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Willkie Asserts U. S.
Should Be Protector 0! Smaller Nations By the Associated Press. RACINE, Wis.,- Mar. 24.—Wendell L. Willkie says the United States should become a bulwark against the violation of the rights of small nations. The candidate for the Republican presidential nomination developed this theme here last night in a speech in which his hoarse voice betrayed the strain of his strenuous campaign and of a cold contracted in New York. He said a nation can look after Its own interests like an individual looks after his home. But as an in dividual supports the community fire and police departments, “so I assume it is to the mutual self-in terest of the United States, Great Britain, Russia and the other coun tries to put out the fires of aggres sion and destroy the bandits before they destroy civilization.” Small nations, however, do not have the power to stand up against a neighbor two or three times as large, Mr. Willkie. said, and their salvation is in settlement of disputes by adjudication rather than by force. “Every time • * * the rights of a small nation are being violated,” he asserted,.I think this Govern ment should speak up in protest.” Denies “Oratory Charge.” Mr. Willkie today was to finish his first week of his 12-day campaign in Wisconsin in behalf of delegates pledged to him in the State primary April 4 with addresses at rallies at Beloit and Janesville. He declared last night that eharges of “campaigning oratory” made against him because of his promises and pledges in the 1940 presidential campaign were “purely false.” He said that the Senator who made that charge against him in a congressional hearing “later in the presence of 50 newspapermen told me that he had told a falsehood and he had the good grace to apologize for a falsehood.” Mr. Willkie discussed what he called "misrepresentation and false hood about me" in his speech at Memorial Hall. “They say that I want to give away America and boondoggle the world,” he said. "How do they think I got where I am from the mud flats of Indiana, by being a nut?" “I have been called both a Com munist and capitalist—a man of enormous wealth who yet seeks to socialize America. I am neither.” Hits GOP Stand in 1940. Earlier at Kenosha. Mr. Willkie asserted the reason the Republican party failed in 1940 was its opposi tion to greater American partic ipation in the war effort at that time. He said that selecting a 1944 presidential candidate on presiimed experience, that being a Governor for one or two or four or six years qualifies him regardless of prin ciples, “seems to me a perfect adaptation of the administration’s policy.” He said “that is flattering by imitation.” If the argument is on the basis of Government experience "we have lost it before we start,” Mr. Willkie asserted. "Nobody ever has had as much experience as President as Franklin Roosevelt. “ • On that basis Mr. Roosevelt would be a much more imposing candidate in 1948, and more so in 1952 and by 1956 or 1960 there would be no use in running anybody against him.” Opposes Dewey Plan. In a reference to postwar interna tional co-operation Mr. Willkie said it cannot be done “with one other nation—that would divide the world into two camps and enlarge areas of preparedness for the next war.” “Don't be misled by that kind of stuff. A union of the English speak ing peoples of the world would first drive the rest of the world into an alliance against us.” (At the Mackinac Island con ference, Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York—also mentioned for the Republican nomination—pro posed at a press conference a British-American alliance.) “The reason I was not elected President in 1940 was because I had to lug the load of members of my party opposing selective service, transfer of 50 destroyers to Great Britain, more and more aid to Brit ain,” he asserted, and the Republic an party “won’t prevail in 1944 if it pursues a similar course.” Negro Labor Leader to Talk In Memphis Over Protests By the Associated Press. MEMPHIS, Tenn., Mar. 24.—A. Phillip Randolph, Negro president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, will address an open meet ing In Memphis March 31 over the protests of the Memphis Trades and Labor Council, an American Feder ation of Labor official said. George Googe, Southern repre sentative of the AFL, said the meet ing would be sponsored by the Fed eration. He added that he also would be a speaker at the meeting. Mr. Googe said the AFL had dis regarded a public protest by the Memphis Labor Council in the form of a resolution disapproving the meeting and asking that it not have Federation support. The Tennessee Federation of Labor’s Executive Council has unanimously voted support of the Memphis Council's opposition to Mr. Randolph’s appearance here. Nottingham Dines Gl's In Amity Demonstration Bs the A»»oci»ted Press. NOTTINGHAM, England, Mar. 24.—Amid all the red-robed cere mony this ancient city could supply,! 48 GI's from 48 State* drank toasts, I ate luxurious food and rubbed shoulders with generals yesterday In celebration of Amerlcan-Brltlsh friendship. The town arranged the luncheon for the privates a* a show of hos pitality to United State* troop* In this vicinity. Lord Mayor Frederick Mitchell welcomed each soldier at the top of a marble staircase in the council house. James s. Bill* of Ogden, Utah, stole the show. Chosen by fellow enlisted men to make a routine speech of thanks, energetic GI Bill* brought down the house with this: “We are here to beat the damned Hun—and I know to this end we are unanimous.” ff NAZIS REPORT CAPTURE OF AMERICANS—Caption for this German photo says it shows American prisoners behind barbed wire after their capture at Aprilia, in the Anzio beachhead area south of Rome. The picture was supplied by a Swedish agency. —A. P. Wirephoto by radio from Stockholm. 24 Republican House 'Freshmen' Ask Hull To Outline War Aims By the Associated Press. Republican first-term mem bers of the House called on Sec retary of State Hull today for a personal summary of America’s war and peace aims, and they concentrated their questions on the future of Poland and Fin land. America’s attitude toward those two nations represents the key to world peace, in the opinion of some of the members of the group which obtained a private interview with the Secretary today. The 24 "freshman” members, sup porters of International machinery for “a just and lasting peace,” asked Mr. Hull generally: Are the American' objectives in this war determined and if not, why not? If they have been determined make them public. Specifically, Representative O’Konski, Republican, of Wisconsin demanded to know the Nation's offi cial attitude toward Poland. Says Poland Is Key. "Poland is the key to the whole situation,” said Mr. O’Konski. “If W'e sell Poland down the river we have fought this war for noth ing. We told them to stand by, we told them to fight and they were the first to oppose Hitler.” Mr. O’Konski also asked “what has been done to convince Russia that this is America's opinion. He re ferred to the dispute over the future boundary of Poland on the east. Representative Judd, Republican, of Minnesota inquired about the attitude toward Far Eastern prob lems. He was attached to a med ical mission in Asiatic countries for years. Hull Schedules Speech. Other members of the group were Representatives Luce of Connec ticut, Hale of Maine, La Follette of Indiana, J, Leroy Johnson and Poulson of California. Miller of Ne braska. Ellsworth of Oregon, Jeffrey of Ohio, Compton and McWilliams of Connecticut, Barrett of Wyoming. Auchincloss and Towe of New Jer sey, Stanley, Taylor and Kearney of New York, Merrow of New Hampshire, Goodwin of Massachu setts, Horan and Holmes of Wash ington and Ellison of Maryland. Mr. Hull, meanwhile, meeting criticism of his conduct of foreign affairs, served notice yesterday that in a forthcoming speech, the time of which is to be announced later, he will give' the country specific instances in which the 17 basic points of his foreign policy apply to current world problems as well as set up ideals for future international security. At his press conference, the Sec retary was asked both about the public reaction, much of it critical, to his 17-point summary, and about the way in whch the policy relates to current diplomatic questions, such as the Russo-Polish dispute and Finnish peace. He replied that he was glad some one was making up to the princi ples which he has been uttering for two years without any one paying much attention. Scouts Aid Red Cross Bov Scouts of Queensland, Aus tralia, have made 980 crutches, 148 stools, 20 bedside lockers and 500 writing material cases for the Red Cross. REDS BY-PASS TARNOPOL AND PROSKUROV — Center arrows indicate where 1st Ukrainian Army has driven a wedge in German lines to reach Kopchintse, with an other unit taking Zalozhtsi, north of Tarnopol, according to a Moscow announcement today. The 2d Ukrainian Army (lower arrows) has cap tured Vertuzhany. Berlin says Red troops also have stormed Kovel (upper arrow), on the main road to Moscow. —A. P. Wirephoto. Motorists Are Warned On Gas Coupon Deadline Persons still holding B and B-l and the old-style E and R gasoline ration coupons will have to ex change them at local ration boards for new coupons, the Office of Price Administration has announced. They will be invalid after March 31. B and B-l coupons have not been issued since last November 30, while old E and R tickets have not been issued since last October 1. Congress in Brief Br the Associated Press. Senate: May vote on McKellar amend ment to strip TVA of revolving fund. Banking Committee calls Mar riner Eccles in price control ex tension inquiry. House: Considers agriculture appropria tions bill. Military Affairs Committee hears War Production Chairman Donald M. Nelson on draft deferments. Rules Committee takes up reso lution by Representative Wadsworth, Republican, of New York, for post war military planning. WE BUY DIAMONDS Old Gold-Jewelry and Watches Top Prices Guaranteed ARTHUR MARKEL 918 F ST. N. W. Suite 301-3 Third Floor I House & Herrmann Solid Mahogany Colonial Sofa Solid mahogany frame. Reversible spring cushions. Covered in Colonial figured tapestry. Convenient Budget Terms. s*®r« S«c Our Ad on Page A-JO HOUSE k HERRMMN “A Waahington Inatitutien Since 1885” 7th A Eya Sts. N.W* $433-35 Qaargia Ava. ■ * ... 1 Maloney Is Elected Chairman of Senate Oil Inquiry Group Br th« A*soci»ted Pms. A top congressional honor as well as one of the toughest jobs of the year fell today to Senator Maloney, Democrat, of Connecticut. Elected chair man of the Sen ate’s Important 11-member Oil I n v e s t i gating Committee, the one-time Con necticut news paperman mod estly told re porters : "I enter this job without much knowledge, but with an open mind.” He acknowl edged that the M*lonty. investigation—out of which delicate questions of foreign policy must be decided—may last for “months and months,” and possibly for years. Chairman Bailey of the Senate Commerce Committee chose Senator Maloney for the Oil Committee be cause of his work as chairman of a special Gasoline and Fuel-Oil Short age Investigating Committee. “It looks like he’s been promoted,” Senator Bailey said. “He deserves it.” , The committee, it was reported by Senator Brewster. Republican, of Maine will use the proposed 1.250 mile pipeline from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean as “a labora tory test case” in one of its first inquiries. Announced by Petroleum Admin istrator Ickes as a project to relieve the pressure on American reserves, Senator Brewster said the committee would Inquire into whether it, or other projects which may be under consideration, involve commitments beyond the desire of Congress. 2 Flyers Die in Crash En Route From District By the Associated Press. SEYMOUR, Ind., Mar. 24 —Two flight officers were killed yesterday when their Freeman Field-based plane crashed at Jefferson Proving Ground, near Madison, Ind., Col. E. T. Rundquist, commanding officer of Freeman Field, announced today. They were Lts. Hugh C. Jones, Jr., 28, of Hominy, Okla., and Lloyd O. Tircuit, 20, of Springfield, Pa. They were en route from Washington to Freeman Field on a combat training flight. Senator O'Daniel Sees New Deal Debt Load Of $10,000 a Family By the Associated Press. MUSKOGEE, Okla., Mar. 24.— Senator O’Daniel, Democrat, of Texas in a speech attacking New Dealers “from the President on down” declared last night the tax payers were being smothered under a public debt that would reach $10, 000 a family before the war ends. He attributed this “staggering burden” to asserted mismanage ment of domestic and foreign af fairs by “the dynasty In Washing ton” and appealed for a return to "sane constitutional government through election of men of ability— not political parasites.” He spoke at a rally of Republicans and anti-New Deal Democrats back ing Republican E. O. Clark against Democrat William G. Stigl£r in next Tuesday's 2d district congressional election. The campaign, watched national ly as a barometer of 1944 political sentiment, will be climaxed Monday with the appearance of Senate Ma jority Leader Barkley, who will talk here for Mr. Stigler. Urges Washington “Housecleaning.” “What America needs most to day,” Senator O’Daniel asserted, “as a thorough housecleaning in Wash ington. “I am not seriously concerned whether or not the next President is a Democrat or a Republican. * • • But I am vitally concerned as to whether or not the next President and members of the next Congress will be men who believe in the Con stitution.” Senator O'Daniel described the Roosevelt administration as “a well organized gang of professional poli ticians.” Mr. Stingier did not mention the New Deal in his campaign speeches, but Oklahomas pro-administration Governor, Robert S. Kerr, stumped for him and Oklahoma's Republican Senator Moore charged Mr. Stingier would be a New Deal “rubber stamp.” Senator O Daniel declared that Congress, "through, the power of patronage, has served as the willing slave of the executive department of Government." “Today this Nation is absolutely smothered under a load of boards and bureaus,” he said. “Every ac tivity is regulated by some bureau crat or their flunkies. "More than 3,000,000 of these Gov ernment flunkies flounder in the Government feed trough. One-third of them make up records tor an other third to file for the other third to never read. Meanwhile, they all wait for the coming election to re elect the professional politicians who made the laws that keep them on the Government gravy train. • • • You cannot fire these 3.000.000 Gov vemment flunkies. The only peo ple you can fire are the members of Congress and the President.” While Senator O’Daniel said he was not necessarily speaking for Mr. Clark, he declared he knew of "no better reason” why any candidate should be defeated "than the fact that he may carry with him the blessing of the ruling dynasty in Washington.” Strike of 54 Closes 38 Pittsburgh Furnaces Br the Associated Press. PITTSBURGH. Mar. 34 —A strike of 54 stockhouse department em ployes closed 38 furnaces—six blast and 32 open hearth—yesterday at the Duquesne works of Carnie-Illi tiois Steel Corp. The strike was the second at the plant in a week. A one-day walkout of two stripper cranemen last Friday shut down the entire mill. A company spokesman said the strike followed suspension of three employes who refused to help on an emergency furnace repair job. The stockhouse department work ers, members of the CIO-United Steelworkers, assemble raw materials to charge the furnaces. Dr. J. K. FREIOT, DENTIST PLATE SPECIALIST Plate* Repaired While Yon Wait 407 7th St. N.W. NA. 0019 r^TThe Mode—The Important Men's Corner! VICTIM OF VESUVIUS—A smoking tide of lava from erupting Vesuvius creeps through San Sebastiano. a village «n the northwestern slopes of the Italian volcano. The lava flow reached San Sebastiano Mgnday night and destroyed the town the next day. ___ —A. p- Wirephoto via OWI Radio. Martin Seen Choice Of Republicans for Convention Chairman By the Associated Prea*. House Minority Leader Martin was reported in line today for the permanent chairmanship of the Re publican National Convention, but the important choice of a key noter appears to be wide open. National Chair man Harrison g. Spangler an nounced that the 26 - member Ar rangements Committee would meet in Chicago April 18 and 19 to pick the tem porary chairman (who serves as keynoter), the permanen t KcpreMntstlre Martin, chairman and complete the details for the convention beginning there June 26. Mr. Martin has been approached by party leaders who want him to handle the gavel again, as he did in Philadelphia in 1940, but thus far he has not said he would accept. Choice of a keynoter appeared likely to generate a controversv, with some of the potential presi dential candidates taking a hand before the issue is settled. As the name implies, the keynoter is sup posed to start the convention off with a bang, pointing the party’s path toward its November objective of electing a President. Thus far the list of possible choices has been confined largely to public officeholders, but there is a dispo sitlon on the part of some high Mrs. Roosevelt Believes Women Will Sit at Peace Conference By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Mar. 24 —When the peace conference convenes, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt is "confident that we will see women not only in the United States delegation but also from other countries.” Writing in the April Readers’ Di gest, the President’s wife says: “The interests of women who are fight ing this war alongside the men cannot be ignored in any decisions for the future. “If women do not sit side by side with men and hear the arguments as they develop, decisions will be made without the proper basis of knowledge, decisions which cannot be carried out unless the majority of the women in every country co ranking Republicans to go outside the customary field for a man pri marily representing business, rather than political, interests. The keynoter does not necessarily have to be a delegate to the conven tion and thus the choice is not re stricted to active politicians. In this connection there has been talk of enlisting such a man as Eric Johnston, president of the United States Chamber of Commerce, who has been critical of what he terms New Deal bureaucracy and regimen tation, a point of view that a great many Republicans share. The possibilities also include the 26 Republican Governors, but many of these may be disqualified because they are potential aspirants for the presidency or vice presidency. Meanwhile, Gov. John W. Bricker of Ohio again took his campaign for the presidential nomination to the South in a flve-State drive for dele gates which will wind up a week from last night in Colorado. Gov. Bricker will speak at Bir operate in making them successful." Mrs. Roosevelt cites Queen Eliza beth, Mrs. Winston Churchill. Lady Reading, Queen Wilhelmina. Prin cess Juliana, Mme. Molotoff and Mme. Chiang Kai-shek as women who are ready to think in terms of postwar developments on a world scale. Women value the conservation of human life more highly than the acquisition of power, she feels, and at the conference table they will try to find ways to co-operate “where men think only of domi nating.” “Through the years, men have made the wars; it is only fair to suggest that women can help to make a lasting peace.” mingham tonight. Little Rock to morrow, Oklahoma City Monday, Wichita Tuesday and Denver and Colorado Springs next Thursday. Bricker leaders also announced plans for him to go to the West Coast sometime between April 7 and 21. Canada Shifts to Output Of More Civilian Goods By the Associated Press. MONTREAL, Mar. 24—The peak of war production in Canada hes been definitely passed and a pro gressive shift toward output of civil ian goods is gathering momentum, the monthly business summary of the Bank of Montreal said yester day. The summary noted the wartime prices and trade board as saying the “beginning of the end” of shortages is emerging. 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