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Weather Forecast Cloudy; rising temperatures and light drizzle. Tomorrow, cloudy and warmer. Yesterday—Highest, 43, at 12:01 a.m.; lowest, 37, at 9:00 a.m. United State* Weather Bureau Report. Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star Is delivered by carrier in the city and suburbs at 80c per month when 4 Sundays; 90c per month when 5 Sundays. Telephone NA. 5000. An Associated Press Newspaper. No. 2,030—No. 36,460. WASHINGTON, D. G, FEBRUARY 27, 1944-100 PAGES. ** &8SS8 TEN CENTS Record Allied Air Raids Wreck 15 Nazi Centers, Leaving Enemy Unable to Make Up Plane Losses Attacks Cost 3,500 Men and Aircraft Worth $100,000,000 (Map on Page A-4.) By the Associated Press. LONDON, Feb. 26.—Giant fires burned themselves out in Augs burg tonight and the ruins of at least 14 other centers of German aircraft production gave smould ering evidence of the greatest sustained aerial onslaught in history—an onslaught which a high American Air Forces spokesman said had so knocked out Nazi factories that they were not able to keep up with combat losses. The Germans in six days have lost 652 planes in air combat with the American invaders alone, plus many more new ones on the ground out side factories, and uncounted others in process of completion in the bombed w'orks. The cost to the Allies has not been negligible: About 3.500 airmen on 382 heavy bombers and more than 70 fighters lost, roughly $100,000,000 worth of planes, but the loss was described as economical in view of the aggregate of 17,000 sorties and the great damage done to the enemy. In the assaults the United States lost 234 bombers and the RAF 148. Augsburg Hammered. The offensive which began one week ago tonight with 2,300 long tons of bombs dropped on Leipzig by the RAP, was rounded out with a 1.700-ton RAP blow against Augs burg Friday night. The week's bomb tonnage was estimated at 17.500 dropped by the Americans and RAF together. (Since the tonnage figures usu * ally are given in British long tons of 2,240 pounds each, this would be neary 20.000 American tons of 2.000 pounds each.) Operations went into a temporary lull today, with Typhoon patrols over the French coast the only activity reported. These cost the Nazis twro planes. But in the week of sustained as saults. by the RAF at night and the United States Army Air Forces by day, the German aircraft industry has suffered its greatest losses of the war. Production Crippled. The factories no longer are be lieved able to make up air losses, the American spokesman said. He disclosed that since January 1 twin engined fighter production in the Reich has been cut 80 per cent and single-engined fighter production 60 per cent. These figures may be re vised upward as they are based on latest reconnaissance and are still only preliminary. The greatest damage of all prob ably was done in the last week, he said, when the 8th United States Air Force alone dropped 7.935 tons of bombs on Germany—a greater amount than that force dropped during its entire first year of opera tions in the European theater. With the tonnage of the Italy based United States 15th Air Force, the American total rose to 9,425. The spokesman expressed belief that Germany had lost her last hope of maintaining a successful air defense. She cannot prevent the strategic bombing of any target in Germany, he declared, coupling this last flat assertion with a promise that Allied operations would increase as the year pro gressed. 1,200 Big Bombers in Raid. In yesterday’s attacks by the 8th Air Force from Britain and the 15th from Italy, the American forces threw more than 1.200 heavy bomb ers and from 1.000 to 1.100 fighters against Germany's air force and its factories. The climactic night attack on Augsburg by the RAF was carried out in two sections, solid blows spaced two and one-half hours apart. The city is an important Messer schmitt assembly center and site of the great Maschinen Fabrik Augs burg Nurembourg works—the most important German plant producing Diesel engines. The RAF flyers, returning from i See RAIDS, A-4.1 Axis Radio Reports U. S. Invasion of Guam Broadcasts Say Violent Fighting Is in Progress By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Feb. 26.—A Berlin broadcast of a Tokio dispatch today said a violent battle of several days was in progress “for possession of the Pacific Isle of Guam,” with the Japanese garrison fighting to stave off attacks by an American naval formation. , “A communique anent this fight ing is expected from Japanese head <$uarters this Saturday,” said the broadcast. "This former United States prop erty is situated nearest to the Jap anese Isles,” it added. Earlier the British radio picked up a Japanese broadcast which said American naval forces were attack ing the island. During its regular news broadcast last night the Tokio radio did not mention reports of a battle on Guam, NBC monitors in New York said. Tokio's only mention of activity In the Pacific was a claim that “scores” of American planes were shot down Friday in sporadic raids on Japanese island bases. » " 1 ■ ■' ■ — — —■ ■ ■ ■— Japs' Kavieng Base Is Shelled Third Time by U. S. Naval Force One Enemy Vessel Sunk, Two Set Afire; Destroyers Silence Shore Batteries (Pictures of Truk attack on , Page A-7.) By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Sunday, Feb. 27.—Kavieng Har bor, the New Ireland stepping stone along the Japanese supply line between the Bismarck ar chipelago and Truk in the Caro lines, was bombarded by Amer ican destroyers early Friday. A spotter plane reported one Jap anese vessel was sunk and two left burning in addition to several har bor craft hit, headquarters an nounced today. It was the third recent naval shell ing of Kavieng. A naval spokesman said shore batteries, which opened up on the destroyers, were silenced by the return fire. A large force of Boston attack bombers and Beaufort fighters hit But and Dagua airdromes in the vicinity of the important enemy base of Wewak, New Guinea, on Thursady and Bostons came back the next day to hit Boram, another airfield protecting Wewak. Fires started by the raids were visible for 50 miles. Eighty-six tons of bombs destroyed or damaged at least 23 parked Japanese planes. There was | no air opposition. Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s com munique reported a combined Army-Navy aerial assault against “the weakening enemy base” of Rabaul, New Britain. More than 150 Solomons-based planes partici pated and for the fifth straight raid, there was no air interception. A headquarters spokesman added that Rabaul’s anti-aircraft fire was very weak. One hundred tons of explosives were dumped on air drome supply areas and ground in stallations in the area. An am munition dump was blown up and a power plant destroyed. Ground forces on the Saidor front have occupied Biliau, Warai and Sindaman, small villages northwest of Saidor. There was no word here or at Pacific Fleet headquarters at Pearl Harbor concerning any activity in the vicinity of Truk, which was at tacked by an American task force on February 16. Germans on Defensive Temporarily at Anzio; Losses Set at 15,000 Allied Spokesman Says Enemy Is Massing For New Attacks By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NAPLES, Feb. 26.—The Germans have suffered about 15,000 cas ualties on the beachhead at Anzio since the Allied landing January 22 and the 10 Nazi divi sions there haye now been thrown temporarily on the de fensive while they are regroup ing, an Allied spokesman an nounced tonight. The spokesman, reviewing the Anzio situation “now that the enemy’s first reaction is over,” said the German casualty figures in cluded 2,816 prisoners. The German attacks on the Allied positions on the beachhead have been “supported by a larger weight of artillery than had been encoun tered hitherto in the African and Italian campaigns,” the spokesman said, but he added that the attack had been defeated. As a result, the German program for relieving a number of top divi sions for the west has been upset, 10 enemy divisions have been forced to remain on the beachhead sector and German garrisons in France and Yugoslavia have been weak ened to meet the threat to Rome, the spokesman said. Nazis Gain 2 Kilometers. His statement, issued on a day of relative lull on the Italian front except for heavy artillery dueling, was the first over-all summary of the beachhead situation since the landing. •There have been no figures issued on Allied casualties in the beachhead fighting alone. Oi February 17, Secretary of War Stimson said American casual ties in Italy since the landings at Salerno last September to taled 4,158 killed, 18,154 wounded and 6,429 missing.) The fierce four-day German attack which has just been thrown back managed to penetrate the Allied Anzio positions to “a depth of two kilometers astride the main road” before being held all along the line, ; the announcement said. This summary of the month’s fighting on the beachhead appar ently referred to the road running due north from Anzio. Questioned concerning a discrepancy between this two-kilometer figure and prev ious admissions of deeper penetra tions, the spokesman said it repre •See ITALY, Page A-3 ) Dewey Says Existence Of Congress Is Threatened By the Associated Press. ALfeANY, N. Y„ Feb. 26.—Gov. Thomas E. Dewey today expressed the opinion that "the very exist ence” of Congress is “at stake” in what he termed “the fight • * * in Washington” against the lawmaking body. Gov. Dewey, in a letter to former Representative William S. Bennet, Republican candidate for the 21st congressional district seat vacated by resignation of Joseph A. Gava gan, Democrat, said: “Now, if ever, the Congress needs all the strength it can obtain. No citizen, no man or woman of good will, can fail to reach the conclu | sion after reading the ominous | trend in the news of the fight against Congress in Washington that its very existence, its very function in the plan of constitu tional government is at stake.” Gov. Dewey called Mr. Bennet, who is opposed by Tammany Dis trict Leader James H. Torrens, "well qualified by training and experl enca." Nazi Forces Appear To Be Quitting All Of Northwest Russia Rapid Retreat Yields 105 Miles of Railroad And 318 Towns F»y the Assoc;atec* Press. LONDON, Sunday, Feb. 27.— The German Army appeared to be retreating rapidly from all of Northwestern Russia today as Moscow announced that Soviet forces yesterday had not only captured two railway stations on the roads to Pskov but had over run 318 localities and ousted the Germans from 105 miles of a north-south railway less than 70 miles from Latvia. Moscow said the great Russian advance—which in some places was moving at the rate of 10 miles a day —was nearing Pskov, communica tions center and key to the Baltic states, from three directions. In addition, to the south, the Rus sians were declared to have won complete control of the 105-mile section of the Leningrad-Odessa trunkline between Dno and Novo sokolniki. Both of these advances were made on a continuous 175-mile front ex tending from the shore of Lake Pskov, and running about 20 miles north of Pskov to the Leningrad Pskov railway where the station of Novoselye, 26 miles northeast of Pskov was captured yesterday. Swift Advance Pictured. Then the line swings to the south east across the Leningrad-Pskov highway and down to the newly captured town of Porkhov, 45 miles east of Pskov on the railroad from Staraya Russa. Then it continues south along the Novosokolniki rail way to the station of Ustrugi, 18 miles west of Novosokolniki on the railroad to Riga. That was the line as pictured by two broadcast Moscow communiques recorded by the Soviet monitor. The communiques also presented a picture of a swift, general Russian advance, with the Germans putting up strong fights for occasional hedgehog positions. In the advances which captured Porkhov and Novoselye—the drive on Pskov and its four railways and two highways — more than 1,500 German* were killed, Moscow said. In this area 150 communities were taken. South of Porkhov, the last important town before Pskov, the Russians crossed the Shelon River and reached the Porkhov-Chikha chevo highway. Hitler Reported at Front. On the second part of this front, the area from Porkhov south to Novosokolniki, 218 localities, were reported captured, including eight railway stations. The Germans thus were forced back to the Pskov Idritsa railroad for North-South communications. Meanwhile Hitler was reported to have hurried to the northern front to investigate the causes of recent German defeats in this section where the Nazi armries hate fallen back steadliy toward the Estonian, Latvian and Polish borders. Quoting a Swedish source, the French radio at Algiers said Hitler had gone to the front with staff generals to bolster Nazi resistance. Another French broadcast from Algiers, qudting a Swiss source, said Marshal Georg von Kuechler had been imprisoned in a fortress at Koenigsberg for insubordination to Hitler in disobeying orders to hold his northern front at all costs. Mar shal von Kuechler 10 da§s ago was reported to have been relieved of his command. Julibna in Jamaica KINGSTON, Jamaica, Feb. 26 (JP).—Princess Juliana of the Nether lands arrived here today by plane enroute to Canada tram a tour of the Dutch Wcct Indies. k « /" LOT OF DClTEM£l/r^ BUT WC OUGHT 7® LIT THE BOTS IN UNIFORM (^DOTHE FIGHTIN’ WONDER WHARX \ THE CONGRESSMEN , GOT ALL THAT RAW MEAT WITH RAW POINTS BElN'SO 4*. SCARCE. & Squash Center Discusses the Tax Veto. J 7 Die in Kansas Plane Crash, Including Capitol Heights Girl Margaret Vajda, Two Other WAVES Killed As Navy Craft Falls 75 Feet at Take-off By the Associated Press. KANSAS CITY, Kans., Feb. 26. —Eleven persons. Including three WAVES, were killed today in the flaming crash of a trans port training plane at the Olatjie (Kans.) Naval Air Station. Five others were injured. The plane, carrying personnel from the Naval Primary Training Command headquarters at Fairfax Airport here, faltered in a take-off from the Olathe Field and “pan caked” 75 feet, bursting into flames as it struck, witnesses said. The five survivors, including the pilot, were thrown clear of the flam ing WTeckage, the Fairfax public relations office said. The pilot said the co-pilot took the plane off the ground. When the ship appeared in distress the pilot aald he leaped to ttys controls to attempt to pull it out of danger The plane plunged near several parked training ships and narrowly missed a large wooden hangar and a 28,000-gallon gasoline tank. Among the dead were ht. Comdr. Richard P. Wilson, 31, assistant staff medical officer of the base. Kansas City, Mo.; Margaret Irene Vajda, 20, pharmacist mate, WAVE, Capitol Heights, Md.; Mary Kathryn Carr, 30, seaman first class, WAVE, War ren, Ohio, and Herman Eugene Rodgers. 24, printer third class, Memphis, Tenn. The injured, none of them hurt critically: Lt. James LaBagnara. pilot, Pat terson, N. J.; Lt. Robert L. Abbott, co-pilot. Clarinda, Iowa; Sergt. Rob ert Tomlinson, Marine. Kansas City, Mo.; William Blau, printer third class, Kansas City, Mo., and Earl Bandlow. aviation machinist mate, Abilene. Kans. Miss Margaret J. Vajda was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Julius Vajda, 6209 Shadyside avenue, Capi tol Heights. A native of Hammond. Ind., Miss Vajda had lived in Capitol Heights about seven years. She was a gradu ate of Maryland Park High School, and before enlistthg in the WAVES last August worked for an insurance firm in the Investment Building here. She received her WAVE training at Hunter College in New York, and later was transferred to the Jack sonville (Fla.) Naval Base. At the time of the crash, she was stationed at the Fairfax Airport in Kansas City. 2 Mexican Pipelines Projected by U. S. to Aid War in Pacific Will Pump Oil Across 180-Mile Isthmus To New Refinery By RICHARD L. STOKES, A Washington Correspondent of the St. Loul* Post-Dlsp»tch. Owing tp fuel oil and gasoline requirements for the soaring American offensive in the Pa cific, and the inability of Cali fornia wells to meet the demand, the Army and Navy have pro jected pipe lines to pump Texas oil across the Isthmus of Te huantepec in Southern Mexico from Puerto Mexico to Salina Cruz. The enterprise has been approved by the Mexican government, and construction is expected to be com pleted in a year. From a competent source, it was learned yesterday that there will be two pipe lines, of 24 and 36 inches, with a daily capacity of about 500,000 barrels. The project, which will cost 50 to 60 million dollars, is re garded as so urgent that it has been placed under what is known as a “must go’’ order. The undertaking includes dis mantling of a big refinery in Texas and its re-establishment at Salina Cruz, and also possible development of an existing petroleum pool in the vicinity of Puerto Mexico. It is said to have been agreed that the facili ties will revert to Mexican govern ment ownership after the war. The oil will be shipped by tankers from Houston to Puerto Mexico, and will be supplied from Texas fields controlled by the Union and Su perior oil companies of California. Owing to the war's drain, Texas stands as the only surplus region for petroleum output in the United States. The enterprise was made neces sary by a shortage of tank cars for transporting Texas oil by rail to California ports, and a deficiency of tanker ships for the long water haul by way'of the Panama Canal. The route across the Tehuantepec Isthmus is 180 miles long and follows level ground, with no elevation ex ceeding 745 feet. California thus far has satisfied requirements in the Pacific only by drawing on its reserves, which at the present rate .of consumption face the prospect of total exhaus tion within an ominously brief penea. Use of Ration Tokens To Start Today Under New OPA System Will Be Circulated As Change for New 10-Point Stamps A new experiment in rationing begins for the Nation’s house wives today, as more than a bil lion red and blue ration tokens start circulating as change for the new 10-point stamps in War Ration Book No. 4. The new system, which the OPA says will eventually cut by 60 per cent the number of stamps consum ers and food merchants exchange each week, will get its first crucial test tomorrow as few stores will be open today. More than 2.000,000 of the plastic tokens which are about the size of a streetcar token are now in the hands of local stores, and banks will continue to distribute them to dealers as they apply for additional supplies, according to a spokesman for the District Bankers Associa tion. Banks here started out with 4,875,000 tokens. Beginning today and continuing through May 20, red stamps A-8, B-8 and C-8 in Book No. 4 will be worth 10 points each—and not eight points as originally printed—in the purchase of all meats, includng canned meats, and for butter, mar garine, lard, cheese, canned fish, fats, oils and canned milk. If your purchase does not come up to an even 10 points, the butcher will give you red tokens or brown one-point stamps in Book No. 3 as change. For the same period, blue stamps A-8, B-8, C-8, D-8 and E-8 in Book No. 4 will be good for 10 points each in the purchase of canned and frozen foods. Your grocer will give blue tokens or green one-point stamps from Book No. 3 in change. Every two weeks, three new red stamps will become valid. Blue stamps will be validated in sets of five at the start of each month, under OPA plans. The tokens will be good indef initely. In no case, however, may stamps be cashed outright for a full 10 points in tokens. OPA officials say they expect “a few days of confusion." Radio Programs, Pg. C-10 Comploto Iftdox, Pago A-2 Boy, 13, Kills Cousin With 'Unloaded Gun’ At Chevy Chase Home Sons of Army Officers Involved, in Accident After Target Shooting (Picture on Page A-2.) The 14-year-old son of the commanding officer of an Army Air Forces post was accidentally shot and killed by his cousin, a year younger, in an “unloaded gun” tragedy here yesterday. The victim, Robert Wimsatt, son of Col. Robert C. Wimsatt. Fred erick, Md., died shortly after his cousin and schoolmate. William W. Hughes, 102 Oxford street, Chevy' Chase, Md., accidently discharged a .22-caliber automatic target pistol with which the boys had been tar get shooting at the Hughes home. Col. Wimsatt is commanding officer of Newport Field, Ark., and young Hughes' father is Lt. Col. William J. Hughes, attached to the judge advocate general's office here. Before entering service, he was associated in law practice here with William E. Leahy, prominent attorney and head of the District Selective Service. Squeezes Trigger. Yesterday morning the boys had been firing the light target pistol from the roof of the Hughes home, relatives explained last night. As William took the magazine from the pistol, believing it empty, he squeezed the trigger. Robert slumped to the floor of the upstairs room where they had gone from the roof. Mary E. Glackin. 1322 Webster street N.E., a nurse in the Hughes home, called the Chevy Chase Res cue Squad. Dr. E. G. Bauersfeld of Bethesda. who pronounced the boy dead. said the bullet had entered through the shoulder and glanced downward, piercing the heart. A certificate of accidental death was issued by Dr. F. J. Broschart, Mont gomery County medical examiner. Youths Were Close Friends. The boys were students at George town Preparatory School. Garrett Park. Md.. and young Wimsatt was a week-end house guest at the home of the Hughes boy. Besides being relatives, the two were close friends, members of the Hughes household declared. The Rev. William E. Welsh. S. J.. president of Georgetown Prep, said last night that young Wimsatt was a leader in all student activities and popular among his classmates. He had been a member of the football and basket ball squads since entering the school last September, Father Welsh said. Col. Wimsatt was en route here from Newport Field by plane last night. He formerly was commander • of the AAF Greenland Base Command. Gen. Hershey Orders Boards to Review List of Deferments D. C. Draft Board Sends 4-F Rating To Naval Recruit By the Associated Press. BAINBRIDGE, Md., Feb. 26 — William Allen Hale was inter ested, not to say surprised, ! when his draft board notified him he had been placed in 4-F. The message arrived as he was entering his second week oU boot training at the Bain bridge Naval Training Station. ‘‘What can you expect from those boys? My draft board is , in Washington,” he commented. 110 Steel Furnaces In Pittsburgh Area Closed by Walkout Clairton Coke Works Strike Shuts Off Gas to Carnegie-lliinois Plants i i DETROIT STRIKE HALTS output of armor plate for Navy. Page A-9. Ey the Asfor atpd Press. PITTSBURGH, Feb. 26—At least 20 blast furnaces and 90 open-hearth furnaces in Monon gahela Valley mills of Carnegie Illinois Steel Corp. were idle to night following the walkout of several hundred workers in the huge Clairton coke works of the firm, a company spokesman said. Five mills were affected by the shutdowns, caused by lack of gas which is piped from the by-product division of the coke works for use in furnaces and rolling mills. Sev eral thousand men were made idle by the closing of the operations, the company said. The strike started at midnight i last night when about 140 men, j members of the CIO-United Steel workers of America, refused to work because of a grievance over line promotions in the coke works. A part of the 8 a.m. shift reported, and by noon the coke works was operating at 50 per cent of capacity, but only 27 per cent of the evening shift reported. . . Union officials said the walkout was unauthorized, and James Flem ing, regional director of the Presi dent's Committee on Fair Employ ment Practice, telegraphed Clairton local officials to urge the workers to return to their jobs. At noon today the company said that more than 9.000 tons of coke production had been lost. It refused to estimate the loss in steel production tonight, but said that the furnaces now out of opera tion could not be returned to service until at least 24 hours after coke production returns to near-normal. The company would not estima.e the number of persons made idle in other departments by the coke works shutdown, other than to say "several thousand" are not at work tonight. Mr. Fleming, in his telegram to the Clairton local officials, said he understood the "disruption in the coke works has caused a shutdown of dependent plants involving a total of 30,000 workers.” A company spokesman said the figure was too high. Partisans Claim Capture Of German Airdrome Ey the Associated Press. LONDON. Feb. 26 —Partisans have captured a German airdrome at Tri zic, Slovenia, and destroyed eight enemy bombers, a broadcast com munique from headquarters of Marshal Josip Broz (Titol in Yugo slavia anounced tonight. In Herzegovina the German Prinz Eugen division has started offensive operations, but a regiment of that division was routed near Gacko and lost more than 130 dead, the com munique said. Government May Lose Millions In Selling War Housing Here Six Projects Which Cost $53,000,000 Might Go for 25 Pet. Below That Figure By JAMES Y. NEWTON. Despite the fact that Wash ington’s real estate market re flects unusually high wartime prices, the Government stands to take a loss of millions of dol lars if it follows through on the announced intention to sell to private interests the six large housing developments here owned by the Defense Homes Corp. The Government has about $53, 000,000 invested in apartments and residence halls at McLean Gardens, Fairlington and Naylor Gardens, apartment developments in Arling ton and Southeast Washington, re spectively, Meridian Hill Hotel, Six teenth street N.W., and two other residence halls for colored men and women. Just how much the Government will get for this real estate is any body's guess. A good many private appraisal experts estimate the potential loss at as high as 50 per cent. Public housing officials be lieve the developments will sell at cost or close to it. Both sides seem to be biased. Examination of all the factors involved indicates the properties probably can be sold for about 75 per cent of cost—resulting in a loss of some $13,000,000. For the Govern ment to come out anywhere near even in the deals, the projects would have to break all realty sales records. It appears highly unlikely that all of the developments will be sold any time soon and possible that none will be disposed of unless offi cials are willing to do so at a sac rifice. Purchasers with sufficient capital to buy properties the size of McLean or Naylor Gardens are very limited, while the number of in dividuals or organizations capable of swinging a deal for Fairlington, valued at $32,000,000, can be counted on one hand. Herbert Emmerich, president of Defense Homes Corp., said the Gov ernment was in no hurry to dispose of its holdings and would sit tight and await what was considered a (Me HOUSING, Page A-3.) President Criticizes Leniency Sfcown to Men Under 26 By MIRIAM OTTENBERG. Carrying out orders from President Roosevelt, Selective Service Director Lewis B. Her shey last night instructed draft ooards to review all occupational deferments with particular at tention to deferred men under 26 years of age. No changes in regulations were tarried in Gen. Hershey’s instruc tions, but a selective service spokes man predicted a “sharp tightening up” of all deferments for men under 26 and a “scrutiny” of the defer ments of the older men. The President, in a memorandum to Gen. Hershey and War Manpower Chief McNutt yesterday, ordered th* review “with a view to speedily mak ing available the personnel required by the armed forces.” Pool “Dangerously Depleted.” Mr. Roosevelt declared the Na tion's manpower pool has been dangerously depleted by liberal de ferments and I am convinced that in this respect we have been overly lenient particularly in regard to the younger men.” Pointing out that selective service has failed to deliver the quantity of men expected, the President said the present allocations to the armed forces cannot be further reduced "and there is a very real danger in our failure to supply trained re placements at the time and in the numbers required.” The over-all review is the third effort of this kind selective service nas made recently to make up tne 200.000-man deficit in armed forces inductions referred to by Mr. Roose velt. Industrial deferments of men under 22 were virtually eliminated in an order effective February 1 and draft boards have been ordered to review all agricultural deferments, using a much higher standard of farm production as the minimum requirement for deferment. Time to Strike New Balance. The President declared the time had come to "strike a new bal ance" in allocating men to industry, agriculture and armed forces. Pointing out that as a result of the failure of draft boards to meet calls "we are forced to emasculate college courses and trained divisions and other units,” the President pre dicted the Army would not reach its planned January strength until some time in April, or later, if the shortage continues. The President asserted that over aged men. 4-Fs, returned service men and the women of the Nation must be used more effectively to replace the able-bodied men in crit ical industry and agriculture. Gen. Hershey left the job of re viewing nearly 5.000.000 occupa tional deferments in the hands of the local boards. He told them to apply existing regulations, instruc tions and information in the light of the President's memorandum, "giving particular attention to reg istrants under 26 years of age in view of the President’s statement that agriculture and industry should release the younger men for mili tary service.” No distinction was made between fathers and nonfathers in Gen. Hershey's memorandum. Asked about that, a Selective Service spokesman said the President had made no distinction. Actually, the President mentioned nonfathers only in reporting that industrial defer ments included more than 1.000,000 nonfathers, of whom 380,000 are under 26 years of age. Interpretations of the President's action ranged from opinions that it was another gesture in the direction of national service to the idea that it was an effort to ease the father draft. A District draft spokesman said ~1 See DEFERMENTS. Page A-5.) “ Helsinki Bombed Again By Russian Aerial Force By the Associated Press. STOCKHOLM. Sunday, Feb. 27.— A Russian aerial force variously estimated to include from 100 to 200 planes raided Helsinki last night and at least 30 fires were said to be blazing in the Finnish capital, re ports reaching here today said. Seven hours after the alarm sounded, Helsinki's commercial com munication facilities still were closed down. The Finnish city of Turku also was without tele phone contact from 9:30 to 10:30 o'clock last night, indicating an alarm had been sounded there. Finnish informants here esti mated the Russians carried out the attack with 200 bombers. Reports reaching the Swedish press placed the size of the raiding force at ap proximately 100 planes. Russian planes were said to have penetrated to the center of Helsinki. The attack came as the Finnish government was reported consider ing Russian armistice terms. Fire Sweeps Coney Island Amusement Center By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Feb. 26.—A spec tacular four-alarm fire broke out in Coney Islands Luna Park amuse ment center 'tonight, but was brought under control before it spread beyond the park’s confines. Hundreds of firemen fought des perately to keep the flames from reaching the elevated railroad sta tion behind the park.