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Fair, mild; low near 34 tonight. To morrow cloudy, occasional rain. Temperatures today—Highest, 51, at 12:01 g.m.; lowest, 39, at 7:55 a.m.; 50at 1:30 p.m. Yesterday—High, 69, at 4 p.m. (record this year); low, 35, at 6:05 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-15. |&$|g|jj Sf - V V J v V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION L/ Guide for Readers page. Amusements A-il Comics.B-14-15 Editorials .A-8 Editl Articles...A-9 Finance .A-15 Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary ..A-14 Radio .B-15 * Society _B-3 Sports .A-12-13 Where to Go . B-4 Woman's Page B-14 An Assoc io ted Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,458. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1944-THIRTY-TWO PAGES. *** ItfmSSu THREE CENTS. 55MT™ U.S. Flyers Again BlastGermany After RAF Joins2-Way Assaults In 1,000-Plane Schweinfurt Raid 156 Nazi Aircraft Downed Yesterday By Americans BULLETIN. LONDON (/P).-—Great forma tions of American heavy bombers today smashed at aircraft plants at Regensburg, Stuttgart and other targets deep in Germany. Bj the Associated Press. LONDON, Feb. 25.—The RAF last night joined in the two-way assault on the German aircraft industry, flying 1,000 bombers from Britain to Schweinfurt and other formations from Italy to Steyr, after the United States Air Force hit the same targets in simultaneous blows from both the western and southern bases and shot down 156 Nazi planes. Today great fleets of daylight bombers crossed the Channel to carry the great raids into their sixth consecutive day. The RAF’s night-riding bombers were guided to both targets by the flaming wreckage left only a few hours before by the American day light raiders. The British bombs added still further damage to Schweinfurt's sprawling ball-bearing plants and to the German aircraft factory at Steyr, in old Austria. Bombers Down 83 Planes. In announcing results of yester day’s raids, United States headquar ters said 8th Air Force bombers downed 83 Nazi planes during their attacks on Schweinfurt and fighter plane factories at Gotha while their accompanying fighters accounted for 37 others in terrific air battles Bombers of the 15th Air Force at tacking Steyr bagged 36 Nazi fighters. The Britain-based American forces lost 49 bombers and 10 fighters; the Italy-based formations lost 16 For tresses and 3 fighters with 2 other fighters missing, and the RAF’s night losses were 35 bombers. In Tuesday’s two-way punch, the first of the series of simultaneous assaults from west and south, the combined American forces shot down 133 German fighters. The British announcement said last night's heavy assault on Schweinfurt actually was carried out in two separate raids. Fires Still Burning. “Schweinfurt, the German center of ball-bearing production, was the main objective and was attacked twice during the night," it said. “Fires started yesterday by the United States 8th Air Force were still burning on the arrival of our first force. “The target was effectively marked and by the end of the second attack a great conflagration was seen with smoke rising to a great height. “Objectives in Northwest Ger many also were bombed and a very extensive mine-laying program was completed. Thirty-five of our air craft are missing.” RAF crewmen returning to Italy from the night raid on the Steyr area said they attacked built up areas and railroads as well as the aircraft factory. They dropped their missies in the midst of the flames started by the Americans yesterday. They also reported heavy flak and some night fighters. One Mosquito Missing. Another announcement said that of all the formations of American Marauder bombers and RAF me dium and light bombers which pounded Northern France and Hol land yesterday, only one Mosquito bomber failed to return. The 9th Air Force’s fleet of Ma rauders went roaring back over Bel gium and Holland this morning. In the afternoon military objec tives in Northern France were hit by Boston, Mitchell and Mosquito bombers, escorted by Typhoons and Spitfires. An American communique issued here said the two-way attacks yes terday “marked the fourth day this week a major offensive has been continued against aircraft factories and related industries by the largest number of planes ever dispatched against the Reich”—a statement suggesting the forces involved yes terday at least approached Sun day’s record force of 2,000 planes, half of them bombers. In the first five days this week, the American four-engined aerial forces in Britain were idle onlyone day—Wednesday—but on that day the Italian contingent kept the ball rolling- by making their first attack on Steyr. The Americans called yester day's Schweinfurt attack just an other milk run, but elsewhere the Nazis put up a stiff fight. On the Gotha operation, the sky was said to have been so full of blazing wreckage of planes that pilots had to pick their way through. Many of the bombers came home seriously crippled. Man Convicted of Attempt To Kill Duce is Purge Chief Bs the Associated Press. NAPLES, Feb. 25.—Tito Zaniboni, a Socialist who spent 18 years in prison for an alleged attempt to assasinate Benito Mussolini, has been appointed high commissioner of national purging by Premier Badoglio to investigate and try pro FascLst Italians. Zaniboni was arrested and tried with Gen. Luigi Capello in 1925. charged with setting up a gun in a hotel window facing the Chigi Palace in Rome where Mussolini had his offices, with the intention of firing on him when he appeared on the balcony. Sentenced to 30 years in prison, Zaniboni was released /last year shortly before the fall of Mussolini, because of his poor health. Ramirez Forced Out, Gen. Farrell Takes Over Presidency By the Associated Press. MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, Feb. 25.—A reactionary Army clique, opposed to Argentina’s break with the Axis, forced President Pedro Ramirez to delegate his presidential powers to Vice Presi dent Edelmiro J. Farrell today in what was regarded as another palace coup. Benito Sueyro, Navy Minister, has resigned in the midst of the shakeup, it was disclosed. Gen. Farrell is an intimate friend of Col. Juan Domingo Peron, secre tary of labor and welfare in the Ramirez government and frequently mentioned as the mainspring of the reactionary GOU—or “colonels’ group.” Only last week the GOU had been credited with forcing the resig nation of Foreign Minister Alberto Gilbert after reports that he favored a declaration of war against Ger many. An official announcement from Buenos Aires declaring that Gen. Ramirez had not resigned but had delegated his powers to the Vice President because of ill health was viewed by diplomats here as an ef fort to present Gen. Farrells as (See ARGENTINA, Page A-14.) Stettinius Asserts Security Questions May Be Raised By BLAIR BOLLES. Acting Secretary of State Stet tinius declared today that re ports available to him on the Argentine coup in which Gen. Pedro Ramirez surrendered the presidency to Gen. Edelmiro J. Farrell gave “ground for con cern” and may raise questions “affecting the security of the hemisphere.” Mr. Stettinius said at his press conference that the sitiAtion might call for an exchange of information and views between all the Ameri can republics. It is too soon to comment on the question of recognition, Mr. Stet tinius said in reply to a question. Information Fragmentary. The Acting Secretary emphasized his deep concern over Argentine de velopments, and said the State De partment’s information was frag mentary and based on reports from Ambassador Norman Armour in Buenos Aires and press and radio dispatches. Mr. Stettinius was unable to say whether force had bden used in obtaining the resignation of Gen. Ramirez, who made a concession to the United States in January by severing relations with the Axis. A precedent for nonrecognition (See STETTINIUS, Page A-14.f~ U. S. Expresses Deep Concern Over Shake-up in Argentina Germans Quit Vitebsk After Reds Capture Rogachev and Dno Nazis Fall Back Toward Old Polish Frontier From White Russian Stronghold (Map on Page A-14.) Ey the Associate? Press. LONDON, Feb. 25.—German troops have evacuated the great White Russian stronghold of Vitebsk and are falling back to ward the old Polish frontier, 70 miles to the west, Berlin an nounced today. The announcement followed close by a Moscow communique declaring Russian troops had taken Rogachev, German bastion 150 miles south of Vitebsk, and the railway junction of Dno, 60 miles east of Pskov, Ger man-held gateway to the Baltics. 1 Moscow did not immediately an nounce the fall of Vitebsk, however. The German Transocean News Agency, in a Berlin broadcast re corded here by the Ministry of In formation, said Vitebsk, important junction of four trunk railways and under siege by Red Army troops since last November, was evacuated only after bitter fighting. An earlier Berlin broadcast had acknowledged the “evacuation” of Roeachev. Reds Report Line Smashed. The German high command's communique, broadcast later today, did not mention Vitebsk but con firmed evacuation of Rogachev. Moscow army authorities declared Hitler’s Rogachev-Vitebsk line, one of the strongest on the Russian front, is smashed. Red Army men streamed across the ice of the Dnieper River which forms a large part of the line, dispatches said. Moscow has not announced the capture of Vitebsk. “Fighting became particularly bit ter at the two focal points of Roga chev and Vitebsk,” Transocean said. “It was quite evident that the Soviet command was aiming at break throughs here and was sparing no sacrifices in order to achieve them. Stalin Reports 15-Mile Advance. “Nevertheless, German troops suc ceeded in coping with these strong attacks by elastic adaptation. In the course of these tactics, the two towns were evacuated. “In the Vitebsk area Soviet troops succeeded in penetrating German lines southeast of the town, but this penetration was sealed.” Premier Stalin, in one of two or ders of the day issued in Moscow, announced earlier that Gen. Con stantine Rokossovsky’s army, in a new offensive north of the Pripet Marshes, had stormed and captured Rogachev and had advanced 15 miles on a 30-mile-wide front, tak ing more than 30 towns and villages. One Soviet formation alone killed 4,000 enemy troops, captured many prisoners and quantities of war ma terial, including 62 big guns, the announcement said. The fall of Rogachev and Vitebsk —the former a rail town 15 miles north of Zhlobin, junction point on the Vitebsk-Gomel and Gomel Minsk railways—was viewed here as an indication that the Russians in tend mountaing a new offensive aimed at the White Russian capital af Minsk, less than 100 miles west of the nearest Russian lines on this rapidly changing front. Late Bulletin D. C. Passes 'E' Bond Goal The first of six State organ izations in the 5th Federal Reserve District to reach its “E” War Bond quota, the Dis trict of Columbia has over subscribed its series “E” goal of $30,000,000, John A. Reilly, chairman of the District War Finance Committee, an- < nounced today. i 5th Army Improves Anzio Position Despite Two Light Attacks Artillery Fire Breaks Up Nazi Thrust at French On Cassino Front By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NAPLES, Peb. 25. — German forces ringing the Anzio beach head, now swollen to 10 divisions, made two light, fruitless attacks on American-British lines yes terday southwest of Carroceto as the 5th Army steadily im proved its positions, it was an nounced today. The enemy in light force also at tacked French positions on Monte Abate, a mile and a half east of Terelle on the Cassino front to the sast of the beachhead* but artillery fire broke up the thrust and on the lower Garigliano sector German probing attempts were blocked. Despite a 7-inch snowfall in the mountains around Cassino, Allied troops improved their positions on Monte Castellone in the mountains west of the village of Cairo, mid way between Cassino and Terelle. Artillery Disperses Nasi Tanks. The new German division added to the nine which have been con taining the Anzio beachhead for some days was said to have been brought from Northern Italy. It was identified as the 362d Infantry. The two beachhead attacks were launched by only a company of in fantry in each case—usually about 200 men. They were repulsed with heavy lasses, it was announced. Allied artillery got the range of a German tank concentration in the Carroceto area and forced it to dis perse. Although the Germans maintained close contact against the Allied beachhead, the passing of another day, the fifth, without major de velopments gave the 5th Army valu able time to strengthen its defenses against an expected third full-scale German offensive. The Germans continued to make a number of nuisance infiltrations around Allied outposts south of the Nazis’ main rallying point at Carro ceto, but a 5th Army spokesman said these were being kept under control. Patrols sent out by the British 8th Army found German positions still firm. Allied mortar fire tore into a considerable German move ment in the Arielli area inland from the Adriatic coast. Mediterranean air forces flew 950 sorties yesterday in operations rang ing from a second heavy bomber at tack in two days on an aircraft parts factory at Steyr, Austria, to routine patrols over the beachhead where only four German planes were observed during the day. Fair Weather Continues, Rain Is Due Tomorrow Washington’s preview of spring will continue today, the Weather Bureau said. Although it won’t be quite so warm as yesterday, when a high of 69 degrees was recorded at 4 p.m., the temperature is expected to stay in the 50’s most of the day. Thousands of Washingtonians crowded parks and playgrounds yes terday to enjoy the balmy weather. There is just one discordant note. The Weather Bureau forecasts oc casional rain tomorrow. Nazis Claim 3 Vessels Hit in Convoy Attack By the Associated Presa. LONDON, Feb. 25.—The Berlin radio broadcast a DNB dispatch to day asserting that German motor torpedo boats torpedoed three ves sels last night in an attack on a British convoy in the English Chan nel off Great Yarmouth. At least one vessel was sunk, ac cording to the broadcast, which was recorded by the Associated Press. Two Fake Army Officers Seized In $35-a-Day Hotel Suite Here Fugitives Accused of Obtaining Thousands In Bad Checks Were Living in Lavish Style Two escaped long-term mili tary prisoners, posing as Army officers and entertaining promi nent Washingtonians at dinner in a $35-a-day hotel suite while music from a rented “juke” box was being played, were arrested at the Shoreham Hotel last night, the Justice Department announced today. The two pleaded guilty to charges of impersonating Army officers, il legally wearing uniforms and vio lation of the National Stolen Prop erty Act when arraigned today be fore United States Commisisoner Needham C. Turnage. They were ordered held in $10,000 bail each for action of the grand jury. Douglas Ray Allred, 20, former bank employe in Portland, Oreg., and Edward Richard Malone, jr„ 18, former Brooklyn schoolboy, the two who were arrested by agents, are accused of passing several thousand dollars’ worth of fradulent checks. Arriving in Washington February 5, the two men lived lavishly. Allred had $710 in cash when he was taken in custody, apcording to Director J. Edgar Hoover of the FBI. Allred posed as “Maj. Allen Ward” and Malone as “Capt. J. E. Daley,” the FBI said. FBI agents arrived at the hotel suite last night while a dinner party for eight guests was in full swing. Unable to produce credentials, “Maj. Wade” and “Capt. Daley” left with FBI agents and in subsequent ques tioning admitted they escaped January 31 from Fort Knox. Ky„ where they were serving sentences for repeated Infractions of military laws, the FBI said. The identity of the prominent Washingtonians was not revealed. This is how the two financed themselves, according to the FBI: After escaping from Fort Knox the two said they hitchhiked to Cin cinnati, where a fraudulent check provided $100. They went to Dayton, Ohio. February 4 and there obtained $1,450 in cash by passing worthless checks. On February 5 the pair reached Washington by plane. FBI agents say Allred informed them he opened a bank account three days later with a worthless check after giving his name as “Capt. Ralph Maryers.” He told a bank teller graphic stories of action abroad and said he had shot down 21 enemy planes, the FBI said. Allred said he cashed a $200 check on this account, but added he had withdrawn $1,350 from an other bank, where he opened a similar worthless account for $5,700 on February 15. Allred estimated he had spent $1,500 for military uniforms alone since arriving here. Met at Fort Knox. The FBI said Allred and Malone became acquainted while serving sentences at Fort Knox. They went absent without leave in mid-No vember and were arrested by military authorities three weeks later in Chicago. They again escaped late in December, but were caughrt in St. Louis after a few days of free dom, and given long sentences. The FBI said Allred was born in Helper. Utah, but had lived in Port land since he was a year old. He attended the Univfersity of Cali <See PRISONERsTPage~A-14.) Japanese Admit Loss Of 4,500 Men at Kwajalein and Roi 2,000 Civilians Also Reported Annihilated In Marshalls Battles By the Associates Press. The Tokio radio acknowledged today that the Japanese garri sons of Kwajalein and Rio Is lands in the Marshalls group, totaling about 4,500 men, had been annihilated by American forces which seized those strong holds early this month. Broadcasts recorded by the United States Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service in New York quoted imperial headquarters as saying the last of the Japanese defenders of the islands had died February 6 in a final counterattack against the in vading American troops. In addition, the communique said, 2,000 civilians serving with the Jap anese forces had “fought in vigorous co-operation with the garrison units and shared the same fate.” The Japanese estimate of their losses was at variance with official American figures, which previously had placed the enemy dead on Kwajalein alone at 8,122, as com pared with 286 Americans killed. The Tokio broadcast came one day after Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commander of the Pacific Fleet, lifted radio silence on American warships’ recent operations in the Marshalls area and disclosed that aircraft carriers last Sunday sent out planes which concentrated dam aging blows on an unidentified atoll in the Eastern Marshalls. The Japanese radio earlier had re ported air attacks Sunday on the air base island of Taroa in Maloelap Atoll. Admiral Nimitz said Sunday’s raiders demolished a radio station, set Are to two hangars, hit stored ammunition, damaged barracks, docks, ground installations and a power station. Meanwhile, radio silence still pre vented reports on the accomplish ments of a big task force which sent hundreds of carrier planes last Tuesday against two bases in the Mariana Islands, 700 miles north west of Truk, the big Jap base in the Carolines. s At Allied headquarters in the South PaciAc, it was disclosed that American destroyers on Tuesday sank two more Japanese merchant (See PACIFIC, Page A-14.) Only 10 Pet. of Men In 3-A to Be Drafted, Selective Service Says House Subcommittee Told 420,000 in 1-A Will Be Called Selective Service plans to draft only 1 out of 10 of the 2.600,000 fathers now in the 3-A classi fication, it reported today to a House Military Affairs subcom mittee. Plans also call for the drafting of only 420.000 of the 1.500,000 men in the 1-A group, of whom a ma jority—862,332—are fathers, the re port said. Explaining the report to the sub committee. headed by Representa tive Costello, Democrat, of Cali fornia, Col. Francis Keesling said that it was the policy of selective service to keep fathers out of the armed forces as long as possible. As a result, it is “seriously con sidering" a ban on occupational de ferment of nonfathers up to the age of 26. He warned that industry should be preparing to replace its younger men, or otherwise it will face a grave manpower shortage. Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, Se lective Service director, appearing before the Senate Agriculture Com mittee today, also referred to the same situation, saying ‘It looks as if we would have to go to 26 years on industrial deferments before long.” Asked why so few fathers will be drafted. Col. Keesling explained that they are either being given occupational deferments or are re jected on their physical examina tion. Does Not Refer to Lag. Col. Keesling made no reference in the report to the fact that draft boards are more than 200,000 men behind schedule in meeting -calls for-the armed forces. The armed forces February 1 stood at 10,600,000 men. Selective Service will have to get the armed forces up to 11,300,000 men by July 1 and provide an addi tional 500,000 for replacements. Mr. Costello suggested that the 400,000 single farmers in the 18 to 21 age group should be drafted be fore industry suffers further man power losses. In reply, Col. Keesling said that this group, too, would be “disturbed.” The selective service representa tive made this statement shortly (See DRAFT, Page A-14.) 1,188 Dwelling Units In 4 NCHA Projects Listed ’For Rent' Reservations on 728 Are Released by Federal Agencies A total of 1,188 dwelling units in National Capital Housing Au thority war housing develop ments were listed "for rent” to day, as the result of the release of 728 units which for four months have been held vacant to aid specific war agency re cruiting campaigns. The vacancies, all for white families, are distributed among four NCHA properties: Lily Ponds Houses, Eastern and Anacostia ave nues N.E.: Fairway Houses, Silver Spring, Md.; Carry Houses. Suitland, Md., and Calvert Houses, between Riverdale and College Park, Md. Occupancy is restricted to families of war workers who at present are inadequately housed. In announcing release of the 728 units which had been reserved for future use by specific war agencies, Marvin Wire, director of the War Housing Center, explained that the agencies, planning to import addi tional employes, were given 120-day reservations last October 25 on 890 units. When 728 units still were va cant at the expiration of the 120-day period, the National Housing Agen cy decided not to renew the reser vations, Mr. Wire said. A spokesman for the NCHA pointed out that the release will have no im mediate effect on the housing situa tion here, because the agency al ready had 460 unreserved vacant units in the four developments. Mr. Wire emphasized that the large number of vacancies in the NCHA’s war housing does not mean the housing crisis here has been ended. The War Housing Center has no family accommodations and fewer than 200 rooms listed for Negro oc cupancy, he pointed out. Space for more than 3.000 white women is available in Government approved vacant rooms listed with the center, Mr. Wire reported, add ing that there will be no need for a city-wide appeal for home owners to take in roomers. He pointed out, how’ever. that five Government agencies—the FBI. Civil Service Commission and War, Navy and Treasury Departments— now are conducting extensive re cruiting campaigns in an effort to bring new employes to Washington. All space in Government dormi tories is filled, he said. The dormi tories at Arlington Farms no longer are accepting new residents on a permanent basis, but are taking them only for three days at $1.50 a day, he said. A proposal that an additional dormitory at Arlington Farms be turned over to tilte Navy Department by April for occupancy by WAVES is being considered, Mr. Wire said. More than 2,000 housekeeping units for white families have been reported to the War Housing Center as vacant, Mr, Wire said, adding most are in outlying areas. Senate Votes, 72-14, To Override Veto on Two-Billion Tax Bill Nation's Taxes Rise to Record 42 Billions Higher Postal Rates To Become Effective In 30 Days By the Associated ?ress. The Nation’s tax bill was in creased today by $2,315,000,000 to a new record total of more than $42,000,000,000 annually as the Senate followed the House in overriding President Roosevelt’s veto of the new tax bill. First general effects of the new legislation will be felt when higher postal rates become effective 30 days hence. On April 1 an increased schedule of excise taxes becomes effective, boosting the levies on cosmetics, furs, luggage and most jewelry to 20 per cent and hiking the tax on liquor from $6 to $9 a gallon of 100 proof spirits, making the total Fed eral tax on a 2-ounce drink of bond ed whisky at a bar approximately 11 cents. The legislation has no effect on the individual income tax returns due March 15 on 1943 income. Salient provisions of the new law include: 1. Increases in individual income taxes for 1944—to yield an additional $664,900,000. There is no general rate increase, the new revenue being derived through elimination of the (See RATES, Page JA-2.) President, Out of City, Is Recuperating From Attack of Influenza Isolates Himself From Reporters Who Followed Without Invitation j P: the Associated Press. WITH THE PRESIDENTIAL PARTY, Feb. 25. — President I Roosevelt, slow to shake oft a ! recent attack of influenza, is getting a measure of rest and .relaxation away from politically stormy Washington. He is isolated personally from representatives of the press. But it would be inaccurate to say that he is isolated also from the repercussions of his veto of the sec ond wartime tax bill since special facilities permit him almost instant communication with the White House. ! The Chief Executive himself had | disclosed that he was out of town when he urged Senate Majority Leader Barkley not to resign in pro test against the tax bill veto. No official explanation of his absence ;has been forthcoming. Weight Drops 10 Pounds. Mr. Roosevelt, however, contracted influenza shortly after Christmas ; and the case was severe enough tc drop his weight 10 pounds. His personal physician, Vice Admiral Ross T. Mclntire. had been urging him to get out of the Capital, to take it easy for a time and regain his strength. Admiral Mclntire has seen no cause for alarm over the condition of his number one patient, inasmuch as the after-effects of the flu were considered normal. When a storm of revolt broke in Congress over the tax veto and Sen ator Barkley announced he was quitting as majority leader. White House reporters immediately fol lowed the President out of town. They had no access to his retreat and were advised by members of his staff that no inquiries would be ac cepted or answered, and that any news or statements would be cleared through the White House in Wash ington. Acted Without Invitation. On only a few occasions since the Pearl Harbor attack have reporters been invited to travel with the Presi dent. This is the first instance in which, because of the importance of news developments, they have fol lowed the presidential party without invitation. _In Washington Stephen T. Early, (See ROOSEVELT" Page A-hT) Child Given to Mother by Court Taken From Her at D. C. Hotel Court Order Against Langan to Be Asked, Attorney Says BULLETIN. Attorneys for Miss Joan Manners, former British movie actress, said today they would seek a kidnaping war rant against her former hus band, John Langan, after her 10-year-old daughter Joan was carried off this morning in the Ambassador Hotel. Meanwhile, Mr. Langan’s at torneys said they would file a petition today in District Court asking that he be given custody of the child. Ten-year-old Joan Langan, who was turned over to her mother, fromer British Movie Actress Joan Manners, by a three-judge panel in Rockville Circuit Court yesterday after a five-year fight over custody of the child, was taken from her mother about 10:30 a.m. today JOAN LANGAN. —Star Statf Photo. as the two were entering the Hotel Ambassador dining room. Miss Manners, whose real name is (See MANNERS, Page A-2? Pepper Alone Raises Voice in Defense Of President (Text of Senator Barkley’t Letter on Page A-2.) By J. A. O’LEARY. The Senate today made the $2,315,000,000 new tax bill a law by overriding President Roose velt’s veto, 72 to 14, tor more than the necessary two-thirds majority. Voting to override were 39 Demo crats. 32 Republicans and 1 Pro gressive, while the 14 voting to sus tain the President were 13 Demo crats and 1 Republican—Senator Langer of North Dakota. The Senate’s vote marked another chapter in a congressional revolt against the White House that reached its climax when Senate Ma jority Leader Barkley resigned his party post only to be unanimously re-elected yesterday. On the eve of today’s vote, Sena tor Barkley sent the President a letter, conciliatory in tone, but stressing the importance of har mony and co-operation between all : branches of the Government in this !era of war. The Senate roll call today, before ! the largest gallery of spectators in recent years, was an anti-climax in that it was expected. The question uppermost in congressional minds was whether the events of the last few days would lead to better relations between the White House and the Capitol in the months to come. Question Waits Developments. That question can be answered oply by developments on the next major issue that arises, which may be the soldier vote bill, still in con ference. Senator Pepper, Democrat, of Florida, a stanch New Dealer, was the only legislator to raise his voioa in protest before the roll was called. Like a bleachers crowd at a foot ball game, the spectators jostled ; for seats in the gallery and stood ! two deep against the wall long be fore Vice President Wallace called the session to order. Gay chatter ing in the galleries stopped as the reading clerk began droning through * the President’s veto message which, although every Senator present knew its contents, was the body’s ! first official word on the Executive veto. Senator Barkley—key figure in ;the drama that marked the veto— arrived 11 minutes late. Tlie gallery visitors—a large section of them women—craned forward eagerly to watch him stroll down the aisle and take his seat. Standing against the Senate wall with those non-Senators who have floor privileges was the huge figure of Representative Doughton, Demo crat, of North Carolina, chairman of the Ways and Means Committee which fathered the original tax bill. Pepper Sees Deeper Issue. In his speech, Senator Pepper charged that the issue before the Senate went much deeper than the mere passage or rejection of & tax bill and involved the future of the Democratic parly. “If the tax bill wa6 the only issue i here today I would vote to override,” Senator Pepper declared, adding, however, that he saw in the decision an effect on “the permanent course and character of our party. I see the specter that confronted the Na tion 20 years ago, a country so divided over details that if we win the war we may lose the peace." Swift Vote Demanded. When the Floridan arose he was delayed momentarily by shouts of, “Vote, Vote,” from several parts of the chamber. After a moment, how ever, the calling for a vote subsided, and Senator Pepper began by say ing he felt sure that the Senate rule giving "the humblest member the right to express his opinion on (See TAXES, Page A-2.) I---—---—. Senate Roll Call 39 Democrats Vote To Override Veto By the Associated Press. Following is the vote by which the Senate today voted to over ride President Roosevelt's veto of the tax bill: In favor of overriding, 72. DEMOCRATS FOR OVERRIDING—3*. Andrews lucas BAILEY MALONEY BANKHEAD MAYBANK BARKLEY McCARRAN BILBO MCCLELLAN byrd McFarland CARAWAY McKELLAR CHANDLER ODANUEL CHAVEZ OVERTON CLARK. Idaho RADCLIFFE CLARK. Missouri REYNOLDS CONNALLY RUSSELL EASTLAND SCRLOHAM GEORGE SMI'Til / PERRY TRUMAN GILLETTE TYDINOS HATCH WALSH, Man HAYDEN WALSH. N J JACKSON WHEELER JOHNSON. Colo. REPUBLICANS FOR OVERRIDING—3*. AIKEN HOLMAN AUSTIN MILLIKIN BALL MOORE BREWSTER NYE BRIDGES REVERCOMB BROOKS SHIP8TEAD BUCK TAFT BURTON THOMAS, Idaho BU8HFIELD TOBEY BUTLER VANDENBERO SAPPER WEEKS ANAHER WHERRY DAVIS WHITE FERGUSON WILEY GURNEY WILLIS HAWKE8 WILSON FOR OVERRIDING—1. Progressive. LA FOLLETTE AGAINST OVERRIDING—14. Democrat!. BONE MURRAY GREEN PEPPER GUFFEY THOMAS. Utah HILL TUNNELL KILGORE WAGNER MEAD WALLGREN MURDOCK Republican. LANGER The following pair was announced: ELLENDER. Democrat, and JOHNSON, California. Republican, for overriding and GLASS. Democrat, against. Not voting but announced In favor of overriding: THOMAS. Oklahoma. Democrat: O'MA HONEY, Democrat; ROBERTSON. Repub lican. and REED. Republican. Not voting and position not stated: DOWNEY. Democrat: STEWART, Demo crat; McNARY, Republican.