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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 28, 1944, Image 5

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Simpler Corporation
Tax Bill to Be Drawn
By House Committee
By the Associated Press.
Proud of its bill to simplify
Individual income tax proce
dures, the House Ways and
Means Committee announced
today it would try to do the same
with corporation tax laws.
“That's the next big thing we
ought to get to,” said Chairman
Dbughton. He was seconded by
Representative Knutson of Mipne
sota, ranking ways and means Re
publican, thus giving corporation
tax simplification the same bipar
tisan incentive that brought speedy
action on the individual returns.
Experts estimate that this year
approximately 500,000 corporations
will pay $15,000,000,000 in income
and excess profits taxes. The
50,000,000 individual income tax
payers will contribute about $18,000,
000,000, and other sources are ex
pected to bring the total 1944 Federal
revenue to approximately $43,000,
000,000.
Mr. Knutson pointed out that,
largely due to the intricacy of the
statutes, many corporations employ
large staffs of experts to prepare
Federal tax.statements.
He said he believed the corpora
tion tax steamliner should embody
provisions allowing companies which
converted to war production to build
up reserves for reconversion to
peacetime production. Also, he said,
there should be provisions for
speedy settlement of war contracts.
Committee members today asked
consideration by the House next
Wednesday of the bill to simplify
individual tax returns. Swift enact
ment of the measure is indicated.
The simplification measure, how
ever, was denounced by Representa
tive Curtis, Republican, of Nebraska,
who protested to the House yester
day that the streamliner bill “vir
tually abolishes the established prin
ciple “that contributions to religious,
educational and charitable institu
tions” are exempt from taxation.
He declared:
ror tne congress to insist that
all taxpayers be taxed the same, re
gardless of their contributions, is un
American and it destroys the rights
of the individual for the alleged
purpose of simplification.”
Mr. Curtis was the first member of
the House to challenge the simpli
fication bill.
Meanwhile. Chairman George of
the Senate Finance Committee ad
vocated reduction of the 30 per cent
Federal cabaret tax to 15 or 20 per
cent, contending that less revenue
would be obtained by the Govern
ment under the increased levy than
under the old 5 per cent tax
A bill to cut the tax back to 10
per cent has been offered in the
House by Mr. Knutson.
Tokyo Finally Admits
Landings on New Guinea
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, April 28.—Tokyo to
day acknowledged Allied landings
on Dutch New Guinea—six days
after powerful American forces had
gone ashore—and declared “since
then successively they -are- increas
ing their military strength.”
“Our forceslnthe victafty and the •
air force intinjBwted then and ara ■
engaged in said the broad
cast communique recorded by the
United States" Foreign Broadcast
Intelligence Service.
The Japanese acknowledgement '
trailed Gen. Douglas MkcArthur’s
communique announcing that
American infantrymen Viad seized
the third antj last airdrome at Hol
landia, that enemy resistance had
ceased and “the operation can now
be regarded a* completed.”
Virginia Traffic Accidents
In 1943 Cost 602 Lives
By the Associated Press.
RICHMOND, April 28.—An eco
nomic loss of $27,000,000 was caused
to the State by 10,290 traffic, acci
dents reported last year which took
the lives of 602 persons and injured
4,964 others.
Speeding was listed as the main
cause of the accidents in a report
issued yesterday by Capt. W. L.
Groth, State police safety engineer.
A reduction in fatalities last year of
about 14.48 per cent was recorded,
compared with 1942, but the mileage
death rate per 100,000,000 miles was'
14.49 deaths in 1943, against 14.3 in
1942.
There were 479 deaths in rural
areas from accidents and 125 In
urban areas.
Quesada Made Major General;
Brereton and Giles Promoted
Washington Man
Commands Fighter
Force in Britain
Brig. Gen. Elwood R. Quesada, a
native of Washington, was nomi
nated by President Roosevelt today
to be a major general.
The President also sent to the
Senate the nominations of Maj*
Gens. Lewis H. Brereton and Barney
McK. Giles to be lieutenant gen
erals.
The son of Mrs. Helen A. Quesada,
4716 Ninth street N.W., and a grad
uate of McKinley High School, Gen.
Quesada now heads the 9th Air
Force Fighter Command which is
figuring prominently in the aerial
Suasion of Europe.
T™ 39-year-old officer, who began
his Air Force career as an engineer
ing officer at Bolling Field under
then Capt. Ira C. Eaker (now lieu
tenant general), is a noted big-game
hunter and once piloted Explorer
Martin Johnson on an African ex
pedition. In 1929 Gen. Quesada was
relief pilot of the Army plane Ques
tion Mark, which set an endurance
record.
Gen. Brereton, commander of the
9th Air Force, formerly commanded
the United States Air Forces in the
Middle East.
With the late Brig. Gen. *,Billy”
Mitchell, Gen. Brereton is credited
with evolving the original dive
bombing tactics used by Army flyers.
He is a Naval Academy graduate
who resigned his commission as an
BRIG. GEN. E. R. QUESADA.
ensign to accept a second lieuten
ancy in the coast artillery and is a
veteran of the World War.
Gen. Giles, chief of the air staff,
took over that post last July, suc
ceeding Maj. Gen. George E. Strate
meyer, Gen. Giles commanded the
4th Air Force before reporting to
Washington in March, 1943, as as
sistant chief of air staff.
Gen. Giles, a native of Mineola,
Tex., served in the aviation section
of the Signal Corps in 1917, entering
the service as an enlisted man.
Munitions Production
Rose 3 Per Cent in
March, Nelson Says
By the Associated Press.
Munitions production during
March rose 3 per cent above the
February level, Chairman Donald
M. Nelson of the War Production
Board said today, but failed by 2
per cent to meet the overall output
schedule, pegged to a 25 per cent
increase by the end of the year.
Mr. Nelson said the major pro
duction problem during the next
few months will be to keep the level
of actual output abreast of the in
creasing needs of the armed forces.
Meeting the goal will tax the
“resourcefulness and co-operative
ness of both labor and management,”
Mr. Nelson said, adding that while
the actual March output in the
critical programs rose 6 per cent,
the required gain was 8 per cent.
Tractors and warships were two
major items which failed to meet
production schedules, Mr. Nelson’s
monthly report showed.
At the same time, it said, planned
production decreases lagged in be
ing cut back to the extent determ
ined on. Items scheduled for lesser
production include most ground
Army items, destroyer escort vessels,
Liberty ships and radio.
However, Mr. Nelson said, sched
ules will rise steeply for airborne
electronics equipment, nearly dou
bling by June. * .
Ship Increases Needed.
The WPB chief also said the Navy
(hipbuildlng program facet im
portant developments in the period
mmediately ahead, requiring May
ieliveries to jump 80 per cent above
ihe March level.
Items in the critical category re
ported to have met or exceededpro
iuetion schedules were aircraft,
‘heavy-duty” trucks, ducks (am
phibious jeeps), heavy field artillery
ammunition, combat vehicles, aerial
bombs, antipersonnel fragmentation
bombs, 1,000-pound bombs, signal
equipment and maritime ships, ex
cept Victory ships and minor type
vessels.
Landing craft production rose 26
per cent over February and sub
marines came off the ways slightly
ahead of schedule, the report said,
but total deliveries of naval craft
were 18 >2 per cent behind schedules
for the first quarter despite a 5 per
cent rise above the February output.
Landing Craft ‘'Emphasized.”
Combatant ships showed a 22 per
cent deficit in relation to schedule,
but this was explained as “de
emphasis” in favor of more urgently
demanded landing oraft
By major categories, March pro
duction showed the following dollar
value changes from February:
Aircraft and aircraft equipment,
up 10 per cent (on schedule).
Ships (including maintenance and
repair), up 1 per cent (4 per cent
below schedule).
Guns and fire control, down 5 per
cent (2 per cent above schedule).
Ammunition, down 3 per cent (4
per cent above schedule).
Combat and motor vehicles, up 2
per cent (3 per cent above schedule).
Communication and electronic
equipment, up 1 per cent (on sched
ule).
Other equipment and supplies, up
3 per cent (5 per cent below sched
ule).
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OPEN A HERZOG CHARGE ACCOUNT
Baptists Will Open
Churches for Prayer
On Invasion Day
Baptist churches throughout the
city will be opened day or night as
soon as word of the European in
vasion reaches this country and all
Baptists have been asked to go im
mediately to their churches for
special prayer.
These preparations for “D-Day”
were made at a conference of Bap
tist ministers yesterday as the
Washington Federation of Churches
urged all churches to plan services
on invasion day and to remain open
continuously “during these anxious
and critical days.”
The ministers adopted a resolution
agreeing that “this should be a
most serious hour and that our
people should be much in prayer
during the early hours of the in
vasion.”
All services, the ministers said,
will be “deeply spiritual and not of
a hilarious, flag-waving nature.”
The emphasis will be upon prayer
for those in the service.
Other denominations were asked
to co-operate in the special prayer
gatherings and the ministers ex
pressed hope the movement would
become Nation-wide.
The Washington Federation of
Churches suggested that an early
morning, noonday or evening prayer
service might be held in each church
on Invasion Day and that such
plans should be announced to the
members of each church.
Bipartisan Support
t
Backs Move to End
Interior Deferments
By the Associated Press.
A House attempt to strip the
Interior Department payroll of
hundreds of men between 18 and
30. with a view to steering them
into the armed forces, found bi
partisan support today among
Senate Appropriations Commit
teemen.
While Senator Bankhead, Demo
crat, of Alabama questioned the ad
visability of singling out one depart
ment for a purge “that would not
apply to others,” Senators Chavez,
Democrat, of New Mexico and Hol
man, Republican, of Oregon said
they were for it as a "first step.”
All three are members of the Ap
propriations Subcommittee which
will consider the $86,652,580 Interior
Department appropriations bill
which the House passed yesterday
despite Secretary Ickes’ protest that
the House Appropriations Commit
tee report on deferments in his de
partment was unfair.
As amended, the measure would
deny funds for payment of salaries
to any male employes between 18
and 30 who are physically and
Hie finest In
' Pajamas
and Underwear
-onywlitral
mentally qualified for military duty
and who haVe not been deferred be
cause of dependency or because of
necessity to war production.
6,696 Between 18 and 37.
The House Appropriations Com
mittee reported that on February 15
there were 6,696 male employes in
the Interior Department between 18
and 37, of whom 2,221 held occupa
tional deferments, 2,073 requested
by the department. Committee
members said many were holding
white-collar jobs and could be re
placed without detriment to the war
effort.
Mr. Ickes’ protest was in a letter
to Chairman Cannon of the Appro
priations Committee.
The Secretary said implications in
the committee’s report were ‘‘unfair
and injurious” not only to the
Interior Department, but to the
Government.
All Are Skilled Personnel.
‘‘Virtually all of the deferments
in the department are for engineers,
geologists, chemists and related
skilled personnel who are absolutely
irreplaceable and who are doing
actual production work or work
which is closely akin to essential
war production,” he declared.
Mr. Ickes said he had explained
that to an Appropriations Subcom
mittee, headed by Representative
Jed Johnson, Democrat, of Okla
homa, and expressed hope that Mr.
Cannon would see to It that the
House members “receive a complete
and accurate statement of the real
situation.”
Not more than 38 men deferred
at his request, he said, might con
ceivably be termed white collar
workers and this figure included 13
teachers in Alaska. He added:
"I challenge any department of
the Government or any businesses
which are engaged in comparable
activities to produce a record which
is as good as that of the Depart
ment of the Interior with respect to
deferments.”
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classes.
Under the system gum chewers
are fined 1 penny, but on Fridays
may chew all they wish on pay*
ment of a dime.
To date the Red Cross is ahead <65.
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