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Kirk Gives Assurance
Casualties Include No 'Basket Cases' The country- today had the as surance of Ma). Gen Norman T. Kirk. Army Surgeon General, that not a single "basket case” has been reported in this war. A basket case—one of the most horrible of battle mutilations—is a Boldier who has suffered the ampu tation of both arms and legs. "I am sick and tired of persistent rumors I hear about these so-called basket cases,” Gen. Kirk said yesterday at a press conference after his return from an inspec tion trip in the European theater. "I can state authoritatively that there was no such thing as a basket case among our men in World War I, nor is there any in this war. Reports Annoy Army. "There just isn't any such a thing. If you amputate all a man's arms and legs, he doesn’t survive, he just goes where the arms and legs go.” For weeks the Army Medical Corps has been bewildered and annoyed by persons writing in to obtain confirmation that there are hun dreds and even thousands of bas ket cases “Amputation cases are not nearly bo many in this war as people seem to think and so far we have had only 1,194 major cases," he said. There have been 58 cases of double amputations, and no triple amputations, he added. Mines Cause Most Wounds. Gen. Kirk said that 80 per cent of the wounds in this war were, caused by land mines, shell frag ments and hand grenades, with bullet wounds accounting for the remaining 20 per cent. Using the World War for com parisons. he said the death rate in the Army then was 15.1 per cent per 1.000. “if you include the influenza cases.” Omitting the latter, the death rate was 4.2 per cent. “In this war the death rate is the almost unheard of figure of .6 of 1 per cent per 1.000 men,” he said. j) Taxes tContinued From First Page.) were warned again today by the Dis trict OPA that they may not reduce the quantity of beer or liquor served as a result of the new excise taxes. Patrons should expect the same si* of glass of beer, the OPA said, but it may cost them an extra penny. Bottled Beer Unaffected. If beer is served in an 8-ounce glass or larger, the cent may be added. Charges ranging from 1 to 4 cents may be added to liquors and mixed drinks. Bottled beer con sumed on the premises must- remain the same price. In Virginia, rationing kept the demand for liquor within fairly normal bounds for a Friday—and the last day of the month at that. Persons who had not previously cashed in their March coupons hur ried to do so before they became invalid. But many others had long since used their stamps, allowing them a quart a month, and were forced to wait until the new one became good today. The new penny demand expected to arise from odd-cent prices at movies and bars leaves the mint unworried. The coppers are rolling out at a rate of more than 1,000 000,000 a year, and one official said a 200,000,000-penny reserve has been built up for just this contingency. The new taxes begin at a time when money is pouring into the Treasury at an unprecedented clip. The Treasury's daily statement to day showed March receipts already at a record $6.188,000.000—more than $450,000,000 above last Decembers previous peak and nearly $1,000 000,000 greater than last March. Tax Payments Soar. Quarterly income tax payments aggregated $4,821,000,000 through Wednesday, $339,000,000 above those in the same period a year ago. with an additional $735,000,000 take this year from pavroll with holding. Total receipts for the first three quarters of the fiscal vear will ap proach $32,000,000,000, far more than double the $14,719,000,000 collected m the same period a year ago. Although Federal spending for the same nine months will near *®®'^9’000'000- in comparison with $55,000,000,000 a year earlier, the cumulative deficit is more than $3 - 000,000,000 under the $40,000.000 000 figure recorded at this time last year. British Reveal Details Of New Bofors Gun the Associated Pres*. The British Army staff here and the War Office in London disclosed details last, night of Britain’s self propelled. 40-millimeter Bofors anti aircraft gun, hitherto secret. The present model of the widely known Bofors gun has been mounted on a chassis with road speeds up to 40 miles an hour and four-wheel drive, the announcement said. The gun is able to combat tanks as well as planes. It fires 2-pound shells at the rate of ’20 a minute up to 9 000 foot altitude. Many of the self-propelled models have been made in Canada QUARANTINED GIRLS GET SOME FRESH AIR—Out of doors for the first time since they were quarantined by meningitis scare Thursday night, war workers from Louisiana Hall, Arl ington Farms, are shown in court yard of their residence taking a breath of fresh air. The cautious photographer kept his distance in taking the picture. The quarantine will be lifted Monday morning. (Story on Page A-l.) —Star Staff Photo. Jones Opens Fight To Unseat Tydings Bs the Associated Press. BALTIMORE. April 1.—Willis R. Jones of Baltimore, formally open ing his campaign for the Demo cratic nomination for Senator, as serted in a radio address last night that Senator Tydings, Democrat, of Maryland had on several occasions been aligned with the isolationist group in Congress. Mr. Jones, a former deputy at torney general and one-time chair man of the Board of Correction, called on Senator Tydings to state his position regarding a fourth term for President Roosevelt. When Mr. Jones announced his candidacy he pledged full support for a fourth term. A lack of active campaigning had marked the political scene, although most of the congressional and two senatorial nominations will be con tested in the May 1 primaries. Also at stake are posts as delegates to the two major party State conven tions. In Hagerstown, meanwhile. Her man L. Mills, businessman and Pacific (Continued From First Page.) moderate antiaircraft opposition, touched off heavy explosions at Truk on Dublon Island, started fires on Uman and moen, and also hit Param and Fefan. Admiral Nimitz disclosed Thurs day the task force assault on Palau, slightly over 500 miles east of the Philippines, but yesterday passed without the issuance of additional communques on that daring thrust more than 2.000 miles west of the Navy’s recently won lagoon base at Kwajalein in the Western Marshalls. Large, new aircraft carriers were believed to be included in the at tacking force. At Chicago. Secretary of the Navy Knox said yesterday “it is not vio lating security to tell you that to day more than 50 aircraft carriers are plying the Pacific.” He also ob served that in the vast reaches of the Pacific “we go where we please «ldi2Kik^ffier*h'emy to come.” ~ Meningitis (Continued From First Page.) - ' ' f ......-• ■ died in «n ambulance Wednesday en route to Gallinger Hospital. The two cases at Louisiana Hall were diagnosed as meningococcus meningitis. The quarantined girls at Louisiana Hall are making light of their con finement. They are being furnished food from the cafeteria in Arlington Farms and from their “service shop,” w-here soft drinks and light refresh ments are available. Food Placed on Porch. Food is being delivered to the quarantined girls on their porch. One girl who had been outside the hall when the quarantine was im posed Thursday midnight reported to officials to clarify her status. She was given sulfa drugs like all other residents of the hall, but was per mitted to go free. Check of the girls actually quar antined showed there are 334 in Louisiana Hall, which has a capac ity of 600. It is one of ten dormi tories in Arlington Farms. They house between 3,000 and 4,000 civil ians and a large number of WAVES. Careful watch Is being kept over the health of all residents in Arling ton Farms. i BEGINNING MONDAY WMAl. Presents a Sew Show, A Sew Personality tinane With a Program Designed jor You "The Modern Woman" Recognized as one of the fore most women's radio personali ties in the country, Ruth Crane brings with her a wealth of ex perience and authority, all of which will be fashioned into a lively 30-minute program espe cially for the women. Listen daily to this new feature con cerning— • Fashions • Home Counsel • Household Hints —in fact, everything of interest In You. The Modern Woman. Monday thru Friday 11:30 A.M. to 12 Noon W M A L The Evening Star Station 630 On Your Dial jJiCOiUCUL Ui 1/IiC XlHgCI MUWI1 Vyliaill ber of Commerce, retired from the Republican race for the Senate nomination, leaving three party candidates in the field. Last mid night was the deadline for with drawals. Mr. Mills said he deemed it ad visable after conferences with party leaders to retire in the interests of party harmony. Tire remaining Republican aspir ants are Paul Robertson, Baltimore, chairman of the Republican City Committee; Blanchard Randall. jr„ Baltimore banker supported by State Republican Chairman Galen L. Tait and Mayor Theodore R. Mc Keldin. Baltimore, and Publisher Rives Matthews. Princess Anne. Political observers viewed the re tirement of Mr. Mills as a move to strengthen the candidacy of Mr. Robertson. Absenteeism Excused For Man Aged 95 By the Associated Press. BRANFORD, Conn.—This was one case of absenteeism that the Mal leable Iron Fittings Co. readily ex cused. Its secretary and assistant treasurer, Lester J. Nichols, asked for the day off, his first in months, explaining that he wanted to cele brate his birthday with his family. He is 95 years old and has been with the company 78 years. 'Draft-Byrd' Group Grows in Virginia Bt th» Associate. Prtca. RICHMOND, Va . April 1.—Th( “Draft Byrd for President" cam paign, sponsored by John U. Ban New Orleans manufacturer, was continued in Virginia yesterday al a political meeting here, meetinf largely without politicians. The first such meeting in the State wa.< held in Fairfax Thursday night. The meeting to bring the move ment to the home State of Senatoi Byrd was not attended by Demo cratic party leaders because o; Senator Byrd’s statement that h« was not a candidate for the presi dency. Senator Byrd returned to Wash ington from Richmond yesterday just before the meeting started. H« visited Gov. Darden at the execu tive mansion and is understood tc have conferred with a number oi leaders of the State political or ganization. Mr. Barr, in a statement aftei the meeting, said “my conference! here in Richmond are a decisive step in the final preparations t< bring to the service of the Nation as Chief Executive, one more o! Virginia’s great statesmen.” The group of approximately 2! individuals named Remmie L. Ar nold, Petersburg manufacturer, as State chairman. Gov. Darden, in response to a question, said he did not attend because Senator Byrd did not want his friends to put his name forward. “As Governor of Virginia and as a close frieryi of Senator Byrd, my attendance could have been inter preted in only one way—as an Indi cation that Senator Byrd didn’t mean it when he said he was not a candidate for the presidency nor did he want his friends to put his name forward. “I know that Senator Byrd means what he says.” 1). S. Planes Sought Mexico is trying to obtain 25 United States training planes for its proposed new aviation school for civilians. Uncle Sam needs your waste bacon grease, drippings, vegetable shortening. Take them to your meat dealer. \ < MacArfhur Closing Pincers on Bogadjim In Madang Drive By the Ansociattd Prm. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, South Pacific, April 1.—American and Au stralian troops are closing the pin cers of their movement on Bogad Jtm in the campaign to take the Japanese coastal base at Madang. New Guinea. Positions mentioned in Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s communique today put the Australians 10 miles south of Bogadjim, while American patrols of the 32d Division were 13 miles east of town. Bogadjim is 20 miles south of Madang, which has been heavily pounded by Allied air craft, but still holds supply dumps and artillery defenses. Pityilu Island Occupied. American dismounted cavalrymen, supported by Australian aircraft and United naval vessels, occupied Pity ilu Island, on the northern edge of Seadler Harbor in the Admiralties, Thursday. The troops encountered only sniping fire in adding the little island to their already bigger bag of Manus and Los Negros Islands. Allied bombers and fighters hit enemy Installations from the Dutch East Indies to New Ireland. Forty seven tons of bombs were dropped on Langgoer airdrome in the Kai Islands, north of Australia, and a Liberator bomber crew in the raid shot down three Japanese inter ceptors. Destroyers Strafed at Rabaul. Tadji airdrome, at Aitape on the Northeastern New Guinea coast, was hit with 34 tons of bombs. Rabaul, New Britain, was ham mered with 70 tons and fighters strafed a Japanese destroyer in the harbor here, causing an explosion aboard the ship. One Allied fighter SIMONIZING WASHING GREASING Every Ante Service CAPITAL GARAGE : 1930 L St. N.W. Dl. 9990 wm missing following tha Rabaul attack. A 2.000-ton enemy cargo vessel was driven ashore at Simberl Island, in the Tabar group off New Ireland as the result of a strafing by fighters. 3J08 Jap Bodies Counted In Bougainville Assaults By the Associated Prase. BOUGAINVILLE, Solomon Is lands. Mar. 29 (Delayed).—The bodies of 3.506 Japanese have been counted on this Island since March 8. when the enemy started his as saults against the Bm press Augusta Bay area, held by the Americans. MaJ. Gen. Oscar W. GriswdTd, commanding Allied forces here, said total enemy casualties since the Americans landed November 1 was more than 8,000. This estimate did not include Japanese killed by ar tillery fire because most of those so killed were far behind the lines. The general said it was reason able to assume the enemy lost as many wounded as dead. He said at least 15.000 Japanese troops were here at the campaign’s start. This force has been halved. American casualties were not reported, but it was believed at headquarters there were 20 Japanese killed for each American. Nazis Slain in Warsaw LONDON, April J running gun battle in the center of Warsaw, in which a Nazi high official named Smack and six of his bodyguards were slain by Polish underground avengers, was reported today by the Polish Telegraph Agency. Chile Builds City to House Orphans Near Santiago Chile has built a city as a home for its orphaned children. "The Children’s City," about 5 miles from Santiago, was practically completed Just before Christmas and inaugu rated after four months of work under the auspices of the Council for the Protection of the Child. Thirty houses care for 50 children each. Every house has a large living room, a dining room and sleeping quarters. The city has primary, secondary and industrial schools, a hospital, medical centers, library, theaters, lands foe cultivation, swimming pool, track, football and basket ball fields and tennis courts. Each unit is named for an Ameri can republic and the city Itself Is called President* Rios to signalise the assistance given to it by the country’s President. Marine Finds Rescuer In Own Home Town Br tb« Associated Press. DENiffiR. — Pfc. Don L. Ewers. Marine home on leave, told in an Interview, how he owed his life to some Marine rifleman who rescued him from a Jap .sniper trap in a Bougainville jungle. But he didn't know who his rescuers were. The story was read by Lt. Donald H. O’Rourke, Jr., another Denver Marine home on leave. He hunted up Ewers and introduced himself. He was leader of the riflemen and hadn’t learned the Identity of the man rescued. 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