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Jap Barge Fleet Fails
To Land Single Craft In Los Negros Attack By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Southwest Pacific, Mar. 9.— Americans fighting on three in vasion fronts around the Bis marck Sea have crushed Japa nese opposition in New Guinea and the Admiralty Islands, and are holding against strong ene my counterattacks in New Brit ain, Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s communique said today. Japanese troops aboard a small barge fleet failed dismally to dent the 1st Cavalry Division’s positions north of Momote airdrome on Los Negros Island in the Admiralties Tuesday night. Not one barge reached shore against the fire of the Americans. Marine invaders of Willaumez Peninsula on the North New Britain coast had consolidated their hold ings and were slugging it out Mon day night with counterattacking Japanese, who had recovered from the surprise of the landing the morn ing of that day. 23 Miles From Madang. Thirty-second Division troops have seized complete control of the Northeastern New Guinea coast for 35 miles west of Saidor, in their drive for the enemy base at Madang, now 23 airline miles away. The Americans, after going ashore be hind the Japanese at Yalau March 5, struck at Mindiri and captured much abandoned enemy equipment. The Japanese barge movement against Los Negros followed a weak night aerial attack on American positions around Momote airdrome now used by Allied combat planes. The Americans extended their perimeter 2,500 yards northwest of the airfield when they occupied Paitalia Mission Plantation. They also found several hundred more Japanese bodies, the communique said. The invaders previously had buried more than 1,200 enemy dead. The marines on Willaumez Penin sula, New Britain, were facing stiff fire from Japanese reinforcements apparently from Talasea. ■ The Leathernecks’ landing on the west coast of the peninsula was about 5 miles northwest of Talasea, where there is an airstrip. ^ape Hoskins Attacked. Allied aircraft supported the ma rines by attacking enemy barges and installations at Cape Hoskins east of Talasea. The offensives in New Guinea, the Admiralties and New Britain all emphasized the growing Allied con trol of the Bismarck Sea, and prom ised more hardship for Japanese troops apparently left stranded in these areas by Tokio strategists Gen. MacArthur said work has been completed on the airstrip on Green Islands in the Northern Sol omons. New Zealand and American troops captured the island Febru ary 15, putting the Allies astride the Japanese supply line down the east coast of New Ireland to the Solomons, where several thousand enemy troops are isolated. Operations from this airstrip will suppelment the strength of Allied planes from Solomons airfields in further reducing the enemy’s top pling bases at Rabaul. New Britain and Kavieng, New Ireland. Aircraft from the Solomons ham mered the Lakunai and Tobera air dromes at Rabaul Monday with 55 tons of bombs. Rabaul has been the daily target of these planes for several weeks. Kavieng was blasted by 62 tons bf explosives dropped by Liberator heavy bombers also from the Solo mons. Airdromes, a pier and ware houses were the targets. Japanese positions around the American beachhead perimeter at Cape Torokina, on Empress Augusta Bay on Bougainville Island in the Solomons, were blasted by dive bombers. Meanwhile, it was announced that fighter pilots of the 5th Air Force have shot down their 1,500th Japa nese plane in an air skirmish yes terday over Wewak, New Guinea. "Fifth Air Force lighters have lost only 134 lives in their two years of combat for the destruction of more than one-sixth of the enemy’s esti mated strength of first-line aircraft at the beginning of the war,’’ head quarters said. 'Proxy Parents' Head Fined on License Count Mrs. Eva Miller, 52, operator of Proxy Parents, an organization in the 3900 block of Blaine street N.E., which cares for the children of working mothers, was fined $30 in Municipal Court yesterday for op erating both a foster home and an employment agency without a li cense. Two policewamen. Miss Constance Tilley and Miss Eleanor Amos, testi fied they had answered a newspaper advertisement by Mrs. Miller and had been engaged to care for chil dren at 50 cents per hour, of which they gave her a fee of 10 cents an hour. ‘ HOMELESS, BUT CHEERFUL—Mrs. M. Loupal, wrapped in | blankets, sits unperturbed amid the ruins of her bombed Lon • don home. She awaits transportation to a rest center. [ —A, P. Wirephoto. Knox (Continued From First Page.) ' can sea lanes. Its sailors on lease , lend patrol boats have rescued sur , vivors of torpedoed vessels. Lease lend aircraft with Brazilian pilots have sunk a Nazi submarine and damaged others. Cuba, which has received some Coast Guard vessels on the same terms, has been contributing to the escort task also, he said. Reverse lease-lend doesn't com pare in dollars with what the United States has handed out, said Mr. Knox, but it is a considerable con tribution. As an example, the United States Naval Base in Britain has operated for a year “without making a single cash expenditure.’’ "It is my hope that the effective ness and scope of the Lease-Lend Act will not be cut down or re stricted,” the Secretary added. Diverging from the lease-lend topic, Admiral Land unfolded these postwar views: The merchant marine should be a Navy reserve unit, and as many ships as possible should be used m expanded foreign trade. What is left should be stored. .Before the wsr, Italy carried 60 per cent of its exports in its own ships, Germany 70 per cent and Ja pan 80 per cent, ar.J henceforth, “as far as I’m concerned, they shouldn’t carry any.” There is some doubt that there will be a great overabundance of shipping. There were 74,000,000 dead-weight tons of shipping in the world in 1939 and exactly the same amount at the start of this year sinkings had neutralized construc tion. In the merchant fleet the United States has a powerful weapon to prevent another war, Admiral i^rnd declared. “It’s like a prize fighter who al ways keeps in condition,” he said. “Nobody wants to take him on.” The admiral said he would pre sent soon a detailed plan for using the big merchant fleet, built at a cost of $16,000,000,000, adding that “the problem can be solved and rather easily.” importance to all our affairs at the present time.” Mr. Bevan asked: “Is it not a fact that the method chosen on this occasion to make this announcement has been to the great disadvantage of the British public because follow ing the statement made in America all the newspapers in Great Britain were asked to make no comment if possible on the matter, although the newspapers in every other country in the world have been discussing it for six or seven days • • •?" “I think it was very good of the press to help in that way,” said Mr. Churchill. “Yes,” Mr. Bevan commented, “but it leads to abuse.” Churchill (Continued From First Page.) simultaneously with the British and Russian services.) Mr. Winterton. Conservative, asked Mr. Churchill, ‘‘Does he not think it highly desirable when statements of the greatest importance affecting the whole course of the world are made that they should so far as pos sible be made simultaneously by the head of state of this country and of the United States?” The Prime Minister replied: "It Is noi for me to lay down the rules on this matter which affects many countries all over the world and which are governed by circumstances and conditions prevailing in them.” Not Possible, He says. Mr. Hore-Belisha asked if Mr. Churchill would “arrange when an nouncements of this importance are made that they be made in a con certed manner. * • * Would it be possible to make them as a con certed statement in Washington and London simultaneously?” “No,” Mr. Churchill answered, "I certainly couldn’t give any under taking of that character. I think complete and close agreement which prevails not only in principle but on i methods between Great Britain and jthe United States is of the greatest Deferments (Continued From First Page.) three committee members were ap pointed by Paul V. McNutt, head of the commission. He revealed WMC had also been hard hit by the committee’s defer ment policy, and that some of the cases would be appealed back to the committee, and if necessary to the White House. He said he under stood other agencies were also ap pealing to the White House to hold on to some of their workers. Mr. Appley reported the WMC Agency Committee had requested the Review Committee, headed by Edgar Puryear, to grant 277 defer ments for pre-Pearl Harbor fathers. Of that group Mr. Appley said 227 of the requests were for 60-day de ferments, 32 were for four months deferments and 25 were for six months. The Review Committee, Mr. Ap pley reported, approved eight re quests for 90-day deferments and one for 60-day deferment. WMC has 1,476 fathers of draft age in the agency. Gunther Granted Divorce In Las Vegas, Nev. By the Associated Press. LAS VEGAS, Nev., Mar. 9.—John J. Gunther, author and foreign cor respondent, was granted a divorce yesterday from Prances Gunther. He charged she deserted him in 1941. District Judge George E. Marshall awarded Mrs. Gunther custody of their child, John, jr„ 15, together with $200 a month for his support and $600 monthly alimony. Mrs. Gunther denied desertion, but did not contest the action. Woman, 74, Injured When Hit by Trolley Mrs. Cecelia Ryan, 74, of 1915 Six teenth street N.W. suffered a pos sible fractured skull today when she was struck by a northbound street car as she stepped off a loading platform in the 3300 block of Four teenth street N.W., police reported. Police said the car operator was Benjamin Fletcher, 51, of 1445 Park road N.W. Mrs. Ryan was removed to Emergency Hospital. . . Wfy*«'« (?"*}**■ BY ROBERT M. YODER m Wv„ twd plenty of comedy efeput being e R fM YY e ve naa y l i beinq a civilian. I:J ■ soldier but mighty little « t and ■ K you're not froien to your desk, get U p| buy a copy of B r keresNotrontj 1 Like Home | Ml it wiH prove the season’s funniest. ■ ffie. ,7.oo HOUGHTON MIFFLIN CO. 'Jury Acquits Two In War Fraud Trial A District Court jury yesterday acquitted the American Manufac turing Co. of Texas, its former president, William J. Gourley, and .former Lt. Col. August J. Cayouettej : of a charge of conspiracy to defraud; the Government in connection with j arrangements for the manufacture of munitions and ordnance mate-' rials. Judge Marion S. Boyd of Ten-! nessee, who has been presiding as a justice in District Court, had de-j nied a defense motion for a di-i rected verdict, which was sought! on the claim the Government'had failed to prove the charge. After the refusal, • Defense Attorney William E. Leahy announced the defense would stand on the mo tion and was ready to argue the case. Accordingly, without placing a single defense witness on the stand, Mr. Leahy addressed the jury for approximately four hours. No other defense attorneys spoke. Mr. Leahy contended checks which hdd been received by Col. Cayouette, while the officer was connected with the Office of the Chief of Ordnance here, were either in payment for engineering serv ices or were loans. The case consumed 17 trial days and a large part of the time was given over to identification of many records and documents introduced by the Government. Brooks Assails Plan to Lift Southern College Race Ban The proposal of the United States Office of Education that Negro stu dents be admitted to white colleges and universities in the South was condemned yes terday by Rep r e sentative Brooks, Demo crat, of Louisi ana as a move toward a “mon grel race” and a Federal invasion of edu cation, “last citadel of States’ rights.” Inserting h i s remarks in the Congres s i o n a 1 Record, Mr. Brooks called the suggestion R*P- Brook*, “tragic and puerile.” He declared it will result only in more trouble for the Negro. John W. Studebaker, Office of Education commissioner, was charged by the Louisianian with an effort to bring about “forcible commingling of students of the two races in the South, which Is un thinkable.” “Such a course is intended to break down barriers which have stood between the Negro and the white races since the birth of the Republic to the present time,” Mr. Brooks declared. “It has for its ultimate purpose social equality and the producing of a mongrel race in the United States.” Fly (Continued From First Page.) ---- ' ' ' —---— to defend the FCC against the many charges preferred against it. Critics of the FCC also have charge that the agency neglected to fingerprint and otherwise make sure of the loyalty of radio operators, and that the files of the commis sion were denied to the FBI. The FCC, answering this charge previously, contended the FBI was at liberty at all times to examine its files, though it did not want them removed to the Justice Department. The FBI now has taken over com plete supervision of determining the loyalty of ship radio operators. Some members of Congress have complained that too many draft de ferments were requested by tnc FCC. The Reuters (British) News Agen cy, according to an Associated Press dispatch from New York, yesterday issued a statement denying Mr. Fly's assertion before the committee that it enjoyed especially low rates from British Empire filing points in com petition with American news serv ices. Reuters asserted that pi ess rates within the Commonwealth were the same for American and British agencies, and that it paid the same rate—somewhat higher—for messages from British points to the United States as did American or ganizations. '/ila/wfjunyem... So usa e . . . small table - chest sucb as this. Copied from an Id English piece. All abogany. Bea ifully constructed . . 47.50 W&J SLOANE 1217 CONNECTICUT AVE., N. W. Washington 6 mm Soldier Jailed for 30 Days In Crash That Killed Three Pvt. Edwin A. Duffaut, jr„ colored, 23, identified as the driver of an Army truck which collided February 21 ■with a taxicab, killing three sol diers, was fined $100 and given a three-month suspended sentence on a charge of reckless driving in Upper Marlboro Police Court yesterday. The soldier, stationed at the Camp Springs (Md.> Army Air Base, was ordered by Trial Magistrate Alan Bowie to serve 30 days in jail in de fault of payment of the fine. The crash, in which three of six soldiers riding in the cab were killed, occurred on the Southern Maryland highway south of Clinton. Duffaut said the cab, driven by Edwin T. Adams, 1300 block of Rhode Island avenue N.W., had been traveling in the middle of the road. He added that as the two vehicles approached each other, the cab swerved to the right of the truck, forcing him to* turn to his left to avoid striking the cab head on. De spite his efforts, he said, the vehicles sideswiped. Mr. Adams claimed that the truck suddenly swerved in front of him, causing him to turn to the left, side swiping the truck. Both drivers had been charged with manslaughter, but were ac quitted. Mr. Adams also was found not guilty of a charge of failing to keep to the right of the road. Nelson (Continued From First Page.) for business firms to begin jockeying for competitive postwar position, Mr. Nelson declared at last night's meeting of industrialists, adver-i tising and radio executives and; publishers, who were brought to j Washington by the Office of War Information and the War Advertis ing Council for an inside look at tne progress of war and possibilities ffir reconversion. The group heard nu merous military leaders and war agency heads during the day, but the Nelson speech was the only one made public. Stresses War Needs. “The Nation cannot afford to have the minds which run Amer ican business swing away from ur gent war problems to postwar mar kets any more than it can afford to have workers leave war jobs in order to look for jobs in the civilian economy, the WPB chief said, add- j ing: "It is only fear about the attitude! of Government that would make business seek a premature return to civilian production at the risk of the national war effort. It is only unwarranted fear of the attitude of management and # Government that would make labor become unduly agitated over (war production) cut backs.” Mr. Nelson said such fears are not justified because inteUigent planning for peace has made the country “better prepared than ever before in its history to anticipate the problems that lie ahead and to overcome them by wise action.” The one-day session of business leaders and Government officials was not open to the public. A fear of some officials that a recent “deluge” of advertising of civilian articles which are now out of pro duction would lead to a letdown in the war effort was the principal reason the industry executives were brought here for a "close-up picture of the war.” Meanwhile, it was understood Mr. Nelson soon will announce selection of a committee, headed by Charles E. Wilson, WPB executive vice chairman, which will fix policy for industry reconversion. The com mittee will closely parallel in repre sentation and functions the Pro duction Executive Committee, which Mr. Wilson also heads. As revealed recently by The Star, this will en able the same group of officials to control cutbacks in the war program and the resumption of civilian pro duction. Army and Navy officials will be heavily represented. 240 Poles Reported Executed in Warsaw By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Mar. 9.—The Polish Telegraph Agency said yesterday it had been informed by the Polish underground that 240 Poles were publicly shot in Warsaw February 15 and that the Germans fired on a large crowd praying at the scene two days later. The agency said also that on Feb ruary 22 the German occupation press in Poland carried the obitu aries of Otto Bauer and Heinrich Schneider, Nazi officials in the| Province of Galicia, confirming re-1 ports that both had been slain by* the underground. Bombers Hit Kuriles 6th Time Without Loss By the Associated Press. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR TERS, Pearl Harbor, Mar. 9.—Six times this year American planes have hit the Japanese in the Kurile Islands on the northern approach to Tokio and returned without loss of a plane. The latest raid, made Sunday by Navy search Venturas on Para mushiro in the face of heavy anti aircraft lire, was announced yester day by Pacific Fleet headquarters. The attack occurred at night and the results, if ovservable, were not disclosed. Headquarters also reported the dropping of 31 tons of bombs Mon day on airfields and other installa tions of the Japanese in the Eastern Marshalls. The attacking Navy search Ventiyas and Hellcat fighters were damaged by antiaircraft Are, ! but all got back to their bases. Dealers Get No Markup On 75-Cenf Liquor Tax Rise Liquor retailers will be given no marginal markup when the top 75 cents-a-quart tax is added to ceiling prices of liquor, the Office of Price Administration said today as it out lined new ceiling prices for bottled goods effective April 1. The tax base will rise to $9 a 100-proof gallon from thopresent $6. The 75-cent top boost will be added to the present ceiling price for 100-proof quarts of whisky, gin, brandy, rum and all other alcoholic distilled spirits, with the increase proportionately less for lower-proof liquors and smaller-sized bottles. The tax oh an 86A-proof fifth, for example, will go up 52 cents. Typical of the additions for wine are a 5-cent hike for a quart with 15 to 21 per cent alcoholic content, while champagnes, sparkling and carbonated wines will be increased by 16 cents for a 26-ounce bottle and 8 cents for a 13-ounce bottle. The new tax applied to beer will mean an increase of only a fraction of a cent a bottle, OPA said. The 500th red ribbon signlfyini eight Red Cross blood donations and membership in the “Gallon Club’ has been awarded Mrs. Lillian Bron stein, a Red Cross nurses’ aide. QUICK FOR HEAD COLI MISERY ' ' ' When nostrils clogged—reach for cool ing Mentholatum.fmefcJ Speedily Menthoiatum starts 4 vital actions: (1) Helps thin out thick stubborn mucus; (2) Soothes irritated mem branes; (8) Helps dues swollen passages; (4) Stimulates local blood supply . . . right to “sick" area. Every breath brings quick, wel come relief l Jars 80s. WATER AOINT CAmONAHO* w ''-iV.l-' ... „ •>«*? What do you hear from your highball? Listen! When drinks are mixed with Canada Dry Water, they sing with zest... live liness lasts down to the very last sip. Canada Dry’s “pin-point carbona tion”*...millions of tinier bubbles... insures lasting sparkle, in spite of melt ing ice. Make the most of your pre? cious liquor stocks. Use Canada Dry Water. Its special formula points up the flavor of any tall drink—scotch, rye, bourbon, gin or rum. *PIN-POINT CARBONATION—the famous Canada Dry method of achieving livelier and longer-lasting zestl _ IS.O.S. I If you are to continue to receive supplies of your BH| favorite beverage at all times, every returnable bottle must HHE be kept in use^.x.j. so return all empty bottles to your HR dealer today!' p m d w Franchised Bottler: Pepsi-Cola Bottling Co., Washington, D. C. Don’t you love luscious postel shades like these-gold, tropical blue, jungle green, African violet, praline brown? Can’t you imagine how fascinating they are in | softest purest wool? That’s the picture | book story of this slim little junior cardigan suit-with those softly tailored ! dressmakerish touches you prize so much. Sizes 9 to 15. 1335 F St. N.W. Store Hour* Thursday 12 to 9 P.M. | Listen—WRC, 7 A.M. Tues., Thurs. b Sot.