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Hits McCarran Plan For Postwar Combine The proposal of Senator McCar ran. Democrat, of Nevada for a giant $1,000,000,000 postwar American air combine to operate lines abroad was attacked today in a statement by S J. Solomon, chairman of a com mittee representing 17 domestic aviation companies. The Senator yesterday introduced a bill embody ing his project. Mr. Solomon declared his group was "opposed to a monopoly in whatever form it may be created, either with Pan American Airways as a chosen instrument or as a giant corporation, because we do not be lieve that it will serve the best interests of the United States in the postw-ar foreign air situation." “The number of present airlines in the United States who could sub scribe to $5,000,000 of stock.” he added, "is extremely small.” The $5,000,000 figure was set as a minimum subscription to class A stock in Senator McCarren's plan. The Senator's proposal provides for a single United States company to carry the American flag abroad. The plan is one similar to one ad vanced recently by Pan American Airways, Inc., the leading American foreign operator at the present time. Seventeen other companies have banded into an Airline Committee for United States Air Policy to op pose the Pan American project. Senator McCarran’s plan for a company to be known as All-Ameri can Flag Lines provides for a Fed erally chartered corporation with a working capital of more than $1. 000,000.000, participation to be open to all companies presently certifi cated by the Civil Aeronautics Board except those in Alaska. The corporation would operate only outside of the continental United States. Transfer of voting stock would be subject to Govern ment approval. Mrs. Roosevelt Spends Day Visiting in Venezuela By the Associated Press. CARACAS. Venezuela. Mar. 21.— Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt said yesterday at a press conference that the election of a Republican Presi dent would not alter the United States' good neighbor policy. “This policy is firmly rooted in the hearts of the American people, and once anything becomes firmly rooted in people's thinking it is not changed” if there is a change in Presidents, she said. Mrs Roosevelt left later in the day after a 24-hour stay here. At her press conference she said that, from what she had seen, lease-lend money spent in Latin America had been “well spent and has brought good results.” NEW YORK.—SELECTED AS BEST DRESSED—Among the 10 women named yesterday by the Fashion Academy as America's best dressed were (left to right): Bidu Sayao, opera star; Eleanor Steber. also of the opera; Mrs. George Fielding Eliot, wife of the military commentator; Mary Martin, actress; Grace M. Austin, business executive, and Mrs. Donald Tansill, socialite. —A. P. Wirephoto. Nazi Glider Bombs May Imperil Allied Fleets, Hammond Says By the Associated Press. BOSTON. Mar. 21—John Hays Hammond, jr.. internationally known inventor and holder*of patents on radio-controlled bombs similar to those being used by the Germans, is quoted by the Boston Traveler as saying he believed that the Nazis have only been practicing with the projectiles and that their full force would be felt later. "My feeling is," the paper quoted Mr. Hammond as saying in an article approved by the Office of Censorship, “that perfection of this device by Germany would imperil the British fleet. The fleet versus glider bombs could be the next phase of this war—it could be glider bombs against the combined Allied fleets. "No shipping will be safe if the Germans perfect this type of war fare, excepting those ships which can stay out of reach. "There is a need for skill and technique from practice. It is not like gunfire, where ranges and mechanism to pre-direct are con stantly under control. It takes a certain famil arity. I know this from long experience myself," the Traveler quoted Mr. Hammond as saying. "Germany lacks that practice now. but with the skillful control that comes through practice these con trolled glider bombs are going to become very dangerous, especially on ships.” Menace of Glider Bombs Is Called Exaggerated Bi the Associated Press. LONDON. Mar. 21.—A prediction credited to John Hays Hammond, jr., the inventor, that the next phase of the war will see the use of glider bombs against Allied fleets, “with no shipping safe if the Germans perfect this type of warfare.” was described here yesterday as “vis ionary and exaggerated out of all proportions,” a well-informed Briton slid today. Driving Charge Hearing Against Wilson Put Off Further hearing by the corpora tion counsel’s office on a drunken driving charge . against L. M. (Clancy) Wilson, suspended District detective sergeant, was postponed yesterday until March 27 to give the defendant's attorney, Charles Ford, time to review the case. Sergt. Wilson, 47, was suspended Saturday after police said his car struck another operated by Charles C. Wallace, Cheverly, Md., at Bladensburg road and Thirtieth street N.E. Sergt. Wilson is free under $500 bond. 'Strange Fruit' Is Taken Off Sale in Boston ry the Associated Press. BOSTON, Mar. 21.—Boston book sellers withdrew “Strange Fruit,” a new novel by Lillian Smith dealing, among other matters, with lynching and miscegnation, from public sale yesterday on the ground it con tained indecent passages. Police Commissioner Thomas F. Sullivan said references to sex re lations in the book were “the bold est I have ever seen.” He denied, however, that he had ordered a ban on sales of the novel, saying the Board of Trade of Bos ton Book Merchants had agreed voluntarily to halt sales of the book. AAAY8&'■ Sliding Doors on safe cars tomorrow 9 * || 8UT .OIL-PLATING YOUR ENGINE is like outdoing the future-today "A bird in the hand” is worth a whole flock of 1950 cars with wings—or even more moderate 1945 models that aren’t here yet either. Better grasp the big advancement that’s ready now... Better have your engine oil-plated! Conoco N** motor oil, for your needed Spring change, at once brings your engine internal oil plating—the foe of cursed engine acids. These unavoidable "leftovers” of combustion were a menace even when partly driven off by the steady heat of long trips. But rationing brought short jumps, with overcool operation that magnified acid attacks. It’s high time now —in any car, under any conditions — to check rampant acids. And you’ll succeed with Conoco oil, containing an ad vanced synthetic. This acts "magnet - like”... makes metals attract and hold their acid-resist ant shield of oil-plating. Though your engine’s cool or hot—running or not—the oil-plating doesn’t all promptly drain down to the crankcase. And where there’s oil plating, the acids that want to destroy are told to "Keep Off!” That’s how Conoco Nf* oil can advance your car’s chance to keep going. Change for Spring today at Your Mileage Merchant’s Conoco station. Continental Oil Company CONOCO VM MOTOR OIL <8 W S. PR ATI *!‘ind and M N.W. AMERICAN TRAILER CO.. INC. 4030 Wisconsin Avt. N.W. BON If ANT SERVICE STATION IM*!0 llth ST N.\\ . POTOMAC GARAGE A SERV. STATION 10th *nd E N.W. ATLANTIC GARAGE A SLR\ STATIONS I VZ.\ L St. N.U. 7 1 l »th N.W. COX A GREEN 4515 MacArthur Blv4. k HOFFMAN A CO. '!!»IH Rhode Island Ave. N.F. TRIANGLE MOTOR CO I 101 Rhode Island Ave. N.E. Traditional Horse Sales Fete Held At Leonardtown Special Dispatch to The Star. LEONARDTOWN. Md.. Mar. 21.— Residents of St. Marys County today observed “Stud Horse Tuesday" in keeping with a tradition that dates back to Colonial days. On the first Tuesday of the spring term of Circuit Court, farmers throughout the county bring horses they wish to sell to the town square and parade them through the streets, after which they are ex hibited for prospective purchasers. In former days the town took on a holiday atmosphere, with women in picturesque dresses selling food lrom stands on street corners and itinerant salesman hawking their wares. Jewish Welfare Unit Names Peyser Head Theodore D. Peyser, lawyer and president of the Washington Hebrew Congregation, was elected president of the Board of Jewish Social Serv ice Agency at a meeting last night at the Jewish Community Center. Other officers chosen for the board of the agency, a member of the Community War Fund, are: Samuel Sugar, first vice president; Morris Garfinkel, second vice presi dent; Mrs. Henry Gichner, secre tary; Charles Pilzer, treasurer, and Harry Hahn, jr„ assistant treasurer. Joseph F. Barr and Louis Spiegler were named as members of the Ex ecutive Committee. New trustees are Paul Himmelfarb, Milton Na than and Isaac B. Nordlinger. The agency has aided 653 families and individuals during the past year, of which 193 received financial assistance, it was disclosed. Ten per cent of the applications for aid came from families of servicemen and veterans of the present war, and 18 per cent were from Govern ment employes. Sixty per cent of the families asking for aid this last year were previously not known to the agency. Fifteen persons elected to the board are Jerry Antel, David Bornet, Mrs. Simon M. Davis, Norman Fischer. Dr. Joseph Forster, Mur ray Frank, Hyman Goldman, David Hornstein, Dr. Alec Horwitz, Mrs. Elizabeth Kahn, Joseph D. Kauf man, Samuel Kaufman. Mrs. Ber nard Nordlinger, Mitchell Novak and Mrs. Sol Stern. Navy to Study Vaccine Adversely Affecting 40 By the Associated Press. RICHMOND, Mar. 21.—Forty of 64 Navy V-12 students at the Uni versity of Richmond who were given their second antityphoid shots March 10 and 11 suffered unusually severe swellings of their arms, and in some cases actual infection, it was learned here yesterday. Lt. J. H. Nevill^ commanding offi cer of the unit, said, “I am satisfied that something was wrong some where, since the reaction was far more severe than could have been expected, and affected so many of the men.'* He has ordered an investigation. All the boys, many of whom were hospitalized, were back at classes today. A laboratory analysis of the vac cine will be forwarded to the Navy’s Bureau of Medicine and Surgery at Washington. Bill Would Lift Pay Of U. S. Night Workers All employes of the District and Federal Governments, who are re quired to work at nights, would be paid 15 per cent above the day rate for the same work, under the terms of a bill introduced in the Senate yesterday by Senator Downey, Dem ocrat, of California. Night work would be defined as being any work performed between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. The bill was referred to the Civil Service Committee, of which Sena tor Downey is chairman. Dominican Ambassador Arrives in Miami Py the Associated Press. MIAMI. Fla., Mar. 21.—Ambassa dor Anselmo Copello of the Domin ican Republic arrived aboard a Pan American clipper yesterday on his way to' Washington. His daughter-in-law, Mrs. Cesar Geronimo Copello, accompanied him. Hungary i Continued From First Page.) that the entire country be totally mobilized for war, that workers be sent into Germany and that Hun garian occupation troops be sent to Yugoslavia to release seasoned Ger man divisions. London diplomatic and military sources suggested the German oc cupation also may have been prompted by these considerations: 1. As a step to protect Germany from danger of having her com munications with the south and southeast cut by the Hungarians at a critical period of the war. 2. As a warning to two other pos sibly restless satellites, Bulgaria and Rumania, both of which have been reported requently to be seeking a way tow-ard peace. Hungary for months has been rep resented as attempting to recall di visions she sent to the battle fronts as an active partner of Germany. Writing from Istanbul a month ago, Associated Press Correspondent Wil liam B. King estimated that the Hungarians had between 18 and 22 able-bodied divisions at home. Well-Consolidated Position. In a dispatch from Istanbul this morning Associated Press Corre spondent Frank O’Brien expressed the view that occupation of Hun gary would give the German high command a well-consolidated posi tion behind the Carpathian Moun tains to the east and the Dinaric Alps and the Danube on the south and might be the first concrete in dication of an eventual withdrawal from most of Yugoslavia and Greece. Nazi divisions poised on the Tran sylvanian Alps, he said, would con stitute a reserve defense group to support elite German units now guarding the Rumanian oil fields, loss of which might quickly paralyze the Nazi war machine. Hungary’s railroads serve the cen tral and southern Russian fronts and fan out to Rumania. Servia, Croatia and through them to Bul garia and Greece. "Thus," Mr. O'Brien wrote, "Hun gary lorfg has occupied the unique position of being a communications center of the utmost importance to the Germans and at the same time the only unoccupied portion of Southeastern Europe.” Financiers Cheered By Oversubscription Of C. & 0. Shares Bj the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Mar. 21.—Encour aged by the quick oversubscription of the largest block of common stock ever sold in organized markets, investment bankers today offered 120,500 shares of Hart, Schaffner & Marx common and put the finishing touches on plans to bring out new securities of two prominent utility concerns. The syndicate headed by Blyth <St Co. which yesterday sold in record time 70'4,121 shares of Chesapeake & Ohio common for the account of the Alleghany Corp. said the offer ing was heavily oversubscribed in a little more than an hour. The Alleghany Corp. announced proceeds from the sale “should bring nearer a refinancing of existing debt at lower rates of interest and aid in fulfilling Alleghany’s pledge to bring about a further simplification of its structure at the earliest date consistent with its obligations to its security holders.” The Hart. Schaffner & Marx stock, offered by Blyth & Co., was priced at $25.75 a share and. like the Chesapeake & Ohio common, was for the account of existing hold ers rather than new stock sold by the company. Meanwhile, the Michigan Consol idated Gas Co. invited bids on a new issue of $38,000,000 first-mort gage 3 Vi per cent bonds and 40,000 shares of 4% per cent preferred stock as part of a refinancing plan designed to retire presently out standing bonds, notes and preferred stock. Bids will be opened next Monday and will precede or closely follow the competitive sale by Oklahoma Natural Gas Co. of $18,000,000 first mortgage bonds and 180.000 shares of preferred stock also designed to refinance currently outstanding debt. Dividends Announced NEW YORK. Mar. 2L i#*).—Dividends declared: Irregular. Pe- Silt, of Pay Rare rlod. record, able. Am Coach ft Body 25c 3-15 4-1 Axelson Mfa .. 10c 2-29 3-15 Bucyrus-Erie _15c . 3-11 4-1 Gen Machinery _75c 3-20 4-1 Inter-Mountain Tel_4<>c 3-20 4-1 Stand Steel Sorg .25c 3-31 4-15 Mass Invest Tr 19c Q 3-31 4-20 Increased. Gimbel Bros. _25c __ 4-10 4-25 Extra. St Lawrence Flour M Lts_50C 3-31 5-1 Final. Can Eagle Oil Ltd Ord Hd _ _ Do pt of _23.88c___ Mex Eag O pt pf 32 Mex cents _ _ Accumulated. Courier Post 7% pf *1.75 _ 3-20 4-1 Goulds P 7'r pf * 1.75 . 3-23 4-5 Jeanette G1 7'i pf .*1.75 _. 3-24 4-1 Kegular. Adams Minis 25c 4-14 5-1 Alabama Fuel St Iron 30c 3-10 4-1 Attleboro Gas Lt SB Q 3-31 4-15 Baldwin Co _20c 3-20 3-25 Cannon Shoe 10c 3^22 4-1 Dempster Mill Mfg . Sl.So 3-25 4-1 Dome Mines Ltd. _40c . 3-31 4-29 Early * Dan _5«c . 3-20 3-31 Huttig Sash & Door .25c 3-9 3-14 Monroe Loan See A_3c Q 4-10 4-15 Packer Corp _ . 25c Q 4-5 4-15 Rhinelander Paper_20c . 3-23 4-1 St Lawrence Hour M Ltd ..35c Q 3-31 5-1 Schwitzer Cummins _50e . 3-23 3-31 South Acid A Sulphur.75c 3-18 3-28 Taunton Gas Light_ *1 Q 3-15 4-1 West Pipe A Stl of Calif 75c 3-23 3-31 Amer Seal Kap _ 15c 3-31 4-20 Can Bk of Comm SI .50 Q 3-31 4-1 Dixon ijosl Crucible 75c 3-23 3-31 Horn A H Bak (NJ)_*].SO Q .3-21 4-1 Unit Milk Prod.. 30c 3-23 4-1 Un Milk P S3 pt pf.Sl.25 3-73 4-1 He.vwood-Wakefield Co. earned $450,776 or $4.61 in 1943 against $335,307 or $2.68 in the previous year. Washington Exchange y SALES. Washington Oas 8.1 old.—IS al 108V Mergenthaler Linotype—25 st 53*«. Potomac Electric Power S'i' pfd.—10 at 11.3. BONDS. PUBLIC UTILITY. Bid Asked. Am T A- T cv deb Its 1 956 11 7 U 118 Anacostia & Pot 5s 1 S»4!» _ li.8>« loS'/s Ana A Pot auar 5« 1940 ill .... Ana A- Pot .nod 3’4s 1931 106% _ Capita) Traction I at 5s 194? 106 _ City At Suburban 5s 104s iwt'4 City At Sub mod 384s 1051 li>6 _ Georgetown Gss 1st 5s 1901 122 _ Pot Elec Pow :i‘«s 1000 108*4 Pot Elec Pow .His 1977 109 _ Washington Gas is 1900 128 Wash Rwy A- Elec 4s 1051 100 108 Ter Rf & W Cp 1st 4Us 1048 10.i'4 STOCKS. PUBLIC UTILITY Bid Asked Amer Tel A- Tel i9> _ *157U Capital Transit (2.00) •20>» 30 N At W 8teamboat 04) __ 100 Pot Elec Pow 6". pfd (0» 115 Pot El pw 5'iU pi (5 50). 113 Wash Gas Lt com .1 50> 22'i 23 "'as G' L( cv cv pf (4.50t 104'a 1 ort Wash Gas Lt cum of (6.00) 108 109 Wash Rv A El com 1*9.00) 585 Wash Ry At Elec pf (5)_ 118 _ BANK AND TRUST COMPANIES Amer Sec A Tr Co (e8) . 227 235 Bank of Berhcsda it.75).. 30 Capital (tfi) __ 170 _ Com & Savings (ylO.OO) •35o Liberty 'trf). _ _ _ . is.l Lincoln (h5> 740 Nat Sav & Tr (14 001.. .. 205 Pr Georges Bk A Tr 01.00) 2.3 _ Riggs 110)_ 343 Washington (H> 108 Wash Loan A Trust (e8> 25o 266 nRE AND TITLE INSURANCE. American 06) __130 _ Firemen's (1.40) 32 National Union (.75)_ 13 Colombia ik.kO) . _ 11 13 Real Estate (0) _ 153 . MISCELLANEOUS Carpel Corp (2.00) .. 75 Oarflnckel common (.80) *17 ITS Garflnck 5*4'. cu pi (1 373) •7H*« 2; Lanston Monotype (2.00) .41 45 Mergenthaler Lino (al 00) 67'a 54 Natl M'ste A Inv nfd (.35) 5*-« __ . Peoo Drug com new (pi.25) •23*« Real Est MAO of (t.50> 8 Security Storage (14) 69 75 Ter Ref A Wh Corp (3) 50 Wdwd A Loth com (p2.30) M4*a 46 Wdwd A Loth pfd (7)_ *121 _ •Ex dividend. tpiUJ extras a Paid so far this year, e extra, h 85.00 extra, k 10c extra. p Paid In 1943. y $10.00 extra. New York Bank Stocks NEW YORK Mar. 11 "P).—National As sociation Securities Dealers. Inc : Bid Asked. Rk of Am NTS (SF) (1.40) 471, »(>»« Bank of Man (.ROal n>4 *>4 Bank of N Y 114) ... 307 4(1!) Bankers Tr (1 40) _ So>4 S1*4 Brooklyn Tr (4) ltd 101 Cen Han Bk A- Tr (4)_ ok1, inl>/„ Chase Nat (1.40) _ 38*, 4I)1, Chem Bk & fh (1.80) __ 40', ft 1 'A Commercial U.rtOi __ _ 4ft1, 48‘4 Cont Bk Sr Tr (.80) ID1, 11', Cont 111 Chi <41 92>, ft.ft), Corn Ex Bk A Tr CJ.40)_ 4(1'/j 40 Empire Tr (3) _ 7ft1 a 70'a First Nat (Bosi (2) _ 48’, So’, First Nat Chi )8) _ 118 133 First Nat N Y )80) _ _1580 1(110 Guaranty Tr (12) _ 308>/a 31fi'i Irvin* Tr (.HO) 14'A 1ft1,4 Kings County (SO) _ _1500 Lawyers Trust (1) 3HV, 30>A Manufacturers Tr (2) _ 48 fto)/, Manufacturers Tr pf (2). _ SI1, ft.'t>, National City (1) _ 3ft*, 37*« N Y Trust <3Va) _ 04 08 Public (Hi) _ __a.. 38’« 30',' Title G&T rt f)»4 United States (HOa) _144ft 1490 a Also extra or extras,_ B. & 0. Loadings Gain BALTIMORE, Mar. 21 (Special). —Carloads handled by the Balti more & Ohio during the week ended March 18 totaled 71,083. against 70, 933 in the previous week and 70,257 in th elike 1943 week. On Business And Investment Properties Construction Loons Refinancing Prompt Action H. CLIFFORD BANDS 200 Investment Bldg., Met. 0240 Loan Correspondent Home Life Insurance Co. Chicago Livestock CHICAGO, Mur. 21 <-P> iWPAl —«*laM« hots. 24.000: total. 32 000 slow. 10-30 lower, closlnt 15-30 off. with Indication* around 8.000 unsold: sood and choice l!»(i-35o Pounds 14.00-35. top 14,30. paid early: tood and choice ldo-ioo pounds. 13.25-14.10: sows, 10-15 lower tood and choice .150-550, pounds, 13 85-00: choice llaht weights to 14 no Salable cattle. 8.500: salable calves. 1.500: good and choice fed steers and yearlings strong to shade higher, medium grades steady irade only moderately ac tlve killing duality mostly medium to good; bulk 13.25-18.00: 10.85 bid on choice weighty steers, several loads strictly good and choice long yearling* and U.-ht steers. 1 (»()()-(!,i: all other classes fullv stead-, with bulls cutely scarce and Instances 10-15 hint., r: best heifers. 15.50: bulk 12.. 5-1 0.25: cutter cows. 8 50 down: most beef cows. 1100-11.50: strictly good kinds sparingly to 13.50: heavy sausage bulls sold up to 11.00 and heavy fa' bulls to 13.00: vealers ff-m at 15.50 down, odd head choice offerings. 18.00. Salable sheep. 5.000; total. 5.000. 'Go ds v s trade- Slaughter lambs opening steady to 15 lower; two loads good and choice, mostly good grade Colorado fed iambs. 18 25: load or so held sllahtly high er. some Western medium and good wooled lambs. 15 ,5: load mixed grade medltm to choice shorn buck lambs with No. 1 pelts. 1.1.. .y. sheep practically absent. Washington Produce From the War Food Administration, paid net f o b. Washington. EGGS—-Market steady Price* paid for Federal-State graded eggs received from grading stations (March 21): Whites— U 8 grade A. large. 37: U. S grade A. medium. 30-32' average. 31‘g U S grade B. large, 33-35: average. 35: U. 8. grade C. 30 Browns—U. S grade A. large. 3<: U. 8. grade A medium, 32; 2i. 8-yy*rSde % »♦-•«*: average. 34‘a. U. S grade C. 27. Mixed colors—■ U S grade A. large 37: U. 8. grade A, medium. 32. Current receipts—Nearby ungraded eggs whites and mixed colors. -10-.il Receipts, Government-graded eggs. 303 cases LIVE POULTRY—Market firm Receipts light. Prices paid net f o b Washington (permitted transportation charges Includ ed according mileage). Broilers and frv ers. 28^-30; fowl. 20'g-28; rooster*. i ; is i ■ : I Hate *lUebe STOCKS? Southern Pacific General Elec. New York Cent’l North Am. Co. Southern R’way StdL Oil of N. Js Phillips Pet. DuPont American Sugar Nat’l Dairy Pr. Borg Warner U. S. Steel Johna-Manville Bucynis-Erie IMELY comment on the out- ' look for these active issues, in* eluding a chart of the Dow, Jones Industrials from 1875 to date, showing market action in previous war and postwar periods, appears in the current UNITED OPINION Bulletin. Send for Bulletin WA-67 United Bu$ines$aServi<s !JJ *Pi"- ■ ssmmcsb.i «»— 7 Air advertisement appears as a matter of record only and is under no circumstances to be construed at an oferinr aj these shares for sale, or as an ofer to buy, or as a solicitation of an ofer to buy, any of such shares. The tferinj is made only by the Prospectus. Adt a Nev Issue 120,500 Shares S Hart, Schaffner & Marx i Common Stock $1# Par Value 1 ii i Price: $25% per Share “ _ 10 £ d br Cepies ej the Prespeetus msy he obtained Jr 9 m Any 9J the undersigned. FI li ft Blyth & Co., Inc. i A. G. Becker k Co. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner k Beane ?« Ia—r—ritid • '1 Johnston, Lemon & Co. March 21, 1h44. V 'Ihis advertisement appears as a matter of record only and is under no circumstances to it construed as an offering oj these shares for sale, or as an offer to iuy, or at a solicitation of an offer to iuy any of such sharet. Not a New Issue 704,121 Shares The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company Common Stock Price: $46% per Share Blyth & Co., Inc. March 21, 1144.