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I WE BUY
DIAMONDS Old Gold—Jewelry and Watches Top Prices Guaranteed ARTHUR MARKEL 918 F ST. N. W. S«it« 301-3 Third Floor [LOW MINIMUM! b 41.00 T Etctpf Saturday fl.SO ' PINNERS *1.50 Open 6 p. m. to 2 a. m. I NOW OPEN M SUNDAYS! 1 l Now J Appearing M ^Patricia Bowman —-.1 NO CABARET TAX NO MINIMUM at any time in the CRYSTAL ROOM k presenting concert music by ' The Troika Trio L Haying for Dinner and Supper Belgium Is Reported Able to Stand by Self When Given Freedom By THOMAS R. HENRY, 8»r War Correspondent. LONDON (By Mall).—As soon as Belgium is delivered from the crush !tng heel of Germany with a suc cessful Allied invasion of the con tinent, its institutions of orderly, democratic government will come to life Immediately and essentially in tact. Pour years of the most brutal Nazi occupation have not essentially damaged these institutions and the problem should be one of the sim plest with which the civil affairs organization of the Allied armies will be called upon to deal. Behind all this lies a remark able story told me by the king dom’s Minister of the Interior. A. E. de Schryver—the manner in which the Belgian government in London has functioned throughout the oc cupation. It never has been, M. de Schryver explains, “a government in exile.” It has been able to keep in almost as close touch with the peo ple most of the time as if it actually had been functioning from the gov ernment buildings in Brussels and of late it has handled a great many communications each week from all parts of the country. There is hardly a village in the land of which the Ministry of the Interior has not fairly complete, up-to-date details. Situation Simplified. The situation is greatly simplified by a provision of the constitution delegating the powers of the King to the cabinet when he is, for any reason, incompetent to exercise them. It is specified that this will be the case if he is a prisoner of war. He has insisted ever since May, 1940, that this is his actual status since he surrendered in uni form as commander of an army. He is doubtless the most unwelcome prisoner of war ever held by a con quering army. But this leaves the government entirely in the hands of the cabinet which was in power at the start of the war. Now the chief executive officer in every city and town in Belgium is the burgomeister who holds his ap pointment from the King. This is a mere formality, however, since he is actually named by the leading political group in the community. The Nazis naturally have removed many of these burgomeisters and replaced them with their own man. A few have proved traitors. Some of the most prominent have disap peared and presumably are on forced labor in Germany. A few have been executed. By provision of the constitution the burgomeister’s powers go to the first, alderman if the former is in capacitated from exercising them. There is a recognized hierarchial line below this. In a very few cases the legally appointed burgomeister has both remained in office and faithful to the government in Lon don. There may be a very, very few cases in which first alderemen or others named by the Nazis are, due to special circumstances, judged fit-to remain-in office. - for Burgomeisters. de Sprlfyver explained,! his ' ministry, - udder which - the burgomeisters function, knows the status everywhere. As soon as a liberated community is turned back by the military to the civil authori ties—this, in- most, cases, wilL be r——-" ■■ i ■ -r— * J.01 CELANESE* sheer rayons that you wash at night, wear in the morning. Smart Honey-glo; Sun-Dash HAHN 1207 F 7th & K 3212 14th 4483 Conn. Ave. 3101 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, Va. •Res. V. S. Pat. practically Immediate—the legally named burgomeister will simply be reinstalled in office as if nothing had happened—or, if he cannot be found, the second in authority and so on down the line. There will be no recognition of any break m local government due to the four year interim. The Belgian government recog nizes without question that during a period of military emergency in any part of the country following the entry of liberation forces local authority will be vested in the com mander in chief. But it also is rec ognized that there will be no dis position to exercise such authority an instant longer than is absolutely necessary and agreements have been entered into with the Allied com mand to this effect. If it is necessary for a liberating army to enter Belgium it will be accompanied by a Belgian military mission headed by a high-ranking officer, a former cabinet minister who himself spent a long time un der German rule and is intimately familiar with local situations. He will attend to restoring to office the former community officials and in difficult cases he will have the au thority to make temporary appoint ments, afterwards to be confirmed by the cabinet. Much of Plan Worked Out, Much of this plan has been worked out on the basis of experiences fol lowing the occupation of the lasl war. At that time, however, it was much easier to find and restore the legal burgomeisters than is expected to be the case this time, and there had been less disturbance of the orderly processes of local govern ment. The Germans have made exten sive changes. For example, the Brussels area has been aglomerated into a “greater Brussels” with a population of more than a million under a Nazi-named burgomeister. Formerly this area consisted of Brussels itself and 18 boroughs, tak ing in a considerable area of the province of Brabant, each of which had its independent local govern ment. The same aglomerations of cities and suburbs have been made at Antwerp, Charleroi and Liege. With Antwerp 12 boroughs have been aglomerated, making a city of more than a half million. These changes, of course, will not be recognized. The burgomeister of each city and each suburban bor ough will instantly be restored to office, to carry on as before—if he can be found. It is known, for ex ample, that both the Antwerp and Brussells burgomeisters are hostages in Germany and that their places are held by out-and-out Nazis. See Serious Problems. The ministry of the interior rec ognizes, however, that it will have some extraordinarily difficult prob lems. Perhaps the greatest will be that of resettling refugees in their homes in a short time. Many thou stands already have been evacuated from the coastal areas. There are nearly 600.000 hostages and workers in Germany. Vast numbers of others may be expected to quit their homes in the fore of an advancing army. The problem is likely to be that of handling millions of people under difficult circumstances. In 1940, it was explained, approxi mately 2,000,000—or a quarter the population of the kingdom—fled be fore the advancing Germans, many of them going as far as Southern France. Four months later the great majority of them were back. It was one of the great mass migra tions to and fro in history. Some thing of the same sort can be ex pected again. The second major problem will be that of food. It is expected that a great deal of the eastern, highly industrialized part of the country will be without food. Only a few sparsely settled agricultural areas in the Ardennes can be expected to live for a time on their own re sources. Nearly all the civil affairs officers accredited to the Belgian military mission, it is explained, are men who have held responsible political positions in the past and nearly all of them lived for two or more years under German occupation. Many, in fact, only recently have arrived in England. By this setup, it is explained, the whole Nazi and Quisling infiltration of the country can be tom up by the roots almost overnight and as fast as the present occupation forces retreat. Fish Eating Pressed To Increase the consumption of flsh food, Chile has decreed that military establishments and hos pitals mast serve flsh twice a week. LIGHT GREY, MEDIUM AND DARK GREY FEATURED IN YOUR FAVORITE ... ■COMMANDER' WORSTED SUITS Men’s Swagger SPRING Topcoat For Onfy Single-breasted model in all wool tweeds In her ringbone or overplaid to tems—in wanted- greys, tans, browns and heath-, ers. Regular, short, long size*.- • \ ';V Gn ry a favorite color with most men and perfect iSferfr ..fo^business'and leisure hours.-These Com mander all-wool worsted suits are built for service and they come up smiling after a hard day’s work. Plenty of GREYS to select from, in herringbone, stripes, solid shades and sharkskin weaves. 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