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Fair, colder; low near 26 tonight. To morrow fair, continued cold. Temperatures today—Highest, 48, at 9 a.m.; lowest, 37, at 12:01 a.m.; 47 at 1:30 p.m. Yesterday—Highest, 37, at 6:15 p.m.; lowest, 32, at 7:07 a.m. Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-13. u ^ a . : ■■■■-•■ i iksmmMsmBwmammammmammsasmasB a » an ■■ mb. ■ asuap > ® asBssseaaast 3 Guide for Readers Page. Amusements ...A-9 Comics.B-14-15 Editorials .A-6 Edlt'l Articles...A-7 Finance _A-13 Lost and Found. A-3 Page. Obituary ..A-S Radio .B-15 Society.B-3 Sports.A-10-11 Where to Go_B-5 Woman’s Page.B-10 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,451. WASHINGTON, D, C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1944—THIRTY PAGES. *** mSKK. THREE CENTS. SaS™ Japanese ReportGround Fighting At Truk After Heavy U. S. Attack; Allies Shell Cassino for 6 Hours Task Forces Are Silent on Further Details ALLIED BOMBERS BLAST si: ships from Jap convoy in Bis marck Islands. Page A-! Ty the Associated Press. v The Tokio radio indicated to day that ground fighting was in progress in the Japanese mid Pacific bastion of Truk after a heavy attack by powerful United States Navy, carrier units pro tected by battleships, cruisers and destroyers. The Japanese radio, without con firmation, declared that “powerful mechanized -»units as well as air power’’ had been used in the bold assault, but that “it seems it does not go beyond the scope of a strong reconnaissance." The Chungking radio said the Japanese radio had announced that “strong motorized Japanese forces and Japanese troops are involved in fierce and continuing action oppos ing American forces which landed on Truk." This was about eight hours after Tokio's first broadcast acknowledg ment of the action. There was nothing from any other source to support the implication that American ground forces might have attempted a landing. Japanese broadcasts in the past have hinted prematurely at American landings, perhaps with the purpose of claim ing that they had been defeated in the event that the landings did not develop. 'Fierce Fighting' Reported. Earlier, Tokio quoted a 4 p.m. im perial headquarters communique as saying "fierce fighting is now going on between our forces and the en emj.” A strict radio silence by the task forces, however, blanketed the op erations against the vital enemy base nearly 3.500 miles from Pearl Harbor. (President Roosevelt told his news conference today he had no late reports on the attack on Truk. (Told that the Japanese con tended that Americans were go ing ashore, the President said he didn’t know.) Several hundred aircraft ripped at Truk at daylight Wednesday in the first assault on the reef-encrusted group of 70 islands—a bristling fortress in the Central Carolines where the Japanese have had 30 years to build an "impregnable" de fense post. Text of Communique. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, com mander-in-chief of the Pacific Fleet, announced tersely at Pearl Harbor yesterday: "At daylight yesterday morning (16 February, West Longitude datei powerful naval task forces of the United States Pacific Fleet com menced an attack on the Japanese naval base at Truk with several hundred of our planes participat ing. No further details are avail able.” The operation, challenging the enemy's approaches to the Philip pines and the Japanese mainland as never before, came less than two weeks after American capture of Kwajalein, largest of the Marshall Islands, nearly 1,000 miles east of Truk. Photographs Taken. Two American Liberators carry ing 22 men flew a roundtrip of nearly 2,000 miles from the Solo mons to photograph the islands’ in stallations and shipping February 4. it was disclosed, and one pilot re ported seeing more warships in the 40-mile-wide lagoon than “I ever saw at one time in Pearl Harbor.” Although there was no elabora tion, there was nothing whatever to indicate that the escorting battle ships. cruisers and destroyers had risked the concentrated fire of Jap anese fleet units and shore batteries as well as defending planes to move in and shell Truk. Until Truk’s airfields were neu tralized and any carriers inside the lagoon were knocked out, a ship bombardment would be a doubly dangerous venture. Carries on U. S. Offensive. But the assault did carry the American offensive past such Jap anese-held bases as Eniwetok in the western Marshalls and Kusaie and Ponape in the eastern Carolines. Ponape was hit Monday by 55 tons of bombs dropped by land-based planes. The Tokio radio has made little mention since the war began of Truk, which the Japanese occupied and forfified in violation of a League of Nations mandate. Barring Truk to visitors, the Japs threw such a veil of secrecy about it that it was not pierced until Feb ruary 4, when the two big Liberators made their daring flight to photo graph Truk and brought back pic tures after eluding anti-aircraft fire and enemy planes. Capt. James Q. Yawn of Bogue Chitto, Miss., said that through a gap in the clouds he counted 25 (See TRUK, Page A-2.) Churchill's Candidate Beaten by Independent Bv the Associated Press. LONDON. Feb. 18—Prime Minis ter Churchill's Conservative candi date in a parliamentary by-election from West Derbyshire, the Marquis of Hartington, was defeated. 16,336 to 11,775. yesterday by an independ ent, C. F. White, son of a cobbler. The election had been contested fiercely and attracted the attention of the w'hole country as a test of the government policy of indorsing candidates. ♦ —---I Sinking Takes Toll of 1,000 U. S. T roops ' j By the Associated Press. | The Army has announced th< loss of 1,000 American soldiers ir | the sinking, “due to enemj 1 action,” of an Allied troopship ir European waters. Approximate^ 1.000 men were saved, but tht ! loss was the greatest suffered bj Allied convoy forces in this war The brief announcement yesterdaj said the vessel sank rapidly in a heavy sea, but gave few other de tails. Word from London that none of the survivors had been landed in Britain indicated the ship may have been bound for the Mediterranean though there is a possibility the sur vivors may have been landed in Ice land, or returned to the Western Hemisphere. The Army statement, which said the ship was struck at night, pre sumably by U-boat torpedoes, point ed out that the enemv probably does not know fully of the success of the attack, and that for this reason the date of the sinking was not dis closed. A number of American transports have been lost in this war, but none with such a toll of life. Approxi mately a year ago the Navy dis closed sinking of two cargo-pas senger vessels in the Atlantic, loaded with Army, Navy, Coast Guard and civilian personnel. Six hundred of the 900 on one ship were lost, and approximately half the 500 on the other. The President Coolidge hit a mine in the South Pacific October 26. 1942, but only ; five lives were lost while between 4,500 and 6,000. men were saved. Forty-three servicemen died in the sinking of the tender Langley and another 43 soldiers on miscel laneous merchant vessels. The War Department announce ment said: “Military security now permits announcement of the sinking, due (See TRANSPORT,~Page A-3.) London Polish Circles See Cabinet Changes To Placate Russia Decisions on Moscow's Boundary Proposals Reported Sent to Stalin By the Associatec. Press. LONDON, Feb. 18.—London Poles said today that the exiled Polish cabinet may bow to Mos cow's demands and resign, there by enabling Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyk to form a new gov ernment acceptable to and ca pable of dealing with Russia. Although reports of a possible res ignation were denied in official Polish circles, Poles in close touch with the exiled government admit privately that cabinet changes are possible to meet Soviet demands for removal of some of the mem bers Moscow has accused of being anti-Russian. Other reports said, meanwhile, that the cabinet's decisions on Mos cow's newest boundary proposals were being transmitted to Premier Stalin by Prime Minister Churchill. The British Prime Minister was said to have sent one message to Stalin earlier in the week and is now pre paring a second message, possibly telling him that the Poles might be prepared to accept the boundary terms and order the Polish under ground to take up arms against the Germans alongside the Russians. Would Remove Two Snags. Acceptance of Moscow's boundary proposals and an order to the under ground to collaborate with the Red Army would remove two of the greatest stumbling blocks to Rus sian-Polish accord, leaving changes within the Polish government the principal remaining problem. For mation of a new government appar ently would solve that last major ob stacle. Russia’s boundary proposals, as re ported unofficially yesterday, would fix Poland's western border along a line extending from Kolberg, in Pomerania, through Oppelin, in Up in Silesia, giving the German South ern Baltic port of Koenigsberg tc Russia and Danzig to Poland. Ac cording to this reported plan, Po land's eastern boundary would ex tend along a modified Curzon line with Vilna and Lwow in Russian hands. Germany would lose East Prussia and possibly the Northeast ern Baltic tip of Germany proper in these changes. Conflicting Reports on Red Views. There were, however, conflicting reports as to Russia's views on the new boundary lines. “Unassailable sources" quoted by the London News Chronicle said Russia would listen to no outside suggestions for modifying the Rus sian-Polish frontier as Moscow now defines it—the German-Russian border established In 1939. “Everything up to that line is to Moscow as much a part of the USSR as Moscow itself,” these sources were quoted as saying. “Nothing can alter that.” Italy's No. 1 Nazi Killed In Brenner Pass Raid By the Associated Press. MADRID, Feb. 18.—Allied bomb ers attacking the railway through the Brenner Pass February 8 killed Otto Platte, 48, Northern Italy’s No, 1 Nazi. Nazis Evacuate Staraya Russa To Shorten Line Russians Liquidate Divisions Trapped In Dnieper Bend Ej the Associater Press. LONDON, Feb. 18.—The Berlin radio today announced the Ger man evacuation last night of Staraya Russa, heavily-forti fied railway station just south of Lake Ilmen on the Baltic front. Evacuation of Staraya Russa, the Nazis mightiest base between Lenin grad and Smolensk, in a broadening crackup of defenses seemed to pre sage complete German abandonment of Northern Russia. The withdrawal, according to the broadcast, was made in order "to shorten the front line and gain fur ther operational reserves" and was carried out "without interference” after military installations were de stroyed. A Moscow war bulletin said Rus sian forces striking south from Luga toward Pskov captured the town of Malaya Utorgosh. severing the mam highway between Feofilova-Pustin and Shimsk. Malaya Utorgosh is 67 miles northeast of Pskov. Trapped Nazis Liquidated. Meanwhile, nine days after re jecting a Russian ultimatum to sur render, remnants of 10 German divi sions and 1 brigade trapped in the i upper Dnieper bend were liquidated ■ by Soviet troops yesterday in the i greatest single Nazi disaster since | the battle of Stalingrad, Moscow announced today. j German losses in the battle, which | began five days before the surrender I ultimatum, totaled 52.000 killed and 11.000 taken prisoner, said a tri umphant order of the day by Pre mier Stalin, which praised Gen. Ivan S. Konev and his 2d Ukrain ian Army for achieving the victorv. In addition, another 21,900 Nazis were slain in vain efforts to smash the Russian cordon around the trapped enemy from the southwest, the Russians said, bringing the overall German death toll to nearly 74,000. About 2,000 or 3.000 German offi cers escaped from the trap by plane, said a communique of the Soviet in formation bureau, which was broad cast by the Moscow radio. Many Commit Suicide. Adolf Hitler had ordered the ! trapped troops to hold their pasi j tions at all costs, Moscow said, and i gave "direct instructions to the en i circled German officers and men to commit suicWe ifr their position be came hopeless.” Many did so, ac cording to the Soviet communique. The Russian communique said the j last phase of the battle was fought i in frost and snowstorms which fol j lowed days of mild weather in which : the Red Army troops were forced to i carry all them supplies by hand [ when their transport was mired by j rain and mud. I "Abondoning artillery and trans port the enemy launched his last desperate attempt to break out of the encirclement which had nar rowed down to its limit,” the war bulletin said. "Early in the morn j ing German troops attacked in columns. Our troops met the j Hitlerites with powerful artillery, I mortar, rifle and machine-gun Are. ! Scattered groups of Germans threw | themselves hither and thither, but ! nowhere found an escape from the iron ring. 54 Nazi Tanks Lost. "Our tankmen and infantrymen breaking into the middle of the enemy, wiped out the Hitlerites Many surrendered. By the end of the day our troops completed the liquidation. • • *” In addition to the heavy losses in flicted on the besieged Nazis, Moscow said Marshal Fritz von Mannstein's final counterattacks yesterday from outside the Red Army's encircling lines cost him 1.800 men and 54 tanks and self-propelled guns. Of the booty captured in the 100 square-mile trap, Stalin's order of the day said: "The entire German equipment and war material was captured by our troops." Van Mannstein, who used eight tank divisions and hundreds of planes in his attempts to lift the seige, lost in addition to the 21.900 men killed, 320 planes, including 179 Junkers, 52 tri-motored transport planes, 600 tanks and 372 guns, be tween February 5 and February 17, the Soviet Information Bureau said Nazis Credit Churchill's Success to Poker Skill By the Associated Press. LISBON, Feb. 18.—The secret of Prime Minister Churchill’s states manship, the Nazis now declare, is “his aptitude for the American game of poker.” Robert Ley, leader of the German Labor Front, asserts in an article on Mr. Churchill in the newspaper Dei Angrifl that “the whole political se cret of this man is his gambler's character. Churchill is a pokei player.” * “This curious game consists of ir ritating one’s opponent into over reaching himself.” Ley adds, “Thus only a person with an aptitude foi falsehood, bluff and hyprocisy can achieve a mastery of poker.” Germans7 Head-on Assaults Hurled Back at Anzio \ E? the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Feb. 18.—Allied troops, moving up under cover of a six hour barrage from hundreds of guns, one of the most intense of the Mediterranean war, attacked the town of Cassino and the slopes of Mount Cassino before dawn this morning. At the same time Allied headquar ters announced that American and British troops on the beachhead be low Rome, with the aid of one of the greatest air umbrellas ever raised in this theater, had beaten back head-on attacks made by the Ger mans in an effort to drive the Allies into the sea at any'cost. The attack on Cassino and Mon astery Hill was with the benefit of a deadly hail of steel which switched like a whip from the town to the mountain apd back again where the Germans were holding out in pill boxes in the torn and battle-black ened houses and around the ruined Monte Cassino Monastery. Troops Attack Town. The fire from these pillboxes pre vented the initial attempts to oc | cupv the crest of the hill just after j a terrific bombing by Flying Fort j resses and other aircraft which lev elled the ancient abbey Tuesday. Just before the barrage ended j troops went into the attack against ’ the town, where they have been ! inching forward for nearly two ; weeks in close-quarter combat in j the streets and where they al ready held approximately one-third I ! of the city. The violent cannon fire seemed like a prelude to an all-out attack by American infantry which has been checkmated at Cassino more than a month. Once it falls, the gateway I to the Liri Valley leading to Rome is breached irreparably and the Yanks will be astride the Via Casi j lina. Nazis Attempt Frontal Attack. In the fighting around the Anzio beachhead, the Nazis attempted a frontal attack straight down the 10 mile stretch of road from Corro iceto to Anzio, apparently willing to; ;take enormous lasses to carry out Adolf Hitler’s demand that the British and Americans be driven off their springboard. But they were met by the terrific smash from Allied air might, in cluding hundreds of Flying Fort resses and Liberators. Showering the enemy with thous ands of anti-personnel and fragmen tation bombs and other missiles, the , big bombers attacked all aiong just behind the Germans' front. Clearing weather permitting the air forces to take off in strength also saw swarms of medium and fighter bombers roaming the battle i area and plastering the enemy al |most at will. Allied airmen carried out 1,500 sorties, a record number. Bitter Fighting Rages. Although this had the effect of pinning down German armor and infantry, bitter fighting still was raging along the beachhead. Besides making his main effort down the Via Anziate toward Anzio, the enemy also struck in the Cis terna area. Two regiments pene trated into Allied lines, but Allied headquarters said the American British position was re-established by prompt counterattacks. At other points, too, German thrusts were repulsed before any breakthrough was achieved. As in launching their offensive Wednesday morning, the Germans supported their drives with intense artillery fire, and sent larger than usual formations of their air force to support the drive,- sending out 185 sorties. Nazis Bomb Troops. In some cases these German air men broke through the Allied sky patrols and bombed Allied troops. American heavy bombers flew al most double their previous record of close support sorties, however, while i See ITALY, Page A-3.) STILL HE M WONT COME xl^DOWNJ^ Appeal Court Upholds Denial of Sleuart Injunction on OPA Customer Curtailment Slated to Become Effective Next Friday The Court of Appeals today affirmed a District Court de cision denying the oil firm of L. P. Steuart & Bro., Inc., an in junction to prevent the Office of Price Administration from en-: forcing a suspension order against the firm for violations of oil rationing regulations. The OPA order cut back the number of customers the Setuart firm could serve to those on its books during the 12-month period ending October 22. 1942. The suspension order was issued December 31. to become effective January 15, but has been held in abeyance pending action on the case by the Court of Appeals. Under judgment of the higher tribunal, the order now is scheduled to become effective next Friday. Today’s decision, written bv Jus tice Henry W. Edgerton, held the suspension order was not imposed "for punitive purposes.” This was asserted in answer to the firm's claim that the suspension order was "penal’’ in nature. The court said also that the firm "had shown a strong inclination to disregard that program. It had not merely violated the program but had informed the hearing administrator, in effect, that it 'conceived its first duty to be the supplying of its cus tomers^nd that conformity with the requirements of the rationing system was subordinate thereto.’ "This comes to saying that appel lant deliberately determined, as a matter of general policy, to meet what it considered the needs of its customers whether or not thev had rationing evidence. Since violation of the law was willful, statutory penalties of fine and imprisonment might have been invoked. But in stead of seeking to punish, the Gov-! ernment sought to prevent.” The court added: "The order, therefore, tends, in a most direct way, to promote the program. No doubt it tends also to promote the program in an indirect way by in dicating that violation may not pay. But an incidental minority effect does not turn a remedial order into a penal one. The fact that the sus pension order protects the public directly, by allocating oil away from a dealer who is disposed to violate the rationing program and toward other dealers, sharply distinguishes it from fines and penalties.” Justice Justin Miller and Justice Thurman W. Arnold concurred in the decision. President Again Laughs Off 1944 Queries President Roosevelt again parried questions today as to his political intentions. A reporter at his press conference recalled Vice President Wallace's statement yesterday that the Presi dent would be re-elected this year and asked, "Do you think he is a very good prophet?" You're at it again, the President responded. Another reporter chimmed in to say that Mr. Wallace was not so sure of himself. The President told him to keep on going, adding that it was good lor a laugh. Some one wanted to know who was at it again, and the President said, you fellows. New York Cathedral Smeared by Vandals Crude Designs Painted At St. Patrick's By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Feb. 18.—Doors and stone walls of St. Patrick's Cathe dral today were found smeared with designs crudely drawn with bright red paint. Police said the designs were in the shape of question marks with diagonal lines running through them. Other observers said the de signs resembled the hammer and sickle emblem of the Communits party. Catholic Church officials hastened to the building, at Fifteenth street and Fifth avenue, on discovery of the vandalism. Bishop J. Francis A. McIntyre. Auxiliary Bishop of the New York diocese, and Msgr. Joseph F. Flan nelly, administrator of St. Patrick's, watched with police officials as work men removed the paint. Two of the designs were smeared on the south main doors on the Fifth avenue side. Single smears were on the Fifty-first street entrance and the north transept door. Others were on stone walls along the curb on Fifty-first street, and on the church wall on that side. Archbishop Francis J. Spellman was notified of the vandalism, but there was no comment from any of the church leaders. Sandy Herd, 75, Dies; Noted British Golfer Fy the Associated Press. LONDON, Feb. 18. — Alexander (Sandy) Herd. 75, winner of the British Open golf championship in 1902, died today of pneumonia. Anne Bullitt, Engaged to Marine Lieutenant, Weds Fort Meade Sergeant; Father Surprised By EDWARD A. HARRIS, Washington Correspondent of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Nineteen-year-old Anne Bul litt. whose engagement to a ma rine officer was announced last October by her father, William C. Bullitt, former Ambassador to Russia and France, was married quietly at Fort Meade late yes terday to an Army man. Staff Sergt. Caspar W. B. (Cappy) Townsend, jr. The bride told the writer last night at Laurel that she had been "unable to communicate" ‘With her father to apprise him of the wedding. "Cappy and I are very happy about the whole thing,” she said. “We were married at the post be cause Cappy couldn’t get away.” They have known each other for several years as both are members of Philadelphia families. Mr. Bullitt, reached by telephone at New York today by this corre spondent, was advised of the mar riage for the first time. In shocked tones he said: "What?” The state ment was repeated to him and again he asked, after a long pause: “What did you say?” After it was repeated | a third time, and he was told whom his daughter had married, there was a long pause. Then he said: “I have —no comment,” and hung up. Miss Bullitt, who left Washington last week to visit friends in New York, Joined the bridegroom yester day afternoon at Fort Meade, where ANNE BULLITT. —A. P. Photo. Sergt. Townsend is stationed. They were married by the camp chaplain, the Rev. Charles E. Kennedy, who was unaware of Miss Bullitt’s full identity. The maid of honor was Miss Isabel D. Russell of New York. Sergt. Townsend, 23, is the son of a Philadelphia attorney. He at tended St. Mark’s School, South boro, Mass., and was graduated from Yale University in 1942. Last October 12, the day after Miss Bullitt resigned as a Navy Depart ment employe, Mr. Bullitt announced her engagement to .Second Lt. Daniel Baugh Brewster, jr.. Marine Corps, of Brookeville. Md. He was stationed then at Quantico, Va. He is a son of Mrs. William Francis Cochran, jr.. and the late Daniel Baugh Brew ster and is well known in social circles. After attending St. Paul's School at Concord, N. H., Lt. Brew ster left Princeton University to en list as a private. Anne said her engagement to Lt. Brewster was terminated "by mu tual consent” more than two months ago, while Lt. Brewster was still in training at Quantico. The bride often has been in the society headlines. She was known to Parisians as "the assistant Am erican Ambassador” during her fa ther’s tenure in France, and was hostess of the American Embassy in Paris when she was 15 years old. Miss Bullitt attended the Bement School, Deerfield, Mass.; Foxcroft School, Middleburg, Va., and schools in Paris and Vienna. Her debut in June. 1941, was an outstanding social event. The party, given at Meadow Farm, the Bullitt estate in Penllyn, near Philadelphia, was attended by more than 1,000 guests from New York, Washington and Philadelphia. She was in the news most recently last month, when she sponsored the launching of a destroyer escort at Wilmington, Del., built for the French. Shortly before that she and her father escaped Injury in the At lantic Coast Line train wreck. In which more than 70 were killed. WMC Upholds 12.7% Of Father Deferments In Federal Agencies Only 1,514 Appeals Approved, Puryear Tells House Hearing Bv MIRIAM OTTENBERG. Deferment for only 1,514 fa thers in the Government service, or 12.7 per cent of the first 11.943 cases considered, has been ap proved so far by the War Man power Commission Review Com mittee on Government Defer ments, Edgar Puryear, Review Committee chairman, told a House Military Affairs subcom mittee today. Among those whose deferment wai asked by the War Shipping Admin istration—and promptly denied b; the committee—was a trombom player. Attacked by the subcommittee in vestigating draft deferments at ih meeting Monday, point credits foi age and number of children did not appear on the deferment point charl submitted by the Review Committei today. At the same time. Mr. Pur year revealed the Review Committe* is considering limiting deferment requests to four months. 38,525 Requests Submitted. The Review Committee, Mr. Pur year said, has completed action or fathers in 34 agencies out of the 51 agencies which have submitted de ferment requests. A total of 38.52J requests have been submitted. Mr. Puryear replied to testimony, of the District Draft Board chair men. who were witnesses Monday by denying that draft boards auto matically grant the deferment re quests approved by the Review Com mittee. Mr. Puryear said 15 or 2< letters already have come to th< committee reporting that Govern ment requests have been denied bj the draft boards. The question of limiting Govern ment deferment requests to foui months arose after Representative Harness, Republican, of Indiana declared that if the 60-dav defer ment order holding up induction o: fathers in the Government was fail it should have applied to fathers ir private industry, too, and Repre sentative May, Democrat, of Ken tucky and chairman of the full Mil itary Affairs Committee, accused th< Review Committee of retarding th< flow of men into the armed forces. v/ucsuonen ttegarding Musician. The committee fastened on thf trombone player when Mr. Puryeai included -musician” on the long lisi of occupations for which agencies hac requested deferments. When severa committee members, led by Mr. May wanted to know the name of the agency making the deferment re quest for the musician. Mr. Puryeai declined the information on the ground it would be embarrassing, bul he offered to do so in executive ses sion. The committee brushed hi) offer aside and he revealed that the man was employed in the War Ship ping Administration's Orchestra. Mr. Puryear, assisted by E. J O'Boyle, who is in charge of rating men on the point system, gave these indications of how the committee is working: Men in administrative work and those with some degree of technical knowledge and ability get two points for being “extremely essential.” A petroleum engineer in the Petroleum Administration for War was given as an example. A man would, get no credit for re placeability if a number of people are doing the same work. Experience Counts. Experience in Government and in dustry is a purely mathematica calculation and a file clerk with si> years experience in Government anc six years previous experience ir private industry could get foui points. t A man with several college degree; in line with his present work mighl get two points as "unusually quali fied” and a college graduate wh< may not be experienced in his pres ent work would get one point a; “somewhat qualified” because he has “a trained brain.” The Review Committee automati cally questions deferment request) of all economists but a radio repaii man probably would be approved foi deferment if he shows some experi ence. House Sustains President's Veto Of Subsidy Ban Vote Is 151 to 226 After Roosevelt Calls Bill Inflationary (Text of Message on Page A-12.) President Roosevelt today ve toed legislation outlawing con sumer subsidies after June 30, and the House, by a vote of 151 to 226 promptly sustained the Chief Executive, who had de clared that “its restrictive pro visions” would boost food costs 7 per cent and "raise the whole cost of living materially.” Acting in less than 24 hours after the antisubsidy measure reached the White House. Mr. Roosevelt in a message told Congress: “The bill presented to me would destroy the stabilization program. I cannot ac cept responsibility for its disastrous consequences. ’ With 377 Representatives present opponents were able to muster only 1226 votes, falling short of the two thirds required to override a veto. Earlier at his press conference, the President indicated the pos sibility of a veto of the $2,315,000,000 new tax bill when he told reporters that he would send a message on it to Congress either Monday or Tuesday. Asked what would be In the tax message. Mr. Roosevelt said with a laugh that it would be discourteous (to Congress to disclose its contents. The present bill falls far short of the $10,500,000,000 revenue program asked by the administration, and congressional leaders have predicted that the President would veto the measure since he feels that It also has other vital defects. Warns of Inflation. The antisubsidy bill. Mr. Roosevelt said, “is an inflation measure, a high-cost-of-living measure, a food shortage measure.” The legislation proposes to end Government subsidy payments for food and would extend the life of the Commodity Credit Corp. until June 30. 1945. Mr. Roosevelt said that it. In ef fect, would reverse a congressional policy and repeal the Economio Stabilization Act. i He said no major waning nation had been able to stabilize living costs without subsidies, and that he .did not see how the wage line could I be held if the bill bfcame law. 1 Once that line breaks, he asserted, 1 food costs will rise still further and i all other costs will go up. including • those of munitions and supplies for , the armed forces.! i Mr. Roosevelt urgently recom I mended that Congress extend the j life of the CCC, "without hampering i restrictions,” as soon as possible so jthat farmers can make plans for .planting with knowledge of support (Prices on which they can depend. CCC Will Be Continued. | After the House vote Speaker Ray burn said the corporation would be continued by new legislation. The legislation, he contended, would boost costs for the Army and Navy by “many billions.” Further more, he said, not only would it cost every American family more to buy necessities, but it would cost more to run factories and farms, i “The weight of the increased bur den.” he said, “will fall on all of us. i but most of all on the unorganized workers and others who live on small and relatively fixed incomes, among whom are most of the de pendents of our fighting men.” 1 The subsidy repeal measure re ceived top heavy majorities in both houses. It passed the House. 278 to 117, November 23 and the Senate, 43 to 28, last week. The administration had sought subsidies in the amount of $1,500, 000.000 for the purpose of holding | down retail food prices during 1944. Key Foods Covered. The cost of subsidies on about 17 key food commodities, including meats, butter, sugar, milk and bread, exceeded $1,000,000,000 last .year. Price Administrator Chester Bowles has predicted food prices would rise at least 7 per cent with out subsidies. The bill authorizes the continu 1 See VETO, Page A-12.) Axis fo Be Dismembered, Eden Teiis Commons By the AssociaU-i Press. LONDON, Feb. 18.—Germany and other enemy nations can expect to be dismembered after their defeat, : Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden in dicated in Commons today. ? The Atlantic Charter clause which opposes territorial changes not in accord with freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned is not re garded as applying to enemy coun tries. he said in reply to a question. Meanwhile. Russia's proposal for handling a defeated Germany were reported to have been presented to | the European Advisory Commission. British and American views already jhave been given the commission, which acts merely in an advisory capacity tc the Big Three Allied governments. A tight lid of censorship has been placed on all proceedings of the commission. Representative Beall Hurt in Auto Crash Representative Beall, Republican, of Maryland suffered a shoulder in jury today when the automobile he was driving was in collision with a trailer truck at Third street and Adams drive S.W., in the Mall. Mr. Beall was treated at the Cap i itol by Dr. George W. Calver. Cap itol physician, and later transferred to the Naval Medical Center at Be thesda for X-rays of his injured shoulder. According to police, the truck was driven by Morgan Defee, Sanford, N. C., who was charged with failing to yield the right of way. The trailer is owned by the Childress Transpor tation Co. of Sanford.