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Fair, warmer; low near 30 tonight. To morrow cloudy, warmer. Temperatures today—Highest. 34. at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 19, at 5:45 a m. Yes terday—Highest, 31, at 4:55 p.m.; low est, 22. at 8:20 a.m. __I Late New York Markets, Page A-15. Guide for Readers Page. Amusements - A-ll Comics.B-14-15 Editorials ..A-8 Edit'l Articles 1-.A-9 Finance .A-5 Lost and Found A-3 Page Obituary .A-10 Radio.B-15 Society.B-3 Sports .A-12-13 Where to Go.. B-4 Woman's Page B-10 An Associated Press Newspoper 92d YEAR. No. 36,472. WASHINGTON, D. G, FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 1944—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. **** Washington rrTTT>TT,T? r^T?XTTQ FIVE CENTS and Suburbs VliPIlD. Elsewhera Eire Requested By U. S. to Oust Axis Envoys Acts to Shut Off Leaks to Enemy; Bases Not Asked Bj the Associated Press. BELFAST, Northern Ireland, Mar. 10.—The United States has asked neutral Eire to close the Germaw Legation and the Jap anese Consulate as an anti espionage measure to protect Al lied troop movements in North ern Ireland. Although a note presented late in February by David Gray, United States Minister to Eire, contained no ultimatum and no demand for Southern Ireland bases, rumors arose that such demands had been made. A “stand to’’ by Erie's army was ordered along the Ulster border from February 25 to February 28. The British government approved the American note, but the United States is handling the job of trying to plug this information outlet to the Axis which has been a source of worry to Washington and Lon don for years. News of the development reached Belfast early this week, but trans mission was banned by British cen sorship until today. One account said that following a conference with Mr. Gray at which the note was presented, Prime Min ister Eamon De Valera immediately had the Irish Minister to Washing ton, Robert Brennan, contact Presi dent Roosevelt. The President was reported to have assured Mr. Brennan there was no question of force and that the note simply was a request as a mat ter of urgency that something be done against the activities of Axis establishments in Eire. Officials Here Silent On Overtures to Eire The State Department and the Irish Legation here refused to dis cuss reports from Eire today that the United States had asked neutral Eire to break communications with the Axis in a new Allied effort to hinder the flow of information and supplies to Germany preparatory to the invasion. Secretary of State Hull expressed the hope at a press conference that he would have a statement on Ire land tomorrow. Eire has been strictly neutral throughout the war, maintaining ' relations with both sides. However, the six northern counties (Ulster) joined in the war and large Allied bases are established there. Some protests were made in the 1 Dail Eireann (Irish Parliament) 1 when American troops first landed in the northern counties in 1942, and the Yanjcs were not permitted by their commanding officers to cross into Eire on furloughs. Airmen Interned. Airmen, both Axis and Allied, who have landed in Irish territory have been interned there. Allied efforts to clamp down on Axis agents and strategic purchases in other neutral counrties have in tensified lately. Negotiations are now being carried on with Spain and Portugal in an effort to choke off the flow of war materials to Germany. The State Department still hopes | that Finland will drop out of the! war, and the Turkish situation has! come up again for intensified re view. The British cut shipments of top priority military supplies to Turkey last month. Less Important Now. Eire no longer is of such top stra tegic importance as when the battle for the Atlantic was a touch-and-go matter and lack of long-range planes and aircraft carriers made it impos sible to give air cover to merchant ships across the ocean. However, the country is to a large measure dependent on Great Britain and the United States for important supplies. The Irish Minister to Washington. Robert Brennan, said recently the food situation was good in Eire ex cept for a 20 per cent wheat short age. He asked the State Department for permission to allow an Irish shipping company to purchase two! United States merchant vessels to be used primarily to carry wheat. The Irish merchant fleet, which plies mainly to Canada, the United1 States and Portugal, consists of about 12 ships. Two were sunk last year, one by an unidentified subma rine. The cause of the other sinking was never ascertained. Lewis Douglas Resigns As Deputy Shipping Chief President Roosevelt today an nounced the resignation of Lewis W. | Douglas, deputy war shipping ad ministrator, and at the same time made public a letter in which Mr. I Douglas said the administrative re- ' spoasibilities are more than he will! be able to discharge after April 1. Mr. Douglas, however, will remain as deputy on the combined Shipping Adjustment Board and as chairman of its Employment Policy Commit tee until July 1. He explained to the President that this work would not take more than a day or so a week, adding that he is willing to assume some other temporary war responsibility if Mr. Roosevelt de sired. The President accepted Mr. Doug las’ resignation “with the greatest regret” and told him “it is good to know that I can count on your help in the future.” Mr. Douglas formerly was budget director, but broke with the admin istration on questions of fiscal policy. Bill Would Extend Leave Representative Clayson, Repub lican. of Massachusetts today in troduced a bill to extend from 90 to 120 days the amount of leave that may be accumulated by any em ploye of the executive departments! or independent agencies. He said I this would include employes of the1 District government. I Nazis Report Churchill's Son Leader in Landing Off Dalmatia Commandos Said To Be Included in Lissa Island Force By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 10.—“British and American Commandos” under Capt. Randolph Churchill have landed on Lissa Island off the Dalmatian coast of Yugo slavia, the Berlin radio said today. The broadcast said Capt. Church ill, son of the British Prime Min ister, now has a force of about 1,500 men under his command, but the Germans reported it was not clear whether they included some of the ■2.000 followers of Marshal Josip Broz (Tito) who are on the island. Young Churchill recently con ferred with Tito, presumably after he parachuted into Yugoslavia. The Berlin broadcast identified him as “a British general with the name of Churchill,” but there was no doubt here that Berlin was talking about the Prime Minister’s son. There was no immediate confirmation, however, of the landing report. Capt. Churchill, 32, was the first member of Parliament to become a paratrooper. The Allies have been giving aid to Tito’s Partisans, but there has been no official announce ment of the presence of British Commando or American Ranger troops in Yugoslavia. The broadcast said the British and Americans landed a few days ago and added that the “detach ments are probably designed to se cure the island as a supply base and CAPT. RANDOLPH CHURCHILL. to guard American and British sup plies located in the island on behalf of the Tito bands in Southeast Europe.” Lissa, an island about 10 miles long and 5 miles wide, is in the Adriatic 30 miles off the important port of Split. It is 120 miles east-of ‘Italy’s mainland. RAF Bombers Attack German Air Factory In Southern France Goering Reported on Way Out as Result Of U. S. Berlin Raids Br the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 10.—Britain’s four-engined Lancasters, strik ing again at Germany’s aircraft production, reached far into Southern France last night and bombed the large factory at Marignane, near Marseille, the Mr Ministry announced today. The RAF strike kept Allied aerial slows going around the clock fol lowing yesterday’s bombing of Berlin ;hrough dense clouds by the Amer ican 8th Air Force. The devastating success of Ameri can day raids on Berlin, in which at ease 324 Nazi planes have been de stroyed, has precipitated a crisis imong top-ranking men of the Ger nan Air Force wit ha sweeping re organization now in progress, the London Daily Mail said yesterday in i Stockholm dispatch quoting aeutral sources. Under the changes directed by Hitler, the dispatch said, Reich narshal Hermann Goering will take t back seat and the younger men vith more specialized knowledge of Ighter defense will get power. Utterly Bewildered. The dispatch described Goering as ‘utterly bewildered by the strength of the Allied aerial blows” and said that “he stands outside his villa in: the Berlin suburbs gazing vacantly, at the sky.” The Air Ministry communique j telling of last night’s operation said! the large aircraft factory at Marig nane was attacked in bright moon light and first reports indicated the bombing as accurate and concen trated. At the same time Mosquitos, giv ing Western Germany no respite, struck objectives in that area. The Air Ministry said none of its planes was missing. Third Precision Raid in Month. The Lancaster raid was the RAF’s third night precision attack on Ger man aircraft factories in France in a month. On February 8 a similar force us ing the new six-ton "factory-buster" bomb, hit the Gnome-Rhone air plane engine factory at Limoges, and on March 2 smashed at plants near Paris and Albert in Northern France. A United States communique last night said yesterday’s blow against the Reich capital and a co-ordinated raid on unspecified objectives in Central Germany—identified by the Berlin radio as Hannover — cost seven heavy bombers and one fight er, figures that contrasted sharply with 68 bombers and 11 fighters lost Monday. Although the Flying Fortresses, Liberators and their escorting Mus tangs, Thunderbolts and Lightnings plunged through heavy antiaircraft fire to reach yesterday's targets, most of the German airforce appar ently was grounded. Minor Encounters. The American flyers reported only minor encounters with the enemy and made no claims of any Nazi planes destroyed. * It was the second day in succes sion and the fourth time in six days that American bombers had re turned to the fire-blackened Ger man capital. Those raids have cost 193 Amer ican planes —137 bombers and 56 fighters—as against the minimum of 324 German planes known for cer tain to have been destroyed. No accurate assessment of the new punishment inflicted on Berlin by the Americans has yet become avail able. but a Stockholm dispatch quoted a traveler as declaring "it has ceased to be a capital or even a town.” The Cairo radio, quoting another Swedish report, said the city had been without electricity, gas and water all this week. Another Swedish traveler said the Germans are convinced that Ameri can bombers “must have some new weapon” making possible such pin point accuracy as the destruction of the ball-bearing works and tank plants in Erkener, southern suburb of Berlin. He said more than 500 incendiaries landed on the factory. Severe Weather Holds Operations in Italy To Minor Patrols AIITed Bombers Manage To Attack Shipping and Targets in Rome Area By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Mar. 10.—Activity on all battle fronts in Italy dwindled to minor patrol operations yes terday in the face of severe weather, Allied headquarters announced today. Allied aircraft managed to get into the air, however, for 900 sorties. Medium bombers again attacked shipping and other targets at Santo Stefano and Montalto di Castro northwest of Rome. Light bombers hit enemy gun positions at Campo leone back of the Anzio beachhead and the railway at Capranica. Two Allied Planes Missing. Approximately 30 enemy aircraft were sighted over the battle area during the day, the announcement said. Two Allied planes are missing. Headquarters announced that the total of Germans captured on all fronts in Italy since the Salerno landings last September has now passed 15,000. Three thousand of these were taken on the beachhead and 1,500 in and around Casslno. Skirmishes occurred between patrols at various points yesterday on the beachhead, one of them in the ravines of the Moletta River, southwest of Carroceto. In another area British soldiers shot down an enemy fighter plane with small arms fire. Situation “Much Better.’* A delayed dispatch released last night quoted en. Sir Harold Alex ander, Allied commander in Italy, as telling war correspondents on a visit to the beachhead March 4 that the situation there now is “very much better” than three weeks be fore. Yesterday’s air war brought the first announcement of P-39 Aira cobras carrying bombs. They blasted a fuel-carrying train at Montalto di Castro and the airfield at Marina di Pisa, a few miles up the coast from Leghorn. Red Cross Gets $484,851 A total of 36,750 additional gifts, amounting to $194,568, was reported at today’s Red Cross luncheon meeting by Government and general business divisions. This in creased the aggregate to 49, 423 contributions, amounting to $484,851, or 18.19 per cent of the District area $2,665,000 quota. (Earlier Story on Page A-4.) Nazis Quit Uman, Ukraine Base Near Bug River Gains at Four Points In New Offensive Reported by Reds (Map on Page A-2.) By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 10.—The Rus sians announced today the capture of Uman, one of the Germans’ strong bases in the Western Ukraine. Uman, a rail head, lies about mid way between Vinnista and Kirovo grad and about 25 miles east of the Bug River. It is at the hinge be tween the Russian drive toward Nikolaev and the other Soviet Southern Ukrainian drive into old Poland on the west. Moscow said the great offensive in the Southern Ukraine had resulted in the capture of Staro-Konstanti nov, the storming of the inner de fenses of Tamopol and the breach ing of the German lines guarding the Black Sea ports of Nikolaev and Kherson. Nine Divisions Routed. Most spectacular of yesterday’s development was the disclosure by Premier Stalin of a new Russian drive launched by Gen. Rodion V. Malinovsky southwest of Krivoi Rog. Here, in four days of intensive fighting, the 3d Ukrainian Army, driving westward across the Ingul lets River, routed nine German di visions and captured Novi Bug and Grozhany, respectively 53 and 40 miles above Nikolaev, and Kazanka, 17 miles northeast of Novi Bug. Eight thousand Germans were killed and 1,000 captured in this ad vance, the Russian communique as serted. Nazi forces were driven back from 19 to 37 miles, abandon ing huge stocks of war material, in cluding 67 tanks, 175 guns and more than 2,000 trucks. More than 200 localities were liberated by Gen. Malinovsky’s troops, the bulletin added. Threat to Nazi Forces. Besides menacing the Black Sea forts of Nikolaev and Kherson, Gen. Malinovsky s advance was a direct threat to the several hundred thou sand Nazi forces still in the Lower Ukraine and alopg the coast of the Black Sea toward Odessa, front dis patches pointed out. Capture of Staro-Konstantinov, 26 miles north of Proskurov, by Mar shal Gregory K. Zhukov’s 1st Urka inian Army netted large stocks of war material, Moscow said. It left the Germans in this sector only a 20-mile corriror along the railway south of Proskurov as a retreat route toward Rumania. Proskurov Itself was threatened with capture by Red Army troops who were last reported only 7 miles away. Marshal Zhugov’s right wing made short work of the Tarnopol de fenses, Russian advices indicated. Previously reported 9 miles from that key junction on the Odessa Warsaw trunk railway, Red Army infantry, buttressed by tank units, swept over enemy lines, "burst into the town and engaged the enemy in street fighting,” the Moscow bul letin said. Fortified Villages Stormed. Other units stormed fortified vil lages in the Tarnopol area, including Ivachuv, 5 miles to the northwest, and Dichgov, a rail station on the railway to the east. This gave Gen. Zhukov control of a 53-mile stretch of the trunk line from Dichkov west to Gruzhevitsa. Capture of Maly Hodachkuv, also east of Tarnopol, placed Soviet spearheads within 55 miles of the Dniester River and the Rumanian frontier. Other Russian forces in the Berdichev sector, northwest of Proskurov, captured the town of Ulanov, 56 miles northeast of Proskurov. This drive linked with the eastern end of Gen. Zhukov’s offensive, giving the latter a con tinuous front of about 140 miles facing the Rumanian border. Estonian Capital Bombed. Moscow again was silent regard ing developments on other sectors of the long front, but Helsinki dis patches to Swedish newspapers re ported the bombing by Russian planes of Reval (Tallinn), capital and major port of Estonia. Earlier, the German-controlled Scandinavian Telegraph Bureau, quoting dispatches from Reval, de clared the Russian Air Force had destroyed the Estonian seaport of Narva in a night-long attack last Monday. Irvin S. Cobb, Noted Writer And Humorist, Dies in New York Several Ailments Had Complicated 3 Months' Illness B> ihe Associated Press. NEW YORK, Mar. 10.—Irvin S. Cobb, 67, humorist and writer, j died today at his Hotel Sheraton apartment after a long illness. Mr. Cobb had been ill for the last three months, suffering from a se ries of complications, including dropsy. His wife was at his bedside when the end came. Grantland Rice, sports writer and friend of the family, who announced !the death, said the funeral would be private, but further plans had ;not been made. I Irvin Shrewsbury Cobb, whose! flashing wit made him famous on! both sides of the Atlantic, leaped into big journalism as the start of a career as a writer, speaker and film actor from that traditional seat of inspiration, a park bench. It was in 1904, six weeks after Mr. Cobb had gone to New York fresh from gratifying success as a news paperman in his home town of Pa ducah, Ky. He was doing badly, had only $18 in his pocket and was siftin': on the IRVIN S. COBB. bench cogitating on the inhospitality of Manhattan. He glanced at a newspaper. “I was struck with something I hadn't noticed before—the flippant tone used toward important people something unheard of in Southern (See COBB. Page A-14.1 /you’d BETTE TELL KINS CANUTE,* 1 ...OR THE BOSS...OR I SOMEBODy...TO DO \ SOMETHING ABOUT ^^THE TIDE ? A President Disclaims Any Differences With Churchill Over Fleet Leaves Impression Reds Will Get Ships Other Than Those From Italy Bj the Associated Press. President Roosevelt declared today that what he and Prime Minister Churchill had said about disposition of the Italian fleet was correct; that no con troversy could be made of it, and that he would violate military security by discussing what ves sels might go to various places. Mr. Roosevelt spoke in response to a question at a news conference whether there was anything fur ther that might be said about the status of the Italian fleet, since “considerable comment, controversy or discussion” has arisen. The President announced a week ago that a third of the Italian fleet or its equivalent might be turned over to Russia. The President remarked that quite a lot of persons had omitted some of his key words and he agreed with a reporter that those words were: “Or the equivalent.” Churchill Explained to Commons. (Mr. Churchill told Commons yesterday that “the question of the future employment and dis posal of the Italian fleet has been the subject of some discussion, and in particular consideration has been given to the immediate reinforcement of the Soviet Navy either from Anglo-American or Italian resources.” (He said the question of ulti mate disposal of Italian ships may not be settled until after the end of the war, and added that “at present no change is con templated in the arrangements” whereby Italian ships and crews are operating against Germany.) Meanwhile, it was learned here that more than a dozen British and American surface warship® plus a score of other naval craft may be assigned to Russia under the deal now pending on the Italian fleet. Would Serve for Duration. The present plan, It was said is to transfer British and Amer ican naval units to Russian op eration for the duration of the war and leave the Italian fleet rela tively intact in the Mediterranean, where it has performed well under American and British direction. Once the Russians have been in structed in the handling of the vessels they get. strategic factors indicate they will be put in service on the northern supply route to Murmansk. They cannot be moved into the Black Sea because of Ger man control, through island-based aircraft of the Mediterranean ap proaches to the Dardanellas. Even tually, if Russia goes to war with Japan, they might be employed In the Pacific. First Reports Confusing. The full story of Italian fleet dis position indicates that most of the confusion and particularly the con cern expressed by Premier Pietro Badoglio in Italy over what was to happen arose from the way in which the news was first made public. At the time of Mr. Roosevelt’s press conference last Friday, the problem had been under study by military authorities for several months. They were created by terms of the Italian surrender last September and developed this way: The surrender was made to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, then Med iterranean commander, who acted on behalf of the United States, Russia and Britain and in the in terest of the United Nations. The three big powers, therefore, were the only Allies which had a direct claim to a division of captured materials. Sometime after the surrender, the Russians made an inquiry which was, in effect, "what about our share of the fleet?’’ At that time it seemed likely that Turkey would come into the war. Turkish belligerency probably would have resulted in clearing the Eastern Mediterranean. The disposition of Anglo-Ameri can staff chiefs then was to make an actual split of the Italian navy, leaving two-thirds in the Mediter ranean and transferring the other third to Russia for the rest of the war. But. as Turkish negotiations dragged, the fleet problem dragged with them. WPB to Curb Rum, Gin Imports, Cutting Liquor Supply Further 15-to-30-Day Embargo Likely After Restrictions Take Effect March 15 Importation of all rums, gins, cordials and other alcoholic bev erages produced from cane sugar will be placed under strict con trols March 15, the War Produc tion Board announced today, so manufacture in the Caribbean area and other Latin American countries can be diverted to in dustrial alcohol badly needed in the war effort. Imports of cane beverage liquors from Cuba and other Southern countries increased steadily last year. At the end of 1943, it was un derstood, imports of gin from Cuba were 25 times greater than in Janu ary, 1943, while Cuban exports of rum had increased 60 times the vol ume at the beginning of the year. Since the new quotas will be set on the basis of average imports for 1943, they will be considerably less than the tremendous volume of liquors coming into this country to ward the end of last year. Thus the order will greatly reduce the already depleted liquor supply in this coun try. The new order will be issued un der the Government’s wartime con trols over imports, and WPB officials said that in order to provide time for obtaining information required from importers to administer the regulation, all importations of cane <See LIQUOR~Page A~5.) 'Army, Navy Regulars Allowed to Hold, But Not Seek, Office Restriction Doesn't Apply To Temporary Personnel, President Declares By j. A. FOX. Regular Army and Navy per sonnel may accept a nomination for public office if it is tendered without political activity on their part and if campaigning does not interfere with, their war du ties, under a service agreement announced today by President Roosevelt. The order, which Mr. Roosevelt told his press conference was issued to clarify the position of the serv ices, provides that Army and Navy personnel other than the regulars may become candidates on their own initiative. In their case it is pro vided, too, that their office seeking must not interfere with their mili tary and naval duties. The White House announcement attracted attention in political cir cles here in view of the publicity Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Lt. Comdr. Harold E. Stassen have re ceived as possible Republican candi | dates. The order also quotes the statutory prescription against any Army officer on the active list holding civilian office simultaneously and, amplify ing, specifies that any one from the Army and Navy elected to office "will not at any time, or while in active duty status, act in his official capac ity as the holder of the office or per form any of the duties thereof.” Procedure Always Followed. The President said that the order is not directed at any one person; that it was the same procedure that always had been followed, and that he did not think a controversy could be made out of it. Under the terms of the order, as a ■ regular officer Gen. MacArthur could not seek nomination, but for mer Gov. Stassen of Minnesota, a lieutenant commander, who is in the service ohly for the duration of the jWar, could do so. The order was signed by Secretary of War Stimson and Secretary of Navy Knox. Incorporated in the order is a j broad prohibition against political j activities by servicemen as long as ! they are on active duty. On this point the order says, “No member of the land or naval forces j while on active duty, will use his official authority or influence for the purpose of interfering with an election or affecting the course or outcome thereof. Such person, while on active duty, retains the right to vote, and to express their opinions privately and informally Ion all political subjects and candi dates, and to become candidates | for public office as permitted in I this regulation. “They will not be permitted to participate in any way in political ! management or political campaigns. I The foregoing prohibition includes, j among other things, activity at po litical conventions or on political committees, participation in polit ical campaigns, the making of po litical speeches, the publication of articles or any other public activity looking to the influencing of an election or the solicitation of votes for himself or others.” Only 3 Appeals So Fai Granted by President For Draft Delays Many Cases Pending As More Than 100 Are Sent to White House By MIRIAM OTTENBERG. The White House disclosed to day that the cases of more than 100 Federal workers already have been appealed to President Roosevelt as a result of refusals of the Review Committee on Federal Deferments to grant draft stays. It was learned yesterday that sev eral more Government agencies plan to appeal to Mr. Roosevelt the most recent decisions of the Review Committee in denying deferments to employes described as “keymen.” Most of the White House cases are still pending, it was said, but so far the President has granted only three Government agency ap peals for deferment. One Deferment Granted. Of 23 cases referred to the Presi dent by the State Department, the White House reported, only one de ferment request was granted. The Foreign Economic Adminis tration appealed successfully in two cases, winning deferments until July. Twenty-four appeals from the War Shipping Administration were returned to the Review Committee and a hearing was set for late this week on 63 appeals from the Re construction Finance Corp. The Petroleum Administration for War made one appeal and later withdrew it and the President de nied the request of a Justice De partment official for a release from his agency to accept a commission. President Reviews Each Case. The White House said both fathers and nonfathers were in cluded in the group. Judge Samuel I. Rosenman. is collecting the evi dence on the cases, but the White House said the President reviews each appeal personally. Meanwhile. Edgar Puryear, chair man of the Review Committee, an swering charges that the commit tee’s refusal to grant draft defer ments was threatening to disrupt some agencies, declared today that his committee was considering only essentiality and replaceability and not whether the men were more im portant in their present jobs or in the armed forces. Mr. Puryear predicted that when the committee completes acting on approximately 40.000 cases of fathers employed in Government only about 12 per cent will be granted defer ments. The committee was expected to re port all its decisions to the House Military Affairs Committee by the middle of next week. Warmer Weather Due After Low of 19 Today The temperature dropped to 19 degrees at 5:45 a.m. today, giving Washington its coldest morning since last Friday wheh the low was 18. Tonight will not be as cold, with a minimum of 30 predicted. More pleasant weather over the week end is probable, the forecaster said. It is bound to be warmer, he said, and added that no rain is in slight. I U. S. Bans Visas For Diplomats Backing Farrell Chile, Bolivia and Paraguay Affected; Ramirez Resigns By BLAIR BOLLES. Issuance of diplomatic visas permitting entrance into the United States has been suspend ed for officials of Argentina and the three South American coun tries—Chile, Bolivia and Para guay—which have recognized the Argentine government of Acting President Gen. Edelmiro Farrell, it was learned authori tatively today* At the same time it was learned this Government will be ready soon to impose economic sanction* against Argentina in order to imple ment its policy of withholding recog nition of the Farrell regime unless the Buenos Aires government is rec ognized in a manner that will give Washington confidence of its friend liness toward the United States. Farrell Meets With Cabinet. President Pedro Ramirez formally resigned today, the Associated Press reported in a dispatch from Buenos Aires. He sent a notification of his resignation to the Supreme Court, which merely acknowledged receipt of the notification and a manifesto Gen. Ramirez addressed to the nation. Neither document was made public immediately. Meanwhile, Gen. Farrell and hi* ministers were discussing the situa tion in a special cabinet meeting. A number of American republics, including Brazil, have hesitated to formulate a policy of withholding recognition from Gen. Farrell be cause he has said that he is acting as president only because of Gen. Ramirez’s “ill health.” Firm Action Foreseen. The State Department, mean while, denied reports that It has suspended issuance of passports for American citizens to enter Argen tina, Bolivia, Chile and Paraguay. The department said visas are still being issued for unofficial ci^Uans of those countries to travel to the United States. Secretary Hull said at his press conference today that the situation inside Argentina is in such a state of confusion that it defies intelli gent or accurate comment. The conference was his first in more than two weeks. He explained that he had not followed international events in detail while away and would take a little time to catch up before he began commenting. Alberto Guani of Uruguay, chair man of the Hemisphere Defense Committee which organized the unified American Republics policy of nonrecognition of the revolu tionary government of Gualberto Villaroel in Bolivia, is studying the possibility of joint action on the Argentine question. That now is expected to be simpler to cope with in view of the Ramirez resignation. Doctrine of Nonrecognition. It is reported that Guani has suggested American adoption of a doctrine of nonrecognition of gov ernments which threaten inter American solidarity. The doctrine i governing nonrecognition of Bolivia j was that recognition should be withheld at least temporarily from American governments established by force. The United States is collecting information on the background of Chile's action in recognizing Far rell, which came while Ambassador Claude Bowers was absent from Santiago on a vacation trip. The American Government was dis turbed by the liberation of nine al leged pro-Axis spies arrested by Chile, then given a hearing in po lice court. Chile has a statute pro viding for extraordinary treatment of suspected spies, but the statute was not invoked. Despite the nonrecognition of Bo livia, the United States is continu ; ing to buy and sell in that country | as it was before the announcement | of refusal to recognize Villaroel’s government. High officials here, however, are said to have received ; indications of forthcoming changes j in the make-up of the Bolivian gov ! emment. ben. Usher Appointed To Solomons Air Post By the Associated Press. HEADQUARTERS. 13th AAF. South Pacific, Mar. 10.—Brig. Gen. George L. Usher, Alexandria, Va., former commandant of Moffett Field, Calif., today was announced as new deputy commander of the 13th Army Air Force in the Solomon Islands. He had been commander of Army Air Forces’ units in the Fiji Islands and New Caledonia. A native of the Bronx. N. Y., Gen. Usher came to Alexandria in 1935 after being appointed chief of per sonnel of the Air Forces. In 1939 he was placed in command of Mof fett Field, Calif., fov two years, after which he assumed command of Wright Field, Ohio. He went over seas in September, 1942. Jury Convicts Woman Of Slaying Husband By the Associated Press. NORRISTOWN, Pa„ March 10— Helen M. Wucherer, 44. was convict ed of second-degree murder today in the fatal shooting of the ’’model husband" she had offered to share with another ‘woman. The jury of eight women and four men deliberated half an hour last night and nearly four hours today. Conviction carries a maximum penalty of 20 years’ imprisonment. Mrs. Wucherer wept quietly when the verdict was announced. The State charged that Mrs. Wucherer killed August Wucherer in their suburban Philadelphia horns last October 31 after he told her he wanted a divorce to marry Mrs. Morion Johnson. 37. a divorcee.