assistant professor of sociology at the University of Mary land; Mrs. R. S. Allen and Mrs. Betty Tayman. Luis Granados, chairman of the Juvenile Welfare Association, urged all interested persons to attend. Forty to Report Soon From Upper Marlboro Area Forty men in the Upper Marlboro area, including 19 pre-Pearl Harbor fathers, will report for duty soon after their induction two weeks ago by Prince Georges County Draft Board No. 3. The 19 fathers ard: Brent, George T., sr. Gordon, Willie E. iwS ’ «"b,ert W- Pumphrey, John P. Buck, Melvin R. Hesketh. Leslie, Jr. Hallam Bertram F. Pyles. John L. Foster. Edwin M Allen. Robert M. Adams. George W. Wingfield. Champ C. Rinehart. Lewis M. Jenkins. George P. Moore, Richard C. Turner. Elmer R. Putnam, Elwood R. Sava, Gino B. Robeson. Edward B. The 21 others are: Thorne, Russell R. Banks. James E Lagana. Samuel L. Dyson, George E. Ai G„, Green. James C. . Charles W. Gpldring, James L. « r/e, T. V. Glascoe. John jr. shJlmlS'. Ct»T\£? u Brook*- John W. Shumaker. E. W. *>-»<» Virginia House Begins Consideration of New 235-Million Budget Bill Exceeds Estimated Amount Available for Spending by $345,000 By the Associated Press. • RICHMOND, Feb. 9.—Virginia's record-breaking $235,000,000 budget bill, exceeding by $345,000 the esti mated amount available for appro priation, was before the House of Delegates today for initial considera tion on the floor. The important measure was set as a special and continuing order of business. Chairman C. C. Louder back of the House Appropriations Committee, which reported the bill Friday, expressed the hope that the House will finish action on the measure this week. It reached the House floor almost two weeks earlier than usual. Few Major -Budget Changes. The committee made compara tively few major changes in budget recommendations submitted by Gov. Darden. Revisions, giving increases in many instances, have not unbalanced seri ously the Governor’s budget, Chair man Louderback said. The largest single item added by the committee was $290,000 for Catawba Sanatorium, for building and equipment. A statutory limit of one gallon of liquor per month per customer at the State’s retail stores is provided for in a bill which Delegate Stuart Campbell, Wythe County, said he was planning to introduce in the House. Mr. Campbell said the "funda mental responsibility for control" of hard liqucr sales rests with the General Assembly and that the State Liquor Board "has not at tempted the control of such sales except insofar as this has been necessitated by the current liquor shortage.” Senate Passes Nine Bills. The Wythe County Delegate said he believes the "time has now come when some attention should be given to the control or regulation of liquor sales." The Senate passed nine bills, for the most part of a minor nature, and postponed second reading on the Harris-Battle Senate bill pro viding for higher interest rates on small loans after an amendment was offered from the floor to make the charge a flat two per cent a month. The bill in its present form calls for a 3 per cent charge on un paid balances of $150 or less and 2 per cent on unpaid balances exceeding $150 and up to the maxi-1 mum of $300 allowed as a small loan. The House passed eight bills, in cluding the Clarke Senate bill to raise the compulsory school attend ance age from 15 to 16 years, the Stuart-Breeden-Gray Senate bill to name the Virginia Protective Force the Virginia State Guard, and the Spiers House bill removing the ceil ing of $18 per month for a first child and $12 a month for a second in aid to dependent children. Sales Tax Hearing Monday. The Senate Finance Committee set a public hearing for 8 p.m. Mon day on the Hodges sales tax bill after Senator Y. Melvin Hodges, South Hill, made the request. The measure provides for a 2 per cent sales tax for school purposes and for the relief of taxes on real estate and tangible personal property. Just before the Finance Com mittee action, Charles W. Crush, Christiansburg, secretady of the League of Virginia Counties, an nounced that 90 per cent of county officials who have answered a poll conducted by the league have ex pressed favor of enactment of "a sales tax now.” Mr. Crush said that of the 300 who have thus far responded to the poll question 20 have expressed opposition to a sales tax, while well over 60 per cent of those fa voring a sales tax are opposed to the Governor's proposal for a refer endum on the question. Oil Manager Is Promoted C, E. Peed, manager of the South ern States Fairfax Petroleum Co operative, Inc., for the last two years, has been made district manager of Southern States Co-operative. Inc., with headquarters in Richmond, it has been announced. Mr. Peed will be succeeded at Fairfax by W. E. Neale, former manager of the Augusta Petroleum Co-operative, Staunton, Va. Daily Rationing' HPReminJetvm Canned and Frozen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4. green stamps G, H, and J valid through February 20. Stamps K, L and M valid through March 20. Meats, Fats, Etc. —Book No. 3, stamps V, W and X valid through February 26. Stamps Y, which be comes valid February 13. and Z, good February 20, both expire on March 20. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay two ration points for every pound of waste kitchen fats you turn in. Sugar—Book No. 4. Stamp 30 valid for 5 pounds through March 31. Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 pounds for home canning through February 28, 1945. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 in Book No. 1 and stamp 1 on the “airplane” sheet of Book No. 3 valid for an indefinite period. Gasoline—No. 9-A coupons good for 3 gallons through May 8, B, B-l, C and C-l coupons good for 2 gal longs each. These coupons will expire on date indicated on indi vidual books. B-2 and C-2 cou pons in books issued since De cember 1 are good for 5 gallons each. Tire Inspection Deadlines—For A coupon holders, March 31. For B coupon holders, February 29. Fuel Oil—Period No. 3 coupons good through March 14. Period No. 4 coupons valid through September 30. Nos. 3 and 4 coupons good for 10 gallons per unit. According to the District OPA, consumers in this area should not have used more than 61 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil ration as of Feb ruary t. Alexandria Veteran Presented Soldier's Medal at Georgetown James H. Moore, jr., of Alexandria shown receiving the Soldier’s Medal yesterday from Maj Gen. John T. Lewis in a special ceremony at Georgetown University.—Star Staff Photo. A discharged war veteran, James H. Moore, jr., 1517 King street, Al exandria, Va„ yesterday received a medal for his heroism in North Africa on July 16. Dressed in civilian clothes, for mer Sergt. Moore received the Sol dier's Medal from M*j. Gen. John T. Lewis, commander of the Military District of Washington, in a special ceremony in front of Copley Hall, Georgetown University. Army stu dents at Georgetown paraded in his honor. Sergt. Moore was in charge of a gun crew on a pier in North Africa and was seriously injured when an ammunition ship exploded. The ci tation says: “Disregarding his own injuries and in grave danger from gasoline and ammunition exploding on a nearby pier, he sought out each of the members of his gun crew, adminis tered first aid to them and assisted them to safety before permitting himself to be evacuated or his wounds to be dressed.” Award of the medal was ordered by Gen. Eisenhower. Virginia Bill Provides For New Circuit Court In Arlington County Measure Introduced To Change Method of Alexandria Elections E? the Associated Press. RICHMOND, Feb. 9.—A new cir cuit court for Arlington and a special election in Alexandria on the question of a change in the method of electing council members were proposed in the Virginia General; Assembly yesterday. The Senate received three bills' providing for the new circuit and for the immediate election of a judge The patron, Senator Wil liam D. Medley of Arlington, pro posed that the new circuit be cre ated as the thirty-fifth judicial circuit. Judge Walter T. McCarthy, Ar lington. judge of the Sixteenth cir cuit which now includes Arlington, together with Fairfax and Prince William counties, and Alexandria, has the indorsement of the bar for the new post, Senator Medley said. One of the bills provides that the Governor appoint a new judge to fill the vacancy w’hich would occur if Judge McCarthy is named to the proposed new circuit. Election Proposed in March. The bill calling for a special election on the method of electing council members in Alexandria was introduced in the House by Dele gate W. Selden Washington, who represents that city. The electicji would be held March 28. The bill provides, as an amend ment to the charter, alternative plans of election. One. designated as the "council at-large” plan, provides that after September 1, 1944. the council shall consist of four members elected for two years, with the terms of office of three men elected at large con tinuing until their expiration August 31, 1946. Under this plan, the present presiding officer of the council would continue to serve until his term expires. Vacancies in the council would be certified to the judge of the Corporation Court who shall issue a writ for general election. After September 1, 1946. the council member who received the largest popular vote would be come presiding officer and mayor ex-officio. The other plan, designated as the "council ward plan." provides that the council, after September 1, 1944, shall be composed of nine members, of whom one shall be elected from each of the six wards for two-year terms, and three elected at large. Teachers Back New Tax. Any equitable tax—even a sales tax—will be backed by the Virginia Education Association, its Legisla tive Committee said yesterday. Miss Ethel Spillman, president of the VEA, said the association did not feel it was its place to suggest what type of taxation should be set up, but that it would back any plan the Legislature might set up “and the sales tax will come out of our pocketbook just like everybody else’s.” She said the VEA had reaffirmed its stand on Dr. Dabney S. Lan caster’s proposal for $1,200 per teacher unit. Virginia Nurses' Group Elects Officers Mrs. Mae C. Bowman, Alexan dria, was elected president of Dis trict 8, Graduate Nurses’ Associa tion of Virginia, at a recent meet ing held at the Arlington County Hospital. Other officers include Mrs. Myrtle D. Woods, Alexandria, and Mrs. Naomi Hatcher, Purcellville, vice presidents; Mrs. Sue W. Brown, Ar lington, secretary, and Mrs. Vir ginia Scantlebury, Arlington, treas urer. Members named to the board were Mrs. Ella Turner Goodhart, Arlington, and Mrs. Marjorie Moore, Alexandria. Luther N. Chamberlain Rites WARRENTON, Va„ Feb. 9 (Spe cial).—Funeral services for Luther N. Chamberlain, 76, who died Mon day in Presbyterian Hospital, Char lotte, N. C., from injuries suffered three weeks ago while on a business trip, will be held at 3 p.m. today at the Presbyterian Church here, The services will be conducted by the Rev. Thomas MacLean, pastor of the church. Burial will be in War renton Cemetery. Alexandria Council Requests Legislators To Fight Sales Tax Adopts Measure Asking Local Determination in War Housing Disposition The Alexandria City Council joined forces last night with the city's Chamber of Commerce and the Retail Merchants' Association by passing a resolution opposing a pro posed 3 per cent sales tax and asking State Senator Andrew W. Clarke and City Delegate W. Seldon Washington to vote against any such law and to use their influence to defeat it. The final draft of a resolution on disposition of Federally-owned war housing was adopted by the Council and subsequently approved by the Alexandria Housing Authority, the City Planning Commission and the War Housing Advisory Committee. The resolution, directed to the President, Gov. Darden. Virginia members of Congress and local members of the General Assembly, asked for local determination in the disposition of war housing. Would Make It Pattern. Members of the four groups inter ested in postwar housing have been working on the resolution for .several weeks, with the intention of making it a pattern for other communities For the purpose of the resolution, public war housing is defined as all Federally owned dwellings con structed in violation of local zoning, building and planning regulations. That the local governing body of any community shall have the right to designate a local agency to act as legal agent for the disposition of war housing and that housing authorities, where they exist, shall be that agent unless another is designated by the local governing body within a specified time. Government Would Act. That in the event no agency is designated by the local governing body and no housing authority ex ists, the Government shall, on 90 days’ notification, designate an agency as legal agent and that any designated agent shall obtain the approval of the local governing body for its plan of disposition. The resolution includes, specifi cally for Alexandria, the provision that a committee of nine repre sentatives from the four interested groups be designated to work out a plan for such disposition to submit to City Council. Final passage of the taxicab ordi nance passed on first reading Friday was deferred at the request of at torneys for the cab companies so a conference can ge held tomorrow night with a City Council committee for further discussion of several points involved. Lack of Equipment Delays Cheverly Hospital Opening Inability to obtain delivery of es sential equipment is delaying ad mission of patients to the Prince Georges General Hospital near Cheverly, it was announced today. Hospital officials explained the needed equipment has been on order for several months. It includes an anesthesia unit, bassinets and lab oratory materials. Visitors to the hospital donated more than $400 during an open house Sunday. The money will be used to purchase equipment not pro vided by the Government. Floral tributes which filled the central corridor of the hospital on Sunday have been sent to the con valescent section of Walter Reed Hospital at Forest Glen, Md. Four From D. C. Area Finish Chaplains' School Three Washington men and one from nearby Virginia are among 33 clergymen being graduated today from the Army Chaplain School at Harvard University. The District graduates are Joseph A. Crazinni and Francis N. D. Rey nolds, Catholics, and Douglas F. Hail Baptist. The Virginia clergyman is Thomas P. Scannell, Arlington, Cathdilc. Hospital Benefit Planned A bingo party to raise funds for the Prince Georges General Hospi tal at Cheverly will be given by the Decatur Heights Community Club February 23 at the St. Luke’s Parish Hall, Bladensburg, it has been an nounced. u Virginia Legislators Postpone Annexation Action After Hearing County Spokesmen Favor, City Officials Rap Bills In Two-Hour Session By * Staff Correspondent of The dt*r. RICHMOND, Feb. 9 —The House Privileges and Elections Committee yesterday postponed action on two bills to restrict annexation after-lis tening to a city versus county battle for two hours in the hall of the House of Delegates. County representatives contended that the bills, which would require a favorable vote of the qualified voters in the territory to be annexed, would put annexation on a demo cratic basis. Cities contended that the bills would strangle cities and change the annexation procedure from a factual to a political one. Delegate G. Alvin Massenburg, sponsor of one of the bills and chairman of the committee, presided at the hearing which was attended by delegations from Alexandria, Fairfax and other interested areas. McCandlish Bill Stronger. The other bill, introduced by Dele gate Robert J. McCandlish, jr., Fairfax County, stronger than the Massenburg bill, provides for a ref erendum in the city seeking annexa tion as well as in the area to be annexed. I£ also prohibits a reopen ing of the question for 10 years after it has been defeated by popular vote, and forbids any an nexation proceedings from being instituted until one year after the emergency has been declared at an end. The Massenburg bill requires the referendum only in the area to be annexed. Chief arguments in favor of the bill were the claims that under a democratic form of government res idents have a right to decide where they want to live, and that the coun ty voters should be protected from cities annexing those portions of their territory which will bring the most revenue and leaving behind the portions which are a liability. County spokesmen pointed out that if cities will make their government and their facilities attractive to residents of outlying areas tljey need have nothing to fear from a refer endum on annexation. County spokesmen also said that courts have always decided in favor of the cities in annexation proceedings, thus stifling the ambition of a county to improve its facilities while faced with the prospect of being swallowed up by a neighboring municipality. City Officials' Arguments. City attorneys speaking against the bills claimed that the municipal ities should not have to seek per mission of their own or county voters for the right to sue, after consider able sums of money had been spent in .seeking expert advice on an an nexation case. They added that the i provision the McCandlish bill call ing for a referendum of the city : voters was a reflection on the judg ment of the elected city government. City spokesmen also claimed tha* the vote of the small number of persons in the area affected, whether or not they are property owners, w-as no true yardstick as j to the gains to both city and county from annexation. I They added that if the bills pass, the counties may expect to find the adjoining cities refusing to supply facilities and to permit the use of their schools by county children, even payment of tuition, on the grounds that “a city wUl not con tribute to building of stone walls around it." Cities Make Complaint. City officials pointed out that it is unreasonable to suppose that the residents of any county area would vote for annexation when they can [have all the advantages of a' neigh i boring city without paying for them. :They asked the committee to con sider the matter of annexation a judicial matter which can best be : handled by the considered thinking of an unbiased court, rather than a political matter for unthinking settlement by a small number of voters. Those speaking for the bills in cluded Delegates Massenburg, Mc Candlish, W. H. Irvine of Campbell, Commonwealth's Attorney Potter Sterne of Dinwiddie. Common wealth's Attorney S. J. Thompson of Campbell. Commonwealth’s At torney W. H. Carter of Amherst. Commonwealth’s Attorney Conway Shields of Warwick and Frank Kearney of Phoebus. Appearing in opposition were City Attorney J. Gordon Bohannon of Petersburg, City Attorney Charles E. Ford of Newport News, City At torney R. C. Barclay of Portsmouth and City Attorney Horace Edwards of Richmond. $33,968 Bonds Sold At Poolesville Rally Students Sell $11,000 Of Total in Drive Sales amounted to *33.968 at a War Bond rally at the Poolesville (Md.) High School Monday night, the Sales Committee announced today. This total included more than *11.000 sold by the students in the Fourth War Loan drive, it was said, plus the anonymous purchase of *10,000 credited to the Dickerson and Poolesville Schools by “a Wash ington man interested in the com munity.” Brooke Johns, master of cere monies, conducted a quiz for stu dents. Ida Lutz Jones, Charles Tipton and Claude Cooley, winners of the contest, will represent the school in the county-wide quiz at the Richard Montgomery High School, Rockville. Two Other Rallies Set. War Bonds and Stamps will be awarded to winners of a quiz con test to be held at 8 p.m. Tuesday at the Montgomery Blair High School. Silver Spring, in connection with a school War Bond rally. Contest judges will be Morgan Beatty, radio commentator; the Rev. Ralph D. Smith, pastor of Woodside Methodist Church, and Mrs. H. H. Howlett. Jerry Strong, Washington radio entertainer, will be master of cere monies at a War Bond rally to be held at 8 pm. Friday at the Lynn brook Element* r^School. Bethesda.