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Barkley’s Honorable Act
Decision to Put Duty Before Convenience Called Vitpl to Public Life By DAVID LAWRENCE. Something happened in the innermost recesses of the mind of j single individual last week—and yet that something made so profounc an impression far beyond the customary reaches of a single person’i influence that the National Capital, and perhaps the country, too, has not ceased to talk about it That something was a conflict between Dersonal convenience and public duty, between the claims of personal friendship and the claims of the public in terest, and be cause Senator Barkley of Ken tucky made his decision in favor of independence and duty he has been overwhelm ed with letters and telegrams and personal ex pressions of more than passing significance. The ' incident has in it a deep seated lesson. David Lawrence. The point will be missed if the episode is glossed over with the statement that it “clears the air,” or that the relations between the Congress and the President, or be tween the President and his party will be “better than ever.” This is merely the tactfully expressed hope of those with whom the wish is father to the thought—the appre hension really of those who like to smooth over what they fear might become reorganization of the Demo cratic party. It could, of course, mean better relations bettween Mr. Roosevelt and his party, between the executive and the legislative branches of the Government, but it can mean that only if the true nature of Mr. Barkley’s dilemma is analyzed and taken to heart by the President. The Kentucky Senator learned at the White House last Monday that notwithstanding seven months of hard work by both parties and by both houses of Congress, the Presi dent was going to do the unprec edented thing of vetoing a tax bill. When Senator Barkley went home that night he realized that the next day it would be his obligation as majority leader—under the then exciting concept of a majority leader’s job—to ask his colleagues xu vine xu susiam me veto, jlx xie consulted his convenience, he would go along as he had obediently done many times before. If he consulted his conscience, he would not ask the Senate to do something which In his heart he knew was wrong. He sought nobody’s advice—it was a matter of his own conscience—and he decided that the honorable thing to do was to resign the majority leadership and take whatever con sequence ensued. All around Senator Barkley in the House and Senate are men who have had in the past and will have in the future the same kind of a decision to make—as between convenience, conformity, acquiescence and the pain of a public break with party or party leadership on a matter of principle. If both the President and Congress should perceive the real triumph that came to the Kentucky Senator, if our public men could feel the sat isfaction that comes when the soul of a man rises above every selfish Interest or ambition, maybe the un derstanding ones would find in the plaudits of their countrymen some day a compensation that mere elec tion to three terms in the presidency cannot equal. There's a book just issued by the Commission on American Citizen ship of Catholic University. It is called “Better Men for Better Times” and there’s a pasage in it worth quoting not with personal reference to either the President or Senator Barkley but as a superb statement of what might be termed the human law of compensations. It says: “Human happiness is the result of the practice of virtue. Peace and contentment are born of self-disci pline, which is nothing more than the subordination of all our im pulses and inward drives to the law of right reason. * * * “Every day experience bears elo quent and inescapable witness to the fact that they seek for happiness In vain who in the quest lose their own souls or any part of them. The thrill that was expected from the wielding of great power fails to ma terialize when there is no getting away from the consciousness of in ward weakness. The possession of riches cannot compensate for the torturing realization that they were won at the price of honor. No posi tion in society can bring Joy to the man who realizes that he has at tained it the wrong way and who knows his life is a living lie. "On the other hand, there is hap piness in the heart of him who prizes a right conscience above pub lic opinion, integrity over personal gain, and who refuses to make com promise with principle, even though by every conventional standard his life might be Judged a failure.” Haskin's Answers to Questions A reader can get the answer to any Question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau. Fred eri'> J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp for return postage. By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. Q. How much of the earth’s sur face has been mapped?—R. D. F. A. Of the 57 million square miles of land, 40 million are either un mapped or poorly mapped. Q. Is the Emperor of Japan a scientist?—J. F. M. A. Emperor Hirohito is interested in scientific research, especially in the field of bio-chemistry. He is reported to spend some time daily in his laboratory. Q. Have any American painters been requested to paint self-por traits for the Ufflzi Gallery in Flor ence, Italy?—A. L. S. A. This honor came to such dis tinguished painters as John Singer Sargent, William Merritt Chase and Cecilia Beaux. Q. How much exemption is al lowed the President in estimating his income tax?—M. R. B. A. The President receives the same exemption as any other mar ried man in the payment of his in come tax, $1,200. Q. Is there such a thing as an al bino elephant?—G. R. C. A. Albmos occur among elephants, but they are not pure white. They are a pale shade of gray. Their rarity has made them valuable. Bamum bought one in Siam in 1883. Q. What is the membership of the American Legion?—E. L. H. A. As of December 31, 1943, mem bership in the American Legion to taled 1,172,499. There has been an estimated 12 per cent increase since that date. Q. What are the principal librar ies in Russia?—L. B. G. A. The Leningrad National Public Library dates back to the time of Catherine the Great and since the Revolution has been greatly en larged. The number of volumfes is said to be 6,000,000. The All-Union Lenin Library of Moscow is the principal one in the Soviet Union. A great national library was also established at Kiev. Q. Should the serial number be included in addressing a letter to a soldier?—B. F. A. The Army Postal Service says that a soldier’s serial number should be included in his address. Q. How nearly completed is a warship when it is launched?—J. J. A. The Navy Department says that a battleship is approximately 60 or 70 per cent complete when launched, depending on the con ditions under which it is built. Q. How long has the Pole Star been used for calculating direction? —C. L. A. Polaris was known to the an cients and was spoken of as the “Star at the End of the Tail of the Little Bear.” The constellation of Ursa Minor, which includes the Pole Star, was mentioned by Thalefc in the 7th century B.C. The Greeks referred it it as the Cynosura and the Phoenicians as Phoenice. Ob servations of this constellation were used in navigation. LOANS TO PAY INCOME TAXES A message to the person who has been unable to save sufficient money to pay his income taxes on March 15 Everyone should pay income taxes out of savings or current income if possible. But you may not have been able to save up enough to make all your payments due March 15. If you intend to get a loan to pay your taxes and repay later out of earnings, Household’s plan can help you. Put taxM on a monthly paymont plan You may borrow $50, $100, $200 or more quickly and simply—and repay on the schedule that best fits your own situation. The wise policy is to borrow no more than you need—and to repay as rapidly as possible. If you have to make quarterly tax payments in 1944, the 3-payment plan will re pay your loan by the time your next tax instalment is due. If you have to pay a tax on March 15 only, you may prefer to take somewhat longer to re pay your loan. With the choice of loan plans shown in the table below you can budget your taxes in almost any way you prefer. All you do Borrowing at Household Finance is a quick, simple transaction. Just tell us how much you need and how you wish to repay. We require no endorsers or I- "" '■ — guarantors, no recommendations from friends, relatives or employer. If you have a job or other source of regular income, you are welcome to apply for a salary, car or furniture loan of $50 to $300. Payments shown in the table in clude principal and all charges and repay loans in full. The sooner you repay the less your loan costs. A $50 loan repaid in six monthly instal ments of $8.93 each costs $3.58, if repaid in three monthly instalments costs $2.02. Charges are at the rate of 2% per month on unpaid balances. This rate is substantially less than the maximum prescribed by the Mary land Small Loan Law. If you need additional cash to pay your income taxes, or for any other purpose, write, phone or visit Household Finance. FREE-INCOME TAX GUIDE! Nearly everyone mint file a return on March IS. You ml ma> als0 bate to make as many as three different tax payments. This new guide tells *ou i0 ma*t oui y°ur \ return, how to figure out your taxes. Ash for Jree copy. No obligation. HOUSIHOID BUDGET LOAN PLAN AMOUNT Monthly paymanti Including all chargat OF 3 4 6 9 ~2 LOAN Payments payments payments payments payment! $ 50 $ 17.34 $13.13 $ 8.93 $ 6.13 75 26.01 19.70 13.39 9.19 $ 7.09 100 34.68 26.26 17.85 12.25 9.46 125 43.34 32.83 22.32 15.31 11.82 150 52.01 39.39 26.78 18.38 14.18 200 69.35 52.52 35.71 24.50 18.91 250 86.69 65.66 44.63 30.63 23.64 SllO 104.03 78.79 53.56 36.75 28.37 >—• • «%-! WE guarantee that these payments will repay loans in full, if paymenu are made on schedule. Total cost will be re duced if payments are made ahead of schedule. Payments include charges at Household’s rate of 2% per month on unpaid balances. This rate is substan tially less than the maximum prescribed by the Maryland Small Loan Law. | PRESIDENT HOUSEHOLD FINANCE CORPORATION HOUSEHOLD FINANCE -_ Ground Floor, 7914-16 Georgia Avenue * Phone: SLigo 4400, SILVER SPRING ■ FOR VICTORY BUY WAR SAVINGS STAMPS EVERY PAY-DAY — French Patriots Kill Thousands of Nazis And Collaborationists (Taylor Henry was chief of the I Associated Press bureau in Vichy i at the time of the German occu pation. He now is in Portugal awaiting repatriation after more than a year in German intern ment camps at Lourdes, France, and Baden-Baden, Germany. The Swedish exchange liner Gripsholm is scheduled to sail from Lisbon March 4 with United States and Latin American na tionals.) By TAYLOR HENRY, Associated Press Correspondent. LISBON, Feb. 28.—Virtual civil war in France between partisans ot the United Nations and German supporters has resulted in the death of thousands of collaborationist Frenchmen and members of the German Army of Occupation with only nominal casualties to the “Friends of America,” as many of the partisans call themselves. During the last six months, ac cording to the best available figures, this French terror has spelled death to at least 1,500 French police and militia, and half as many civilian collaborationists, and to between 1,500 and 2,000 German troops. Widespread as these figures indl cate the terrorist activity to be, it is WOOLENS 100% all-wool materials including gabardines, worsteds, cheviots, cov erts, tweeds and tropical worsteds lor men's and women’s Spring clothing. Capitol Woolen Hou*e 819 Oth St. N.W. MEt. 3379 » nothing u compared with sabotage,] one of the French patriots’ main contribution to the United Nations war eflorf. 15,000 Bomb Attacks. The latest round-number figures on sabotage indicate partisans have made 15,000 bomb attacks, 1,000 di rect attacks against railroads carry ing supplies and men for Germany, and some 750 attacks on city halls in various towns and villages to ob tain food tickets and supplies to care for the growing terrorist organ ization. Most of these have been individual attacks, and do not include the in creasing warfare between organized terorrlst troops and Joseph Dar nand's French Gestapo, which in the last few weeks has been making Inroads against the terrorists with German help. German SS commanders in oc cupied territory have taken much of the initiative in attacking terrorist groups, and have been responsible for the execution of several hundred persons in the last few months, in cluding women. 50 Executed at One Time. Mass executions of as many as 50 persons at a time have taken place, at such places as Paris, Orleans and Amiens. Some were executed after trial by German military courts and others shot under order of local Ger man SS commanders. One of the sore spots for French patriots with whom I talked on my way through France was the fact that while the Germans were exe cuting Frenchmen and women who were fighting their country’s battle against the occupation troops, Mar shal Henri Petaln in an official Vichy ceremony laid wreaths on the graves of German dead at the same A Few Drops Up Each Nostril Quickly Relievo Head Cold Stuffiness This Specialized Medication Works Fast Right Where Trouble Isl Grand relief from sniffly, sneezy, stuffy distress of head colds comes fast as Va-tro-nol spreads through the nose, reduces swollen membranes—soothes irritation, relieves mbmmmm congestion, helps clear cold-clogged nasal passages. WlCRS And makes breathing easier in a hurry, ua ■ms maaa Try itl Follow directions in package. v JlaTROaNwL time that he honored those French] soldiers killed In the fighting around Vichy in the last days of the war. The extent of Free French influ ence in the Vichy regime can be estimated from the fact that letters bearing a stamp with the picture of Gen. Charles de Gaulle are post marked and sent from the Vichy post office u a matter of ordinary routine. Labor Crisis Eased Acute labor shortage in Costa Rica has been relieved by release of work ers from the military highway. New Fuel Found Switzerland has placed on the market a new fuel of paraldehyde and methanol which works best when blended with ordinary gas oline. ♦ that men may LIVE j to build a better world Safe... because modern science... in this case rubber science... found a way to close bullet holes in gas tanks. Thousands of planes have returned to their bases literally riddled with bullets that a few years ago would have crashed or burst into flames in mid-air. . Uv. M 3.;-^ Thousands of boys have lived to fly again. The development of the self-sealing fuel cell (gas tank) has saved practically as many lives as any single safety device. Yes, research and experiment have reduced even the hazards of combat flying. f We have come a long way since United States Rubber Company submitted its first self-sealing fuel cell to the leaders of our armed forces, prior to the war. Synthetics have taken the place of natural rubber. Many other laboratory developments have perfected the equipment which we still cannot talk about. This fuel cell development and its production have been part of our share in the war effort. Let us give you another picture. If it had not been for the encouragement and enthusiasm of the leaders of our armed forces, their insistence that items to save ] men’s lives be given preference in material and production, these things could not have been done. Industry, with the Army and Navy working hand in-hand, overcoming every discouragement, has given our boys the finest equipment today and will continue to give them such equipment tomorrow. 1 SERVING THROUGH SCIENCE SAVINS LIVES WITH SULLET-SEALINS FUEL CELLS RIDDLED WITH BULLET HOLES ... but safe because the bullet-sealing fuel cells, made of synthetic rubber and fabric, eeal up the holes automatically the instant‘they are made, pro tecting the precious fuel supply. See how these life-saving, bullet-sealing fuel cells work. THIS IS A FUEL CELL.. .built to fit inside the wing or fuselage. (A) is a strong, outside vail of synthetic rubber and fabric. (B) is the sticky sealing material. (C) is the inner lining of specially compounded, gasoline-resisting, synthetic rubber. A BULLET PIERCES THE FUEL CELL...When the bullet penetrates the outside wall of the fuel cell (A), the layer of sticky, elastic sealing material (B) surrounds the bullet. The sealant springs to gether quickly and closes the hole as the bullet passes through. THE HOLE SEALS UP . . . Some of the fuel touches the sealant (B) and makes it swell, com pleting the seal. Science has used the natural stickiness of rubber and the basic conflict of rubber and gasoline to seal the bullet holes, to save lives and speed the victory. Listen to the Philharmonic-Symphony program over the CBS network Sunday afternoon, 3DO to 4:30 E.W.T. Carl Van Doren and a guest star present an interlude of historical significance. UNITED STATES RU BER COMPANY tiao SIXTH AVENUE . ROCKEFELLER CINTIR • NIW YORK 20. N; Yi • IN CANADAi DOMINION RUBBER CO„ LTD.