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Fair and continued warm tonight. To morrow showers and not so warm. Temperatures today—Highest. 78. at 1:30 p.m.: lowest, 61, at 7:15 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 85. at 4:20 p.m. (rec ord); lowest, 53, at 6:45 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-13. Guide for Readers page. Alter Dark.B-14 Amusements . B-13 Comics .....B-18-18 Editorials .A-S Editor! Articles A-7 Finance .A-13 rage. Lost and Found, A-3 Obituary .A-8 Radio .B-19 Society .B-3 Sports .A-18*11 Woman’s Page, B-12 An Associoted Press Ntwspoper 92d YEAR. No. 36,525. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 2, 1944-THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. *** TnV«. THREE CENTS. gM?” Liberators Blast France Again After 1,000-Bomber Night Raid; Jap Cruiser, 2 Destroyers Sunk 500U.S. Planes Hit Nazi Installations; No Aircraft Lost By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 2.—American Liberators bombed German in stallations in the Pas-de-Calais area of Northern France at mid day today, carrying the great preinvasion air offensive into its 18th consecutive day after 1,000 or more heavy bombers assaulted enemy targets by night in France, Belgium, Italy and Germany. The Liberators encountered no German fighters and an unusually small amount of flak, A communi que said all planes returned. Up to 750 heavy British and Canadian bombers flew from Eng land through a cloudless night against German aircraft, chemical, auto and explosive factories and against the rail targets on which the enemy must depend to meet invasion, the British Air Ministry announced. The others rose from Italian bases. British night bombers flying from bases on this island dropped well over 2,500 tons of bombs, it was an nounced officially. About 500 American planes were estimated authoritatively to have made today’s attack, half of them Liberators and half Thunderbolt and Mustang fighters. Formations of Allied medium bombers and fighters crossed and recrossed the channel skies in the early afternoon, after the Libera tors had returned from their mis sion. Rail Yards Assaulted. Thunderbolt fighter-bombers, es corted by Thunderbolt fighters, at tacked rail yards at Tergnier and Lem&ns deep in France, while the Liberators were striking French soil closest to Gen. Dwight Eisenhower’s invasion masses. Lemans is one of the most im portant junctions in Western France, a funnel for traffic betwen Paris and big western ports such as St. Na zaire and Brest. The fighter-bombers sweep raised to 21 the number of railroad objec tives attacked in the last 24 hours, nearly as many as were hit all last week. At 4 p.m., the German radio as serted that "enemy fighter forma tions are over Western Germany,” indicating that one of the Allied fighter strafing expeditions was against Nasi airfields. Italian Cities Attacked. Last night's operations, probably the most far-flung although not the heaviest conducted by the RAF, came while Allied heavy and me dium bombers in the Mediterranean theater shot a four-ply blow at key German-held cities in Italy. They also followed attacks by Britain based daylight raiders, of which 2.000 were American, which blasted 17 rail junctions through which sup plies and men move to Hitler’s At- 1 lantic wall. The operational record from Britain yesterday was around 4,000 sorties < individual plane flights* j while Allied planes based in Italy added 1,300 more sorties to the pre invasion aerial crescendo. Ten planes from the RAF British-based sky fleet failed to return, while two Allied aircraft were reported missing from all daylight and night opera tions yesterday in the Italian the ater. Two enemy' plants w’ere destroyed in the Italian theater. The RAF planes from Britain, which also were joined by RCAF bombers, hit an auto works at Lyon, an airplane repair plant at Tours, an airplane factory and explosive works at Tolouse and rail installa tions in Chambly near Paris. In addition to these French tar gets, the night raiders hit two Bel gian rail targets—at Mechelin, northeast of Brussels, and at St. Ghislain, near Mons. They also struck the German chemical center of Ludwigshafen in the Upper Rhineland in what evidently was a diversionary operation. Genoa Blasted Again. In the Mideterranean theater, Wellingtons last night hit the har bors of La Spezia and Livorno (Leg horn), while German installations at Genoa were given their fourth con secutive pounding by Liberators. Wellingtons and Halifaxes ham mered at targets in Alessandria, 50 miles southwest of Milan. A factory and a dump near Popoli and a dump near Moricone also were bombed. During daylight yesterday Allied medium bombers blasted rail tar gets in the Florence and Rome areas and fighter bombers ranged over rail communications along both the Italian east and west coasts and hit motor transport northwest of Metkovic in Yugoslavia. The 2.000 American planes in the (See RAIDS, Page A-9.) District Gives Pepper Lone Vote to Nine For Chief Rival . By the Associated Press. JACKSONVILLE. Fla . Mav 2. —Brown's Farm precinct on the lower east coast was, as usual, the first to report today in Florida's Democratic primary. It gave Senator Claude Pep per, seeking renomination, one vote—against nine for Judge Ollie Edmunds and one for Millard Conklin, two of Senator Pepper's four opponents. Democratic National Conven tion delegate candidates pledged to Senator Byrd of Virginia were favored over those pledged to a fourth term for President Roosevelt. In 1938, when he won nomina tion, Senator Pepper received only 2 of 19 votes cast at Browm's Farm. ) Truk Attacked By U. S. Carrier Force, Japs Say Tokyo Acknowledges 'Some Damage' fo Ground Installations By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 2.—A broadcast Tokyo imperial headquarters communique today said an American aircraft carrier task force attacked the Japanese na val base at Truk in the Caroline Islands Sunday and yesterday and caused “some damage’’ to ground installations. Japanese planes and garrison units “heavily damaged" an aircraft carrier and shot down more than 30 attacking aircraft, the war bul letin said. It also reported the Mortlock Islands, in the Carolines, were bombed. The Japanese further claimed they sank one cruiser and damaged an other large warship, probably an aircraft carrier, out of a task force off the west coast of Hollandia, New Guinea, on April 27 . (The Navy Department in Washington today was without any information on thp Toftyo report. If Truk has been at tacked again in force, it prob ably will be a day or two before any definite information is re ceived, because of the necessity of maintaining radio silence. (In the first big assault of the war on Truk in mid-February an American naval task force sank 19 enemy ships and shot down 201 Japanese planes.) Admiral Chester W. Nimitz an nounced at United States Pacific Fleet headquarters at Pearl Harbor yesterday that the skipper of a sin gle Navy search Liberator made a daring aerial attack on Truk Satur day. • The bomber damaged a vessel an (See PACIFIcTPage A-3.) Jap Attempt to Break Roadblock in Burma Crushed by Allies Heavy Toll Inflicted On Enemy's Attacking Force of 2,000 Men By the Associated Press. SOUTHEAST ASIA HEAD QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, May 2.—Allied air-borne troops have decisively defeated a strong Jap anese attempt to break a rail and road block 65 miles south west of Mogaung in Northern Burma after a three-day battle in which heavy casualties were inflicted on an attacking enemy force of 2,000 men. It was the fourth Japanese at tempt to wipe out the roadblock, established on the enemy’s main supply route from Southern Burma to the Mogaung Valley front, where Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell s Chi nese-American forces are fighting their way toward Mogaung and Myitkyina. Field dispatches said the Japa nese had succeeded in breaking through barbed wire entanglements fronting the Allied positions, but had been driven back after bitter fighting. Air Commandos Join Battle. Col. Philip Cochrane's Air Com mandos joined in the battle, bomb ing and strafing the enemy close to the perimeter of the Allied de fenses. An Allied spokesman said that on a conservative estimate the Jap anese have last at least 1,000 men killed in their unsuccessful attempts to smash the road block. This fig ure, he said, does not include losses from air action. The road block was likened by a senior British officer to “an iritating hair shirt which the Japanese are trying hard to remove.” Casualties, he said, have been at least 10 to 1 in favor of the Allies. An Allied communique indicated that Gen. Stilwell’s forces were making steady progress in their drive down the Mogaung Valley and announced capture of an enemy strongpoint west of the Mogaung River and south of Warazup. At last reports Allied spearheads were within 30 miles of Mogaung. More Activity South of Imphal. In Northern India, meanwhile, the communique noted a marked in crease in activity in the Palel area 25 miles south of the Allied base oi Imphal. No important change was reported in the Kohima sector 6C miles north of Imphal. Kohima. which is scattered over e ridge about 5.000 feet high, is com posed of Kohima Town, Kohims Bazaar and Kohima Village. The Japanese have been in the village which lies about a mile from the town, for several days. They occu pied the bazaar section, north of the town some time ago. They have nol been able to penetrate the mair boxlike defenses of the town, al though fighting recently was re ported in the outskirts. The road between Kohima is oper northward to Diampur. although the sections nearest Kohima lie within easy range of Japanese guns The enemy blocked the road south ward to Imphal, which has been cut off except by air. The communique said a Japanese thrust at Palel was beaten back or the night of April 30 and that manj patrol clashes have occurred in the hills north of the Palel road. The Palel action might be in prelude t< an expected mas* attack on Imphal I i American Subs Also Send 9 Other Ships Down in Pacific Three Japanese warships—a light cruiser and two destroyers —have been sunk by United States submarine, the Navy an nounced today. The battle craft sinkings, the first reported by American submarines for some months, were included In a list of 12 Japanese ships sunk by American submarines. The others included one large tanker, one large naval auxiliary, two medium cargo transports and five medium cargo vessels. The'Navy said none of these sink ings has been announced previously. The sinkings brought to 695 the number of Japanese vessels of all types sunk, probably sunk or dam aged by the submersibles. That total includes 544 sent to the bottom. A breakdown of the sinkings and damage shows that of the total 69 of the Japanese vessels have been warships. They include 45 sunk, 10 probably sunk and 14 damaged. The light cruiser destroyed in an unidentified area was the fourth of that classification sunk by American submarines. The submersibles also have listed five Japanese cruisers probably sunk and six damaged. The two destroyers brought to 25 the number of such Japanese war craft sent to the bottom by Amer ican submarines. Gen. Gullion Is Given Overseas Assignment By the Associated Press. The Army announced today that Maj. Gen. Allen W. Gullion has been relieved as provost marshal general to take an important but undisclosed overseas assignment. At the same time, two decorations were presented to him. In a ceremony in the office of Lt. Gen. Brehon Somervell, command ing the Army Service Forces, Un dersecretary of War Patterson pre sented Gen. Gullion an Oak Leaf cluster to the Distinguished Service Medal for his services as judge advo cate general of the Army from 1937 to 1941, and the Legion of Merit for establishing a provost marshal gen eral’s department and supervising its work since July, 1941. As provost marshal general, Gen. Gullion, whose home is in New Cas tle, Ky., had charge of all prisoners of war, the military police, internal security forces and a training pro gram for military government. Brig. Gen. Archer L. Lerch, a member of Gen. GulUon’s staff since August, 1941, has been designated acting provost marshal general. His home is in Oakland, Calif. Woman Dies, Eight Injured In Philadelphia Plant Fire By the Associated Press. PHILADELPHIA, May 2—A sol dier's wife was burned to death and seven other women and a man were injured today in an explosion and fire that destroyed a one-story frame building at the Masland Dura Leather Co. plant here. The dead woman was Mrs. Helen O'Neal, 19. mother of a 19-month old daughter. The explosion, occurring in a ma chine, sprayed flaming liquids over Mrs. O’Neal and others. “Suddenly there was a flash and a loud boom, the burning liquid was spread all around and the girls start ed to scream and run,” said Miss Elaine Robinson, 19, one of the less seriously hurt. Several fell unconscious at the exits, she added. Production of Aircraft At Peak, Wilson Reports American aircraft production ap pears to have reached its peak and it probably will not be necessary to push production beyond the March high of 9,117 planes, Charles E. Wil son, chairman of the Aircraft Pro duction Board, said today as he re ported a new1 percentage high was reached in combat planes turned out during April. Although total April production was 8.434 planes, 774 less than in March, “we got all the tactical planes we needed." Combat planes comprised 77 per cent of the total, a new high. Nazis Gain Slightly On Anzio Beachhead Enemy Shelling Increases In Cassino Sector By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples, May 2.—The Germans have thrust forward against 5th Army positions on the Anzio beachhead and made a slight gain three miles southwest of Carroceto, it was an nounced today. Enemy shelling also increased in the long-dormant Cassino area of the 5th Army’s main front and strong enemy patrols were driven off in that sector, Allied headquarters said. Tire pnemy attack on the beach head came while an Allied raiding party was stabbing at Cerreto Alto. The results of the latter raid were not immediately available. An attempt by the German Air Force to raid the beachhead Sunday night was broken up by anti-air craft fire. Twelve of 15 attacking planes were compelled to Jettison their bombs. Four of the raiders were shot down and two others probably destroyed, Increasing the i score of the beachhead gunners to 199 destroyed and 180 probable*. I t Spain Will Cut Wolfram Trade With Germany Also Agrees to Oust Axis Agents; Will Get Oil From Caribbean By JOSEPH H. BAIRD. Secretary of State Hull’s pol icy of “cracking down’’ on neu tral aid to the Axis yielded con crete results today when it was announced that Spain had agreed drastically to cut wol fram shipments to Germany, ex pel a number of German agents, release certain Italian ships held in its ports and cease all mili tary activity against Russia. Concessions by Spain to Allied demands followed closely the agree ment of Turkey to halt chrome ship ments to Germany. Thus, within the last fortnight the Reich’s sup plies of two vital ingredients for munitions have beerf drastically cut. As a result of the greement with Spain, announced simultaneously by the State Department here ana by Foreign Minister Anthony Eden in the House of Commons, Spain again will be allowed to purchase bulk oil in Caribbean countries and minor amounts of packaged petroleum products in the United States. These exports had been cut off completely in January as a result of Madrid’s earlier refusal to stop aid to the Axis. Outstanding points in the Anglo American-Spanish agreement are: 1. Spanish shipments of wolfram to Germany will be reduced to 20 tons per month for May and June and 40 tons per month for the rest of the year “if, as a practical mat ter, they can be made.” the State Department said, having in mind the possibility that Aemrlcan and British troops soon may control the trade routes between Spain and Germany. These reduced shipments of wol fram, or tungsten ore, an ingredi ent of hard steel, will total, if con tinued, 280 tons for this year as compared with 1,100 tons the Reich bought from Spain in 1943, and January, 1944. i. Maana agrees to expel desig nated Axis agents from Tangier in the Spanish zone across the Strait of Gibraltar—a hotbed of anti Allied espionage—as well as from metropolitan Spain. It also consents to the closing of the German con sulate and other Axis agencies in Tangiers. Although the agents to be expelled are not publicly designated, it was assumed that they are ones best placed for espionage work. 3. Spain consents to release five Italian merchant vessels in its ports and to arbitrate the question of re leasing two others as well as Italian warships now interned. Six Italian merchantmen had been released previously. 4. Spain states that it has with drawn all air and ground units fighting on the Russian front and retains there temporarily only a hospital unit and an administrative unit supervising the withdrawal. The agreement implies, according to the State Department, that no more troops will be sent to aid Germany. "In view of the foregoing,” the State Department announced, "per mission will now be given for the renewal of bulk petroleum loadings by Spanish tankers in the Caribbean and the lifting from the United States ports of minor quantities of packaged petroleum products in ac cordance with the controlled pro gram in operation prior to the sus pension of such loadings." The State Department stressed that under this program oil experts to Spain will be carefully supervised to make sure they do not reach Axis territory. Under the agree ment in force until February 1, which now will be renewed, Spain is allowed to ship 48,000 tons monthly to its mainland and 13.000 tons monthly to its colonies of bulk pe troleum purchased from Caribbean countries, as well as 1,500 tons of packaged petroleum products from United States ports. it is estimated mat 4,1 aays win be required for Spanish ships to pick up their oil cargoes and return to Spanish ports with them. All exports of oil were cut off at the end of January as a result of Spanish recalcitrance in stopping wolfram shipments to Germany. As the result of this drastic policy, Madrid at once agreed to a tem porary embargo on wolfram, which has been in effect during February March and April. The “crack-down'1 on oil for Spain was made neces sary when the United States learned that Germany had, been awarded credits of $40,000,000 in Spain in settlement of Spanish civil war debts and already had bought up for ex port some 1,000 tons of wolfram. During the negotiations, it was learned, the United States pressed hard for continuance of a complete embargo on wolfram. However, the British, also parties to the negotia tions, were anxious to come to a prompt agreement and persuaded the United States to compromise on this point. Three or four months will be re quired tor the conversion of wolfram into finished munitions, it was pointed out at the State Depart ment, and the future small ship ments permitted under the agree ment are regarded as negligible in their effect on the war. 7-lnch Snow Is Denver's Fourth Storm in Month By the Associated Press, DENVER, May 2.—Winter took another crack at Colorado and Southern Wyoming today. More than 7 inches of wet, heavy snow 'fell in the Denver area. It was the fourth heavy snow storm in less than a month. Bud ding trees sagged under the thick, white blanket, tardily planted farm fields were hidden, wartime traffic was hampered. The Weather Bureau said the storm extended from Palmer Lake, in Central Colorado, northward into Wyominf. A Schenley Distillers, 11 Others Indicted In Liquor Price Plot Newark Jury Charges Violations in Texas, Georgia, Louisiana By the Associated Press. The Justice Department said today a sealed indictment, charging Schenley Distillers Corp., New York; a Bayonne (N. J.) wholesale liquor firm and 10 persons with conspiracy to violate price ceilings and to keep false records, has been returned by a Newark (N. J.) Federal grand jury. Acting Attorney General Charley Fahy announced that the indict ment, involving alleged price ceiling violations in Georgia, Texas and Louisiana, was returned April 26. It charged the 12 defendants, Mr. Fahy said, with conspiracy to violate the Price Control Act by selling liquor above maximum prices and with conspiring to violate the in ternal revenue code by making false entries in records of receipts and distribution. / Agreement Cited. The department said the con spiracy charged in the indictment revolved around an alleged agree ment between the Schenley Corp. and Benjamin F. Pross, Great Neck, Long Island, whom the department identified as business manager of the AFL Wine, Liquor and Distillery Workers' Union, No. 1, of New York to dispose of 15.000 cases of liquor over the regular monthly allot ments then assigned by Schenley to its regular distributors. The indictment charged the bulk of this liquor passed through the F. & A. Distributing Co. of Bayonne, N. J., and Cluff & Pickering, New York City wholesale liquor dealers, into markets in Georgia, Texas and Louisiana. The Cluff & Pickering firm was not named in the indict i ment. The Government charged the above-ceiling payments were made in cash and that single payments of $20,000 were not uncommon. Defendants Listed. Defendants named in the indict ment, the department said, include Schenley Distillers Corp., F. & A. Distributing Co., Inc.; Pross, Hyman S. Abramson, a partner in Cluff & Pickering, New York; Maurice Alt schuler of Bayonne, secretary and 1 treasurer of the F. & A. Distribut , ing Co.: Frank Mayer. Newark, N. J., wholesale liquor dealer; Louis Bol dreghini. Houston <Tex.) retail liquor dealer; Edward Gottehrer, j New York City liquor salesman; : Jack Shapiro, Dallas (Tex.) liquor 1 salesman; Kenneth Lavine, Dallas liquor salesman; Graham L. Wright, Augusta (Ga.) retail liquor dealer, | and Samuel Ruben, Augustgt whole sale liquor dealer. The Justice Department said maximum penalties possible on con viction are a fine of $10,000 and two years’ imprisonment for individuals and a fine of $10,000 for corpora tions. Mrs. Ogden Reid Abroad LONDON, May 2 (/P).— Mrs. Ogden | Reid, vice president of the New ;York Herald-Tribune, arrived today ] by Clipper to inspect British war | time conditions. It was her first I visit since early 1939. Pulitzer Prizes Won by Flavin, Berryman, Price and De Luce Play Award Held Up by Board, but 'Oklahoma' Gets Special Cash Reward Bj tne Associated Press. NEW YORK, May 2.—Martin Flavin, author of “Journey in the Dark,” today held the Pulit zer Prize for the most distin guished American novel of 1943 while Associated Press Staff Members Daniel De Luce and Frank Filan possessed two of the nine journalism awards. Mr. De Luce, war correspondent who entered Nazi-dominated Yugo slavia to report the activities of Marshal Tito’s forces, won the Pul itzer prize for international tele graphic reporting. He now is as signed to the Anzio beachhead. The war front photographic award was won by Mr. Filan who risked his life to get the picture, “Tarawa Island,” which showad a blasted Japanese pillbox with dead Japanese soldiers strewn through the debris. Mr. Flavin, who began his writing career in 1926, has written two other novels, "Corporal Cat,” and "Mr. Littlejohn.” He also is the author of several plays, including “Children of the Moon” and "The Criminal Code.” The cartoonist award went to Clifford K. Berryman of The Eve ning Star, Washington, for his car toon "But Where Is the Boat Going?” The award for distinguished cor respondence was won by Ernie Pyle of the Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance whose newspaper column depicts the human side of the war. Earle L. Bunker of the Omaha. Nebr„ World-Herald was named (g— PUUTaER, pxn ) House Group Is Told Of Trouble in Finding Head for Gallinger District Officiols Say Qualified Men Refuse Job at $6,500 Base Pay By DON S. WARREN. Difficulties of finding a quali fied superintendent for Gallinger Municipal Hospital to replace Dr. Edgar A. Bocock, who resigned after a Senate committee inves tigation of the hospital, were outlined today to the House Dis trict Appropriations Subcom mittee by District officials. Chairman Coffee said District officials reported they have been unable to find a qualified man who would take the job at the present basic salary of $6,500 and that they were proposing a provision which would permit them to pay more, perhaps $10,000 a year. Mr. Coffee said testimony also showed that, despite a national search for registered nurses to fill vacancies amounting to more than 75 at Gallinger, District officials were "having the very devil of a time.” He attributed part of this difficulty to the salaries paid registered nurses by the District saying they were “ridiculously low under present cir cumstances.” Ambulance Drivers Needed. The House Appropriations Sub committee also is considering other requests from Gallinger, including the employment of 14 aambulance drivers and attendants which would permit two Health Department am bulances to be put into 24-hour serv ice as a part of the now centrally controlled District Emergency Am bulance Service. This was established last fall after attention was directed by The Star to delays and lack of proper service, under which victims of traffic acci dents at times lay in the street for long periods awaiting attention. The Gallinger ambulance now is operated only part of the day and this is accomplished by the assign ment of seven firemen to the Gal linger vehicle. The Health Depart _' See BUDGET,- Page A-9.). Seven Defendants fi / ;;;;; t Case Found Guilty Women Foce Prison Sentences Up to Two-Year Maximum BULLETIN. Seven women connected with the Hopkins Institute were found guilty today of conspiring to violate the Mann Act. A District Court jury deliberated 1 hour and 20 minutes. The verdict was read shortly after 2 p.m. Each of the women faces a sen tence of 4 months to 2 years. By NORMAN A. KAHL. The case against seven women connected with the Hopkins In stitute, who are charged with conspiring to violate the Mann Act, was given to a District Court Jury at 11:21 a.m. today. The jury began its deliberations after 45 minutes of instructions from Justice Arthur Lederle, who defined the nature of the conspiracy statute. Justice Lederle warned the jury not to be swayed as an individual “either for or against the defendants be cause of the particular legislation under which this action is brought." The court informed the jury its only duty was to determine the guilt or innocence of the defendants. The penalty, he pointed out, has been fixed by Congress, with certain dis cretion left to the court. If con victed, the seven women may face penalties ranging from four months to two years in prison. No Evidence of “Deals.” Taking cognizance of implications made by defense lawyers concerning the possibility of “deals" having been made between the Govern i ment and prosecution witnesses, | Justice Lederle said he saw no evi dence "of any improper conduct on ; the part of the Government or any one connected with the prosecution of the case.” He instructed the jury, however, that his opinion need not be binding on them. The jury was told to decide the i See HOPKINS, Page A-9.1 Soldiers Ignore Raid, Gunfire to Worship ny jr., Star Staff Correspondent. WITH THE AMERICAN 5th ARMY IN ITALY. April 30 (de layed > .—Attendance was light at vesper services held this Sunday afternoon by the chaplain of an American battalion here on the Garigliano front, owing to the fact that the Germans raided our lines a few hours before. Although the; raid was decisively beaten back many of the boys who had planned to go to church had to keep on the alert in their fox holes instead. I Nine of them, however, made their way down winding paths from their positions in the foothills to a white Italian farmhouse 1.100 yards from the German lines. There they climbed a battle-scarred staircase, passed through a room with a shell hole in the roof and came into the bare whitewashed loft which is their chapel. They greeted the chaplain who was running over some hymns on a portable organ at the far end of the A room and when he said hello he. called them by their first names. They took off their helmets and leaned their tommy guns against the wall. Then they stood and waited quietly for the service to be gin. Artillery fire rolled along the front behind them and little white flakes of plaster fell like snow from the walls. Passes Out Hymn Books. The altar was on the chaplain's right as he sat at the organ. In the center of a rough wooden table there was a silver cross flanked on either side by two candles in silver candlesticks. The chaplain stopped playing and stood up, a young man with light brown hair and dark brown eyes he handed each of them a book. "Let’s sing 'Work for the Night Is Coming.' ” he said. "That’s the one I was playing just now." He went back to the organ. He played well and spiritedly and the nihe boys sang with a will. Most of I them sang the melody. There were , two tenors and a bass in the con gregation and it sounded fine. A mortar battery across the road opened up in the middle of the second verse, but they didn't seem to mind. "Okay,” said the chaplain. "Now suppose we sing another one.” Down the road you could hear the angry crump, crump of enemy shells bursting. The boys looked tired, their clothes were dirty and their shoes were encrusted with mud. but they stood very straight as they sang another one. "I would be true, for there are those* who trust me.” I wmuld be pure, for there are those who care. I would be strong, for there is much * to suffer, I would be brave, for there is much to dare.” The chaplain read the 23d Psalm. Then he said, "I think we should (See NOYES, Page A-3.) Ward Seizure Probe Approved By House Unit Sabath Wants Inquiry To Cover Company's WLB Business BIDDLE DECLARES Montgomery Ward seizure was * President's duty. Page A-3 Br the Associated Pres*. The House Rules Committee reported favorably today a reso lution authorizing an investiga tion of the Government seizure of the Montgomery Ward plant in Chicago, and Chairman Sab ath declared the inquiry should be extended to determine why the War Production Board gave a mail-order house so much business. “That company goU4100,000,000 In Government business that should have gone to manufacturers,” Rep resentative Sabath told a reporter. The veteran chairman originally opposed the investigation, demanded by Representative Dewey, Repub lican, of Illinois. Seven-Man Probe Planned. Speaker Rayburn said he would appoint four Democrates and three Republicans to the group. If the House adopts the resolution. Rep resentative Pish, Republican, of New York predicted that would happen by a four-to-one vote. Representative Sabath told a re porter earlier he "intended to report the bill out today, all along,” and added “I don't know why everybody was so hasty about this.” In the Senate, where two in vestigative moves are under way. Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Virginia said he would demand a vote on hia resolution proposing a broad Judi ciary Committee inquiry into the seizure, despite an investigation al ready set in motion by Committee Chairman McCarran. “People Shocked” Byrd Says. Declaring that "people are shocked by this unwarranted use of military power,” Senator Byrd told reporters: "My main objective is to inquire into the use of military force in the seizure of the plant and the removal of Sewell Avery, head of Montgom | ery Ward, from his business. "Mr.1 Avery has notified me that none of his Chicago employes has been classified as essential to war production or deferred from military induction by reason of their em ployment with Montgomery Ward” Commending Senator McCarran for sending an investigator to Chi cago to inquire into the legal basis for the seizure under an executive order, Senator Byrd declared his own resolution, introduced Satur day, “will strengthen the hand of the McCarran subcommittee.” Mr. 8abath, who had been holding up the resolution, said he felt it was broad enough to meet his demand that the company’s action in refus ing to extend a CIO contract—the issue that precipiated the seizure— likewise be looked Into by the House probers. Critical of Avery. "I think we ought to have "an investigation of Montgomery Ward and see if that fellow (Mr. Avery) is bigger than the Government,” he said, adding that he has gone into entire matter thoroughly and has "concluded that the company got every consideration any corporation is entitled to.” Kepresentative Dewey said he would take the floor today to de mand a showdown with Mr. Sabath. The investigator sent to Chicago by the Senate Judiciary Committee will return to Washington tomorrow and Chairman McCarran predicted prompt committee action will follow his report. Senator McCarran said “the ques tion uppermost in the minds of Con gress is: Are we preserving a Gov ernment by law which is basic to this form of democracy or are we, by any misinterpretation or over step, forgetting that we are a Gov ernment by law and attempting to set up a Government of men?" Representative Hoffman, Repub lican, of Michigan submitted legis lation in the House yesterday re quiring a plant, such as Mont gomery Ward, to have at least 50 per cent of its output definitely classed as war material before the Government may seize it to end a labor dispute. Mr. Cox and Mr. Smith made a threat to change the rules of the House which have been in effect (See WARD, Page A-3.) Jap Destroyer Sunk In Indian Ocean British Submarines Also Destroy 4 Other Ships By the Associsted Press. LONDON, May 2.—British sub marines have sunk a Japanese de stroyer and four other vessels in re cent attacks on enemy supply lines in Asiatic waters, the Admiralty an nounced today. In addition, a communique said, two supply ships and an escort vessel were damaged by the undersea raid ers. one of which also was credited with bombarding military installa tions at Port Blair in the Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean. The destroyer was attacked and sunk south of the Andaman Islands while escorting a suply ship, which also was torpedoed, the Admiralty said. Another supply ship was re ported sunk in the same area while traveling under strong escort. The other vessels reported sunk included a medium-sized supply ship with a deck cargo of motor trans port and two smaller vessels, which were destroyed in Malacca Strait between Malaya and Sumatra. The submarine which bombarded enemy positions at Port Blair en gaged in a brisk duel with shore batteries and escaped unscathed, the communique said. Hits on a small escort vessel were scored by the raider during the action.