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Tair, warmer, with increasing cloudi ness; low near 50 tonight. Temperatures today—Highest, 61. at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 39, at 5:55 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 55, at 5:55 p.m.; low est, 31, at 3:55 a.m. _New York Markets Closed Today. Guide for Readers Page Amusements -. .. B-8 Comics ... B-18-19 Editorials .. A-$ Editcr l Articles, A-7 Legal Notices B-17 Lost and Found, A-3 p»p (Obituary .. A-* I Radio .B-19 Society .B-3 Sports .A-10-11 Where to Go.. A-ll Woman's Page, B-12 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,500. _ WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1944—THIRTY-TWO PAGES.**** Washington TUP1TT? WVJ CSNTS and Svaurb* 1 Xl.tVXl<Jii 10. Kisawbara Nazis Rush Aid to Odessa Area, Plan to Defend Port at Any Cost; Japanese Push Deeper Into India Germans Send Rescue Forces To Tarnopol (Map on Page A-2.) By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, April 7.—The Ger mans have rushed special units into line with orders to defend Odessa at “any cost” and are battling on the close approaches to that Black Sea port from fa vorable positions behind the many lagoons and lakes pro tecting the stronghold. Red Star dispatches reported today. While the Germans struck out in strong counterattacks from the base, Russian Stormovik planes and bombers pounded at the city’s de fenses and escape lines of commu nications. Three hundred miles to the north west the Russians engaged in stiff battles against large groups of enemy tanks, infantry and self propelled guns sent to rescue an other besieged German garrison at Tarnopol. Fierce Fighting Continues. The enemy counterattack at Tar nopol was launched from Nazi-held territory southwest of Tarnopol, the Russian bulletin said, and came after Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov’s 1st Ukrainian Army had captured more than half of the area within the city. Street fighting has been re ported going on since Monday. Attempts to lift the siege yester day were repulsed with heavy losses. Soviet Drive Perils Wide Nazi Areas, Roosevelt Says President Roosevelt told his news conference today he had no more information on the Russian military drive than has been printed, but that the fact the Red Army has reached the western end of the Black Sea jeopardizes a great deal more German-held territory and confronts the Nazis with the problem of deciding where they will make a stand. The President said the Rus sians now can expand their campaigns to the west, to the southwest or to the south and that their position constitutes a new threat to the Balkans. He added that things on the Russian front were going ex tremely well, but that he could not prognosticate. the communique announced, but added that fierce fighting is con tinuing The Germans, it appeared, were attempting to rescue both the Tar nopol garrison and the remnants of 15 divisions encircled in the Skala sector northeast of Czernowitz <Cer nanti) and have thrown formidable forces into the drive to crack the Red Army cordons. Zhukov’s troops, however, were re ported to have tightened their ring of encirclement near Skala by cap turing important defense strong points, including the fortified town of Skala itself. The Russian communique an nounced the war booty captured in the Skala fighting included 6 tanks, 600 vehicles, 29 transport planes and 4 fighters. The trans port planes apparently had been held in readiness to fly high mili tary personnel from the encircled area aftei delivering supplies to the trapped forces. As the Germans rushed more troops into the battle for Odessa, Gen. Rodion Y. Malinovsky’s 3d Ukrainian Army struck toward the city in a 15-mile drive from cap tured Razdelnaya, which brought it to a point 23 miles to the northwest. Thus the Russians posed a new threat to Odessa. Malinovsky's drive, a flanking movement which apparently caught the enemy by surprise, drew closer the Red Army ring being forged around the port, already threatened from the north and northeast. The drive from Razdelnaya, im portant rail junction 38 miles above Odessa which fell to the Russians Wednesday, smashed a fierce Axis counterattack aimed at recapturing that control point for traffic west ward into Bessarabia, a Soviet war bulletin said. Russians Storm Karpova. Malinovsky’s veterans then pushed down the railw ay to storm Karpova, 23 miles northwest of Odessa, and fanned out to take Grosulova, 18 miles northwest of Razdelnaya. From the north another Soviet column surged 13 miles down the banks of the rain-swollen Kuyalnik River to capture Maryanovka, 21 miles from Odessa, while from the northeast a third force swept along the shores of the Black Sea to storm the town of Sverdlova, 14 miles from the heart of the metropolis, accord ing to the communique. For the fourth straight day the Moscow communique made no men tion of the progress of Marshal Ivan S. Konev's 2d Ukrainian Army, last reported across the Prut River 9 miles above the Rumanian city of Iasi (Jassy). Reds Charge Germans Burned 603 in Village By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. April 7.—The Soviet Information Bureau last night broadcast the text of an affidavit charging the German Army had burned to death 603 men, women and children in the village of Malin, in the Ostrozhets district of Rovno Province. The affidavit was signed by eye witnesses and investigators, accord ing to the broadcast, Nazi Airfield in Croat Capital Raided by U. S. Heavy Bombers German Troops Make Tentative Push Out Of Continental Hotel at Cassino By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples, April 7.—Heavy bombers of the United States 15th Air Force again attacked a Balkan target yesterday, raiding a Ger man airfield in the Croatian cap ital of Zagreb, as ground action on all Italian fronts remained at a virtual standstill. Zagreb was vigorously defended by about 120 German planes. Six teen were shot down in battles over Northern Yugoslavia, Allied head quarters announced, and three heavy bombers were lost. Flying Fortresses and Liberators, escorted by Thunderbolts and Light nings. took part in the attack. Re turning crewmen reported the fight W’as hot and heavy, but there was nothing here to substantiate Ger man reports last night describing the battle as ‘‘one of the greatest strategical defeats suffered so far” by the 15th Air Force. On the contrary, the Allied com munique listed the raid as small. An announcement from head quarters said that on the Anzio beachhead a strong German patrol attacked an Allied position a mile and a half south of Carroceto last night, but wTas driven back by grenades and small arms fire. Fifth Army artillery and tank destroyers blasted enemy gun positions there during the day. A dispatch sent from the beach nead last night by Associated Press War Correspondent * Kenneth L. Dixon said the Germans had ringed the Allied defenses with several huge guns capable of outranging the Allied guns at least 4 or 5 miles and sometimes as much as 10 miles and capable of combing the entire beachhead from the front line to the coast, “These include some railroad guns with a potential range up to 54,000 yards (more than 30 miles), which means that the Germans could literally sit in Rome and shell ship ping in Anzio Bay,” Mr. Dixon wrote. “How many of these guns are operating against the beach head either has not been ascertained or is not being divulged.” In all air operations yesterday, 28 enemy aircraft were reported de stroyed and the Allied communique listed 3 medium bombers and 4 fighters as missing, in addition to the 3 heavy craft. In Cassino, the Germans made a tentative push out of the Conti nental Hotel, but their infantry was immediately brought under the fire of Allied artillery. Northwest of Cassino enemy patrols constantly are probing Allied lines. While the big bombers were over Zagreb, a formation of Spitfires, some carrying bombs, swooped down on the German airfield at Banja Luka, about 80 miles northeast of Sarajevo, and destroyed a large number of planes on the ground. Gen. Bradley Scoffs Af Forecast of 90% Losses in Invasion Declares Operation Will Make Barnum & Bailey Only a Sideshow B> the Associated Press. WITH AN AMERICAN IN FANTRY DIVISION SOME WHERE IN ENGLAND, April 7.— Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley today told American officers preparing for the invasion of Europe that “this stuff about tremendous losses is tommyrot.” “The success of the whole war depends on this operation and I have no fear of its outcome,” the commander of American ground forces in the United Kingdom as sured officers -who will lead the doughboys into action. “When the time comes you will be surprised by the naval gunfire and air power we have. “Some of you won’t come back, but it will be very few’. Cites Tunisian Losses. “In the Tunisian campaign we lost only an average of three or four men to 1.000 and certainly see ing a show like this ought to be w’orth that chance. “They say Barnum & Bailey had the greatest show on earth, but that w'ill be only a sideshow compared to the one you w'ill be in. When your men get up to fight you will be scared, but it will be up to you to get up and lead your men in attack. “Put your men in the right frame of mind. You can t surrender in warfare. Fight it out to the last ammunition. The enemy might be as bad off as you are. It is much better to do that than to be made prisoner. T have heard rumors that 90 per cent of us W’ouldn’t come back,” he continued Calls It Tommyrot. “That is tommyrot. I think you are lucky to have this opportunity and I am happy to be with you. We have the best soldiers and best equipment and more of it than the Germans ever dreamed of. After a few days of it you won’t have anything to worry about.” He urged them not to “condemn your men too quickly if they show' fear in the early stages,” but to "exert your leadership and lead them forward.” Warning that “the German will play dirty.” Gen. Bradley said: “I know- of cases where he has booby trapped the dead. Don’t trust him very far. Sometimes they will come out waving white flags and then open fire on you.” Many British Miners Return to Coal Pits By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 7 —Many pits in Britain's harassed coal fields were reopened today. In Yorkshire—hotbed of the latest rash of strikes—the principal pits were back in operation in the Wom bell area. News from other sectors was lacking because of the holidays, but there were indications that most pits would be back in operation by Wednesday. Roosevelt Won't Discuss Willkie's Quitting Race By the Associated Press. • President Roosevelt was asked at his news conference today whether he cared to comment on the decision of Wendell Willkie to quit as a candidate for the Republican presi dential nomination. The Chief Executive replied that he did not believe so. Gen. Giraud 'on Shelf,' New, Greater Role Seen for De Gaulle Active Direction of Armed Forces May Go To New General Staff By the Associated Press. ALGIERS, April 7.—Gen. Charles De Gaulle, in a new move against the position and authority of Gen. Henri Giraud, may succeed in putting the French commander on the shelf as “inspector general of the armies,” it was reported reliably today in high French military circles. Discussions between the two camps still are continuing, but reli able informants on both sides ex pressed belief that Gen. Giraud would accept, as a patriotic duty, this new role with decreased pow ers and prestige. A decision is ex pected in a day or so. (Pertinax, French-born Wash ington correspondent for the North American Newspaper Al liance, said Gen. Giraud already had resigned. He said the news that the general had stepped out of the picture reached Washing ton Wednesday, but was not al lowed to leak out because Ameri can and British representatives in Algiers were trying to make Gen. Giraud reconsider. I'Pertinax said the impression obtained in competent Washing ton quarters was that Gen. Giraud was determined to leave North Africa and settle in an other land.) Won't Keep His Title. In no event will Gen. Giraud con tinue his present title and functions as commander-in-chief of French land, sea and air forces, and unless he accepts the new position, Gen. Giraud will step out completely, these same informants said. Nei ther camp expects a resignation. Under the plan being pushed by Gen. de Gaulle and his followers in the wake of an ordinance April 4 designating Gen. de Gaulle as “chief of the armies’’ and president of the National Committee, Gen. Giraud would have no successor. The change thus would leave Gen. de Gaulle as undisputed commander of the ajmv, navy and air forces 'See FRENCH, Page A-4.) Judges Engage In Fist Fight In Courthouse Ey the Associated Press. BIRMINGHAM, Ala., April 7.— Circuit Judges John C. Morrow, 53, and Robert J. Wheeler, about 60, were the participants in a fight at the courthouse here yesterday. The encounter, which developed from a dispute over a probation hearing granted a colored woman, occurred in Judge Morrow's offices. “We became involved in an argu ment,’’ Judge Wheeler said, "and Judge Morrow’ struck me with his fist. I tried to protect myself w’ith a cuspidor, throwing it at Judge Morrow when he started at me with an ash stand.” Judge Morrow said "Judge Wheeler called me a liar and I hit him." He added that a "complete statement" would be made later. Judge Wheeler, asserting that he had granted the probation hearing without knowledge of the fact that Judge Morrow previously had ac cepted a guilty plea in the same case, said he had gone to Judge Morrow's chambers to apologize. Enemy 35 Miles From Stilwell's Rail Lifeline B> the Associated Press. NEW DELHI, April 7.—Japa nese troops, with established road blocks along 15 miles of the Imphal-Kohima road, have driven deeper into India and now are infiltrating into territory slightly west of the highway in the direction of the American operated Bengal-Assam railroad, it was disclosed in a communi que of the Southeast Asia Com mand today. (The Japanese positions appar ently placed them 35 to 50 miles from the railway, lifeline of Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell's North ern Burma offensive and the air borne supply operations for China.) The Japanese were being engaged by Allied troops as they pushed westward, the communique said. Imphal Cut Off Since Sunday. Imphal itself has been cut off since last Sunday, when it became known that Japanese parties were on the 60-mile Imphal-Kohima road, the main line of communications for the garrison of the Manipur state capital. small Attacks Repulsed. Today's communique said the Japanese were continuing to make small, isolated attacks in the Imphal area itself, but all these were re pulsed, while aggressive British pa trols hampered the enemy by strik ing across his line of communica tions west of the Chindwin River. (A Berlin broadcast of Tokio dispatches declared “five power ful Japanese units are closing in on Imphal” and predicted a “major battle on the Manipur plain.” (The Allies are attempting to bolster their forces to meet the ‘surging advance” by rushing in reinforcements from the Huk awng Valley in Northern Burma, Arakan in the south as well as Calcutta, the broadcast declared. It added that Allied parachute troops landed in Northern Burma were being encircled and liqui dated.) U. S. Bombers Raid Railway. ’ American heavy bombers staged a full-dress attack on the new Jap anese-built Burma-Siam railway on Wednesday, the communique re ported. Coming in at levels of 300 to 600 feet, the planes destroyed three bridges and probably de stroyed five others, while other di rect hits scattered long sections of track. Four locomotives and many freight cars w’ere heavily damaged or de stroyed and railway buildings and equipment set on fire in the siveep, and the bulletin said RAF fighters followed the Americans in to strafe the same targets with good results. Wednesday's raid was the second within a month on the Burma Siam railway, a principal supply line for Japanese forces in the Burma theater, the communique said. Other Air Attacks. Other Allied air formations car ried out similar missions in South ern, Central and Northern Burma, blasting river and bridge targets near Tangon and Nyigatha, and flew more than 800 sorties against the enemy since Tuesday at a cost of two Allied planes. Allied tank-supported troops on the Arakan front continuing their offensive action captured the east ern tunnel on the Maungdaw-Bethe daung road yesterday, headquar ters said, and proceeded to make progress toward the central ridge of the Mayu Mountain range. Stettinius Reaches London for Meetings Allied Foreign Policy Topic of Conferences By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 7.—Edward R. Stettinius, jr.. United States Under secretary of State, arrived today for a series of important foreign policy conferences with British officials— meetings which may prepare the way for ’another Roosevelt-Church ill-Stalin meeting. Mr. Stettinius’ arrival came at a time of mounting criticism and un certainty in Commons and Congress over British-American foreign policy and the degree of co-operation be tween London and Washington and with Moscow. His talks with Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Foreign Office experts are expected to cover a wide range, including the prospects of Finnish peace, negotiations with Spain and Allied efforts to wrest the Balkan satellites from Hitler's grasp. Dr. Isaiah Bowman, a leading po litical geographer who advised Woodrow Wilson at the 1919 peace conference, is in the Stettinius party. Dr. Bowman, president of Johns Hopkins University, is an au thority on the Axing of nations' boundaries in relation to the racial and nationalistic essentials of the peoples affected. Others accompanying Mr. Stet tinius include H. Freeman Matthews, deputy director of the State De partment's Office of European Af fairs; Wallace Murray, director of the department's Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs: John Lee Pratt, consultant in commercial affairs, and Robert J, Lynch, execu tive secretary of the mission. REMEMBER THE OLD^ SAYING, WENDELL... J /r you can tuck £ EM JO/N EM ! A Kravchenko Branded As 'Deserter and Liar' By Soviet Embassy Statement Says Charges Sought to Cover Refusal To Return to Army By the Associated Press. Victor A. Kravchenko, who was quoted earlier this week as having said he had resigned from the Russian Purchasing Commission and that his resig nation was in protest against the “double-faced political ma neuvers” of his government, was branded by the Soviety Embassy today as a military deserter and a liar. He was identified in the New York Times as being in charge of the metals section of the commission, and in a statement to that paper he said: “I can no longer support the double - faced political maneuvers directed at one and the same time toward collaboration with the United States and Britain while pursuing aims incompatible with such col laboration.” Described as Inspector of Pipes. The Soviet Embassy, in a state ment issued by its press section early today, denied that Kravchenko was a member of the commission and said he had been sent for temporary work at the disposal of the commis sion in the capacity of an inspector of pipes. “He became a deserter,” the state ment continued, "having refused to return to his motherland for mil itary service, and to cover his deser tion he made slanderous statements about the U. S. S. R. on the pages of certain New York newspapers.” Embassy’s Statement. Following is the text of the Soviet Embassy statement: "The press division of the Soviet Embassy in Washington considers it necessary to give the following explanation in regard the hostility towara the Soviet Union statements by V. Kravchenko, published on Aoril 4 in the New York Times and in some other newspapers. “Kravchenko lies, stating that he was in charge of the division of metals in the Soviet Purchasing Commission. In reality Kravchenko was neither a member of the Pur chasing Commission, nor was he in charge of the metal division of the commission. Being on military service, sent for temporary work at the disposal of the Purchasing Com mission in the United States in the capacity of one of the inspectors of pipes Kravchenko had to return to the Soviet Union to continue his military service. “Two weeks before the date of his forthcoming departure to the U. S. S. R. to serve in the Red Army, Krav chenko betrayed his military duty and became a deserter having re fused to return to his motherland for the military service, and to cover his desertion he made slanderous statements about the U. S. S. R. on the pages of certain New York news papers. "The statements of Kravchenko do not require any denials in view of their evidently false character.” Reds Raid Finnish Port LONDON, April 7 (A5).—Thirty Russian bombers with fighter escort today attacked the Finnish port of Kotka, east of Helsinki, and caused damage and casualties, the German radio said, quoting a Finnish com munique. """"-—---——-—I I Easter Forecast Cloudy and Cool; Rain Tomorrow Easter Sunday will be partly cloudy and cool, the forecaster pre dicted today with the observation that the weather generally should “not be too bad.” Rain is in store tomorrow night after higher tem peratures today, but it is expected to clear off by Sunday. Prom a low of 39 degrees at 6 a.m., the mercury had climbed to 61 de grees by noon today. The ther mometer is not expected to go below 50 tonight. Cherry blossoms around the Tidal Basin today were 50 per cent in bloom and will be in full bloom to morrow or Sunday, the National Capital Parks office reported. Large crowds are expected to view the trees over the week end, park offi cials said. Dewey Is Expected To Get Major Share Of Willkie Support Rocky Road Lies Ahead For Darkhorse Candidates, Observers Predict By the Associated Press. The difficult road that lies ahead for any darkhorse hope fuls was impressed on Repub licans today as a result of Wen dell L. Willkie’s retirement from the race for his party’s presiden tial nomination. With Mr. Willkie out of the run ning, a swing was under way for Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York. There were definite indica tions that Gov. Dewey would collect a major share of the support which Mr. Willkie renounced after his de feat in Tuesday's Wisconsin pri mary. Among these was the prediction of Senator Danaher, Republican, of Connecticut that most of Connecti cut’s 16 uninstructed delegates, to be selected next week, would favor Gov. Dewey. Mr. Willkie’s greatest preconvention strength was in New England, and it is there that other candidates would have to make in roads if they hoped to transfer his support to themselves. Deadlock Was Envisioned. There were some Republicans who had envisioned the possibility that Gov. Dewey and Mr. Willkie wTould present almost equal strength on the first ballot at the national con vention in June. Any such result, they said, might lead to one of those deadlocks from which dark horses spring. That was the frankly expressed hope of Senator Vandenberg, Re publican, of Michigan, who has been saying that the Republicans ought to nominate Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur. Senator Vandenberg con tends the Southwest Pacific com mander is the only man who could oppose President Roosevelt success fully on what promises to be one of the major campaign issues—the Democratic argument against elect ing an inexperienced man as com mander in chief. But the quick surge to Gov. Dewey appeared likely to scuttle any such movement, despite the three votes Gen. MacArthur picked up in Wis consin. There was some doubt in various States where the Willkie <See POLITICS. Page A-3.> Per Capita Meat Consumption By Civilians Highest Since 1908 Chops, stews, steaks and roasts were served on American dinner tables during the last three months at a higher rate than any year since 1908—and will drop only slightly during April, May and June. Despite wartime rationing—and complaints of local shortages of certain cuts of meat—the average civilian during the first six months of this year will have kept the butcher going at a busier clip than any year since 1924. War Food Administration officials explained today the 5,091.300,000 pounds of meat allocated to civilians for the first quarter represented an annual per capita rate of 158 pounds, the highest since 1908. The 4,485,200,000 pounds for April, iviay anu June is ai an annual rate of 139 pounds per capita. The aggregate rate for the first six months is 148.3, last equaled in 1924. Allotted to civilians for the coming three months are 2,247,700,000 pounds of pork, 1,834,800.000 of beef, 241, 600,000 of veal and 161.100,000 of lamb and mutton. During the last half of the year, however, civilian supplies are ex pected to be somewhat lower, but the total for the year probably will be above that for 1943. The current high consumption is the result of unusually large produc tion of beef, pork and vepl in the first quarter of 1944 coupled with limited shipping and storage space— thus shuttling a large supply Into civilian channels. Builders Post $50,000 Check in Showdown On Colored Homes Ihlder Refuses Request For NCHA Priorities, But Promises Aid Private builders t >day asked the National Capitfil Housing Authority to turn over to them the priorities it hoVd $ for* con struction of 740 colored housing units here, and promised that if this were done they would con struct the dwellings .immediately to help relieve the critical short age of housing for colored fami lies in the District. The request was made by James C. Wilkes, attorney for the Washing ton Home Builders’ Association, in testimony before the Sfnate District Subcommittee studying nousing con ditions here. Mr. Wido w said private builders would take ufs: 140 priorities “this afternoon,” and. offered a $50, 000 check signed by Piston Wire, a member of the association, as a guarantee that construction would begin at once. ■ John Ihlder, executf/e officer of the Housing Authority, refused to release the priorities, but said he would aid the private builders to obtain an additional "10 priorities for colored housing here. His refusal to release those held by the NCHA was based on grounds that such ac tion would not add to the total sup ply of colored housing end that the NCHA has made “too mjny commit ments’’ to cancel its. -■c onstruction plans at this time. Chairman Burton of the subcom mittee urged that the private build ers accept Mr. Ihlderi- offer of aid to obtain authorization tor the ad ditional units because ,f the great seriousness of the co. red housing shortage. Mr. Wilkes ,.iid the pri vate builders already have unsuc cessfully sought additional authori zations. He said thfy would be eager to build both the 740 units for which the NCHA h- Ids priorities and as many additions i units as will be approved by the War Produc tion Board. Mr. Wilkes contented that Mr. Ihlder's refusal to release the NCHA priorities to private enterprise is inconsistent with his frequently re peated statement tha t "public hous ing seeks only to do that which pri vate enterprise will not or can not do.’’ The NCHA has had its 740 priori ties since last September or October but construction has not started. Mr. Wilkes pointed out. Mr. Ihlder said the agency expects to begin construction of the units in June and to complete them in 120 days. Mr. Wire would be ready to start construction within one week after "Federal Housing Administration processing” could be completed and would finish them within three months. Mr. Wilkes told the sub committee. Motives Assailed. Earlier in today's hearings. Mr. Ihlder charged that private builders have attempted to discredit the Na tional Capital Housing Authority in order to cover up weaknesses in their own slum-reclamation pro posal. Mr. Ihlder said the builders’ slum reclamation plan "could not stand for a minute on the basis of merit.” The attack on the housing author ity has been designed to distract at tention from the private builders’ proposals "in order that they could be slipped in unobtrusively,” he said. Mr. Ihlder maintained that in their slum-reclamation plan the builders are asking District taxpay ers to give them two subsidies in place of the one subsidy—tax ex emption-given the NCHA. Sees 3-point Campaign. Mr. Ihlder charged that members of the National Association of Home Builders are "attempting to sell their birthright for a mess of pottage” by changing the building industry into a "Government-supported operation dependent on subsidies.” The builders' campaign has been divided into three parts, he said: An attempt to discredit NCHA account ing, an attempt to discredit the agency’s construction and submis sion of their own slum-reclamation plan. A 12-page statement in defense of NCHA financing and accounting practices was read to the subcommit tee by A. J. Haskell, chief of the agency’* finance and account* of Iflce. Stabilization Of Prices and Wages Claimed Findings in Study Of Living Costs For Year Revealed (Text of Report on Page A-4.) President Roosevelt today re leased a report on the stabiliza tion program which maintained that living costs have been held ‘‘without change of any conse uence” in the last year, and that “wages have been stabilized.” The report. Issued to mark the first anniversary of the President's hold-the-line stabilization order, which was promulgated a year ago tomorrow, was made public by Mr. Roosevelt at fils news conference and received his Indirect indorse ment. Fred M. Vinson, economic stabi lization director; Chester Bowles, price administrator; Marvin Jones, war food administrator, and William H. Davis, War Labor Board chair man. prepared the report, which Mr. Roosevelt described as impor tant, because it showed how the Government was trying to keep prices from going up through the roof and ultimately bankrupting everybody in the country. Coming at a time when organized labor is pressing for relaxation of wage controls, the report said the stabilization program has worked so well that “the cost of living as a whole" is actually lower today than it was a year ago and that wages have been stabilized,” “We must not jeopardize these gains by any change of policy or relaxation -of effort in the critical months ahead,” it said. Record Clean on Wages. The officials told the President “we can report that the task of stopping the rise in prices has thus far been carried out,” adding that "on wages, too, the record is clear.” They explained that the stronger controls provided in the second stabilization law cf October, 1942, have been put in effect and "as a result, the cost of living, which be fore the hold-the-line order was rising three-fourths of 1 per cent a month, has for a solid year been held without change of any conse quence.” The officials emphasized that “this record—one year of stable living costs—is unprecedented either in this war or in the last war.” The report conceded that there have been increases in some items, for example clothing, but it said these have been fully offset by de creases in the prices of other items, notably foods. Tangible Benefits Reported. The four officials declared "stab ilization has brought tangible—in deed bankable—benefits to all groups”. They declared stabilization had paid off on every hand in last ing rather than illusory benefits and had been of benefit particularly to some 20,000,000 persons whose in comes cannot be boosted to keep pace with rising prices. The report noted that stabiliza tion had aided, all groups. It said that corporation profits both be fore and after taxes rose in 1943 above the record-breaking levels of 1942 and that the net income of farmers similarly advanced to an other all-time high. It added that while basic wages have been held, the average weekly earnings have also moved to a new high ground and “with the cost of living, these earnings have not been frittered by rising prices.” “The need for continued restraint and continued co-operation with every phase of the stabilization pro gram is evident” the report de clared, adding: “Obviously, too, we should cling tr the policies and machinery which have served us so effectively so far.” ' The President was asked if the re port was intended as an answer to current demands to “shatter the Little Steel formula,” which regu lates wages, and he replied that it was not intended as an answer to anything, but as a statement of fact. Formula Under Attack. The CIO United Steel Workers now have a wage proceeding before the War Labor Board which would break through the Little Steel ceil ing. The American Federation of Labor also has been presenting arguments before a WLB panel for relaxation of wage controls, j On the wage question, the report noted that some adjustments had to be made to correct gross in equities, eliminate substandards of living and give effect to the Little Steel formula. The general effect of the policy, it said, has been to raise earnings of low wage groups or some of those which lagged be hind the general wage upswing. Nevertheless, total earnings have gone up, the report added, because of longer work hours, higher paying war jobs and incentives to produce factors not regulated by wage rate controls. But the basic wage structure has remained substantially unchanged, and w'ages have been stabilized, the report declared. It said that the entire stabiliza tion program was in jeopardy a year and a half ago, with the stabiliza tion line breaking sector after sec tor. When the President read a statement from the report that "prophets of disaster freely predict ed an inflationary route,” he paused to say he was not naming any names. Late Bulletin Biddle Clears CIO Group Attorney General Biddle said today an investigation of activities of the CIO’s Po litical Action Committee dis closed no violation of criminal provisions of the Federal Cor rupt Practices Act or of laws limiting the amount of elec tion campaign contributions. The inquiries were asked bj Representative Smith, Demo crat, of Virginia.