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Fair, warmer; low near 45. Tomorrow increasing cloudiness, warm. Temperatures today—Highest. 60. at 1.30 p.m.; lowest, 42, at 7:50 a.m. Yes terday—Highest. 55, at 4 p.m.; low est, 35, at 6:10 a.m. Lote New York Markets, Poge A-17. Guide for Readers **age Amusements A-12 Comics _B-22-23 Editorials_A-8 Edit'l Articles.. A-9 Finance A-17 Lost and Found A-3 f-age. Obituary .A-19 Radio .B-23 Society . B-3 Sports A-14-15 I Where to Go... B-8 i Woman's Page B-18 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. Xo. 36,477. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, 1944—FORTY-TWO PAGES. *** Wishintton rpTJ T>XT'T.'' f’TTVTQ FnrE CENTS and Suburbs lJtlX\Jl<XLi l^ilixNXO. El$«wher» BOMBERS LEVEL CASSINO; TROOPS MOVE IN War's Biggest Concentrated Raid Aimed at Ending Italian Deadlock every Plane in Eaker's Air Force Used in Assault By EDWARD KENNEDY, Associated Press War Correspondent. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Naples, Mar. 15.—Allied air power devastated Cassino today with the war’s greatest concen trated bombing attack, and Al lied ground forces immediately charged in to drive the Germans from the rubble of the fortress town. First reconnaissance photographs developed after the aerial assault showed Cassino was leveled. More than 1.400 tons of bomBs were hurled on a target of less than a square mile by every type of plane in an armada of 3,000 sorties. The Germans at Cassino have been blocking the main 5th Army advance since early January. Heavy Artillery Barrage. British and American artillery smashed out in a heavy barrage after the morning-long bombing stopped. Cassino. on a main highway to Rome, is 75 miles southeast of that capital, and some 60 miles east of the Anzio invasion beachhead. Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eaker threw every plane of his Mediterranean Allied Air Forces into a gigantic blow to smash the German grip on this town once and for all and end the long deadlock. The planes ranged from single-seater fighters to great Fly ing Fortresses and Liberators. They started in shortly after daylight and continued pounding the town until noon. Then the artillery opened up and the waiting infantry was flung into battle. Allied Troops Withdrawn. Allied troops who had been hold ing about one-third of the city were withdrawn quietly during the night to give the bombers a free hand. The rumble of the bombing shook window's and houses in Naples, 50 airline miles away. Never before has such a weight of high explosive bombs been poured on so small an area in so short a time. In intensity the raid eclipsed any ever inflicted on Germany. The first waves started at dawn, then returned and reloaded to smash the same target a short time later. A headquarters communique termed it a "bombing operation un surpassed.” Timed to split-second perfection, the relays of bombers went over at intervals of every 10 or 15 minutes throughout the morning. Co-ordinated Plan. An Army announcement said: "The large-scale air effort against Cassino the morning of March 15 was part of a co-ordinated plan with the land forces. "Immediately after cessation of the bombing at midday. British and American artillery of the 5th Army took up the pounding of the enemy’s position in and around Cassino and, our infantry pressed forw'ard, ex tending maximum pressure on the enemy.” Lt. Gen. Mark Clark watched the bombing from a window in a house behind the front with a group of correspondents and Air Force offi cers. The operation against Cassino was but on^ phase of an all-out offensive that continued into the afternoon with increasing fury. Approximately the same weight of bombs was rained on towns, bridges and communications center to the north and northwest—places where the Germans might attempt another delaying stand as at Cas sino. German troops in the Anzio beachhead also were hard hit at the same time. Whistling Devices I'sed. The Allied flyers hitting Cassino turned against the Germans one of the Luftwaffe's own most fright ening psychological weapons— whistling devices attached to as many bombs as possible—to see how the enemy stood up under his own type of "screamers.” Mitchell bombers began the as sault at 8:30 a m. <3:30 a m. Eastern war time) and after two formations had gone over the target. Flying Fortresses and Liberators came in to pound it from 8:50 am. to 11:15. < See ITALY, Page A-4.) Florida House Member Won't Face Gaming Charge By the Associated Press. MIAMI, Fla., Mar. 15.—Represent ative Cannon, Democrat, of Florida said in a statement that he would not be in Municipal Court today to answer charges of “disorderly con duct by being in a gambling place" because he would be in Washington to vote on the service ballot bill. Police Chief H. Leslie Quigg iden tified Mr. Cannon as one of 30 men arrested yesterday in what Detective M C. Tucker said was a bookmaking establishment. Mr. Cannon said he had entered the place at the time of the raid and had gone there to renew ac quaintances in connection with his campaign for Democratic renomina tlon. He and 28 others were released under bonds of $25 each. He was not required to go to the Police station. May Threatens Law to Prohibit Job Deferments of Men 18-26 New Selective Service Order Assures Early Army Call of More Prewar Fathers By the Associated Press. Threatening legislation to ban all but physical deferments for men between 18 and 26. Chair man May today reopened the House Military Affairs Com mittee’s investigation of draft deferment policies. At the same time, a new selective service order limiting occupational deferments for men under 26. in sured the drafting of more fathers. Announcing a meeting of a sub committee headed by Representa tive Costello. Democrat, of Cali fornia, Mr. May said the group was concerned about "the efforts of War Manpower Commissioner Paul Mc Nutt and Chairman Donald M. Nel son of the War Production Board to persuade the President to bring about the deferment of nonfathers and the induction of fathers.” He referred to the report made earlier this week by Mr. McNutt and Mr. Nelson to the President concerning the needs of essential industry for deferment of skilled workers. May Assails Policy. “Apparently,” said Representative May, “the idea is to keep these young nonfathers in industry and put the older men, the fathers, into uniform.” Induction of older fathers, he added, “is costing large sums of money because of allotment and allowance payments, it is breaking up homes and many of the men thus inducted are not fit for active, stren uous military duty.” “The Army doesn't want these older men,” he declared. The new selective service order banned occupational deferments for men under 26, with some significant exceptions, and insured the drafting of_more fathers because it left local • See MANPOWERTpage A-4.) Reds Close Harbor Of Nikolaev in Drive Along Black Sea Only Odessa Is Left; Trapped Nazis Being Liquidated in Ukraine (Map on Page A-5.) By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Mar. 15.—Red Army troops are liquidating several trapped Nazi divisions in the Southern Ukraine, the Russians said today, and in a smash along the Black Sea coast have closed the harbor of Nikolaev, leaving Odessa as the only large port in Southern Russia still available to the Germans. Ten thousand Germans have been killed and 4,000 captured already, a Soviet communique said, while trying to break out of the trap sprung by Gen. Rodion Y. Malinov skv's 3d Ukrainian Army about 46 miles northeast of Nikolaev in the Bereznegovati-Snigerevka area. Col umns driving in from the north and south forced a ring of steel around the Nazis. 18 Miles Beyond Kherson. Other Red Army troops pushed 18 miles beyond captured Kherson to cut the Germans' line of escape through Nikolaev Harbor into the Black Sea. They captured Shiro kaya Balka, 28 miles southeast of Nikolaev and less than 10 miles from the mouth of the southern Bug River, and Soviet guns now control the exit from Nikolaev, the Soviet bulletin said. The Red Army also closed in on Nikolaev from the north, captured Kiselevka, 21 miles to the east, and the rail station of Chekhovichi, about 25 miles to the southeast. To the north, Soviet units were said to have forced a crossing of the Bug River near Gaisin, a town about 50 miles southeast of Vinnitsa, put ting them within 60 miles of the Rumanian frontier. The Soviet communique said Gaisin was cap tured and the river crossed to the north and south of it. 230 Localities Captured. The Russians also announced the capture of Mikhailovka on the Bug, 14 miles south of Vinnitsa. They de clared the Red Army had swept up more than 230 localities in its ad vances on three Ukrainian fronts, 70 of them after heavy fighting west of Kirovograd, and including Novo Archangelsk, 28 miles southeast of Uman. The announcement or the en trapment of the German divisions near Snigcrevka followed within three weeks the Russian announce ment that 10 Nazi divisions were wiped out in the Korsun ring, about 130 miles north of this area. “Desperate attempts of the enemy to break out of the encirclement failed,” the Soviet war bulletin said. "Our troops are pressing in on the encircled German divisions and in flicting huge losses on them in manpower and material. The British radio, heard by CBS in New York, quoted a German broadcast today as saying the Rus sians have launched new attacks in the Kerch and Perekop areas at both ends of the Crimean Penin sula In “what is perhaps anothei direct result of the fall of Kher son.” The Crimean Peninsula, 65 miles southeast of Kherson, was isolated by the Russian mainland advance last fall, and the German garrisons there presumably have been left to survive as best they can. iLimited Auto Output By September Forecast j By the Associated Press. | NEW YORK. Mar. 15.—Limiter production of passenger cars wil begin by September, with the firs new models scheduled to be on thi market by July, 1945, according t< Ray Chamberlain, executive vici president of the National Automobili Dealers' Association. He said partial resumption o automobile production would b undertaken to meet transportatioi needs of civilians essential to th< war effort. U. S. Heavy Bombers Smash at Targets In Central Reich London Digging Out After Night Attack Reminiscent of 1941 By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 15.—American heavy bombers in “medium-sized forces” smashed at military tar gets in Central Germany today under strong fighter escort, Strategic Air Force headquarters announced. Targets and other details were not disclosed, but the German radio said air fleets swept into Northwest Germany this morning, touching off “major scale air battles” centering over Hannover, 150 miles west of Berlin. German radio transmitters went off the air as the bombers ap proached—during the middle of broadcasts boasting of heavy dam age to London in a huge fire raid last night. London Digging Out. Rescue workers toiled through smoking ruins in search of dead and injured as the British capital dug itself out after the premidnight attack which rivaled in intensity the big German raids of 1941. Thousands of incendiaries and high explosive bombs were showered down on the city in a short but con centrated attack which touched off fires in many sections and did ex tensive damage in two of the capi tal’s best-known business and resi dential districts. Bombs also dropped at scattered points in East Anglia and South and Southeast England, causing both casualties and damage at sev eral places. The total raiding force was esti mated at 150 to 200 planes, but how many of these reached London was not announced. At least 13 raiders were shot down, 11 over England and two en route home. Nazi propagandists exploited the raid to the fullest possible extent, the Berlin radio telling the Ger man public that the assault was carried out on a grand scale and asserting the raiders had unloaded large numbers of new “super-heavy bombs.” The raid, which lasted less than an hour, was the first attack on London since March 2 and touched off a barrage similar to that sent up dur ing last month’s “baby blitz.” By the time the last of the raiders turned back across the Channel the sky was red with the glow of many fires, Many Dwellings Hit. Firemen struggled for two hours to bring under control a huge blaze in a warehouse over an underground shelter in which 4,000 persons had taken refuge. A number of large apartment houses, entire rows of private dwell ings and many business properties were among the buildings damaged or destroyed. Marauder medium bombers of the United States 9th Air Forces at tacked targets in Northern France and Belgium today. RAF. Domin ion and Allied fighters accompanied the B-26s. These attacks, coupled with the American attack on Central Ger many, followed a night raid by RAF Mosquito bombers on Dusseldorf witihout loss. Late Bulletin Finns Vote, 160-40, to Stay In War, Stockholm Hears S T () C KHOL M (/Pi.—The j Finnish Parliament decided today to continue at war with Soviet Russia, rejecting Rus > sia's final terms of armistice, according to reliable infor . mation available here tonight. ’ The vote is understood to have ] been 160 to 40. (Earlier Story on Pare A-2.) WLB Rejects AFL Demand for Pay Ceiling Boost Request for Public Hearing and Study of Stabilization Denied B? the Associated Press. The War Labor Board today rejected American Federation of Labor demands for a higher wage ceiling. In a three-way blow at organized labor's drive for liberalization of the wage stabilization formula, the board refused to approve the AFL petition requesting President Roosevelt “to modify realistically” the Little Steel formula, rejected a proposal to hold a public hearing on that petition and turned down a third suggestion that it conduct a general hearing on wage stabilization to provide Con gress with information on the subject. The AFL petition had been before the board since February 9. It was discussed on that date and again one day last week, but did not come to a vote until today. The AFL and CIO members stood together in supporting the three motions, but received no support from WLB's industry and public members. Col. Kearby, Air Ace, Is Missing in Action Texan Downed 21 Planes In Southwest Pacific By the Associated Press. DALLAS, Tex., Mar. 15.—Col. Neal E. Kearby of San Antonio, one Of the Army Air Forces’ top aces of the Southwest Pacific, with at least 21 Jap planes to his credit, is miss ing in action. His father. Dr. J. G. Kearby of Dallas, said today the War Depart ment advised the flyer’s wife at San Antonio that Col. Kearby has been unreported since March 5. Stationed with the 5th Air Force in the Southwest Pacific, Col. Kear by received from Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur personally on January 22 the Congressional Medal of Honor for shooting down six enemy planes in one day. He also was holder of the Distinguished Flying Crass, the Sil ver Star, the Air Medal and several Oak Leaf Clusters. He entered the Army Air Forces after graduating from the Univer sity of Texas in January, 1937. and received his wings at Kelly Field, Tex., February 16, 1938. He has been on overseas duty since May, 1943. Col. Kearby’s wife and three sons live in San Antonio. His brother, Ma.j. John G. Kearby, was killed in a plane crash last August at Wright Field, Dayton. Ohio, where he was a member of the engineering re search department. The death of another Army Air Forces ace who had 20 Japanese planes to his credit was revealed this week when the bride of Lt. Col. Thomas Lynch, 27, of Catasauqua, Pa., was notified that he was killed in action over New Guinea March 8. Nazis Cut Rations 30% In War Prisoner Camp__ By the Associated Press. " OITAWA, Mar. 15.—German au thorities, asserting Allied prisoners threw away good food, have reduced basic rations by 30 per cent in a prisoner-of-war camp where more than 100 Canadian officers and men are interned, an International Red Cross Committee has reported. The report, made public here by the Wartime Information Board, identified the camp as "Oflag VII B" and said the German high security command now was being asked to bring the ration back to normal. The prisoners are usually "well nourished,” however, due to the col lective Red Cross parcels received, the delegates said. House Due to Pass Service Vote Bill After Debate Today Two Hours Allotted For Discussion; Veto Seen as Possibility (Senate Roll Call on Page A-5.) By the Associated Press. Congress was ready with a new challenge to President Roosevelt today in the form of a service vote bill. With quick passage assured, the House called up the rewritten ver sion of two merged measures—de signed to meet objections of those who want State ballots and those preferring Federal ballots. The bill passed the Senate yester day, 47 to 31, and even its most vocal critics conceded prompt House approval after two hours of debate. The next question is what will the President's attitude be. Con gress and the White House went down different streets on two other major issues of this session. The legislators voted to ban food sub sidies and Mr. Roosevelt vetoed that, winning his point when the veto was sustained. His $10,500,000,000 tax program was cut to $2,350,000,000 but his veto of the tax bill was promptly overridden. Original Bill Called Fraud. The original Eastland-Rankin bill providing for a state-controlled sol dier ballot was assailed as a "fraud” in a message the President sent to Congress. Recently, when the Presi dent was asked to comment on the pending legislation, he said the crux of the matter was whether more servicemen and women would get to vote under the proposed measure or the 1942 act. The most ardent champion of the State controls. Representative Ran kin, Democrat, of Mississippi de clared today that "if the President should veto it (the compromise measure), the chances are that there would be no soldier vote bill passed at all.” In the Senate yesterday, 23 Demo crats and 24 Republicans voted for the compromise bill, with 24 Demo crats, six Republicans and one Pro gressive opposing passage. Opponents gained half a dozen more votes than they had counted in their polls, including that of Majority Leader Barkley, who de clared the measure was held to gether with more legal "adhesive tape" than he had ever seen before. He disclaimed any knowledge of the President's intentions toward the bill. Stormy Journey in Congress. Servicemen voting legislation has had a stormy journey in Congress since the administration first pro posed a Federal ballot for the over seas vote. Southern Democrats and Republicans rejected the adminis tration proposal in a coalition action, then got behind a bill calling for the States to send out ballots and count the vote. A deadlock ensued. Then, in conference, both branches worked out the final compromise which now calls for expedited handling of 'See SERVICE VOTE, Page A-2.) Waiting Tax Experts Baffled As Final Rush Fails to Occur The usual eleventh-hour rush of income taxpayers seeking aid in fil ing returns before the deadline at midnight tonight was mysteriously missing today, and officials at the Internal Revenue were at a loss to explain it. In sharp contrast to yesterday’s crowds, the line had disappeared completely for the first time about 10:30 a m. From then on through the late morning hours it ebbed and flowed, with 300 tax experts taking care of applicants about as fast as they appeared. After the first long line of several hundred persons, which had ac cumulated early this morning, was accommodated, there never were more than about 50 persons waiting at any one time By noon more than 5,000 had been aided, and only 11 were standing in line. An increase was expected during the lunch hour, according to A. Park* Raain, In charge of the office. The fact that today is payday in many Government departments also was expected to bring in some crowds this afternoon after Gov ernment offices close. The office will be open until midnight. To aid District employes in meet ing their income tax payments, Arthur R. Pilkerton, auditor, said arrangements have been made to pay approximately 80 per cent of the city's employes today rather than Friday. Among the more than 13,000 af fected by the move are employes at the District Building and the Health and Fire Departments. Efforts also are being made to pay policemen. Little hope was held out that checks would reach teachers today. Treasury officials, meanwhile, es timated that roughly one out of every three returns will be in the form of applications for refunds. fSee TAXPAYERS. P*#e A-4.1 Joseph Eastman, Chief of ODT, Dies of Heart Ailment at 61 Protege of Brandeis Gained Fame As ICC Member in Wilson Regime Joseph B. Eastman, director of defense transportation and for 25 years a member of the Inter state Commerce Commission, died in Emergency Hospital this morning after an illness of sev eral weeks. He was 61 years old. Mr. Eastman, one of the foremost transportation authorities in the country and President Roosevelt’s principal transportation adviser, died from a coronary occlusion, or block in the artery that goes to the heart, shortly after 7 o’clock. He had suffered a previous attack about a month ago and had since been confined to bed. Through Secretary Stephen Early, President Roosevelt expressed “deep regret” at Mr. Eastman’s death. Mr. Early disclosed that Mr. East mlp had offered to resign as ODT director on February 19 when his physicians told him he must spend at least two months in the hospital resting. The President sent Mr. Eastman a letter that same day by messen ger, telling him: “Follow strictly the doctor’s or ders, and take that much needed rest. No not for a moment think of resigning. Get yourself baqjs in good form, for the job needs you and the country needs you.” Somervell Pays Tribute. Lt. Gen. Brehon B. Somervell, chief of the Army Service Forces, today paid tribute to his late trans portation aide: “The death of Joseph B. Eastman leaves a gap that will not be easy to fill,” he said. “The Nation has lost an outstandingly brilliant ex pert in transportation, one who never lost his deep-rooted impar tiality in a controversial field. “As a co-ordinator of defense transportation, Mr. Eastman was a tower of strength in a critical pe riod. The Army particularly will feel a deep sense of deprivation. It has lost a wise and sympathetic counsellor, one who has given wholehearted support to its prob lems and its needs. Personally, I have lost a friend.” A bachelor, Mr. Eastman was a (See EASTMANTPage A-16.) Living Cost Stabilized For 11 Months, Bowles Tells House Inquiry Says OPA Extension Will Prevent Inflation During War Period By the Associated Press. Price Administrator Chester Bowles told Congress today there had been no increase in the American living cost level for the last 11 months and that if the present Price Control Act is extended without substantial change, “inflation during the war will be prevented.” At the first public hearing on leg islation to continue the Office of Price Administration for one year beyond June 30, Mr, Bowles said OPA had had some faults, but he contended that price control had fully proved its worth and had held the living cost rise in this war to less than half the over-all increase dur ing the World War. Defends OPA Record. Testifying before the Senate Banking Committee, the adminis trator said: “This committee will understand that neither I nor any man can stand here and defend each one of the 8,000,000 prices (fixed by OPA) as being perfectly and justly set, but I do say that the record shows that price control has been effective. “After 53 months of World War I the cost of living was up 65 per cent. In January of this year, 53 months after August. 1939, the cost of living had risen only 26 per cent. “There is no question but that prices have been stabilized. There has been no increase at all in the living-cost level in the last 11 months.” He said that price controls would enable the Nation to come out of the war with a “sound and balanced price structure.” Obviously having in mind the ex pected move to attach an antifood subsidy rider to the OPA extension measure, Mr. Bowles asserted that subsidies had played a part in hold ing living costs on an even keel, adding that there had been a steady rise before their use. 26 Bills Introduced. Meanwhile, the introduction of 26 bills in the House indicated that legislators in that branch will at tempt to make drastic changes in price control structures. Aaron Ford, attorney for the House Committee Investigating Ex ecutive Agencies, called the atten tion of that group yesterday to the 26 bills, the latest of which was submitted by Representative Kle berg, Democrat, of Texas. It pro vides for a board, appointed by the President and approved by the Sen ate. to fix price ceiling*. D. C. Red Cross Fund Raised to $857,361 By Business Division $160,000 in Contributions Boosts Campaign to Over 32% of Goal Gifts reported today by the general business division sent the District Red Cross total fund collected to date to approxi mately $857,361. This is more than 32 per cent of the over-all $2,665,000 quota. The division brought in an addi tional $160,000 today, on the basis of incomplete reports. This sum boosted the division's total to $344,000, or 52 per cent of its quota. Chairman S. H. Kauffmann reported. General Chairman Lloyd B. Wil son announced that Joseph C. Grew, former Ambassador to Japan, will be the speaker at Friday’s meeting of the Government and general busi ness divisions. Music will be pro vided by the Army Air Forces Band Tomorrow reports will be turned in by the residential, city and county units and the City of Alexandria. $1,000,000 Mark Near. With the campaign nearing its half way stage, campaign officials said they expect the $1,000,000 mark to be passed by the end of this week. Through yesterday the Government division, headed by Ernest G. Dra per, member of the Board of Gov ernors of the Federal Reserve Sys tem. had obtained $275,089 from 54.446 Federal employes, or 24.8 per cent of their goal. John Clifford Folger, District chapter chairman, told yesterday's meeting that the "Government unit will not fail or falter in its support of the Red Crass.” He recalled that in last year's Red Cross campaign the critical point was reached on March 20, when Government divi sions supplied the upsurge which carried Washington over the top. An ovation was tendered Miss Phyllis Pedigo, Red Cross worker who recently returned from the Pa cific theater. She was nicknamed "Merrylegs” by a regiment of sol diers in Australia because she ran so many errands for the men. A bomber was named Merrylegs in her honor and from New Zealand according to Comdr. W. F. Loven thal, the bomber crew sent her this message: “Merrylegs is plastering the merry hell out of the Jape.” Nick Kayes, Greek proprietor of a flower and fruit shop at 907 Penn sylvania avenue N.W., announced today he will give to the District Red Cross the entire proceeds of his Saturday sales "in apprecia tion of the work of the Red Cross." GOP Senators Vest Leadership In Three Men Vandenberg, White And Taft Chosen In New Setup By J. A. O’LEARY. Senate Republicans decided unanimously today on a tempo rary setup for the remainder of this year, in which Senators Vandenberg of Michigan, White of Maine and Taft of Ohio will be the key men in directing the party’s affairs in the Senate. The meeting was called because the death of Senator McNary of Oregon left the minority leader's post open, and today's action places the GOP senatorial leadership in the three men. The GOP Senators voted to con tinue Senator Vandenberg as acting chairman of the Republican Con ference, Senator White as acting floor leader and made Senator Taft chairman of the newly created Steering Committee. Wherry Conttinues as Whip. Senator Wherry of Nebraska was continued as whip and Senator Bur ton of Ohio as conference secretary. All the officers were elected only for the rest of the present session of Congress, which ends next January. Sounding an optimistic note for the coming campaign. Senator Van denberg said after the conference: "Based on the expectation that the Republican party will obtain control not only of the Government, but also of the Senate next Novem ber, we wish to be entirely free to fit the permanent organization to the necessities of those events.” Today's moves conformed with the new type of organization that had been agreed on before Senator Mc Nary’s death, the effecj of which is to bring more members into active participation in the shaping of party policy. Landslide Seen Needed. During the years of New Deal ascendency, when the Republican side of the Senate dwindled to 17, the direction of party policy cen tered in the minority leader, who also was chairman of the confer ence. Republicans pointed out there was no need for a steering com mittee during those years because the entire GOP membership could meet at lunch. The Republicans gradually have regained ground until they now hold 37 of the 96 Senate seats. For a clear majority they will have to capture 12 Democratic places this fall without losing any. Most observers believe it will take a landslide to give the Republicans numerical control of the Senate this year, but party workers are confi dent they will at least bring their membership up close to that of the Democrats. The GOP Senators, by their de cision today, avoided any contests for leadership that might have weakened party harmony in ad vance of the coming campaign. When re-establishment of a steer ing committee of nine was decided on several weeks ago. three officers of the conference were made ex officio members, Senators Vanden berg, White and Wherry. Will Meet Once Weekly. The remain six Steering Com mittee members selected today wera Senators Taft, Danaher of Connect icut, Bridges of New Hampshire, Brooks of Illinois, Bushfleld of South Dakota and Millikin of Col orado. The Steering Committee met im mediately and named Senator Taft chairman. As part of the plan for more vigorous minority action, the Steering Committee decided to meet once a week. The rules adopted at the last meeting called for a meet ing at least every two weeks. The conference adopted resolu tions of regret at the death of Senator McNary, which will be presented during memorial services in ‘the Senate chamber tomorrow. Two Republican vacancies on the committee on Wild Life Conserva tion were given to Senators Nye of North Dakota and Ferguson of Michigan. _ 55 Injured in Train f Accident at Memphis By the Associated Press. MEMPHIS. Mar. 15.—Fifty-five persons received slight injuries last night when a Rock Island Railroad passenger train rammed a steel and concrete bumper while entering the station here, City Passenger Agent L. M. Hunt said. The train was a special operating between Hot Springs, Ark., and Memphis and most of the passen gers were racing fans. Mr. Hunt said the engine left the tracks, but the coaches were not de railed. Most of the injured were crew members and passengers who were standing up preparing to leave the train. The passenger agent said many of the injured were taken to Mem phis hospitals. Others were cared for by the railroad's doctors and other physicians. District Due to Get • More Spring Weather More springlike weather is in store for the District today, with the Weather Bureau forecasting a high of 64 degrees this afternoon. The temperature was 44 degrees at 9 a.m. Yesterday’s high was 55 degrees. A sleet and rainstorm which par alyzed communicationss in section# of the Middle West, missed the Dis trict as it headed for Northern New York.