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Clearing and cooler today. Monday, fair, continued cool. Temperatures yesterday — Highest, 76, at 4:10 p.m.; lowest, 64. at 9:10 p.m. United States Weather Bureau Report. Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star Is delivered by carrier in the city and suburbs at 80c per month when 4 Sundays; 90c per month when 5 Sundays. Telephone NA. 5000. 1 An Associated Press Newspaper. No. 2,040—No. 36,530. WASHINGTON, 1). (\, MAY 7, 1944-108 PAGES. Washington rnTjrvj prYTC IS CENTS and Suburbs vJd*.> IO Eisswhtrt 38 Eire Firms Blacklisted byU.S. In First Crackdown on De Valera; 750 Yank Bombers Hit Romania Sanctions Follow Ireland's Refusal To Oust Nazis Bt the Associated Press. The United States last night blacklisted 38 Irish firms and businessmen accused of aiding the enemy. The action was the first taken by this Government to express through economic measures its disapproval of Prime Minister Eamon de Va leras decision in February not to eject Axis officials accused of espionage by the Allies. Never before has any Irish firm been black-listed, although concerns in many other neutral countries in both this hemisphere and the European area had been put on the record, which now totals ap proximately 15.000 names. Have Adequate Evidence. Listing means that Government officials consider they have ade quate evidence that the concerns are co-operating with the enemy in such a manner as to contribute to the support of his war machine. The sanctions applied range from denial of all facilities to such firms in this country to the threat of postwar penalties which will place those firms at a competitive disad vantage in the early months of economic reconstruction. The State Department declined to say why any individual firm was black-listed or to describe the ac tivities of any firm. Some of the 38 have Irish names while others were German language names, ap parently branches of German firms. Implements New Policy. The disclosure that Ireland was being listed apparently was the first step to implement the new policy an- j nounced Thursday by Francis Rus- 1 sell, chief of the State Department's Division of World Trade Intelligence and chairman of the interdepart-! mental committee which controls the black list. Mr. Kussen announced that it would not be possible to lift black list sanctions as soon as the war ends. In the case of Ireland, there has been no complaint of trading with the enemy and the British and United States governments have concentrated on trying, first to erad icate and second to control the ac tivities of Axis diplomats, whom they: accused of spying on Allied prepara tions for the invasion of Europe. Tlte United States asked Ireland February 21 to eject Axis authori-; ties from the country, but it turned! down the request. Shortly after ward, Britain cut off all shipping to Ireland and imposed other restric tions designed to prevent the flow of information from military areas of the United Kingdom into Eire. | The crackdown on Irish firms is considered here to foreshadow a vigorous application of the black list policy from now on to con cerns in all neutral European countries which do not align them selves with Allied interests. Following is list of the black listed firms, as announced by the State Department: A. E. G. Electric Co. Ltd., Dublin, and all branches in Eire. Ackermans & S. A. Van Haaren, Galway. Allianz und Stuttgarter Verein In surance Co., Ltd., Dublin. Alberto Arcari, East Wall, Dublin. Associated Contractors (Ireland), Ltd., New Docks, Galway. Atlanta Products, Ltd., Ballsbridge, Dublin. Dr. Heinrich Becker, Rathmines. Dublin. Emil Franz Wilhelm Cesar. Beck mann, Dublin. Beckmann & Holliday, Ltd., Dub lin.' Bartolomeo i Bertino) Berni, Dub lin. Berni's Cafe & Restaurant, Dublin. Mrs. Cathal Brugha, Dublin. Noinin Brugha, Dublin. Rory Brugha, Dublin. Albert Carry, Dublin. Dublin Electrical Engineering Co., Ltd., Dublin, and all branches in Eire. Dw-arf Products, Rathmines, Dub lin. Georg Franz Frederick Fasenfeld, Monaincha, County Tipperary. German Academy, Dublin. ,\ews Agency Listed. German News Agency, Dublin. Hans Hautz, Bray, County Wick low. Hayward Co., Ltd., Dublin. Alfred Heine, Ballsbridge, Dublin. Michael Held & Son., Ld.. Dublin. Irish A. E. G. Electric Co., Ltd., Dublin, and all branches in Eire. Irish-German Academic Bureau, Dublin. Kingstons, Ltd., Dublin. Heinz Langheld, Bray, County Wicklow. O’Huadhaigh & Proud, Little Dub lin. Metro Radio, Dublin. O'Hagan Ltd., Bray, County Wick low and Dublin. Josef Paffrath, Dublin. Radio Telefunken Ltd , Dublin. Paul Schuette-Ronayne, Rath mines, Dublin. Siemens-Schuckert <Ireland! Ltd., Dublin and all branches in Eire. Siemens-Schuckert Manufactur ing Co. (I. F. S i Ltd., Dublin and all branches in Eire. Oscar Paul. Traenkner, Dublin Franz Winckelmann, Ranelach, Dublin. Snow Falls in Arkansas FAYETTEVILLE, Ark., May 6 OPi.—Freezing weather hit Fayette ville today—its first 32-aegree read ing for May in 34 years—and a light snow fell in this area The snow probably was not the first reported In May, the weather bureau said. Allies to Hurl 2,000,000 Men At Europe This Month, Nazi Says Writer Predicts Bridgeheads Will Be Set Up, With Fate of Attack Hinging on Later Battles By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sunday, May 7.— Marshal Erwin Rommel told Germans in their bombed home land yesterday that an Allied invasion of Europe “must be reckoned as imminent,” and one Nazi commentator said the Americans and Britons would hurl 2.000.000 men into action this month, using 100,000 land ing craft. Dr Erich Widdecke, a writer in the Westfaelische Landeszeitung, was quoted by the Berlin radio early today as saying the main Allied blow would be across the English Channel, with another hitting Southern France and possible di versionary thrusts at Denmark and Norway. Predicting landings by glider and parachute troops behind the Ger man Atlantic Wall, Dr. Widdecke conceded that the problem of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower’s command would be ‘‘not landing but supply.” He estimated that 50 Allied mo torized divisions were ‘‘ready in Britain, Iceland and Ireland,” and said troops for aerial landings ‘‘are in the Faroes (Allied-held Danish islands 220 miles north of Scot land and 380 miles west of Norway) and another 26 divisions, together with strong French forces, in North Africa.” The German commentator de clared the main Allied landings would be made under protection of an ‘‘enormous air umbrella,” and said: ‘‘They will be so powerful it will be impossible to prevent establish ment of bridgeheads—so the fate of the invasion will depend on battles between the invasion forces and large (German) reserves.” Marshal Rommel pictured German soldiery as “armed with new weap <See~INVASION," Page"!^3 7) Italian Prisoners Get Chance to Volunteer For Noncombat Duty Plan Is Expected to Free Thousands of American Soldiers for Other Duty By the Associated Press. Creation of volunteer non combat units from among Italian prisoners of war, under the com mand of American officers, was announced last night by the War Department. The units, the department said in a statement, “will render services of various kinds in support of the war effort against the common snemy, except in actual combat.” Parallel arrangements are being made, “insofar as practicable, by the government of the United Kingdom,” the department an nounced. The Army said the action was “in furtherance of Italian co-belligerent efforts.” "Will Get More Liberty. While the units will be under the ultimate command of American officers and subject to American military law' and regulations, they will be staffed by Italian officers and non-commissioned officers and “will be extended liberties and priv ileges not heretofore available to them.” * The department said the ar rangement is expected to release thousands of American soldiers for other duty. Those Italians who volunteer must be approved by the Military Intelligence Section of the Army. Brig. Gen. John M. Eager, for mer chief of staff of the 5th Serv ice Command at Columbus, Ohio, has been named commanding gen eral of the units. Their training will stress instruc tion in the English language. The present prohibition against fra ternization with war prisoners will not apply between members of the Italian service units and American military personnel. To Get Present Pay Rate. The members of the Italian units will wear easily recognizable uni forms. They will continue to be paid the present rates of pay. However, a portion of this will be paid in cash and the remainder in post exchange coupons instead of the entire sum being paid in coupons as at present The amount not paid in cash may be credited to the individual’s account with the United States Treasury ii he desires. As of April 1, this year, there were 50.136 Italian prisoners of war ir this country, the War Department said. The service units are not expectec to reach that total, however. American Flyers Drop 1,C33 Ions of Bombs Along French Coast German Anti-invasion Targets Between Calais And Dieppe Pounded By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 6. — American Liberators and Marauders drop ped 1,000 tons of explosives on the 100-mile stretch of landing beaches nearest Britain today. Carefully selected German anti vasiqn Installations were hammered betwwn Calais and Dieppe on the French Coast just across from Dover’s cliffs on the 22d straight day of the aerial offensive. The Axis-controlled Parts radio said many localities were attacked in the area and heavy casualties occurred. The Allied command sent nearly 500 Liberators and escorting Mus tang, Lightning and Thunderbolt fighters against the Calais sector without loss in the morning. The attack was made despite bad weather which in the past had halted such flights. utner Areas Attacked. In the evening American Maraud-1 ers and other Allied bombers con-! centrated on emplacements south5 of Calais between Boulogne and Dieppe. In another evening action, Thun derbolt fighter-bombers struck a Nazi airfield at Rennes, in Northern Fiance, and a formation of Thun derbolt fighters swept the same area. Neither formation sighted a single enemy plane and neither suffered loss. Tonight the German radio gave its famiilar warning signal that Al lied planes were headed for the Reich again and the Paris radio fell silent, indicating a possible RAF night assault. The attacked Nazi coastal instal lations in the Pas-de-Calais area are are so secret that even now after more than 100 assaults on them they have not been described in detail. No Fighters Encountered. Returning Liberator crewmen said each wave of American planes chose a different target, bombing through an overcast. No German fighters were met; ground fire w'as sporadic and ineffective. Australian and New Zealand Mos quitos attacked inland targets in Northern Fiance during the day without loss. One German fighter was shot down. Perez Reaches Miami MIAMI, Fla., May 6 <7P).—Ven \ ezuelan Foreign Minister Caracciolo Parra Perez arrived here by clipper | tonight en route to New York “and possibly Washington” on what he said was a “confidential” trip. He i was scheduled to leave by plane for New York tomorrow morning. Population and Circulation Washington Metropolitan Area population has grown faster since 1940 than in any other major trading area in the Nation, according to Census Bureau latest estimates. The civilian population in this area was estimated at 1.228,856 on November 1, 1943, compared with 957,754 on April 1, 1940, an increase of 28.3 per cent. These figures do not include noncivilians or transients numbering tens of thousands. "The Star's Growth in Circulation (Average net paid circulation! Evening, Sunday For_the month of March 1944 _ 196.130 199.322 6 months ending March 31, 1944 _ 190,699 194,118 6 months ending March 31, 1942 _ 174.172 174,267 6 months ending March 31, 1940 _ 150,932 159,162 6 months ending March 31, 1938 ___ 137,757 147,922 6 months ending March 31, 1936_ 129,268 136,860 6 months ending March 31, 1934 115,202 124,400 Increase during past ten years . 75,497 69,718 4 65.5% 4 56.0% 971/2 per cent of The Star's circulation is within the Retail Trading Area. Nazis Reported Moving Civilians From Italian Area By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NAPLES, May 6.—A fleet of per haps 750 American Flying Fort resses and Liberators, heavily protected by fighters, attacked five key Romanian communica tions centers in daylight today, expanding the Mediterranean air campaign against Nazi Ro mania into a big-scale offensive. At the same time, Italian theater came more strongly into the war spotlight with reports to Allied headquarters that the Germans had carried out a mass exodus of Italian civilians from a strif) 20 miles deep beyond the 5th Army’s main front in Southern Italy. An Allied headquarters commen tator disclosed this information had come from Italian refugees. It was said the area had been made purely military territory, with those work ing directly with the Germans be ing the only Italians remaining. Evidence of Nazis’ Fears. These reports—on the first anni versary of the Allied armies’ big drive down the Medjerda Valley in Tunisia which resulted in the fall of Tunis on May 7, 1943—was evidence of the Germans’ increas ing fears that the Allies were pre paring another irresistible push. Earlier in the week, official reports said heavy, unexplained explosions were heard from the vicinity of Formia on the western end of the front which possibly indicated enemy destruction of installations and stores. In today’s attacks on Romania the American bombers and fighters battered their way through screens of enemy interceptors and bombed five vital rail yards, all on the main routes from Bucharest over which the Germaas are pouring reinforce ments and supplies to the Southern Russian front. Initial reports said hundreds of tons of bombs hit target areas in the yards at Brasov, 80 miles north of Bucharest; Pitesti, 70 miles northwest of Bucharest; Craiovah, 120 milest west of Bucharest; Cam pina, 20 miles north of Ploesti, and Turnu Severin, at the Iron Gate on the Danube 65 miles northwest of Craiova. rirst Round-the-Clock Bombing:. An undisclosed number of enemy interceptors were destroyed by the bombers and their escort. This was the first time Romania had been subjected to round-the clock bombing by a substantial por tion of the air armadas massed at Italian bases. Yesterdav American "heavies” hit the Ploesti oil refin eries and rail yards. Last night RAF Wellingtons and Halifaxes at tacked refineries at Campina. Reconnaissance photographs show ed an enormous fire raging at Ploesti after yesterday's attack. Rail yards were battered heavily and storage tanks and oil cars were in flames. Another sharp blow had been struck at Germany’s oil supplv Today's blow at Turnu Severin came while that important rail and aircraft center was still reeling from an attack yesterday. The raids today and last night followed up yesterday attacks which broke the Pescara Dam in Italy. Headquarters disclosed that Amer ican-built Kittyhawks and Mus tangs, piloted by British, Australian and South Africa airmen, did the dive-bombing job on the Pescara Dam w'hich sent flood waters roar ing down on German communica tions and defense lines. It was the first announcement of the use of P-51 Mustangs in this theater. In its widespread operations the Mediterranean air force flew 1 960 offensive flights yesterday, losing 16 heavy bombers and eight other air craft and destroying 11 German planes. Maj. Gen. John K. Cannon, com mander of the United States 12th Air Force, vividly described the great accomplishments of the Allied air offensive in Italy. He said the Ger mans had not moved a single through train from the Pisa-Rimini line to the front since March 24. He told how the Allies’ incessant bomb ing of line and rail yards had mini mized the Germans’ repair effort' and created a serious bottleneck. Gen. Cannon posed an unusual military situation—the air force calling on the ground for support rather than vice versa. "When that comes, our armies will make the Hun use up his supplies and our job will be to prevent him from getting more,” he said. "Nc army can operate without supplies.’ Elliott to Direct WPB's Civilian Needs Office E> thr Associated Press. William Yandell Elliott, former Harvard University professor, yes terday was appointed director of the Office of Civilian Requirements of the War Production Board. He succeeds Arthur D. Whiteside who resigned in February to return |to the presidency of Dun & Brad street, New York. Mr. Elliott lias been director of j WPB's stockpiling and transporta j tion division. His new post carries with it a WPB vice chairmanship and the responsibility for planning and scheduling consumer goods 1 production. In r policy statement, Mr. Elliott said that highest priority must gc to a balanced war program: that "the next consideration must be immediate production of more ol the most needed civilian goods," ' ; i Uncertainty Clouds Resumption of Trial Of Sedition Case Laughlin Seeks to Prove He Did Not Originate Reports About Eicher By CARTER BROOKE JONES. The mass sedition triaf in Dis trict Court, beset by delays and false starts for three weeks, faces a standstill for another uncertain period when it is called again at 10 a.m. tomorrow before Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher. The side i.ssue of a contempt of court hearing before Justice Jen nings Bailey, holding the trial of the 29 defendants in check all last week, was adjourned yesterday in a flurry of excitement until 9:30 a m. tomorrow, with the accused de fense attorney, James J. Laughlin, still presenting evidence intended to justify his legal conduct and motives in the sedition case. Justice Eicher, who had hoped the contempt proceeding would be com pleted during the week and had ordered the impanelling of a jury to begin tomorrow, has announced that he will not continue the trial until the Laughlin citation has been decided. How long this will take appeared uncertain last night. It was considered likely that Justice Bailey would take the evidence un der advisement, since he allowed Mr. Laughlin until tomorrow to file a brief in reply to the Government. Surprise Witness Called. Mr. Laughlin is seeking to prove that he did not originate or spon sor the "reports” that President Roosevelt had appointed Justice Eicher to the District bench espe cially to preside at the sedition trial, promising the jurist a judicial promotion if the defendants were convicted. The attorney made these charges in a motion and affidavit of bias against the judge in behalf of Robert Noble, one of the defend ants. Yesterday Mr. Laughlin called a surprise witness, Mrs. Estelle Dei ninger, 5706 Nevada avenue N.W., who served as a District Court juror in February and March, but com pleted her service before the sedi tion trial began April 17. She said she appeared voluntarily to testify to a telephone conversation she de Iscribed overhearing in Mr. Laugh jlin's office March 12. Mrs. Deininger explained that she couldn’t help hearing both voices over the phone when Mr. Laughlin, seated near her in his small office, swung his swivel chair around close to her. She heard a man's voice dis cussing the forthcoming sedition |trial, she said, adding: "I heard the party say that Presi dent Roosevelt had offered Justice Eicher a higher job if the defend ants were convicted.” Says Laughlin Defended Jurist. Mr. Laughlin asked what else she I heard, and the witness replied: "I heard Court of Appeals and Supreme I Court mentioned.” I She said she heard Mr. Laughlin ; refuse to join in a petition to dis qualify Justice Eicher. "You defend ed Judge Eicher.” she recalled. “How do you happen to be here i today?” Mr. Laughlin asked her. j "I felt that I had something im portant for your case,” she answered. II came down here on my owm. I i didn't talk to you except for a min ute in the corridor. I had called 1 See SEDITION, Page A-4.> Three Marines Battle 4 Police In 14th and F Stop-Light Roy/ Crowd Cheers as Leathernecks Join Forces; Three Patrolmen Treated for Injuries By JOE BRENNAN. While bystanders cheered them on, three marines, one a veteran of Bougainville and Guadal canal, joined forces to slug their way through a free-for-all with four Washington policemen early last night at Fourteenth and F streets N.W. The row began when a policeman sought to pre vent at least one of the marines from crossing against a red light. The Leathernecks, witnesses agreed, did all right for themselves. Three policemen went to hospitals for treatment of broken teeth, “shiners" and kicks. The melee was touched off when Marine Pvt. Vincent J. Hughes, 20, attached to the Navy Command Annex, Ward Circle, N.W., absent mindedly, he said later, started to cross Fourteenth street against a red traffic light. Traffic Policeman Richard A. Jordan accosted the marine and warned him back to the curb. At this point the stories of eye witnesses and police differ—but radically. The traffic policeman said after the fight that he “courteously” escorted Pvt. Hughes back to the curb. Pfc. Eugene Palmer Sanchez, 21, attached to the Naval Torpedo Station, Alexandria, was standing on the sidewalk. Policeman Jordan said Pvt. Sanchez, who tossed a lot of rights and lefts with the Leather necks at Bougainville and Guadal (See MARINES, Page A-2.) Pensive Takes Derby With Stir Up Third; Sun Again Wins Dixie Warren Wright s Pensive drove through to victory in the Ken tucky Derby at Churchill Downs yesterday before a crowd of nearly 70,000. Jockey Conn Mc Creary piloted Pensive along the rail in the stretch to beat Broadcloth by 4‘2 lengths in 2:04%. Stir Up, the favorite, was third. The record-break ing winner's purse was $65,200. j The crowd bet $655,372 on the Derby and $2,144,620 on the day’s program. At Pimlico, the Calumet Farm’s Sun Again won the 40th running of the Dixie Handicap. Rounders was second and Al quest third. The Nationals made it two in a row over the Philadelphia Athletics, winning, 4-0, behind the pitching of Mickey Haefner. (Details on sports pages.) Mayor of Cheyenne Jailed for Bribery Chief of Police Also Gets 7 to 10 Years Ey the Associated Press. CHEYENNE, Wyo., May 6.—May or Ira L. Hanna of Cheyenne and i three other city officials were found guilty tonight by a Laramie County District Court jury on charges of soliciting and accepting a bribe. District Judge Harry P. Ilsley immediately sentenced Mayor Han na and former Police Chief Jess B. i Ekdall to not less than seven nor more than 10 years: E. V. Violette, member of the police department, to not less than two years nor more than three years, and G. J. Morris, another police department member, to not less than one year nor more than two years. The four were charged specifi cally with soliciting and accepting $100 on two occasions from Mrs. Lola West, proprietor of a West Cheyenne cafe, for “protection.” j The defendants said they would appeal. Radio Programs, Pg. C-10 Complete Index, Page A-2 Army Plans Agency to Handle Casualties' Financial Affairs With the European invasion ap proaching. the War Department i last, night disclosed it will set up in New' York City a special office ; to handle the financial affairs of all soldier casualties. The office, which will be called an "installation of the Office of Fiscal Director,” may involve the transfer of some personnel from offices in Washington, according to informal reports. Department officials re fused to discuss any phase of the personnel problem involved, how ever. If any transfers are involved, it was indicated in one unofficial quarter, they would be voluntary. The official announcement ex plained that the new office would effect a “merger of all the separate activities of the office of fiscal di rector with whom the widows, heiis and beneficiaries of such casualties must now deal.” No date was an-; nounced for opening of the office.; Approval had been granted, it was j explained, for establishment of the office “to handle the records, pay-1 ments and settlements to be made j with respect to the accounts of j deceased personnel of the military! establishment, and of casualties * * * under public law” * * * dealing with men who are “missing, captured, interned or beleaguered.” “Associated with the new office will be the centralized records of Government life insurance allot ments and of soldiers’ deposits, as well as liaison offices of other in iterested agencies.” Fourth Term Favored And Opposed as Texas Names Delegates Variety of Resolutions Passed, One Urging Party To Shun Convention POLITICAL SPOTLIGHT TURNS to Ohio Tuesday. Page A-2 By the Associated Press. DALLAS, Tex., May 6.—Strong resolutions both for and against President Roosevelt as a fourth term candidate for President appeared where sentiment was reflected in early and scattered reports as Texas Democrats to day named delegates to county conventions. In many of the State's 5.482 pre cincts, the election of delegates was a formality, and where delegates were certified without direction the efTect was to send to the county conventions next Tuesday unin structed delegations. County con ventions will name delegates for the State convention in Austin May 23. Varied Resolutions Passed. There were resolutions adopted opposing Mr. Roosevelt for Presi dent and favoring Senator Byrd of Virginia: resolutions indorsing Roosevelt and Speaker Ravburn as his running mate, one urging that the Democratic Party in Texas should not participate in the na tional convention; resolutions ask ing restoration of the two-thirds rule in the national convention in selection of nominees; opposition to restoration of the two-thirds rule; and in one precinct a resolution that Texas electors be uninstructed A Midland. Tex., precinct in structed its county convention dele gates to oppose Mr. Roosevelt for re-election and favor Senator Byrd. A precinct convention at Colum 'See TEXAS,"Page A-5.i D. C. Quota Is 107 Million In Fifth War Loan Drive The District's quota for the Fifth War Loan Drive has been set at $107,000,000—$12,000,000 higher than the Fourth Loan quota, the Treas ury Department announced yester day. The boost is in line with the increase in the national quota from $14,000,000,000 in the last campaign to $16,000,000,000 in the drive sched uled for June 12-July 8. A total of $61,000,000 of the Dis trict quota is allotted for sales to individuals and $46,000,000 for cor porations and associations other than commercial banks. Of the quota for individuals, $34,000,000 is labeled for Series E Bond sales. John A. Reilly, chairman of the District War Finance Committee, said an organization of tens of thou sands of volunteer workers is being built up for the drive. The eight issues will be offered to all investors. They are: Series E, F and G War Savings Bonds, Series C Tax Savings Notes, 2tj% Treasury Bonds of 1965-70; 2r'c Treasury Bonds of 1952-54; 1 >t% Treasury Notes of Series B-1947, and 7/»% Certificates of Indebtedness of Series C-1945. Japs Nine Miles From Loyang in New China Drive Chungking Discloses 30-Mile Setback In Heavy Fighting U. S. FLYERS HAMMER Jape along 700 miles of New Guinea coast line. Page A-4. ALLIES STEP UP DRIVE to clear Kohlma area before rainst start. Page A-4. By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING. May 6. —The Chinese command announced tonight that strong Japanese tank and armored car forces in a 30-mile breakthrough had driven to within 9 miles of the ancient city of Loyang, gateway of an historic invasion route to the interior of China. The Japanese, slowed in their frontal attack on Loyang along the Lunghai railway from the east, struck swiftly from recently cap tured Lunju to the southeast, crossed the Y1 River and drove to within sight of Loyang before being slowed in heavy fighting with the Chinese. Tonight's communique acknowl edged Japanese advances in two other sectors of the Honan Province front, which the enemy was expand ing rapidly in a campaign now be ing described by Japanese corre spondents, perhaps significantly, as the most extensive since the big drive on Hankow in 1938. Chinese Gap Narrowed. In one of these advances the Jap anese drove 10 miles northward along the Peiping-Hankow railway from Kioshan to Chumatien, nar rowing the Chinese-held gap of the railway to less than 40 miles. The Japanese forces driving southward along the railroad from Chenghsien last were reported at Yencheng. In the other advance the Japa nese gained in a converging attack on the strategically important town of Paofeng, 45 miles west of the railway and about 60 miles south east of Loyang. A supplementary Chungking com munique said the Chinese Air Force gave active support to the troops fighting in Central Honan today, several formations of planes attacking the enemy on the Llnju Paisha highway and killing more than 1,000 Japanese. More than 100 trucks and 30 tanks were destroyed, the statement said. Occupation of Loyang. which six times has been the capital of China, would threaten the large Chinese forces to the east, the main army of modern China now guarding the invasion route to the interior. In particular, Loyang lies astride the historic route to Szechwan Province, in which is located China's wartime capital of Chunking. Fall of Loyang might be the forerunner of a Japanese push In this direction. * Large Crowds Fleeing. Already there are reports from the front of great crowds of homeless, fleeing before the Japanese drive and deprived of a bumper wheat crop they had expected to harvest. These unnumbered thousands, fatigued and footsore and their backs burdened by bundles of belongings, converged on Loyang, only to find on arrival that the city itself was becoming a part of the front. Tonight’s communique said the double drive on Paofeng developed after a Japanese column advancing against Yehsien, 35 miles east of the Peiping-Hankow railway at Yen cheng, was repulsed. The column then turned northwestward and joined forces with a column pressing southwestward from Kaihsien, and the two together attacked Paofeng, the Chinese bulletin said. In the drive northward along the Peiping-Hankow railway from the Japanese base at Sinyang, the enemy attacked Chumatien, but was re pulsed, the Chinese communique said. Harriman Reaches Capital For Official Consultations By the Associated Press. W. Averell Harriman, American Ambassador to Russia, arrived in Washington yesterday for consulta tions. The subject of his talks here was not disclosed immediately, but pre sumably the Russian attitude to ward practical participation in a world peace organization will be dis cussed, and possibly the Russo Polish dispute. Mr. Harriman has been in Mos cow since last October. He con ferred in North Africa with Under secretary of State Stettinius last week end. Mr. Stettinius arrived here Thursday. What Happens To the Murderer? Justice Jackson, joined by Justices Roberts and Frank furter, speaks out sharply in a dissenting opinion against a newly established Supreme Court doctrine of “inherent coercion” which has shielded a convicted murderer. Justice Jackson says this new inter pretation of constitutional safeguards tends “to disable the States in protection of society from crime.” What was the decision, and how was it reached? Its sig nificant bearing on criminal procedures is discussed in an article by John H. Cline on today’s editorial page (Page 2) of the Editorial Section. Be sure to read it.