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Hair* late this afternoon and tonight. Monday, clearing and colder. Temperatures yesterday — Highest, 1» 51, at 4:20 p m.: lowest, 25. at 7:15 a m. United States Weather Bureau Report, Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star is delivered by carrier in the city and suburbs at 80c per month when 4 Sundays; 90c per month when 5 Sundays. Telephone NA. 5000. An Associated Press Newspaper. Xo. 2,032—Xo. 36,474. WASHINGTON, D. C., MARCH 12, 1944-100 PAGES. * ** W»*ntnitton rp T? \T r-TT1 VTQ 12 CENTS »nrt Suburb* iXii' LLA lo BUewbcr* U.S. Air Fleet Battles Over Padua, Florence and Toulon Also Blasted; Policy Toward Ireland Stiffened — ♦ ---—— -- A Fighting at Italian Center Fiercest Since Regensburg By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. NAPLES. Mar. 11. — American aerial might based in Italy was unleashed in full force and vay riety today, hitting historic Flor ence for the first time in the war as well as the great Nazi naval base at Toulon in France and the railroad yards at Padua, Italy. A savage 35-minute running battle was fought by the Flying Fortresses and their escort of Thunderbolts during the strike at Padua, 22 miles from Venice, and returning airmen called it the hardest fight by airmen of this theater since the attack on Regensburg February 25. The Germans apparently sent up every type of plane at their com mand, including rocket-firing fight ers, and swept against the American bombers in waves. Attacked by Swarm of Fighters. One description of the spectacular air struggle was given by Capt. William A. Rynne, 28-year-old fighter pilot of Yonkers. N. Y„ who shot down two Messerschmitts, boosting his total to five and making him an ace. "We were flying top cover for the Forts,” he said. “When we saw the first fighters—about 20 Focke-Wulf 190s—coming in from above in a shallow dive and firing rockets at the B-17s. "Soon the sky was like a swarm of flies around a molasses barrel. "Behind w’e could see about 50 Messerschmitts and Macchis (an Italian-built fighter) attackng a lone formation of bombers. “We went back and joined in the fight. That’s when I picked off my two.” Smoke Rises Mile High. In spite of the violent battle, the Fortresses were able to blanket the Padua yards with a heavy load of bombs and crewmen said that smoke rose more than a mile high as they left. A special Air Force announce ment dwelling on this battle said that early reports indicated both bombers and fighters destroyed a large number -of enemy planes with comparatively minor losses of their own. The attack on Toulon, the sec ond in five days, was made by Lib erators with an escort of Light nings and met comparatively light opposition and scant flak. Marauder medium bombers were especially chosen tor the inaugural blow at Florence because their crews had been trained for precision work and had been instructed to take ex traordinary precautions in wrecking the network of railroads without damaging the city’s famed art treasures. First photographs brought back from the raid showed hits on the railroad yards, locomotive repair shops and rolling stock and disclosed that no bombs fell closer than 1.500 feet to any object of cultural signifi cance, the Air Force announced. Maj. Gen. John K. Cannon, com mander of the Tactical Air Force, congratulated the Marauder groups (See ITALY, Page A-4.) Pope Pius Broadcasts World Message Today Pontiff May Discuss Rome's Future in War Br (he Associated Press. AT THE SWISS-ITALIAN FRON TIER, Mar. 11—Pope Pius XII will observe the fifth anniversary of his coronation by speaking to the world tomorrow from the loggia of St. Peter's. Pageantry will be missing. Dispatches indicate a widespread expectation that the Holy Father will make some announcement con cerning the future of Rome. In formation here is that the Vatican is continuing effoits to have Rome spared the ravages of war. Genevas La Suisse said Luigi Cardinal Maglione. papal secretary of state, had obtained assurances from the German Ambassador to the Holy See that the German air force will not pursue Allied planes over Rome. The newspaper said anti-aircraft batteries have been re moved beyond the city limits. Romans have not given up hope that the Poire will be able to make a "great announcement" that the city will not become a battle front —or at least that the pontiff will address a new appeal to leaders of the belligerents. A pontifical mass at Lateran Cathedral will be followed by the Te Deum. The Pope then is sched uled to appear on the St. Peters balcony at 3:30 p.nt. < 10:30 am. Eastern war time) to address the people and to give by radio the apostolic blessing "urbi et orbi"— to the city and the world. (American networks said in New York they had no plans for a rebroadcast in this country.) The Vatican plans the broadcast on 50.26 and 3106 meters, with re lay by the Italian radio network on 31.42. Transfer of Ship to Irish Flag Refused Because of 2 Sinkings Axis Declared Making War on Neutral To Detriment of United Nations Cause RESTRICTION ON TRAVEL be tween Britain and Eire expected. Page A-5. By the Associated Press. The State Department an nounced last night that it had refused sale of a merchant ship to Ireland because Axis sub marines had wantonly sunk other American ships operating under the Irish flag despite Ire land’s policy of neutrality to ward the Axis. Although the refusal was made more than a month before the United States asked Ireland to abandon neutrality, the fact it was announced last night on the heels of disclosure that Prime Minister de Valera had rejected the abandon ment request, strongly indicated that a firmer American policy on economic co-operation with Ireland is in effect. The fact that Ireland had asked to purchase the Wolverine, an 8,000 ton vessel, in this country and the Government's reason for declining to approve the sale, were set forth in a note delivered to Prime Minister de Valera in Dublin January 6 by David Gray, American Minister to Dublin. Simultaneously, the department released the text of a message from President Roosevelt to Mr. de Valera February 26. 1942, reassuring the Prime Minister that the arrival of American troops in Britain during the first weeks of war did not con stitute a threat to Irish security. The President declared this Gov ernment had not “the slightest _(See IRISH, Page A-5.) RAF Raid Follows Up Heavy U. S. Smashes At Reich and France Pas-de-Calais Area And Muenster Are American Targets By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sunday, Mar. 12.— RAF planes closed out an his toric week of heavy aerial at tacks last night with a trip across the Channel following a big daylight smash by United States heavy bombers at military targets in Muenster, Germany, and the Pas-de-Calais area of France. There was no immediate indica tion what targets the British planes were after or whether the operation was by heavy night bombers or Mosquitos. They were heard in one Southeast English coastal district flying toward the continent some time after nightfall and later they roared back across the Channel. The “bomber's moon'’ under which they flew was like that which the RAF used earlier in the week to accomplish night precision bombing. Axis-controlled radio stations gave the first indication that British planes were out to wind up perhaps the most significant week of the air war. Enemy Radios Off Air. The Paris radio failed to come on with its regular 10 p.m. news bulletin and the Luxembourg trans mitter announced that it was “clos ing down because of the approach of enemy aircraft.” The Frankfurt radio then broadcast a Warning that airplanes were reported in the alert area. The operation of the American bombers was the 14th this month for the Allied heavyweights based in Britain. Meeting no opposition from enemy fighters. Fortresses bombed Muen ster through an overcast, using navigational instruments. United (See RAIDS, Page A-4j Daniel G. Zimmerman, Hit by Bus Here, Dies Daniel G. Zimmerman, 48, of 3040 u. R street N.W., was struck by a Capital Transit Co. bus early this morning as he crossed Eleventh street N.W. by the Greyhound bus terminal at New York avenue. He was taken to Emeregency Hospital where he died a few hours later. Physicians said that he had a frac tured skull. Police said that the driver of the bus w'as Emerette H. Sellers of 1149 Oates street N.E. Complete Index, Page A-2 Radio Programs, Pg. C-10 Japs Believed Quitting Rabaul to Reinforce Central New Britain Four Troop Barges Sunk Near Talasea, Now Held by Marines By the Associated Press. Japan apparently Is pulling troops out of bomb-shattered Rabaul to reinforce positions in Central New Britain against American advances up the north and south coasts. Four troop-laden barges were sunk Wednesday night near Talasea, Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced to day in his Sunday communique, and a fifth was damaged. Probably close to 200 Japanese were killed in the action. Talasea, on the north coast of New Britain about 170 miles from Rabaul, and its nearby airstrip were taken earlier by United States Marines. Directly below Talasea on the south coast, PT boats sank a coastal vessel perhaps carrying reinforce ments to strengthen Gasmata against the threat of 6th Army troops moving up from Arawe. Rabaul Raided Again. Unescorted bombers caused heavy damage in a new raid on Rabaul itself where the Tokio radio ad mitted life has become so “ghastly and terrible” the defenders no longer "care what happens.” Daring little PT boats moved in close to shore and shelled Madang. around which the Tokio radio re ported Japanese forces were re grouping on northeast New Guinea. The highly-fortified and much bombed Madang area is bracketed between American forces on the coast, Australians inland and Ameri can troops to the north on Los Negros Island in the Admiralty group. Farther up the New Quinea coast bombers sank two freighters and three small craft near the port of Hollandia. Japs Attack on Bougainville. The only ground action reported in the entire South-Southwest Pa cific war theater was on Bougain ville Island in the Solomons, where Japanese attacked the American perimeter at Empress Augusta Bay. The attack was repulsed, the com munique said, and 100 Japanese were killed. Off the China Coast Liberators bombed docks at Hong Kong Fri day and other American planes sank one freighter and damaged another. Ponape and Kusaie, Eastern Caro line Island guardians of Truk, were bombed Thursday by Central Pacific United States Army planes which have been attacking almost daily this month. Three Japanese-held atolls in the Marshall Islands were raided the same day. No American planes were lost and no enemy fight ers encountered. Russians Cross Dnieper to Seize Key Ukraine City Pierce Last 60-Mile Stretch Held by Nazis Near Black Sea By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sunday, March 12.— Red Army troops forced a spec tacular new bridgehead across the wide Dnieper River in the last 60-mile stretch held by the Germans near the Black Sea yesterday and captured the dis trict center of Berislav, only 37 miles above the big seaport of Kherson, Moscow announced to day. Berislav is a highway hub for at least four major roads branch ing out into the Ukraine. “Units of X formation forced the Dneiper during the night (Friday Saturday) and after a vigorous at tach captured Berislav, district cen ter of the Nikolaev region,” the midnight Moscow communique an nounced. Other Russian forces at the northwestern end of the flaming 500-mile Ukraine front were re ported still fighting in the streets of Tarnopol at the end of the third day of battle for the strategic rail town. Short Cut Wins 20 Miles. The Moscow communique and its supplement—both recorded by the Soviet monitor—gave few details of the Russian crossing, but for the first time spoke of fighting “south west -and south of Apostolovo.” The Russians apparently crossed from Kakhovka which they reached early last November after racing across the Nogaisk steppes. By yes terday’s short cut they won an advance of about 20 miles eastward from their last reported position on the west bank of the Dnieper in this area. On the second Ukrainian front under Marshal Ivan S. Konev, the town of Ladizhenka, 14 miles south of Uman, and 100 other populated places were captured. Seventy miles to the west, Zlatopol and Novomiro grad, 36 and 34 miles northwest of Kirovograd, were captured among 40 more communities. On the third Ukrainian front un der Gen. Rodion Y. Malinovsky the railway function of Dolinskava, 37 miles southeast of Kirovograd, was menaced as the Russians “reached” the town. Fifty other localities were captured. Other troops inside the Dnieper Bend captured Berislav and 60 more communities. Stubborn Resistance at Tarnopol. The Germans were apparently putting up their strongest resistance in South Russia at Tarnopol, where the Red Army was nearest the Rumanian frontier and menacing the Polish rail center of Lwow. The troops on the east bank in this region had previously been part of the fourth Ukrainian front under Gen. Feodor I. Tolbukhin, and announcement of the crossing may indicate that the fourth Ukrainian front forces have either begun or are preparing to join the three other Russian Army groups already pounding the sagging Ger man salient in the Southern Ukraine. 280 Localities Captured. These three groups captured 280 localities yesterday and killed about 3,600 Germans in continued gains. Among the gains reported by the Russian communiques were: On the first Ukrainian front under Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov in Southern Poland, German coun terattacks were hurled back in the Tarnopol area. More than 30 lo calities were captured 62 miles to the west in the Proskurov area of the Western Ukraine, including the village of Davidkovtsy, 6 miles east of Proskurov. The Russians also crossed the Bug River and captured Pedosy, 13 miles, northwest of Pros 'See RUSSIA, Page A-4.> Texans Yield Limelight to Pittsburgh's Kelly, First to Receive Congressional Medal in Italy By LYNN HEINZERLING, Associated Press War Correspondent. WITH THE 5th ARMY IN ITALY, Mar. 11.—It was a great day for Texas, but a pink-faced boy named Kelly from Pittsburgh walked up to Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark in un pressed "GI" pants and a scuffed pair of shoes today and walked away writh the first Congressional Medal of Honor awarded in Italy. There probably isn't anyone else just like Sergt. Charles E. Kelly in the United States Army. He skipped through the impressive ceremonies like a schoolboy going through a candy shop. “Those guys back there are going to kill me for making them stand up in front of all this brass so long," Sergt. Kelly said, waving his hand at the neat ranks of the 36th Divi sion behind him. It was Texas day because the 36th Division, the first American division to set foot on the shore of the con tinent of Europe in this war, was being honored and the 36th Division is pure Texas. Two Texans—Sergt. Willie B Slaughter of Mexia and Sergt. Rob ert L. Chude] of Temple—won Dis tinguished Service Crosses for out standing heroism in the bloody struggle up the Italian peninsula. In addition, the 3d Battalion of the division's 141st Infantry Regi ment, whose motto is "Remember | the Alamo,” and among whose bat tle streamers is that of "The Re public of Texas,” was cited as a unit and every member received a jblue citation ribbon. The 36th has fought and bled from Salerno to Cassino, and Gen. Clark of the 5th Army pinned Silver' Stars on the breasts of 137 soldiers in the division. Tli? general said the Nation was proud of the 36th as he faced the | silent ranks before him, the regi mental flags flying behind him. Then he turned to Sergt. Kelly and an officer read the citation: "By direction of the President * * * *» There was Sergt. Kelly, standing before his commander, his shirt open at the neck, his pants show ing wrinkles that every Italian laun dress seems to leave, his shoes inno cent of polish. (They were the same he wore the day he hid behind a dead mule on the outskirts of San Pietro when machinegun bullets streamed past so close they burned his leggings.) Sergt. Kelly stood there for a long time. The small hands with which he has killed 40 Germans hung (See KELLY, Page A-4.) 1 Army's Role in Ramirez Ouster Revealed by Text of Resignation Document Reaching Montevideo Tells How Clique Fearing U. S. Forced Him to Quit By the Associated Press. MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, Mar. 11.—Gen. Pedro Ramirez—telling for the first time his own story of why he stepped down as Presi dent of Argentina—declared in his formal resignation that a majority of high nationalistic Argentine Army officers forced him to delegate his powers to Gen. Edelmiro J. Farrell, it was learned tonight. A copy of Gen. Ramirez’ resigna tion was brought to Montevideo by travelers from Buenos Aires tonight. In it Gen. Ramirez said the opposi tion of the officers was provoked by a false rumor that he was about to declare war on the Axis two weeks ago. Gen. Ramirez said the opposition against him started when the officers thought Argentina’s rupture of re lations with the Axis was not pro voked by the discovery of an es pionage ring in the country, but on account of “fear of pressure and purported measures by the Govern ment of the United States.” Gen. Ramirez declared his with drawal from the political scene on February 25 w'as not induced by his being too tired to exercise govern i See RAMrREZ. Page A-157) Pucheu, Sentenced To Die, Warns Verdict May Brew Civil War French Court Ignores Tearful Plea That Death Will Create Bitterness By the Associated Press. ALGIERS, Mar. 11.—A French military tribunal convicted Pierre Pucheu, former interior minister in the Petain government, of treason today and decreed the death penalty, dramatically ig noring Pucheu’s fervent and tearful warning that the deci sion would “plant the first stake in a civil war” in France. The packed courtroom gave a muffled gasp when the conviction in the “purge” trial was announced by Presiding Judge Leon Verin. The five-man tribunal reached its verdict an hour and two minutes after Pucheu, nervous and dis traught, cried, "I am not the assassin in the courtroom * * * This is not a court of justice, but a political coup.” He was referring to the fact that his prosecutor, Maj. Gen. Pierre Weiss, also was formerly allied with the Vichy government. Pucheu declared he would gladly offer his life if he thought it would dispel the atmosphere of bitterness and hate which he said the policies of the French Committee of Na tional Liberation were spreading among Frenchmen. But he concluded his plea re 1 See PUCHEU. Page A-7.> Two Workmen Killed In Sun Oil Explosion Blast in Research Unit Shakes Marcus Hook, Pa. By thf> Associated Press. MARCUS HOOK. Pa., Mar. 11._ A research unit of the Sun Oil Co.’s new $13,000,000 high octane gaso line plant blew up tonight killing two workmen and starting a fire that raged out of control for nearly an hour. The dead men were identified tentatively as John Backia of Ches ter, Pa., and Ray Ortlip of Broom all, Pa. Both bodies were mangled and charred, and the tentative iden tifications were made through com pany badges. Critically injured and expected to die was James C. Brown of Booth wyn. Pa., also a Sun employe. John O'Neil, 70, a guard at the Pure Oil Co. plant across the road, was burned severely and most of the clothing was torn from his body. The explosion shook every house in this village of 5.000. Flames shot 200 feet into the air, casting a glare visible in southwest Philadelphia, I more than 20 miles away. A crowd of 6,000 gathered, but police kept them at a distance, fear ing other explosions. An estimated 100,000.000 gallons of high octane gasoline is stored in four major refineries around Marcus Hook. The Sun plant, largest of its kind in the country, w'as dedicated last October 27 by Secretary of the In terior Ickes. New Gas Allowance To Remain at Level Of Present Quarter Davies Says Allotments Will Be Increased, but Seasonal Needs Will Rise By JAMES Y. NEWTON. Allocations of gasoline for civilian use in the second quar ter of the year will be sufficiently large to support the present ra tion despite the general tight ness of the oil supply, Ralph K. Davies, deputy petroleum ad ministrator, said last night. Mr. Davies said daily allotments for the new quarter beginning April 1 will be larger than at pres ent, enough, in fact, to take care of the increased seasonal needs in farm and road uses. Mr. Davies’ disclosure would seem to dispel the possibility of a cut in motorists’ rations, which the Office of Price Administration earlier last week reportedly was prepared to put in effect. There also have been widespread reports that a new ban on pleasure driving was imminent. New gasoline allocations will be announced early this week. Tire East's allotment was expected to be approximately 400,000 barrels a day. The present quota is 372,000 barrels. OPA officials said there would have to be an 8 per cent increase in Eastern supplies to meet the greater spring demands. An extra 15 per cent would be needed to take care of increased seasonal consumption in the agricultural Midwest. The flow’ of gasoline to the East will be stepped up at the expense of fuel oils, Mi’. Davies said, adding that supplies of heating oils also will be large enough to maintain present rations. Whether the increased gasoline allotments can be maintained throughout the second quarter de pends on overseas military require ments and, to a lesser extent, on the efficiency of operation of the new’ 20-inch pipeline to the East. The line finally is pumping approxi mately 100,000 barrels a day after many earlier failures. PAW officials would like to see the value of A rations equalized throughout the country by a reduc tion in the rest of the country to the two gallons a week allowed in the East. Outside the Atlantic Sea board, A rations are three gallons -weekly, of which one gallon is sup posed to be used for essential driv ing. There was no indication from OPA that such an equalization would be put in effect. Two Die Fighting Fire In Cleveland Stockyards By the Associated Press. CLEVELAND. Mar. 11.—Two fire men lost their lives and two others' were injured seriously today, when a fire swept through the southwest section of the Cleveland Union Stockyards, destroying 10 of the 30 acres of animal pens and frame buildings. The county morgue identified the dead as Norman Kitzrow. 31. and Patrick Manga. 56, who were killed tvhen a 14-foot tile fire wall fell on them The injured were William Ginley and Jame* Overton Announces Senate Retirement, Again Backs D.C. Vote Louisianan Led Long Fight to Win Fiscal Equity for Capital By J. A. OLEARY. Senator Overton, Democrat, of Louisiana, one of the best friends of the District in Con gress, has decided not to seek re-election this year. In announcing last night his intention to retire, Senator Overton reaffirmed his belief in a Constitu tional amendment that would give Washigtonians representation in the House and Senate and the right to vote in presidential elections. He opposed the election of local muni cipal officials, however, taking the view that the exclusive legislative control the Constitution gives Con gress over the seat of government should be retained. Senator Overton will be remem bered for the fight he led several years ago to obtain a more equitable settlement of fiscal relations between the Federal and District Govern ments, which resulted in an increase from $5,000,000 to $6,000,000 in the annual Federal payment toward District expenses. Drafted Fiscal Formula. It was during his chairmanship of the District subcommittee of the Senate Appropriations Committee, from 1939 to 1941, inclusive, that he drafted what became known as the Overton formula for solution of the long-pending fiscal relations problem. Since 1925 Congress had been making variable jump sum Federal payments toward the upkeep of the National Capital each year which bore no fixed relationship to the growing needs of the city. Senator Overton sought a return to the fixed percentage basis, such as had pre vailed between 1878 and 1924. Dur ing most of that period the ratio was 50-50 as between the Federal and District Governments. In the fiscal year 1921 the Federal obliga tion was reduced to 40 per cent, and a few years later was abandoned entirely for the lump sum practice. Senator Overton proposed that the Federal payment be measured by the percentage of the land area of the city required for national pur poses. which would have placed the Federal payment at about 20 per cent of the general fund expenses. I.ump Sum Had Dwindled. At the time the formula was pre sented the lump-sum payment had dwindled from $9,500,000 in 1932 to $5,000,000. If it had been adopted when proposed in 1939 the Overton plan would have made the Federal share that year $8,000,000. From that time on the Federal payment would have varied only as the Govern ment’s land holdings here increased or decreased the taxable area of the city. The House refused to accept Sen ator Overton's percentage formula, but his efforts resulted in a com promise that increased the lump sum payment by $1,000,000 a year. It has continued at $6,000,000 a year. In 1942 Senator Overton gave up the District appropriation bill to take charge of naval appropria tions, and was succeeded by Sen ator O'Mahoney, Democrat, of Wy oming. Until recently Senator Overton also had been active on the Senate District Committee, from which he resigned to devote more time to other committee work. Had Planned to Retire. Some of Senator Overton's close friends have known for a long time of his desire to retire, but he with held the announcement until after the recent gubernatorial run-off pri mary in Louisiana. No one had announced against Senator Over ton for the senatorial primary, which is held in September, but his retirement is expected to bring out a number of candidates. Discussing the District suffrage question. Senator Overton said: "I think the people of Washing ton ought to vote for President and Vice President. I think they ought to have two Senators and such rep resentation in the House as the pop ulation of the District would justify, but the exclusive legislative juris diction the Constitution gives Con gress over the District should be retained.” The pending Sumners-Capper res olution for a constitutional amend ment confers on Congress the power <See OVERTON,'Page A-16.) Withholding Tax Receipt Instead Of Return Urged Revenue Office Will Stay Open Longer For Next Three Days While the local Internal Rev enue Office announced longer hours during the next three days to help harassed taxpayers meet the Wednesday midnight income tax deadline, a Treasury Depart ment official disclosed yesterday that plans to simplify next year’s tax contemplate adjusting the individual’s withholding tax receipt so that it can be used as a simple tax return. The disclosure was made in a letter from Randolph E. Paul, gen eral counsel for the Treasury, to Representative Brooks, Democrat, of Louisiana. Mr. Paul discussed use of the withholding tax receipt as "an extremely simple return,” and said: "Taxpayers whose tax is very largely discharged by withholding would be permitted to file this simple statement with the collectors in lieu of any other return. The collectors would then compute the tax and either assess additional tax or issue a refund, as the case might be.* Two Other Proposals. Another plan would broaden th# privilege of using the short form return (1040A), while a third would eliminate entirely the filing of re turns by some taxpayers, Mr. Paul disclosed. Results of a joint study in income tax simplification, made by the Treasury, the Internal Revenue Bureau and the Joint Committee on Taxation, will be submitted to Con gress shortly, Mr. Paul's letter said. Meanwhile, the House Ways and Means Committee will meet tomor row to work on simplification of the income tax law. Prospects appeared bright last night that some real relief for tax headaches—in the form of easier to-prepare tax returns by March, 1945—may result from the current discussions. While Congress and the Treasury have been at swords’ points over the recent tax bill which Congress passed over a presidential veto, spokesmen from both camps have indicated they already are drawing closer to agreement on plans for simplification. One Plan Calls for New Form. It was said in reliable quarters one proposal would call for a new W-2 withholding tax form, which the employer would make out and send to the Collector of Internal Revenue, showing the amount of taxes due from the employe and. the amount taken out by withhold ing. This plan would leave wage or salary earners with incomes of less than $5,000 free from making any kind of tax return. Should any such simple system be adopted, persons entitled to large deductions and those with complicated business or professional affaiss would, of course, be given the opportunity of filing a regular return, simplified from its present form. Although there are still champions of the Victory tax. it has been in timated that this may be abolished as a special levy and consolidated with the income tax. 300 Aid on Returns. Some Federal tax experts are known to be working on master tables from which the average tax payer, at a glance, could gain some indication of how much he would owe. Meanwhile, nearly 300 persons are on duty in the local income tax office to help taxpayers who are struggling with the complicated re turns due Wednesday. Tomorrow and Tuesday, the doors in Room 1002 of the Internal Reve nue Building, Twelfth street and Constitution avenue N.W., will be open from 8:15 a.m. to 6 p.m. On Wednesday the hours will be from 8:15 a.m. to midnight—the deadline. A Parks Rasin, head of the office, predicted tremendous crowds tomor row. He pointed out that the Mon day prior to the income tax filing date "always brings in a flood of taxpayers who have done some fig uring the day before.” 1944 Declarations Due Soon. To add to their woes, taxpayers will face the necessity soon of mak ing out a declaration estimating how much their 1944 incomes and taxes on them, will be. Forms for this declaration have been prepared, will be sent to taxpayers shortly after Wednesday, and must be filed on or before April 15. Because of changes in the law', nearly all taxpayers will have to pay out additional cash to the Government when they file this declaration. Although the withholding tax was adopted to put payments on a "pay as-you-go” basis, elimination of the earned income credit of 10 per cent and of credit for taxes paid on telephone and telegraph, automo bile use, transportation and certain excise taxes, will make the amount withheld insufficient to cover the tax on the 1944 income in many cases, experts said. Doenitz's Son Killed LONDON, Mar. 11 (/Pi.—The Ber lin radio said tonight that Naval Lt. Peter Doenitz, described as the youngest son of Admiral Karl Doe nitz. commander in chief of the German Navy, had "died in the battle of the Atlantic."