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Cloudy and continued warm tonight. Tomorrow showers and cooler. Temperatures today—Highest, 81. at T.30 p.m.; lowest. 63, at 6:30 a m. Yes terday—Highest, 86, at 6 p.m. (record); lowest, 62, at 7:10 a m. Lote New York Morkets, Page A-13. Guide for Readers ! Page. Amusements ..B-24 Comics.B-22-23 Editorials .A-6 Editor! Articles, A-7 Finance ..A-13 L06t and Found, A-3 Page. Obituary.A-ft Radio.B-23 Society .B-3 Sports.A-10-11 Where to Go_B-5 Woman's Page, B-16 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. Xo. 36,528. _WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, MAY 5, 1944—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. *** SSffiSi THREE CENTS. ESS1” Admiral Koga, Chief of Jap Fleet, Killed in Plane, Tokyo Discloses; Allies Raid Budapest Rail Yards His Predecessor, Yamamoto, Met Similar Death By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, May 5.—The Tokyo radio announced today that Admiral Mineichi Koga, commander of the Japanese combined fleet, had been killed on active duty, less than a year after his predecessor, Admiral Isorotu Yamamoto, had met a similar death. A broadcast recorded by United States Government monitors quoted an Imperial Headquarters communi que as saying Admiral Koga had ‘ died at his post in March of this year while directing general opera tions from an airplane at the front.” The wording of the communique bore a striking similarity to a Tokyo communique of May 21, 1943, an nouncing Admiral Yamamoto’s death in a warplane the previous April “while directing general strategy on the front line.’* Two Generals Dead. A later Japanese broadcast today said Maj. Gen. Kumao Oohashi and Maj. Gen. Yoshitada Shimokawa had died in April of illness con . tracted “while on active duty” and Admiral koga. —A. P. Photo. had been posthumously promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. Gen. Oohashi, whom the broad cast described as “chief of staff of a front line army corps” and as “head of an army unit in China” was said to have died on April 14, while Gen. Shimokawa, “commander of a unit on the front, died on April 19. The broadcast also reported that Gen. Chunkichi Ochiai had been appointed commander of the Asa hikawa Division. Admiral Koga, who was 59, had generally been regarded as a sound but not brilliant naval officer noted for tenacity rather than for his initiative. He lacked the reputation of Admiral Yamamoto, who was known as the man who torpedoed the London Naval Conference in 1934, planned the attack on Pearl Harbor and once boasted he would dictate peace terms in the White House. Commanded Naval Station. Before reaching head of the com bined fleet Admiral Koga had served as commander of the Yokosuka naval station and before that as commander of the Japanese fleet in Chinese waters. He also had been vice chief of the naval staff from 1934-1937 and was naval at tache at the Japanese Embassy in Paris in 1926. He already has been succeeded as (See KOGaTPage A-8j Snow Falls in Four Slates in Midwest Cold Wave Is Expected To End Tomorrow By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, May 5.—A cold wave, accompanied by frosts and snow in some areas, descended on the Middle West today. The Weather Bureau said it was expected to continue with freezing temperatures tonight, but predicted slowly rising temperatures tomor row. Snow fell over Northwest Illinois Central and Eastern Iowa, Minne sota and Central and Northern Wis consin following biting frosts. With field and garden work be hind schedule because of cool, wet spring weather, damage was ex pected to be slight over most of the area, principally from frost nipping blooming fruit trees. Nebraska, the Dakotas, Minne sota, Wisconsin and the northern half of Kansas, Iowa and Illinois were principally affected. Charles City, Iowa, had an inch and a half of snow, and at Chero kee and Inwood, Iowa, temperatures dropped to 24. All are located in the northern half of the State. At Chadron and Alliance, Nebr. temperatures fell to 18 and 19 de grees, respectively, and fruit grow ers in the southeastern part of the State feared damage to strawberry and fruit tree crops. Mobridge, S. Dak., also reported a low of 18. The cold wave stretched as far south as Springfield, 111., where a temperature of 32 degrees was re ported, and Chicago experienced its coldest May 5 in history with a re cording of 34. The coldest previous May 5 was 36 in 1891. The cold wave in the Middle West brought relief from the heat to Washington after a temperature of 86 yesterday, the highest of the season. Navy Discloses Plan to Expand Production of Rocket Weapons $35,000,000 Provided to Help Meet 'Great Demand' for Secret Guns By the Associated Press. The armed forces have de veloped a new rocket gun which is in such “great demand” that $35,000,000 is to be spent on further refinements and pro duction. This was disclosed today in a House Naval Affairs Committee re port recommending a $65,000,000 ap propriation for ordnance manufac ture. Included wasta statement from the Navy revealing the proposed expansion of work on rocket-pro pelled weapons. No clues were given as to the na ture of the devices, but the Navy said in the report that $15,000,000 of the proposed $65,000,000 alloca tion is needed “because of the new technique required for the new pro pellant now in great demand.” In addition to the $15,000,000, the Navy said, “the facilities of the War Department have been engaged to the greatest extent practicable and they have been set aside for naval use to the extent of about $20, 000,000." Chairman Vinson, who introduced the appropriation bill, said be ex pected it would be considered this month by the house and that he knew of no opposition to it. He re fused to discuss the new weapons, saying "it’s all very secretive.” Likewise, a Navy Department of ficial declared “All we can say is that we are using rocket guns, as was reported a short time ago.” Rear Admiral George F. Hussey, jr„ Naval Bureau of Ordnance chief, acknowledged this at a press con ference recently, but declined to elaborate. The British have reported some use of rocket weapons, and the Germans have claimed a more ex tensive development of such de vices. particularly on fighter planes. Allies Take Offensive Af All Points Around India Frontier Base Satisfactory Progress Reported Near Kohima; Jap Casualties Heavy By the Associated Press. SOUTHEAST- INDIA. HEAD QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, May 5.—Allied forces have gone to the offensive at all points in the area of the Indian frontier base of Kohima and their attacks are making “satisfactory progress,” a headquarters communique said today. Heavy casualties have been in flicted on the Japanese in minor clashes north of the Imphal Plain and patrol activity has disclosed increasing evidence of the enemy's heavy losses in the Imphal-Ukhrul area, the announcement continued. Valley Stronghold Taken. Inkangahtawng, Mogaung Valley stronghold, has fallen to Chinese forces driving down the valley toward Mogaung, the bulletin said, indicating that a previous Chinese announcement of its capture was premature. Today's bulletin said other units of Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell’s Chinese forces have established a road block 2 miles below Inkangah tawng in a wide flanking drive and nave trapped enemy forces attempt ing to fall back to the south. Penetrate Jap Positions. Still other Chinese forces pushing down the Mogaung Valley toward Myitkyina, the enemy’s main North Burma base, were reported to have penetrated Japanese positions at Kauri, 10 miles northeast of Manpin. On the Arakan front in South western Burma, the announcement said Allied forces had followed up their major success of Wednesday and that numerous Japanese coun terattacks had been thrown back in the foothills of the Mayu Range east of Buthedaung. Mandalay Raided. Allied bombers have struck a heavy blow at the Japanese supply center of Mandalay, in Central Burma, in a stepped-up offensive against bases feeding the enemy’s forces in In dia and Northern Burma, Admiral Mountbatten's headquarters said to day. Railway yards at Maymyo and many other targets were hit by the bombers as they ranged far and wride over Burma, it was announced. CHUNGKING, May 5 (JP).—Amer ican Liberators, on a sweep over the South China Sea Wednesday, sank | a 4,000-ton freighter in an attack !on a six-ship enemy convoy and I later sent a 900-ton freighter to the |bottom in the same area, Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell’s headquarters ; announced today. i Warhawks in bombing and straf jing attacks over a wide area of French Indo-China Tuesday dam aged railway yards, destroyed one railroad bridge and seriously dam aged another, and in a foray over the Yongking Gulf damaged a num ber of junks. Body of Woman Found In Trunk by Rail Clerk By the Associated Press. LOS ANGELES. May 5.—The body of a woman was found today in a trunk shipped from Chicago to the Railway Express Co. office here, police said. The trunk was taken to the morgue where the torso was to be examined. Investigators said they had not | yet determined to whom the trunk had been shipped. Capt. Leroy ■Sanderson of the police homicide | squad reported that the trunk was I sent from Chicago April 30 by a man giving his name as John Lopez. ! The discovery was made by Eugene Biledeau, a repair clerk at the express company office. Finding some liquid—apparently not blood oozing from the luggage, he opened the trunk to repair it. Raising the lid, he saw' a leg, cut or torn, protruding from a heap of women's, men's, boys and girls clothing. The body was encased in some substance, evidently salt, police said. Chilean Ambassador Reported Resigning; Long Favored Allies Michels Worked for More Vigorous Foreign Policy From Santiago % By LEON PEARSON. Chilean Ambassador Rodolfo Michels, termed the ablest member of the Latin American diplomatic corps, is resigning and returning to Chile. He has made no public announce ment of his plans* and when he does so he merely will say he intends to run for the Senate seat which he held before being named Ambassador to Washington. But behind this is the fact Michels is disappointed with the lukewarm policy of Chile. He re mains personally devoted to Presi dent Rim, who has suported him in more than one crisis, but he has hoped for a more vigorous and con sistent pro-Allied foreign policy from Santiago. Long Delayed Axis Break. A series of three incidents tell the story: 1. Chile's long delay in breaking relations with the Axis. Chile was one of the two countries (Argentina the other) which did not break rela tions at the time of the Rio confer ence in 1942, or shortly thereafter. Various excuses were given for the delay. Meantime, Michels in Wash ington staked his reputation on the pro-Allied intentions of Chile—and almost lost. 2. Recognition of the Farrell re gime in Argentina. When Gen. Ramirez was unseated in February, the United States proposed to the other American governments that they jointly withhold recognition of Farrell. But Chile broke over the traces and extended recognition. Michels believes this action was taken hastily. 3. Recognition of the Soviet gov ernment. Chile is one of the few Latin American countries where Communism can be openly avowed. The Communist party is active in Chile, and has elected members to the Chamber of Deputies. Never Recognized Soviets. Yet Chile has never extended recognition to the Soviets. Michels has favored this step, and, in fact, started negotiations with Soviet Am bassador Oumansky here in Wash ington. But at that moment the Chilean foreign minister quarreled with a Communist Deputy in San tiago, on an issue not related to the Soviet, and in pique he cabled Michels to break off the negotia tions. And now the Soviet issue is up again. It is one of the factors which has caused a serious rift in the cab inet of President Rios. Five of the 10 cabinet members have resigned. But President Rios refused to ac cept their resignations, and they were promptly expelled from the party. This is the Radical party, of which the President himself (and also Michels* is a member. Its left-wing 'See CHILE, Page A-4.) Liberators blast Northern France In Daylight Raid By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 5.—American Liberators bombed German mili tary installations in the Pas-de Calais area of France before breakfast time today, getting the 21st day of the Allies’ preinva sion aerial offensive off to an early start after Allied planes from Italy bombed Budapest, capital of Hungary, last night. RAF four-engined Halifaxes and twin-engined Wellingtons made the attack on Budapest. Fighting their way through a screen of German night fighters, the British bombers poured blockbusters and incendiaries on Budapest's Ra kos rail yards on the main east-west line from Germany and Vienna to the Romanian front. Two violent explosions and many fires were ob served. The Budapest attack followed up a raid the night before on rail yards in Bucharest, capital of Romania, by British Halifaxes, Liberators and Wellingtons. (The Berlin radio said Ameri can heavy bombers were raiding Romania this afternoon.) Two Hundred Liberators in Raid. The Liberators attacking the Pas de-Calais area today crossed the English Chnnnel in a force officially described as small, indicating fewer than 200 of the big bombers, and made the short hop to the area of Prance closest to Britain. They were under escort of probably an equal number of United States 8th Air Force Mustangs. Thunderbolt fighter-bombers of the United States 9th Air Force at tacked rail yards at Valenciennes and Somain, in Northern France, under escort of Thunderbolt fight ers. The Germans again failed to put up even token resistance. Flak was only moderate. Returning pilots said not a single Nazi fighter was seen in the moderately overcast skies. A Middle East communique re ported recent attacks on German shipping and airdromes in Crete, the Aegean Islands and the Greek har bor of Monemvasia. Two supply ships were set afire and planes on the Maleme airfield in Crete were damaged. New formations of daylight raiders headed for the continent after the attacks on France. Mosquitos Attack Reich. The American planes went out so early they passed homeward bound British Mosquitos which last night attacked objectives in Western Ger many. Other British planes laid mines in enemy waters without loss. Although hampered by bad visi bility, Allied medium bombers in daylight yesterday attacked rail bridges at Grosetto, Albino, Torre and Fabriano, all in Italy, and fighter-bombers hit rail communi cations at Terni, Sulmona and in the areas northeast and south of Rome, Allied headquarters in Naples an nounced. The Berlin radio said today that several waves of American bombers attacked the outskirts of Rome yes terday. The city had five alerts—one last ing two hours, the broadcast said. There was no immediate con firmation from Allied authorities. In all about 1,100 sorties were flown by Italian-based Allied air craft. Four Allied planes were re ported missing and one enemy plane was destroyed. Today's operations marked the fifth time in six days that Libera tors have battered enemy emplace ments just across the Channel from Britain. Late Bulletins Simplified Tax Bill Passes The House today unani mously passed the “painless tax’’ measure intended to simplify procedures for 50, 000,000 taxpayers. (Earlier Story on Page A-2.) Grimm to Manage Cubs CHICAGO (/Pi. — Charlie Grimm, after a telephone conversation today with Phil K. Wrigley, owner of the Chi cago Cubs, said that he had agreed to become manager of the Cubs and “all that re mains to be done is to sign the contract.’’ elf 4T — I PP WVY/ ^ Return of the Victorious General Biddle Nelson Sees Nothing Barring Release of Beverage Alcohol WPB Ready to Act if Resumption of Distilling Is Requested by WFA By J. A. O’LEARY. Chairman Donald M. Nelson of the War Production Board told the Senate Liquor Investi gating Committee he saw noth ing that would stand in the way of beverage alcohol being next on the list of essential civilian needs. He reiterated, however, his state ment before the committee yester day that the final decision on re lease of alcohol for resumption of whisky making is up to the War Food Administration. WPB’i only function would be to release facil ities, he said. Mr. Nelson was asked by Senator Ferguson, Republican, of Michigan if he would say beverage alcohol is the next civilian item to be author ized when the war situation makes more alcohol available for civilian purposes. Mr. Nelson replied he saw nothing that would stand in its way. Would Consider Claim. “Have you seen the FBI data as to black market conditions and law lessness?” Senator Ferguson queried. Mr. Nelson said he had, but ex plained that WPB merely allocates the alcohol produced among claim ant agencies, such as direct military, lease-lend, the rubber program and other indirect war producers. “If the War Food Administration, as a claimant agency, wants to come in and make a claim for beverage alcohol, we will be glad to consider it,” Mr. Nelson added. Mr. Nelson told the committee at the outset yesterday, however, that he sees no prospect of releasing facilities now producing industrial alcohol for military and essential civilian needs within the next three or four months. Asked About Vodka. During a discussion of lease-lend shipments of alcohol to Russia. Senator Ferguson asked Mr. Nelson if, on his trip to the Soviet Union, he saw a shortage of vodka, similar to the whisky shortage in the United States. Mr. Nelson said vodka was not be ing generally distributed, that he understood a low-grade beverage was being made, but was severely rationed. The alcohol obtained from this country, he said, is for the Rus sian synthetic rubber program. Chairman McCarran said figures i presented to the committee showed estimated alcohol requirements for direct military use had dropped more than 50 per cent between De cember and April, and asked Mr. Nelson why he did not notify the distilling industry they could use at least part of that for beverage pro duction. Mr. Nelson said he did not because requirements increased for alcohol for rubber production. He insisted that, for the year 1944, the overall estimated requirements for essential use of alcohol are 636,000,000 gallons, against estimated supply of 611,000, 000 gallons. The WPB chairman also explained i (See LIQUOR, Page A-5.1 12 Men 'Electrocuted' Into Convulsions Here In Awesome Process to Restore Mental Health By GEORGE KENNEDY. ! I have just seen 12 men "electro cut ed’’ to bring them back from the living dead—to restore their mental health. It was the most awesome experience I have had as a reporter. Electric shock therapy is im portant in salvaging the mental wrecks washed back by the tides of war. It is a process so successful in several common types of mental ! disease that the doctors are guarded |in talking about it. They fear the i public will think a panacea has been : found. The first patient was a blond | young naval officer, a stronger type ; than the wavy-haired chap in the j collar ads, but almost as good look ing. He came into a little hospital room in St. Elizabeth's and got on the bed without any of the hesi tation of a man getting into a den tist’s chair or one baring his arm for a blood donation. "I’m feeling fine," he said with a confident smile w'hen the doctor asked him about it, "but my back has been hurting a little since the last treatment.” Any one hearing him tal# would feel confident about his handling any responsible job within his ex perience. But a few weeks ago this man was in a state of melancholia. He cracked up at sea and later at tempted suicide. The only equipment in the room was on a little table in a corner—a box with dials like an old-fashioned radio. A wire running from it was plugged into the light circuit. A doctor greased the officer's tem ples with a salve to promote electric conductivity. A nurse slipped some thing like a radio headset on him— which instead of earphones placed a terminal on each temple. The dials on the box were set -for an impulse of three-fifths of a sec ond, at about three-tenths of an am pere and about 80 volts. The ordi nary light circuit is 120 volts, 15 amperes. "I put those terminals on each side of my hand once," said the doc tor, “and took the jolt—I wouldn't want to do it again.” “The convulsion is rather dra matic,” the doctor was explaining in a low voice. That was a new extreme in under statement. What followed made tame the goings-on in Dr. Jekyll’s laboratory or on the island of Dr. Moreau or Faust’s climactic disap pearance in a puff of smoke. The machine gave a buzz—no longer than that. The officer jerked. His face turned red. The nurse at his head slipped a wooden tongue depressor in his mouth to keep him from choking. She took the headset off. The shock was over. He groaned loudly. His whole frame gave a jerk backward. (Broken vertebrae of the spine used to be a frequent result of these powerful wrenches; now, cu rare, the arrow poison of the South American Indians, is given as a sedative when tests show the bones lack the calcium to stand the 'See SHOCK TREATMENT, A-12 ) Mrs. Roosevelt Helps Gardeners At White House The White House gardening force has a new member—Mrs. Roosevelt. The manpower situation being what it is, the President’s wife vol unteered to help out, and in the last few days has been devoting some of her time to weeding the flower beds in the south grounds of the Ex ecutive Mansion. There has been no complaint about her efficiency. Kentucky Derby Field Boosted to 19 With Two Surprise Entries Richest Race in Downs' History 1$ in Prospect; Post Positions Listed (Earlier Story on First Sports Page.) By the Associated Press. ‘ LOUISVILLE, May 5—Nine teen horses were entered today for tomorrow’s 70th running of the Kentucky Derby, one filly being listed at the last minute after 16 of the expected entries and one other surprise name had been dropped into the box along with the $500 starting fee. The filly was C. Compton’s Peace Bells, by Peace Chance-Evening Bells, which had been nominated for the race in February, but never had been considered an entry In the $75,000 - added, mile-and-a-quarter contest for top 3-year-olds. As far as records here show. Peace Bells never has started in a race. A light rain this morning kept intact the string of 34 hours of pre cipitation that kept the Churchill Downs track fetlock deep in mud. Track experts said that only hot sun and a strong wind between now and post time tomorrow would keep the oval from being classed as muddy. The other surprise entry in the field was Comanche Peak, owned by Mrs. Floyd West of Dallas, Tex. The chestnut gelding easily won a 6% furlong dash yesterday over much the same track as existed today. Stir Up Heads List. Heading the entry list were Stir Up, mud-running favorite from Mrs. Payne Whitney's Greentree Stable; M. B. Goff’s Skytracer, another proven mudder; Warren Wright’s i— Clear and Cooler Weather Predicted For Derby Day By thf Associated Press. LOUISVILLE, Ky.. May 5 — Meteorologist E. E. Unger'took off his raincoat and overshoes today and forecast fair and cooler weather for tomorrow’s 70th Kentucky Derby. It was raining when Mr. Unger made his forecast, but he said the skies would clear tonight and the temperature would drop considerably. Pensive, only a fair performer .through heavy going: O. W. Bre ault s Challenge Me, who also im proves over an off track, and Mrs. George Poulson’s Broadcloth, of whose mudding ability little is known. If all 19 face the barrier about ,5:15 p.m. (Central war time) to J morrow, it will be the richest of all I Derbies with a gross value of $88,200 | and $66,700 going to the winner. If I no more than two are scratched it i still will have a greater value than m 1942, when Shut Out won $64,225 (of the $86,250 purse. If the track is muddy it will be the first Derby under such condi tions since Clyde Van Dusen won in a rainstorm in 1929. Challenge Me, a speed horse, and the first to be entered, drew the i No. 1 post position while Stir Up drew No. 6, one of the favored spots, (especially if the track is heavy along (the rail. On the outside rail, in No. 19 position, was Comenow'. Pensive I also was fortunate in landing in the (No. 5 spot. Here's how they'll line up at the barrier for the start: 1, Challenge (Me; 2, Skytracer; 3, Peace Bells; 4, Bell Buzzer; 5, Pensive; 6, Stir ;Up: 7, Autocrat; 8. Alorter; 9, Gay ' (See DERBY, Page A-5.) Prosecution Rests In Trial of Laughlin On Contempt Charge Unanswered Allegations Alone Enough to Convict Lawyer, Burns Says By CARTER BROOKE JONES. Special Prosecutor Joseph W. Burns rested in District Court today the Government’s con tempt case against James J. Laughlin, a defense attorney in the interrupted sedition trial, after telling Justice Jenning Bailey that unanswered charges in the prosecution petition alone were enough to convict the ac cused lawyer of “maliciously” making a “scurrilous” attack on the character of Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher, presiding at the mass trial. Mr. Laughlin began a defense which would, he estimated, require three days, possibly delaying further the sedition trial which is set for resumption Monday. Death Won’t Delay Trial. The trial will not be delayed, however, by the death yesterday of Elmer J. Gamer. 80-year-old de fendant, Chief Prosecutor O. John Rogge said. In closing the contempt case against Mr. Laughlin, Mr. Bums referred to a portion of the Govern ment petition against the attorney, reciting an affidavit asking Justice Eicher to disqualify himself from presiding further. This affidavit, supporting one of several such motions filed by Mr. Laughlin, was signed by the defend ant, Robert Noble. It accused Jus tice Eicher of taking the case under promise of being rewarded by Presi dent Roosevelt with promotion if the 30 defendants were convicted. A Court of Appeals judgeship or possibly a place on the Supreme Court was the alleged reward held out to the judge, according to the Laughlin motion and affidavit. Mr. Bums said the affidavit ‘‘made no pretense of showing the source of the information on which it was based,” and it could be assured that the Government was correct in charging it was ‘‘maliciously” filed, with its only purpose a “contemptu ous” and "scurrilous” attack on Jus tice Eicher’s integrity. Laugnlin’s Answer Attacked. Mr. Bums told the court Mr. Laughlin's formal answer to the contempt citation had "set forth no facts in justification’’ of the motion. Thus it could be assured, the prose cutor contended, that it was "an attack on the dignity of this court.” He added: "There is nothing in the present record which would require any further evidence to Show that the respondent (Laughlin) is in con tempt of court.” Mr. Burns said *the Government would be glad to call Justice Eicher if the court desired and he under stood the defense would call the chief justice, but at present the prosecution would rest. Mr. Burns called two newspaper men to testify concerning an nounced plans of Mr. Laughlin to call as witnesses in the sedition case Harry L. Hopkins and David Niles, presidential advisers, to describe ef forts to “purge” Senator Gillette, Democrat, of Iowa when he was a candidate for re-election. One newspaper account admitted in evi dence said Mr. Laughlin “did not say how the information would help his clients.” Ulterior Motive Charged. Mr. Burns explained to the court it was the Government’s contention that Mr. Laughlin gave such infor mation to the press “solely from the ulterior motive” of trying to prejudice the case and influence jurors and that in some cases Mr. Laughlin had not even filed the motions. "Haven’t I told you?” Mr. Laugh lin asked Frank B. Alan of Inter national News Service on cross-ex amination, "never to write up one of my motions until it was filed in court?” “In most instances, yes, the re porter replied. “You have often visited my office to obtain information about the trial?” "Yes.” “Have I ever gone to your office?” "No.” With reference to his announced (See SEDITION, Page A-5.) House Approves Ward Inquiry by 300*fo*60 Vole Biddle's Ruling on Plant Seizure Hit During Sharp Debate By the Associated Press. The House, brushing aside only token opposition, today author ized an investigation of the Gov ernment’s right to seize Mont gomery Ward Si Co.’s Chicago properties. A seven-man com mittee was created to make the inquiry independently of the Senate, which already has one under way. The resolution carried by a vote of 300 to 60 after little more than an hour’s sharp debate centering on exactly what wartime authority Congress intended President Roose velt to have. Critics of the Army’s seizure of the plant, following a labor dispute, described the action as ‘‘tyrannical.’' Representative Dewey, Republican, of Illinois, author of the resolution, said the investigation should be conducted on a "high plane” to de termine if the lawmakers "unwit tingly” have given the Chief Execu tive “unwarranted power.” Biddle Ruling Criticized, Attorney General Biddle’s ruling that Montgomery Ward is a war plant and thus subject to seizure was questioned critically in the debate. Chairman Sabath of the Rules Committee declared, however, that he was sure “the evidence will show” the company received “many favors” from the Government “and made $200,000,000 in 10 years under the New Deal.” Representative Clark, Democrat, of North Carolina, backing the Government in the debate, read from the resolution accompanying this country’s declaration of war December 8, 1941, “when we were united and there was no partisan ship.” He said that resolution gave the President power to use “all of the resources of the country” to bring the war to an end and noted that “when the President is openly de fied,” the economic stability is threatened. Says People Oppose Seizure. On the other hand. Representa tive Allen, Republican, of Illinois, urging passage of the resolution to investigate the seizure, told the House the “American people were practically 100 per cent” opposed "to that action of the Government.” “Congress is determined;” Mr. Allen sai#, “that if the Chief Exec utive has the power to strip a pri vate citizen of his property, we, in turn, will strip the Chief Executive of that dictatorial assumption of power by proper legislation.” "It is hoped,” he added, “that our soldiers and sailors have more con fidence and respect tor their com mander in Chief than the Presi dent has for the rights guaranteed American citizens by the Constitu tion.” Representative Hoffman, Repub lican, of Michigan declared the pro posed inquiry into the Goverament’a authority “does not go far enough” and should extend into “the meth ods used by unions in their organi zational drives.” Federal Control Tightened. Meanwhile, Federal control of the Montgomery Ward plant in Chicago had been tightened after an order was issued voiding all employe dis missals effected since the Govern ment took over on April 26 and specifying that future dismissals would not be valid unless approved by Government officials in charge of the facilities. The notice was posted yesterday and resulted in the arrest of one Montgomery Ward official who re Tsee MONTGOMERY WARD, A-9.) Ward Subsidiary Tied Up by Strike AFL Machinists Demand Contract or U. S. Control By the Associated Press. SPRINGFIELD, 111., May 5.—A group of employes of the Mont gomery Ward & Co. Springfield subsidiary, the Hummer Manufac turing Co., stayed away from their jobs today and declared they would remain idle “until the company signs a contract or the Government takes over the plant.” A company spokesman estimated the number at about 450. The idle workers are members of Local No. 628 of the International Association of Machinists, affiliated with the AFL. John A. Saxer, manager of the Hummer plant which produces re frigeration and farm equipment and parts for several war production in dustries, said he did not know why the employes were idle and referred ! all inquiries to Ward officials in | Chicago. In Chicago a company spokesman jsaid there would be no statement I “at least until we get the facts of the case.” WAVE and Man Drown In Potomac Accident A WAVE, Evelyn Gabauer, 21, stationed at Barracks D, Massa chusetts and Nebraska avenues N.W., and a man. Gill Alley, who, police said, lived aboard a boat moored in Washington Channel, were drowned shortly after 1 p.m. today when their rowboat foundered in the choppy Potomac waters and they were thrown into the river. Another WAVE, Hazel Turner, 21, also of Barracks D, who was thrown into the river, was rescued by park and harbor police. The boat, with an outboard motor, foundered in the channel between Maine avpnue and the Park Bicycle Shop in East Potomac Park. Neither girl was in uniform.