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Citizens' Federation Offers Comparative Data
Assailing Cost of NCH A Housing Projects PRIVATE VERSUS PUBLIC HOUSING—These pictures are part of an exhibit presented to a Senate District Subcommit tee today by a representative of the Federation of Citizens’ Associations to show the cost of public housing. Shown in the first picture is a National Capital Housing Authority develop ment, Fort Dupont Dwellings, on Ridge*road, near Minnesota avenue S.E. Cost of Fort Dupont, including land, was given as $1,146 a room. ecu way nyiXL imeiiw), Minnesota avenue ana iLast uapitOi street S.E. Constructed by private builder; cost, including land, $849 a room. Frederick Douglass Dwellings, Alabama avenue S.E. Built by NCHA; cost, excluding land, $1,098 a room. Skyland Apartments, Twenty-fifth and Good Hope road S.E. Privately built; cost, including land and construction of shopping center, $1,035 a room. Suburban Gardens, Deanwood section of Nqrtheast Wash ington. 'Privately built; cost, excluding land, $913 a room. Dealer Testifies Whisky Supply Decreased 85% in Two Years The effect of the war on Wash ington’s whisky supply was high lighted today in testimony of a retailer before the Federal Trade Commission that his supply of whisky had dropped from 95 per cent of total stock in 1941 to only 10 per cent in June, 1943. For the same period, he added, his wines rose from 5 to 90 per cent of his entire stock. The testimony was given by John Taylor, an employe of the Zouras liquor store at 1917 Seventh street N.W., in connection with an inquiry to determine whether Milton S. Kronheim & Sons, Inc., wholesale liquor firm, forced dealers to buy wine to obtain whisky. Questioned about an invoice made out in June, 1943, for a case of champagne bought from the Kron heim firm, Mr. Miller said he pur chased it willingly because “I had to have something to fill up the shelves.” He also testified, however,] that the colored trade in the Dis trict doesn’t buy much champagne. On cross-examination by Alvin Newmyer it was brought out that on the same day the case of cham pagne was purchased from the Kronheinfl firm the Zauras store also bought 15 cases of whisky from the same establishment. Mr. Taylor testified that the value of his entire liquor stock had dropped from $25,000 in 1941 to $2,000 in June, 1943. Children Will Stage Fairy Tale Scenes Scenes from “Alice in Wonder land" and “Through the Looking Glass” will be presented by 30 chil dren at 4 p.m. Sunday in the Jewish Community Center auditorium. The actors range from 8 to 14 years of age. The production, the first this year by the junior arts department of the center, is under direction of Alice K. Kuppinger. There will be no admission charge. Boy, 7, Emulates Hiking Father; Makes 10-Mile Tour* Alone oeven-year-om Herschel Shosteck, son of the president of the Capital Hiking Club, trudged off to school today none the worse for a 10-mile walking tour of the District and nearby Maryland which he made yesterday in a spirit of competition with his father. Herschel’s father, Robert Shosteck, 1031 Girard street NJE., was leading the hiking dub along Accotink Creek in Virginia yesterday afternoon while his son accompanied his grandfather to visit relatives at 702 Devonshire road, Takoma Park, His grandfather, Saul Shosteck, 1121 Orren street N.E., said the boy went out to play and when he didn’t return a police lookout was broad- i s cast. Shortly after 8 p.m. Herschel appeared at the Orren street home of his grandparents where he an nounced that he had taken a hike “just like daddy,” and was “awful hungry.” Mrs. Dora Shosteck, Herschel’s mother, said the boy had walked from Takoma Park to his grand parent’s home, a distance which police estimated at about 10 miles. She said Herschel declared he had taken the hike “Just because I’ve always wanted to go walking by myself." Mrs. Shosteck said Herschel was a little stiff this morning, but she wouldn’t let him use hiking as an excuse to stay home from school. Photographs and statistics made public today at the Capitol focused attention on charges that Na tional Capital Housing Authority developments here have cost far more than comparable housing de velopments by private enterprise. Presented to the Senate Edftrlct Subcommittee on Housing by Joseph H. Deckman, representing the Fed eration of Citizens’ Associations, the “evidence" tended to show: 1. That Fort Dupont Dwellings, Frederick Douglass Dwellings and Parkside Dwellings, singled out by Mr. Deckman as typical of the NCHA’s low-rent permanent hous ing, cost 20 to 53 per cent more per room than corresponding private properties. The comparisons were between Fort Dupont and Green way Apartments, Frederick Douglass and Suburban Gardens and Park side and private housing at 3200 3300 East Capitol street. 2. That private enterprise has been building attractive permanent homes and selling them for less than the $962 to $1,304 per room cost of the NCHA’s temporary war hous ing. Figures Taken From Reports. Mr. Deckman said his figures on NCHA costs were taken from the Housing Authority’s official reports, while those for prvate developments were obtained from the builders themselves. The figures for private ly built housing Included all over head, he added. All comparisons were on a “cost per rental room” basis. |n the three direct comparisons involving the NCHA’s Fort Dupont, Frederick Douglass and Parkside properties, Mr. Deckman explained that rooms in the comparable private housing are “somewhat larger.” Kitchens and bathrooms also are better equipped in the private de velopments, he said. The properties matched against one another by Mr. Deckman were built at approximately the same time. Land costs were Included in the total figures wherever available, Mr. Deckman said, but in none of the three comparisons Involving the NCHA’s permanent housing did the private interests pay more for their land. Comparisons Offered. The statistics given the subcom mittee included the following for Fort Dupont and Greenway: Fort Dupont—326 two to six room units for white occupancy completed by the NCHA in 1940. Brick con struction and central heating, but baths are not tile. Cost, including land, $1,164 per room. Greenway—796 three and four room apartments for white occu pancy. Completed in 1941 by Morris Cafritz, a private builder. Brick construction, central heating and tile baths. Cost, including land, $849 a room. For Frederick Douglass Dwellings and Suburban Gardens: Frederick Douglass—313 four to six room units for colored occupancy completed by NCHA in 1941. Frame and masonry construction, no base ments, baths not tile, equipped with space heaters instead of central Cost- excluding land, $1,089 a room. Suburban Gardens—204 three to five room units for colored oc cupancy, completed in 1942 by A. Lloyd Goode, a private builder. Masonry construction, basements, central heating and tile baths. Cost, also excluding land, $913 a room. For Parkside Dwellings and the private development at 3200-3300 Blast Capitol street: Parkside Dwellings—373 units for colored families, one to six rooms, completed by NCHA in 1943. Brick, asbestos siding and frame construc tion, individual heating units, no basements, baths not tile. Cost in cluding land, $1,367 per room. East Capitol street houses—108 units for white occupancy, three and one-half to four rooms, com pleted in 1943 by Davy & Murphy private builders. Brick construction' basements, control heating, tile baths. Cost, including land, $896 per room. Other Examples Given. Mr. Deckman’s data showed that for approximately the same amount per room as the NCHA spent in con structing Frederick Douglass Dwell ings, a private builder constructed Fairfax Village at Alabama avenue and Suitland road S.E., a far more luxurious development. Fairfax Village, for white occu pancy, offers tile baths, central heating plants, laundry rooms, and recreation facilities. TTie three-story buildings are all of fireproof con struction. TTie cost, including con struction, overhead and the builder’s profit, but excluding purchase of the land or landscaping, was given by Mr. Deckman as $1,012 a room. ™e development was completed in 1942. rrivately-bullt Skyland Apart ments, at Twenty-fifth street and Good Hope road S.E., cost only $1,035 a room, Including land and a shopping center, Mr. Deckman’s statistics Indicated. Skyland for white occupancy, was completed in 1909, While emphasizing comparisons involving the NCHA’s low-rent per manent housing, Mr. Deckman also g»ve figures in an effort to prove the cost of the agency’s temporary war housing has been excessive. Further Costs Cited. He cited costs per room that in cluded Calvert Houses, $962; Lily Ponds Houses, $974; Carry Houses, $1,080, and Benning Road Houses, $1,304. These figures do not include price of the land, he said. All four developments are de molishable or demountable, and are slated to be removed within one year after the end of the war emergency. They were constructed according to "minimum standards” to conserve critical materials. In comparison, Mr. Deckman of fered the Sunnybrook, Landover Hills, and Eastpine Drive develop ments of private builders. The four and five room Sunnybrook homes, which he termed far superior to NCHA’s temporary war housing, are priced for sale at $4,850 and $5,670, he said. Selling prices for the Landover Hills homes, completed last year by Meadowbrook, Inc., ranged from $3,250 for four rooms to $6,000 for six rooms with a basement. The houses had air-conditioned heating, hot-water systems, insulated attics and equipped kitchens, he said. The Eastpine Drive houses sold last summer at prices, excluding land, of $963 and $813 a room. All selling prices quoted included the builder’s profit, Mr. Deckman pointed ont. The statistics are expected to add fuel to the already heated contro versy between advocates and oppo nents of public housing. WASHINGTON NEWS WASHINGTON, D. C. i ttmiitg SOCIETY AND GENERAL FEBRUARY 28, 1944 *** Mother Indicted In Fatal Beating Of Daughter, 3 Grand Jury Returns Second-Degree Charge Against Mrs. Orencia Mrs. Mary C. Orencia, 21-year-old expectant mother, was Indicted to day on a second-degree murder charge in connection with the fatal beating of her 3-year-old daughter Aurora. Mrs. Orencia, wife of a Filipino cook and mother of two other chil dren, is charged with striking her daughter with a chair rung at the Orencia home in the 800 block of Mount Vernon place N.W. on Feb ruary 12. The indictment was among 22 re turned today before Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher of District Court. Chinese Indicted. Sung S. Kuei, 28-year-old Chi nese, of the 900 block of New York avenue NW, was indicted on charges of first-degree murder and assUalt with a dangerous weapon in connection with the fatal shoot ing of a Chinese and the wounding of another on February l in a noodle* factory in the 1500 block of Fifth street NW. Both victims were employed at the factory, it was said. Lum Tung, 50, of the 400 block of Florida ave nue N.W., died four days after the shooting. The indictment says Kuei was attempting to commit robbery at the time of the shooting. A second-degree murder charge also was lodged against Irving Parker, 33, colored, 200 block of Morgan street N.W., in the fatal stabbing of John N. Harris, 50, col ored’, 400 block of V street N.W., during a street fight early this month. xnree Held in subbing. Three colored men were indicted on two charges of assault with a dangerous weapon in the subbing of a sailor and soldier on a streetcar on February 2. Those charged are: Raymond Bonds, 23, and John Bonds, 45, both of the 500 block of Twenty-third place N.E., and Francis McElod, 19, of the 1700 block of Thirteenth street N.W. In another indictment, John C. Alexander, 22, of the 4700 block of Fifth street N.W., said to be a grad uate of the Naval Academy and de scribed as having been a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps at Quantico, Va., until resigning his commission in January, was in dicted on a charge of forging a check for *150 which had been made out to another second lieu tenant. He also was charged with false pretenses in connection with allegedly passing a bad check for *65 Two men who escaped from the District Jail early this month and another who escaped Oallinger Hos pital were named in today’s indict ments on charges of escaping. All Were Recaptured. They are William F. Thomas, 24, awaiting trial on larceny charges, and Elmer H. Day, 25, awaiting trial on housebreaking and robbery charges. Both men were captured soon after. Day was picked up in nearby Virginia, and Thomas in Pennsylvania. Joseph H. Hockenberry, 20, who escaped with Daniel Reedy, 18, from the Gallinger HospiUl criminal psychopatic ward on February 1, after allegedly beating and over powering a 63-year-old guard, also was indicted on a charge of escap ing. Hockenberry and his companion are held in Alabama, where they await grand jury action in connec tion with the alleged abduction of two women, one of whom was said to have been sUbbed and criminally assaulted. George A. Thompson, 26, colored, of the first block of Logan court N.W., was indicted on three charges of housebreaking and larceny for allegedly breaking into drugrooms at Providence, Children’s and Gar field Hospitals. He is accused of stealing a quantity of narcotics from each place. 46 Scarlet Fever Cases Reported Over Week End Forty-six more scarlet fever cases were reported over the week end, bringing the total so far this year to 1,185, Dr. James G. Cumming, chief of the Bureau of Preventable Diseases of the Health Department, announced today. “People seem to be holding the quarantines fairly well,” Dr. Cum ming commented. He said he hopes his department will pot have to make additional court cases to “chastise” people for breaking quar antine. Eight cases were reported yester day, he said, and 38 today. Except for the lull in cases Sunday, Dr. Cumming added, development of new cases has been above 30 a day for some time. The total number of cases reported for 1935, the last peak year, was 1,606. U. S. Recovers $1200,000 for Salvaged Paper More than 74,000 tons of waste paper, obsolete records and printed matter were salvaged by the armed services and Government agencies during the last six months of 1943, at a cash recovery to the Govern ment of almost $1,200,000, the Budget Bureau and the War Production Board have reported. Leading the paper salvage were the War Department, with an esti mated 45,000 tons; the Procurement Division of the Treasury Depart ment, 12,893 tons, and the Navy De partment, 9,500 tons. Coincident with the report, the Budget Bureau issued instructions to its examiners to see that all sav able Government paper is turned in for salvage. Only records and docu ments of “extreme secrecy” are to be burned; those less confidential are to be sold after being shredded or pulped, and all others are to be sold as waste paper, the bureau said. Large quantities of obsolete book let#, pamphlets, periodicals, posters, unused forms and other surplus ma terials, now in Government storage, are to be released to sale as waste paper, the bureau Instructed. Business Slow As Food Tokens Go Into Effect * Many Shoppers Still Use Ration Stamps From Old Books Thrifty housewives moved cau tiously today in the first few hours of shopping under the new system of ration tokens and 10-point value stamps which went into effect throughout the country yesterday. Many shoppers still were using their old ration stamps before gdlng into War Ration Book No. 4. Those who wanted to be the first to get the new blue and red tokens sought advice of clerks on just how the system works before giving up their new stamps—blue stamps A-8, B-8, C-8, D-8 and E-8 for processed foods and red stamps A-8, B-8 and C-8 for meats—which now are worth 10 points each. Store Operators Encouraged. One woman shopper, who said she wanted to wait until her Y and Z stamps for meats and K, L and M stamps for processed foods in Book No. 3 were used up, commented that “it’s getting worse every day,” re ferring to the rationing system. The No. 3 book stamps still retain their value of 8, 5, 2 and 1 poihts. A woman clerk in a chain grocery was not very optimistic about the new arrangement. “Some people don’t understand the old system. I wonder what’s going to happen now.” Store operators generally were more encouraged, claiming it would do away with the delay as house wives search through their stack of ration books for the right stamps. Will Be Used as Change. Under the plan, new stamps In Book No. 4, regardless of their print ed value, will be worth 10 points each. If purchases do not amount to an even 10, then consumers will be given red or blue tokens in change. Hie red tokens are for meat and the blue ones for processed fdods, and each is worth one point. The maximum change allowed is nine points. A new set of five blue stamps will be validated the first of each month, and red stamps will become good at the rate of three every two weeks. On the basis, OPA advised a budget averaging 12 points a week from each ration book for processed foods, and 15 points a week for meats, butter and other red-stamp items. One downtown grocery store was without tokens this morning, but the store manager said they were expected in some time during the day. Banks estimated they have distributed only about half the 4, 750,000 tokens allocated to Wash ington. Lt. R. C. Allmendinger Dies in Idaho Crash Arlington Flyer and Five Others Killed in Accident Lt. Robert Charles Allmendinger 27, son of Mr. and Mrs. Martin N, Allmendinger, 733 North Abingdon street, Arlington, was among six crewmen killed yesterday when their heavy bomber crashed near Gowen Field, Idaho, the Associated Press reported from Boise. Lt. Allmendinger, a navigator, had been stationed at Gowen Field pre paratory to being sent overseas. A native of Ann Arbor, Mich., Lt Allmendinger moved to Arlington with his family in 1934. He attend ed George Washington University here and was employed by the Agri culture Department until he en listed in the Army Air Forces in March, 1943. In addition to hir parents, he Is survived by his widi-*r, Mrs. Shirley Allmendinger, and a 3-year-old daughter, Susan Lyn Allmendinger, Boise. Funeral services will be held in Ann Arbor. Others killed were: Second Lt. Walter Louis Mache mer, jr„ pilot, Buffalo; Second Lt. Frank Lee Roberts, bombardier, Birmingham, Ala.; Sergt. Arthur Edgar Jose Lemont, Furnace, Pa.; Sergt. Jack Marion Burnett, Shreve port, La., and Sergt. Perry Lee Ro den, Florence, Ala. Classmates to Attend Rites for Wimsatt Boy Youth Shot Accidentally To Be Buried Tomorrow A requiem mass for Robert Wim satt, 14-year-old son of Col. Robert C. Wimsatt, commanding officer ol Newport Field, Ark., who was killed Saturday by his cousin in an “un loaded-gun” accident, will be said at 10 a.m. tomorrow at the Church oi the Blessed Sacrament, Chevy Chase Circle. Burial will follow in Arlington Cemetery. Classmates at Georgetown Pre paratory School, where the youth had been a student since Septem ber, will attend the services in a body. Young Wimsatt died shortly after his cousin and schoolmate, William W. Hughes, 13, son of Lt. Col. Wil liam J. Hughes, 102 Oxford street, Chevy Chase, accidentally dis charged a .22-caliber automatic tar get pistol with which the boys had been target shooting at the Hughes home. Young Wimsatt was a house guest there. Young Hughes had taken an empty clip from the pistol, but had not realized that a loaded shell remained in the firing cham ber. Col. Hughes is attached to the judge advocate general’s depart ment here. Two GAR Auxiliaries To Meet This Week Phil Sheridan Woman’s Reliel Corps, GAR auxiliary, will meel Thursday night at the Thomas Circle Club. Mrs. Ethel Ferris will preside. Kit Carson Corps will meet Fri day night at the Washington Loan Sc Trust Building to initiate three candidates. Mrs. Una Dorsey will preside. RATION TOKEN SYSTEM GOES INTO EFFECT—Mrs. R. J. Franks, 572 Eighteenth street, Arlington, Va., receives change in tokens as she purchases a pound of butter from John Lieb, market manager. —Star Staff Photo. Red Cross Drive Plans To Be Mapped Today By Theater Managers High Officials to Start $2,666,000 Campaign At Rally Wednesday - Plans to support the District Red Cross War Fund drive were to be .completed at a meeting of more than 100 motion picture theater managers at 1 p.m. today at the Statler Hotel. Meanwhile, Campaign Chairman Lloyd B. Wilson announced that key workers in the general business di vision will meet at 12:30 p.m. Thurs day. The Special Gifts unit will hold a report meeting at 12:30 p.m. tomorrow, and at the same hour Friday. The $2,665,000 Washington cam paign officially starts Wednesday with a rally at the Departmental Auditorium at noon. Speakers will be Secretary of the Navy Knox, Lt. Gen. Brehon Somervell, com manding Army Service Forces; Lt. Gen. Alexander A. Vandegrift, Ma rine Corps commandant, and Mr. Wilson. Four war zone veterans—Technical Sergt. John Gardner, Corpls. Her bert Brasington and Alfred L. Mar tin, and Flight Nurse Second Lt. Henrietta F. Richardson—told their experiences at a Red Cross pageant presented yesterday afternoon in the Hall of Flags. United States Cham ber of Commerce, and urged Wash ington area residents to give funds cheerfully to the humanitarian or ganization. I Sergt. Gardner, who bailed out o! a burning Fortress and fell 4 miles near Lorient, France, said German flak was so thick “I delayed open ing the chute until the last minute." Taken prisoner, he was exchanged last October. Sergt. Gardner said Red Cross food packages proved to be “our salvation in prison camp.” Corpl. Brasington, holder of the Silver Star, was decorated for standing by his machine gun de spite serious wounds in the Mattour fighting. He was captured by Vichy French troops and released last No vember to American forces. Corpl, Martin, another Silver Star veteran, was wounded in Tunisia after rescu ing a gas-blinded buddy who had leaped into the sea from a Coast Guard cutter. The cutter was en veloped in flames from German air plane bombs. Lt. Richardson, who served in the African campaign as a flight nurse ferrying wounded from front lines to rear-line hospitals, was a victim of undulant fever. She took part in a tableaux depicting blood plasma administration on the battlefield. Music was furnished by the Fort Washington Band. Donor Aids Blind The Bristol office of England's national Institute for the Blind has received a package of $200 In nnv. rency, labeled “from Scrooge.” Officials Will View Man-Hour Savings Exhibits Tonight Demonstration to Show How War Workers Aided In Time Conservation Exhibitions demonstrating how war workers have saved their com panies millions of man hours through their suggestions will be previewed tonight by Government, labor and business leaders at the Commerce Department Auditorium. After four previews the public will be admitted free to this labor management production exposition, sponsored by the War Production Board, from Friday through March 11. Charles E. Wilson, WPB executive vice chairman, will welcome guests at the opening tonight. Tomorrow night’s preview will be attended by members of Congress, while Wednesday will be “military night” and Thursday “diplomatic night.” Among those attending the pre views will be Vice President Wal lace, Senate Majority Leader Bark ley, House Minority Leader Martin, Admiral William Leahy, the Presi dent’s chief of staff; Andrei Gromy ko, Russian Ambassador, and Maj Gen. Lucius D. Clay, director ol materiel, Army Service Forces. WPB Chairman Donald M. Nel son will give a luncheon at the Willard Friday honoring eight win ners of war production drive awards The winners, all of whom made suggestions to their companies which assisted in increasing pro duction, are; Erford G. Willis international Business Machines Michael J. Conor, American Type Founders; Donald C. Mullet, North rop Aviation; Fred Ospedale, Pack ard Motor Co.; Max Kholos, West inghouse Electric; Norman K Stump, Goodyear Tire & Rubbei Co.; Roy Sheldrick, Marin Shij Corp., and Mary Fretch, Radio Corp. of America. More than 70 plants are partici pating in the exposition, which wa; arranged through WPB's war pro duction drive. Tom Hand of WPI is manager of the show. Corpl. Darcy, Wounded, Is Returned to States Marine Corpl. Francis Bemari Darcy, whose wife lives at 9405 Say brook avenue, Silver Spring, has re turned from active duty in thi South Pacific area and now is i patient at the Naval Hospital ii Oakland. Calif, Mrs. Darcy has beei informed. His wife makes her home witl her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Franl W. Smith, at the Silver Spring ad dress. Corpl. Darcy, the son of Mr and Mrs. Michael J. Darcy of Deej River, Conn., received the Purpli Heart when he was wounded ir action. “FACTORY WORKER”—A feature of the first national Labor Management Production Exposition is this “factory worker,” forged from brass by the Bridgeport (Conn.) Brass Co. Tom Hand, manager of the exposition, shakes hands with the figure. The exposition-opens for the first of four previews at the Com merce Department Auditorium tonight.—Harris & Ewing Photo. Hearing Opens On 1944 Power Rate Schedules FWA Seeks to Take Part; Sliding-Scale Method Attacked By BAINBRIDGE CRIST. As the annual rate hearings of the Potomac Electric Power Co. opened today before the Public Utilities Commission, the Federal Works Agency asked for the right to intervene and called on the com mission to abrogate the sliding scale arrangement for rate making in effect since 1925. Alan Johnstone, general counsel for the FWA, who presented the petition for intervention, declared his agency was not seeking prefer ential treatment and said the ap plication of the sliding sc".le “under present circumstances and condi tions is not in the public interest and results in a serious injustice to the consumers of electric energy in the District of Columbia.’’ Chairman James H. Flanagan of the PUC said the FWA petition would be taken under advisement. On Saturday the PUC granted a similar motion for intervention by the Procurement Division of\ the Treasury Department, which is rep resented at the hearing by the division’s general counsel, Thurman Hill. Operates 237 Buildings in Area. Mr. Johnstone told the commis sion his agency believes it has a right to take part in the proceed ings because the PWA, through the Public Buildings Administration, operates 237 buildings in the Wash ington Metropolitan Area, paying an annual bill for electric power of more than $3,000,000. Of this amount $2,130,000 went to PEPCO and $900,000 to Braddock Electric Light and Power Co., Inc., a subsidiary of PEPCO, during the fiscal year 1943, he said. In discussing the sliding-scale ar rangement initiated under a consent decree in the courts on December 31, 1924, Mr. Johnstone's petition charged that it “is predicated upon a wholly unrealistic valuation basis, complemented by an unsound 'de preciation policy, and results in an excessive return to the Potomac Electric Power Co. “Whether such results flow from the intrinsic defects of the scheme itself or from the erroneous and improper interpretation and appli cation of the provisions of the con sent decree is not material. The evils can be wholly eliminated only by completely abolishing such an antiquated method for fixing rates for electric service in the District.” Unreasonable Rates Charged. FWA further argued that the sliding ■ scale resulted in unreason able rates because yie V^lue of the ’ properties representing the rate base of PEPCO under the arrange ment does not actually constitute the present, fair value of the prop erties. It contended that in determining valuation for rate-making purposes, the actual “legitimate cost of the company’s property used and useful in rendering the services with the necessary pragmatic adjustments should be controlling.” In his oral arguments, Mr. John stone said rates had been estab lished under peacetime conditions and that their application in war time, when there was an unusual demand for power, resulted in “un due profits.” Emphasizing that the Govern ment was not seeking a preferential rate, he said private enterprise was I also being “unjustly burdened.” Accountant Testifies. This year’s hearing is not only to . determine the rates for 1944 under [ the sliding-scale arrangement, but , involves an investigation of the i sliding scale itself. The first witness for the PUC was its chief account i ant, V. A. McElfresh, who presented ; a series of exhibits on the financial operations of the company from 1925 through 1942. i The figures presented by Mr. ■ McElfresh show the rate of return . has been reduced from 7.5 per cent in 1925 to the present rate of 6 per cent, and that the cents per kilo watt-hour have gone down for resi dential sales from 5.19 in 1929 to 2.43 in 1942. Similarly, the commercial rate during the same period went down from 2.96 to 1.34 cents per kilowatt-hour. Ramspeck Convalescing Representative Ramspeck, Demo crat, of Georgia was reported in “fine” condition today at the Beth esda Naval Hospital, where he is recovering from an emergency ap pendectomy. He probably will re main at the hospital another 10 days, it was said. Daily Rationing T^Remindersfto Canned and Frozen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4, green stamps K, L and M valid through March 20 and retain old values of 8. 5, 2 and 1 points. Book No. 4, blue stamps A-8, B-8, C-8, D-8 and E-8 valid through May 20 and worth 10 points each. Blue tokens and green 1-point stamps may be used as change. Meats, Fats, Etc. — Book No. 3, brown stamps Y and Z valid through March 20 and retain old values of 8, 5, 2 and 1 points. Book No. 4, red stamps A-8, B-8 and C-8 good through May 20 and worth 10 points each. Red tokens and brown 1-point stamps may be used as change. Sugar—Book No. 4. Stamp 30 valid for 5 pounds indefinitely. Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 pounds for home canning through February 28. 1945. Gasoline—No. 9-A coupons good for 3 gallons through May 8. B-2 and C-2 coupons in books issued since December 1 are good for 5 gallons. Tire Inspection Deadlines—For A coupon holders, March 31. For B coupon holders, tomorrow. Fuel Oil—Period No. 3 coupons good through March 13. Period No. 4 coupons valid through September 30. Nos. 3 and 4 coupons good for 10 gallons per unit. Consumers in this area should not have used more than 74 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil rations as of Feb r— ?n.