Newspaper Page Text
Mending Battle Crackups
'ASSEMBLY LINE' REPAIRS MENTALLY BROKEN YANKS (Sixth of a Series.) By THOMAS R. HENRY, Star War Correspondent. UNITED STATES MILITARY HOSPITAL IN ENGLAND (Bv Mail).—Psychoanalysis, per se, has little following at this hospitai, where broken personalities of American soldiers are repaired on an assembly line. First, the medical officers have little confidence in it. Second, they have no time for it. in their schedule which calls for turninc out a cured neurosis in less than a month. Still their philosophy is to leave no stone unturned which will help a man and some times, under the influence of the •'truth d r u g" amytal, a pa tient will reveal something out of the distant past which has con tributed to his present condi tion, and the airing of which goes far to cure the complex of symptoms. They tell of a Flying Fortress Thomu r. Henry pilot who was a recent patient. On a mission over Germany the head of his co-pilot, sitting beside him, was cut off clean by a piece of flak. The man brought his ship home safely and then ''blew.'’ He was an exceptionally difficult case, failing to respond well to the commoner methods of treatment. It was not so much the shock of the co-pilot's death and his own nar row escape which bothered him. But he had developed an overwhelming guilt complex. He blamed himself for having killed his comrade be cause he had not dodged that flak. Finally, in the twilight state which preceeds the deep slumber induced by amytal. he revealed the real djsis of his illogical attitude. For some years he had been an only child. Then a little brother had come into the family of whom he was excessively jealous. He was about 8 years old at the time. One day he had picked up the baby and started to drop him out of a three-story window. The mother had arrived on the scene in the nick of time. Then the horror of what he had been about to do had overwhelmed him. Ever since he had been ex cessively attentive to that brother to salve his own conscience. When they were parted by the war there was a gap in his w’hole scheme of things. He had compensated for it by subconsciously substituting the co-pilot for the brother. When the man was killed he had felt, still subconsciously, that he had at last, by an adverse fate, carried out the impulse of his long past childhood. He had murdered his little brother and must go through all eternity with the curse of Cam on his brow. This only had to be explained to him, to be brought into the open out of his subconscious, to clear up his neurotic symptoms. Boy Thought He Died. One day they brought in a boy who was almost completely para lyzed. He could only move his eyes and mouth. Yet his muscles and their nerve connections were found intact. He also proved a hard case. "Please bury me” would come his wierd whisper. “I’m dead. I’ve been dead so long.” It finally developed that he was the son* of an -dVerscrupulous mother who had worried exces sively over his health. Every since he was a small child she had told him that if he got his feet wet he "would catch pneumonia and die.” She had always emphasized the "die.” This boy had been a brave soldier. He had not feared Ger man bullets. But deep in his sub conscious mind had remained the childhood terror of getting his feet wet. One night he had ’ been pinned down by enemy shellfire in a heavy rain from which there was no shelter. It was cold. He was soaked to the skin. The next day he had a bad cold and a pain in his chest. But he was a hardy youth and suffered no serious phy sical aftereffects. But if getting his feet wet meant »---___ "die.- how much more so getting his whole body wet. His subcon scious kept telling him he could not possibly be alive after such an ordeal. So he had "died.” When this background was known it had only required a little explanation to bring him very much alive again. Then there was the soldier whose whole severe neurosis could be traced to the childhood memory of a little playmate who had died of spinal meningitis. There was an epidemic of the dreaded disease in the neighborhood. His parents had watched him overscrupulously for the earliest symptoms. They were deeply imbedded in his subcon scious. In the Army he developed a severe headache and stifl neck. It was actually a trivial matter, but his subconscious kept telling him ne at last had contracted the dreaded meningitis and that the days of his life were nearly num bered This had set up an anxiety complex which had led to all sorts of complications. He recovered with a little psychotherapy together with amytal and insulin. Revolving Circle. The theory followed here is that an anxiety neurosis becomes an endlessly revolving cycle. First some stimulus—it may be a terrible experience or it may be some relatively insignificant experience which touches off a latent com plex-starts various chemical changes in the body. These in turn lead tc symptoms, such as paraly sis, which cause fear. This takes the place of the original stimulus and sets up more chemical changes. Thus it may go on until the end of the victim's life, making him always an invalid, unless the vicious circle can be broken some where. With the “shotgun therapy” used here there is always a good chance of cracking one of its links. Many Army doctors, and often bluntly honest family physicians tired of having their offices clut tered with neurotic patients, will tell such a person frankly that there is nothing wrong with him, that all his symptoms exist only “in the imagination.” Arrfty doctors also are prone to believe a soldier in whom nothing organically wrong can be found has come on sick call to escape K. P. Not in frequently, of course, they are Fight, as an old soldier no longer in danger of a kitchen assignment will gladly testify. But sometimes they couldn’t possibly be more wrong. “Rankest Sort of Heresy.” At any rate the words "in your imagination” are the rankest sort of heresy around here. I think Lt. Col Ernest Parsons, the hospi tal commandant, would court martial any medical officer or nurse he heard using them. For an anxiety neurosis doesn’t exist in a man's imagination—at least not bpv.tb* Una* lie reache* this establishment. Tw imagination is only one fac tor—perhaps the gate of entry for the fearsome experience which set going the chemical changes which are largely responsible for the organic symptoms. A patient hasn't the slightest chance of getting well unless he is convinced that some thing coastructive is being done for him It is useless to tell him: “There is nothing the matter with you.” His arm is paralyzed, and that is matter enough, so far as he is concerned. Once the process of cure is under way. however, group psy choterapy is used in the form of lectuies where the relations be tween brain, nerves and body are explained simply—insofar as they are known. This understanding of his own case may help prevent a relapse. First Came Congratulations, Then a 12:10 AM. Wedding Kronheim-Stahl Rites Delayed Due to Date On Marriage License Most of the 200 guests at the wed ding reception didn’t know it. but the congratulations they offered Miss Judith Elaine Kronheim and Lt. Samuel S. Stahl. U. S. N., R.. were a trifle premature last night. Miss Kronheim. daughter of Milton Kronheim, wholesale liquor dealer, was scheduled to become the naval lieutenant’s bride at 7 p.m. at a ceremony attended by the families and intimate friends in the May flower Hotel. Following a dinner for the family, the wedding recep tion was scheduled for 9 p.m. Everything went off on schedule except the marriage. Instead of the official ceremony, the young couple were blessed and the wedding party was told the ceremony would be performed later. No announcement, however, was made to the guests who came to attend the reception. At 12:10 am. today, long after most of the reception guests had gone home, the family and close friends gathered again and Rabbi Gerstenfeld performed the wedding ceremony. According to friends, the only in dication given the reception guests that the wedding didn’t go off on schedule was the presence through out the evening of the wedding party, including Lt. and Mrs. Milton Kronheim, jr„ who had to cancel a 10 p.m. train reservation for their return to Newport, R. I., where the bride’s brother is stationed. The Marriage License Bureau ex plained today that the young couple applied on April 3 for a license. When they called to get the license yesterday, the bureau told them the five days weren’t up until today. A bureau clerk said she agreed to post date the license when they suggested they could marry after midnight. The clerk said she made a note on the side of the license that it was postdated and warned the couple the marriage was not valid unless they observed the deadline. The bride is a graduate of West ern High School and attended G e or g e Washington University. Lt. Stahl, who is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Stahl of Peabody, Mass., is a graduate of Cornell Uni versity and also attended the Har vard School of Business Adminis tration. MRS. SAMVEL S. STAHL. —Harris-Ewing Photo. Judge Bentley Protests Making Youth 'Scapegoat' Judge Fay L. Bentley of the Juve nile Court protested yesterday that Washington youth is being made the "scapegoat” in the community's fail ure to meet their needs. Discussing juvenile problems be fore the Junior Board of Commerce, Judge Bentley declared that public institutions here are poor, that men leaders of youth are being drafted and that slum housing is con tributing to delinquency. She also asserted that in many instances children are given re sponsibilities for which they have no preparation. i WASHINGTON NEWS WASHINGTON, D. C. SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1944. ** Nursery Schools Held Up by Lack Of Teachers Seven Units Have Equipment and Pupils But No Instructors Seven nursery schools, one of them—The Mott—scheduled to open Monday and the rest within five weeks, must remain closed for lack of teachers, school officials an nounced today. Equipment for all the schools has been received. Close to capacity numbers of children have already applied. But each school must have three teachers before it can open. Miss Catharine S. Doonan, day care administrator under the Board of Education, said. For these 21 po sitions she has received only seven applications, and these have not yet been accepted under the educational qualifications of the Board of Edu cation. 12 Schools Already Open. Of the 12 schools already open, Miss Doonan said, the H. D. Cooke is understaffed, but has been kept open by the “sacrifice and overtime work” of the two teachers remain ing The other centers still have their quota of three, but have been granted money by the Federal Works Agency to employ six extra teachers. No applications have been received either for the Cooke position or for these six extra po sitions, Miss Doonan said. Robert L. Haycock, superintend ent of schools, has issued two pleas within the last six weeks for nursery teachers with college degrees and specialized nursery training. He received only enough replies. Miss Doonan said, to fill vacancies in the existing staff. Several teachers have moved to other cities, she said. There is also need of elementary school teachers and mathematics and physical education teachers for the high schools, Mr. Haycock said. The nursery school shortage, how ever, has become more serious in recent weeks, he said. Range of Salaries. Salaries for the positions range from $1,900 to $2,300 a year. Each teacher works eight hours a day, six days a week, but her hours are staggered between 7 a m. and 7 p.m. Opening of the Mott for colored pupils at Fourth and W streets N.W. has been postponed “indefi nitely.” The others for colored pu pile are the Syphax, First and R streets S.W.; Parkside, Fortieth and Kenilworth avenue N.E.. and the J. F. Cook, in the vicinity of North Capitol and P street N.W. The schools for white pupils are the Highlands, 400 Atlantic avenue S.E.; Barney, 472 N street S.W., and the Bellevue, located at the Bellevue Naval Research Laboratory. Given sufficient teachers, Miss Doonan sa>6, she could open the Syphax. Barney and Highlands cen ters within 10 days and the other Today Marks Start of Passover Bethesda-Chevy Chase Center to Hold Supper Sundown today marks the begin ning of the impressive, week-long Feast of the Passover, through which orthodox Jewish families ob serve the Festival of Freedom, com memorating the exodus of the Israelites from Egyptian bondage. The Passover, which lasts until sundown next Friday, brings dietary restrictions, including the eating of matzos, unleavened bread. Ortho dox families always have a vacant place for the Prophet Elijah, the absent guest W'hose coming is be lieved to herald the Messianic age. The USO office in the Jewish Community Center, Sixteenth and Q streets NW, has made plans for servicemen and service-women away from home to attend a “Seder” today at the Mayflower Hotel. Chap lain Aryeh Lev of the Office of the Army chief of chaplains will pre side. There will be accommodations for 1,400 guests. The Bethesda-Chevy Chase Jew ish Community Center will hold a Passover supper tomorrow evening. The group has invited servicemen from the Naval Hospital in Bethesda and Walter Reed Hospital to attend. The Beth Sholom Synagogue, Eighth and Shepherd streets N.W.! will observe the holiday tonight with services for Government em ployes. Daily Rationing Reminders^ Canned and Frozen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4, blue stamps A-8. B-8 C-8, D-8, E-8. F-8, G-8, H-8, J-8 and K-8 good indefinitely. Blue stamps L-8, M-8, N-8, P-8 and Q-8 valid May l and good in definitely. Each stamp worth 10 points. Blue tokens are being used as change. April point values of canned peas and frozen fruits and vegetables reduced to zero; canned carrots reduced 2 points. Meats. Fats, Etc.—Book No. 4, red stamps A-8. B-8, C-8, D-8, E-8 F-8, G-8, H-8 and J-8 good in definitely. Stamps K-8, L-8 and M-8 valid April 9 and good indefi nitely. Each stamp worth 10 points. Red tokens are being used as change. Point values on butter and most meats unchanged over March. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay two ration points for each pound of waste kitchen fats you turn in. Sugar—Book No 4, stamp 30 valid for 5 pounds indefinitely. Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 pounds for home canning through Febru ary 28, 1945. Stamp No. 31 good for 5 pounds indefinitely. Gasoline—No. 9-A coupons good for 3 gallons through May 8. B-2, C-2, B-3 and C-3 coupons good for 5 gallons each. Fuel Oil—Periods No. 4 and 5 cou pons good for 10 gallons per unit through September 30. Consum ers in this area should not have used more lhan 90 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil ration as of April 3. Hotel Waiters Win Right to 10 Per Cent Tip Waiters at banquets in the major Washington hotels henceforth must be guaranteed a 10 per cent tip or have the privilege of "passing the plate’’ to guests, it was learned today. This provision is included in a new contract between the local unit of the Hotel and Restaurant Em ployes’ Internationa' Alliance and members of the Hotel Association of Washington, which includes all the majoi hostelries The contract, it was learned, was approved by the regional office of the War Labor 3oard at Phila delphia on March 8, and is retroac tive to last October 1. Under the contract, the person oi organization sponsoring the ban quet must guarantee the waiters 10 per cent of the total cost of the meals served all guests. Otherwise, the waiters may solicit a separate tip from every one present. Masked Intruder Robs 3 on Time Schedule After Death Threats Flashes Knife to Warn Five Against Outcry in Doctor's Home Here Apparently working on a time schedule, a masked thief who flashed a knife this morning entered the home of Dr. J. L. Sherman at 6424 Seventh street N.W., threat ened five persons and fled after robbing three of them of approxi mately $35 and a wrist watch. Gaining entrance through an un locked basement door, the intruder first entered the bedroom of Dr. Sherman's sister, Mrs. Henrietta Finer, 48, of Brooklyn, N. Y. She had arrived in Washington only a few hours before for an Easter reunion with another brother in the Navy who is expected to arrive home today. As the story was put together to day by police, the intruder awaken ed Mrs. Finer and warned her not to make an outcry. "If you do, I’ll kill you,’’ he whispered. Looking at his watch, Mrs. Finer told police, he said, "I've got to work fast because the job has got to be done in 5 minutes’ time.” The man was described as tall and slim, with smooth, dark hair and dark eyes. After unsuccessfully trying to shove Mrs. Finer into a clothes closet, the thief gagged her with a towel, took $20 from her purse and left the room. He then entered the bedroom where Dr. Sherman and his wife were asleep. Threatening them with a knife, he took approximately $10 from Dr. Sherman’s wallet. As the man prepared to leave through the front entrance, the front door was opened by Dr. Sher man’s daughter, Phyllis, who was returning home with her escort, Harry Bordow, 701 Seventh street SB., « Navy Yard employe. The masked thief then robbed Mr. Bondow of approximately $5 and his wrist watch and fled after warning the couple to remain silent. Two Children Die In Flames at Home Mother Held to Prevent Frantic Dash Into House Two Prince Georges County chil dren, aged 2 and 5. were burned to death yesterday in their home at 5959 Rollins avenue, Capitol Heights, while neighbors held their mother to keep her from entering the burning building. Members of the Capitol Heights Volunteer Fire Department said the children, James Lusby, 2, and Bev erley Lusby, 5, sons of Mr. and Mrs. James Lusby, were found huddled together in a playroom in the house. Efforts of the Bladensburg rescue squad to revive them failed. Firemen said flames enveloped the five-room house when an oil stove exploded in a room next to the play room. They said Mrs. Lusby, who was visiting neighbors when the fire started, ran home and tried to enter the flaming house, but was held back. The children were pronounced dead of burns and suffocation by Dr. William Brainin, Capitol Heights. A certificate of accidental death was issued by Dr. James I. Boyd, deputy county medical examiner. County Group ' Asks Isolation Care Hospital Prince Georges Federation Backs It As Postwar Project Tlie Prince Georges County Fed eration of Citizens’ Associations today was on record as favoring establishment of additional hospital facilities in the county to care for communicable diseases. (Under present conditions, con tagious disease patients from nearby Maryland and Virginia communities may be taken to Gallinger Hospital in the District for treatment. Local officials have complained that this insti tution is already overcrowded.) The federation, which met last night in the County Service Build ing, Hyattsville, presented The Star Trophy for outstanding civic work to Charles F. Luebner, 4309 Sheri dan street. University Park. While adopting a resolution pre sented by Frank Fierstein urging erection of a communicable disease hospital as a postwar project, the federation declared that such a hos pital should not be constructed in the vicinity of any incorporated town or unincorported community in the county. This provision was inserted in the resolution after Fred Gast, Chever ly, said his community is opposed to having such a hospital on the site of the Prince Georges General Hos pital. Mr. Fierstein then pointed out that the country has “plenty of land now lying idle which could be used for the erection of a hospital for communicable diseases." After members expressed doubt as to the ability of the county to finance such a project, Walter F. Mulligan, Federation president, said the State would be asked to con struct and maintain it. Luebner Praised. Mr. Luebner, 65, is chairman of the Federation’s Zoning Committee, and a member of the Parks and Flood Control and Laws and Legis lation Committees. A native of De troit, he came to the county in 1902 and retired in 1936 after 33 years of service in the Government Printing Office. He has been particularly active in attempting to alleviate flood condi tions at the Bladensburg Peace Cross, and for 27 years kept records of flood conditions there which he turned over to the Army engineers. He also was instrumental in hav ing the town • of Edmonston incor porated in 1924, and served on a committee to eliminate the grade grossing in Hyattsville and to re place it with the present overpass about 12 years ago. In presenting the trophy, Mr. Mul ligan told Mr. Luebner that “for more than 40 years you have worked for the betterment of Prince Georges County and have contributed your services unselfishly.” Indorses Baltimore Parkway. The federation also indorsed the proposed construction of a motor parkway between Washington and Baltimore, via the Anacostia Valley, as a postwar project. It w'as pointed out that the Government now owns virtually all the rights-of-way on such a route. Indorsement also was given a bill now pending in the House providing for the granting of commissions to members of the armed forces who have had training under the Civil Aeronautics Administration war training service program. After Daniel M. Green£, chairman of the Laws and Legislation Com mittee, said that the county com missioners have indicated their in tention to “dissolve” all special improvement districts which have been inactive for twro years, the federation said it would investigate and oppose such a move. D. C. Boxing Commission Reappointed tor 2 Years The Commissioners today reap pointed the three members of the District Boxing Commission to serve additional two-year terms. They are Chairman Claude W. Owen. Thomas P. Morgan, jr„ and Police Inspector Clarence Talley. Mr. Owen and Mr. Morgan are prominent in civic activities here. Mr. Owen has served on the com mission for eight years, and Mr. Morgan for four. Inspector Talley was named to the commisison last May, replacing Lt. John J. Agnew. STAR TROPHY AWARDED—Charles F. Luebner (left) as he was awarded The Star Trophy yesterday at the County Service Building, Hyattsville, by Walter F. Mulligan, president of the Prince Georges Federation of Citizens' Associations. —Star Staff Photo. CROSS BURNING THROUGH HOLY THURSDAY NIGHT— Electric lights in windows forming a cross were kept burning throughout Holy Thursday night in the otherwise dark ened American Federation of Labor Building at Ninth street and Massachusetts avenue N.W. Lights forming cross above the entrance to the YMCA, 1736 G street N.W., also were kept burning during the night. The practice, which has been followed in New York and Philadelphia for many years, was introduced to Washington by Father Joseph E. Gedra of Immaculate Con ception Church, Eighth and N streets N.W.—Star Staff Photo. OPA Seeks Warrant Against Driver for Bogus Gas Coupons D. C. Resident Admitted Passing Spurious Stamps, Officials Assert In the first case of its kind here, the District Office of Price Admin istration will ask the District attor torney’s office to swear out a war rant against a local resident on a charge of purchasing gasoline with counterfeit coupons, it was learned today. The motorist has admitted pass ing two spurious coupons In the purchase of 10 gallons of gasoline, OPA officials said. Several similar cases also are under investigation, they disclosed. In each instance, the illegal transactions were called to the at tention of OPA by gasoline station operators who recognized the cou pons as couterfeits, officials ex plained. Meanwhile, the OPA summing up results of a check of more than 400,000 gallons worth of coupons turned in tty stations during March, reported that ti per cent of the rations were found to be counter feits. As a result, 10 filling stations have been ordered out of the gaso line business. Eight of the 10 stations were sus pended from further dealing in gasoline by suspension orders and two had their gasoline inventories canceled by the charge-back of the illegal coupons. The two forced ^ut of business were listed by the OPA a*- George Great, operator of a station at 409 Fifteenth street N.E., and Henry’s Service Station, First ana K streets N.W. OPA said the charge-back of the Fifteenth street station was 4,940 gallons and the second operator, 3.710 gallons. Under OPA regula tions, the stations either had to make gooc the coupons alleged to be counterfeits or have their gaso line inventories cut by the amount represented in the illegal coupons. Pointing out that more than half the stations examined in March had onlv an insignifiicant number of counterfeits, officials expressed satisfaction over results of their drive to wipe out the gasoline black market here. 1 Man Killed, 2 Wounded In Three Fights Here A colored man was killed, another is in a serious condition with bullet wounds in the abdomen and a third suffered severe knife wounds fol lowing a wave of violence which last night brought police to three separate fights in response to neigh borhood complaints. Jesse James Jones. 74. colored. 604 Twenty-third street N.W., died early today following an altercation in which he was stabbed in the abdo men several times, police said. Police arrested John H. Fortune, 36, col ored. of the same address and charged him with the fatal assault. An inquest will be held in the case today. Aileen A. Smith, 22. colored, 1016 New Jersey avenue S.E., summoned police late last night and told them she had shot her brother, Wilson C. Knorl, 19, of the 1000 block of New Jersey avenue S.E. when he threatened her with a knife, police reported. Knorl is in Casualty Hos pital in a seriouS condition with gunshot wounds of the abdomen, po lice said. William D. Ellis, 31, colored, 1637 Eleventh street N.W., was arrested early this morning and charged with assault with a dangerous weap on by police, who said he slashed and seriously injured Walter John son, 39, colored, 1305 Q street N.W. The knifing occurred in a fight at the home of the former, police said. Northeast Council Urges Library Near Schools A suggestion that a proposed pub lic library for the Northeast section be located in the vicinity of schools in that area was made last night at an informal meeting of the Northeast Council of Citizens' As sociations at the 12th precinct po lice station, Seventeenth street and Rhode Island avenue N.E. Frank E. Harrison, president of the council, who presided, pointed out that a likely location for the library would be near the Taft Junior High School, the Burroughs Grammar School and the Bunker Hill Grammer School. Appropria tions to purchase the site for such a library were included in the Dis trict's 1944 budget, he said. Accountant Urges Cut From 6 to 5 Pet. In Pepco Return Government Witness Describes Lower Scale As 'Somewhat Liberal' Reduction of the rate of return allowed the Potomac Electric Power Co. from the present 6 per cent to 5 per cent was advocated today by Fred Kleinman. chief accountant of the Illinois Commerce Commission, at the annual rate hearings before the Public Utilities Commission. Mr. Kleinman, a witness for the Treasury Procurement Division, said he believed that the 5 per cent rate of return would permit Pepco a sufficient amount for its bond, pre ferred and common stock dividends. He described this lower rate of re turn as “somewhat liberal,” adding that certain issues of Pepco's pre ferred stock were now receiving too high dividends. Another Government witness, Dr. James C. Bonbright, chairman of the New York Tower Authority and professor of finance at Columbia University, also has urged a 5 per cent rate. ' CwBmh Protest Weighed. The PUC yesterday took undei adrisdment objection of Pepco at torneys to testimony of Mr. Klein man on the depreciation policies oi the utility under the sliding scale arrangement for rate determina tion. Mr. Kleinman had sought to shdw that since the interest on the de preciation reserves had been lower than the rate of return allowed the company on its rate base, it had received additional profits under the sliding scale. “The purpose of his exhibits has been fully disclosed,” declared S. R. Bowen attorney for Pepco. “They are basea upon false assumptions and a mathematical monstrosity." “Produced No Fact .” “This is the first time I can recall when a witness has produced no facts, but by false assumptions has produced a .set of figures on which you can’t make head nor tail,” declared Mr. Bowen. Gregory Hankin, commission member told Mr. Bowen that if he were correct in saying the assumptions made by Mr. Klein man in his exhibits and testimony were false, he ought to be able to prove £is contentions in cross examination. “It would dignifv these exhibits to cross-examine the witness,” re torted Mr Bowen. Mr. Kleinman said the present 20 per cent limitation on deprecia tion reserves was too low. advo cating instead that the limitation should be 33 ts per cent as a minimum. Glen Echo, Onen Tomorrow, Adds New Features Glen Echo amusement park will open at 1 p.m. tomorrow with a number of new midway features and no increase in prices, the manage ment announced today. Glen Echo Park can be reached on the Route 20 streetcar line or by driving out Massachusetts avenue extended. All the old amusement features— the roller coaster, the whip, dodgem rides, world cruise, flying scooters, pretzel and carrousel—will operate as usual this year. In addition, there is a new thriller called the octopus. There will be dancing to the orchestra of Paul Kain and his 12 musicians each night e::cept Sun day from 9 o'clock until midnight Refreshment stands and a cafe will be in operation. Zoo Is Assured Of Nuts Aplenty Over Holiday Small boys trying to feed pea nuts to animals at the Zoo are go ing to have some wholesale com petition. Four thousand pounds of Spanish peanuts and two cartons of Brazil nuts, condemned yesterday in Dis trict Court, were scheduled to be delivered to the Zoo today. Tlie nuts, seized from a local dealer and judged unfit for human consumption, will make quite a few tasty meals for the animals, accord ing to Chief Deputy Marshal Mi chael Kearney. Ernest Walker, assistant director o fthe Zoo, said the food would be used to supplement the animals' usual diet. Good Friday Services Bring Out Throngs Federal Workers, Others Released to Attend Devotions Washington worshipers are throng ing today to the solemn Good Friday services that bring toward a close Holy Week and the lenten season, ushering in the culminating Chris tian festival of Easter. Government workers will be re leased to attend the three-hour ob servance of Good Friday from noon to 3 p.m. and many thousands were expected to worship at Protestant and Catholic services throughout the city. Many private employers also allowed their employes time for the religious meetings. Sunrise Easter services will be held at 7:30 a.m. Sunday in the Amphitheater of the Arlington Na tional Cemetery, under auspices of the Grand Encampment of Knights Templar, which is sponsoring .the event for the 14th consecutive year. Prayer for Victory. Gen. George C. Marshall, Army Chief of Stall, will offer a prayer for victory, and Gen. John J. Pershing will place a cross of lilies on the Tomb of the Un known Soldier. Representativ e s from the Grand Commanderies of Knights Tem plar from most of the States will be headed by the grand comman der of the or der, Sir Knight Charles Noah Orr of St. Paul Minn. Mr. Orr will act as mas ter of ceremonies at the amphi theater. President Roosevelt, in a letter to the Rev. Dr. Frederick B. Harris, Senate chaplain and chairman of the Good Friday Observance Com mittee, said: "It is fitting that wa as a Nation should pray very hum bly in this season and this year of our trial, for divine blessing upon the work to which we have set our hands. It is fitting that we should consider well our own efforts, our own accomplishments in connection with this task.” Franklin Park Service. The Catholic Evidence Guild was to hold the 13th annual Everybody’s Good Friday Service in Franklin Park, Fourteenth and K streets N.W., from 1 to 2:30 p.m. The sta tions of the cross will be said and choral music heard. Army and Navy chaplains are holding three-hour services at va rious Government and service budd ies, beginning at noon. A Good Friday union service among churches of the North Capi tol street are^ is being held from . noon to 3 p.m. in the Memorial United Brethren Church, North Capitol and R streets, with the Rev. , Dr. E. H. Pruden, pastor of the First Baptist Church, as the speaker. Churches and pastors taking part include Bethany Baptist, the Rev. M. P. German: Atonement Lu theran, the Rev. R. L. Lang; Lin coln Road Methodist, the Rev. G. H. Bennett; Rhode Island Avenue Methodist, the Rev. E. A. Sexsmith; Eckington Presbyterian, the Rev. H. B. Wooding, and the United Brethren, the Rev. I, S. Ernst. Methodist Union. A Methodist union service was planned for 3 p.m. at the Mount Vernon Place Methodist Church, Massachusetts avenue and Ninth street N.W. Churches represented include Brookland. Dougiass Me ' morial. Lincoln Road, Waugh, Trin ity, Ryland and Bradburn. The Grace Lutheran Church, Six teenth and Varnum streets N.W., is open for nteditation and prayer from 12 to 3 o'clock. The pastor, the Rev. Dr. Gerhard E. Lenski, will conduct “The Service of the Seven Last Words” from 2 to 3. Participating in the Easter sun rise service at Arlington will be Dr. Harris, the Rev. Dr. James Shera Montgomery, chaplain of the House, and the Rev. Dr. John C. Palmer, grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Masons of the District. The local Knights Templar will be head ed by Samuel T. Parmer, grand commander of the District. Invitations have been sent to the iPresident and Mrs. Roosevelt, mem bers of the cabinet, members of Congress. Army and Navy officials and other Government, heads. The sermon will be delivered by the Right Rev. Oliver J. Hart. D. D„ bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania. The Ma rine Band will play. The service will be broadcast nationally by Co lumbia over WTOP. Dawn Youth Service. The Easter Dawn Youth Service will be held at 6:30 a.m. on the steps of the Jefferson Memorial, under the sponsorship of the Wash ington Federation of Christian Youth, a division of the Washing ton Federation of Churches. The Rev. Ralph W. Loew, associate pas tor of the Church of the Reforma tion, will preach on "The Christ in Our Midst.” An. all-youth chorus, directed by Warner Lawson, dean of music at Howard University, will feature the service. In case of rain, it will be held in the First Con gregational Church, Tenth and G streets N.W. A sunrise service at Fort Lincoln Heights, at 6:45 a.m., is expected to draw a crowd outnumbering the 25,000 who attended the 1943 gather ing. This service is sponsored by the Organized Bible Class Association. The Rev. Harry W. Burgan, chair man of the board of trustees of American University, will speak on “Easter's Meaning for Today.” A guard of honor from the American Legion will raise the colors. Taking part in the service will be Dr. Page McK. Etchison, president of the Bible Association; the Rev. Lloyd Black, director of the Chris tian Church Council; the Rev. R. Paul Schearrer, pastor of Takorr.a Park Presbyterian Church, and the Rev. Dr. Gerhard E. Lenski, pastor of Grace Lutheran Church. The west lawn of Faith Lutheran Church will be the scene of another dawn service at 6:30 o'clock. The Rev. Robert W. Long, pastor, will preach on "What a Difference Eas ter Makes."