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British Coal Strike Shows Democracies Have Yet to Solve Their Labor Problems By DAVID LAWRENCE. The strike of 100.000 workers in the coal mines of Britain is a grim reminder that the two big democracies of the world have not as yet solved their respective labor problems. Over in Britain, too, they have been calling the coal strike unpatriotic especially on the eve of the coming invasion. There Is no John Lewis on whom to center’ the blame and thus by making the Issue personal escape the re sponsibility for the origin of such disputes. In America in stead of pene trating to the causes of the coal strike, it was deemed bet ter to concen trate the Na tion’s fury on one man, and while this hap pened to satisfy the pent-up pro- . test of the people at the time, it has led to no constructive solution of the basic issues. Several months have gone by since the coal strike occurred, but neither the President nor Congress has made any move to prevent the recurrence of wartime strikes by surveying the very matters that gave rise to the coal strike. The American people haven’t accumulat ed as much coal either for home uses or for war production as was necessary and it is apparent that a distinct damage to the public inter est was done by the coal strike. But still there has been no investigation of the episode. Fact Finding Needed. What is needed, of course, is the appointment of a fast-finding com mission composed of distinterested jwrists who will not hesitate to get at the underlying questions that caused the coal and rail strike con troversies. It is not enough merely to find out what the wage demands were and whether or not they were Justified. It is more important to learn how the governmental ma chinery was used or not and where the Government itself failed. For despite the abuse that has been heaped upon John L. Lewis—it’s always easy to blame a strike leader and forget entirely that there are other parties to a strike—a certain measure of responsibility rests upon the Government as the representa tive of all the people and all the parties. One thing that should have been done long ago was to reorganize our governmental machinery dealing with the labor problem. The an swer does not lie in consolidating the National War Labor Board, the National Labor Relations Board, the Railroad Mediation Board and the Labor Department as has been sug gested from time to time. The an swer does lie in separating certain functions of a judicial from those of an administration nature. It also lies in keeping the Chief Execu tive from exercising any Influence, direct or indirect, upon the boards or tribunals. The War Labor Board serves a special function in wartime, deal ing as it does with the settlement of disputes when they arise. It cannot be useful if the parties may appeal to the White House or Con gress to influence decisions. The National Labor Relations Board does a constructive job in straightening out the multifarious questions grow ing out of the collective bargaining process itself as covered by the Wagner Labor Relations Law. The Railroad Mediation Act deals prop erly with the special questions aris ing out of disputes in the transpor tation field. It should be immune from outside interference. Biggest Job Neglected. But the biggest and most im portant function of all—the preven tion of labor disputes—is the most neglected of all. The Labor De partment has in it many extraneous bureaus that have nothing to do with the labor problem as such. These, including the Immigration Bureau and the Children’s Bureau, should be taken out of that de partment and made the nucleus of a Department of Public Welfare. The principal functions of a Labor Department, on the other hand, should be those embraced in the conciliation service, headed now so ably by John Steelman, and in the Bureau of Labor statistics, headed at present by the efficient Dr. Lubin. The head of the Labor Depart ment should be some one who knows Intimately the problems of concilia tion and mediation. The staff should be enlarged five-fold and the Government should encourage training for the career of mediator and conciliator. Men of a particu lar personality, honest and tactful, can do more to smooth ruffled tempers and prevent strikes than boards with rigid rules and regula tions important as these latter may be after the disputes have arisen. So far-reaching a policy as the “Little Steel” formula, for example, grew up accidentally out of a deci sion in one industry, and once pro claimed was adhered to slavishly. The assistance of the Bureau of Labor statistics, as well as the coun sel of all interested groups in man agement and labor with economic data to offer should have been em ployed before a wage-making scheme of general application was adopted, and some provision for flexibility should properly have been considered to meet special situa tions. What the President might well do is to ask for the creation of a new Department of Public Welfare and WOOLENS Hll-wool materials Including gabardines, worsteds, cheviots, co verts. tweeds and tropical worsteds lor s men s and woman * spring clothing. Capitol Woolen House HI9 9th St. N.W. ME. 3379 appoint some experienced concilia tor to operate an enlarged and es pecially constructed Labor Depart ment whose chief function would be conciliation and mediation. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) Haskin's Answers to Questions A reader ran eet the answer to any question of fact by writing The Evening Star Information Bureau. Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington. D. C. Please inclose stamp for return postage. By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. Q. When did Germany declare war on England?—M. I. D. A. There has been no official dec laration of war. Q. What is the greatest distance at which cannon fire can be heard? -E. C. C. A. Continual fire has been heard 100 miles away, and. according to somewhat doubtful records, as far as 100 miles. Q. What was the last play In which John Wilkes Booth appeared? -T. N. N. A. “The Apostate.” ©n March 18, 1865, in Ford's Theater, Washington. Q. What is the temperature of the Solomon Islands?—E. E. M. A. The temperature at sea level varies from an occasional maximum of about 92 degrees to a minimum of 73. Humidity is high and the aver age annual rainfall is 164 Inches. Q. Are new-born babies able to see?—E. L. H. A. Experiments conducted by Dr. W. C. Beasley of Johns Hopkins Uni versity indicated that new-born babies’ eyes can distinguish light and perhaps ordinary objects. Q. Upon what meridian is stand ard time for the world based?— M. E. A. A. It is counted from Greenwich, WHEN YOU FEEL US1USS.PEPLESS “Just Not Yourself” If a shortage of blood-iron has robbed you of your strength and endurance, let Pepto-Mangan prove how helpful it can be. Pepto-Mangan replenishes whatever iron the blood mav be lacking—helps give it thatricA redneit 80 essential for radiant pep, vigor •na vitality f Recommended by many doctors and praised by thousands of men, worrften and children. Ask your druggist for the original PEPTO-MANGAN TMK FAMOUS IKON TONIC HI UOIMIM THE HEW TMUT FIBI WITH YITMWi H ouch; %*si s*ckmu^le, • 'J «MVIV ?Vlck- Rub on • ^d? STS*?- cortfo't* a«S!*S!LE*J*-. I i.-.xrsj's' OMEGA OIL ^.* ^ r^Tjg /WligdOn^ OHAPrr ? I jrgfcca&g I *<" heat aa»i»» 2*"j *r‘ I f°»r home ‘-y,r»”« I •<l*icriNo’«k7P,r'‘*1 I ®ssa»»sgg r2s^^» Vpm-rri, |,f!"e T*- 763fi J I Z°&n'wMA nolan income TAX AUTO LOANS I «W LOW rates I 444- Endorsers I I >'« New York Ate. N.W. I Grey|,‘>«"f Bu, Terminal Federal Storage Company Every Modern Facility tor the Sate Handling j [ and Care ot Household, Treasures 1701 FLORIDA AVENUE ADAMS 5600 E. K. MORRIS, President England, as the prime meridian. Places to the east have faster time, places to the west, slower time, Q. How much snow does it take to equal 1 inch of rain?—C. E. L. A. Ten inches of snow equals, on the average, about 1 inch of rain. Q. When was Canada first called by this name?—L. O. B. A. When Jacques Cartier (1491-e. 1557) first sailed up the St. Lawrence River, one of the first words he learned from the natives was the Huron “kanada,” meaning -‘village” or ' settlement.” Later he applied it to the region around the village on the site of present-day Quebec. Q. What islands recently were re ported to have vanished from the South Atlantic Ocean?—D. F. F. A. The British Admirality report ed the disappearance of Thompson and Lindsay Islands, which have been on charts since 1825. \\ /he reToGo J||ghat To Do EXHIBIT. Azalea show, Botanic Garden, 9 am. to 4:30 p.m. daily through Wednesday. * MEETINGS. Potomac area, American Youth Hostels, United States Chamber of Commerce, 7:45 o'clock tonight. California and Potomac hostel films. National Capital Parks Camera Strollers, Palisades Field House. 8 o'clock tonight. Kodrachrome films of the National Parks. MUSIC. Recorded concert, Jewish Com munity Center. 8:30 o'clock tonight. Marine Band, Marine Barracks, 12:30 p.m. tomorrow. Soldiers' Home Band, Stanley Hall, 5:30 p.m. tomorrow. FOR SERVICEMEN. Stage Door Canteen, Belasco Theater, tonight: Army War College Dance Band, Army Air Forces Dance Band and Capitol Theater show. Servicemen may obtain additional information cm dance* and other activities by calling the United Nations Center, National 3900, or any of the following USO numbers. 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Phone EXECUTIVE 2345 American ^Airlines * BOUTE OF THE FLAGSHIPS BACK OUR BOYS WITH WAB SOWg^ Buy Dafemg SUMPS and SUMP Out th« Ttit This is the story of a Jap bombing attack on an American airfield in the South Pacific. The attack, by and large, was a failure. And that was partly because of...r THE SERGEANT He was in charge of an antiaircraft gun crew. From a warning station half a mile away, he got news of enemy planes approaching from the northeast. Within a few seconds, the sergeant had given certain orders...“Japs coming in at 2 o’clock ... on target... begin tracking... fire!” He gave these orders to... SEVERAL GUYS NAMED JOE who were as busy as beavers behind their rampart of sandbags surrounding a 90-milli meter antiaircraft gun equipped with a Sperry-Vickers Power Control. The Japs came into telescopic sights. The very efficient guys named Joe tracked them until they were within range, passed up am munition, stood by to pull the firing lever. As the gun began to fire, twenty-five shells to the minute, bombs spewed out of the enemy planes. The sergeant was watching, and a few seconds before the bombs struck the ground, he blew his whistle. The crew ducked behind the sandbags until the bursts were over, then leaped to their jobs again. One Jap plane fell in flames. Another dived, out of control. The rest high-tailed it out of sight. THE PROFESSOR How did the professor get into the story? The professor was a machine...the Sperry Antiaircraft Director... a lightning calcu lator that does problems in higher calculus faster than twenty mathematicians. While the guys named Joe were working, the Professor was working, too. With the in formation he got from the tracking sights, he automatically figured the enemy’s range, his speed, the timing needed for the shell fuses, and all other firing data. Then, through the remote-control system cables to the Sperry Power Control, the Professor instantly sent the data to the gun. This system aimed the gun automatically, the shells screamed up ward and burst where they would do the most good. THE PROFESSOR, and his Power Control, are Sperry inventions. They were de veloped over a period of years in co-opera tion with the United States Army. Wh en America entered the war, her anti aircraft equipment was the best in the world. We bel leve it still is the best. In fact, it’s so good it is almost worthy of the sergeants and the guys named Joe who operate it. But we don’t sleep on that. The enemy is smart, and we here at Sperry make it our day-to-day job to try to keep ahead of him. ★ LET’S ALL KEEP BACKING THE ATTACK ★ CORPORATION 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20 FORD INSTRUMENT CO., INC. SPERRY GYROSCOPE CO., INC. Vickers, inc. Waterbury Tool Division, VICKERS, INC.