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Mtmt Dili very The Bvantna and Sunday Star la dalivarad by earrlar in the city and suburb* at aoe par month whan 4 Sundays; Me par month whan I Sundays Telephone NA. MM. An Aitoootad Pratt Nawtpopar. No. 2.031—No. 36,467. _WA8HINOTOX, 1). C,, MARCH 5, 3944-100 PAGES. K ** Sa/tSSL TEN CENTS \ Hundreds of Japs Die jn Effort To Retake Admiralty Airfield; ■ Forts and Mustangs Raid Berlin Americans Brave Blinding Snow, 30 Nazi Fighters B» the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 4.—Berlin was bombed by American Flying Fortresses today for the first time in the war as part of an extensive daylight attack on Eastern Germany by the United States 8th Air Force. Plunging 600 miles into the heart of the Reich, one formation of heavy bombers hit the capital it self, it was disclosed tonight, with the help of an escort of Mustangs which also went all the way to Ber lin to equal the deepest fighter penetration ever made into Europe. Fourteen bombers and 26 fighters are missing from the operations, headquarters stated in a tentative accounting that said nine enemy planes were destroyed by the fight ers. The number shot down by gunners in the Fortresses was not yet known, headquarters added. The communique announced sim ply that one formation of Fortresses bombed targets “in the Berlin dis trict,” but several hours after the objective had first been described by the Army in this fashion, censor ship permitted the naming of Berlin itself as the target. Blinding Snowstorms Encountered. The unprecedented penetration was executed despite the fact it was the third operation in three days for the American Air Force and it was accompanied by 'another large-scale assault on the coast of Northern France by RAF medium and fighter-bombers. Tonight the entire Vichy radio network went off the air, indicating the possibility that the RAF might be continuing the round-the-clock warfare. The Fortress thundered through blinding snowstorms and 58-degree below-zero temperature in the sub stratosphere to make the first Amer ican attack on the capital. The once-mighty German air force sent up only 30 to 40 fighters in defense of the city. Flyers said they saw bombs crash down on * buildings surrounded by trees.” The American crews had been tense for days because of their knowledge that the “big B” was coming rip. Most of them were apprehensive of powerful resistance as they were briefed in the pre dawn darkness. Some of them— including men making their first mission—didn't expect to get back alive. Flyers Almost Freeze. The weather over Germany was almost unbearable. Flyers wear ing two suits of heavy underwear and electrically heated outer suits nearly froze. As the clouds and snowstorms thickened over Europe, a majority of the big armada cut over to hit other unidentified tar gets in Eastern Germany in order to take advantage of more favor able w'eather. The exact size of the force which smashed at Berlin remained an official secret, but when the story' is told in its entirety it undoubtedly will be one of the epics of the war. The formation which hit the capital was led by Lt. Col. Harry G. Mumford of San Jose, Calif., who mggshaled his units together when the big fleet split up over Germany and formed an attacking group that determined to press on to Berlin in spite of weather or resistance. “I figured that until I receive a recall I would not abandon the effort to reach the target so long as it (See RAIDS, Page A-5.) Sorensen Resigns Post As Ford Vice President By the Associated Press. MIAMI BEACH, Fla., Mar. 4.— Charles E. Sorensen announced to day his resignation as vice president of the Ford Motor Co., “because I am compelled to take a much-need ed rest.” Calling reporters to his winter home here, he issued this prepared statement: “In answer to your inquiries, I am resigning as vice president of the Ford Motor Co. after 39 years of continuous service.. "I have enjoyed every minute of it. and it is with great regret that I am asking Mr. Henry Ford to re lieve me of my duties. “The great war program that was developed by the company is well organized and is in competent hands. “I am compelled to take a much needed rest. I expect to return to Detroit about May 1. “I have no immediate plans for the future.” Butcher Convicted Of Taking a 'Pork' At Woman Customer Hugh Collins, 35, a butcher at the O Street Market, was found guilty yesterday in Municipal Court of assaulting a woman customer with a fresh shoulder of pork after a dispute over ration points. Collins, according to testi mony, hit Mrs. Elsie Compton, 709 Sheridan place N.W., in the face with the meat after she said he wanted too many ra tion points. Judge Thomas D. Quinn re ferred the case to the probation office. Allies Hold Beachhead Firmly After Repulsing Weak Attacks Rome Radio Indicates Nazi Hopes Of Victory at Anzio Have Been Shelved By the Associated Tress. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Mar. 4.—The Allies are holding solidly to their beach head south of Rome and have re pulsed handily such attacks as the Germans have been able to launch since they were soundly beaten Tuesday and Wednesday in their all-out attack by five divisions, Allied headquarters announced today. Three small German attacks have been hurled back in the past two days, the Allied communique said. Bad weather closed in yesterday to restrict operations in all the Italian battle sectors. The Mediterranean Air Force, flying 1,400 sorties, attacked Nazi communications throughout North ern Italy and at Rome Friday. Even though there was no enemy air activity over the beachhead, 11 Ger man planes were destroyed and 10 Allied aircraft lost. There was an indication from the Nazi-controlled Rome radio that the Germans may have abandoned hope of driving the Allied beachhead force into the sea as a result of the failure of their third • offensive against it and now are bent on merely restricting it. An Axis announcement claiming local successes but admitting no major progress against the beach head said the German Army had “pinned down” the Allies to such a small space that the beachhead forces “have lost any possibility of " < See'ITALY, Page A-T) ~ Reds Within 3 Miles Of Rail Line From Pskov to Warsaw Other Forces Capture Nazi Strong Points at Narva Bridgehead By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sunday, Mar. 5.— Moscow announced last night that Soviet troops striking to ward the Pskov-Warsaw Railway south of Pskov captured Panevo, 3 mites east of the rail artery, while Red Army troops in the north won several “heavily forti fied strongpoints” in their fight to widen their Estonian bridge head below Narva. The Russian nightly communique, recorded by the Soviet monitor, also reported gains in the Ukraine as Soviet troops south of the cap tured iron-mine town of Krivoi Rog crossed the Ingulets River and cap tured seven localities. Among them were Zagradovka, 25 miles south west of Krivoi Rog and the final rail stations on the 20-mile spur railway from Krivoi Rog southwest to Niko lokazelsk. z.uuo Nazis Killed. The midnight Russian bulletin said 2.000 Germans were killed and a considerable number taken pris oner after a day of battles marked by fierce German counterattacks. Panevo is 16 miles northeast of Ostrov. In this sector a highway from Pskov to Ostrov parallels the railway less than a half-mile to the east. 'The London radio, quoting “agency messages,” said the Rus sians had reached the highway linking the two German for tresses of Pskov and Ostrov. The broadcast was recorded by CBS.) Other communities captured in this drive were Shubinagora, 12 miles southeast of Ostrov, and Sigorno, 13 miles southeast. Bulletins Continue Brief. No other details were given by the official bulletin, which for the last three days has given unusually brief accounts of the war. Berlin reports, however, indicated a general slack ening by both sides on the eastern front because of unseasonable thaws. “Where operations were started with heavy forces they ^ have at present slackened to actions of lo cal importance,” said a Berlin broadcast quoting Walter Plato, Transocean military correspondent. “The near future will reveal whether the calming down is a re sult of the mud period which set in early this year or whether it is merely a pause for the bringing up of new Soviet divisions which is indicated by concentrations in vari ous sectors of the front.” Gen. Marshall Asks Delay On Palestine Resolution By the Associated Press. Gen. George C. Marstikll, Army chief of staff, has urged the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to postpone action, for military rea sons, on a resolution which would put the Senate on record as favor ing continued Jewish immigration to Palestine, Senator Nye, Repub lican, of North Dakota said yester day. Although Senator Nye declined to elaborate on Gen. Marshall’s objec tions, made recently at a closed meeting of the committee, some other members said it was obvious that fears existed that passage of the resolution might disturb rela tions with the Arabs in the Middle East. Gen. Marshall’s views were said to have been backed by Secretary of War Stimson and Secretary of State Hull in letters to the committee suggesting that no action be taken on the resolution. The measure, introduced by Sena tors Wagner, Democrat, of New York and Taft, Republican, of Ohio, would express the sense of the Sen ate that Palestine be opened for free entry of Jews, and that the Jewish people be permitted ulti mately to reconstitute Palestine as a democratic commonwealth. Radio Programs, Pg. C-10 Complete Index, Page A-2 Lepke Electrocuted With Two Associates In Murder Syndicate Walks to Chair Unaided; Weiss Charges Frame-up As He Goes to Death By the Assoei»ttd Press. OSSINING, N. Y., Mar. 4 — Louis (Lepke) Buchalter, former overlord of the criminal syndi cate called “Murder. Inc.,” died tonight in Sing Sing Prison’s electric chair for the 1936 mur der of Joseph Rosen, Brooklyn candy store proprietor. Executed with Buchalter were two of his associates named as accom plices in the Rosen slaying, Eman uel (Mendy) Weiss and Louis Capone. ■ Capone was first to die, then Weiss and Buchalter, who remained inscrutable to the end. Buchalter rolled his tongue in his cheek and walked to the chair un aided. He was pronounced dead at 11:16 p.m. Weiss Charges Frameup. Only Weiss spoke as he went to his death. Chewing gum vigorously, he declared: "I’m here on a framed up case and Dewey (Gov. Thomas E. Dewey) knows it and Judge Lehman knows, because I’m a Jew. Give my love to my family and everything else.” Buchalter’s execution put an end to years of efforts by both State and Federal authorities to bring to justice the man once described by Gov. Dewey as “public enemy No. Even at the time he was sent to the Sing Sing death house, 46-year old Buchalter was serving a Federal prison term for narcotics law vio lations. A dispute between the State and Federal Government over his custody after his murder con viction continued for four years. He had received six reprieves on the death sentence. Maintained Innocence. To the end, 'the mild-mannered one-time chief of what police said were the most widespread crim inal operations in the Nation’s his tory maintained that he was inno cent of the crime for which he was put to death. The New York Daily News in a copyrighted story tonight said that Buchalter in an interview with New York District Attorney Frank Hogan yesterday named “a powerful polit (Continued on Page A-5, Column 4.) Badoglio Asks Details On Transfer of Fleet Says He Learned of Plan Through Press Reports By the Associated Press. NAPLES, Mar. 4.—Marshal Pietro Badoglio today asked Allied officials in Italy for “the most complete, urgent and necessary details” of the plan announced by President Roose velt to turn part of the Italian fleet over to Russia, which Badoglio said he learned about only through press and radio reports. A statement of his government, containing a note of reproach at the manner in which he heard of the proposal, said he “reserves the right to act accordingly” upon receiving more detailed information. It was learned Allied representatives also had had no official word of the plan and were awaiting it before replying. The statement reiterated the Badoglio government’s determina tion to co-operate “to the best of its possibilities” with the United States, Great Britain and Russia, and its wish to develop and strengthen “this co-operation in the interests of Italians and of the ^common cause." Most of the Italian fleet proceeded to ports under Allied control follow ing Italy’8 unconditional surrender last September. Italian crews still are attached to most of the vessels and some units have participated in escort work and other Allied naval operations—with Italian officers and men at their posts. A ► — Yanks Rout Waves Of Foe Attacking From Ridges Bjt the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Sunday, Mar. 5.—Standing their ground in one of the fiercest fights of the Pacific war, American in vaders of the Admiralties strewed the battlefield with dead Japa nese in smashing “a final des perate attempt” of the enemy to retake Momote Airdrome, head quarters announced today. Three thousand Japanese have been killed or wounded since the invasion began less than a week ago, hundreds of them in the climax struggle as they swept down in waves from ridges. This turn in the tide of battle occurred Friday night and Satur day on Los Negros Island, invaded last Tuesday on the northeastern side of the Bismarck Sea Admiralty group. Seven hundred dead Japanese were left on the battlefield where they were buried by the Americans. 61 Americans Killed, 244 Wounded, The invasion to date has cost 61 American lives and 244 wounded. The bulk of this price was paid in hurling back the fanatical on slaughts of the Japanese from ridge positions a mile and three quarters inland Friday night and Saturday morning. Sea<uer, the harbor for Lorengau on nearby Manus Island from which enemy reinforcements have been moving eastward to Los Negros, was bomberded by American destroyers. Solomons-based planes which had raided Rabaul for 15 straight days before bad weather ended that string, resumed assaults on that weakening New Britain air and sea fortress. In the raids reported today buildings were demolished, two cargo ships set afire and a gunboat hit and damaged. In phraseology which made clear the Allied hold on Momote airfield at Loe Negros is secure, headquarters said: "Shortly after dusk in a final des perate attempt to restore the situ ation and regain the key Momote airfield, the enemy attacked in a series of continued assaults lasting the entire night. Completely Beaten In Fierce Fight. "Again and again his forces hurled themselves against out lines In in cessant but futile efforts to reach the field. Wave after wave was de stroyed before his forces finally re coiled in complete defeat after one of the fiercest encounters of the war. “His casualties in dead and wounded are estimated at 3,000. Seven hundred of his dead were buried by our men on the western perimeter of the field alone. We lost 61 killed and 244 wounded. Our trops are preparing to resume the advance. “During the day our naval units had bombarded enemy shore instal lations at Lorengau and Seadler Harbor. In the air our medium and attack units had executed close sup port missions. One of eight enemy fighters attempting interception was shot down.” Few details were available con cerning the most bitter fight re corded in a Southwest Pacific com mand communique since the criti cal phases of the Buna campaign, but all reports indicated the battle was likely to prove the enemy’s (See PACIFIC, Page A-5.) Maryland Air Crash KiHs Man, Woman Civilian Instructor Was Flying to Pennsylvania (Photo on Page A-3.) By the Associated Press. A woman identified by Mont gomery County Police as Mrs. Lillian Fite of Peach Bottom, Pa., and Bradnor Cecil Mott of Essex, Md., were killed last night in the crash of Mott’s plane near Gaithersburg, Md. Mott, an instructor with the civilian training command at Max well Field, Ala., and Mrs. Fite left Union City, Tenn., yesterday for Columbia, Pa., police said. Mrs. Fite’s husband, Victor Fite, also is a civilian instructor sta tioned at Maxwell Field, county offi cers reported, and his parents live in Columbia, Pa. Gillis Owens, owner of the farm on which the plane crashed, said he saw the plane, with one wing sheared off and the motor ap parently dead, Just before it crashed, about 7 p.m. Two Army Pilots Killed When Planes Collide By the Associated Press. FORT MYERS, Fla., Mar. 4.— Two Army fighter planes on a com bat training mission collided about 10 miles north of the Buckingham Air Field sub-base at Naples, Fla., today, killing the two pilots. The victims were listed as Second Lts. Joseph E. O’Flaherty, 27, Ozone Park, N. Y, and Kenneth L. Daven port, 22, Bend, Oreg. J§r_THe8E ARE PRETTY GOOD RDR^fc a THeMewtiiwmian^joe.botyouM. 1 OUGHT TO SEE THE OtlES WE ARE IP CATCHlMGIHTHERCinc y S/FDR/'' 37, ' ^ Illegal Coupons Rob A-Book Holders of Half Their Gasoline * Tickets for 10,000 Gallons Turned in by D. C. Dealers Found Bogus or Stolen By MALCOLM LAMBORNE, Jr. Examination by a staff of OPA experts of 90.000 gallons worth of gasoline ration coupons re cently turned in by service sta tions here has disclosed that be tween 6,000 and 7,000 gallons worth were stolen and about 3,000 gallons were counterfeit, it was learned yesterday from the District OPA. thus, about 10 per cent of the total number given secret tests were found to be illegal. The check, which is continuing, may bring forth further startling evidence of black market operations here—a traffic which officials claim is de priving A-book holders of about one-half their normal allotment of gasoline. Some of the counterfeits were so cleverly reproduced that only spe cial tests brought out the truth, while the stolen coupons were taken from ration boards or service sta tions, it was learned. 3429-Gallon Chargeback. OPA already has served notice on 26 station operators that they must make good on 3.629 gallons worth of coupons which have been traced back to these stations. Officials said this particular groufl included counterfeits, forged endorsements, unendorsed coupons and coupons which have expired. The largest single chargeback amounted to 500 gallons. Failure to make good the bad coupons will result in reduced gasoline quotas and may be followed by court action, officials warned. Enforcement officials also dis closed that peddlers of counterfeit coupons are asking as much as 45 cents a coupon. In one particular | case, the coupons offered were C-2s. worth 5 gallons apiece. This would i be a 9-cent-a-gallon premium for i black market dealings. Ten cents a gallon appears to be the usual premium for most operators, accord I ing to the best information. Investigation also has uncovered that one dealer here was selling straight gasoline without benefit of coupons for 40 cents a gallon. Of ficials explained that this operator and others like him are able to make up their coupon deficit by purchas ing counterfeit coupons and placing them on the sheets of 50 coupons which are regularly turned in to the suppliers and, in turn, deposited with banks. In such an operation, a dealer will place "phony” license numbers on the sheets to give them a sem blance of authenticity. But when the sheets are turned over to the OPA and the experts go to work, the truth is soon out. Wrong Numbers. An enforcement officer recalled yesterday that one such dealer had placed three sets of license numbers on the counterfeits, which happened to be TTs, used for commercial ve hicles. A check with the city’s list ing of tags showed the numbers belonged to three prominent Wash ington officials. As each sheet, known as "bingo sheets,” must carry the name and address of the service station, the investigators’ work is simplified. Most of the city’s stations are operating according to the rules, of ficials point out. Only about 30 sta tions, including some of the 26 out of 400, are suspected of dealing in gasoline illegally, and all are cur rently under investigation. At present, counterfeit C-2 cou pons are being circulated in this area, the OPA said. The old TT rations, now out of date, produced the largest number of counterfeits, and officials have information that newly printed spurious TTs are making appearances in cities north of Washington. . Meanwhile, the OPA prepared to open tomorrow its new campaign calling for all motorists to indorse their coupons at time of issuance Investigators will be assigned tc stations in various parts of the citj to check ration books. Any one with out indorsed tickets will be given a notice to appear at his board within five days with coupons In dorsed. Failure to appear within the live days will lead to suspension of rations, officials said. Dr. Bocock Named to Head Doctors Hospital and Center Resigned Gallinger Chief Installed On Unanimous Vote of Directors By HAROLD B. ROGERS. Dr. Edgar A. Bocock, who re signed as superintendent of Gal linger Hospital last December 18 after the Senate District Com mittee had demanded his re moval, has been appointed ad ministrator of Doctors Hospital, and superintendent of the entire Medical Center of which the hos pital is a part. Selected by unanimous vote of the boards of directors of the four coporations owning the Medical Center, Dr. Booock took over his duties yesterday, with a warm wel come from distinguished members of the medical profession. The Medical Center Board of Di rectors chose Dr. Bocock over sev eral applicants for the post. He definitely stood at the top of the list, it was emphasized by a spokes man for the board, and was chosen by unanimous vote. “Dr. Bocock’s selection,” the spokesman said, “meets the uni versal approval of the medical pro fession of Washington in view of the excellent work he has done as superintendent of Gallinger Hos pital for the past 16 years.” Dr. Bobcock's removal from Gal linger was demanded by the Sen ate District Committee after an in vestigation by a subcommittee, which recommended his “removal' (See BOCOCkVPage A-6?) Federal Petition Asks Cut in Transit Fares In Living-Cost Fight Early Hearing Sought To Effect Reduction By Temporary Order By BAINBRIDGE CRIST. The Office of Price Adminis tration and the economic stabil ization director, who have fought before the Public Utilities Com mission and in the courts to re duce electric and gas rates in the District, moved yesterday to cut the rates of the Capital Transit Co. Claiming that a "reduction will aid the Government in its program to keep down the cost of living,” the petition proposed: 1. A public hearing "at an early date for the purpose of determin jing whether the company's rates should not be reducea by tempo rary order.” i 2. The commission should “issue a temporary or immediate order re ducing the rates of the company” after a hearing. 3. The PUC should immediately order the transit company to “rec ognize and accept a weekly pass as entitling a passenger, upon his re quest therefore, to a transfer for transportation on the Washington, Marlboro <fc Annapolis Motor Lines from Seventeenth and Pennsyl vania avenue S.E. to Suitland, Md., | or in alternative ask the Inter state Commerce Commission for a joint hearing for the purpose of bringing about such adjustment in the fares of the said companies.” 4. The OPA and economic stabil ization director should be permitted to intervene in the proceedings. 5. The PUC should "grant such other relief as may be necessary to prevent the company from con (See TRANSIT, Page A-3.) Ice Coats Streets, - Causing Accidents All Planes Grounded; Judge Garrett Hurt A combination of rain, sleet, snow and below-freezing temperatures glazed streets and sidewalks in this area with a treacherous coating of ice last night, causing numerous accidents and grounding all planes at the National Airport. Most of the accidents, involving automobiles and pedestrians, were of a minor nature, police reports Indicated. Judge Finis J. Garrett of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals, slipped and fell near his home at 3550 Springland lane N.W. The 68-year-old jurist was taken to Emergency Hospital, where it was said he was resting comfortably. By midnight the temperature had dropped to 27 degrees. The Weather Bureau predicted the sleet and snow would end this morning, but colder weather was forecast for later today. Daniels Changes Mind On Roosevelt Advice; Will Answer Queries Offer to Testify Follows Senate Committee's Vote To Cite Him for Contempt By the Associated press. Jonathan Daniels, presidential administrative aide whom a Sen ate agriculture subcommittee proposed to cite for contempt because of refusal to answer questions concerning the Rural Electrification Administration, said last night he is willing to appear as requested and testify. Mr. Daniels’ previous stand had raised the possibility of a head-on collision between the executive and legislative branches. He wrote Chairman Smith of the subcommittee that he had changed his attitude after talking with President Roosevelt. Senator Smith commented. “So far as I am concerned it is very satisfactory to me. It settles the point we were striving at in our contempt proceedings. We thought we had the right to get all the facts.” President Would See Group. Senator Smith added that he would call the Senate group to gether tomorrow to receive Mr. Daniels' letter. The latter wrote Senator Smith that the President himself said he would be “happy to see the committee at any time” if it desired. Mr. Daniels had taken the stand that his position of confidence in the White House administrative offices kept him from answering the questions involved, chiefly whether he had asked Harry Slattery to resign as head of the REA. Text of the Daniels letter follows: "When I appeared before jour subcommittee investigating the Ru ral Electrification Administration reference was made to a statemert by Mr. Harry Slattery with regard to conferences with me, and I was asked whether or not I had such conferences with Mr. Slattery. "Any conference I had with Mr. Slattery was in my capacity as ad ministrative assistant to the Pres ident, which I regard as a confiden tial relationship, and I stated to your committee that it did not seem proper for me to answer. "I still believe that a legislative (See DANIELS, Page A-S.) Tornado Wrecks Homes, Cuts Power in Virginia B) the Associated Press. ABINGDON, Va., March 4.—The homes of Fred E. Buck and Julian Brown, local bankers, were swept away by a tornado that cut a wide path through the Stonewall Heights section here early tonight. The residences of Dr. Prank Smith, physician, and others were badly damaged as the storm swept through the residential section, the Abingdon Academy arei and a Negro residential district on an other side of the town. Many roofs were carried through the air in the academy district. No deaths or serious injuries were reported. | Truman Group Urges Rise in Civilian Output Reports Production Battles Won; Hits Labor Draft Plan OTHER STORIES on highlights of the Truman Committee report. Page A-7. Et the Associated Press. Declaring “the major war pro duction battles have been won,” the Truman Committee called last night for greater output of civilian goods and hit at admin istration proposals for a univer sal manpower draft. While emphasizing that “the big gest battles’’ on the war fronts are yet to be fought and that a great need for landing craft, heavier and longer range combat aircraft, radio, radar and ships “will continue for many months,” the committee as serted : “Production officials say the bulk of initial equipment and supplies for the War Department will have been manufactured within 60 to 90 days and the job thereafter will be to supply the items of special need, replace damaged and destroyed ma terials and improve quality. Civilian Needs Increasing. “The problem now and for the future will be to produce as much more war material as will be re quired and at the same time prevent the home economy from weak ening.” Essential civilian needs, the com mittee declared, are greater than they were a year ago and unless new farm machinery and replace ment parts for both farm machinery and trucks are made "the injury to our economy will be serious.” Although there still will be man power shortages in certain areas, the committee's third annual report to Congress said, "the extent of such areas and the degree of crisis will | be so very much less that the com mittee does not believe that so drastic a remedy as the enactment of a manpower draft statute is war ranted.” sinne Losses Small. Apparently referring to adminis tration arguments that a national service law would be a weapon against strikes, the report declared that strikes occurring in mining, manufacturing and construction in 1943 “resulted in a loss of manpower of less than 1* of 1 per cent of the manpower actually used, whereas the manpower contributed by labor in that period exceeded that used in 1939 by 76 per cent.” In addition to the “fundamental objection to the regimentation of the people and the further encroach ment of the military on our econ omy.” the committee said, “the man power problem is too complex and difficult to be solved by any such easy means as passing a manpower draft statute.” "Increasing supplies of materials and a higher rate of cancellation of war contracts,” the report added, “makes it evident that materials soon will have to be made available for further civilian production.” No Full-Scale Civilian Output. "This does not mean that we can soon resume full-scale civilian pro duction, but only that we can pro duce limited quantities of a few score of additional items classified as essential and still have some surplus of materials available for the production of a number of the more simple articles,” said the 209 ^page report. Army and Navy needs still will 1 prevent the manufacture of such things as automobiles because of the scarcity of tires, generators, ball bearings and similar accessory items, the report added. The committee recommended that any manufacturer be allowed to make any article he desires pro viding: f 1 > Basic commodities needed for it are not required for war or essential civilian items; (2) The manufacturing operations are not undertaken in areas of critical manpower shortage; and (3) The manufactureer has not been asked to undertake ocnstruction of a war item. Big: Cancellations Planned. It opposed any efforts to prevent use of surplus commodities and creation of any new industrial con trols that would retard production of peace-time articles. It reported estimates from the j War Production Board that war j contract cancellations will run the j first six months of this rear at the irate of $1,500,000,000 a month. In a review of the war produc | tion front, the committee reported I that: Aircraft production has reached a Irate of more than 100.000 planes a i year, with the ratio of combat planes to trainers and of superior planes I to less desirable ones steadily in creasing. Urgent needs for 100-octane gaso line, aluminum, magnesium and synthetic rubber made it impossible to reach a 95,000,000 net ton goal | for steel, but production went to 88,838,043 tons in 1943 “to meet re quriements for the war and to leave a small balance for the most essen tial civilian items,” the committee said. Asserting it is essential to provide financial assistance to protect small steel concerns affected by cutbacks, the report declared that big com panies, like United States Steel, Re public and Bethlehem, “will emerge from the war in a stronger position than they entered.” Such an in dustry “can prove a dangerous fac tor when it is concentrated in the hands of a few,” the committee com mented. Will Oppose Pepper JACKSONVILLE, Fla.. March 4 (iPi.—J. Ollie Edmunds of Jackson ville, Duval County judge for 12 years, today announced his candi dacy to succeed Senator Clauds Pepper, Democrat.