Newspaper Page Text
n i '\ i m 7 /1T
. I 5 ; • I h j 1 ;■ l vMsrflftdh*6^AjlD VICINITY WASHINGTON, D. C. * J SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS MONDAY, MARCH 13, 1944. . ’ t Over There With Men From H#rii 'ROBBERS' MASKS' PROTECT FLYERS IN HIGH ALTITUDES This is one of a series of stories by a Star war correspondent on District, Maryland and Virginia soldiers taking part in the bombing .of Germany. By THOMAS R. HENRY, Star StalT Correspondent. UNITED STATES HEAVY BOMBER BASE IN ENGLAND, Feb. 26 —An eerie-looking black mask which makes air crew gunners look like highway robbers on Mars has gone far to prevent frost-bitten faces at the below 50 temperatures of high altitudes. These were long one of the chief causes of disability among Amer ican airmen, putting many more of them in hospitals than did enemy bull e t s. The adoption of this black mask was due to a fortu nate mistake. It is very similar to a garment worn by the Navy—especial ly by the crews of PT boats, who must keep long wat c h e s amid freezing spray on winter nights. Some months ago a shipment Thon,“ * H*"ry from the United States to an over seas naval base went astray and came into the hands of an Air Force supply officer in England. He opened the box and wondered whether a gang of American train robbers were about to start oper ating in England—or whether the Navy had a lot of executions planned in the near future. Just What Was Needed. But then it was suggested to him that this might be just what the Air Force needed. Complete pro tection of the faces of gunners had proved a difficult problem. At high altitudes it was necessary to wear the oxygen mask, which often was not a good fit. This Navy hood would fit over it perfectly and could be arranged to fit tightly around the shoulders. Some modifications were neces sary, especially a mouth outlet for the oxygen tube. From the start the mask made a considerable re duction in frost-bite cases and these have further been cut down by providing waist windows in the plane to protect the waist gunners. “Frost-bite,'' says Capt. Herbert C. Allen of Richmond, Va., air surgeon of a base here, “used to be our big gest single problem, so far as long extended disabilities were concerned. Often the men never were able to go back to active duty as members of bomber crews.” Dr. Allen, well-known in Wash ington, is himself a veteran of five missions, including the famous shuttle raid to Regensburg to Africa and back over Bordeaux to the base here and has known the experience of passing out from lack of oxygen. It was on a mission over France when he had borrowed a mask which did not fit properly. Explains Experience. “We experience two kinds of oxy gen lack,” he says. “One is acute, experienced when the supply is cut off altogether at 30,000 feet or above by the freezing of the mask or the failure of the system. A man passes out at once. He can only live a very short time unless oxygen is given him. But he revives very quickly when somebody gives him a supply and. so far as we can find out, suffers no ill effects. He does not feel shaky afterwards and remains perfectly competent to attend to his job. “The other is chronic oxygen de ficiency. This is what I myself ex perienced. There was a leak in the mask and it did not fit properly any way. Flying along at 20,000 feet I, began to feel rotten all over. It was as if I had eaten some bad food. I took off the mask to try to get it on better. Just then the plane went up to 30,000 feet to get over a big cumulus cloud and before I could get the mask back on I had passed into a coma. The bombardier saw me stretched out and turned on an emergency oxygen flow and I re covered consciousness but for a long time I felt very tired, had a headache, and was sore all over. It was just like a very bad hangover.” The little regulator on the oxy gen mask, says Dr. Allen, is the ipost important bit of equipment on a heavy bomber. The life of the man using the mask depends absolutely on its working perfectly. If it gets out of order his life will last only two or three minutes, at the most. ’ Gov. Darden Praises Virginia Assembly For 'Effective Work' Appropriations Measure, Service Ballot Approved; Tax Shares Revised Uy the Associated Press. RICHMOND. March 13.-Mem bers of the Virginia General As sembly returned to their homes today with the expressed gratitude of Gov. Darden for their “effective work’’ during the 60-day session. While the passage of Gov. Dar den’s omnibus appropriations bill of $235,000,000 highlighted the legi slative achievements of the As sembly, many measures of a con structive nature which were designed to aid the Commonwealth during the next biennium were passed. Chief among them was the bet tering of the financial position of teachers by fixing the teacher unit allocation at $900 for the next two years; providing a voting system for servicemen with poll tax pay ment being taken care of by the Commonwealth; increasing the war salary bonus for State employes, realigning certain State educational institutions to make more effective their work and designing a better educational program for Negroes. No Action on Sales Tax. The question of a sales tax was postponed. No one pressed a bill to carry out the Governor’s recom mendation that a referendum on the special levy be "held. Instead a legislative commission will study the question and make a report on its findings by October 1. Gov. Darden recommended the sales tax referendum, feeling that so important a matter affecting the taxation system of the State should be voted on by the people before its adoption. Numerous bills on the subject were introduced, mostly in the Senate, but were turned down. Increased by the legislators was the amount of funds coming into the State treasury to be distributed among the localities. Under the Daughtrey bill, which reduces the State's “initial take" of liquor profits, localities will get an additional $1, 166.000 in revenues. The State's share of these profits was reduced from $2,500,000 to $750,000. The lo calities also will get two-thirds of the new $2,000,000 wine tax and $500,000 for school buses. May Raise Teachers' Pay. With these funds localities, if they so desire, can raise the salaries of teachers, although the money was not earmarked for public instruc tion, this fact being emphasized re peatedly on the House floor during the final days of the session. Aside from school and financial legislation, the bill causing the greatest amount of talk was that ex tending the right to vote to men and women in the armed forces with the State bearing the expense of meet ing poll tax payments. Three meas ures passed, one providing for voting in Federal elections, another per mitting voting in State elections, and the third to give Virginia a workable law if Congress repeals legislation making effective the sec ond measure. Banker in Alexandria Marks 50 Years of Service George Warfield, executive vice president of the First National Bank of Alexandria, the oldest national bank in Virginia, is celebrating his 50th year of service with the bank. A native of Alexandria, Mr. War field entered the bank as assistant teller in 1894. In 1906 Mr. Warfield was appointed assistant cashier and a year later was promoted to rash ier. He assumed the post of execu tive vice president in 1932 Mr. Warfield was the first presi dent of the Alexandria Kiwanis Club, is a past master of Andrew Jackson Lodge. A F. and A M . and was a high priest of the Mount Ver non Royal Arch Chapter. He is a member of the Washington Street Methodist Church and was one of its stewards for many years. He also was president of the first power company in the Alexandria area— the Alexandria County Lighting Co. Carney Hits Removal Resolution as Garrett Plan to Get Judgeship Jurist Denies Blame, Saying 'My Heart Is Pure And My Hands Clean' By the Associated Presj. NORFOLK, Va., Mar. 13.—Judge A. B. Carney of Norfolk County Circuit Court yesterday stated that the House of Delegates' resolution looking toward his retirement or removal from office was the out growth of an “outrageous political attack instigated and engineered by Mr. James N. Garrett, who is seeking to depose me in order that he may succeed me to the judge ship.” Delegate James N. Garrett was author of the resolution creating a three-man committee to investi gate moral, conditions and law en forcement in the county, on whose voluminous report the lower branch of the General Assembly Saturday accepted a recommendation that Judge Carney be retired by the Supreme Court of Appeals or. if this be impossible, that Gov. Dar den call a special session of the Legislature for his impeachment! or removal by resolution. “The committee has not yet struck terror to my heart,” Judge Carnev; said in a statement in reply to the committee’s 11-point summary of what it termed his “derelictions”! in office. “My heart is pure and my hands1 are clean." he continued. “I have done nothing of which I am ashamed or should be ashamed.” Also held responsible by the com mittee for law enforcement, con-! demned as “ineffective, insufficient i and almost completely lacking in a large part of Norfolk County,” were Sheriff A. A. Wendel, his deputies ■ Frank Wilson and Wilbur Fentress, and all of the county police officers except seven. Sheriff Wendel, who last week denied that he was about to re sign, offered no answer to the com mittee. He declared, however, that this thing is not over by a long way yet.” He did not elaborate. Girl Scouts to Present War Record to President Neva Newton, 13, highest-ranking intermediate Girl Scout in Alex andria, is one of three Scouts sched uled to go to the White House today to give President Roosevelt a record of Girl Scout services since this country entered the war. Neva is the daughter of Dr. and Mrs. J. Howard Newton, 319 Man sion drive, Alexandria, and is in the eighth grade at St. Agnes School. She is a first class Scout in Troop No. 1 in Alexandria and is the only member who has two curved bars. She has 18 Scout badges. The Girl Scout record will be pre sented to the President in the form of a ‘'check" showing in figures the number of hours the Scouts have given to war work. It will represent the first payment on a "promissory note" issued by the Girl Scouts in 1941 to the people of the United States for "any required number of hours of service." Other Scouts participating are Dorothy Clark. Troop 119, Washing ton. and Marjore Black, Troop 44, Baltimore. The presentation will open the 32d anniversary celebration of the Girl Scouts of America. U. of M. to Graduate 110 Students March 25 By the Associated Press. One hundred and ten students at the University of Maryland will be candidates for degrees at the end of the winter quarter. Commence ment exercises will be held the morning of March 25. The group Is comprised of 66 men and 44 women. Among them are a number of Army specialized train ing students who are scheduled to leave the university before April 1. Virginia Ruling Curbs Price-Fixing Power Of Milk Commission Holds It Cannot Set Different Rates for Same Grade By the Associated Press. RICHMOND. Mar. 13.—The Vir ginia Supreme Court of Appeals i ruled todsy that the State Milk Commissions’ authority to fix prices extends only to different prices for ’different grades of milk and does not extend to different prices for the same grades of milk. Tire court gave its opinion in the case of Lucerne Cream & Butter Co. of Washington versus the State Milk Commission. A dissenting opin ion from Justice George L. Browning held that the court’s majority opin ion “is a grave blow to the use fulness of the milk commission.” The majority opinion, written by Justice C. Vernon Spratley, held that “there is no inherent power in the milk commission to fix the price of the milk. JVhatever price-making power it hasPmust be found in the statute. Power to Destroy. “It is a well-established principle of statutory construction,” the opin ion added, “that when a specific power is granted by a statute and the limits of such power are therein! marked out, the section granting the power and not general provi sions in other sections of the statute must be looked to in ascertaining the effect and extent thereof. "The authority to fix prices, like the power to assess taxes, is the power to destroy. It is an extraor dinary power and not lightly grant ed, and when granted is subject to the limitation of the grant.” The case originated in the Alex andria-Arlington market, where the Lucerne Co. was supplying milk in cardboard containers through Safe way Grocery Stores. The commis sion had ruled that the company must charge a penny more per quart for its product than for milk delivered in bottles by other com panies. Commission Called Unreasonable. The creamery contended that the commission’s ruling was arbitrary and unreasonable, and said it would not compete with orthodox dairies if it were forced to charge more for its milk. The court, admitting that a con tainer is as essential as transporta tion, held that its cost factor must be considered just as other ele ments are considered. But once all factors are taken into consideration, "a price of milk fixed for a grade must be the same for all milk of that grade.” The opinion said that “all that the commission can hope to do, after giving consideration to all the factors of cost of production and distribution, is to stabilize the mar ket by fixing a price which will en courage the producer and distrib utor of milk to continue in business upon a profitable basis, and to pro vide an ample supply of an essen tial commodity to the general pub lic at a fair and reasonable charge.” Tait Urges Maryland GOP Free Delegates Policy Advised as Best For '44 and '46 Elections B* the Associated Press. BALTIMORE, Mar. 13.—Chairman Galen L. Tait of the Republican State Central Committee recom mends that the Maryland delegation go uninstructed to the Chicago Re- j publican national convention in June. Mr. Tait wrote committee mem bers and Maryland GOP leaders that "any unnecessary element of: disunity growing out of presidential preferences would injure our bright j prospects of carrying Maryland in this year's national election and the, State election of 1946.” He referred to a party division on ; Candidate Wendell Willkie and New York’s Gov. Thomas E. Dewey. Mr. Tait said that since Maryland law provides a presidential candi date must personally sign or file ap plication to place his name on the primary ballot “a full expression is possible only if all presidential can didates should file. "As some candidates are active, ethers passive, this is impossible. The ideal solution in our present Maryland Republican interest * « * would be for no presidential can didates to file so as to permit us to preserve party unity * * *." $7,000 Marlboro Blaze May Be Work of 'Firebug' A fire which members of the Upper Marlboro Volunteer Fire Depart | ment said may have been caused by a ‘'firebug" yesterday destroyed a barn containing approximately 6,000 pounds of tobacco on a farm owned by Mrs. Robert L. Hall, Upper Marlboro. Firemen said the dam-! ! age. estimated at about $7,000, is partially covered by insurance. Firemen recalled that five previous j attempts had been made within the j last two months to set fire to the field on which the barn is located. Sparks from the flames damaged an empty frame house about 300 yards away on an adjoining farm belonging to M. Hampton Magruder. I former Maryland collector of in ternal revenue. Citizens to Elect Three In Chevy Chase Area An election will be held from 7 to 9 p.m . April 11, at the Brookeville Pharmacy, 6423 Brookeville road. Chevy Chase, to fill three two-year term vacancies on the community Citizens’ Committee. The three members of the com mittee, whose terms have expired,! are Myron Glaser. James J. Hayden and Lawrence E. Troth. G. Herbert Chappelear, 407 Tur ner street. Chevy Chase Election Board chairman, will receive nomi nations in writing through -March 31. PTA to Hear DAR Aide An illustrated lecture by Mrs. Swann Sinclair, national chairman of the Daughters of the American Revolution magazine, on historical places in Northeastern Virginia, will be given at the monthly meeting of the Charles Barrett Parent-Teacher Association at 8 p.m. tomorrow at ' the Parkfairfax (Va.) School. TAXPAYERS FORM TRIPLE LINE—Wearily looking for Uncle Sam’s income tax experts to get help, people in these three lines were among the thousands who broke all records at the revenue building today. The three lines show a queue of peo ple wound like a snake doubling back on itself. But nobody had to stand outdoors in the cold wind as they did in other cities today. Arrows show direction of slow-moving line: No. 1 people were closer to help; No. 2 were far behind No. 1, probably half a mile from the door; while those marked No. 3. in the middle, were still looking for the end of the line, far around the next corner. (Story on Page A-l.) —Star Staff Photo. Report Is Due Today On Richmond Hotel Fire Fatal to Six One of 20 Hurt Leaves Hospital; Rites Set for Weaver, Mrs. Price By the Associated Press. RICHMOND. Mar. 13.—An official report on the fire in which six per sons lost their lives at the Hotel Jefferson early Saturday is expected to be made today to Mayor Gordon B. Ambler. Officially, the cause of the fire, which claimed among its victims State Senator Aubrey G. Weaver, Front Royal, an outstanding figure in Virginia political life, and Mrs. James H. Price, widow of the former Governor of Virginia, is listed as “unknown.” Fire Chief A. F. Taylor said the fire had started in a stair way well on the second floor, spread swiftly up the shaft and mush roomed out on the fourth, fifth and sixth floors, where most of the damage was confined. Until last night only one of the 20 patients being treated for in juries received in the fire had been discharged from the hospital. He was John E. McMahon, Brooklyn, N. Y., who was overcome by smoke. City police and fire chieftains have been making an investigation at the direction of the Mayor. Part of the report due today was to deal with the condition of fire fighting equipment in the hotel. Public Safety Director M. D. Baroff said Saturday he was investigating a report that when guests and em ployes of the hotel attempted to use hoses in corridors to fight the flames they leaked so badly that they were virtually useless. Funeral services for Mrs. Price were to be held at 11 a.m. today at the Ginter Park Presbyterian Church in Richmond. Burial will be at 3:30 p.m. in Thornrose Ceme tery, Staunton, where Gov. Price is buried. Last rites for Senator Weaver will be held at 2 p.m. today at the Front Royal Methodist Church. Burial will be in Prospect Hills Cem etery there. A special session of the Warren County Circuit Court was scheduled at 12:30 p.m. in the Front Royal Courthouse to adopt memorial reso lutions in tribute to the State Senator. Senator Weaver represented the Duchess of Windsor in 1927 when she obtained a divorce from her first husband, Lt. E. Winfield Spen cer, in Front Royal. The Senator was a friend of the Duchses' family. Lyon Village Club Elects Mrs. W. B. Tubbs has been elected head of the Woman's Club of Lyon Village. Mrs. W. Allan Hunter was ■ elected first vice president, Mrs. Fred E. Pfeiffer, second vice presi dent; Mrs. Harry W. Howard, re cording secretary; Mrs. H. H. Mc Kinney, corresponding secretary, and Mrs. Harold G. Towner, treas urer. Visiting Nurses Bring Aid To Woman Houseboat Patient wmvr- y,.■ y .- ■■■■.■. .■.■ ■^/ggggg/gggH\ Mrs. Virginia Osborne, executive director of the Alexandria Visiting Nurse Service, shown entering a houseboat on the Potomac River on one of her regular visits to give nursing care to its bedridden occupant, Mrs. Ruth Bowen.^Star Staff Photo. By HELEN RAU. The spot map in the office of the Alexandria Visiting Nurse Service shows a pink dot in the Potomac River, representing a tubercular pa tient under the service’s care. But the location was puzzling until a visit to the patient was made with Mrs, Virginia Osborne, executive di rector of the organization. Following one of the city’s streets toward the river, across the rail road tracks and into the yard of a river-front fertilizer plant, Mrs. Os borne parked her car by one of the company's sheds, and picked her way several “blocks” over mounds of sand waste from the plant, and driftwood to the planks which led from the shore to a two-room house boat In a bed in the main room of the houseboat lay the patient, Mrs. Ruth Bow'en, 35, eagerly awaiting Mrs. Osborne's visit. Tuesdays and Fri days, the days the nurse comes, are the high spots in Mrs. Bowen’s life, for almost no one else visits the houseboat where she has been lin ing, weak and bedridden, for many months. A pan of water W'as set on the small iron stove, used for heating and cooking, and the scrubbed floor and neat room were testimony to the importance of the occasion. Until several months ago, Mrs. Bowen was able to live with rela Boy, 11, Sends Gifts to Soldier And Close Friendship Results A soldier in the South Pacific who has no family has found a lit tle faster brother in Edward A. Charron, 11. son of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Char ron, 6202 Forty fourth avenue, West Riverdale, Md. Edward mailed another package yester day to Pvt. Paul Brown, care of the postmaster in San Francis co. In it were lots of little items to make Pvt. Brown more comforta ble and to show Edward A. Charron. him that some one was his friend. It all began last fall, when Ed ward. who has no one clase to him in the service, began to wish he could send a Christmas box to some one who might not get one otherwise. Finally he hit on a plan, and his mother called the War Department to ask the ad dresses of Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Edward took the money he had made on his paper route and bought | items to fill two boxes, in accord ance with lists which had been issued for sending gifts to service men. His mother put notes in the boxes asking each general to give the box to some one who was not likely to receive one from home. "It was a most generous and thoughtful act,” wrote Gen. Eisen hower in reply. "I am going to give it to an American soldier who would probably not be expecting a present this Christmas.” From the Pacific theater, however, came a letter from the soldier who received the gift. Edward prizes that friendship, which he hopes will become more than one of corre spondence, for Pvt. Brown wrote: “When this war is over and I come home, I am going to pay you a visit and thank you personally. I would like it very much if you would answer this letter and tell me all about yourself. I hope that this Christmas brings you everything you want. It has brought a great deal of happiness to me, and so I want to thank you again. Edward. "You are truly an American boy, and all Americans are proud to fight for your kind Throughout your years always remember that you made someone happy, and that in itself is enough to make you walk with your head high and a feeling that it is great to be an American and proud for what we stand. “Your friend, an American sol dier, Paul Brown.” tives. She then went to Alexandria to ask for shelter from Howard Hardy, a 65-year-old friend who lived alone on the houseboat and supported himself by doing odd jobs along the shore. Mr. Hardy took her In, and since that time has been devoting his time to caring for her, refusing any job that would keep him away too long, and buying their meager sup j plies with the little money given to Mrs. Bowen by a relative. Although her case is known to the City Health Department and the Alexandria Tuberculosis Association, there is no room for her in a sana torium and little that can be done but make her comfortable. Mrs. Osborne has supplemented the flour-sacking sheets and pillow cases with some linens from her own i home, and brings Mrs. Bowen maga zines to read when she feels strong enough. Mr. Hardy washes the bed linen and keeps the houseboat clean, all with water he must carry in buckets I from the fertilizer plant. He carries all supplies by the same route, and [if his return finds the tide in he rows out to the houseboat in a skiff. When it rains the roof leaks and pans catch the drips. Driftwood feeds the stove, which manages to keep the small shelter warm even in cold weather, but the wind and high tides rock the houseboat so much that Mrs. Osborne said she often feels the need o! “sea legs" when caring for the patient. Mrs. Bowen wras eager to talk while the nurse was getting things in order. She tried to express her gratitude for what the visiting nurses do for her, and said she felt that if other people could read her story they would understand the work the nurses do, bringing all the help and comfort they are able to sick people. 18 Rockville Selectees Report at Fort Meade Eighteen selective service regis trants of Local Board No. 1, Rock ville. left today for Fort Meade. Md., to begin Army service. The only nonfathers were Ernest B. Lipford and Francis L. Ward. The others were William F. Bready, Lee Bran denburg, Avery H. Brumitt, Douglas Conners, Albert G. Kirkman, Wil mer L. Souers, Elmer R. Neely, Charles E. Grogg, Herbert Mathas, Arthur W. Stang, Jean C. Pack,! Harry O. Fawley, jr.; Ralph W. OfTutt, Luther M. Mcllwee, John E. Willson and Guy A. Merry. Students to Hear Dr. Mims Dr. Edwin Mims of the American Association of Colleges art pro gram will speak on "Have You Dis covered America?” at a meeting of the students and faculty of Chevy Chase Junior College at 8 o'clock to night in the college auditorium. Dr. Mims also will speak tomorrow night on “Literature as a Personal Asset.” ---I Colmar Manor to Hold Delinquent Tax Sale Despite 1943 Law Prince Georges Official And Torvestad Disagree On New Maryland Law Despite the passage of a law at the 1943 session of the State Legislature authorizing Prince Georges County to handle the sale of all delinquent property in the county for taxes, the town of Colmar Manor has decided to hold its own tax sale April 3. The law, which affects virtually all counties in the State, provides specifically that any property in a town on which taxes or street as sessments are in default, shall- be sold by the county and not by the town, as heretofore. Mayor John N. Torvestad of Col mar Manor explained that decision to hold a tax sale in the town was taken because of the failure of County Treasurer R. Ernest Smith to hold the annual county tax sale, scheduled for the first Monday of each March. Mr. Smith asserted recently that the county tax sale would not be held this year since the law was passed too late to enable him to in clude all delinquent town property in the sale. He added that many towns did not prepare their tax sale lists properly. Declaring that Colmar Manor has been forced to hold a sale this year to “protect itself,” Mayor Torvestad said that “unless some sort of tax sale is held, the town will lose its right to, establish a lien on delin quent property.” Mr. Smith refused to comment on the town’s action. An official of an other town in the county stated, however, that he doubted whether a valid title could be issued for prop erty sold in the Colmar Manor tax sale. Sergt. Thomas F. Moulden Is Wounded in Italy Sergt. Thomas F. Moulden, 31, of Silver Spring was wounded in ac tion in Italy on February 9. the War Department has informed his fath er, Frederick W. Moulden, Wood land Beach, Md. A former member of the Montgomery County police force, Sergt. Moulden was attached to the Silver Spring substation for about 18 months before he left for duty with the Army, where he was with an antiaircraft di vision. Born in Capitol View, Md., he attended the Kensington Ele mentary School and the Takoma Silver Spring High School. Before entering the county police force, he was employed at Barrett’s filling station in Silver Spring. A brother, Charles W. Moulden, jr„ 106 Westmoreland avenue, Ta koma Park, Md., said yesterday friends have heard from his brother since he was wounded and it is be lieved he is now back in action. Pulman Confirmed For Fort Belvoir Post William C. Pulman, 33, of Fairfax County has been confirmed by the Senate as postmaster at Fort Bel voir, Va. His nomination was sent to the Senate by President Roose velt several weeks ago. He has served as acting postmaster at the Army post since May 1. 1942, when he succeeded D. J. Garber, retired. Mr. Pulman was bom at Cameron, Fairfax County, and attended the public schools in the county and in Alexandria. He was employed by the State ABC Board before enter ing the postal service. He is mar ried and has one daughter. War Nursery Course For Volunteers to Open A lecture course to train volunteer I aides at war nursery schools in! Montgomery County will start at 8 o'clock tonight at the Bethesda Chevy Chase High School. The course consists of 10 lectures by experts in child-care Work at 8 p.m. Tuesdays and Thursdays. Graduates will be assigned to estab lish copters for 50 hours, then spend 200 hours a year in a county war nursery. Man, Woman Die In Traffic Accidents; Injuries Kill 2 Others . Inquests Slated Today Into Streetcar Death, Automobile Crash Two persons were fatally Injured in traffic accidents yesterday, and two others died from injuries re ceived several days ago, boosting the city's toll for the year to 15 deaths. Police said Miss Lona Banks, 27. of 300 Sixteenth street N.E., waa killed yesterday afternoon when the auto she was operating was In col lision with an auto operated by Elmer Johnson, 33. of 3921 Twen tieth street N.E. Miss Banks waa pronounced dead upon arrival at Casualty Hospital. Miss Helen Banks, 23, and Mrs. Martha Grimm, 39. both of the Sixteenth street address, were seri ously Injured in the same accident. Helen Schlosser, «, of 314 Sixteenth street N.E., who was riding in the same car with those injured, was examined by Dr. Christopher H. Murphy, deputy coroner, and dis charged with no apparent injuries. In Critical Condition. The younger Miss Banks was re moved to Galllnger Hospital where her condition was said to be critical. Hospital officials reported she re ceived a possible skull fracture, ex tensive scalp injuries and multiple abrasions to arms and legs. Mrs. Grimm was admitted to Casualty Hospital for observation and waa suffering from a' possible concus sion. An inquest will be held later. Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald scheduled inquests today in the deaths of Daniel G. Zimmerman, 43, of 3040% R street N.W., and Kirby Dovelle, 41, of 8139 Georgia avenue N.W. Mr. Zimmerman was struck by a Capital Transit bus In the 800 block of Eleventh street early yesterday morning and died two hours later at Emergency Hospital. Police said he darted suddenly into the path of the bus, operated by Emerette H. Sellers, 30, of 1149 Oates street NB„ and that he was not in the crosswalk at the time. Driver to Appear. Mr. Dovelle was injured last Fri day night when the auto in which he was riding failed to make a turn at the dead end of Allison street near Blagden avenue N.W. and crashed into a tree. Joseph C. Gladden, 58, of 3145 Mount Pleasant street N.W., listed by police as operator of the auto, was ordered to appear at today’s in quest. Mrs. Cecelia Ryan, 74, of 1915 Sixteenth street N.W., died early to day from injuries received when she was struck by a streetcar last Thursday in the 3300 block of Four teenth street N.W. According to police, Mrs, Ryan stepped off a load ing platform into the path of a streetcar operated . by Benjamin Fletcher. 51. of 1445 Park road N.W. Her skull was fractured. No inquest has been scheduled in the case. Crushed Between Autoe. Frederick M. Buckner, 39, col ored, of 2038 Eighteenth street N.W. was in serious condition today at Freedman’s Hospital with compound fractures of both legs and lacerations to the face and body received yesterday when crushed be tween two autos on Baltimore boule vard, near Laurel, Md. Police said he was standing behind his auto which was parked off the highway, when another car ploughed into him. Driver of the second automo bile was not identified by police. Sue Vincent, 17, of 1704 R street N.W., was admitted to Casualty Hospital with hip and knee injuries early today when the parked auto in which she was sleeping was struck by a truck operated by Miller Lee. colored, 22, of Laurel, Md. Police said the girl was asleep on the front seat of the parked car in the 2300 block of Bladensburg road NE. Walter H. Littles, 24, colored, of 1010 First street N.E., and Dorothy Beck, 17, colored, of 436 Franklin street N.W., were treated at Freed man’s Hospital for injuries received yesterday in an auto collision at Fifth and P streets N.W. Surgical Dressings Shipped LA PLATA, Md.. Mar. 13 (Special). Mrs. T J. Flesher, Indianhead, chairman of surgical dressing units for Charles County, reported today that county units have completed and shipped 161,800 items this year for members of the armed forces. daily Rationing §$Reminders8m Canned and Frozen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4, green stamps K, L, and M valid through March 20 and retain old values of 8, 5, 2 and 1 points. Book No. 4, blue stamps A-8, B-8, C-8, D-8 and E-8 valid through May 20 and worth 10 points each. Blue stamps F-8, G-8, H-8, J-8 and K-8 valid April 1 through June 30. Blue tokens and green 1-point stamps may be used as change. Meats, Fats, Etc.—Book No. 3, brown stamps Y and Z valid through March 30 and retain old values of 8, 5, 2 and 1 points. Book No. 4. red stamps A-8, B-8, C-8, D-8, E-8 and F-8 good through May 20 and worth 10 points each. Red stamps G-8. H-8 and J-8 good March 26. Red tokens and brown 1-point stamps may be used as change. Red Stamps D-8, E-8 and F-8 become valid tomorrow and are good for 10 points each through May 20. Sugar—Book No. 4, Stamp 30 valid for 5 pounds indefinitely. Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 for home canning through Febru ary 28, 1945. Gasoline—No. 9-A coupons good for 3 gallons through May 8. B-2, C-2, B-3 and C-3 coupons good for 5 gallons each. Fuel Oil—Period No. 3 coupons good through Monday. Period No. 4 coupons valid through September 30. Period No. 5 coupons become valid tomorrow. All good for 10 gallons per unit. Consumers in this area should not have used more than 81 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil rations as of March 13.