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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 05, 1944, Image 7

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Senators Blame U. S.
Agencies in Shortage
Of Mica Supplies
By the Associated Press.
The Truman Committee com
plained last night that under poli
cies followed by the controlling
Federal agencies, domestic mica
production in 1943 has been held
to 1,927,436 pounds while 4,744,670
had to be imported, much of it by
air from India.
Mica is a non-metallic mineral
used as an electrical insulator in
generators, motors, radio and radar.
The committee blamed the small
ness of United States output on pol
icies of the Colonial Mica Corp.,
which was set up by the Govern
ment’s Metal Reserves Corp. to con
trol the purchase and sale of do
mestic mica, and the War Produc
tion Board’s mica section. It iden
tified officials in both as having
previously been active in the mica
importing field.
As a result of these policies, the
committee said: (a) Several hundred
mines closed last year in North
Carolina, (b) Operations in New
Mexico were reduced and the corpo
ration’s office in that State closed,
(c) A number of South Dakota
mines ceased operations, and (d
New England mines produced at a
reduced rate.
The committee said the dominating
figure in Colonial Mica Corp. is
George Purcell, vice president, who
it said was the first recommended to
the Government by Max A. Chap
man. a British citizen, president of
the Mica Insulator Co., and Eugene
Mansell & Co., both controlled by
Associated Insulation Products, Ltd.,
Of London.
The committee recommended that
the Colonial Corp. “eliminate dis
criminatory practices” and take steps
to encourage domestic production
by relaxing specification rules. A
policy of imposing tight specifica
tions for the purchase of domestic
mica has resulted, according to the
committee, in the rejection of huge
quantities of stained and spotted
mica which could be used, and has
forced numerous mines out of
Plane Plants Lower
Labor-Need Figures
By the Associated Press.
The Truman Committee, in its
third annual report to the Senate,
yesterday credited its investigation
of the manpower situation at the
North American Aviation Co. plant
near Dallas, Tex., with netting large
savings in labor supplies and expen
ditures throughout the aircraft
The committee went to Texas last
fall after the airplane plant had re
quested an additional 13.000 workers
of the Manpower Commission.
Referring to its inquiry, the com
mittee stated:
‘'The testimony established that
North American was not efficiently
utilizing the 36,000 workers which it
then had and that it could not use
fully employ the additional 13.000
workers that it was requesting.”
Charles E. Wilson, vice chairman
of the War Production Board, con
cluded on study of the committee’s
findings, that the company could
reduce its announced peak load by
approximately 10,000 workers, and
that no new employes would be
needed before January, 1944.
“The investigation at Dallas had
a profound effect upon the aircraft
companies, particulary those on the
West Coast. After re-examining
their actual needs, they reported to
Mr. Wilson that in their opinion
their requests for additional work
ers could safely be reduced.”
3 Hurt by Steel Blown
Into Crowd at Launching
By the Associated Press.
TOLEDO, Ohio, Mar. 4.—TTiree
persons, part of a crowd who wit
nessed the launching of the Coast
Guard’s new isebreaker Mackinaw,
were injured at the Toledo Ship
Building Co. yards today, when high
winds blew a section of fabricating
steel into the crowd.
Company officials said the mishap
occurred as the people were leaving
the yards, after the $10,000,000 ice
breaker had been launchd in a driv
ing snow storm.
Tire three victims were identified
as Rodney Anderson, 18, of Madison,
Wis., his sister-in-law, Mrs. Ruth,
Anderson, 24, and Paul Bode, 29, both
of Toledo.
Mr. Anderson received a broken
leg, Mrs. Anderson had back in
juries, and Mr. Bode had a head
injury, official said. All were taken
to a hospital after being given first
and treatment.
Woman Faces Impounding
Of $8,430 Check
Special Dispatch to The Star.
MARTINSBURG, W. Va., Mar. 4.
Mrs. Hallie M. Lefevre was under a
court order here today to cash an
$8,430.86 claim settlement check or
have payment on the check stopped
by court. The action was brought
by the Aetna Casualty and Surety
In an order entered by direction
of Judge D. H. Rodgers yesterday it
was disclosed the check had been
tendered her January 6 and she had
declined to cash it or to give the
company a release. Unless Mrs.
Lefevre presents the check to a
designated bank within 10 days pay
ment is to be stopped and the money
will be turned into the fund of the
general receiver of the court for her.
Architect Paul Nelson
To Give Lecture Series
Paul Nelson, inventor of such
architectural features as “flexible
acoustical wall” and “mass-pro
duced suspended room” is scheduled
to give a series of Friday night lec
tures this month at the Washington
Bookshop, 916 Seventeenth street
His lectures, illustrated with slides
showing some of his inventions, are
designed for architects, engineers
and others interested in postwar
planning for low-cost housing, hos
pitals and recreation units.
Mr. Nelson has served as archi
tectural consultant with several
Government agencies and is the au
thor of a number of works.
Church Supper Planned
The women of Walker s Chapel
Methodist Church will serve a ham
supper from 5:30 to 8 p.m. Wednes
day at the church. North Glebe and
Dittmar roads, it has been an
GERMAN CAPTIVES AID WOUNDED NAZI—A wounded noncommissioned German officer is
given assistance by two other Nazi prisoners at a stockade behind the lines in the Anzio-Net
tuno beachhead in Italy.
A German prisoner, wearing the Red Cross armband, treats
the wounds of a captured comrade after an Allied counter
attack in the Anzio-Nettuno beachhead area.—A. P. Wirephotos.
Army Criticized, Navy Praised
On Hotel Acquisition Procedure
By the Associated Press.
The Truman committee took sev
eral sharp jabs at the Army and
patted the Navy on the back in a
report yesterday on acquisition of
hotels by the two services to house
Army representatives had been
“arbitrary and officious.” the report
said, but Navy officials conducted
themselves “with the fairness and
courtesy that citizens are entitled
to expect from the military.”
War Department field workers
were blamed for the Army’s criti
cized practices.
“Despite the fact that the general
instructions issued from Washing
ton set up procedures which would
have been fair, the Army negotia
tions were conducted in a manner
which was overbearing and incon
sistent with fair dealing,” the re
port said.
“The United States Government
should not have resorted to such
tactics,” it continued. "Bo doing
so, the Army’s representatives have
caused large numbers of people to
believe that they have been mis
treated by their own Government.”
Most of the committee’s investi
gation centered in Florida, but sur
veys also were made in Chicago,
Atlantic City, Kansas City, Mo., and
other places.
“There have been too many
changes of mind concerning the
acquisition of hotels as well as
other properties,” the report de
clared. “Many hotels have been
acquired ostensibly for long-term use
and then turned back or abandoned
after a short time. In some cases
this was done after costly alterations
had been made.”
I Three recommendations were
1. Land acquisitions should be
handled by a central agency set up
in the Justice Department.
2. Established legal procedure for
acquiring property should be util
3. The War Department should
review the entire situation in detail
and report to the proper legislative
committees of Congress.
“The manner in which the pro
gram was carried out resulted in
many injustices which the depart
ment has shown little inclination
to correct,” the report asserted.
"Some of these doubtless could be
corrected by simple negotiation. To
correct others, the War Depart
ment may need further legal au
thority. It should be pointed out
the Navy Department advises the
legislative committees of its real
estate acquisitions in advance and
keeps these committees advised.”
Elkton Man Seeks
Review in Mail Fraud
By the Associated Pres*.
BALTIMORE, Mar. 4.—Attorneys
for Gustav H. Kann, former presi
dent of Triumph Explosive, Inc., of
Elkton who has been sentenced to
three years in prison on a mail fraud
charge, sent a petition to the Su
preme Court today asking a review
of the case.
Kann, one of a number of Tri
umph officials tried in Federal court
here last fall on charges of fraud
against stockholders and the Gov
ernment, is now in his Pittsburgh
home under $5,000 bonds awaiting
the outcome of his appeal. The
Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals up
held the District Court’s ruling.
|~~] Mutt interrupt cenvertotion frequently te etk someone te
[~j| Hesitate to attend Church Services, concerts er movies because
of strain of trying to hear.
|Ti| Refuse invitations to play bridge because of difficulty In
following bidding.
Q Miss the gay, happy conversations of children in the family.
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_(Continued From First Page.)
the initiative and have to fight very
hard to avoid disaster.”
The enemy announcement admit
ted heavy blows from Allied air
forces around the beachhead.
At dusk Thursday the Germans
attacked American positions along
the Cisterna-Montello road. They
were thrown back by heavy artillery
fire and lost three tanks. Around
Carroceto the British smashed back
two strong Nazi patrols testing their
positions. Infiltration attempts in
the Moletta River area were re
pulsed in the same way.
An Allied headquarter spokesman
disclosed more than 3.500 prisoners
have been taken by the Allies since
they established the Anzio beach
head January 22. The Allies also
learned that the highly touted Her
mann Goering panzer division and
the 715th Infantry were used by the
Germans in their big attack on the
beachhead last week in addition to
three divisions previously identified.
streams Reach New Heights.
On the main 5th Army front con
tinued rains deepened the mud and
brought streams to new flood
heights while many mountain parts
of the 8th Army line remained
On the 8th Army front Polish
and Canadian patrols were active.
Indian forces beat back one small
enemy attack.
Locomotives, railway lines, ship
ping and dock areas and other
communication facilities were the
targets of Allied bombers over
Northern Italy and Rome. Spit
fires struck again at trains in Yugo
slavia and Wellington night bomb
ers bombed Zara, Italian port on
the Dalmatian coast, Friday night,
with 2-ton bombs.
Allied headquarters said "as in
previous attacks,” Allied airmen
took care not to hit religious and
cultural monuments in Rome.
Bomb-strike photographs showed
some 2,000 units of rolling stock
were in the target area at hard
hit Littorio yards 5 miles north
of the center of Rome. At Tibur
tina yards two minor explosions
and fires, apparently in a munitions
dump, were observed.
Miami Rentals Probed
By Truman Committee
By the Associated Press.
An investigator for the Truman
Committee was ordered to Miami
Beach. Fla., last night to check
complaints of “flagrant black mar
ket violations and rent gouging.”
Chariman Truman said the in
vestigator would make a detailed
study of the plight of the families
of servicemen around Miami and
Miami Beach.
"He has been instructed to check
carefully on rentals,” the Senator
‘‘To entertain ourselves in an
Italian prison camp we made a base
ball of shoe heels covered with string
from Red Cross food packages,"
wrote an American escaped prisoner.
Wooden Flying Boat
Abandoned, Kaiser
Contract Canceled
By the Associated Press.
The contract with the Kaiser
Hughes Aircraft Corp. for three 400,
OOO-pound, eight-engined wooden
flying boats has been cancelled, the
Truman Committee reported yester
day, with the way left open for
negotiation on a metal version of
the plane.
Elsewhere it was learned that the
firm will be permitted to finish the
one wooden craft which it already
has started. The Truman Commit
tee suggested such a step by saying
that "consideration should be given
to the desirability of completing a
prototype in wood if it would aid
the metal plane project.”
The estimated original cost of
three wooden flying boats was $18,
000,000. It is understood, however,
that about $13,000,000 already has
been spent.
The contract was made between
the company and the Defense Plant
Corp., a Government agency, on the
recommendation of the War Pro
duction Board. Cancellation of the
contract was at the request of
Chairman Donald Nelson of the
WPB February 11, following an in
vestigation by an engineering board.
The WPB concluded, the Truman
report said, that the Kaiser-Hughes
plane would be “considerably less
efficient” than proved cargo planes
and that its wooden construction
was “excessively heavy and unre
liable,” but that the design was
“fundamentally sound” and might
be of value to the war effort if car
ried out in metal.
The wooden plane, known as the
HK-1, was conceived with a 320
foot wingspread, a length of 218
feet and intended to carry 60 tons
of cargo at 174 miles an hour.
Robber in Army Garb
Slain; Identify Sought
By the Associated Presa.
DETROIT, Mar. 4.—Military po
lice sought today by means of fin
gerprints to establish the identity
of a gunman, dressed in the uni
form of an Army sergeant, who was
fatally shot here yesterday by gro
cer Charles ELssa during what Mr.
Eissa described as an attempted
holdup in his store.
Detective Inspector Wheaton
Howe said Mr. Eissa told of shoot
ing the man after he entered his
store with a girl companion and an
nounced, “This Ls a stickup.”
The girl, now under arrest, said
she met the man at a USO dance
last September, when he gave his
name as Raymond Strupus, Inspec
tor Howe said.
Mr. Howe said the girl told him
Strupus admitted to her that he
was AWOL and "asked me to write
to his mother and tell her he was all
right.” She said he gave her an
address in Newark, N. J.
Military authorities said that a
Pvt. Raymond Strupus deserted the
Army at Fort Dix, N. J., August 1,
Soviet Scientists Seen
In Portrait Exhibition
Portraits of prominent members
of the Russian Academy of Sciences
are included in the current exhibi
tion at the Library of Congress,
They show the history and activities*
of society for the last 25 years.
Books by outstanding members of
the Academy, several of which were
printed in Moscow while the city
was under German attack, also are
on display.
Good Food Is
Always a
Fresh Vegetables per
fectly served in salads
or cooked to a
Queen’s taste/
Home Style Food
Open doily and Sundays—for Breakfast,
Luncheon and Dinner. Buses and street
cars stop at our door.
He serves best who serves himself.
We are now presenting a
complete stock of Chief
Petty Officers’ Uniform
requirements for every
season . .. every regula
Blue Uniforms, Grey
Uniforms in all wool
tropicals and cottons,
R aincoat- overcoats,
Caps, Shirts, Shoes, In
. . . and all other neces
sary equipment and ac
Ckargt Accounts Invited
Giv# More in
'44 to tho
Big Loss on Lighters -
By Snubbing Higgins
Is Charged to Navy
Tribute to Andrew Jackson Hig
gins, New Orleans shipbuilder, and
a sharp rebuke to the Navy's Bu*
reau of Ships came yesterday from
the Truman Committee in a report
on its inquiry 18 montlis ago into
contracts for tank landing boats.
The public report was withheld
for security reasons since first
brought to the Navy's attention Au
gust 6, 1942, the committee said.
Bureau of Ships officials, the com
mittee charged, had clung to their
own inadequate design of tank
lighters for five years, causing
“needless expenditure of over $7,
000,000 for a total of 225 bureau
lighters, which did not meet the
needs of the armed forces.”
Discrimination Charged.
Higgins Industries, Inc., had de
signed and built a superior lighter,
the committee asserted, but was dis
criminated against by the Bureau in
“flagrant disregard for the facts, if
not also for the safety and success
of American troops.”
The Higgins firm was praised for
its feat of building in two and one
half days a tank lighter superior
to the Bureau lighter which had
been four years in design and de
Contracts for 96 Bureau-type
lighters were awarded in the fall
of 1940, the committee said, to three
“Inexperienced" companies despite
the fact that seaworthiness had
been questioned.
None of the 96 lighters had been
completed by the following May,
when a naval officer telephoned Mr.
Higgings that the Navy was in “ex
treme need” of lighters and request
ed that the company design and
build one in the shortest possible
time, the report continued.
Higgins Lighter Successful.
When the Higgins lighter was
completed in little more than two
days and proved successful, the
company was asked for 49 addi
tional boats, nine of which were
completed in 14 days, the commit
tee found.
The committee charged that the
bureau knew of the Higgins firm's
capabilities before award of the con
tracts for 96 lighters and was aware
of the limitations of the inexperl*
enced companies.
Even after the Higgins design
had been proved succesful. the com
mittee said the bureau advertised
for bids for 131 lighters of it own
design. A protest from Mr. Higgins
that bureau-type lighters were un
seaworthy was credited by the com
mittee as responsible for reduction
of the order to 10 lighters, later
built by Mr .Higgins.
Comparative tests between Hig
gins and bureau lighters, conducted
at the Norfolk Navy Yard in May,
1942, proved the bureau’s design
unsatisfactory, the committee de
clared. Although 1,100 lighters of
bureau design were under contract,
the design was then abandoned and
the entire program switched to the
Higgins design, the report concluded.
Volunteer Women
Build Radios for
OCD System
Twenty members of the Ameri
can Women's Voluntary Services
are building portable radio sets,
under the direction of the War
Emergency Radio Service, to com
plete the Office of Civilian Defense
radio communications system in
The class, which meets every
Thursday and Friday evening in the
carpenter shop of the Boys YMCA,
uses parts of dismantled radio sets
collected in the OCD scrap drive.
Lynn Wilson, an amateur radio
operator and employe of the Alex
andria Telephone Co. is instructor.
The group, ranging in age from
20 and including a grandmother,
Government girls, store clerks and
school teachers, expects to build
40 radio sets for the communica
tions system.
Rev. R. K. Merker to Speak
The Rev. Ralph K. Merker, super
intendent of missions. Presbytery of
Washington, will speak at the lenten
luncheon Wednesday noon at the
YMCA, 1736 G street N.W. The Rev.
Merker will substitute for the Rev.
William F. Mansell, Central Pres
byterian Church, who is ill.
Pair Wait Hearing
In Mine Slaying
By the Aisocitted Pre*«.
CLAY, W. Va„ Mar. 4—Officials
indicated today that two United
Mine Workers organizers, held in
the slaying of a non-union miner
and the wounding of his son at
nearby Widen, would be brought
here from Charleston for arraign
ment and then returned to the
Kanawha County jail.
Acting Prosecutor S. W. Bryant
reported that the time for the ap
pearance of D. H. Foley, 34, and
Ranson Kirk, 50, on charges result
ing from the shooting at the min
ing community last Wednesday had
not been set.
Foley was charged with the mur
der of Joe Groves. 47, in a war
rant sworn out by Mr. Bryant,
while both Foley and Kirk face
charges of shooting Elmer Groves,
22, with intent to kill in a dispute
incident to a collective bargaining
election scheduled at Widen Tuese
Young Groves, now in a Charles
ton hospital recovering from his
wounds, recently returned from
New Guinea after receiving a med
ical discharge from the Army.
“To entertain ourseives in an
Italian prison camp we made a base
ball of shoe heels covered with string
from Red Cross food packages,’*
wrote an American escaped prisoner.
Monday, March 6th
With a fine selection of fine diamonds, Nationally
famous watches and jewelry, under personal management
of Mr. Harold L. Hoffmann. We cordially invite our
friends and former patrons to visit our new jewelry store.
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