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Clear, lifeht frost, low near 39 tonight. Tomorrow fair, rising temperature. Temperatures today—Highest, 55, at 1:30 pjm.; lowest, 44, at 7 a m. Yester day—Highest, 62, at 12:01 a.m.; lowest, 49, at 7:40 p.m. Lote New York Markets, Poyg A-11. Guide for Readers Page. Amusements ...B-24 Comics_l.B-22-23 Editorials .A-6 Editor’l Articles, A-7 Finance .A-11 Lost and Found, A-3 Page. Obituary .A-lg Radio .B-23 Society ..B-3 Sports....A-S-fl Where to G0...B-11 Woman’s Page, B-1S ~ An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,521. _WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 28, 1944—THIRTY-SIX PAGES. *** ZffSSA THREE CENTS. S&ST* Resolution Calling for Probe Of Ward Seizure Sent to House As Democrats Override Sabath Uproarious Session Of Rules Committee Demands Action BULLETIN. A resolution proposing a congressional investigation of the Government’s seizure of the Montgomery Ward & Co.’s Chicago plant was pushed through the House Rules Committee by a bi-partisan bloc today and sent to the floor for consideration, de spite the opposition of Chair man Sabath. Refusing to disclose the ex act committee vote, Mr. Sab ath said the resolution was approved “by the slightest of margins” and added: “I don’t know when the resolution will come up in the House. I’ll have to consult with the Speaker and by that time I think everything will be settled and adjusted.” By the Associated Press. In an uproarious session today two Democrats joined Repub licans and helped force imme diate House Rules Committee consideration of a resolution for a congressional investigation of the Government’s seizure of the Montgomery Ward & Co. Chicago plant. Representatives Cox, Democrat, of Georgia and Smith, Democrat, of Virginia, co-author of the antistrike Act, joined with Republican com mittee members to obtain right-of way for consideration of the reso lution calling for a special congres sional committee to investigate the Ward seizure. Opening the hearing over the ob jection of Chairman Sabath, the Rules Committee called Representa tive Dewey, Republican, of Illinois, author of the resolution, as the first witness. Mr. Dewey termed the seizure a “high handed and un-American procedure,” adding: “I am not informed! on the char* acter of the labor dispute in Mont gomery Ward’s, but there is an or derly procedure for handling such disputes. What I want to find out is whether there' Is any authority for the action that has been taken there. I have had messages from all parts of the country saying “Thank goodness, we have a Con gress to look after our rights.” Mr. Sabath asked if “those same people who are complaining now” did not recommend seizure of the coal mines. ivu. ucwcy icpucu. rv ww mmc, when war is on and coal is being rationed, is a war proposition. You can’t put merchandising in the same class. Montgomery Ward's is like any little country store.” “When is this thing going to reach the hamburger stand and the peanut vendor?” Mr. Cox asked. “That’s what I want to know,” Mr. Dewey replied. “Do the strikers in the plant call the tune to whioh the Government is dancing?” Mr. Cox inquired. “I don’t know, but what I want to know is whether there is any law or constitutional power or special emergency power existing to take over private property,” Mr. Dewey said. Representative Allen, Republican, of^Illinois, a committee member, de clared: "If they can take a store building, then they can take your home.” Sabath Sought Delay. Mr. Sabath, who previously had indicated the resolution might be sidetracked, retorted: “A mail order house is not greater than the Government. Montgomery Ward was on the verge of bank ruptcy when the New Deal took over, and I understand it made $20, 000.000 last year.” Representative Michener, Republi can, of Michigan said the Ward seizure “is a terrible thing, and we must treat it as such a thing.” Mr. Sabath attempted to stave off consideration of the investigation resolution after Mr. Cox had made a motion, seconded by Mr. Smith, that the Rules Committee proceed immediately on the resolution. Other Matters Cited. The chairman told the committee he had invited witnesses to be heard today on a bill to require the Gov ernment to pay for War Bond ad vertising in small newspapers, and he ordered the hearing on this measure to proceed. Mr. Cox insisted “there is ur gency” about the Ward matter, and Mr. Sabath was overruled. Representative Church, Repub lican, of Illinois, meanwhile, an nounced receipt of a telegram from Gen. R. E. Wood, chairman of the board of Sears-Roebuck & Co., a competitor of Montgomery Ward, protesting the seizure as “an out rage” and a violation of the Consti tution. Sees Law Violated. Gen. Wood, a resident of Mr. Church’s district, telegraphed from New York: “The action of the President in taking possession of Montgomery Ward & Co. is an outrage, a viola tion of the Constitution and a vio lation of the law. “If this action is legal, the Presi dent can take possession of any merchant’s property or for that matter of any business in the United States. I hope you as a Represent ative from this great State will pro test." Along with Mr. Dewey’s demand for an investigation. Senator Byrd Democrat, of Virginia said he would call on the War Laboi Board to explain its action in order ing Montgomery Ward to continue <See RULES, Page A-3.1 SECRETARY OF THE NAVY KNOX, Who died at his home early this afternoon. ___—Wide World Photo. Court Battle to Void Injunction Opened By Montgomery Ward Firm's Officials Barred From Building on Taylor's Orders hi the Associated Press. CHICAGO, April 28.—Mont gomery Ward Si Co. began a legal fight today against Government control of its Chicago facilities shortly after two of the firm’s executives — Board Chairman Sewell Avery and President Clement D. Ryan — were barred from their offices. Undersecretary of Commerce Wayne C. Taylor, Federal operating manager of the properties, reported soldiers patroling the buildings had been instructed to keep the two men out on grounds that they “have re fused to co-operate with the Gov ernment.” Company counsel then asked Fed eral Judge William H. Holly to dis miss an injunction obtained late last night by Attorney General Biddle restraining Ward executives from interfering with Government opera tion of the plant. The legal attack was based in part on the contention that seizure of the properties in keeping with an order from President Roosevelt was unconstitutional. After listening to arguments by the firm’s attorneys and Mr. Biddle, the judge announced he would hear further pleas Monday and probably would render a decision Tuesday. Stress Nonwar Aspect. The Ward attorneys also stressed the contention that the concern was not engaged in war production. The jurist ordered an immediate hearing and subpoenaed Mr. Taylor for testimony in litigation stem ming from Mr. Avery’s refusal to extend an expired contract with a CIO union as he had been directed by the War Labor Board and the White House. The case was widely watched as a gauge of WLB and presidential powers. George Christensen, a Ward at torney, claimed the seizure of the company facilities violated the fourth and fifth amendments to the Constitution, and that allegations in the complaint filed by Mr. Biddle were false. The Ward petition added that the properties “do not consti tute any plant, mine or facility equipped for manufacture, produc tion or mining of any articles or ma terials which may be required for the war effort.” Unionists Meet With Taylor. Officials of the union involved, the CIO United Mail Order, Ware house and Retail Employes, dis closed they had begun conferences with “the new management”—rep resented by Mr. Taylor and Mr. Biddle—on steps to put into effect WLB orders calling for extension of the contract and its disputed provi sions for maintenance of union membership, dues checkoff, seniority rights, grievance machinery and ar bitration of disputes. Samuel Wolchok, international union president; Leonard Levy, in ternational vice president; Henry B. Anderson, president of Local 20, and Frencis Heisler, the local's attorney, conferred with Mr. Taylor and Mr. Biddle, the union statement said. The injunction order, petitioned for late yesterday by Attorney Gen eral Biddle, ended two days of stout resistance by Mr. Avery to Govern ment seizure of the plant. Watched as Test of Power. The night court proceedings fol lowed a day of many developments in the case, which is being watched as a gauge of the President's power to take over a business claiming nonwar activity and a test of the War Labor Board’s ability to en force its directives. The forcible ejection of Mr. Avery, the 69-year-old chief executive, from his office yesterday by two soldiers, Mr. Biddle said, came after Mr. Avery refused to co-operate with Govern (See MONTGOMERY-WARD, A-8.) 50 Rooming Houses To Be Prosecuted Under Fire Laws McCarran Asks Prompt Steps for Compliance With Safety Rules WOMAN DIES of burns suffered In apartment house fire. Page B-l Operators of 50 rooming houses denied licenses because of in sufficient safety precautions face immediate court action, it was learned today, following a de mand by Senator McCarran, Democrat, of Nevada, that the Commissioners take prompt ac tion to force rooming house op erators to comply with fire safety regulations. Assistant Corporation Counsel Ed ward Thomas said police would pre sent 50 cases for prosecution of premises where licenses had been denied because of insufficient fire and other safety precautions. The action followed the Commis sioners’ report that 131 rooming, boarding and apartment houses have been denied licenses between last November 1 and April 26. In only 14 of these cases have the unlicensed defendants been prosecuted for op erating an unlicensed rooming house. Hearings Declared Timely. Senator McCarran, former chair man of the District Committee, de clared meanwhile that the death to day of one of the four persons in jured in the recent fire at 51 Ran dolph place N.W., should serve as sufficient warning to District officials of the need for taking all possible precautions against disasters here. “Incidents such as occurred the other day demonstrate those hear ings were timely,” Senator McCar-. ran said, referring to an inquiry the District Committee conducted into fire regulations following the Coco nut Grove disaster in Boston. Senator McCarran declared that if something is not done, “a disaster may occur here at any time. We hope it will not, but if it does, offi cials of the Government will have occasion to regret that action is not taken.” Sufficient Warning Given. The Capital should be a reason ably safe place to live, “with the money it has to spend,” the Senator^ continued. Referring to the latest fire, he added: “This somewhat minor incident, where there has been loss of life, should be sufficient warning, if suffi cient warning has not already been given, as I contend it has.” Last night, before any death had occurred, Senator McCarran had said that District officials were for tunate in regard to that fire, adding that "if it had been a fatal one, they would have had to share the responsibility for the neglect that made it possible.” District officials said they had learned that in general the license men in the police precincts had not checked premises on which they had served notices that licenses had been denied. It was indicated that steps would be taken to rectify the situa tion. Police regulations provide that each precinct have a special officer assigned solely to checking and en forcing license application and com pliance. In his statement last night, Sen ator McCarran said he would urge the Commissioners to desig nate an assistant corporation coun sel to take charge of forcing room ing houses to comply with rules. Commissioner John Russell Young said today he thought Senator Mc Carran’s suggestion “a good one.” Corporation Counsel Richmond B. Keech declared Mr. Thomas, assist ant corporation counsel assigned to Police Court, was well acquainted with the license laws and quite capable of handling the type of work outlined by Senator McCarran. Asking what happened to the (See ROOMING HOUSES, Pg. A-12) i Secretary Knox Dies at 70 After Brief Illness Was Stricken While Attending Funeral Of Business Partner Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox died at his home, 4704 Lin nean avenue N.W., at 1:08 p.m. today from one of a series of heart attacks which began last Sunday. He was 70 years old and had served in the cabinet since 1940. His passing was announced by the Navy Department as the climax of a morning-long series of confiden tial bulletins from his bedside which had indicated he was sinking rap idly. Mrs. Knox, the former Annie Reid of Alma, Mich., was with him when he died. Others at the bedside were As sistant Secretary of the Navy Ralph Bard, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury John L. Sr’livan, Dr. Fred Bushmeyer, pastor of the Mount Pleasant Congregational Church; John F. O’Keefe, vice president of the Chicago Daily News, and Capt. Lyman S. Perry, aide to the Secre tary. Mr. Knox first was taken ill in Manchester, N. H., Sunday while attending the funeral of his partner for 40 years in the newspaper busi ness, J. A. Muehling. Together they had founded their first small paper in Sault Ste. Marie around the turn of the century, progressed to their larger New England venture and ended their careers within five j days of each other. Took Turn for Worse. Reports that the Secretary’s ill ness, first announced yesterday, had taken a turn for the worse reached the Navy Department pressroom early today. The press associations flashed the word throughout the country, and by noon an increasing cresendo of queries from editors in every part of the Nation began pouring into Washington. Shortly after 1 p.m. reporters were handed a bulletin, which said: “Secretary of the Navy Prank Knox died at his home, 4704 Linnean avenue N.W., Washington, D. C„ to day at 1;08 p.m., following a con tinuation of a heart attack first suffered at Manchester, N. H., Sun day, April 23, 1944. “The attack, diagnosed as coro nary occlusion, apparently started Sunday afternoon while Col. Knox was attending the funeral of J. A. Muehling, his partner for 40 years, but Col. Knox left Manchester for New York that evening. In New York that night he had what he thought was an attack of indiges tion “He proceeded to Washington by train Monday, telling acquaintances he felt better, but on Tuesday morn (See KNOX, Page A-foT) Photographer Beaten, Capitol Guard Suspended C. Edwin Alley, a news photo grapher for Harris & Ewing, was severely beaten with a blackjack by a Capitol policeman in the rotunda of the old House Office Building to day. according to Capito poilce. Kenneth Romney, sergeant-at arms of the House, immediately suspended Pvt. J. H. Shelton, pend ing an investigation. Mr. Alley, who is well known on Capitol Hill, declared the policeman struck him many times over the head and shoulders with the black jack and knocked him down three times. Although suffering from several bumps on hte head, Mr. Alley continued at work. Lt. Olin Cavness of the Capitol police said Shelton admitted strik ing the photographer, but contend ed Mr. Alley hit him first. The photographer denied he struck the guard. Lt. Cavness said the altercation arose from a “misunderstanding” over the photographer’s building pass which, the litutenant said, “was perfectly good.” Late Bulletin Fan and Bill's Penalized Acting OPA Hearing Com missioner Joseph Harrison this afternoon ordered the operators of Fan and Bill’s Restaurant, 1132 Connecticut avenue N.W., to halt the sell ing of meat for the duration of the meat rationing pro gram, effective May 20, and to halt acquisition of all ra tioned foods until a 100,000 ration point deficit has been made up. (Earlier story on Page B-l.) 8 Canned Vegetables Will Join Point-Free List Beginning Sunday OPA Seeks to Clear Shelves of Stores for New Season's Pack Eight canned vegetables, In cluding tomatoes, corn and asparagus, will be added to the list of processed foods to be sold without ration points beginning Sunday, Price Administrator Chester Bowles announced to day. The other canned vegetables to be point-free in the May ration period are beets, leafy greens, spinach, blackeye peas and Garbanzo beans, a type used in soups and in Italian and Mexican foods. Several proc essed foods now point-free will re main on the “bargain” list, including fresh-shelled beans, green beans, peas, mushrooms, all frozen foods and citrus marmalades. Mr. Bowles said the move reduc ing the eight vegetables to zero point value was taken to clear store shelves for the new season’s pack, now in production. Compared to Bargain Sale. “The present low values on canned vegetables may be compared to an old-fashioned year-end bar gain sale,” the administrator ex plained. “When the supply of ‘point bargains’ has disappeared, higher point prices will have to be restored to spread new supplies evenly for the year.” Current values of No. 2 can sizes of the more important vegetables made point free are: Tomatoes, 8 points; com (vacuum packed),8; as paragus, 10; beets, 3; leafy greens, 4, and spinach, 6 points. Other changes in processed food values included reductions for all condensed and concentrated soups, the types generally sold. From the current four-point value on 101& ounce cans, two points were trimmed from clam chowder and other sea food soups, while all other kinds were cut to one point a can. Several types of fruit butter as well as grape and tomato preserves and apple, grape, mint and plum jellies in 1-pound containers were reduced two points to a new value of two. Raspberry and strawberry preserves and jams, in short supply, were increased to 16 points a pound jar, double the present value. Cranberry Value Increased. Cranberries and cranberry sauce also were boosted sharply in value— eight points to a new high of 15 for a No. 2 can. All other canned fruits were maintained at currently high point values. •* To slow the rapid movement of catsup and chili sauce, OPA raised the ration cost of those items seven points to a new value of 30 for a 14 ounce value, but spaghetti sauce, packed with cheese, was reduced to three points from six for an 8-ounce jar. OPA said heavy demand made necessary the raising of the point value of tomato juice in 46-ounce cans two points to 18, while the six pound size will cost 36 points in stead of 30. House Unit Discloses Army Shelved Committee Witness Ey the Associated Press. Disclosing that a high-rank ing Army officer was shelved by the War Department because he testified without departmental clearance, members of the House Military Affairs Commit-, tee today demanded to know—in the words of Chairman May— “who is running the committee.” Mr. May promised to back up a demand of Representative Spark man, Democrat, of Alabama that the unidentified officer be reinstated | and his record cleared. Friction has (existed between the committee and the Army for some time, committee members said, largely because of the War Depart ment's hesitancy in furnishing re ports on legislation under con sideration. It flared into the open yesterday when Mr. May told a medical officer to take word back to the department that in the future the committee would hold hearings on bills with out waiting for departmental views if reports were not submitted promptly when requested. The department had held up for an unreasonable time, Mr. May said, a report on legislation to give Army nurses permanent rank and finally submitted a memorandum opposing the legislation and proposing a sub stitute. Mr. Sparkman told the commit tee “a very severe reprimand” was given an officer who testified some time ago on amendments to the Soldiers’ and Sailors' Civil Relief Act. The officer testified at Mr. Sparkman’s personal request, the Alabaman said, and since he had not had time to obtain the usual departmental approval, the officer 'emphasized that the views he ex pressed were his own. As a result, Mr. Sparkman said, the officer no longer is in uniform. Although he wrote Secretary Stimson last November and re quested that the reprimand be taken from the officer’s record, Mr. Spark man said he has received no reply. Unless there is a satisfactory ex planation soon, he added, he plans to introduce legislation to correct the officer's record. Berlin Reports Attacks on Fleet Massing Oft Britain for Invasion Nazis Vie With Swedes on D-Day Guesses; Some See Landings Less Than 2 Weeks Away By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 28.—Masses of Allied invasion vessels, assem bling in the harbors of Western England, were attacked by Ger man bombers last night, Berlin dispatches by way of Stockholm said today. An authoritative British an nouncement said Nazi planes flew over Southern and Eastern England during the night, but dropped no bombs. Nazis and neutrals, continuing a guessing. game that began several weeks ago, said the invasion might be less than two weeks away, and Berlin dispatches to Stoekholm said great quantities of Allied shipping were gathered in the Channel ports of Southeastern England, as well as Western England. German authorities in Holland were reported to be preparing to blast the great dykes which guard the entrance to the Zuider Zee and flood a huge area, including Rotter dam and Amsterdam. Two Swedes, the first to reach Sweden from Denmark since the Germans clamped tight control on travel between the two countries last Monday, said the Danes at first thought the Germans were invad ing Sweden when the drastic meas ures were taken. The restrictions were being grad ually relaxed, however, and postal service between Sweden and Den mark was resumed. Britain’s shores were closed tight ly today to all except the mo6t ur gent outbound civilian travel under (See INVASION, Page A-12.) Navy rlafly Opposes Early Army, Navy and Air Consolidation Forrestol Points Out Geographical Problem; Urges Careful Study By the Associated Press. The Navy flatly opposed today immediate action to consolidate the Army, Navy and Air Forces into a single Department of War and urged Congress to give care ful study to proposals for post war consolidation. Its views, given to the House Com mittee on Postwar Military Policy, were stated by Undersecretary For restal in these words: “The position of the Navy is that the whole question of military or ganization deserves and should re ceive a most objective and thorough study. It believes the question should be approached by detailed examination with the conclusion to be reached at the end of such an examination rather than acting upon the assumption that the case is already established. I don’t be lieve this.” Earlier this week, Secretary of War Stimson indorsed the creation of a single department for the armed forces—the actual consolida tion to be put off until after the war—and recommended prompt congressional approval of the unifi cation principle. Mr. Forrestal suggested that the committee conduct its study “with reference not merely to the experi ence of other countries, but also with special reference to the geographical situation of our own Nation on the globe.” He said the military necessities of the United States “cannot be com pared with those of Russia or Ger many,” both of which, he said, “are dependent largely on the use of military power on land.” The problem of this Nation, he added, “is a composite of that of Japan, Great Britain, Germany, and Russia, and it should be viewed and studied accordingly.” Fish Asks New Tomb For Unknown Soldier By the Associated Press. Burial of an unknown soldier of the present war in an identical tomb in Arlington Memorial Amphitheater beside the Unknown Soldier of the World War is proposed in a resolu tion by Representative Fish, Repub lican, of New York. Mr. Fish introduced the resolution which provided for the burial of the unknown soldier of the last war. Tito Reports Capture Of Town From Chetniks By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 28.—Capture of Sabovici, in Southern Sanpak, by Yugoslav Partisan forces after a battle with Chetniks was announced today by Marshal Tito. The announcement also said Ger man efforts to break through the Partisan lines near Mrkonjicgrad had failed. Hollandia Conquered, More Blows Mapped; Japs Falter in India MacArthur-Nimitz Conferences Presage Powerful Pacific Drive By the Associated Press. The flve-day conquest of the big Japanese airbase at Hol landia, Dutch New Guinea, was marked “completed” today by Gen. Douglas MacArthur with out a single show of strong en emy resistance, but the Japanese apparently don’t intend to give up so easily in their faltering invasion of India. Southeast Asia Allied headquar ters reported heavy Allied reinforce ments are pouring into the Kohima sector, advance point of the enemy’s Indian drive, and the Tokyo radio said Japanese troops have launched a general offensive at Kohima. Al lied and enemy planes were active. MacArthur, Nimitz Confer. Presaging mightier blows against Japan’s Pacific defenses, Gen. Mac Arthur and Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Allied commander in chief in the Pacific, conferred prior to the Hollandia invasion to achieve “a maximum of co-operative effort” in the two commander^’ converging op erations. Admiral Nimitz's warships helped destroy 101 Japanese planes and covered the landing of the Mac Arthur forces. The two leaders’ first conference of the Pacific war, held in March at Gen. MacArthur’s headquarters, has just been revealed. At Gen. MacArthur's advanced headquarters in New Guinea, As sociated Press War Correspondent C. Yates McDaniel wrote today con cerning the conference that the next step “might place equally strong units of Gen. MacArthur’s army and air forces under Admiral Nimitz’ command.” commands Merge at Solomons. Gen. MacArthur’s and Admiral Nimitz’s-command areas merge at the Solomon Islands. Tire Solomons area has been under the immediate command of Admiral William P. Halsey, with Gen. MacArthur in overall command of both that South Pacific and his own Southwest Pacific sectors. Mr. McDaniel said the virtual reconquest of the Solo mons has all but ended the neces sity for Admiral Halsey's semi independent command, but his dis patch did not clarify the admiral's future. In five days, Gen. MacArthur’s forces on New Guinea have won three airdromes at Hollandia with in bombing range of the Southern Philippine Islands, plus one at Aita pe 150 miles southeast and another at Madang, 280 miles farther south east. In addition, Gen. MacArthur announced .the fall of Alexishafen, 10 miles north of Madang. Only 274 Japanese were killed and two dozen captured in the five-day campaign, Gen. MacArthur said. Three thousand veteran enemy ma rines had been drawn out of the Hollandia area by pre-invasion feints and probably more than 4,000 fled to the hills father than battle invading Americans. The commanding general of the Allied troops at Aitape estimated (See PACIFIC, Page'A-4.) U. S. Bombers Blast German Bases In France Attack Follows Up 3,500-Ton Night Raid by British By the Associated Prese. LONDON, April 28.—American heavy and medium bombers blasted Nazi air bases over a wide area in France today on the heels of a 3,500-ton RAF bomb assault by night on Friedrichs hafen and rail yards in France and Belgium. The blows carried Into the 14th straight day the grinding pre invasion air offensive that has hurled 65,000 tons of explosives on Europe since April 15. > Up to 250 Flying Fortresses— winging out after a record daylight pounding of continental targets yes terday-bombed the Avord airdrome 130 miles south of Paris, while me dium Marauders hit another field in Northern France, and Lightning fighters shot up a third. No further details of the raid* were disclosed Immediately. 36 RAF Bombers Lost. In 12 hours alone, more than 5,000 planes have hit the Nazi war ma chine with some 13,500 tons of ex plosives—Including a double-header punch by 1,500 American heavy bombers Thursday. Thirty-six RAF bombers were lost in the assaults "in very great strength” on Friedrichshafen, home of the Zeppelin works and radio location equipment plants, and on rail yards at Montzen in Belgium and Aulnoye In France. Bomber gunners knocked down at least four German fighters. Mosquito bombers meanwhile raided Stuttgart, and. other planes laid mines. The main attack by Lancasters struck Friedrichshafen and was “well concentrated,” the Air Minis try said. Montzen, never bombed before, is only a few miles from tho German border on a branch of the Liege-Aachen railway. Aulnoye, near the Franco-Belglan frontier on a main route between France and Germany, has been bombed re peatedly. 1,000-Mile Roandtrip. The RAP flew a 1,000-mile round trip to deliver the sixth major at tack on Friedrichshafen on Lake Constance across from Switzerland. The battered city was hit powerfully by Flying Fortresses last Monday, and by American planes March 16 and 18. The 8th Air Force lost 43 bombers March 18, most of them in the raid on Friedrichshafen. The RAF hit into Germany again just 24 hours after its 4,50Q»>ton assault early Thursday on Essen, Schweinfurt and railroad yards near Paris—operations that opened a day of tremendous raids spear headed by 1,500 American Flying Fortresses and Liberators, The four-engined American planes struck by morning and late afternoon against German fortifica tions and prime targets in France. Nine were lost. Hundreds of other planes joined the day-long parade, composed of every tire of British and American light and medium bombers and fighters flown by air men of every European Allied coun try and every dominion as well as by Americans. Eighteen Allied Planes Lost. Three Marauders and six fighters of the Allied expeditionary air force were lost yesterday, besides the nine heavies. The fighters bagged three German planes. The morning formations of Lib erators and Flying Fortresses poured 2,000 tons of bombs on military tar gets in Northern France, and before dusk another fleet 750 strong at tacked Nazi airdromes at Nancy and Toul, and rallyards at Blainville and Chalon-Sur-Mame. The American and Allied medium and light bombers and fighters ham mered rail yards at Cambrai, Arras, Bethune and Serquex, ripping up the network of communications supply ing, the German Atlantic Wall de fenses. Commons Defeats Move To Annul Strike Ban By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 28.—The move to annul Labor Minister Ernest Be vine defense regulation banning incita tion to strikes was defeated in the House of Commons today by & vote of 314 to 23. Mr. Bevin told the House that "we had been living on an industrial volcano” during the three weeks before the government order was issued. That was his answer to Laborite Aneurin Bevan’s “prayer to the crown” for annulment of the de fense regulation which the Labor Minister produced a fortnight ago as a big stick to deal with strike agitation. The regulation did not prevent a worker from striking but provided penalties up to five years’ imprisonment and $2,000 fine for urging others to do so. "During the week end when the regulation was made we were in danger of stoppages involving nearly 3,000.000 men in gas, shipbuilding, engineering and coal,” the Labor Minister said, and added that the “second front was really in danger.” Smuts, King and Fraser In London for Parleys By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 28.—Prime Min ister Jan Christiaan Smuts of the Union of South Africa arrived in England by air early today for the first wartime conference of British Empire leaders. He was preceded here by Prime Ministers W. L. Mackenzie King of Canada and Peter Fraser of New Zealand. Prime Minister King’s plane wa« piloted by Maj. Ralph Read of Be thesda, Md„ former Pennsylvania Central Airlines pilot.