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Rain, with moderate temperature to night. Tomorrow clear, cold, windy. Temperatures today—Highest, 43, at 5 a.m.; lowest, 29, at 3 a.m.; 38, at 1 p.m. yesterday—Highest, 59, at 5:20 p.m.; lowest, 29, at 7:10 a.m. Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales, Page A-ll. _ - -* Guide for Readers Page. Amusements - B-10 Comics ..B-8-9 Editorials .A-6 Edlt’l Articles . A-7 Finance .A-ll Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary .A-IO Radio .B-9 Society .B-3 Sports .A-12 Real Estate — .B-2-3 Church News...A-10 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,466. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, MARCH 4, 1944—TWENTY-TWO PAGES. *** IMSSS. THREE CENTS. S&*™ U. S. Heavy Bombers Raid Berlin For First Time, Germans Report; Big Attack Declared Beaten Off - !777-7-.-■ =1 'Whole Air Force Up There Today/ Flyer Declares BULLETIN. LONDON (/P).—United States Army headquarters an nounced today that American heavy bombers attacked tar gets in Eastern Germany and that one formation “reported attacking a target in the Ber lin district.” In conflicting statements, a German propaganda agency, the International Informa tion Bureau, broadcast that bombs showered on the city, while the official DNB news agency said not a single ex plosive fell on Ber in itself. By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 4.—American heavy bombers bombed Berlin for the first time today, the Ber lin radio said, as United States headquarters announced with out naming the target that Fly ing Fortresses and Liberators had struck at objectives in the Reich. The German broadcast said the raid on the German capital was a repetition of an attack which failed yesterday. United States headquar ters announced yesterday, however, only that American fighter planes had made an offensive sweep over Berlin and made no reference to bombers. “This time the attack was flown from a westerly direction,”, the broadcast said. “Only a small part of the American formation—which was strongly escorted by fighters— reached Berlin,” it continued. ivepon strong ueiense. "They encountered very strong de fense and had to jettison their bombs or were compelled to release them without taking aim as they were hard pressed by Germa% fighters. Several U. S. A. planes brought down, crashed in the immediate vicinity of the capital. "At the time when the bombers approached Reich territory, the sky was clouded. On their return the bombers once more were engaged ip fierce air combats. Planes were observed to crash all over areas de fended by anti-aircraft guns.” Berlin has been a goal for Ameri can flyers ever since they began operations in the European theater, but if the German reports were true this was the first time they had an opportunity to take part in the destruction of the capital begun— and almost finished—by the RAF. Bitterly Cold Skies.. The daylight operation against the German capital had awaited de velopment of P-38 and P-51 long range fighters necessary to protect the bombers along the heavily de fended course to the target, at least 575 miles from British bases. The bombers plowed through bit terly cold skies at temperatures at low as 45 degrees below zero in their daylight blow at the Reich. "It was plenty cold,” reported Lt L. R. Morgan of Worland. Wyo., a (See RAIDS, Page A-2.) Turks Reported Aiding Bulgarian Peace Bid Said to Have Promised Contact With Allies By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 4.—An Istanbul dispatch to the London Daily Mail said yesterday that Turkey had promised an unofficial Bulgarian en voy to submit to the Allies any Bul garian request for peace. Tire envoy was identified as Prof. Sevov, a close friend of the late King Boris, and he was said to have been in Turkey a month “trying to de termine the best means of his coun try withdrawing from the war.” He was reported now on the way to Sofia. A Cairo dispatch noted that Bul garia’s headaches are sure to be in creased by the peace pact ending civil war between the Greek Andarte bands to concentrate on the invader Many Bulgarian troops are known to be stationed in Greece. A Moscow broadcast reported by the Office of War Information said last night that the capture of Hun garian infantrymen, tank crews and airmen by the Russians belied Buda pest assertions that Hungarian troops were not engaged in front line fighting, but were in “security services.” Hungarians “are playing a dan gerous game,” said the broadcast and "when the hour of reckoning comes they will get what they de serve/] Design for Germany Emil Ludwig, famous Ger man-born historian, gives his views on how Germany should be governed during the occu pation which is to come. He explains proposed “zones of occupation” and offers 14 points of advice to American officers. Read his thought-provok ing article in the Editorial Feature Section tomorrow in £>uniiay &tar Allies Smash 3 Small Attacks On Beachhead German Stabs Weak After Failure of All-Out Offensive By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NAPLES, Mar. 4.—Three small German attacks against the beachhead below Rome were smashed yesterday and Thurs day as the Nazis continued to stab weakly at the Allied lines after the failure of their latest all-out offensive, headquarters announced today. A dusk assault against American troops along the Cisterna-Montello I road Thursday was beaten back by ' artillery fire and three tanks were destroyed. Two strong enemy patrols ; probing British positions around i Carroceto were dispersed and in filtration attempts in the Moletta ! River area also failed. Unfavorable weather curtailed i ground operations on all the fronts, a communique said, with action in the Cassino area limited to “normal patrolling and exchanges of fire.” The 8th Army repulsed a small Nazi thrust in the mountains. rive i>azi Divisions used. Allied officers estimate at least five Nazi divisions were used In the recent costly offensive against the beachhead. Three German divisions had previously been identified in the assault, but the Allied com mand later learned the crack Her mann Goering Panzer Division and the 715th Infantry also were em ployed. The latter outfit suffered heavy casualties in both of the last two offensives. Since the British and Americans landed below Rome January 22 they i have taken more than 3,500 pris-: oners, a spokesman said. The Allied air forces yesterday struck slashing blows at German communications in Northern Italy and in Rome, blasting railways, de jstroying a number of locomotives ' and cannonading shipping and dock areas. Eleven German planes were j destroyed against a loss of 10 Allied ' craft. One company of German infantry attacked Indian troops near the mountain village of Fallascoco, ] southwest of Torricella on the 8th i Army front, but were driven off with 'casualties, leaving four prisoners in Allied hands. Patrols Maintain Close Contact. On that front Allied patrols main tained close contact with the Ger ! mans, a Canadian patrol capturing a machine gun in the Crecchio area. Another Canadian patrol am bushed a German party in a night action near Orsogna. inflicting casualties, Polish patrols also were active. Spitfires again blasted the Yugo slav coast, smashing two locomotives and machine-gunning trains, and Wellington night bombers followed up the blows with a smash last night at Zara, Italian port on the Dal matian coast, with two-ton bombs. Zara is one of the major intakes for German reinforcements and sup plies in the battle against Yugoslav Partisans. Bomb-strike photos showed that about 2,000 pieces of rolling stock were in the heavily-hit Littorio yards, about 5 miles north of the center of Rome. Two minor explo sions and fires, appearing to be in a munitions dump, were observed at the Tiburtina yards. Religious Monuments Avoided. Headquarters declared that care jwas used to avoid religious and cul tural monuments in the Eternal City “as in previous attacks.” Tracks were torn up in the Tibur tina yards and bombs set fire to storage depots and hit nearby ware houses, damaging two industrial plants nearby. About 30 German fighters chal lenged the Flying Fortresses over the Rome area. The bomber gunners shot down five and escorting Thun derbolts destroyed six. Marauders following the heavy bombers over Rome attacked the Ostiense rail yards in the southern part of the city through which Ger man supplies to the 5th Army fronts pass Liberators went north of Rome to bomb airfields, but a heavy overcast prevented accurate observ ation of the results. Entertainment Places To Be Closed in Tokio Ey the Associates Press NEW YORK, Mar. 4.—A total of 9,800 “high-class entertainment” places in Tokio, ranging from the Imperial Hotel’s restaurant to a long string of geisha houses, will be closed tomorrow under a measure adopted by Premier Tojo’s govern ment to “fit the mode of public living to wartime requirements,” the Japanese Domei agency said today. In' a wireless dispatch beamed to . North American and recorded by the United States Foreign Broad cast Intelligence Service, Domei said 35.000 employes would be re leased for “mobilization in muni tions factories and other wartime industrial plants.” John L. Pickering Dies SPRINGFIELD, 111., Mar. 4 (/p.— John L. Pickering, 84, collector of internal revenue under the Wilson administration, died last night. Vichyite Testifies Giraud Called Him to Africa Ex-Minister Asserts He Helped Prevent Nazi Occupation , By the Associated Press. ALGIERS, Mar. 4.—Former Vichy Minister of the Interior Pierre Pucheu, opening his defense against charges of treason, told a special French military tribunal today that he came to North Africa at Gen. Henri Giraud's own invita tion. He called on the French com mander in chief, who had been summoned as a defense witness, to corroborate him. Gen. Giraud, whc received confirmation yesterday of his daughter's death in Germany, was not present. Pucheu accused the French Com mittee of National Liberation of putting Vichy on trial, and then as serted that Vichy prevented Ger man occupation of North Africa and preserved it for the Allies. The former minister said he reached an understanding with Gen. Giraud in France, in October, 1942, whereby Pucheu would come to North Africa, not for a political post, but to join a fighting unit. Gen. Giraud is expected to appear before the court later to substan tiate or deny this. He claimed that as interior min ister he "slowed down" the Vichj police and prevented the arrests oi resistance leaders, including Henr Frenay. Frenay, a member of th< French National Committee, als< will be called as a defense witness Narva Reported Fired By Germans Before Advancing Reds Russian Forces Push Into Pskov From East After Gains in North By the Associate* Hess. LONDON, Mar. 4.—Russian troops have smashed their way into the outskirts of the Baltic gateway city of Pskov from the east, Moscow announced today, and unofficial Soviet reports said the Germans have put the torch to the anclentr Estonian fortress town of Narva before the ap proaching Red forces. Even before yesterday’s advance the Russians had plunged to within six miles of Pskov from the north. Seventeen miles southeast of Pskov Soviet spearheads fought their way to within six miles of the Pskov-Warsaw railway, one of two last escape, rail routes open to the Pskov garrison, the Moscow bulletin said, and were closing in on the rail town of Ostrov. Enlarge Foothold. On the Narova River bridgehead south of Narva, Gen.' Leonid A. Govorov’s troops pressed westward against subborn Nazi resistance and succeeded in enlarging their foot hold on the west bank, killing more than 2,300 Germans in the last 48 hours, Moscow reported. Gen. Gov orov’s troops had previously reached Auvere, nine miles west of Narva, cutting the railway leading to Re val, practically isolating the Narva garrison. Berlin admitted Russian gains in the Narva area, described the fight ing as “exceptionally embittered” and said “the enemy continues to attack without interruption.” Indicative of the fight the Ger mans were planning at Pskov, key to what is left of their communi cations and supply system in North ern Russia, Moscow said “the enemy has transformed all populated places situated on the approaches to Pskov into powerful centers of de fense and is putting up strong artillery resistance.” 17 Towns Captured. Nevertheless, according to the Russian communique, the Red Army troops captured 17 towns and four railway stations In yesterday’s fight ing, bringing their lines to a point eight miles southeast of Pskov at Pokhvalshchina. Another town en gulfed in the Soviet drive waa Sysaeva, 17 miles southeast of Pskov and six miles from the Pskov-War saw trunk line. The lunge into the eastern out skirts of Psvok came when Soviet units smashed forward for six miles to capture the suburban town of Maloye Pomkino, five miles away. The Germans left more than 800 dead on the battlefield, the Moscow bulletin said. Three of the railway stations swept into the Russian bag were on the Pskov-Polotsk railway. British Average Wages Up 76% During War By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 4.—The Ministry of Labor disclosed last night that the average wages of all skilled and unskilled workers in Britain in creased 76 per cent from October, 1938, the last normal prewar figure, to July, 1943. The cost of living rose 30 per cent in the same period, and, with ration ing and shortages, most workers are making more than they can spend, the ministry said. The average weekly earnings of more than 6,000,000 manual workers in July, 1943, was 818.75. The aver age work week for men rose from 47.7 hours in 1938 to 524 in 1943 and for women from 434 to 454 during the same period. Americans Fight Way Inland in Admiralties Japs Resisting Bitterly From Ridge Positions By the Assocleter Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Mar. 4.— Reinforced American invaders of Los Negros in the Admiralty Islands are moving inland against Japanese bitterly resist ing from ridge positions. The Yanks are now a mile and three quarters inland. The several thousand Japanese also are being reinforced from Manus Island on the west in the battle for a dominant position In the Bismarck Sea. (The Japanese Domei agency said today in an English-lan guage wireless transmission to the United States that "heavy fighting" was in progress in the Admiralty Islands, especially on Los Negros, despite "inclement weather.” (The dispatch, for American j consumption, declared "fighting is continuing in the torrential rain and deep mire,” and added: ! (“With the arrival of fresh reinforcements from a nearby island, Japanese garrison forces are reported preparing to launch a general offensive.”) Japs Pounded From Air. The Japanese are undergoing a terrific pounding from Mitchell bombers and Boston attack planes and the only appearance of their plane# since the invasion opened Tuesday resulted in a costly defeat. This was the situation depicted today in a headquarters com munique. Destroyers put dismounted caval rymen of the 6th Army ashore at Los Negros on the northeastern side of the Admiralties Tuesday to test enemy strength there. The Japa nese, obviously expecting any attack on the Admiralties to come from the south, were so outmaneuvered that the landing force quickly cap tured Momote airdrome. | After Gen. Douglas MacArthur personally inspected the scene and counterattacks by numerically su perior forces of Japanese were thrown back, a full-fledged invasion was decided on and reinforcements were landed Thursday. Head quarters said today that more enemy counterblows were blunted that day and yesterday the invaders moved slowly ahead from the airfield. 8 Jap Planes Shot Down. Deprived of air support in the Admiralties by the bombing out of Lorengau airfield on Manus and the capture of Momote on Los Negros, the Japanese finally got a formation of 15 planes over the invasion scene, presumably from New Guinea bases more than 200 miles to the west. A group of Thunderbolts only half that size shot down eight of the formation definitely and are be lieved to have bagged four others. The invaders hastily constructed pillboxes and dug foxholes to strengthen their positions along the 1-mile north-and-south beachhead while engineers repaired the cap tured airfield, slowed up in their work by rain. The bad weather prevented planes from flying to Rabaul from the Sol omons, as they had for 15 straight days, but the Solomons air force was busy at home. Around the air base perimeter at Empress Augusta Bay on Bougainville Island, Daunt lesses and Avengers dropped 110 tons of explosives on the Japanese and farther to the south on the same island • Army bombers and fighters dumped 84 tons on the enemy’s Kahili airdrome. : ■ i Subcommittee Votes to Cite Daniels for Contempt of Senate Full Committee Due to Act Next Week On Refusal to Testify in REA Probe A Senate Agriculture Subcom mittee voted unanimously today to recommend contempt pro ceedings against Jonathan Dan iels, one of President Roosevelt’s administrative assistants, for re fusal to answer questions in the investigation of the Rural Elec trification Administration. Chairman Smith said the recom mendation would be submited to the full committee which will prob ably decide next week whether to i take the issue to the Senate. Sen ator Smith also is chairman of the | full committee. The subcommittee recommedation, ; Senator Smith said, will be that Mr. Daniels "be brought before the Sen ate to show cause why he should I not be adjudged in contempt.” Senator Smith said the intention j of the subcommittee, subject to ap proval by the full committee, is that the Senate conduct proceedings itself rather than refer it to a Federal court. Attorneys said the contempt ac tion, if ordered, would be the first ever undertaken by Congress against an official of the executive branch of the Government. It would open the way for a decision on whether the Senate’s power to punish private individuals for refusal to testify also applies to these officials. Mr. Daniels had refused to supply, the subcommittee with information it requested, maintaining that it is confidential between the President and himself, and that it would not serve the public interest. Subcommittee members took the view that his refusal amounted to a challenge of the authority of Con gress to compel testimony of public (See DANIELS, Page A-2.) Finland Is Reported Ready to Present Answer to Russia Reply Said to Request Clarification of Terms, Further Negotiations By the Associate.! Press. STOCKHOLM. Mar. 4.—The Stockholm Tidningen, quoting private sources, said today that Juho K. Paasikivi, who repre sented Finland in arranging the 1940 peace, would arrive in Stockholm soon with Finland’s answer to Russia’s peace terms. The newspaper said the replv would be handed to Mme. Alexandra Kollontay, Soviet Ambassador to Sweden, and would ask for clarifica tion of certain of the terms. The reply was said to express a desire to continue the negotiations. Earlier the Stockholm Dagens Nyheter said the Finnish Parliament i had rejected the Soviet demands for ! internment of German troops now in Finland and restoration of the 1940 boundaries. The newspaper asserted the Fin nish government was still drafting 1 its reply to Russia, but added that it was understood the negotiations would be handled in such a way as not to break the contact with Russia. Allehanda's Helsinki correspond ent said ‘‘it is clear the Finnish gov ernment has received new informa tion” regarding the armistice con ditions and had found a way of re suming negotiations. Finland’s Social Democratic press ■ was said to be emphasizing now that : a way out must be found and that Finland cannot continue at war with : her great neighbor. It was learned through other sources that the Parliament's vote of confidence in the government in the peace crisis was 105 to 80. Services Held in White House As Roosevelt Begins 12th Year Beginning his 12th year in office, President Roosevelt attended reli gious services today in keeping with the annual custom he established on the day of his inauguration. He heard his friend and teacher, the Rev. Dr. Endicott Peabody, head master emeritus of Groton School, pray for divine guidance for “Thy servant, Franklin, the President of the United States, and all others in authority.” The ceremony, in accordance with the Episcopal ritual, was held in the east room of the White House. Members of the Roosevelt family, the Supreme Court, cabinet and Congress and heads of the various agencies were present with their wives. Dr. Peabody prayed for social justice; for those in the service and for the enemies now engaging this Nation on the battlefield. He bespoke strength and health for the leaders of the country and finally, for estab lishment of a just peace among the nations of the world. The settee was opened by the singing of the processional hymn— “On God, Our Help in Ages Past”— by a mixed choir from St. John's Church, and the Scripture was read by the Rev. Howard S. Wilkinson, rector of St. Thomas’ Church, of which the President is a communi cant. The Rev. John G. Magee, minis ter in charge of St. John’s Church, and the Rev. Howard A. Johnson, curate of St. John’s also assisted in the ceremony. Robed acolytes bearing the United states, presi dential and the United Nations flags, stood by the lectern, where the services were centered. Sitting with the President were Mrs. Roosevelt, their daughter, Mrs. John Boettiger; and John, jr.; Fred eric A. Delano, the President’s uncle, and Miss Margaret Suckley, Mrs. Roosevelt’s cousin. Crown Prince Olav of Norway and Crown Princess Martha, with their three children, were present. Vice President Wallace, Speaker Rayburn and House Majority Leader McCormack also attended. Last night the President and Mrs. Roosevelt were hosts at a cabinet dinner, an annual affair, to com memorate his first inauguration on March 4. 1933. French Trained Here May Rule Liberated Soil of Own Nation Plans for Participation In Invasion of Europe Considered by Roosevelt By the Associated Press. French officers, trained in mil itary Government schools in the United States, may lead French troops in the invasion of Europe and rule liberated areas when Allied military authorities re linquish direct control. That such a plan is being con sidered, and that the French officers have been receiving their training in this country, was disclosed by the French military mission today. Meanwhile, it was announced by the War Shipping Administration that under a British-American French agreement, a "substantial number” of French ships requisi tioned after the fall of France will be turned back to the French Com mittee on National Liberation at Algiers. * Reported Up to Roosevelt. It is reported that a plan for the French troop participation in the invasion, with the United States trained French officers leading them, has been discussed by Gen Charles de Gaulle and Allied mili tary authorities, and that it now is being considered by President Roosevelt. French spokesmen here assert that they now have enough officers pre pared to take over. Hie Frencli have urged that military govern ment officers be selected by the committee at Algiers, but the Amer icans and the British have not yet approved the plans. Algiers Would Pick Prefects. The plan for governing liberated areas in France, as outlined by the French delegation here, provides foi appointment by the Algiers com mittee of prefects in each com munity liberated. The Allied high command will decide when an area is to be con sidered out of the military zone and in the liberated territory. Municipal elections are to be helc as the prefects are appointed, fol lowed by departmental election! when whole departments are fre< from the enemy. Each department is to send 14 delegates to the assembly at Algiers When two-thirds of France, includ ing Paris, has been liberated, ar assembly composed of the electee delegates (269), 100 elected by thi National Council of Resistance anc 50 designated by the Departmenta Electoral Colleges and approved bj the resistance council is to elect t provisional chief of government. Then, the plan provides that th< Algiers assembly will dissolve itsel: and turn over its power to the chie of government. When all Prance li free and French prisoners have beei returned from Qermany, a constitu ent assembly Is to be held. Lepke Appeal Denied By Supreme Court; Due to Die Tonight Preparations for Execution Proceed; Dewey Not Expected to Intervene BULLETIN. The Supreme Court rejected today a last-minute legal ma neuver by counsel for Louis iLepke) Buchalter to save the one-time chief of Murder, Inc., from execution tonight. B> the As&ociattd Press. Counsel for Louis (Lepke) Buchalter, one-time boss of Mur der, Inc., Brooklyn gang organi zation, made a final effort in the Supreme Court today to save | him from execution in Sing Sing ‘Prison’s electric chair tonight, i Albert E. mapper, special attorney for the gangster, filed with the court clerk a petition for a writ of cer tiorari, which asked a review of the refusal by lower Federal courts this week to interfere in the case. Mr. mapper’s petition urged the court to consider the question whether Attorney General Biddle had power to “terminate a valid sentence of a District court of the United States prior to expiration thereof, without the intervention of a pardon or a commutation of sentence by the President.-’ Sentenced to 14 Years. That was substantially the issue presented before the lower courts, he said. Lepke was serving a 14-year term in a Federal prison when Mr. Biddle turned him over to New York au thorities to be tried for the slaying of Joseph Rosen. Brooklyn store keeper. eight years ago. Burton Turkus and Solomon Klein, i assistant district attorneys of Kings | County, N. Y., appeared before the I Supreme Court clerk previous to Mr. ! Klapper's arrival and filed copies of I the opinions handed down in the | lower courts. They called attention to a Su jpreme Court decision of 1927 which iwas cited in the lower courts’ opin ions which stated: i “The penitentiary is not a sanctu ary. Life in it does not confer im ! munity from capital punishment provided by law. The prisoner has no vested constitutional right to serve out his unexpired sentence.' Turned Down Before. Lepke, whose mob was blamed for i as many as 80 killings, thus asked ; the aid of a court which had turned him down cold in another appeal. By unanimous action last June 1 the high tribunal refused to set aside first degree murder conviction: of Lepke, and two of his Murder Inc., henchmen—Emanuel Weiss anc Louis Capone. The three were saved from execu tion for the Rosen killing Thursdaj (See LEPKE, Page A-2J Basket Ball Referee Dies in Blazing Auto By the Associated Press. SISTERSVILLE. W. Va., Mar. 4 — Gerald Gainer, 31, basket ball ref eree, was burned to death early to day and his fellow referee, Janies Brandon, was critically injured when their car struck a truck and left the road near Natrum. Mr. Gainer and Mr. Brandon were driving to their homes in Wheeling after refereeing the semifinal games in the sectional scholastic basket ball tournament at Sistersville. Oron Orandoff, a witness, told State police the car driven by Mr. Gainer collided with the rear of an oil truck and veered into a field. The car’s gasoline tank exploded. Mr. Brandon managed to crawl from the blazing car and a passerby extinguished the flames in his cloth ing. Bankrupt's Withdrawal Leaves 12 in Widener , By the Associated press. MIAMI, Fla., Mar. 4.—Only one ! horse was scratched, leaving a field ! of 12 to run today in the $25,000 ! Widenv Handicap, i Townsend B. Martin’s Bankrupt, i an outsider, was withdrawn, but the ■ naval ensign still was represented by Bolingbroke. OPA, Vinson Ask Cut in D. C. Transit Fares Request Early Hearing By PUC and Right To Intervene The Office of Price Adminis tration and the economic stabi lization director today called on the Public Utilities Commission to set an early date for public hearings on reduction of Capital Transit fares and at the same time asked the right to inter vene in the proceedings. After the hearing, the agencies want the PUC to issue a "tempo rary or immediate order” reduc ing the rates of the company. The petition was signed by Fred M. Vin son, economic stabilization director, and Chester Bowles, OPA admin istrator. The petition for intervention claimed existing fares are "unjust and unreasonable” and said the commission should direct the transit company to issue weekly passes good for transfer to the Washington, Marlboro & Annapolis Motor Lines from Seventeenth street and Penn sylvania avenue S.E. to Suitland, Md. “A reduction in the rates and fares of the company will aid the Government in its program to keep down the costs of living,” the peti tion charged. Inequalities Charged. "Thousands of Government em ployes living in the adjacent Vir ginia and Maryland communities are compelled to pay double fares to their place of employment in the District,” the petition claimed. "Thousands of Government em ployes living within the District are compelled to pay inequitable fares to Government buildings located just outside the District. "For example, employes of Gov ernment agencies in Suitland, Md., living within the District are not permitted to obtain a transfer to the W. M. & A. Lines running to Suit land from the terminus of the Capital Transit Co. at Seventeenth and Pennsylvania avenue S.E if they present their weekly pass, but are required to pay either a 10-cent cash fare or a token in order to obtain a transfer to the W. M. & A Lines to travel to Suitland, and to pay an additional 5 cents with the transfer of the W. M. & A. Lines.” The petition also charged that the earnings of the company in 1942 and 1943 were in excess "of a fair and reasonable return upon the present fair value of its property." Earnings Cited. Concerning the company earnings last year the petition had this to say: "During 1943, according to the company's reports to this commis sion, its revenues were $27,918,134, compared to $24,045,968 during 1942; its net income before Federal income and excess profit taxes as accrued (but not necessarily as paid* was $6,131,856 or at a rate of approxi mately 20 per cent in 1943 and 15 per cent in 1942. “Since the statute which governs the powers and duties of the com mission provides that all charges shall be just and reasonable, and that every' unreasonable rate is un lawful and prohibited, the commis sion should, on the basis of the earn i ings set forth above, cause this matter to be heard at an early date, and issue a temporary or immediate order which would remove such un reasonable rates as required by the statute.” If no order is issued in regard to the transfer between the local transit company and the W. M. & A. line, the petition suggested as “an alternative” that the PUC "ask the Interstate Commerce Commission for a joint hearing for the purpose of bringing about such adjustment in the fares in other companies.” British Take Positions North of Buthedaung By the Associated Press. NEW DELHI, Mar. 4.—British troops captured Japanese positions north and northeast of Buthedaung in their drive on Akyab, 50 miles to the south, in Burma yesterday and held them against strong counter attacks. todays Southeast Asia com munique announced. Strategic and tacticaj air forces combined in an attack on Fort White in Northern Burma yesterday while tactical fighters and dive bombers struck enemy positions in the Kaladan, Arakan and Mayu areas. Very large formations of United States fighter-bombers started fires and caused heavy explosions among troop concentrations, and stores in the Swanghka area, the communique said. Blood Added to Wounds Jn New Soviet Treatment By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Mar. 4.—A new meth od of treating wounds by adding blood to them has been discovered by 73-year-old Prof. Olga Lepeshin skaya through a study of the role of live substance in the process of heal ing, Tass News Agency announced yesterday. Hospital tests of the new method proved its value, Tass said, without giving details of the process. 4 Swiss Sentenced On Espionage Charges By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 4 —A Swiss broad cast said today that a major of the Swiss Interlaken Motorized Division had been sentenced to death and four other Swiss had received prison sentences for treason. All sentenced were members of a spy organization established to secure military information for a toreign power, said the broadcast without naming the country in volved.