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Fair and continued warm today, to night and tomorrow. Temperatures today—Highest, 81. at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 62, at 7 am. Yester day—Highest. 83, at 5:20 p.m.; lowest, 55, at 6:50 am. I! Late New York Markets, Page A-23. I Guide Tor Renders I Pag*. After D*rk.,..A-l« Amusem'ts A-1S-19 Comics _B-14-15 Editorials .A-12 Edltol Articles A-13 Plnance.A-23 Lost Hid found, A-l Obituary.A-14 Radio.B-15 Society ..B-3 Sports .A-20-21 Woman's Page—B-S An Associated Pres* Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,527. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MAY 4, 1944 —FORTY PAGES. SVSSSS. THKEE CENTS. SZST' France,Romania Raided by Allies In 2-Way Attack Reims Among Targets; 49 RAF Planes Lost; Bucharest Hit Again By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 4.—Great Al lied air fleets turned their at tention to Germany’s anti-inva sion supply system last night as possibly 750 RAF bombers hammered the big military depot of Mailly, southeast of Reims, and medium and heavy bombers from Italian bases attacked tar gets in Bucharest. Sending the shattering prein vasion aerial offensive into its 20th day. Marauder medium bombers and Havoc light bombers of the United States 9th Air Force attacked tar gets in Northern France this morn ing. Ninth Air Force Thunderbolts and Spitfires of the RAF 2d Tacti cal Air Force gave them escort. Later in the day American Flying Fortresses bombed a German airfield in Holland. A preliminary announce ment indicated this force numbered less than 250 planes. The Fortresses returned without loss, but three accompanying fighters were missing. Not a single Marauder or Havoc was lost in the earlier raids. 6,000 Tons of Bombs Dropped. Nevertheless, the combined assault by this streamlined force and the lighter bombers brought to around 6.000 tons the weight of bombs loosed on the continent by about 1,750 bombers last night and today. The blows last night came after a concentrated Allied drubbing of Germany’s rail network along the Atlantic coast. The RAF heavy bombers which flew from British bases in bright moonlight met fierce opposition, the Air Ministry announced, and 49 planes failed to return from the op erations, which included an attack on the often-battered Western Ger man Chemical center of Ludwig shafen. In addition to Mailly, other French targets hit by the British bombers were aircraft stores and equipment at Montdidier, 23 miles southeast of Amiens, and an ammunition dump at Chateaudun, about 30 miles northwest of Orleans. The Air Ministry said “several enemy air craft” were destroyed by gunners on the bombers. The 49 bombers lost last night constituted the largest RAF loss since the record of 96 on the March 30 raid on Nurnberg. In hitting targets in the Ro-1 manian capital of Buchrest last j night the Allied heavy and medium bombers made a shift from a series of repeated hammerings during the last week against German com munications in Northern Italy. Bridges in Italy Hit. The air offensive in Italy was kept going yesterday, however, by medium bombers which hit bridges at a number of points beyond Rome and a rail yard at Ventimiglia on the northwestern coast near the French border. Light bombers blasted supply dumps north of the Italian battle area and fighter-bombers hit rail and supply installations in Central Italy and shipping near the Dal matian coast. Operations from Ital ian bases cost the Allies three planes, a communique said, while two enemy aircraft were destroyed. A total of 1,250 sorties were flowen. Liberators, Wellingtons and Hali faxes of the Mediterranean Allied Air Force smashed at Bucharest targets. The city was hit for the first time on April 4 and several times since, but never before at night. The Romanian capital was one of the targets on April 15 when the Mediterranean Allied Air Force launched the mighty offensive which since has continued unabated, either from Britain or Italy or both. 750 Planes in Raid. While there were no official figures on the number of British-' based RAF planes involved in last night’s attacks or the bomb tonnage dropped, the communique’s an nouncement that the operations were conducted “in great strength” usually means that a total of about 750 planes took part. Since the targets were a com paratively short distance from the bombers’ home fields, it is possible that the British planes dropped loads totaling something in the neighborhood of 3,000 tons. The main body of the RAF attack fleet was concentrated on the Ma illy depot, w-here the Nazis obviously are piling up stores for use in combating the coming Allied invasion from the west. 9 Hospitals in D. C. Area Made Penicillin Depots Eight Washington hospitals and one in Alexandria are among more than 1,000 hospitals in the United States which w’iil serve as depots for the limited civilian distribution of penicillin, the War Production Board announced today. Hospitals on the list include Emer gency. Doctors. Gallinger, Garfield Georgetown, George Washington, Providence and Sibley in Washing ton and the Alexandria General Hospital. Distribution of the new drug will be handled through an Office of Civilian Penicillin Distribution which has been established in Chicago, the agency said. Depot hospitals will be expected to recognize the request of other hospitals and, when their need ha? been established, to furnish pencillin for their purchase, “to the best oi the depot hospitals’ ability, :n con sideration of the supply on hand.” The hospitals have been selected by an advisory panel that included representatives of the WPB, the United States Public Health Service and the American Medical Associa tion. I Allies Plan Postwar Sanctions Against Companies Aiding Axis Policy Formulated as Warning to Firms in Neutral Nations to Withhold Help to Nazis By the Associated Press. The American and British governments cracked down to day on 15,000 businessmen and firms blacklisted because of their alleged assistance to the war machines of Germany and Japan. A State Department official an nounced that economic warfare sanctions imposed on those concerns would have to be continued indefi nitely into the postwar period, at least until the transition from war to peacetime conditions is well ad vanced. This will give an initial competi tive advantage to firms which have played ball with the Allies and in many instances, especially in the European area, suffered for it through Axis economic discrimina tion. The policy has been formulated and made public at this time, it was learned, with the deliberate purpose of putting more than 5,000 border line firms in European neutral countries on warning not to yield to increasing pressure to trade with Germany, lest they suffer the same fate. This is the first time in the cur rent campaign to strangle Germany in an economic blockade that Brit ain and the United States have gone beyqnd the neutral governments to strike directly at individuals and organizations contributing commer cially to the enemy war effort. The policy was disclosed by Fran cis H. Russell, chief of the Division of World Trade Intelligence of the State Department, in a speech to the American Drug Manufacturers’ Association today at Hot Springs, Va. An authoritative explanation of his statement in Washington de veloped its full significane in rela tion to the preinvasion economic warfare drive on Germany. “It has apparently been assumed by some of the firms that have co operated with the Axis,” Mr. Russell said, “that the proclaimed list (United States blacklist) and the British statutory list and the sanc tions which are based upon them will terminate with the cessation of hostilities in Europe and that listed firms and individuals will then be restored to normal trade facilities. “There is no basis for such an as sumption. “It need not be stated that this Government does not consider the porclaimed list as an appropriate part of the type of normal peace (See BLACK LIST, Page A-4.) Nazi Parachute Troop Expert Sent From Italy to France Berlin Reports Shift Of Air-Borne Forces To 'Danger Zones' Ey the Associated Press. LONDON, May 4.—Adolf Hitler has shifted his parachute troop expert, Lt. Gen. Kurt Student, from Italy to France and also has moved battle-hardened par achute and air-borne troops from Italy to the “Atlantic wall,” the German radio said today. Declaring Nazi air-borne forces have been stationed in special “dan ger zones,” the broadcast said Gen. Student has just completed an in spection of the Atlantic bastions and that troops in those positions are awaiting the expected Allied attack. The broadcast predicted the Allies will try to land “troops behind the well-fortified bastions” and added the invasion forces will be met by Germans “tested to the last in the bloody fighting on the South Italian front.” Embarkations Reported. The London press yesterday quoted the Stockholm newspaper Afton bladet as saying German reconnais sance pilots had observed “Allied invasion troops embarking in inva sion vessels at British ports ready to sail on several occasions, but the troops later landed again.” The Berlin correspondent of the Swedish newspaper added that “the embarkations were not intended to test the speed with which they could be carried out, but to increase the invasion fever on the continent and as a feint to lure the Germans into taking premature counter measures.” In connection with these enemy and neutral invasion rumors it was recalled that Prime Minister Churchill on March 26 said that “in order to deceive and baffle the en emy as well as to exercise the forces there will be many false alarms, many feints and many dress re hearsals.” Expected to Drop Parachutists. Jean Paquis, commentator of the German-controlled Paris radio, said yesterday: “The Allies are bombing railways to isolate the Atlantic Wall. They will then drop large armies of parachutists in the rear and feed them with reinforcements, hoping to draw and engage large numbers of Germans. At the same time, they count on those French who will be waging civil war. The hour of decision is drawing near. Great concentrations of shipping are an chored off the southern coast of England.” Blackout Ends Tonight In Hawaiian Islands By the Associated Press. HONOLULU, May 4 —The night ly blackout of the Hawaiian Islands, sin effect since the Japanese attack | on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941. jhas been lifted, effective tonight, by order of Lt. Gen. Robert C. Rich ardson, jr., military governor. “For reasons of security,” Gen Richardson said the regular 10 p.m. curfew, at which time all persons are required to leave the streets, would be continued. Allied Troops Repulse Series of Jap Attacks In Kohima Sector Enemy Thrusts Also Are Beaten Back in Northern Burma JAP TROOPS IN INDIA told their offensive may end war. Page A-5 By the Associated Press. SOUTHEAST ASIA HEAD QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, May 4.—Allied troops have repelled a series of Japanese raids in the vicinity of the Indian frontier base of Kohima and have suc cessfully beaten off two enemy counterattacks in Northern Burma, Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten’s headquarters an nounced today. Meanwhile, on the southern end of the Burmese front, a communique said the Allies now are in firm pos session of high ground overlooking the Maungdaw-Buthedaung road, for which the Japanese have been battling with great determination. “Near Buthedaung the Japanese, who had penetrated one of our posi tions, were driven out in a counter attack supported by tanks," the bulletin said. Imphal Situation Unchanged. No change was reported in the situation around the Indian base of Imphal, 60 miles south of Kohima, on which the Japanese invaders have been maintaining pressure. The communique said RAF me dium bombers destroyed a "U-boat” with depth charges which they had sighted last Tuesday in the Indian Ocean southwest of Socotra. This British island is some 200 miles off the coast of Italian Somaliland. It forms part of the Aden protectorate and formerly was a British coaling station. (The communique did not specify the nationality of the submarine, but the description of it as a “U-boat” suggested the undersea craft may have been German.) Widespread Air Activity. Widespread Allied air activity was reported along the entire India Burma theater during the last two days, with no Allied planes missing from the operations. In North Burma Chinese forces under Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stillwell successfully repulsed a Japanese counterattack at Manpin, 32 miles northwest of Mogaung and east of the Mogaung River, the war bulle tin said, adding that severe casual ties were inflicted on the enemy, A surprise Japanese attack at Warinkaung, south of Tiangzup, also was driven off, the communique said. Nazis Report Big Attacks On Convoy Off Norway By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 4.—The Berlin radio today said German subma rines had sunk five merchant ships totaling 30,000 tons and eight de stroyers and escort vessels in at tacks on a convoy bound from Rus sia to England. The broadcast, recorded by the Associated Press, said the action took place off Bear Island, which is situated about midway between Spitsbergen and the northernmost tip of Norway. Population and Circulation Washington Metropolitan Area population has grown faster since 1940 than in any other major trading area in the Nation, according to Census Bureau latest estimates. The civilian population in this area w^s estimated at 1,228,856 on November 1, 1943, compared with 957,754 on April 1. 1940, an increase of 28.3 per cent. These figures do not include noncivilians or transients numbering tens of thousands. The Star’s Growth in Circulation <Average net paid circulation! Evening, Sunday. For the month of March. 1944_ 196,130 199,322 6 months ending March 31, 1944 _ 190,699 194 118 6 months ending March 31, 1942_ 174,172 174.267 6 months ending March 31, 1940_ 150,932 159,162 6 months ending March 31, 1938_ 137,757 147,922 6 months ending March 31, 1936_ 129,268 136,860 6 months ending March 31, 1934 ... 115,202 124,400 Increase during past ten years.. 75,497 69,718 4 65.5% 4-56.0% 97V2 per cent of The Star's circulation is within the Retail Trading Area. f Rations of Beef And Dairy Foods MayBe Boosted Bowles Warns Poor Crops Might Force New Curbs This Fall By MALCOLM LAMBORNE, Jr. Consumers soon may expect a further easing of rationed foods, possibly including a cut in point values of beef steaks and roasts —the only meats now rationed— and dairy products, it was pre dicted today in the wake of yesterday’s surprise announce ment making 85 per cent of all meats ration-free. Should the drop in points bring about an increased marketing of livestock, officials declared, even larger supplies of meat, including choice beef cuts, would be available for civilians. On top of this milk production is now at its peak and may force a loosening of limitations on dairy products. Housewives were warned, how ever, that their red ration points, after Sunday, must last twice as long as heretofore. Thirty red points will be valid for four-week periods instead of the current two week periods. Behind the Office of Price Admin istration decision making all meats except steaks and beef roasts point free for an indefinite period are a sharp drop in lease-lend and mili tary buying of foods, a lack of storage space to hold reserve food stocks and concern over future sup plies of feed to keep record numbers of livestock going. Formal Statement Expected. Meanwhile, the War Food Ad ministration was reported preparing a formal statement on the Nation’s food situation, both currently and in the coming months. WFA officials are anxious to impress on the public that the current “feast" is only tem porary and that it should not assume that our food problems are over. Price Administrator Chester Bowles in making yesterday’s announce ment, warned that if we have a Meatless Days End For Capital Hotels; In Effect Two Years Meatless days — Sunday and Wednesday—have ended for hotels In the District. The meat conservation meas ure was abandoned as soon as the hotels learned that OPA was taking everything but beef steaks and roasts off the point system, Arthur J. Harnett, sec retary of the Washington Hotel Association, said today. The practice of serving meat substitutes began in almost all hotels here in April, 1942, when eating establishments found their use of meat reduced any where from 45 to 65 per cent of their consumption during De cember, 1942. ■ 1 I “tight" growing season, it will be necessary to tighten up rationing again in the fall. The latest OPA action gives civil ians their third major food bonus in recent weeks. Frozen fruits and vegetables, some varieties of canned vegetables and food fats such as lard, vegetable shortening and oils now are point-free. While members of Congress gener ally hailed yesterday's announce ment a cry of “politics" was voiced by some members. Senator Bush field, Republican, of South Dakota commented that “this was to be ex pected with an election coming on.” He added that there had never been any reason for rationing meat and that there was no need even today. “Gratifying,” Says Brewster.* Calling the step “a very gratify ing indication or progress," Senator Brewster, Republican, of Maine added: “Whether it is motivated by economics or politics, it is altogether to the good.” Senator O'Mahoney, Democrat, of Wyoming said he would have pre ferred to see the points taken off all meats, declaring the fancy cuts still rationed represent 39 per cent of the total meat supply. “The cattle population,” Senator O'Mahoney said, “has overrun facil ities for storage so, in justice to the | cattlemen, the fullest possible dis tribution should be permitted. The • See MEAT, Page A-4.) Stimson Cites Damage Suffered by Nazis i B.v the Associate,’ Press. The continuing air assault on the European continent is piling up a cumulative destruction of German transportation facilities beyond the Nazis’ ability to make repairs, Sec retary of War Stimson reported today. It also has cut so heavily into German fighter strength and pro duction that most large bomber for mations dispatched against the continent in the round-the-clock air offensive have encountered no aerial resistance. Mr. Stimson said the Nazis were sending up their pursuit ships mainly against American bomber forces of group size or against crip pled and straggling aircraft, rely ing chiefly on antiaircraft batteries for defense against large forma tions. In April Army Air Forces dropped a record bomb load of 43,500 tons on Germany and German-held targets, Mr. Stimson reported. The total represented both Britain-based and Mediterranean bomber forces. As an instance of the damage shown by reconnaissance photo graphs, the Secretary cited the mar shaling yards at Chalons-Sur Marne, where virtually every track in the yards was cut. the through line cut In three places, rolling 6tock damaged and repair ahope wrecked. A Montgomery Ward Official Seized by FBI For Removing Poster Freed on Bond on Charge Of 'Stealing oc Injuring' Government Property COCHRAN WILL OPPOSE House inquiry into Ward seizure. Pg. A-4 By the Associated Press. CHICAGO. May 4.—Paul D. Sowell, assistant operating man ager of Montgomery Ward & Co., was seized by Federal Bu reau of Investigation agents at the Government-controlled mail order plant today and charged with “stealing or injuring” Gov ernment property. William J. Connor, First Assistant United States Attorney, said Sowell was seized as he was “taking down” a Government jjoster. Mr. Connor said the poster informed employes that any discharges since April 26, the day the Government took con trol of the plant, were invalid and the cases would be heard by John D. Goodloe, Government - named grievance officer dealing with the CIO United Mail Order, Warehouse and Retail Employes. The poster also said there would be no further dismissals without hearings before Mr. Goodloe. Sowell was arraigned immediately before United States Commissioner Edwin K. Walker and released on $250 bond pending a hearing May 11. He pleaded innocent. Attorney Protests. The complaint prepared by Mr. Connor accused Sowell of “taking, purloining, stealing or injuring prop erty of the United States Govern ment.” Sowell’s attorney, James C. Lea ton, demanded of Mr. Walker that Sowell be freed, contending the Government had used "high-handed procedure” in hustling Sowell to the United States attorney’s office. Mr. Leaton also said he was not per mitted to see Sowell immediately and that Sowell “was fingerprinted in the United States marshal’s office before service of any warrant.” No testimony was offered before Commissioner Walker. Outside the hearing room, Sowell told reporters that when he saw the poster this morning he noticed it had to do with relations between employes and management and that “rather than stand in the hall read ing it, I was removing the thumb tacks in order to take the poster into my office and read it in its entirety, and abide by it, of course.” "After all, I have quite a few em (See MONTGOMERY WARD, A-2.) American War Casualties Increase 5,005 in Week By the Associated Press. The armed forces have suffered a total of 197,841 casualties since the outbreak of the war. on the basis of latest reports by the Army and Navy. This is an increase of 5,005 over the total announced a week ago. Secretary of War SLimson said to day that as of April 21, Army cas ualties totaled 153,302. This was an increase of 4,877 since the figures announced a week ago. The latest total Navy casualty figure is 44,539, an increase of 128 for the week. The Army casualties now are: 26, 575 killed, an increase of 993; 62,312 wounded, an increase of 2,146: 33, 814 missing, an increase of 1,087; 30,601 prisoners of war, an increase of 651. The Navy casualties: 18,992 killed, an increase of 77; 11,899 wounded, an increase of 35; 9,192 missing; a decrease of 4 (apparently accounted for in prisoner or other list or re turned to duty); 4,456 prisoners, an increase of 20. Late Bulletin Contracts Bill Passes The Senate passed and sent to the House today a bill de signed to assure prompt pay ment to war contractors of their claims against the Gov ernment when their contracts are terminated. Action was on a voice vote. A plea by Senator Kilgore. Democrat, of West Virginia for an overall measure was rejected. Lowell Bennett Is Prisoner of War Again By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, May 4.—Lowell Ben nett, International News Service war correspondent who escaped from a German prison camp where he was confined after bailing out of a British bomber during a Royal Air Force raid on Berlin last De cember, is a prisoner of war again, the news service reported today. In a letter written to the London bureau of INS on the usual prisoner of war letter form, the 24-year-old war correspondent said he was “in the clink again.” Mr. Bennett, whose wife lives in South Orange, N. J., revealed his escape from the first camp in a dispatch which was smuggled out and told of hiding “somewhere in side Nazi Europe.” His latest letter did not disclose how he was re captured. Merchant Ship Rams Destroyer at Norfolk; 3 Killed, 3 Missing Hole Torn in Warship's Side; 15 or 20 Sailors Thrown Into Water By the Associated Press. NORFOLK, Va., May 4.—The Navy announced today that three enlisted men were killed and three others are missing after the collision of the de stroyer U. S. S. Parrott and the merchant ship John Morton in Hampton roads, near the naval operating base, Tuesday after noon. A large hole was torn in the de troyer’s starboard side and several hours after the collision, before she was towed to the Norfolk Navy Yard in Portsmouth for repairs, she was observed listing badly to port in her berth at the naval base. A civilian who witnessed the col lision from a Norfolk-Newport News ferry told a reporter the destroyer was backing out of her berth and was about 75 yards into the stream when the freighter’s bow rammed her amidship. 13 or tv inrown uverooara. “About 15 or 20 sailors were thrown overboard fr6m the destroy er’s deck,’’ the eyewitness related, “and one man was thrown into the water from the freighter.” The sailors were hauled back aboard the destroyer by their ship mates. Three of the sailors hurled over board rescued the merchant seaman and carried him up a rope ladder to the freighters deck, the civilian reported. Freighter Not Damaged. “A big cloud of steam poured out of the destroyer when the ships collided.'’ he said, adding that three tugs in the vicinity sped to the destroyer and pushed her back into her berth at the naval base piers. The freighter appeared to be undamaged, he said. The dead are: Marion Thomas Brady, fireman, of Greer, S. C.; A. E. Garner, water tender, of San Pedro, Calif., and John D. Goeller, fireman, of Lands down, Md. The missing are: Herbert M. Weaver, watertender, of Escalon, Calif.; Irvin Alfred Blenden, water tender, of Cedarville, Kans., and Donald Leroy Weese, fireman, of Reading, Mich. Strike of Foremen In 11 Plants Slows Detroit War Output Ford Canadian Factory Remains Closed for 12th Day in Two Weeks By the Associated Press. DETROIT, May 4.—A rapidly spreading foremen’s strike took its toll on war production at 11 plants here today as the huge Ford Motor Co. Windsor plant across the Detroit River re mained closed for the 12th day in two weeks. Other strikes in the area persisted despite lack of support from high union officials. The latest walkout was at the Packard Motor Co., where between 200 and 300 foremen left their jobs last night. Spokesmen for the group predicted all 850 Packard foremen would be affected, which would bring to about 2,750 the number of supervisory employes idle in an at tempt to gain recognition for the Foreman’s Association of America, an unaffiliated union. The figure includes an estimated 1.000 foremen at six plants of the Briggs Manufacturing Co., 600 at three Hudson Motor Car Co. plants and 300 at the Murray Corp. of America. Walkout Follows WLB Order. The walkout at Packard occurred only a few hours after the National War Labor Board called on the Foreman's Association for imme diate compliance with its order of May 1 directing strikers at the other three companies to return to work. The board told the union it could expect a decision by the National Labor Relations Board “very short ly” on its demand for recognition, but warned that no action would be taken “under pressure of strike.” Indication that the Ford strike might spread to other Canadian war plants was seen in a statement by Alex Parent, president of Local 195, United Automobile Workers (CIO), which represents 10,000 workers in 35 Windsor plants, including Chrys ler Corp. of Canada. Asserting that 300 stewards of the local had pledged moral and finan cial support to the Ford workers, Mr. Parent said members would meet tomorrow night to consider support ing action. The Ford strike, renewed after work had been resumed for two days following a previous 10-day stop page, extended to about 1,000 clerical workers and 2,000 employes in feeder plants yesterday, forcing a total of 17.000 workers into idleness. Picket lines were so tight that not even Wallace R. Campbell, the company president, was able to get through the gates. Conciliator Goes to Windsor. Bernard Rose, veteran conciliator of the Dominion labor department, and F. J. Ainsborough were dis patched to Windsor from Ottawa to aid in the settlement of the dispute, attributed by UAW-CIO spokesmen to dissatisfaction over grievance procedure. Union representatives said they would welcome the presence of Jus tice G. B. O’Connor, chairman of the National Wartime Labor Rela tions Board, in Windsor. The International Executive Board of the UAW-CIO, meeting in Min neapolis, declined to support the Ford strike and urged the nearly 5,000 strikers at Republic Aircraft, De Soto and Kelsey-Hayes Wheel plants to return to their jobs. 20 Million Will Have to Change Work After War, Hines Says By the Associated Press. Brig. Gen. Frank T. Hines pre I dieted today in a statement read before a Senate committee that "probably 20,000,000 people will have to change their work at the end of hostilities.” Gen. Hines, long chief of the Vet erans' Administration and newly chosen director of the Retraining and Re-employment Administration set up following the Baruch-Han cock report on reconversion prob lems, said that "the potentialities for economic and social catastrophe iafter this war) are greater than they were after the World War.” His statement was submitted to a Senate Military Affairs Subcommit tee. Gen. Hines said the problem of caring for ex-servicemen and re leased war workers is one of the greatest magnitude. Many of those; who will have to change work, Gen. Hines said, likewise will have to change their locations and “in order to make the shift over from war to peace activities many of them will need retraining, interim unemployment compensation and finally location in peacetime jobs.” "Overall guidance becomes abso lutely necessary,” he said, to prevent a recurrence of the post-World War situation in which veterans returned from camps and war fronts “to cool their heels in employment offices and to walk the streets looking for Jobs that did not exist.” Court Blocks Laughlin Move To Call Byrnes Testimony Would Be Irrelevant, Justice Bailey Rules By CARTER BROOKE JONES. Whether War Mobilization Di rector Byrnes praised the Hitler regime during a trip to Germany during the Olympic games and once gave the Nazi salute has no bearing on the contempt pro ceedings against James J. Laugh lin, a defense attorney in the mass sedition case. Justice Jen nings Bailey held in District Court today. Mr. Laughlin, contending that the motions he filed during the sedition trial and interviews he gave news papers were made in good faith and did not constitute contempt, had asked to summon Mr. Byrnes as a witness. The attorney said he would seek to prove that Mr. Byrnes had done things in Germany, years be fore .the war, which some of the sedition defendants were accused of doing before Peari Harbor. Mr. Laughlin argued that the de fendants, assuming they were guilty of acts charged to them, had done no more than Mr. Byrnes and other prominent Americans had done. “What has the testimony of Mr. Byrnes to do with this Issue?” Jus tice Bailey asked. Testimony Excluded. “I think it will show the Govern ment’s bad faith In this prosecu tion,” Mr. Laughlin said. “It is irrelevant what the Gov ernment’s motive was,” Justice Bailey replied. He excluded the proffered testi mony of Mr. Byrnes and of Justice Mathew MCGulre of District Court and Attorney General Biddle, which Mr. Laughlin had indicated were along the same line. Mr. Laughlin also offered to prove that the Dies Committee on un American Activities was alive months before Pearl Harbor, to the imminent danger of a Japanese at tack, but that Mr. Biddle and other Federal officials complacently ig nored these threats. Unless Justice Bailey amends his Interpretation, this testimony also will be ruled out. No Decision on Eicher. Whether Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher, presiding over the sedition trial, will be called as a witness for Mr. Laughlin was not decided. Mr. Laughlin is charged, along with other alleged acta of contempt, with attacking the character and integ rity of the chief Justice in a series of motions seeking his disqualifica tion from the sedition trial. Only perfunctory testimony, of fered by the Government to estab lish partly disputed facts in the contempt petition, was offered at the morning session, most of which was taken up with arguments over Mr. Laughlin’s proffered testimony. Mr. Laughlin read from the Gov ernment’s bill of particulars in the sedition case to show that Hitler was referred to as a fellow con spirator in the alleged plot to incite the American armed forces to mu tiny and that the Nasi regime thus became an issue in the case. Justice Bailey said at the outset of the hearing that Mr. Byrnes had called him and offered to come whenever he was needed—no formal subpoena would be necessary. Justice Bailey said Justice Eicher and Justice McGuire were attending a judicial conference and could readily be reached if they were needed. rearson seated in Court. The fourth of the prospective de fense witnesses for whom the mar shal’s office issued subpoenas this morning. Drew Pearson, newspaper and radio commentator, was seated in court beside other members of the press. Justice Bailey quickly denied a motion to disqualify himself from hearing the contempt case. He held that Mr. Laughlin had waived his right to file an affidavit of prejudice by failing to offer it when the con tempt case first came up Tuesday. Mr. Laughlin said the affidavit, in which he said he felt that the judge was biased against him, was present ed to the clerk of the Criminal Court late Tuesday, and through an inad vertence was carried away, bearing the clerk’s stamp. Joseph W. Burns, special prosecu tor in the sedition case, began of fering proof of assertions made in motions and newspaper interviews by Mr. Laughlin, which, the Govem (See SEDITION, Page A-3.) Capt. Gentile Leaves Britain for U. S. Visit By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 4.—Capt. Don S. Gentile, top American ace in the European theater, and his flying mate, Lt. John T. Godfrey, have left their base in Britain en route home on leave, it was learned today. Tor security reasons, their travel sched ule was not disclosed. Both will have a month’s furlough. Capt. Gentile, a native of Piqua, Ohio, leads American flyers in this theater with 23 enemy planes downed in combat and seven others destroyed on the ground. Lt. God frey, who is from Woonsocket, R. I., is credited with 17 shot down, and 6 on the ground. PIQUA, Ohio, May 4 (^>).—News that Piqua's favorite citizen, Capt, Don S. Gentile, was on his way home from Britain today touched off plans for a big celebration in his honor. Don Gentile Day will be celebrated after the American ace returns here, the city commission said. Gov. John W. Bricker, the State's Senators and Representatives, other high officials and Capt. Eddie Rick enbacker, the top ace of the World War and a native of Columbus, Ohio, have been invited to par ticipate in the celebration. Troops and planes will be sent here by the Army for a parade.