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Continued warm, fair tonight. Tomor row increasing cloudiness: windy. Temperatures today—Highest. 78. at 1:30 p.m.: lowest, 55, at 6:50 a.m. Yes terday—Highest. 84, at 2:55 p.m.; low est, 61, at 7:15 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-17 1 Guide for Readers ! Page. Amusements B-16 Comics.B-26-27 Editorials.A-l# Editor! Articles A-ll Finance .A-17 Lost and Found, A-3 Page. Obituary .A-l* Radio.B-27 Society..B-3 Sporta ..A-14-15 WhOre to Oo__ B-7 Woman’s Page B-20 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,526. _WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 1944—FORTY-SIX PAGES. *** IMS THREE CENTS. EVISS” OPA Makes All Meat Point-Free Except Steaks and Beef Roasts As Foreign and Army Needs Drop Bowles Sees Status Lasting at Least 3 or 4 Months By MALCOLM LAMBORNE, Jr. All meats except beefsteaks and beef roasts become ration free at midnight tonight. Price Administrator Chester Bowles announced today. Disclosing the sudden move at a special press conference, Mr. Bowles revealed that lease-lend buying has dropped sharply. This factor, com bined with reduced Army and Navy demand, crowding of storage space and the hope that the action will bring more meat to market this summer, made the move possible, he said. The removaj of ration points, ef fective for an indefinite period, covers all cuts of pork, veal, lamb and mutton and all beef except the steaks and roasts; beef hamburgers, beef stews,' all kinds of variety meats, sausage, ready-to-eat meats, canned meats and canned fish are ration free. 85% of Meat Ration Free. The action removes 85 per cent of all meat from the ration list. The only items which will require expenditure of red ration stamps and tokens in addition to beef steaks and roasts are butter, mar garine, cheese and cheese products and. evaporated milk. Because of the wide variety of meats now becoming ration-free, Mr. Bowles announced housewives will have to stretch rod points over a four-week period instead of the present two-w-eek period. Beginning Sunday OPA will validate 30 red points every four weeks. Red stamps R-8, S-8 and T-8 will be validated Sunday, but no more red stamps will be made valid until June 3. Declaring the changes are “in line with OPA’s policy of limiting ra tioning to the very minimum,” Mr. Bowles said that “I cannot say now when or whether the meats we are now making point free will again have to be given point values. Much depends upon the cattle feed situa tion which, in turn, is dependent In large measure on the weather.” He indicated, however, that he was fairly certain the new status would endure for three or four months at least. Pork Particularly Plentiful. Mr. Bowles pointed out that pork Is particularly plentiful at this time because lease-lend requirements have dropped from 35 per cent to 7 per cent of our total pork supply. The action in connection with beef, he said, is related to Army and Navy demands which are on "a cur rent basis.” Points on lamb, mut ton and veal are being removed as production is greater than at this time last year. “The animal production now is of record proportions.” Mr. Bowles stated. “Whether it can be main tained depends upon the amount of feed and feed grains that must be shared by meat animal herds with dairy cows and poultry.” He said the volume of beef steaks and roasts now’ coming into market is not large enough in re lation to the demand to warrant any point changes at this time. Point values for beef steaks and roasts continue at from seven to thirteen points per pound. items Becoming Ration Free. The following items become point free at midnight: Beef—hamburger, stews and all Other cuts except steaks and roast. Pork—all pork and pork products, fresh, frozen or smoked, however packed. Veal—all veal and veal products. Lamb and mutton—all lamb and mutton and all lamb and mutton products. Variety meats—all variety meats Including liver, sweet breads and tongue. Sausage—all items. Ready-to-eat-meats—all items, in cluding boiled ham, boiled tongue, dried beef, corned beef brisket, bar becued pork and spareribs. Canned meats—all meats in tin or glass containers, including luncheon meat, deviled and potted meats, dried beef and chile con carne. Canned flsh—bonito, mackerel, oysters, salmon, sardines, shrimp, tuna, yellowtail and all canned products containing flsh. Lou Boudreau Takes Army Physical Test By the Associated Press. CHICAGO. May 3.—Lou Bou dreau. youthful shortstop and man ager of the Cleveland Indians, re ported for his preinduction physical examination today at the Armed Forces Examination and Induction Station in Chicago. Boudreau, 26, married and the father of two children, has been in 1-A for several weeks. Beginning his third season as Cleveland manager, Boudreau for merly played with Buffalo in the Internationa! League alter being graduated from the University of Illinois in 1938. Late Bulletin Army Rejects Cammack William Cammack, 18, co heir with his brothers to a 83,000,000 fortune, who was arrested on a charge of fail ing to register for the draft, was rejected by the Army to day after a pre-induction physical examination at Fort Myer. The reason for his re jection was not revealed by military authorities. (Earlier Story on Page B-l.) r ——— ■■ - ■■ ■ - ■— Navy Raid on Truk Increases Jap Plane Toll to 232 in Week Task Force Shoots Down 66 Craft, Destroys 60 on Ground at Bastion GEN. MACARTHUR REPORTS de struction of 1,727 small Jap ships in two years. Page A-9 By t he Associated Prass. A mighty American naval force, roaming the South Pacific seas unchallenged by the Japa nese Navy, has run its string of air victories to 232 enemy planes destroyed in a little more than a week by smashing Truk Atoll, Japan’s stronghold in the Caro lines, with one of the heaviest blows of the Pacific war. An 800-ton blast by carrier-based planes last Saturday, Sunday and Monday wrecked Truk's defenses and destroyed 60 parked planes. Sixty-six more Japanese aircraft were shot down. On the preceding week end the same task force supported 6th Army invasion forces at Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea, and accounted for 106 Japanese planes. Truk's satellite bases at Satawan and Ponape in the Eastern Carolines were bombed and big guns from battleships and cruisers added their heavyweight explosives to the new est assault. 30 Flyers Missing. Not a warship was damaged and air losses were confined to 30 flyers missing. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commander of the Pacific Fleet, said yesterday in a Pearl Harbor communique disclosing the newest attacks. Carrier planes, opening the second such task force assault on Truk— the first occurred February 16 and 17—shot down 60 Japanese planes in combat Saturday and destroyed 60 more on the ground. Guns of | the warships accounted for five more The next day, while the bombing of the big naval base was pressed home, Truk was able to send up only one plane and it was shot down. Sunday, during the second day’s pounding of Truk, the airbase is land of Satawan, more than 100 miles to the southeast, was shelled by cruisers of Rear Admiral J. B. Oldendorf. Monday, big battleships of Vice Admiral W. A. Lee poured their shells on Ponape, the often raided island in the Eastern Caro lines, 440 miles from Truk. Carrier planes also attacked the base. Admiral Nimitz’s communique also reported that the warships shot down five Japanese search planes on April 26 “during the retirement from the Hollandia area.” That date would be April 27, east longitude or Dutch New Guinea time. It pre viously had been announced that the task forces destroyed 101 planes in softening-up attacks prior to the Hollandia invasion, which Gen. MacArthur opened April 22. Liberators Blast Wake. It also was announced at Pearl Harbor yesterday that heavy Lib erator bombers of the 7th Army Air Force gave Japanese-held Wake Is land, 2,300 miles west of Honolulu, its heaviest pounding of the war last Sunday. . Flying through moderate anti aircraft fire, the Navy said, the bombers dropped 95 tons of explo sives on defense installations. Al though several enemy planes arose, no interception was attempted and all the raiding planes returned to their base. Wake, about 600 miles northeast of the American base on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshalls, was last raided April 19. Thirty tons of bombs hit their targets in that strike. Allied Forces Seize More Strong Points North of Kohima Other Troops Evacuate Village* at Southern End of Burma Front « By the Associated Press, SOUTHEAST A SIA HEAD QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, May 3.—Allied troops have captured several additional enemy strong points north of Kohima in as saults designed to lessen Japa nese pressure on that Indian frontier base, Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten’s headquar ters announced today. At the same time, however, a com munique said, Allied forces on the southern end of the Burma front evacuated the village of Paletwa ‘'in readjusting” their positions in that area. Paletwa is situated on the Kala | dan River about 100 miles north of the Japanese-held port of Akyab and about 35 miles northeast of Buthedaung. In Northern Burma, the commu nique said, Allied forces have de stroyed more enemy strong points and Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell’s American-Chinese troops are con I tinuing to advance south and west of Warong. The Allied forces also pressed for ward north and northeast of Imphal in an advance which at one point piled up more than 250 enemy dead in recent operations, the bulletin said. Bad weather hampered opera tions south of Kohima. The German radio today quoted dispatches from Tokyo as declar ing British troops had evacuated Imphal and had taken up posi tions just outside the town, j “About 30,000 Allied troops are in , this area.” said the broadcast, 1 which had no confirmation from Allied quarters.) In the Palel area, 28 miles south of Imphal, where it was announced j yesterday that the Japanese were ■ attacking strongly, today’s com munique said Allied patrols were in | contact with the enemy. *a i oKio dispatch broadcast by the Berlin radio yesterday declared that 12,000 Allied troops had begun a “wholesale, con j fused retreat’’ from Palel and | said the main fighting now | centered around a point about 9 miles north a Palel. The same broadcast claimed that 72 Allied ! planes, mostly transports, had been destroyed over the Imphal plain in the last two weeks.) American four-engined bombers | raided oil installations Monday at Yenangyaung, northwest, of Magwe. Monday night RAF heavy bombers attacked rail yards at Maymo and Mandalay. British long-range fighters in j daylight yesterday hit enemy com i munications at Mandalay and other : points in Burma, j __ Hotel Fire Suspect Indicted as Murderer | By the Associater Press. SAN FRANCISCO. May 3—Dis trict Attorney Edmund Blown said | the San Francisco County grand | jury last night voted a 22-count murder indictment which named George Holman, 49, of San Francisco as the man responsible for the New Amsterdam Hotel fire the night of March 27 in which 22 persons died. New Allied Offensive In Mediterranean Forecast by Nazis Germans' Defenses On Dalmation Coast Reported Bolstered By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 3.—New Allied offensive operations in the Medi terranean in conjunction with the anticipated invasion of Western Europe were forecast today by the Germans, who were reported reinforcing their de fenses on the Dalmation coast to meet a possible thrust into the Balkans. In a broadcast from Berlin, a German military commentator de clared large movements of Allied troops and supplies observed in Southern Italy “indicate the two armies (5th and 8th) intend to launch a fresh attack.” The Germans intimated they ex pected this attack to coincide with the invasion assault from the west and a renewal of the Russian drive from the east. Nazi Divisions Shifted. Gen. Veledit, a member of the military mission sent to London by Marshal Tito of the Yugoslav Par tisans, said the Germans in his homeland "are frightened of an Allied invasion from Italy and have diverted four of their 14 divisions in Yugoslavia to guard the Dalmatian coast line.” It is known that there is close liaison between the Allied command in Italy and Marshal Tito's forces across the Adriatic. Small Allied units have been reported operating with the Partisans, and supplies and equipment are being sent in. Broadcasters Guessing. As for the main invasion from the West, Nazi broadcasters still are filling the European air with un supported guesses and theories as well as high-flown “interpretations” for their own people. One German commentator, Lt. Gen. Kurt Dittmar, conceded that | the Allies had certain advantages— I including "wide traffic lanes of the sea offering many chances to spring surprises, the fire power of a su jperior fleet and superior air forces.” Japs on Lunghai Rail Line Increase Threat to Loyang By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, May 3.—Japanese forces driving westward along the Lunghai Railway were increasing their# threat today to Loyang, six times the capital of China and one of the oldest cities in the country. A Japanese column was reported | less than 35 miles east of Loyang, after advancing through Hulao Pass midway between Loyang and Chengsien, Japanese-held junction of the Lunghai and Peiping-Han kow north-south line. A Chinese communique also said Japanese forces striking westward from North Anhwei Province had made further gains in the general direction of the Peiping-Hankow artery. The Chinese hold on this vital road now has been narrowed to less than 120 miles. The Chinese also announced they had begun "large scale mobile war fare” east of the rail line in Honan .Province, in an apparent effort to strike at the Japanese flanks. Liberators Blast French Coast For Fourth Day Raid Follows Heavy RAF Night Attack on Nazi Chemical Center By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 3. — American Liberators bombed the Pas-de Calais area of France for the fourth consecutive day today after RAF Mosquitos made a 30 minute attack on the German chemical center of Leverkusen last night and Italy-based bomb ers blasted Genoa and communi cations centers in Northern Italy. Today’s hammering of Nazi in stallations blocking the shortest invasion route to the continent car ried the mighty two-directional air offensive through the 19th consecu tive day. The 400-mile-an-hour Mosquitos dropped many 4.000-pound block busters on Leverkusen, which lies just north of Cologne and is the home of one of the largest chemical works in Europe, employing 20,000 workers. The Acheres railway yards in Prance also were hit by Mosquitos as British heavy bombers remained idle for the first time in seven nights. * Piacenza Also Bombed. Besides Genoa, second only to Marseille as an important Medi terranean port, the southern arm of the Allied Air Force also struck at Piacenza, Milan, Livoms and La Spezia, in an extension of the wide spread assaults made yesterday. Six Allied planes were missing from 1,800 sorties flown during the day and night in the steadily rising offensive the Mediterranean Air Force la waging. One enemy plane was daatroyed. A Ministry of Economic Warfare spokesman said today that rail tar gets in Western Europe have been bombed so effectively for the last two months that the lines in North ern France and Belgium no longer are capable of bearing the peak load necessary for the Germans to repel invasion. He said no freight between Co logne and the Bay of Biscay in a zone 100 miles deep was capable of forming trains and that only mili tary and coal traffic could be han dled. He said 14-year-old boys, women and one-armed former sol diers were being used by the Ger mans to run the trains. Others Penetrate to Munich. While the Mosquitos visited Ger many last night for the first time this month, Allied Intruders swept over the continent as far as Munich; and shot down five German planes. Four of them were downed by one Canadian Mosquito crew, setting a record for this type of night opera tion. An Air Ministry communique said mines also were strewn in enemy waters and that no Allied planes were missing. The Acheres railyard, near Paris, was last hit by RAF heavies on April 30 in the campaign to knock out railroads supplying the enemy's anti-invasion forces. Halifaxes and Wellingtons carried out the attacks on Genoa, which now has been bombed five nights in a row, and also hit Piacenza, which links the main road from Turin across Northern Italy to Venice with a road from Milan to the east coast. La Spezia, the North Italian naval case, also was bombed yesterday for the fourth time in as many days. Widespread Assaults. The raid of La Spezia—made by American Liberators—came as part of the widespread assaults in which rail yards in Northern Italy were attacked: Italian-based Marauders for the second straight day bombed rail yards in the Greater Florence area. The rail centers on which the Liberators concentrated their bombs yesterday included Castelmagglore and Faenza, in the Bologne area; Parma, 50 miles northwest of Bologna on the route toward Milan, and Fa no, on the east coast line between An cona and Bimini. Piacenza, hit at night, is 40 miles southeast of Milan. Mosquito pilots back from the j Leverkusen raid said all the town's defenses opened up as the bombers | swept up over in clear weather. Only Two Planes Lost. United States headquarters an nounced that in widespread oper ations yesterday by medium, light i and fighter-bombers and fighters against a panorama of rail junctions I and airfields in France, Belgium and ! Holland, only one fighter and one i fighter bomber were lost, j From dawn to dusk yesterday ex plosives were loosed at a 2-ton-per minute clip on invasion coast de fenses and rail feeder lines by Allied bombers of virtually all types. The sky-filling forays went almost un i challenged by the Germans. Although an official estimate was not available, it appeared that the Tuesday attacks approximated those of preceding days when sorties to taled around 2,000 or 3,000 daily, raising to possibly 7,000 the bomb tonnage for May's opening 36 hours. Allied Air Forces based in Britain and the Mediterranean area drop ped nearly 100,000 tons of bombs on i German-held Europe in April dur (See RAIDS, Page A-37) CIO Opposes NLRB Order to Speed Vote At Montgomery Ward Ruling on President's Powers Due Monday; Congress Pushes Probes A new controversy was on tap in the Montgomery Ward case today, with CIO lyjion leaders at the Government-controlled plant in Chicago expressing dis approval of the seven-day limit fixed by the National Labor Re lations Board for holding an election to determine if a ma jority of employes in the mail order establishment desire to be represented by the union. The representation issue precipi tated the trouble which led to Gov ernment seizure of Montgomery Ward last week, the company con tending the CIO no longer had a majority. The Labor Relations Board yesterday ordered the election to decide this point. The union wants the election de layed three weeks. Court Ruling Due Monday. Meanwhile, the legal fight over the right of the President to order seizure of the property ended in Federal Court in Chicago with Judge William H. Holly announcing that he would give his decision next Monday. In addition, plans went forward here for separate Senate and House investigations of the matter, as demands echoed in Con gress for legislative restrictions against such confiscations. The Associated Press reported that spokesmen for the United Mail Order, Warehouse and Retail Em ployes said the Labor Relations Board order directing the election within seven days was “contrary” to the board's practice of allowing at least 21 days to prepare for the ballot. 21-Day Delay Sought. Leonard Levy, international vice president of the union, said he will ask that the collective bargaining election be postponed at least 21 days. "This Is the dirtiest deal the NLRB ever dished out to labor,” declared Miss Myrna Siegendorf, publicity di rector for Local 20 of the union. "Of course, we’ll protest. There's a reign of terror at the plant right now. Al though the Government has taken over, the union contract has not been extended, discharged strikers have not been reinstated, grievances have not been settled. "To hold an election on such short notice and in such an atmosphere is ridiculous, an utter violation of all NLRB precedents.” Francis Heisler, union attorney, asserted there had been an oral understanding, after a hearing here by an NLRB trial examiner, that the election would not be ordered before May 31 or later than June 7. "Contrary to All Rules.” "A decision from the board in such a short time is unbelievable.” Mr. Heisler said. "It is contrary to all rules and is not conducive to a fair determination of the issue.” George J. Bott, NLRB regional director, who will be in charge of the ballot, announced he will meet with union and company officials to arrange details. Approximately 6,000 employes may be eligible to vote and will ballot in two units. One will include employes in the mail-order house, the retail store | and warehouse; the other will in clude certain employes on the ad j ministrative payroll, but excluding I office workers. The union wanted I all employes to vote as a unit . The j company sought four groupings. The company, at expiration of its contract with the union last De cember 8. had refused to renew the pact, contending the CIO affiliate did not represent a majority. Biddle. Avery to Be Called. On the congressional front, a Sen ate judiciary subcommittee headed by Senator McCarran, Democrat, of Nevada arranged an initial meet ing today and announced Attorney General Biddle and Ward Chair man Sewell Avery would be among witnesses called for public hearings starting next week. In the House leaders cleared the way for a vote tomorrow or Friday on a resolution that would set up a special seven-member committee to conduct a concurrent inquiry. Administration spokesmen con j ceded it would get overwhelming approval. Pointing up angry speeches on the ! (See MONTGOME'Y'WARD, A-16.) ■. ■ ■ . I * .■■■■■„ Two Flyers Grounded For Loose Talk Prior To Attack on Berlin By tte Associated Press. UNITED STATES BOMBER BASE IN BRITAIN, May 3.— Two crewmep of an American bomber who were reported to have talked too much before the last attack on Berlin have been grounded and probably will be court-martialed. Their names were withheld. It was reported that shortly be fore the takeoff time they were overheard to mention in a place where the conversation might be heard by the wrong people that Berlin was the target. Sedition Trial Halted To Await Completion Of Contempt Hearing New Moves to Sever Cases of 28 Defendants Expected Next Week By CARTER BROOKE JONES. Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher adjourned the mass sedition trial in District Court today until 10 a.m. Monday, awaiting the com pletion of a hearing before Jus tice Jennings Bailey tomorrow of a contempt citation against James J. Laughlin, a defense at torney in the sedition case. Meanwhile, there was increasing talk among defense attorneys that fresh motions would be made next week to sever the cases against their clients from that of Edward James Smythe and Edward Noble, represented by Mr. Laughlin. Members of defense counsel con tend the Laughlin contempt pro ceeding is likely to create prejudice against the other 28 dei'endents. 1- ew Persons on Hand. Only a handful of persons at tended the brief process in Justice Etcher's court. Most of the defend ants were absent, though some of those out on bond had come. The marshal’s office had not been re quired to bring in the accused men in custody. J. Austin Latimer, counsel for James True and George E. Deather age, asked the court if it would be possible to hold the Laughlin con tempt hearing in Justice Etcher's courtroom rather than in the smaller courtroom of Justice Bailey. Mr. Latimer pointed out that all the attorneys in the case wanted to at tend the hearing. "That is entirely up to Justice Bailey,” Justice Eicher replied. | "This court will make no sugges ! tion.” Court Adjourned Quickly. Another attorney was on his feet, but Justice Eicher quickly adjourned court. Mr. Laughlin is cited to show cause why he should not be held in contempt of cOuit for his reflections on Justice Eicher in a series of mo ! tions presented during the two woeks of the sedition trial. The task of choosing a jury in the sedition case will begin Monday for the sec.ond time, with members of :the new May venire present. The i old jury venire was dismissed Mon day, the last day of the court term, after the court and the attorneys had struggled futilel.v to obtain a jury from these panels. Inquiry Request Goes to Committee. Several defense efforts to bring conduct of the trial to the attention of Congress had resulted today in referring the matter to a Senate Judiciary Subcommittee, which was asked to determine whether any in vestigation or other action was justi fied. Chairman McCarran referred a petition by Albert W. Dilling, at torney and former husband of the defendant, Elizabeth Dilling, to a i subcommittee consisting of Senators Hatch, Democrat, of New Mexico; Eastland, Democrat, of Mississippi, and Danaher, Republican, of Con necticut. Mr. Dilling asked a congressional i inquiry into the way Justice Eicher I has run the trial. The attorney charged in his petition that virtually all defense motions had been denied and prosecution motions upheld and the defendants deprived of their ! constitutional rights. Senator Mc I Carran said he doubted that the committee had jurisdiction over con duct of the trial, but had referred I it to the subcommittee for further study. Increase in Powers For Capital Planners Due for Close Study Budget Bureau's Report Asks Fullest Opportunity For Civic Development By J. A. O’LEARY. The proposal of the Budget Bureau to give the National Capital Park and Planning Com mission a stronger voice in the affairs not only of the District government but of Federal ( agencies that take a hand in the development of Washington is likely to receive long and close scrutiny from Congress and local civic groups before it be comes a law. The 45-page report Budget Direc tor Harold D. Smith transmitted to the President Monday is replete with suggestions as to how the com mission should be given the ‘‘full est opportunity for positive plan ning leadership in the development and re-development of tne National Capital area.” The degree of support or opposi tion the report stimulates probably will depend on the exact new pow ers delegated to the commission when the budget findings are trans lated into the draft of a bill. There-1 was no draft of a bill in the report. Advisory Functions. The few concrete recommenda tions that directly affect the Dis trict government, are not drastic in nature, as set forth in Mr. Smith's letter of transmittal, if the bill to carry them out clearly defines them as advisory functions. Time after time, however, the re-! port uses language which leaves the! impression the budget investigators have in mind clothing the Planning Commission with a great deal more power in dealing both with the Commissioners and Federal depart ments. For example, the report closes with the suggestion that if the Planning Commission is “to dis charge its obligation effectively, much more is required than sitting as a reviewing agency for the con sideration of projects which are presented by developmental agen cies.” Only the draft of the bill will show how much more than review ing power is to be recommended. The specific recommendations are: 1. The Planning Commission would take the place of the Zoning Advisory Council, created by Con gress in 1938, to make preliminary studies of proposed amendments to the city zoning plan. (The Plan ning Commission’s director of plan ning is already on the council, along with an Assistant Engineer Com missioner and the executive officer of the Zoning Commission.) 2. The planning agency would “advise” the Public Utilities Com mission on “matters which are of general interest in connection with the planning and development of the transportation system of the District.” 3. The planning agency would “re view” all changes in regulations governing the sub-dividing of local property and "advise" the Commis sioners on the “relation of pro posed changes to the general plan.” Major Thoroughfare Plan. 4. The major thoroughfare plan developed by the Planning Commis ; sion will be proposed for adoption | as a whole by the District Commis | sioners. 5 The planing agency will pre pare an advisory program of cap ital improvements, based on the advance programs of Federal and District agencies in the Capital area, to aid budget and appropriating authorities by relating individual projects to the total requirements. 6. In addition to its present statu tory responsibility for approving the location of Federal buildings (except the Capitol group, the planning commission seeks similar authority over municipal buildings “in the central area,” except when Con gress stipulates a location. New Subdivisions. In connection with No. 3—the lay-out of new subdivisions, the budget report states that efforts to arrange for the presentation of proposed subdivisions to the plan ning agency “have not succeeded, although for a time plats were sub mitted on the basis of an informal agreement.” Subdivisions are regu (See PLANNING, Page A-16.) Hill Easy Vidor, Pepper Leads by Wide Margin Gurney Renominated; Byrd Supporters Making Florida Bid By the Associated Brest. Administration forces beat back their Democratic critics in Florida and Alabama senatorial primaries while Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York gathered in more convention support today for the Republican presidential nomination. Senator Hill, Democratic whip, was renominated in Alabama and Senator Pepper ran up a substantial lead in his five-way contest for renomination in Florida. Both men are administration stalwarts and both were opposed by vigorous critics of many of President Roosevelt's policies. In their part of the country nomination is as good as election. Support of the President figured as a side issue in another senatorial primary, in South Dakota, where Republican Senator Gurney won re nominatioh despite opposition claims that he had “adopted much of the New Deal philosophy.” 11 More Votes for Dewey. It was in South Dakota that Gov. Dewey picked up 11 additional con vention votes. A slate favoring the New Yorker defeated one supporting Lt. Comdr. Harold E. Stassen by a margin of about 3 to 2. This brings the Dewey total of " - ~ ' Senator's Constituent Finds Way to Wire Her Congratulations When a Washington con stituent of Senator Hill of Alabama attempted today to send him a telegram of con gratulation on his victory in yesterday’s primary, the Western Union, acting un der wartime restrictions, was obliged to refuse to trans mit the message. The constituent, however, is a woman with a talent for having her own way. She wired Senator Hill: “Read the first and eighth verses of the 98th Psalm.” When the Senator consults his Bible he will find: “Oh, sing unto the Lord a new song, for He hath done marvelous things; His right hand and His holy arm hath gotten him a victory.” Also, “Let the floods clap their hands; let the hills be joyful together.” pledged or claimed delegates to 239, with 530 needed to nominate at the Chicago convention. The line-up in the Senate primary races: Alabama—Senator Hill defeated James A. Simpson, Birmingham at torney, for renomination by 110,608 to 85.298, with 1,993 of the State’s 2,310 boxes, or precincts, unreported. Senator Hill called his victory a “verdict of the people of Alabama sustaining and upholding the poli cies and the principles of our great Commander in Chief Franklin Delano Roosevelt.” Florida—Senator Pepper was mak ing a strong fight to sidestep a run off on May 23 which would be neces sitated if he failed to win more than 50 per cent of the votes in the preferential primary. Senator Pep per had four opponents. With 1.035 precincts counted out of 1.496, the incumbent had 134.246, while the combined total of his opponents was 124.954. South Dakota—Senator Gurney was renominated over Lt. Gov. A. C. Miller by a vote of about four to three. Senator Gurney polled 32.041 to Mr. Miller’s 23.488. with all but 655 of the State’s 1,963 precincts accounted for. In South Dakota’s Democratic primary all delegate candidates are fourth term supporters. With their eight votes, there are now 371 pledged or claimed for Mr. Roose velt. It requires 589 to nominate. Alabama—Democrats chose 24 un pledged delegates. Arkansas—Selection of the State i Republican delegation of 12 was ! completed, but the convention turned j down a proposal to instruct them for Gov. Dewey. Two. previously elected ; by district conventions, are pledged i to Gov. Dewey. Florida—A group of Byrd-for ; President supporters was making a bid to carry the State's banner to | the Democratic National Conven tion. The State has 18 convention votes and a full ticket for the Vir ginia Sneator was in the field of 49, | although without Senator Byrd s encouragement. Incomplete re | turns showed that 12 pledged to represent President Roosevelt and 6 pledged to Senator Byrd were leading. A long Florida ballot delayed re ports on all of the State's contests. Indiana—The State's 11 Congress members—nine Republicans and two Democrats—appeared assured of re I nomination as incomplete primary (See PRIMARIES,'Page~A^47) Slight Nazi Penetrations At Garigliano Wiped Out B> the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Na ples, May 3.—A German attack yes terday in the Garigliano sector, on the west flank of the Allied line across Italy, succeeded in making slight penetrations, but these were quickly wiped out, it was announced today. Brisk patrol clashes were reported on the Anzio beachhead, one south east of Carroceto and another southwest of Cisterna. Allied forces who raided enemy held Cerreto Alto, on the extreme right flank of the beachhead peri meter, returned with the informa tion that a village on the nearby coast apparently had been evacu ated by the enemy.