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Rain and continued cool tonight. To morrow cloudy and continued cool. Temperatures today—Highest, 62, at 12:01 a.m.; lowest, 51, at 1:30 p.m. Yes terday—Highest, 74, at 4 p.m.; lowest, 51, at 5:45 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-21. Guide for Readers Page. •After Dark B-8-9 Amuseme’ts, A-18-17 Comics .....B-14-15 Editorials .A-18 Edit! Articles..A-ll Finance A-81 Pa««. Lost and Found, A-t Obituary_A*ll Radio _,—B-lB Society_B-3 Sports .A-18-19 Woman's Page, B-* ] An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,520. WASHINGTON, H. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1944—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. *** 1 i -r —— -----.* * _EKSSa THREE CENTS. ffiSST* Soldiers Use Force in Ejecting Montgomery Ward Chairman For Defiance of U. S. Seizure Avery Carried From Own Office on Advice Of Attorney General Ey the Associated Press. CHICAGO, April 27.—Two sol diers of the Army detail which seized the Montgomery Ward & Co. Chicago plant forcibly eject ed Sewell L. Avery, 69, company chairman, from his own offices today when he refused to yield even to President Roosevelt’s authority. The troopers carried Mr. Avery bodily out of the administration building. Attorney General Biddle said ejection of Mr. Avery, uncompro mising foe of the Government pro cedure invoked after a labor dis pute, was ordered after Mr. Avery refused to co-operated with Gov ernment officials who have taken charge. Mr. Biddle outlined to reporters the dramatic occurrences preceding Mr. Avery’s ejection. He said the Government was in possession, in tended to remain in possession and was anxious that the business he conducted without interruption and with the company staff continuing in operation. Refused All Co-operation. "When Mr. Avery reported at his office at 9:55 a.m. we asked him if he would co-operate and he refused ♦o do so,” Mr. Biddle said. “Mr. Avery was asked to turn over com pany books to Government book keepers so they could set up new books. He refused. "Mr. Avery told us he was the boss and would continue to do things his House Investigation Of Seizure Sought; Action Assailed Representative Dewey, Re publican, of Illinois today in troduced a resolution providing for appointment of a commit tee to investigate the seizure of Montgomery Ward & Co.’s Chi cago plants. Declaring he and other mem bers of Oongress are “outraged” over this use of executive power, Mr. Dewey contended Attorney General Biddle en gaged in a “high-handed and un-American procedure” in rul ing that the company is in war work and thus vulnerable to Government conscription be cause of its labor dispute. He has sent telegrams to Mr. Biddle asking under what legal authority the seizure was made, and to Sewell L. Avery, board chairman of the firm. The seized plants are in Mr. Dewey’s, congressional district. Other Congress members said they believed the political re percussions ' would be far reaching. way or not at all. We asked Mr. Avery if he would advise his staff to co-operate and he refused, and said he would instruct them to do the opposite.” Mr. Biddle said that then, “In view of his refusal to co-operate with the United States Government. Mr. Avery was told that we desired him to leave the plant. He refused to leave voluntarily. “Mr. Taylor (Undersecretary of Commerce Wayne C. Taylor, who took charge of the plant operations) on my advice instructed Maj. J. R. Weber (in charge of the Army de tail) to conduct Mr. Avery out of the building and not to let him re turn. Resisted Soldiers. • "Mr. Avery resisted, and was car ried bodily out of the plant. “When he is ready to co-operate with us and the United States Gov ernment we will be glad to have him back.” The entire dispute centered on the fact that Mr. Avery refused to com ply with directives by the War Labor Board and President Roose velt that Ward extend a contract with a CIO union pending further determination of the union’s claim to majority representation. Mr. Taylor, w'ho took charge yes terday under instructions from Sec retary of Commerce Jones, backed by Secretary of War Stimson under White House direction, said today that "Mr. Biddle is here to advise me as operating manager for the United States Government.” Mr. Taylor added that “we have done everything possible to obtain co-operation of Mr. Avery and his staff but thus far it turns out that that is impossible. Therefore we intend to operate this plant and hope to do so without loss of effici ency in the operating staff and em ployes and without loss to stock holders.” Officials Decline Assistance. Mr. Biddle said Federal officials were interfering as little as possible with normal functions of the firm and added: "As a matter of fact we are the people being interfered with.” He asserted John A. Barr and Stuart Ball, company attorneys who were present when Mr. Avery was ejected, had declined to co-operate, and that Harold L. Pearson, vice president and treasurer, refused to turn over the firm’s books. Ten top-flight executives of the company were in a closed meeting on the sixth floor of the big plant shortly before noon, a company spokesman disclosed, and it was re ported they were discussing whether they also should leave their offices. Those in the meeting were Clement D. Ryan, president; Mr. Pearson, R. S. Stevens, Bertram Prall, Harold E. Macdonald, vice presidents; Mr. Ball, Mr. Barr, Ralph G. Crandall, assistant secretary; Arthur R. Cahill (See MONTGOMERY WARD,A-2> Sewell L. Avery, 69, chairman of the board of Montgomery Ward & Co., is carried from the firm’s offices in Chicago today by two soldiers of the Army detail which seized the plant yes terday. Attorney General Biddle said Mr. Avery refused to co-operate with Government officials who have taken over the plant._—A. P. Wirephoto. Two Freighters Sunk In Lake Erie Crashes; 10 Believed Killed V Fog Blamed for Both Collisions; Aid Rushed To 26 Survivors By the Associated Press. CLEVELAND, April 27.—Two ship collisions occurred in a heavy fog which swept over Lake Erie at dawn today, resulting in the loss of 10 seamen and two lake freight carriers. The James H. Reed, operated by Pickands Mather Lines lor the Interlake Steamship Co. of Cleve land, sank about 40 miles north of Erie, Pa., after colliding with the steamer Ashcroft, operated by Ca nadian Steamship Lines, Ltd., of Montreal. Ten crewmen from the Reed were oelieved lost and 26 survivors were taken aboard the Ashdroft, which headed for Erie. second Collision In Fog. The Columbia Transit Co.’s steamer Frank Vigor was reported sunk in Pelee Passage of Western Lake Erie at about the same time after colliding with the steamer Phillip Minch, owned by the Kins man Transit Co. All members of the Vigor's crew were transferred to the Minch and there were no injured, the Coast Guard reported. The Reed, a 448-foot freighter built in 1903, was en route from Escanaba, Mich., to Buffalo, N. Y„ with a load of iron ore, and the Ashcroft was en route from Buffalo to Toledo to take on a load of coal. The Vigor was a 6,000-ton, 412 foot steel ship, traveling from Chi cago to Buffalo with a load of sulphur. Doctors Flown to Erie. Coast Guard officials said medical officers from Cleveland were being flown to Erie. At least three of the survivors were reported seriously in jured. Capt. Bert Brightstone, master, and R. O. Fletcher, chief engineer of the Reed, were said to be among the survivors. Canada Steamship Lines officials said in Montreal, “We do not know how many men were aboard the lake vessel,” and added they had received only scanty reports because adverse atmospheric conditions hampered ship-to-shore radio transmission. Attempts to contact the Ashcroft from Cleveland also were ineffective. Stettinius Talks to More United Nations Leaders By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 27.—Undersecre tary of State Stettinius, winding up his consultation in Britain, con ferred today with King Haakon and Crown Prince Olov of Norway; Ed uard Van Kleffens, the Netherlands Foreign Minister; Camille Gutt, Belgian Finance Minister; Lord Beaverbrook, lord privy seal; Sir John Anderson, chancellor of the exchequer, and Stanislaw Mikola jczyk, Polish Premier. Nazi-Turk Break Seen Franz von Papen, German Am bassador to Turkey, is returning to Berlin this week end, and a German propaganda broadcast said today he would not take back to Ankara the German views on Turkey’s suspen sion of chrome shipments to the Axis. This raised the possibility Germany was considering a break of relations with Turkey. New York Hotel Lobby Flooded By Broken Pipe By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, April 27.—A broker water standpipe released 3 inches of water in the lobby and mezzanine floors of the Hotel Pennsylvania today, drenching guests, delaying meetings and sending miniature Niagaras into entrances of a sub way station and the Long Island Railroad. Hotel employes soon found the break was caused by pressure pu1 on to extinguish a small fire on the 18th floor. Salvage operations in the hotel hindered somewhat by lobb? crowds, started immediately. Env ployes waded through the water te roll up dripping carpets and move furniture. The Are was under control wher the flood came but it was 20 minutes before the water could be cut off House Report Labels 'Races of Mankind' as 'Inaccurate' Work Declares War Is No Time To Circulate Pamphlets On Controversial Issues Ej- the Associated Press. The “Races of Mankind,” a publication of which 55,000 cop ies were purchased by the Army for distribution among students of its orientation course, was as sailed by a House Military Af fairs Subcommittee today as containing statements ranging “all the way from half truths through innuendos to downright inaccuracies.” Army distribution of the publica tion for study courses was halted the committee said, after complaints were made that the pamphlet sought to make an intellectual comparison between Northern Negroes and Southern white men. The subcommittee, headed by Representative Durham, Democrat of North Carolina, said it was “con vinced that wartime is no time tc engage in the publication and dis tribution of pamphlets presenting controversial issues or promoting propaganda for or against any sub division of the American people.” The book was written by Prof Ruth Benedict and Dr. Gene Welt fish of the Columbia University de partment of anthropology. Its pro moter was identified as the Public Affairs Committee, Inc., New York Publications of the Public Affairs Committee, Inc., the report contin ued, “are recommended by the Affili ated Schools for Workers (Com munist) and sold by Communis! book stores.” The committee said the book-! basic theme was that the races 01 mankind “are all brothers, but ever brothers in the same family are no: necessarily equal mentally, physi cally, socially, politically, or mo rally.” The most controversial statemeni in the book, the committee said purported to be the result of an in telligence test given soldiers of the last war, with “Southern white; from States having small educa tional appropriations” being com pared with "Northern Negroes froir States with much greater budgets to the detriment of the former.” Japs' Defenses On New Guinea Front Collapse Two Airfields at Holiandia and One At Madang Seized By the Associated Press. ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD QUARTERS, New Guinea, April 27.—Utter cdllapse of Japanese defenses at both ends of a 430 mile New Guinea war front, re sulting in seizure on the west of two airfields at Holiandia and a third on the east at captured Madang, was reported today by Gen. Douglas MacArthur. In four days, four airfields and three coastal bases were wrested from the Japanese. One airfield already is in use and engineers are rushing repairs on the other three. A fifth airfield, the big Holiandia airdrome, was expected to fall momentarily to pincer forces, end ing the assault phase of a big mil itary operation undertaken last Saturday. On the west, a force has moved 11 miles to the edge of the airdrome. On the east, another force is nearing a juncture. Aussies Take Madang. At Madang, bypassed in the amphibious thrust into Dutch New Guinea, Australians, who for months had moved slowly coastward from the Ramu Valley, overcame enemy rearguards to invest the supply base and its airfield on Astrolabe Bay. Large quantities of supplies and equipment fell to the captors. The entire invasion front of 150 miles between Holiandia and Aitape was crumbling. Holiandia village was taken on the second day. To day headquarters announced the oc cupation Tuesday of Aitape, 5 miles from Tadji airdrome which the Americans seized on the first day of the invasion and now is used by the 5th Air Force. Nowhere from Madang to Holian dia, between which some 60,000 Japanese are believed to be caught, was there a report of stiff enemy opposition. The thousands of 6th Army troops now about to join their pincers along a 34-mile road link ing the original beachheads at Tan ahmerah and Humboldt Bays in the Holiandia sector were slowed mainly by muddy jungle trails and swamps. Supplies Dropped From Planes. Despite the rugged terrain, the in vaders moved so fast that airplanes had to drop supplies as the troops pushed beyond vehicular roads. Monday night, the seldom-seen Japanese air force sent in 12 tor pedo planes to attack a destroyer off Holiandia, but they were driven off without damaging the warship. This kept intact the record of no losses among the naval armada, many of them units of the Central Pacific Fleet which supported the invasion. Fifth Air Force bombers continued to thwart enemy efforts to get set at bases to the northwest of Hol landia for counterblows. At Kamiri , Airdrome on Geelvink Bay, 400 miles beyond Holiandia, Liberators de stroyed 20 parked Japanese planes , and shot down three interceptors in a 30-minute battle. Secretary Knox Kept At His Home by Illness Secretary of the Navy Knox Is confined to his home here with an illness with which he was stricken while in Manchester, N. H„ last week, the Navy announced today. The Secretary, who was 70 years old on January 1, was stricken while attending the funeral of J. A. Muehling, his partner for 40 years.. The Navy announcement said Mr. Knox suffered a “gastro intestinal upset, complicated with dizziness.” I When the Secretary returned to Washington he was advised by his phjlsican to cancel his appointments for the time being and to rest at his home. Mr. Knox suffered a severe attack of influenza several weeks ago, and the Navy’s announcement said: “It is hoped he will take enough time from his official duties to secure a much needed rest.’’ Two Killed, One Injured In Train Derailment By the Associated Press. MEMPHIS. April 27.—Two train men were killed and at least one passenger seriously injured this morning when the Louisville & Nashville’s Pan American passenger train was derailed near Keeling, Tenn.. 35 miles from Memphis. Ambulances were rushed from Memphis to the accident scene, where three cars were overturned and two others were tossed across the track. The trainmen killed were C. J. Lewis, engineer, and J. P. Throg morton, fireman, both oi Memphis. Conductor M. R. Ham, also of Memphis, received an injured shoulder. 3,343 Army Casualties In Past Week Reported Army force# suffered 3,343 casu ’ alties in the past week, bringing the ■ total through April 15 to 14jj.425, ■ Secretary of War Stimsoni an ■ I nouncod today. j Mr. Stimson said the total in ieludes 25 582 killed, 00,166 wounded, ; 32,727 missing and 29,950 prisoners f j of war. Of the wounded, 33,077 have i returned to duty, and reports indi cate 1,679 American prisoners have ■ died in enemy camps, chiefly in ■ Japanese territory. Today's Bail Game Off , Rain this morning caused the ■ management of the Washington : baseball club to postpone the game ; scheduled for this afternoon between ■ the Nats and Boston's Red Sox. It ■ probably will be played as part of l a twilight-night double-header on , June 16, when the Red Sox next visit Washington. "" " "' . ..— Defendant's Illness May Cause New Trial of Sedition Case James True's Condition Reported Serious; Proceedings Halt With Jury Selection Near The absence and reported crit ical illness of James True, a defendant in the mass sedition case on trial in District Court, threatened today to nullify two weeks of preliminaries and the Government was confronted with the apparent alternative of moving to sever his case from that of his 29 alleged co-con spirators or having the trial start all over at a later date. Chief Prosecutor O. John Rogge refrained from discussing the pos sible course of the case pending a report on True's condition this afternoon. Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher adjourned the trial until noon and then prolonged the recess until 1:30 pm. Justice Eicher announced from the bench that Dr. Richard M. Rosenberg, a deputy coroner, would go to True’s home, 1803 North Quinn street, Arlington, Va., to examine the defendant for the court. Later it was learned that Dr. Rosenberg had been unable to go and Dr. Christopher Murphy, chief deputy coroner, had gone instead. Dr. Murphy was to consult with aphysi cian summoned by True’s wife, Dr. Stacy T. Noland, who had planned to see the patient during the morn ing. True’s attorney, J^Austin Latimer, (See SEDITION, Page A-20.) Nazi Efforts to Hold Sevastopol in Last Stages, Reds Say Russian Artillery Firing Pointblank Into Streets Of Crimean Port I By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, April 27.—Field dis patches from the Crimean front declared today that Soviet artil lery, commanding every street in Sevastopol, is firing point blank into the city and asserted that German attempts to hold out had definitely entered their last stage. “'The enemy still holds dead streets and squares,” said the army news paper Red Star, "but Soviet guns have reached the Germans and Romanians in their last shelters.” Nazis Still Hold Airdromes. It appeared that the Soviet high command had decided to wipe out the enemy at any cost, even though it might mean the complete destruc tion of what still remains of battered Sevastopol. The Red Star correspondent said the Germans still held airdromes in the suburbs of the once great naval base, but that they had been rendered unusuable. He declared Soviet dive bombers were co-operating with artillery in blasting the city. The dispatch added that Russian troops had captured an important hill near the city on which the Ger mans had located eight artillery and four mortar batteries. More Nazi Ships Sunk. A Soviet communique recorded in London said five Nazi transports presumably carrying Axis troops from Sevastopol had been sunk. In land fighting, the war bulletin said, 1,000 Germans were killed in two sharp but localized actions along the front, but the Russians made no mention of German and Ro manian reports of a renewed Red Army drive in the lower Dnestr River area. The five transports blasted in the Black Sea totaled 13,000 tons, the communique said. Two other trans ports were damaged and a landing barge and two patrol boats were sunk. Two thousand miles to the north the Red Air Force .spotted a con voy of Nazi transports in the Ba rents Sea, the bulletin said, and sank four transports totaling 20,000 tons, two patrol boats, a patrol launch and damaged two trans ports and a mine layer. Ten de fending German planes were downed and six Soviet aircraft were lost, it added. Clashes in' Old Poland. Southeast of Stanislawow in old Poland, Soviet tankmen wiped out a company of Germans and seized “a height of great importance,” the communique said, while more than 800 Germans were killed in a second clash in an unidentified sector of the second Ukraine front. Another 300 Germans were wounded, and the enemy lost 20 tanks and self propelled guns in a futile attack there, Moscow' added. The Nazis lost 52 tanks and 79 planes over the whole front on Tuesday, the Russians declared. A Romanian communique, broad cast from Bucharest and recorded by United States Government mon itors, declared the Russians had launched new attacks north of Iasi, capital of the Romanian province of the same name, and said heavy fighting was in progress. , Ancient China Capital Threatened by Japs Overrunning Honan Offensive Is Expanding In Heart of Wheat Area, Food Source of Millions By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, April 27—The Japanese offensive in Northern Honan is still expanding after overrunning about 1,800 square miles in nine days in the heart of the country where millions of famine-threatened Chinese had expected to reap a record wheat crop, Chinese dispatches said today. The ancient town of Loyang, six times the capital of China, was threatened as the Japanese smashed westward along the Lunghai rail way from the area of Chenghsien, the junction with the Peiping Hankow railway. Japanese efforts to storm Hulao Pass. 35 miles west of Chenghsien and halfway to Loyang, had failed, but they captured points southwest of the passage in a flanking move. Ten thousand more Japanese were reported moving westward from Kaifeng toward Chenghsien, and a column advanced 15 miles along the Peiping-Hankow railway and at tacked a point 40 miles south of Chenghsien. A sizable' force at Tengfeng, 40 miles southwest of Chenghsien. was said to have been checked effec tively, however. Chenghsien was believed to have fallen, although there still was no definite word. la Manchurian Divisions Reported in New Jap Drive KUNMING, April 24 (Delayed) UP).—The Japanese have drawn 18 divisions, largely from Manchuria, to the Chenghsien front in North ern Honan province and are em barked on a grandiose plan to link their conquests in North and South China by rail with 60,000 troops already in action, the Chinese said today. The fact that Japan has seen fit to draw some of her crack outfits from Manchuria was taken as an indication she is not jittery over Russia’s intentions. The Japanese also were reported concentrating forces in the Hankow area for a drive northward in con junction with the Chenghsien offen sive—twin drives which might make contact along the Peiping-Hankow Railway—and may also be preparing for an offensive move northward from Canton toward Hankow. American military officials believe a successful Japanese drive along the Canton-Hankow Railway would endanger and perhaps wipe‘out the footholds American airpower has established in Southeastern China and might add years to the war. $100,000 Fire Hits Carnegie Steel Offices By the Associated Press. PITTSBURGH, April 27.—Fire ripped through the block-long building housing the Carnegie Illinois Steel Corp. offices in Mun hall yesterday, causing damage esti mated by firemen at $100,000 and forcing scores of employes to flee to the streets. Company records were carried to safety by employes just before the second-floor roof collapsed. * Major Battle Looms In Burma as Allies Reinforce Kohima Stilwell's Chinese Make Spectacular Advance In Mogaung Valley By the Associated Prtss. SOUTHEAST ASIA HEAD QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, April 27.—A major battle ap peared imminent today as Al lied reinforcements streamed into Kohima, the gateway hill town guarding the valley en trance into the plains of Assam. The garrison of Kohima could be seen below by Japanese scattered in The nearby hills, and the reinforce ments rolled forward from Manipur under the eyes of the ehemy perched in hilltop fortifications. One of the enemy’s strongest points was Kohima village, about a mile west of the main town. Into this the British poured artillery fire. Kohima is 60 miles north of Imphal. It promises to be an in credible battlefield, with the men fighting both on the dense jungle valley floor and 6,000 feet above sea level, with the snowcapped Him alayas in the distance. It is con nected with the Bengal Assam rail way by a macadam road running to Dimapur. The Kohima garrison recently re ceived tanks to help expand its perimeter, and these battered at Japanese bunkers with their heavy guns and shot snipers from chim neys of houses. In North Burma, Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell’s Chinese scored a spec tacular success in the advance down the Mogaung valley with the cap ture of the village of Manpin, 10 miles north of Kamaing, Southeast Asia headquarters announced. The sudden success seemed to indicate Gen. Stilwell’s men had broken the back of Japanese re sistance. Although not on the main high way traversing the Mogaung valley, Manpin is connected by good trails with Kamaing, which is about 24 miles northwest of the important Burma railway town of Mogaung, thus giving the Allies a springboard for a push toward that objective. Gen. Stilwell’s forces on the east side of the Mogaung valley appar ently had gained 6 miles in the last 24 hours. (A delayed dispatch from Asso ciated Press War Correspondent (SeeMBURMA, Page~A-2Cr) French Coast Blast Rocks British Towns Miles Away Ey the Associated Press. LONDON, April 27.—A terrifice explosion on the French coast— from the same direction as others heard in recent days—rocked Deal and other British towns along Dover Strait today, suggesting the Germans were doing an llth-hour, rush-order blasting job for their West Wall defenses. The ground shuddered, houses rocked, doors were sprung and locks flew open. The explosion might have been part of the Allied night aerial at tack, but coastal residents said that, if so, it must -have been a super colossal blockbuster. The explosion was preceded by a half hour of gunfire out in the strait, possibly indicating another naval skirmish. BULLETINS Jockey Kirk's Leg Broken PIMLICO, Md. (Special).— Carson Kirk, Silver Spring jockey, suffered a broken leg when his mount bolted in the second race today. Kirk, lead ing rider of the meeting, was astride Man o’ Foot. The horse broke toward the inside rail and Kirk's leg was caught by the fence. The jockey was thrown to the track. He was taken to a Baltimore hospital. Army Rejects Rudy York DETROIT (A*).—Rudy York, Detroit Tigers’ first baseman, was rejected by Army physi cians at his preinduction physical examination today. Maj. S. A. Moore, head of the induction center here, said York was rejected because of loose cartilage in his knee, re sult of a basket ball injury. 2.000 Planes Blast Germany And France Schweinfurt, Essen And Atlantic Wall Fortifications Hit By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 27.—Two thou sand Allied planes slammed per haps 6,000 tons of bombs on Nazi targets in the gigantic pre invasion air offensive today, American bombers pounding heavily at the German Atlantic wall after an RAF assault on Essen, Schweinfurt and rail yards near Paris. Well over 1,000 British bombers rained- possibly 4,500 tons of explo sives and incendiaries on the Nazi cities and rail target by moonlight, opening the 13th consecutive day of bombing. Then 500 to 750 American Lib erators and Flying Fortresses lashed out against military objectives in Northern France, supported by 260 to 500 fighters. Mustangs and Thunderbolts from the fighter-bomber section of the 9th Air Force hit five targets in Belgium today, including the Haine St. Pierre Railroad yards, without suffering a loss, it was announced. The German radio declared Allied planes roared into Southern and Southwest Germany this morning— possibly coming from Italy to make the day operations a two-way blow— and that great air battles were raging. 29 British Bombers Lost. Twenty-nine big British bombers were lost in the triple assault on the armaments city of Essen—the “Pittsburgh of Germany”—Schwein furt and its ball-bearing factories and the railways at Villeneuve St. Georges, 15 miles southeast of Paris. Mosquito bombers also attacked the port of Hamburg, with two planes lost, and other bombers laid mines. German bombers apparently in tent on harassing invasion mobili zation struck at the English coast three times during the night, and Berlin identified objectives as the naval base of Portsmouth and other harbors. Two hours after the main assault on Essen, home of the Krupp Works, a great area of fire over spread the city and smoke rose 20.000 feet, the Air Ministry de clared. The Schweinfurt bombing was “particularly well concen trated." Ninth Attack on Essen. Essen once was the main prop of the German heavy armament in dustry, and was last pounded by more than 750 British bombers March 26 and by Mosquito squad rons on April 8. This was the ninth attack on Essen, a 600-mile round trip per mitting the raiders to carry heavy bomb loads. The Air Ministry dis closed recently that the Germans had rebuilt extensively in the city, which once had been believed knocked out of the war. Schweinfurt, hammered repeatedly by American heavy bombers, is in Southwest Germany 475 miles from British bases, and once produced half of all the Nazis’ ball-bearings. Some of the costliest air battles of the war have been fought in the American blows on Schweinfurt. The Nazi-controlled Paris radio declared that Paris had been under attack for more than an hour and said the raid “cost the lives of many Frenchmen.” The RAF has been hitting steadily at prime rail targets in this sector. U. S. Raiders Unchallenged, The RAF strike against Essen and Schweinfurt followed an assault on Brunswick Wednesday by 250 to 500 American Fortresses and Lib erators with 1.500 tons of bombs, in which not a bomber was lost. No German fighters rose to challenge the bombers’ large fighter escort. In other operations yesterday, light bombers struck military objec tives in Northern France and Bel gium; Marauders, Thunderbolts and A-20 Havoc light bombers raided the rail centers at Louvain and Saint Ghislain; Mitchells and Bostons also plastered Saint Ghis lain; United States fighters at tacked German airdromes in France, destroying grounded planes, and RAF Spitfires penetrated into Germany for the first time, shooting up parked gliders without loss. Six American fighters were lost during all operations. Wright Pilots Constellation After 25 Years' Inactivity Ey the Associated Press. DAY-TON, Ohio, April 27.—Orville Wright, first man to fly a heavier - than-air machine, piloted the world’s newest and biggest trans port plane over Wright Field here for a few minutes yesterday. His turn at the controls of the Lockheed ‘’Constellation” was his first spell of piloting in 25 years, his 50-minute flight was his first trip aloft since June, 1939. and it all, he said, was “wonderful.” The 73-year-old veteran of avia tion took a demonstration hop in the mammoth transport with news men and Wright Field Army offi cials after the big ship flew in from Washington—via New York and Paterson, N. J.—in two hours and four minutes. When he descended he said “I enjoyed every minute of it.” “I guess I ran the whole plane for a minute,” he said, “but I let the machine take care of itself. I always said airplanes would fly themselves if you left them alone.” Sarnoff Gets Allied Post LONDON, April 27 t/P).—Col. David Sarnoff, in private life president of the Radio Corp. of America, has been appointed special consultant to the communications branch of the public relations office, supreme headquarters of the Allied Expedi tionary Force announced today.