A—2 ** THE EVENING
Threat of Third Party
Seen in Willkie Talk
On Republican Policy
Bv GOULD LINCOLN,
Star Staff Correspondent
RIPON. Wis., Mar, 21.—Wen
dell L. Willkie has warned the
Republican party against nomi
nating an ultra-conservative
presidential candidate out of
touch with the times, and cou
pled with this an intimation
that if it does so he or some
other leader may be forced to
start a third-party movement.
The 1940 nominee replied in
strong words to his critics in the
extreme right wing of the party in
a speech last night in this city,
which many regard as the birth
place of the Republican party.
Mr. Willkie, it is known, is not
planning now to sponsor a third
party in case he or some one ap
proved by him is not nominated.
However, a strong intimation that
circmmstances might dictate such a
departure was seen in his praise of
the liberal Republicans" who, in
1872, as a protect, against the cor
ruption of the Grant administra
tion, held a separate convention at
which they nominated Horace Gree
ley. He also praised the revolt in
1912 of Theodore Roosevelt and his
Bull Moose party.
Slates Three Talks Today.
Before speaking here. Mr. Willkie
yesterday addressed meetings at
Oshkosh and Fon du Lac. Today he
will address a chapel session at
Lawrence College, Appleton, then
an Appleton luncheon meeting and
later a night meeting at Green Bay.
Last night Mr. Willkie said the
Republican party "must oppose to
the utmost that party and those
men who. under whatever guise or
slogans, either designedly or as a
consequence of the policies they
preach, would take America further
along the road of a society con
trolled by government with incen
tives deadened and freedoms dis
nm^>Ung backward.” said Mr.
Willkie. “some may condemn Mr.
Roosevelt for the split that he
caused. Yet we cannot but admire
him for the courage with which he
held his convictions and we must
be grateful to him for the many
reforms which we now take for
Recalls Taft. Root Ideals.
“A more successful ideological
movement (though this, too, met
with defeat in its proposed forms)
was the new international view
point introduced in the beginning of
this century by such men as Messrs.
Root and Taft, who were regulars
of the regular. We must not forget
that William Howard Taft was the
first president of the League to En
force Peace, which was the germ of
the League of Nations. And the
ideas propounded by Elihu Root,
concerning international law. are
today practical problems that we
“I have cited these instances to
show that a vital political party is
not—cannot be—a rigid’s mechan
ism. It must perpetually generate
within itself the principles of its
Mr. Willkie declared that one of
the fundamental issues of the day
is the relationship of government
to the economic and social well
being of its citizens. The Repub
lican party, he said, was founded
upon the principle of human free
dom and remained in power during
most of the period of America’s
amazing industrial development.
Destruction of Incentive.
The New Deal administration, Mr.
Willkie contended, adopted and ex
ploited the thesis that the cure for
all evils lay in Government control.
It gradually led toward the destruc
tion of the incentive system and the
eventual adoption of a Government
"Although it adopted many social
advances,” he continued, “it based
its beautiful house on the sands of
constantly increasing Government
“The total result, consistently
forced by the administration, has
been the illusion that there is an
irrespressible and inevitable conflict
between a society built up on eco
nomic incentive and a society of
“This is not alone false; it is im
possible in a free society. Too long
and too often have we been led to
regard human values as the opposite
rather than the supplement of the
incentive system. We have been
presented with the two as alterna
“Do you w'ant security, or initia
“Do you want protection, or ad
District of Columbia—Fair; low
est temperature tonight near 28 de
grees. Tomorrow increasing cloudi
ness and continued rather cool.
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers
cloudy at Harpers Ferry. Potomac
muddy at Great Falls.
Report for Last 24 Hours.
4 p.m. -- 3]
8 p.m. _ 3]
Midnight _ “ go
4 a m.- 30
8 a m._ at
Noon _ _ " 3g
Record for Last 7t Hours.
'From noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest, 36, 1! :5ft a m. Year ago. 44.
Lowest. 29, 2: IS a m Year ago. 30.
Record Temneralares This Year.
Highest. RO. on March 16.
Lowest. 17, on January 2.
Humidity for Last 24 Hours
• From noon yesterday to noon today )
Highest. i»4 per cent, at 2:oo pm
Lowest, 80 per cent, at 8:30 a m.
(Furnished by United States Coast
and Geodetic Survey.)
. Today. Tomorrow
High -6:13 am. 7 11 am.
Low -- 12:59 p.m. 1:34 a m
High 6 4! p m. 7 38 p m.
Low - 2 :oo p m.
The Sun and Moon.
Sun. today 7:10 7 ,;i
Sun. tomorrow 7:08 7 '.’2
Moon, today 5:30 a m. 4 :o(i p m
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-half hour after sunset.
Monthly precipitation in Inches In the
Capital (current month to date)
1944. Average. Record.
January _ 2.90 3 55 7 83 '37
February .__ 2 48 3.27 6 84 '84
March - . 3.70 3 75 8 84 '91
April _ 3.27 9.13 '89
May _ _ 3.70 10.09 '89
June -- - 4 13 10.94 '00
July -- 4.71 10.03 '80
August -- 4 til 14 41 ’28
September . ... 3.24 17 45 '34
October _ _ 2>4 8.81 -37
November ...... 2.37 8.69 '89
December 3.32 7.56 '01
Weather In Various Cities.
Temp -- Precipi
Statlons. High. Low. tat Ion
Albany. NY . 26 24 0.13
Atlanta, Ga .... 49 37
Baltimore. Md. 32 29 0.20
Boston. Mass. _ 3o 23 0.63
Chicago. I!!, . .... 36 24
Cclunwnif Ohio _ 34 29 (1.04
Detroit. Mich _ 33 24
Duluth. Minn ,_ 30 23
Indianapolis. Ind._ 31 21 0.04
Key West. Fia. . _ 86 TO
Miami. Fla _ . 85 74
New York, NY_ 31 28 0 12
Pittsburgh, Fa. . _ 59 57 0 15
Reno, Nev. . .._ 46 23
Balt Lake City, Utah .. 35 29 0 §4
Ban Francisco. Calif._ 60 47 . ..
TROOPS IN BURMA SUPPLIED BY AIR—Air transport solves the vital problem of supplying
American troops fighting the Japs in Burma jungles. At top, infantrymen wait at the edge of
a clearing for parachutes bearing supplies to reach the ground. At bottom, an infantryman
unpacks ammunition from one of the “chutes.” These troops are called “Merrill’s Marauders,”
for their commander. Brig. Gen. Frank Merrill. _A. P. Wirephoto.
- 4-- -— ■■■ ■ - - -.
Allies Capture Base
In Northeast Burma;
Japs Drive on India
By the Associated Pres*.
NEW DELHI, Mar. 21.—Allied
troops have captured the impor
tant communications center of
Sumprabum in Northeast Burma,
but a strong Japanese force la
continuing its drive toward India
from its crossing of the Chind
win River, Southeast Asia head
quarters announced today.
Gurka and Kashin native troops,
operating with the Chinese-Ameri
can forces under Lt. Gen. Joseph W.
Stilwell, took Sumprabum and re
occupied Pinsau Ga to the south
east. Cumprabum is in the upper
Mali Kha River Valley, about 70
miles from the border of China’s
Few Details of Jap Offensive.
The Mali Kha River has a narrow
valley that twists south to Myitky
ina, also the objective of the Chi
nese-American forces who threw the
Japanese out of the Hukawng Val
ley, just west, and yesterday an
nounced the capture of Jambu Bum
and the northern end of the Mo
gaung River Valley, which also de
bouches at Myltkyina.
The Southeastern Asia Command
headquarters communique gave few
details on the double-pronged Jap
anese offensive in the Upper Chind
win area and the Chin Hills sector,
roughly 150 miles southwest, but
said that north of Tiddim, on the
Chin Hills front, Allied forces re
pulsed two Japanese attempts to
advance. One effort was an attack
in force and the second was an at
tempt at infiltration of Allied lines.
West of the Chindwin River
'where the Japanese were pre
viously reported crossing between
Homalin and Timanthi) the "gen
eral westward movement of the en
emy was continued." Or e of their
columns was engaged on Monday by
Allied troops, and fighting con
tinues, headquarters announced.
Enemy Tanks Knocked Out.
The headquarters report also hint
ed at an important engagement in
the Kabaw Valley, just east of the
Chin Hills and roughly 100 miles
due south of Homalin, in noting that
"there has been a tank action in
which a number of enemy tanks
were knocked out and one was cap
Allied commanders, while not dis
counting the threat of the Japanese
movement in force toward Imphal
and other communications bases
in India, nevertheless welcomed a
decisive test against Japanese forces
in the area.
The communique again did not
mention activities of the airborne
force which landed 150 miles be
hind the Japanese lines southeast
of Myitkyina on March 5.
Lt. George W. Rutledge
Missing After Reich Raid
Lt. Gporge W. Rutledge, 25, Lib
erator bomber pilot, has been miss
ing in action over Germany since
February 24. the War Department
has informed his wife, Mrs. Virginia
Rutledge, 212 Adams street, Alex
A story a month ago from Eng
land, where the flyer was based,
told how he safely landed a burn
ing plane, saving the crew. Dur
ing a raid on Germany, the report
said, the plane was hit by an en
emy shell, causing its pilot to ‘'black
out.” Lt. Rutledge, who was co
pilot. took over the controls of the
burning craft and brought it to base.
A native of Schuyler, Va., Lt. Rut
ledge attended George Washing
ton Higli School and was employed
by a heating concern before enter
ing aviation cadet training in 1942.
He is the son of Mrs. Harvey Cross,
Fairfax, Va, A brother, Robert Rut
ledge, is serving with the Army in
the Southwest Pacific. Lt. Rutledge
has an infant son.
U. S. Civilian Flees Philippines,
Hides From Japs for 18 Months
By the Associated Press.
SEATTLE, Mar. 21.—One of the
first instances of the escape of an
American civilian from the Philip
pine Islands since their fall to Japan
was reported today on the arrival
of Chester M. Peters, 32, formerly
Mr. Peters’ return culminated a
year and a half of hunted living
from island to Island, and part of
his experiences were approved for
publication by the Office of Censor
In an interview with the Post
Intelligencer, Mr. Peters said a
friend, who was afraid to risk
escape, loaned him a small boat. He
hugged the shore line of a harbor to
miss mines and traveled over water
to reach a still uninvaded island In
1942. In about three months the
Japanese came there, too, and from
then on Mr. Peters was always in
‘‘Thousands of Filipinos took to
the hills. There was confusion all
over the islands. Towns were evac
uated and then re-established. Peo
ple were always coming and going."
Mr. Peters finally arrived in Aus
tralia. The Army arranged for Mr.
Peters’ transportation to the States
from Australia, and the Red Cross
lent him the money to come to Se
attle to see his mother, Mrs. Myra
New Commanding Officer
Takes Over Prison Camp
By the Associated Press.
PHOENIX, Ariz., Mar. 21.—Lt. Col.
George Barber yesterday succeeded
Col. Allen H. Means as commanding
officer of nearby Papago Park in
ternment camp, where 11 German
war prisoners escaped and 1 was
found hanged in the last two
The fugitives were apprehended
in various parts of Arizona and
Mexico. The hanging is under in
vestigation by a board of officers.
Col. Means was transferred to an
unannounced assignment at Port
DAR Gift to Red Cross
Displayed at Meeting
A $1,700 station wagon given by
them to the American Red Cross
and already in service with a blood
donor unit was displayed today for
the first time to members of the
District Daughters of the American
Revolution at their 43d annual
Mrs. Arthur C. Houghton, chair
man of the National Defense Com
mittee, which arranged the gift,
said the station wagon was used to
transport doctors and nurses to staff
the $2,300 mobile blood donor unit
which was presented by the chapter
to the Red Cross a year ago.
The three-day State conference
was scheduled to close late today,
with an announcement of the names
of new officers. Mrs. Geoffrey
Creiyke, retiring State regent, a
native of Virginia, was presented
with a silver sugar bowl fashioned
more than 150 years ago by Adam
Lynn, a Virginia silversmith. The
bowl will be placed in honor of Mrs.
Creiyke in the museum maintained
by the DAR in Memorial Continental
Hall, where the conference has been
Mrs. Henry M. Robert, jr., past
president general of the national
DAR. urged delegates to avoid com
plaints about minor war inconven
iences. She said she, for example,
used to complain about shoe ration
ing until she saw a returned service
man who had lost both feet.
DE Ship With Negro Crew
Commissioned in Boston
! Bs the Afsoeleted Press.
BOSTON, Mar. 21.—The destroyer
escort Mason—first American naval
vessel with a predominantly Negro
crew—has been commissioned at
the Boston Navy Yard.
Lt. Comdr. William M. Blackford
of Seattle assumed command of the
ship yesterday as soon as Capt.
Ronan C. Grady, yard captain, pub
lished the commissioning orders of
the Navy Department.
Naval authorities said that at
present the crew of the Mason con
sists of 160 Negroes and 44 whites.
The destroyer escort is one of two
new antisubmarine vessels whose
crews will be largely composed of
Negroes. The other is a patrol
chaser under construction at the
Consolidated Shipbuilding Corp.,
Morris Heights, N. Y.
D. C. Red Cross Drive
Is Expected to Pass
Halfway Mark Today
The District Red Cross Fund cam
paign is expected to pass the half
way mark of the $2,665,000 quota
today when the Government, gen
eral business and special gifts divi
sions report at a noon luncheon
Yesterday's reports from residen
tial, city and nearby Maryland and
Virginia area divisions brought the
overall total to $1,226,635, or 46.03
per cent of the goal, representing
Lt. Comdr. John D. Bulkeley. Ba
taan hero, and Undersecretary of
the Navy Forrestal will speak at to
Reporting for the residential divi
sion, Martin T. Wiegand, chairman,
said his unit had collected an addi
tional $29,141 over the week end to
bring its total to $160,943 or 53,67 per
cent of the $299,890 quota with
10,323 donors to date.
Barnum L. Colton, chairman of
the city division, made up of local
firms employing less than 15 per
sons, reported that his group had
collected $40,445 since last Thurs
day, bringing the total subscription
to date to $133,000, or 55 per cent of
the $239,361 quota.
Other areas reporting were Ar
lington County, with $2,817, bring
ing its total to $24,356, or 59 per cent
of the $42,200 goal, and Montgomery
County with $5,000, raising the total
subscription to $30,255 or 39.14 per
cent of its $77,285 quota.
There were no reports yesterday
on additional gift# from Fairfax and
Prince Georges Counties and the
city of Alexandria.
Closing of Eire Border
Special Cable to The Star and Chicago
LONDON. Mar. 21.—The border
between Northern Ireland and Eire
is being closed almost immediately,
according to latest reports here.
People arriving in Belfast from
Dublin report huge crowds attempt
ing to get into some of the last
trains to leave Eire's capital.
There has been no official an
nouncement that the border is to
be closed, but the possibility has
been hinted at by Prime Minister
(Copyright, 1044. Chicago Daily News, Inc.)
Congress in Brief
By the Associated Press.
May open debate on amendment
to strip TVA of revolving fund.
Banking Committee hears Col.
Bryan Houston, OPA's deputy ad
ministrator for rationing.
Military Affairs Committee con
siders legislation to prohibit per
manent rank promotions for gen
erals until war ends.
Continues debate on legislation
to authorize river and harbor im
Foreign Affairs Committee con
siders renewal of Lease-Lend Ad
Oklahoma House Seat
In Danger, Democrats
Call Barkley for Help
By the Associated Press.
The Democratic National Commit
tee today called on Senate Majority
Leader Barkley to help It hold a
congressional seat in the 2d Okla
The Kentuckian, whose recent
break with President Roosevelt over
the tax bill veto apparently has
been mended, said he would wind up
a special election campaign there
with two speeches Monday. The
election is Tuesday.
His entry into the contest, in a
district which has been traditionally
Democratic, was viewed by Repub
licans here as an indication of party
"It looks like the Democrats are
getting pretty scared, and I think
they have a right to be, because I
believe we are going to carry Okla
homa in November,” commented
Senator Wherry, Republican, Ne
The Democratic candidate for the
House vacancy caused by the resig
ns tion of Jack Nichols, Democrat,
is W. G. Stigler. His Republican
opponent is E. O. Clark.
Senator Moore, Republican, of
Oklahoma, one of the severest con
gressional critics of the administra
tion, already is campaigning there
for Mr. Clark and, meanwhile, Sen
ator O'Daniel, Democrat, of Texas
joined forces with the Republicans.
The Texan, another New Deal
critic, accepted an invitation to
speak at Muskogee, Okla., Thurs
day night in behalf of Mr. Clark.
The Democrats previously had
called Senator Thomas and Rep
resentative Monroney, Oklahoma
Democrats, back home to enter the
60-Day Stay Granted
Quarry Case Slayer
By the Associated Press.
RICHMOND, Va„ Mar. 21.—Wal
ter Paul Harrison, 31, streetcar mo
torman convicted and sentenced to
die for the murder of his wife, was
granted a 60-day stay of execution
yesterday by Gov. Darden to permit
counsel for defense to file an appeal
to the Virginia Supreme Court of
Defense Attorneys A. Clair Sager
and Leith Bremner said the petition
for a writ of error would be filed
with the clerk of the Supreme Court
by next week.
Harrison was convicted by a jury
in Hustings Court, Part II, on Sep
tember 25 on a charge that he mur
dered his wife, Mrs. Mary Estelle
Harrison, mother of five children.
Mrs. Harrison and lour of her five
children were drowned in an aban
doned quarry south of the city last
The new execution date has been
set for May 26.
FIFTH ARMY ENTERS CASSINO—Armored vehicles of the 5th Army, including some carrying
Red Cross banners, pictured entering battered Cassino after terrific bombardment. German
snipers, mortar and machine-gun nests impede their progress. Rubble of buildings is seen on
skyline and at right. —A. P. Photo via Signal Corps Radio.
Capt. Farrell Killed
In Italian Action
Capt. Thomas F. Farrell, jr„ 23,
son of Brig. Gen. and Mrs. T. F.
Farrell, formerly of Washington,
was killed in action February 25 in
Italy, the War Department has
notified his parents.
Capt. Farrell, who won the Dis
tinguished Service Cross "for ex
traordniary heroism” in Sicily, was a
member of the West Point football
team and a 1942 graduate. He was
a company commander in an engi
neer’s combat regiment in Italy and
participated in the North African.
Sicilian and Italian Invasions.
The DSC citation stated that
Capt. Farrell, soon after landing in
Sicily encountered machine-gun
fire while setting up landing mark
ers on the beach. Capt. Farrell,
with two of his men, assaulted the
emplacements, throwing hand gre
nades into the machine-gun nests.
Firing on those escaping, he killed
one and wounded another. He then
entered another emplacement and
took 12 prisoners.
Gen. Farrell, who was with the
Office of the Chief of Engineers
here until he went overseas in No
vember, is now with headquarters
of Army Service Force* in the
China-Burma-India theater. While
in Washington, Gen. and Mrs. Far
rell lived at 5014 Glenbrook terrace
N.W. Mrs. Farrell is now living at
their home in Albany, N. Y.
Hudson Day Boat,
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Mar. 21.—For the
second time in 24 years the Hudson
River day liner De Witt Clinton is
back in the troop transport service.
In face-lifting operations at a
Bethlehem Steel Co. East Coast ship
repair yard, her wooden decks on
which thousands of passengers
crowded during 20 years’ service on
the river run have been replaced by
a steel superstructure.
As the S. S. Manhattan, the steel
twin-screw 320-foot vessel carried
thousands of troops to France in the
World War without a single mishap
and in the face of several enemy
attacks. Her new name was not re
Fourth Term Indorsed
By Missouri Democrats
By the Aseoci&ted Press.
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., Mar. 21.
—The Missouri Democratic State
Committee, meeting to arrange for
the party State convention, adopted
a resolution yesterday indorsing
President Roosevelt for a fourth
Because of transportation difficul
ties, the committee decided to reduce
the number of delegates to the State
convention here May 8 to 950, com
pared with 2,600 four years ago.
Presidential delegates will be chosen
at the State convention.
Chaplin Trial Opens
In Los Angeles
By the Associated Pres*.
LOS ANGELES, Mar. 21.—Charlea
Chaplin, film comedian and pro
ducer, was summoned for trial today
on charges that he twice violated
the Mann Act in 1942.
The wealthy 54-year-old comic is
charged with transporting Joan
Berry, 24, from Los Angeles to New
York City in October, 1942, for im
moral purposes. A second count
charges that he later returned her
to Hollywood for the same purposes.
Judge J. F. T. O’Connor will pre
side in the case, which United States
Attorney Charles Carr and Chap
lin's attorney, Jerry Glesler, have
estimated may require a week to
10 days to try.
Chaplin still faces a separate in
dictment in which he is charged
with conspiracy to deprive Miss
Berry of her civil rights.
A civil case, also the outgrowth
of Chaplin’s purported acquaintance
with the young woman, who say* die
was his dramatic student at one
time, is pending, in which she seeks
to have him named as the father
of her daughter, Carol Ann, S
Holt's Nomination Approved
The Senate Judiciary Committee
approved yesterday the nomination
of Harry H. Holt, jr., to be United
States attorney for Eastern Virginia.
It means a lot for a boy In the
service to talk to his friends and
family back home. Usually the
best time he has to do that is in
How about giving him a break
by not using Long Distance
from 7 to 10 P. M. unless it Is
The Chesapeake and Potomac
Support the Red Cross War Fund
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