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Cloudy; low near 34 tonight. Tomorrow cloudy, warmer, occasional rain. Temperatures today—Highest, 46. at 1:30 p.m.: lowest, 31, at 6:55 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 34, at 10 a.m.; low est. 29. at 2:15 a.m. _Lote New York Morkets, Page A-17,_ Guide for Readers Page Amusements A-12-13 Comics_B-22-23 Editorials .A-8 Editl Articles . A-9 Finance . A-17 Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary .A-10 Radio .B-23 Society.B-3 Sports.A-14-15 Where to Go .. B-* Woman s Page B-l* An Associoted Press Newspoper yja ij^ak. .\o. ob,4b4. _ASHEN G10:S, D. C., WEDNESDAY. MARCH 22. 1944—FORTY-TWO PAGES. *** Washington rnn 13 Tp-rp /"1 TpXTrPO MVE CENT* and Suburb* -*■ n u DJL V^tiXN J. O. EUewher* 1,250 U. S. Planes Batter Berlin, Dropping 1,500 Tons of Bombs; Nazis Act to Call Rome Open City 100 Nazi Aircraft Raid London in Night Attack B? the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 22.—More than 1,250 American planes showered new destruction on Berlin today, returning to the German capital for the first time since March 9. They dropped propably 1,500 tons of bombs. "Strong forces" of Liberators and Fortresses attacked industrial and military targets In Berlin, United States Air headquarters announced, Indicating that 500 to 750 heavv bombers made the 1.150-mile round trip. Many hundreds of Thunder bolt, Lightning and Mustang fighter planes accompanied them. Fifth 11. S. Attack on Berlin. It was estimated that 750 to 1.000 fighter planes took part, making the total force between 1.250 and 1,750 planes. This W'as the fifth American heavy bomber attack against Berlin. Lightning fighter planes started the attacks with an offensive sweep March 3. A small force of Fortresses bombed the Berlin district the next day and on March 6 about 850 heavy bombers dropped 2,000 tons of bombs on special targets there. Several hundred bombers made return visits March 8 and 9. Mosquito bombers struck in West ern Germany last night. 100 Nasi Planes Raid London. The RAFs night operations, com ing at the same time about 100 Ger man warplanes were subjecting London to a sharp attack, were carried out without loss of a plane, the Air Ministry said. These op erations included the laying of mines in enemy waters. American Mustang pilots who strafed enemy airdromes in a sweep yesterday over 450 miles of Southwestern France almost bagged an average of one plane apiece. A communique last night an nounced destruction of 20 German planes—11 in the air and 9 on the ground—by the formation of swift Mustangs, estimated at about 25. Seven Mustangs were lost. The Mustangs, heretofore used chiefly as long-range bomber es corts, swept over the region from Paris to the Spanish border, while American Liberators were taking another whack at the Pas-de-Calais invasion coast The heavy bomb ers returned without loss. Damage Inflicted on London. In their attack last night the Germans caused casualties and damage in a number of sections of London. Bombs also were dropped at scat tered points in East Anglia and Southeast England. Nine of the raiders were shot down, a com munique said. British night fighters and a heavy anti-aircraft barrage apparently forced many of the attackers to jet tison their bombs haphazardly m the London suburbs, but many nev ertheless fell in the city. Rescue workers still were digging for victims in the ruins of smashed homes at midday. It was believed, however, that the death list would not be nearly as heavy as in some of the February raids. Historic old Harrow—Prime Min ister Churchill's school—was dam aged by a fire bomb shower in a recent night raid, it was announced yesterday. Jap Raiding Columns Penetrate Into India Cross 'at One or Two Places' in Burma Drive By the Associated Press. NEW DELHI. Mar. 22— Japanese troops, striking out in a major offen sive. have penetrated into India, it was officially announced today, crossing into the Indian state of Manipur ‘‘at one or two places” from Northern Burma. (This was the first Allied ac knowledgment of Japanese pene tration of India. The Berlin radio in May, 1942, had reported Japanese crossings of the frontier, quoting Tokio dispatches, but such claims never were heard directly from Japanese sources.) The Japanese forces, described as "raiding columns,” crossed the Chindwin River apparently at night and advanced practically unmolest ed, with the Jungle cloaking their operations. Allied headquarters said. For their drive against India, the Japanese chose the same general route over which Gen. Sir Harold L. Alexander withdrew his mam forces in 1942 when the enemy over ran Burma. Manipur is ruled by a Hindu maharaja and is bordered by Assam and Burma. “At some points” the Japanese "are in contact with our advanced patrols,” today’s Southeast Asia Command communique said. On the North Burma front. Ad miral Lord Louis Mountbatten’s headquarters said, the Chinese 22d Division continued its drive south ward from Hukawng Valley to the Mogaung Valley, and forward ele ments are ’’fighting along the road south of the highest point on the pass over Jambu Bum.” Tojo Sees Japan Facing Fate-Deciding Battles Bt the Associated Press. LONDON. Mar. 22 -—Premier Gen. Hideki Tojo told the Japanese Diet today that Japan's military posi tion in the last few months has become grave and the empire now is lacing battles which will decide its fate, the Berlin radio said to day. ► •-, Plans to Withdraw Installations Are Announced in Broadcast Move Is Taken to Put Responsibility For Bombing City Entirely on Allies By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 22.—The Ger man-controlled Rome radio an nounced today that the Germans would withdraw all military in stallations from Rome and would divert all military traffic from the city, in an effort to place responsibility for bombings en tirely on the Allies. The broadcast apparently souglfi to declare Rome an open city. Such a declaration would have to be ac cepted fv the Allies to make it binding. The Badoglio government of Italy sought to declare Rome an open city before Marshal Badoglio capitulated last September. Today’s Rome broadcast said: "So that responsibility for the bombing of Rome will remain en tirely with the Allies, the German command in the next few days will scrupulously withdraw from Rome every installation which could serve as the slightest pretext for air terror, and will still further deviate military transports from the Eternal City.” Secretary of State Hull last August 25 told a press conference in Wash ington that the Allies had not as certained that Rome had been de militarized to make it an open city, and hence the Allies could not con sider it as such. After the earlier Italian announce ment that Rome would be made an open city, all Allied capitals viewed the statement with skepticism. It was emphasized that Allied com manders would have to be shown that the entire military establish ment. transport facilities and war factories had been removed before Rome could be freed of the threat of attack. After the Italian capitulation, German forces seized Rome on the pretext of protecting it, and they later centered north and central Italian defense communications there. Railroad yards in the Rome area have been bombed repeatedly by the Allies. Marine Forces Land 580 Miles From Truk In St. Matthias Isles Thousands of Japanese Cut Off; Bombardment Almost Erases Kavieng (Map on Page A-6.) By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Southwest Pacific, Mar. 22.—The snapping shut of an invasion ring around thousands of Japa nese at Rabaul, Kavieng and in the Solomons by marine land ings in the St. Matthias Islands, 580 miles south of Truk, was dis closed today by Gen. Douglas MacArthur. The fiat island of Emirau, a po tential air base, and nearby Elomu sao were occupied easily Monday by ground forces from the Solomons, who thus shot the front line of Admiral William F. Halsey from the Green Islands on past the length of New Ireland to a near juncture with Gen. MacArthur's conquerors of the Admiralities. While the invaders, aided by air and naval cover, brushed aside light opposition, the town of Kavieng on New Ireland. 84 miles to the south east of the St. Matthias group, vir tually was erased In a three and one-half hour bombardment. Big American battleships, making their first appearance in the Bismarck Sea. joined other warships in hurl ing 1,000 tons of shells. In Bombing Range of Truk. The leapfrog thrust into the St. Matthias group, made possible by air and naval neutralization of the intervening bases of Rabaul and Kavieng. "completes isolation of all enemy bases in the Bismarck Archi pelago and places us in bombing range of Truk,” Gen. MacArthur said. The strangulation noose—air bases won by amphibious invasions dating back to November—extends clock wise through the Green Islands. Em press Augusta Bay on Bougainville, Western New Britain, the New Guinea coast past. Saidor. the Admi ralty Islands, 155 miles east to St. Matthias, and back to the Green [Islands. The invaders of St. Matthias are nearer Truk than any other Allied forces. In the Western Marshalls, Central Pacific forces have an air base at Eniwetok. 750 miles 'land based bombing distance' east of Truk. Thus the time approaches when that Carolines naval base will be open to bombing attacks from two directions. The marines who went ashore on the 40-square-mile island of Emirau at dawn Monday encountered no fixed defenses as they seized a base with two harbors within 15 miles of the larger St. Matthias island of Mussau. Kavirng Heavily Blasted. The synchronized naval assault on Kavieng, which only the day and night before underwent preparatory air raids, was deadly. “Whole sections of the town were completely destroyed, ammunition dumps exploded and shore batteries silenced,” Gen MacArthui s com munique related. Also on the day before more ex plosives were poured down by Solo mons planes on Rabaul. where up ward of 1.000 Japanese aircraft have been destroyed, airfields wrecked and the harbor made untenable within a three-month period. President Improves, But Stays in Study President Roosevelt's cold is better today and his condition has im proved, Vice Admiral Ross T Mc Intire, his personal physician, re ported, but the President remained in his study at the White House in stead of going to the executive of fices. It was uncertain whether the Chief Executive would have any ap pointments, Secretary Stephen T Eaj-ly said. Because of the cold. Mr Roosevelt has had no appointments for two davs. Slow, Steady Progress In Cassino Reported By New Zealanders German Guns Continue To Rain Shells Into Ruined Fortress BULLETIN. WITH THE 5th ARMY AT CASSINO M3).—German forces made two counterattacks against Castle Hill behind Cassino today. Allied guns were brought up to fire at di rect range on the Continental Hotel. By the Associated Presa. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Mar. 22.—New Zealand troops of the 5th Army are mak ing slow but steady progress in savage hand-to-hand fighting in the southern section of Cassino, Allied headquarters announced today. Fighting equally as fierce raged in the hills to the west from which an estimated 30 pieces of German artil lery and many mortars cnotinued to rain shells into the ruined town. “Our efforts to clear the town oi Cassino and occupy the eastern slopes of dominating Monte Cas sino were pushed energetically against bitter enemy opposition and terrain difficulties Mondav and Tuesday,’’ a headquarters commen tator said. Near Nazi Strong Points. Allied troops holding one point on the Mount Cassino slopes were only 400 to 700 yards from two strong German points just west of the town, making it particularly difficult for Allied gunners* firing from the valley or the hills beyond, to neu tralize the enemy fire without en dangering their own men. The hand-to-hand fighting in Cassino's southern portion was of ficallv described as “very heavy. ’ German defense forces in Cassino were reinforced Monday by young Nazi parachute troops and units of an armored grenadier division, and the enemy has recaptured the Conti nental Hotel wreckage. More Prisoners Taken. An official announcement said ad ditional German prisoners have been taken, increasing to 238 the total captured since the battle began a week ago. On the Mount Cassino slopes Brit ish troops made a determined at tack on two German points last night and were making good progress until they ran into a mine field Meanwhile, the Germans starting infiltrating down a gulch toward the British-held hill, forcing the attackers to return to their base. Other Allied troops made a foray to a second German-held point about 1,000 yards from their own • See ITALY, Page A-16.1 I r ’ ~ ~ Germans Step Up Occupation of Balkan States Strategic Centers in Bulgaria and Rumania Reported Seized By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 22.—German troops, already in control in Hungary, were reported moving today to extend full military oc cupation to Bulgaria and Ru mania, and the Turkish radio expressed the view Hitler soon would place all three countries under one command “to inten sify the German war effort in Southeast Europe.” Advices from neutral capitals in dicated the Nazi divisions were seizing strategic military and civil administration centers with all the speed and ruthlessness that char acterized German troop movements at the start of the war. Except for minor cases of resist ance the occupying forces appar ently were having things all their own way. Bulgarian Cabinet Meets. The Bulgarian Cabinet was said by the Ankara radio to have met in prolonged session yesterday to dis cuss German demands for active help in the Nazi war against Rus sia. Bulgaria, at war with Britain and the United States, never has interrupted relations with Russia, long her friend and champion. London morning newspapers pub lished Ankara dispatches saying it was reported there that Premier Ion Antonescu of Rumania was planning to seek an armistice vmh Russia, whose troops already are surging deeply into Bessarabia. Rumania was believed ready to re nounce all claim to Bessarabia as one of the armistice conditions, these dispatches said. A flood of reports about the sit uation in Hungary agreed on one point only —that 100,000 German troops now completely dominate the country with full control of all rail ways and communications. There were indications the Nazis were at tempting to set up a Quisling regime in Budapest. Further Steps Hinted. Berlin itself remained silent about what is proposed in the Balkans, altnough a Foreign Office spokesman indirectly intimated military occu pation of the entire area might be proposed. ‘Before present political develop ments aimed at strengthening Ger man defense forces there have been concluded no German statement may be expected,” he said, adding: ‘Germany's allies must now assume burdens equal to those borne by Germany.” As in the case of Hungary, swiftly occupied in a 36-hour coup early in the week, information about the sit uation in Rumania and Bulgaria was confused. The London Daily Mail said it was believed in Ankara that occupation of Rumania was imminent, if not actually in progress, and quoted un confirmed reports that four Ger man motorized divisions and several divisions of infantry were advancing toward Bucharest. All Under One Command. An Ankara broadcast included both Rumania and Bulgaria within a proposed German occupation area along with Hungary, with all three to be placed under command of one German commander in chief. The Ankara radio also said the Germans had seized control of Bulgarian postal and telegraph offices. < A Stockholm report relayed by the British radio and heard by CBS in New York said Mar shal Tito. Yugoslav Partisan leader, already was in contact “with the opposition in Hun gary and is organizing Partisan groups there" to resist the Nazi forces.) Hungarian sources in Stockholm expressed the belief that a secret organization known as "the Ragged Guards" would begin oprerating shortly against the Germans as a guerrilla army. Churchill Says Atlantic Charter Will Be Open to New Discussion By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 22.—Prime Min ister Churchill told Commons today there would be "renewed consulta tion between the principal Allies” on the application of the Atlantic Charter under the changing phases of the war. Mr Churchill did not elaborate whether these consultations might take the form of a new meeting of the Allied "big three"—as has been rumored His reference to the Atlantic Charter—on which he only last week refused to schedule an open debate in Commons—arose when member Daniel Lipson asked for a clarifying statement “in view of the doubts which existed as to what territories the principles of the At lantic Charter were to apply.” "It is evident that as the changing phases of the war succeed one an other. some further clarifications will b. required of the position un der the document which has be come honorably known as the At lantic Charter.” Mr. Cnurchill re plied "and that, this must be a sub ject for renewed consultation be tween the principal Allies. 'I am not prepared to embark on this subject at question time today further than to state that the Atlan tic Charter stands as a declaration of I he spirit and purpose in which its signatories are waging this war— not without success—and that it im plies no pact or bargain with our en emies. ” Mr. Churchill saia. Mr. Lipson asked. •’May we take it that means that the support of the government to the principles of the Atlantic Charter remains as strong today as when the document was drawn up?" I said I was not prepared to em bark on this subject at question time further than to make the par ticular statement I have made." Mr. Churchill replied, "but it implies no contradiction of the question that I do not wish to add to what I have said." Mr, Churchill made no further comment after Laborit.e Geoffrey Mander asked. "Will you make it perfectly clear that we shall not have to go down on our knees and ask for German consent to any al teration of her prewar boundaries?”I ( HELLO, COMMANDER!'' HAVE A SEAT...THIS IS A GOOD PLACE To WATCH ^ WENDELL WORK! fmmarnv 1 _- nn i i Reds Within 30 Miles Of Prut River Border Of Old Rumania Germans Pushed Back Toward Odessa Base In Drive From North By the Associated Press. LONDON, Mar. 22.—Russian armies smashing through Bes sarabia toward the Balkans have driven to within 30 miles of the Prut River border of Rumania, Moscow announced today, and other forces striking southward were reported within 48 miles of the major escape road for the thousands of Germans in the Odessa bottleneck. Reinforced by masses of tanks and irtillery pouring steadily across the Dniester River, the Russians slashed he Cernauti-Baltsky trunk railway n their advance toward the Prut, itarting line for the southern wave 3f the 1941 German invasion, a Soviet communique said. The Russian units sweeping south ward toward the vital Odessa-Tiras pol-Iasi railway also struck to with in 20 miles of another escape line for the Germans in the south. 300 More Towns Liberated. The Russians liberated 300 more towns and villages yesterday as they continued to pound the Germans sack along the 500-mile front from aid Poland to the Black Sea. The Soviet bulletin said the forces strik ing for Lwow. big Nazi communica tions hub in old Poland, had crushed into Lwow Province. The Russians were within 56 miles of Lwow itself. In the fighting in old Poland, the Russians said the Nazis threw in an infantry division "just arrived from Denmark," but several German counterattacks were repulsed and 300 of the enemy were killed. A battle of "unparalleled ferocity” was declared by the Germans to be raging around Kovel, an important rail junction 100 miles north of Lwow on the road to Warsaw, but the report was without Soviet con firmation. Kovel is 500 miles from Berlin, the same distance as the Allied invasion forces massed in Britain. Front Widened to 50 Miles. Crashing through Bessarabia on a front now widened to 50 miles, the communique said the Russians seized 40 more villages. The Rus sians have swept 25 miles west of Soroki. west bank Dneister town, which fell Sunday. As one Russian force swept southward in Bessarabia in a flank ing movement on Odessa. Gen. Rodion V. Malinovsky, a Stalingrad hero, sent his 3rd Ukrainian Army through 92 more villages, hurling the Germans back toward the big Black Sea base from the north, the Soviet bulletin declared German broadcasts indicated the Nazis were trying to 'disengage” themselves from the attacking Rus sians in this sector. Another U. S. Sub Lost, Fourth in Eight Days Scorpion and Crew of 75 Missing in Action B> the Associated Bless. Loss of the American submarine Scorpion, the fourth submersible listed overdue and presumed lost in eight days, was announced by the Navy today. The loss brings to 23 the number of American submarines sunk since the war started, all but three by enemy action. The Scorpion carried approxi mately 75 officers and men. all list ed as missing in action. Her skip per was Comdr. Maximilian G. Schmidt, whose wife, Mrs. Eliza beth H Schmidt, lives in Annapolis. Loss of the 1,525-ton submersible followed the disappearance of the Capelin and Sculpin, listed as lost last Saturday, and the Corvina, list ed March 14 as lost. New Coal Strike in Britain LONDON. Mar. 22 t/P>.—With Wales mines operating near normal after the return of all but a handful of 100,Out' strikers, a new pay dis pute developed last night in the Yorkshire coal fields and 14.000 men walked out. The walkout closed eight pits. Arnold Visions All-Woman U. S. Air Transport By the AssociateC Press. Envisioning a day not far away when the airlanes will be crowded with Army planes piloted by women. Gen. H. H. Arnold. Army Air Forces commander, told the House Military Affairs Committee today he expects to have all male flyers "out of the United States and get them over fighting." "It is not beyond all reltson to ex pect that some day all our air trans port service in the United States will be done by women,” Gen. Arnold said as he indorsed legislation to give Army status to the Women's Airforce Service Pilots, now com posed of 534 civilian women who ferry Army planes, make weather flights and even tow targets for machine gun practice. He emphasized that "it is not pro posed to send the WASPS into com bat fields.” Trial Board Verdict Fines Maghan $100, But Restores His Job Policeman Would Receive Pay Withheld While He Wqg Suspended A special civilian trial board today returned a verdict declar ing Policeman Robert J. Maghan, jr., guilty of drunkenness, but recommended that he be rein stated to the police force, from which he was suspended last December. The board, reporting its findings to Police Chief Edward J. Kelly after a long hearing, recommended that Policeman Maghan be fined $100 and proposed that the "order suspending Pvt. Maghan from duty be removed.” Pay withheld from him under the suspension order should be restored, after the amount of the fine has been deducted, the board said. Maghan was acquitted previously in Municipal Court on the same charge, Restored to Duty. Maj. Kelly announced this after noon that after sending the trial board's recommendations to the Dis trict Commissioners he had restored Maghan to duty and granted him five days’ leave of absence because of illness in his family. Maj. Kelly said Maghan and his attorney have five days to appeal the trial board's verdict if they wish to do so. The special civilian trial board which heard the case was the first of its kind in the District's history. Chairman Paul B. Cromelin of the special panel said that "everything was done with the greatest desire to be absolutely fair both to ihe prose cution and the defendant.” Neither Maghan nor his attorney was in Maj. Kelly's office when the verdict was announced. Before receiving the verdict. Maj. Kelly extended his thanks to mem bers of the panel, "who in these busy hours and days have given of their time unstintingly.” Maghan Demoted in October. "I appreciate everything you did in this rase,” he told members of the board, "because I feel the de fendant has received an impartial trial.” Maghan filed suit against several high-ranking police officials after he was demoted from detective sergeant to private last October. He subse quently was arrested on a drunken ness charge December 5 at Wiscon sin avenue and Bank street N.W. Maghan contended he was not in toxicated and that the arrest was a "frame-up.” Tito Reports Inflicting Heavy Losses on Enemy By t he Associated Press. LONDON. Mar. 22. -The Yugo slav Partisans of Marshal Tito have inflicted heavy losses on strong German and Ustashi (pro-Nazi na tive i forces in violent battles in Eastern Bosnia and have killed 300 Bulgarian troops in fighting in Macedonia, a communique an nounced last night. 23 States to Ignore U. 5. Service Ballot; Use Certain in Eight President Reported Studying Telegrams From Governors Twenty-three States will ig nore the Federal ballot, provided in the servicemen vote bill awaiting action by President Roosevelt, and its acceptance is assured in eight, it was indicated today after the White House re leased another batch of tele grams from Governors canvassed by the President to determine what the States proposed to do on the issue. Returns now are in from all the States but South Carolina. Presi dential Secretary Stephen T. Early told reporters the President had called for copies of the telegrams, and that this meant Mr. Rroosevelt was studying the measure. He has until the end of the month to act on it. According td the telegrams, made public Sunday and today, seven States are rejecting the Federal ballot outright, while 16 others simply indicate a preference for the use of State ballots as provided by their individual statutes. Nine States still are on the fence and seven others are expected to legalize the Federal ballots. Alabama Ballot Limited. Of the eight States which approve the Federal ballot, one—Alabama— has done so conditionally, reporting that it can be used for House and Senate elections. Other States ac cepting it are California. Maryland, Florida. Washington, North Caro lina, Vermont and Texas. The last two were included in the list from which replies were received today. Another telegram released today came from Michigan, in which Gov. Harry F Kelly said the Federal bal lot would be used if necessary. "Michigan has made every effort to provide a State ballot, but if. in the opinion of those chargable under Federal law with transport ing, distributing, collecting and re turning ballots for members of armed forces, 70 days is not ade quate, I will recall the Legislature to adopt provisions allowing use of supplemental Federal ballot," Gov. Kelly said. North Dakota. Nevada Refuse. States which reported today that the Federal ballot would not be used were North Dakota and Ne vada. Their Governors previously had notified the President that the situation was uncertain. Another telegram today from Gov. Prentice Cooper of Tennessee said the provisions of the State consti tution “make it extremely doubtful that the supplementary Federal bal lots could be legally counted.' From Wyoming Gov. Lester C. Hunt said that he was unable to say what position the Legislature would take, and Gov. Earl Snell of Oregon indicated a preference for State law voting. Five or Six Missing in Blast At Ammunition Depot By the Associated Press. PENDLETON. Oreg.. Mar. 22.—An igloo containing bombs exploded at the Umatilla ammunition storage depot last night and five or six per sons are missing. Col. A. S. Buyers, commanding officer, announced. He said names of the casualties would be disclosed as soon as deter mined. Cause of the explosion is unknown, he said, but "there is no knowledge of any sabotage." The force of the blast was felt here. 30 mile? southeast, and resi dents as far away as Lewiston. Idaho, reported feeling the shock. Damage at Hermiston. Oreg, 6 miles from the depot, was reported negligible. Reports said only sev eral store windows were broken. Canada's War Output At Peak, Howe Says By the Associated Press. OTTAWA, Mar. 22.—Canada’s war production is at its peak. Munitions Minister Howe told the House of Commons yesterday, disclosing that the total value of contracts award ed by the Munitions Department now has reached $9,450,000,000. 13-Month Lag In Draft Quotas Cited by Army Service Law Needed To Get Younger Men, High Official Says 2.500 NAVY CIVILIAN experts face draft calls. Page B-l By JAMES Y. NEWTON. Measures under way to curtail drastically the number of draft deferments will not reduce war production if full use is made of the Nation’s manpower, and the only way to accomplish this end is through enactment of na tional service legislation, a high military official said today. The official declared In an inter* view that the current drive for young combat manpower is based on battle plans laid by Gen. George C. Marshall. He said if the Nation is not in accord with those plans it should get a new chief of staff. Commanders in every theater of the war are “crying” for young men. he continued, and so far the requirements of none have been met. Selective service has failed to meet the Army and Navy quotas for men in, every month since Feb ruary, 1943.. he said. Draft heads previously said that inductions were lagging only since October. In ad dition. the average age of inductees has been rising, resulting in an Army that is a bit old for full effec tiveness. , Liberation First Job. The nearly 600,000 men under 26 deferred on farms, regarded by some officials as "untouchable" because of the Tydings amendment and farm political pressure, must be "screened” just as carefully by draft boards as those deferred in indus try, the official said, adding that the same yardstick of “indispensability'* must be applied to both classes. While attaching full importance to the necessity for raising food for ourselves and fighting Allies, he said reverse thinking was in volved in present plans to produce food for liberated peoples. The official declared our first job was to liberate them, and this could not be done if a large percentage of our young men were deferred on farms. "I know of no one in this country who has gone hungry and our stocks of foodstuffs are large," he remarked, adding that little could be done to offset the possibility of poor growing weather, no matter how many men were released to farms. The demands of the Army ana Navy for more young men for com bat duty are not new, the official said. Selective service has been getting further behind each month in meeting quotas, with more and more men deferred for occupational reasons, and the time finally arrived where drastic action had to be taken, resulting in the President's defer ment review order of February 26, he added. Lazy in Training Replacements. The official said the contention this Nation cannot supply the com bat men called for and at the same time produce the weapons and food needed was "ridiculous.” Both in dustry and agriculture, he added, have been lazy" in training replace ments. He declared this country has the lowest percentage of its man power in the armed forces of any of the warring nations—about 8 per cent. So far in this war, the official continued, it has been overlooked that “first things come first" and that first call on manpower must be for men to fight. He pointed out that some countries—notably Rus sia—use men unfit for combat and women to produce the weapons, re leasing able-bodied men for the front lines. He admitted that voluntary meth ods of solving manpower problems had been given a thorough trial and found wanting, adding that the only answer to the demands for fighting men and production is a national service law. The needs of both war production and agriculture now are for quantity rather than quality, and the only way a quantity of manpower can be assured is through a homefront draft, the offi cial argued. “The time has passed." he declared, “when the armed forces can be held responsible for manpower shortages. The time has arrived when we must have the fighting men we need.” Careful Consideration Urged. The armed services never have in tended to take the indispensable young men from cither industry or agriculture, he said. So far as the indispensable in industry are con cerned. he continued, those in charge of production are best suited to make selections. He said officials in charge of “must” war programs should specify their number of irreplaceable men. These requests should be carefully considered by a top production man, such as Charles E. Wilson, WPB vice chairman, and the minimum number of young mere needed should be just as carefully i See MANPOWER,’ Page~A^16.)_ Commissioners Bar Minors From Poolrooms The Commissioners today adopted a new- police regulation prohibiting persons under 18 from entering bil liard parlors and poolrooms. The request for such a regulation come from the Executive Committee of the Powell Junior High School Parent-Teacher Association. The Police Department also had indorsed it. The regulation will go into effect 30 days after being advertised. Vio lators, including both minors and billiard establishments, will be sub ject to fines up to $300. Present regulations prohibit per sons under 18 from visiting pool rooms only if they are operated in connection with a barroom or other places where, intoxicating liquors art sold.