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TEN ESCAPE FROM TOJO
Jap Guards Forced American Officer . To Bury Seriously Sick Soldiers Alive By COMDR. MELVYN H. McCOY. USN. and LT. COL. S. M. MELLNIK.USA, As Told to Lt. Welbourn Kelley, CSNR. Chapter V—Horrors of Cabanatuan Prison. tomnr. MCLny: I arrived at the prison camp at Cabanatuafti on July 7, less than two months after the carnp was formed. My first impression was one of utter desolation and hoplessness. I was searched at once by Japanese guards. The only things of value they found were two small bottles containing quinine and sulfa drugs, given me by a doctor friend at Old Bilibid. The Japs confiscated them, One of the first persons I saw was an Army major whom I had met at Army-Navy parties in Manila. "You look awful,” I said to him, staring at his gaunt, stricken ap pearance. "I was on Bataan,” he said. “I made the death march.” I already had become aware of an awful stench about the camp, but for the first time I noticed that, outside of each barracks, there was a neat row of bodies. Somehow I knew that the bodies had been there for some time—clouds of flies arose from them when groups of prisoners walked nearby. "Good Godi” I was pointing. Accustomed to Sight. The Army major looked casually at, the row of bodies and said. ‘ You'll get used to that.” He was about to say more when he suddenly clutched at his stomach with both hands and began to run in a broken gait, managing to fling over his shoulder a muffled "See you later.” I soon learned that this hurried "see you later” was a common part ing salute at Cabanatuan from pris oners suffering from dystentery. , I heard the story of the death march from Bataan from many re sponsible officers at Cabanatuan, but I heard it most often from the maior. He is a West Point grad uate, and although his name has been supplied to military authori ties it, will not be used here for reasons which will become obvious After the fall of Bataan approx imately 10,000 American and 45,000 Filipino prisoners were marched to San Fernando, Pampanga, a dis tance of about 120 miles. These pris oners were marched in different groups, and some were treated worse than others. In most cases they wem for days without water. My friend—I shall call him Maj. Gunn —said he went for many days with out food. "We often passed running streams." said Maj. Gunn, "but the Japs sel dom allowed us to drink. A few prisoners tried it, mostly Filipinos. They were shot down and left dying where they fell. If we drantc from muddy carabao wallow, though, the Japs didn't seem to mind. That's where so many hundreds of us got dystentery. I suppose.” .lammed into Tin Warehouse. During the long march these groups of Bataan prisoners passed through the village of Lubao and were kept there overnight.. «The.v were auartered in a warehouse of galvanized tin, with no windows but with a few small grid openings near the floor. First the Japanese would herd as many prisoners into the building as seemed possible, requir ing them to stand. Then, when the buildine was completely full, more prisoners were placed just outside the door, and a steel cable was at tached to one corner of the build-' ing. Several guards then took the other end of this cable and by pull ing it taut they squeezed all these outside into the building. The slid ing door was then closed and se cured for the night. During the night no prisoner was allowed outside this building. There were no sanitation facilities inside, and several persons died each night. On the march regular cleanup squads of Japanese followed at. the rear to dispose of the prisoners who fell out, both Filipinos and Amer icans. Filipinos were bayoneted or shot and left where they fell, but Americans usually were taken some distance from the road. At the end of the day the Japanese usually dispatched those prisoners who seemed so weakened that they would not be able to make the march on the following day. Different methods were used to dispose of these weakened prisoners There were many cases of burial alive, often with the forced as sistance of American officers. Some of the prisoners were forced to dig their own graves. Maj. Gunn’s worst memories were intensely personal. They centered things which he, an American of ficer, had been forced to do on threat of death. “The first time it happened,” said Maj. Gunn, “I didn't know what was up. An enlisted man had keeled over—he had been stumbling foi hours—and the Japs dragged him to a ditch about 100 yards from the road. I was taken out of the line and escorted to where the Japs had placed this unconscious man in the ditch. One of the Japs handed me a shovel. Another jabbed a bayonet into my side and gave an order in Japanese. I did not un derstand. A Jap grabbed the shovel out of my hands and demonstrated by throwing a few shovelfuls of earth on the unconscious soldier. Then he handed me the shovel. God! * * * It doesn't help to tell myself that the soldier and others later were already more dead than alive * * » Forced to Kill Soldier. “The worst time was once when I a burial victim with about 6 inches of earth over him suddenly regained consciousness and clawed his way out until he was almost sitting up right. Then I learned to what lengths a man will go. McCoy, to hang onto his own life. The bayonets began to prod me in the side and I was forced to bash the soldier over I the head with the shovel and then finish burying him.” When the Bataan prisoners finally reached San Fernando, on the way to O'Donnell, they were jammed 100 into a boxcar and, always in the heat of the day, given a two-hour ride to Capiz, Luson. Then they marched the remainder of the way to the camp. Conditions at O'Donnell were, if possible, as bad as those along the route of march. The camp com mander announced he had not been notified that such a large number of prisoners was being sent. He had no facilities for them. There was only one water spigot for the many thousands and all the running water in the vicinity rapidly became pul luted by the sick and the dead. And, in a regular public speech to the assembled prisoners the Japanese camp commander stated that he did not like Americans, and that he did not care how many died. Lot Melimk: When the Bataan prisoners ar rived at Cabanatuan the American leaders in our group did their best to compile a list of those who had died previously. This list was kept up to date as others died at Cabanatuan. As far as I know the list is still at Cabanatuan. and it contains many hundreds of names which have not yet been announced by the Japanese. The death rate at O'Donnell, we learned, had been frightful. Many of the prisoners ha drought on to the end at Bataan, although wound ed or ill. After the death march! there was hardly a man who was not clearly a hospital case. Careful estimates from many of the officers1 who survived place the number of Americans who died there in April and May at 2,200. I have been assured that this number is con-j servative. Filipinos were dying at1 the rate of 500 a day, with Ameri cans dying at the rate of 50 a day. i The death rate finally became so alarming that the Japanese began to discharge the Filipinos as soon as they became ill. hoping that they would die in the bosom of their families and thus free the Japs of responsibility. American officers say that, of the 45.000 Filipinos who started out from Bataan on April 9. 1942, fully 27,000 had died by the end of May. when the surviving Americans were transferred to Cabanatuan. (Tomorrow: Unburied Dead.) (Cop.vrieht. 1844, by the Bell Syndicate. Tnr > Adequate Nitrogen Fertilizer Assured Farmers This Year Victory gardeners’ and farmers’ fertilizer problems will be solved this year, because synthetic nitrogen plants built in this country since the beginning of the war will make available about 35 per cent more nitrogen fertilizer than ever before, according to a report by Dr, F. W. Parker, director of the Agriculture Department Division of Soil and Fertilizer Investigations. This nitrogen, ammonium nitrate, long has been recognized by soil experts as an excellent source for all crops, Dr. Parker said, but its use has been retarded by certain physical characteristics which recent experiments have largely overcome. Dr. Parker said the new ammo nium nitrate will supply about 20 per cent of the available supply of nitrogen this year, and will be an important factor in making possible a 35 per cent increase in the Na tion's nitrogen fertilizer supply. Effi ciently used, he added, this increased supply, which is equivalent to about 850.000 tons of ammonium sulfate, will greatly increase food, feed and fiber production. Economical Features Noted. Dr. Parker said the ammonium nitrate fertilizer has properties sim ilar to two of the best-known nitro gen fertilizers-sodium nitrate and ammonium sulfate. He said the one fertilizer, under proper condi tions, will give results similar to'the use of a 50-50 mixture of sodium nitrate and ammonium sulfate. In addition, he asserted, use of am monium nitrate will give a cheaper source of nitrogen because of its higher nitrogen content and the saving in freight and labor involved in its use. While the fact that ammonium nitrate absorbs moisture from the air more readily than other nitrogen fertilizers and is inclined to cake in storage, has tended to discourage its Save This Newspaper Many paper mills are shut ting down for lack of waste paper to convert into cartons for Army and Navy supplies shipped overseas. Every pound of old newspapers and maga zines is needed. Telephone your nearest school or notify some school child in your block to have your paper picked up. r ! use among farmers. Dr. Parker sa.ld recent experimental work has re sulted in largely eliminating these characteristics. Fire Hazards Told. Dr. Parker explained that am monium nitrate is formed in syn thetic nitrogen plants through the combination of nitric acid and am monia and contains both nitrate nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen. While the nitrate nitrogen moves with the soil and may be leached by heavy rains, he said, the am monia nitrogen in the compound is as resistant to leaching as am monium sulfate. The ammonium nitrate is slightly acid forming in its action on soils, he said, but pro duces only one-third as much acidity as an equivalent amount of ammonium sulfate or phosphate. Warning that ammonium nitrate is an explosive if improperly han dled, Dr. Parker said, however, that the explosive danger is eliminated if the nitrate is handled like any other fertilizer. The paper fertil izer bags should be burned when (emptied, as they create a fire hazard, he said, and burlap or cloth bags should be thoroughly washed before storing. Recommendations for use of am monium nitrate with various crops | should be obtained from countv ; agents or extension agronomists. Coroner Finds Dr. Hale Of Maryland U. Ended Life A certificate of suicide will be is sued in the death of Dr. Charles Brockway Hale, 46, head of the English department at Maryland University, it was announced today by District Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald. Dr. Hale died in Garfield Hospital February 2, three days after he was taken from his home at 4311 Queens bury road, Riverdale, Md., suffering from drug poisoning. According to the coroner, a chem ical analysis showed the English professor died as a result of taking an overdose of a sleeping potion. Dr. MacDonald said he had con sulted with Dr. James I. Bqyd, deputy medical examiner of Prince Georges County. WASHINGTON NEWS WASHINGTON, D. C. SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1944. Bilbo Invites Builders' Views On Housing Loan , Private Enterprise Assured of Hearing On Slum Clearance Chairman Bilbo of the Senate Dis trict Committee today told a dele gation of private building leaders they would be given-a full hearing on their plans for slum-clearance projects, but said he was withhold ing Judgment as to whether slum clearance should be done by public or by private agencies, or a com bination. The McCarran bill, authorizing a $20,000,000 loan for the work of the National Capital Housing Au thority, has been referred to the Burton Subcommittee and Senator Bilbo said he planned to sit In on the remainder of the subcommittee hearings, which are scheduled to re sume tomorrow morning. The delegation was headed by Myron Davey, president of the Home Builders Association of the Metropolitan Area. Others included James C. Wilkes, counsel for the group; Rufus S. Lusk of the Wash ington Taxpayers Association, W. P. Ames of the Lumbermen's Associa tion, Joseph Deckman of the Build ers Supplies Association and Frank Cartright, executive vice president of the National Association of Home Builders. The group issued a state ment, addressed to Senator Bilbo, saying: "The Home Builders Association of Metropolitan Washington, pledges its full aid and co-operation in your effort to rid the city of its criminal element and to eliminate the slums of Washington. "The association (private enter prise! was anxious to provide more than an equal number of the same homes as were built by the Gov ernment in McLean Gardens, Fair lington. and Naylor Gardens and was restricted from doing so by Gov ernment control, "Now, as then, the builders are willing and anxious to attack the problem of slum clearance and we hope the implements for land ac quisition will be provided and the builders encouraged, rather than de prived of doing this job." D. C. Slaying Suspect Arrested in New York William H. Copeland. 35, colored, who allegedly shot and killed his sister-in-law and wounded his wife and brother-in-law in a shooting affray here last Friday, was held without bail bv New' York police today after Assistant District Attor ney John McAvinue of New York said the man admitted the crimes. Mr. McAvinue said Copeland also admitted staging a $5,000 holdup in Saks’ Thirty-fourth street depart ment store in New York last De cember 17. Washington police said Copeland, who was picked up Tuesday night by detectives on a description sent out by District authorities, was identified in a line-up by Detective Sergt. Reuben Nichols of the Wash ington police. Copeland had in his possession when apprehended the revolver allegedly used in last week's shooting here, police said. Slain by the 6-foot. 200-pound prisoner, according to police, was Mrs. Dora Johnson. 43. colored, of 2710 Sherman avenue N.W. Cope land's sister-in-law. His brother in-law. William Johnson, 50. and Copeland's wife, Mrs. Johnson's sister, also were seriouslv wounded New York police said Copeland said he was "disturbed’’ because he sus pected his wife of being unfaithful. New York detectives said the man volunteered the information that he entered Saks’ Thirty-fourth street, during the Christmas rush and robbed a girl cashier of $3,000 in cash and $2,000 in checks. He told police he tore up the checks and later lost the $3,000 gambling in Washington. Terence J. Herron Killed In South Pacific Air Crash Mr. and Mrs. Patrick F. Herron, 1000 Quincy street N.E., have re ceived word from the Navy Depart ment that their son, Terence Joseph Herron, 22. avi ation radioman, third class, had been killed in a plane crash in the South Pa cific. Young Herron, who was radio man and gunner on a bomber, enlisted in the Naval Re serve in Julv, 1942. He had been serving aboard an air craft carrier in Terence J. Herron, the South Pacific since September, 1943. One time messenger at The Star, the aviation radioman was employed as a clerk for the Bureau of Sup plies and Accounts, Navy Depart ment, before entering the service. Besides his parents, he is survived by three brothers, John, Joseph and Thomas Herron, -and three sisters, Mary, Anne and Catherine Herron, all of the Quincy street address. House Probers Study Plans to Cut Delinquency Christiansen Asserts Recreation Should Be Emphasized Proposals for immediate improve ment of recreational facilities in the District were the last recommenda tions before the House District Sub committee seeking a practical an swer to juvenile delinquency here as it prepared to study testimony preliminary to making its report. The proposals were voiced by Milo F. Christiansen, superintendent of the Recreation Board, who was the final witness as public hearings were adjourned yesterday by Chairman D'Alesandro. Earlier Dr. Oscar F. Blackwelder, pastor of the Lutheran Church of the Reformation, called for aboli tion of walkathons, women wrestlers and "loose" liquor control laws. Urging that all wrestling bouts be placed under control of the Boxing Commission, he declared: "Then; only professionals would wrestle—I and there are no professional worn men wrestlers.” Advocates Legislation. Advocating legislation to improve the environment of the general community, the minister suggested that such legislation originate in the committees of Congress. Later he told reporters that he had no desire to criticize the Com missioners. "My point.” he said. "is; that under our form of government j the Commissioners are executives and not judges of legislation. So I hope the District committees in Congress will initiate their own leg-1 lslation for the District.” Dr. John W. Rustin, pastor of the Mount Vernon Place Methodist Church, who was among other re ligious leaders testifying, described the recreation program his church has inaugurated for children of that area. I No ‘Cure-all* of Problem. While Mr. Christiansen empha sized that recreation is not a cure all for social problems he described it as a “normal and necessary hu man function" and “one of the1 most important stabilizers" affect-, ing community morale, discipline and solidarity. Appropriation of $1,000,000 for land acquisition of midcitv play ground sites by the National’Capital Park and Planning Commission was listed as one of the “immediate needs" in the District's recreational program. This request is now be fore the Budget Bureau. The witness aiso urged reinstate ment of $291,854 of the Lanham Act I program for improvement and de velopment of recreational areas. He pointed out that the War Produc- j tion Board has been holding up that I portion of the $500,000 program but that an appeal now is pending. The revised program calls for im provement and development of the Turkey Thicket and Stoddert School playgrounds and the Anacostia Park, Coolidge. McKinley-Ecking ton, Francis, Hillcrest, Jefferson, Langston and Powell recreation centers. I Swimming Pool Plans. Mr. Christiansen further recom mended appropriation of $75,000 to prepare plans and specifications for postwar construction of three year long swimming pools and night illumination of 13 recreation cen ters. Installation of night illumi nation, he said, would enable the centers to double or triple partici pation. The construction and installation cost of these projects was estimated at $1,135,000. Mr. Christiansen also said that: operations of his department are limited at present by a lack of fuel oil to heat certain school build ings for community and night rec reational activities. Requests for this fuel have been refused by OPA, he pointed out. The schools in volved are Montgomery. Wilson Coolidge, Banneker, Terrell and Jefferson. Recalling that operation of all recreational agencies was unified here in 1943. Mr. Christiansen told the committee that 'Washington has the basic structure for one of the finest public recreation programs in the country. ---«L__ Prisoner Relief Group Delayed by Riff Formation of a national organiza- i tion seeking relief for Americans' held as war prisoners and civilian internees by the Japanese was to be attempted at a meeting at 2 p.m. today in Mount Vernon Place Meth odist Church, following the shout ing down yesterday of proposals to organize a national Bataan founda tion. Favoring direct aid, Mrs. Harold Parsons of Pontiac, Mich., repre senting Michigan Bataan relief so cieties. said: “We don't want a memorial now. We want ships and men and materials sent to Mac Arthur.” B. H. Spensley of Albuquerque. N. Mex., president of the Bataan Relief Association of his city, said regarding yesterday's meeting at the Cosmos Club: “I don't know who called the meeting, but they didn’t have enough people there to take action. A resolution, the author of which no one seemed to know, called for the formation of a Bataan foundation. I moved the meeting adjourn, which it did without doing anything.” Brig. Gen. John R. Delafleld pre sided. Speakers included Mrs. Francis B. Sayre, wife of the former American high commissioner to the Philippines, and Dr. Disodado M. Yap, editor and publisher of Bataan, an independent Philippine news magazine published here. Mrs. Sayre, who escaped with her husband from the Philippines, said she was interested as an individual in seeing food, medical supplies and clothing sent to civilian internees and military prisoners of war. Dr. Yap, native Filipino, said a national organization should be formed, with professional “promot ers kept out,” before policies are adopted. He said he expected to offer recommendations for consid eration at today’s meeting. NATIONAL SYMPHONY DRIVE OPENS—At a iuncheon meeting at the Statler Hotel yesterday the drive to raise $130,000 for the National Symphony Orchestra was launched. Shown at the opening luncheon are. left to right, E. R. Finkenstaedt, chairman of the fund-raising cam paign; Mrs. Carl Spaatz, chairman of the Army Committee and wife of Lt. Gfcen. Spatz, and Dr. Henry F. Hubbard, assistant to the chairman of the Council of Personnel Administration, who was guest speaker. ■- 4 Symphony Campaign Opens With Advance Gifts of $32,189 Two Honors Conferred On Conductor Kindler At Concert Intermission With $32,189 or 24.7 per cent of the total campaign goal, already ob tained through advance contribu tions, the drive to raise $130,000 for support of the National Symphony Drchestra during the 1944-45 concert season was officially underway today. Progress of the campaign will be reported Monday and next Friday, when leaders in the 12 fund-raising committees hold luncheon meetings in the United States Chamber of Commerce Building. Meanwhile, two honors were con ferred on Conductor Hans Kindler and the National Symphony Or chestra during the intermission of last night's concert in Constitution Hall. It was Dr. Kindlers 1.000th performance as conductor. Dr. Alexander Loudon, the Nether lands’ Ambassador, presented Dr. Kindler the officer's degree of the Order of Orange Nassau, the highest order which Queen Wilhelmina's government can confer on foreigners. Though Dr. Kindler was born in Holland, he has been an American citizen since 1921. Bruckner Society Award. Supreme Court Justice Owen J. Roberts, on behalf of the Bruckner Society of America, awarded Dr. Kindler the society's medal of honor in recognition of his efforts to pro mote greater appreciation of Gustav Mahler's music in the United States. The National Symphony had just closed the first half of the program with the Mahler Fourth JSymphony. The launching of the drive, at a uncheon meeting yesterday in the Statler Hotel, was high lighted by the announcement that 778 pre campaign pledges have started the majority of the 12 committees on their way toward their goals. The rdvance gifts obtained by each com mittee and the percentage of each committee's quota were listed as follows: Army Committee, $1,400. sr 35 per cent of its quota: associa tions, $1,211, or 17.3 per cent; busi ness. $545, 3.6 per cent: colleges and universities. $10, or 08 per cent; Government, $866, 3.4 per cent; metropolitan, $22,512, 42.6 pier cent; Navy-Marine-Coast Guard, $1,402, 31.1 per cent: Orchestra Guild. $3, 119.10, 28 3 per cent; public schools, $47. 1.4 per cent: suburban, $1. 178,25, 23.5 per cent. The commit tees for private and parochial schools did not report precampiaign solicitations. Dr. Hubbard Speaks. Principal speaker at the kick-off luncheon was Dr. Henry F. Hubbard, assistant to the chairman of the Council of Personnel Administra tion. Telling the group that Gov ernment workers have shown great enthusiasm over the campaign. Dr. Huobard predicted their contribu tions to the National Symphony's sustaining fund will exceed the 625,000 goal. He praised the recently-an nounced plan under which the or ehestra next season will give a series nf three or more concerts exclusively for Federal employes, hold a free advanced music appreciation course m large auditoriums, and give special assistance to the numerous amateur musical organizations In government departments. Lt. (j.g.) J. P. Hayes, former man ager of the orchestra, now on duty with the Navy, also spoke at the luncheon, expressing hope that when peace comes Washington can be made the “capital of the living arts.” In the meantime, Lt. Hayes said: “we must hold our beach head” by giving full support to the National Symphony and doing every thing possible to expand its activi ties. • Cites Growth of Orchestra. E. R. Finkenstaedt, chairman of the fund-raising campaign, pointed to the growth of the National Sym phony since it was organized here in 1931. The symphony orginally included only 70 pieces. It now numbers 90 pieces, and despite the loss of 40 musicians to the armed services during the past year, will continue at its present strength if the $130, 000 In funds necessary for its sup port can be raised, Mr. Finkenstaedt said. Riverdale Boy Arrested In Three Housebreakings Prince Georges County police ;oday arrested a 14-year-old River dale boy on charges of, breaking nto three Riverdale homes within :wo weeks. Policeman Arnett W. Cord said the boy admitted taking $14 and a ;arton of cigarettes from two of the aomes, but denied entering the third dome. Dr. Alexander Loudon, the Netherlands Ambassador deft), who conferred the officer's degree of the Order of Orange Nassau last night on Hans Kindler (center*, conductor of the National Symphony Orchestra, watches as Dr. Kindler also receives the Bruckner Medal, on behalf of the Bruckner Society, from Justice Roberts of the Supreme Court (right*. —Star Staff Photos. D. C. Heads Remain Opposed to Savitsch, Mason Informs Byrd The Commissioners have not changed their position in rejecting the application of Dr. Eugene de Savitsch for a hospital assignment. Commissioner Guy Mason yesterday assured Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Virginia. Mr. Mason wrote in reply to a let ter several weeks ago from Senator Byrd, in which the Virginia Senator denounced Senator Guffey, Demo crat. of Pennsylvania for threats against the Health Department for rejecting the application. "The other Commissioners join m« in thanking you for your interest in the premises,” Mr. Mason said in his letter. "More than eight months ago we rejected the application of Dr. de Savitsch upon the recom mendation of the health officer (George C. Ruhland). Our position has not changed ” Mason 111 Again. Mr. Mason explained to Senator Byrd that his delay in formally ac knowledging his letter was "occa sioned by absence from the city on account of Mrs. Mason's illness and my own confinement to quarters on account of a very bad cold.” Mr. Mason, who returned to his office the first part of the week, was again confined to his home with illness yesterday. Senator Byrd, in his letter dated January 28, lashed out at Senator Guffey and urged the Commission ers to stand their ground. Senator Byrd issued his attack after photostatic copies of letters of Senator Guffey to Commissioners Mason and Young, written in the latter part of 1942, were published. In his letter to Mr. Young the Pennsylvania Senator said he guessed "the only hope I can have to get anything done in the Health Department is to turn the matter over to Senator McCarran (former chairman of the Senate District Committee) or to have a special Senate committee appointed to in vestigate the Health Department.” WPB Forbids Natural Gas To Some Plants in 6 States By the Associated Press. Sixty natural gas companies in six States were forbidden by the War Production Board last night to deliver gas to factories or business places which have equipment for burning other fuel. The companies—operating in Mis souri, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana. Ohio and Kentucky—all get their gas from the Panhandle Eastern Pipeline Co. Curtailment of de liveries in those States will make more natural gas available in the Appalachian area, where a shortage "is threatening war production,” WPB said. An additional 20,000,000 cubic feet of gas daily will be diverted to Ap palachian war plants by the action, the board estimated. Similar restrictions previously have been applied within the Ap palachian area itself, which WPB defines as Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, the District and Northwestern Kentucky. 40 New District Cases Of Scarlet Fever Listed Scarlet fever cases in the District continued to mount today, with 40 new cases reported overnight, bring ing the total for the year to 638 cases. At this time last year the city had 150 cases. Today’s increase compares with 37 new cases recorded by the Health Department yes terday. Girl, 17, Confesses Sending Saws to Aid Prisoners' Escape Circumstances surrounding the escape of Elmer H. Day from Dis? trict Jail last week were being studied today by penal officials as police revealed that a 17-year-old girl friend of Day admitted she had sent him three hacksaws concealed in a box of crackers to aid his escape. Police said Day concealed the saws under his bed for a week be fore he and a companion sawed their way to freedom. Day was cap tured Tuesday night in Virginia by Fairfax County and Washington police. His companion, William F. Thomas, is still at large. Escape Described. The girl. Miss Carmen H. Mount. 718 Seventh street S.E.. a Navy Yard employe, was charged with aiding Day to escape. Police said she would be turned over to Juvenile Court authorities because of her age. Police declared she told them she had pasted the blades to the in side of the box of crackers and given it to a taxi driver who de livered it to the jail. The driver was unaware of the contents, she said. Day and Thomas subsequent ly escaped by removing a pane of glass and sawing a bar on one of the window’s of the ''maximum se curity” section of the jail. The girl came here several months ago from Kentucky and se cured a job in the Navy' Yard after she gave her age as 18, police said. Confer on Case . Meanwhile Ray L. Huff. District welfare director, conferred with police and jail officials last night on details of the escape. Mr. Huff declined to give the result of the meeting, declaring a statement at this time would be ''premature.' Attending the meeting were Capt. Paul Pegelow of Lorton Reforma tory, Jail Supt. E. Allen Green, Deputy Jail Supt. Thomas R. Sard and Capt. Clyde Strange, assistant chief of detectives. Day, who is awaiting trial on a charge of housebreaking, was re turned to District Jail yesterday. Brother of D. C. Woman Dies in Bomber Crash Second Lt. William D. Maloney, jr.. brother of Mrs. Ruth M. Tilden. 3538 A street S.E.. was one of five men killed Tuesday when their Fly ing Fortress crashed near Dubuque, Iowa, according to an Associated Press dispatch. Lt. Maloney, whose home was in Punxsutawney. Pa., was stationed at Chanute Field, 111. His wife, accord ing to the field public relations office, lives near the air base. Sale of Tire for $25 Brings Fine of $500 Pleading guilty to charges of sell ing an automobile tire without a rationing certificate and above the ceiling price, Harry Sollars. auto accessories dealer of the 1100 block of Eleventh street S.E., was fined $500 in Municipal Court today by Judge Thomas D. Quinn. Sollars sold a tire on January 12 to an OPA investigator for $25 when the ceiling price was $18.01, according to the OPA. Contractors Re-elect Rust E. Marshall Rust, vice president of Rust Engineering Co., 1010 Vermont avenue N.W., was re-elected secre tary and treasurer of the Associated General Contractors of America at the conclusion of their 25th annual meeting in Chicago yesterday. Wil liam Muirhead, Durham, N. C., was chosen president. WLB Approves War Bonus for 2 Transit Lines Will Raise Wages Of Employes by Five Cents an Hour The Capital Transit Co. and the Alexandria, Barcroft & Washington Transportation Co. today had War Labor Board approval for a union management bonus plan expected lo raise employes’ wages 5 cents an hour. Officials of the Arnold-op erated line and union representa 1 tives still have not agreed on a similar bonus plan for that line. The bonus plan for the Wash ington and Alexandria companies, approved unanimously yesterday by the WLB, will compensate transit workers during the “present ex trarodinary war circumstances” in lieu of a straight 5-cent per hour wage increase denied by the WLB last, month. At that time the WLB recom mended that company officials and representatives of the union—the AFL Amalgamated Association of Street. Electric Railway & Motor Coach Operators of America—work , out a bonus plan to increase work ers’ pay. Under the plan, bonus payments will be calculated on the increase in revenue per vehicle mile since January 1. 1941, multiplied by the number of pay hours worked by in dividual employes each month. With the Capital Transit Co., the .plan applies to both operating and nonoperating employes and will be retroactive to last July 1. For A.. B. & W. employes the plan will include only operating employes and will be retroactive to last June 18. Arnold-Operated employes last month were granted a 7-cent-per hour increase by WLB, but con tinued negotiations with company officials for a bonus plan. The Arnold workers had requested a | straight 14 - cent - per - hour wage boost. Izaak Waltons Here Ask 11-Inch Rockfish Limit The Washington Chapter of the : Izaak Walton League of America has gone on record favoring the enactment of legislation to make it illegal in the District to sell striped bass, also known as rock j fish, under 11 inches in length. The ■present legal minimum is 9 inches. Stating that the legal minimum is now 11 inches in Virginia and j 12 inches in Maryland, the chapter | believes that the District permits an j cutlet for illegal fish caught else where. The largest source of supply 1 is the Chesapeake Bay. They also indorsed the 16-inch . minimum contemplated in the pro . posed congressional bill. HR 54, : which also has the indorsement of i the Fish and Wild Life Service. I Spokesmen for the chapter do not I believe there is any hope of enact - [ ment of this bill until after the war ; and say that under the circum stances the 11-inch law should be • passed. Senate Unit Approves McMahon Reappointment A Senate Judiciary subcommittee approved unanimously today the re appointment of Judge John P Mc Mahon. when no one appeared in ‘opposition to his nomination for an other term on the Municipal Court bench. Senator Hatch. Democrat, of New Mexico, acting chairman of the sub committee. said the favorable rec ommendation would go before the full Judiciary Committee Monday. Judge McMahon has been on the bench more than 26 years, having received his first appointment from President Wilson. Civilian Defense Seeks Volunteer Entertainers Entertainers of all types are needed by the Civilian Defense Vol-' unteer Office for show units which will perform evenings and week ends at nearby Army camps. Interested persons should contact the Civilian Defense Volunteer Office. 1350 Pennsylvania avenue N.W.. between the hours of 9 a.m. to 7:30 p.m„ Monday through Fri day. daily Rationing Reminders^ Canned and Frozen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4, green stamps G, H, j and J valid through February 20. | Stamps K, L and M valid through March 20. Meats, Fats, Etc. — Book No. ^1, ! stamps V. W and X valid through February 26. Stamps Y. which be comes valid February 13. and Z, good February 20, both expire on March 20. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay two ration points for every pound of waste kitchen fata you turn in. Sugar—Book No. 4. Stamp 30 valid for 5 pounds through March 31. 1 Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 pounds for home canning through | February 28, 1945. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 in Book No. 1 and stamp 1 ^n the “airplane” | sheet of Book No. 3 valid for an i indefinite period. Gasoline—No. 9-A coupons good for | 3 gallons through May 8. B, B-l. C and C-l coupons good for 2 gal longs each. These coupons will | expire on date indicated on indi j vidual books. B-2 and C-2 cou pons in books issued since De cember 1 are good for 5 gallons I each. Tire Inspection Deadlines—For A coupon holders, March 31. For B coupon holders, February 29. Fuel Oil—Period No. 3 coupons good j through March 14. Period No. 4 coupons valid through September 30. Nos. 3 and 4 coupons good for 10 gallons per unit. According to the District OPA, consumers in this area should not have used more than 61 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil ration as of Feb ruary 7.