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Partly cloudy, warmer tonight. To morrow cloudy, showers in afternoon. Temperatures today—Highest, 74. at 1:30 p.m.: lowest, 53, at 5:28 am. Yes terday—Highest, 70. at 6 p.m.; Jowest, 48. at 4:40 am. Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-13. Guide for Readers Page. After Dark B-7 Amusements B-8 Comtes _B-18-19 Editorials A-6 Editor l Articles, A-7 Finance . .^..A-13 Page. Lost and Found, A-3 j Obituary .A-3 Radio _ B-19 Society. B-3 [Sports .A-ll-H [Woman's Page, B-12 i An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,532. , WASHINGTON, D. CM TUESDAY, MAY 9. 1944—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. *** Washtniton rrUDlTT7 f*WTQ KV* CBtTI and Suburbs JL XlXviliili illx> lij. xtsawhara Yanks Pound 10 Enemy Targets In France, Belgium, Luxembourg; Record Aerial Assault Indicated t 2,000 Planes Take Part in Day Attacks By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 9 —The Amer ican Air Force based in Britain hurled nearly 2.000 planes at Europe today in the 25th day of the nonstop preinvasion air of fensive, smashing at railroads arift airdromes in France, Bel gium and Luxembourg. A great fleet of Flying Fortresses and Liberators and their escorting fighters struck 10 separate targets in the three countries—seven airfields and three railroad yards handling German war freight, setting the pace for a series of widespread blows. Judging from Channel ac tivity, today may be the heaviest day yet in the huge air campaign. It was the 15th straight day of heavy bomber operations and the third time in as many days that 2.000 planes, including all types, had been in operation. RAF in Night Assault. Today's assaults followed strong attacks on enemy targets by the RAF last night and came after yes terday’s big operations in which 4.500 American planes bombarded Berlin, Brunswick. Channel coast targets and rail centers and de stroyed 119 German fighter planes. American Air Forces last 36 bomb ers and 13 fighters in a great sky battle over Brunswick. Marauder medium bombers of the United States 9th Air Force, which, like the Fortresses and Liberators, flew two missions yesterday, joined with A-20 light bombers in today’s forenoon assault on military objec tives and railroads in Northern France and Belgium. Railroad yards hit by the heavy bombers today were at Liege, Bel gium, near the German border; Thiomville, France, north of Metz, and in the city of Luxembourg. Other Targets Attacked. An airfield at Thiomville also was attacked along with others at St. Dizier, west of Nancy; Laon-Couv ron and Laon-Athies, northwest of Reims, and Laon, all in France, and at St. Trond, northwest of Liege, and Florennes. near the French border, both in Belgium. In last night's attacks the RAF hit railway targets, airfields and other objectives in France, Belgium and Germany. It was the RAF's third straight nightly assault on multiple targets. The heavy American bombers alone probably scattered at least 2.500 tons of explosives over 10 vital targets today. In today's forays the American “heavies" returned to the preinva sion task of ripping up installations not far behind Hitler’s Atlantic wall after two days of deeper penetra tions. with Berlin itself the principal target. Many returning crewmen said flak and fighter opposition were negligi ble today in contrast to yesterday. The first airmen back from Belgium said they attacked a night fighter field at Florennes and reported hits on hangars, runways and parked planes. Later today, RAF Mitchells and Bostons struck another blow at rail roads in France, blasting the yards at Valenciennes. 31 miles southeast of Lille. Planes Pour Across Channel. Tremendous aerial activity con tinued over southeast coastal dis tricts throughout the forenoon, with nearly every type of daylight raider seen in the clear skies over the Channel. Between 8 a.m. and noon explo sions on the French mainland shook buildings in the Folkestone area. British coastal residents said both bombs and guns created the din. Many formations were seen re turning, while others still were going over in a veritable nonstop shuttle service. Despite a bright moon, a force of probably 750 British Lancasters and Halifaxes dumped probably 2,800 tons of explosives on last night’s targets with a lass of 10 bombers. Returning flyers said most of the German fighter opposition encoun tered was at Haine St. Pierre. Bel gium, where one Halifax of a Cana dian bomber group was attacked three times by FW-190's. Rail yards were bombed in this area. Base Near Brest Attacked. An airfield and seaplane base near Brest were hammered and coastal installations in France were bombed RAF bombers also ranged into West ern Germany, striking at Osna bruck and an unidentified objective In the Ruhr. Pilots who raided Brest said visi bility was perfect and they could see hangars of the seaplane base clearly enough to drop their bombs without the aid of flares. Hangars and other buildings were hit by many bombs and left in flames. Weather grounded heavy bombers of the Mediterranean air force after 72 hours ‘of round-the-clock blows at Balkan communications Nearly 2,000 Fortresses, Liberators and their fighter escorts participated in yesterday morning's attack on Berlin and Brunswick. In the afternoon about 250 Lib erators and Fortresses hammered rail yards near Brussels and coastal fortifications in the Calais and Cherbourg areas, losing five bombers. Great formatioas of American Marauder mediums. Havoc dive bombers, British Mitchell and Bos ton bombers added their weight to the job of tearing away Hitlers anti-invasion works. Overseas Age Limit Reduced LONDON, May 9 </P).—Britain ha* reduced the age limit of troop? eligible for overseas service to IP years 6 months. The previous limit was 19 years. I Allies Advance in All Sectors Around India's Imphal Plain Japs Attacking in Fort Hertz Valley ■ Of Northern Burma, Mountbatten Reports Ey the Associated Press. SOUTHEAST ASIA HEAD QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, May 9.—Allied troops have advanced in all sectors around the Im phal Plain of Eastern India, Ad miral Lord Loui£ Mountbatten's headquarters announced today, but Japanese forces are attack : ing in the Fort Hertz Valley of Northern Burma, where the Al I lies are driving for the major enemy base of Myitkyina. 1 A communique said Japanese | troops left more than 750 dead in i the Kohima area northeast of Im phal, between May 4 and 6. and that further heavy casualties had been inflicted in sharp fighting since that time. The Japanese attack in the Fort Hertz Valley was reported taking place northwest of Nsopzup, which lies about 35 miles northeast of Myitkyina. Burmese forces fighting for the Allies were last reported about 45 miles north of Myitkyina. The Japanese base also is menaced by Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell's Chinese and American troops in the Mogaung Valley to the west. The communique said tank-sup ported Allied infantry following up heavy bombing by Allied aircraft drove the Japanese from a village 2 miles south of Bishenpur, which lies southwest of Imphal. Allied troops also advanced both northeast and south of Palel. south east of Imphal, capturing hills and villages, the bulletin said, adding that the Japanese suffered heavy losses in unsuccessful attacks on the Palel road. “In all sectors around the Imphal Plain we have obtained local suc cesses,” the communique declared. Communique Erred. Meanwhile, an official statement from Allied headquarters said that a communique issued here yester day had erred in saying the Japa nese were on the offensive in the Manipur hills sector. Declaring that actually the Japa (See BURMA, Page A-4.) Allies Follow Up Nazis' Withdrawal In Central Italy Take Up Positions 9 Miles Beyond Last Announced Front Line | By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May 9.—German forces have withdrawn in the moun | tainous sector of Central Italy \ and Allied troops have followed | to positions approximately 9 j miles beyond their last an | nounced front line, Allied head quarters announced today. It was probable, however, that Al lied troops had been operating far beyond the announced battle line in recent weeks. A headquarters statement did not : make clear how far the enemy had ! pulled back, but it was said that ' the Nazi troops had demolished bridges, houses and a tunnel as they moved. Withdrawal Near Palena. The withdrawal occurred near the hamlet of Letto Palena, about 2 ! miles northeast of the town of Palena. 25 miles inland from the Adriatic on the 8th Army's left flank, and directly south of the Maiella mountain pass. On the 5th Army’s main front, the Germans yesterday increased the | tempo of their shelling south of i Cassino's railway station and sent a patrol across a stream to proble Allied positions near San Appoli naire, 7 miles south of Cassino. American guns shelled motor vehicle movements in the lower Garigliano valley west of Minturno. It is in this sector that the Ger mans are said to have evacuated all civilians for a depth of 20 miles. In the same sector Allied ob:.etva tion posts reported an unexplained explosion near Ausonia. Enemy Howitzers Silenced. Allied artillery on the Anzio beacli ;head silenced an enemy howitzer and the enemy reversed the process by shelling Allied rear areas. After three days of solid day-and night pounding of Balkan targets, 'all heavy and medium bombers were grounded yesterday by poor visibil ity, but fighter-bombers claimed de struction of 32 German vehicles and ! two tank carriers and damage to 39 vehicles in strafing attacks south of Rome. They also sank a launch and barge in the Tiber. Spitfires demolished a German headquarters at Crebic in Yugo slavia and also attacked shipping off the Yugoslav coast and high way traffic in Albania. Two Al lied planes were missing. 87 Frenchmen Reported Massacred by Germans By the Associated Press. BERN. Switzerland. May 8—'The Gazette de Lausanne reported today the recent "Nazi massacre of 81 i Frenchmen at a village near Lille as the result of multiplied sabotage in Northern France.” The killings occured a month ago ■ in reprisal for the derailment of a troop train, killing 20 German sol diers, the dispatch said. Late Bulletins Medical Care Bill Passes The Senate passed and sent to the White House today leg islation appropriating $6,700, 000 for grants to States for medical and hospital care for wives and infants of enlisted men in the armed services. Poll Tax Bill Called Up The Senate agreed by a voice vote today to take up the controversial measure to ban payment of State poll taxes as a prerequisite to vot ing in Federal elections, thus setting the stage for a stream lined filibuster. i (Earlier Story on Page A-3.) P Chinese Counferdrive Pushes Japs Back In Loyang Area Enemy Is Forced to Retreat Across River South of Key City By the AssocUted Press. CHUNGKING, May 9.—Chi nese troops have launched a successful counteroffensive south of the ancient Honan Province city of Loyang, which the Japa nese have been threatening in a drive pointed at the heart of China, and have driven the en emy back across the Yi Yi River, Chinese field dispatches said today. Dispatches from the front yes terday said the Japanese had reached a point only 6 miles south iof Loyang after advancing 3’2 miles in the previous 24 hours. The Yi Yi River is a tributary of the Yellow River and is within about 7 miles of Loyang. The Chinese press also reported i the Japanese had attempted to cross ; the Yellow River from Shansi Prov i >nce about 45 miles northeast of Loyang during the night of May 3. but asserted the enemy had been wiped out. Enemy Reinforced. There was no indication, however, whether this operation represented an attempt to outflank Loyang and cut off the Chinese garrison or whether it was merely a small-scale patrol thrust. Meanwhi’e, other reports from the | front said the Japanese had brought | up strong reinforcements along the Peiping-Hankow Railway about 65 miles east of Loyang and were mak ing a fresh attempt to orive the Chinese from their last foothold on ! that line. At last reports the Chinese-held ] sector of the railway had been nar rowed to about 14 miles. IA Tokyo broadcast recorded by the Associated Press in Lon don quoted a Japanese com munique as saying 80,000 Chinese troops had been encircled in Honan Province j The Chinese-American wing is con ; tinuing air attacks in direct sup port of the Chinese ground opera tions in Honan, a United States 14th Air Force communique said today, and American flyers on Sat urday bombed an airdrome and Japanese installations at Hankow, shooting down several of 30 Japa nese planes which attempted to in tercept. The Chinse announced that tank spearheaded Japanese troops in a fresh westward push in Central Honan were driving in the direc i tion of Iyang, a key point 35 miles I south of Loyang. Vigorous fighting was reported around Tengfeng, 30 i miles southeast of the strategic I Lunghai railway town Court-Martial Ends Trial Of Pvt. Dale Maple I By the Associated Pre.<*. FORT LEAVENWORTH. Kans., May 9—Trial of Pfc. Dale Maple, charged with desertion and assist ing in the escape of two German prisoners of war from Camp Hale, Colo., was concluded yesterday be fore an Army general court-martial. Findings of the court were not an i nounced The trial was recessed 10 days ago. | following a defense motion, to per l mit a specially appointed medical i board to examine into the defend I ant's mental condition, j Brief closing arguments were | made by -counsel for the defense. OPA Renews Appeal For Fats and Oils J By the Associated Press. Despite removal of point values | from all meats except beef steaks and roasts, housewives w'ho save kitchen fats still will be paid in both ired points and cash, the Office of Price Administration said today, emphasizing that the need for fats land ml* continues. _I_ Russians Shell Suicide Squads At Sevastopol Reds Battle Remnants Of 2 Nazi Armies in Full View of City j By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, May 9.—Russian storm troops fought the rem nants of two Axis armies within full view of flaming and smok ing Sevastopol today as their artillery, rolled up wheel to wheel, poured salvo after salvo into enemy suicide squads cling ing to the last German hold in the Crimea. Fortified heights overlooking the port city were stormed yesterday, front-line dispatches said. (The German communique said heavy fighting continued and that 56 Russian planes were destroyed over Sevastopol yes terday.) The battle reached its climactic stage, with fighting under way in the immediate approaches to the city, and an Izvestia dispatch de clared the German force in the Crimea was definitely defeated and pressed back to the Black Sea. Nazis Fight Desperately. The Germans were reported fight ing desperately, clinging to every inch of shore under an incessant artillery barrage, but with the Red Army looking down on Sevastopol's famous panorama, the end of the battle appeared in sight. In the third day of the offensive. Red Star* reported that the Rus sians had broken through steel and concrete fortifications all along the Sevastopol line. The Russians were converging from all land sides along an arc within 5 miles of the city. The line extended through Meken zievy Heights in the northeast, through captured Inkerman in the east to the Black Sea coast south west of Sevastopol. Hills overlooking the Black Sea bristled with big guns, powerful for tifications and barbed-wire entan glements, the army newspaper said, leading the Germans and Roman ians to believe their positions im pregnable. Earlier in the war, the Russians held the city 245 days against German siege. Russians Admit Difficulties. An old coastal defense fort covered the entrance to the bay and behind it, three-storied German defense works were carved in the rocks. The Red Star dispatch acknowl edged that the capture of these posi tions was difficult, but said the Rus sians took the first two ‘hills after a fierce battle and then moved for ward to seize a third hill in the depth of enemy defenses. The Germans were declared suf fering heavy losses under devastat ing air raids, artillery barrages and infantry attacks. On a single hill, I Red Star estimated 500 Germans died. 2,000 Enlisted Men Apply For Transfers to Infantry j Ey the Associated Press. More than 2,000 applications for transfer to the infantry have been i received since the Army's announce ment last month that enlisted men j under 32 in this country could make ! the switch in order to join the doughboys in fighting the enemy at close quarters. A War Department announcement said bids are running at the rate of 200 a day. Transfers are made in grade, with no loss of pay. | <REMEM8ER..NEW YORK HA5TWt)\ I ('GREATSONS. THERPS NOTHING / \PICAYUNISH ABOUT THAT/ T~ T i i M iTTh a TlT i . .. Precedent Reaches Low Level in Courts, Justice Jackson Says Jurist Declares Lawyers No Longer Can Count On Winning Pat Cases By the Associated Press. PHILADELPHIA, May 9.— Overruling of judicial prece dents, Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson reported to day, has brought about a situa tion where attorneys no longer feel assurance that a pat case will bring him expected victory or defeat. The justice pointed to the Supreme Court as furnishing perhaps the most dramatic and publicized ex amples of "relaxation in the au thority of the precedent," but com mented that lawyers knew that It was not alone in following the trend Addresses Law Institute. Addressing the annual meeting of the American Law Institute, he ex pressed the view that “the present low estate of the precedent cannot be dissociated from the enormous multiplication of precedents.” "I need not recite the increase during the past century in numbers of courts of last resort, and of in termediate courts of appeal and of various tribunals for legal special ties," he said. "Nor need I remind you how each has increased the pace of decision and the output of opinions. I should like to keep abreast, indeed I think it is my duty to keep abreast, of legal developments of the country. But frankly I cannot absorb the out put. I am vaguely aware of a great cloud of current decision of im portance that I do- not have time td read, much less digest. And the total accumulation of judicial ut terances is even more formidable. ,-I know that in this great mass of opinions by men of different temperaments and qualifications and viewpoints, writing at different times and under varying local in fluences, some printed judicial vog may be found to support almost any plausible proposition.” Remedies Hard to Devise. Justice Jackson observed that le gal opinions seemed subject to the same natural law that affects cur rency—inflation of volume decreases the value of each unit, and "when so many issues of opinion compete for acceptance they inevitably suffer a discount.” Remedies are hard to devise, he said. "Haste and pressure are too in grained in our modern lives to think courts can be free of them,” he added. "Mass production is so much a premise of American think ing that to question its benefits in any field is thought reactionary.” Huge Show of Foes1 Air Gear Will Mark War Bond Drive Here The largest public display of cap l tured Axis air-combat equipment | ever assembled in this country will ! be shown on the Washington Monu ment grounds from June 11 to July 8. during the Fifth War Loan drive, | it was announced today. Four acres will be set aside for j the exhibit, bounded by Fourteenth I and Fifteenth streets and Madison I and Jefferson drives. Some of the collection is now en | route from overseas. The show will include Messerschmitt 109s, 110s and 210s; parts of Stuka dive bombers, radio equipment, engines, guns, pro pellers, oxvgen bottles, demolition pombs, pilot seats, wind shields, tail i assemblies and some personal effects of enemy air force members. One feature of the display will be a JU-88 German bomber which was turned over to the Allies by a Ger man deserter. The ship, flown to this country under its own power, has proved invaluable to Air Force Intelligence. The display will be under the di rection of Col. William Westlake, director of Armv Air Forces public relations. It will be placarded with detailed information Officials have promised that ihe material will be displayed to permit close-up inspec tion as a "combat record" of the money invested in War Bonds A special evening preview of the show will be sponsored June 10 by air raid messengers. It will be pre ceded bv a parade through down town Washington, terminating at, the parade grounds. Admission to the exhibit will be free and the grounds will be open dally from 10 a m. to 10 p.m. Air WACS will act as guides. In addition to the display, part of the grounds will be set aside for out door entertainment. Daily programs will be held on a stage. The exhibit is under joint auspices of the Army Air Forces. District War Finance Committee of the Treasury Department, Department of the In terior and Welfare and Recreational Association. Lt. Col H. E Roberts, post engi neer. Bolling Field, and John A Reilly, chairman of the District War Finance Committee, officiated today at, ground-breaking ceremonies for the exhibit. Meanwhile. Mr Reillv announced that quotas in the drive for Wash ington corporations employing 100 or more persons have been set at $100 per employe. This marks the first time quotas have been fixed for individual cor porations. Mr. Reilly said, explain ing that such action was in con formity with the national policy es tablished bv the Treasury Depart ment Previous goals were set vol untarily. The chairman also announced that 50 committee chairmen of the War Finance Committee had re ported their groups ready for the campaign, scheduled to begin June 12, after a meeting at the American Security & Trust Co. yesterday. The committee will emphasize in dividual purchases during the drive, he added Individual quotas have been set, at $61,000,000, which is 20 per cent more than for the previous drive. « Roosevelt to Seek Fourth Term And Win, Hannegan Declares State GOP Control At Stake Todayjn West Virginia Ej» the Associated Press. A battle for control of the Re publican party organization in West Virginia, indirectly involv ing some delegate candidates who have announced support of Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York for the presidential nomi nation, added heat to a torrid primary election in that State today. Chief protagonists were Raymond J. Funkhouser. wealthy Charles Town manufacturer, who is one of three candidates for the GOP guber natorial nomination, and Walter S. Hallanan, national committeeman and chairman of the National Con vention Arrangements Committee. Mr. Funkhouser reportedly had <See POLITICS, Page A-4 > President Fit and Ready for Fight, Chairman Declares By GOULD LINCOLN. President Roosevelt will run for a fourth term and be elected, Chairman Robert E. Hannegan of the Democratic National Com mittee predicted at a Thomas Jefferson dinner in New York last night. “Tonight I want to report to the Democrats of New York that it is my firm conviction that the Demo cratic party will win the national election in November and that our standard bearer will be New York’s greatest son—Franklin D. Roose velt,’’ Mr. Hannegan said. Stephen T„ Early, White House secretary, was asked today if the President had read Mr. Hannegan's speech before it was delivered, but said he had not discussed the mat <Sce LINCOLN, Page A-4.) Blast and Fire Wreck Two Storerooms at Geological Survey Cause of Explosion In Photo Quarters Not Yet Determined (Pictures on Page B-l.) An explosion rocked the pho tographic storerooms of the Geological Survey Division in the North Interior Building this morning, razing three inside walls and smashing 30 windows. Although scores of Interior De partment employes were working within 25 yards of the second floor rooms, none was injured. The two ' storerooms were unoccupied at the i time of the blast. Cause Not Determined. Cause of the blast was not im mediately determined, although of ficials said some old chemicals were stored in one of the rooms. The rooms were used chiefly to store old Geological Survey records and these were destroyed by the explo sion and the resultant fire. Firemen from four engine and two i truck companies quickly extin guished the blaze and were forced to raze sections of the w'all not i blown away by the explosion. Re porters and photographers were barred from the scene for nearly an hour because of the danger of crum bling walls. Noise "Like Plates Breaking." Walter H. York, chief photog rapher of the Geological laboratory, said he was in his office across the hall when he heard a noise "like the sound of plates breaking." He looked up in time to see a flash of lights, but he heard no more explo sions. Mr. York and another photog rapher. H. J. Koch, lushed into the j storeroom with a fire extinguisher and kept the blaze under control until firemen arrived. Activity in the inner wing of the building where the explosion oc curred was virtually suspended for an hour as curious employes left their desks to view the scene. Izvestia Hails Czech Pact As Proof of Soviet Policy By the Associated Press. MOSCOW. May 9.—The Soviet Czeeh agreement for administration of liberated Czechoslovak territory was hailed by the newspaper Izvestia today as new proof of Russian policy in the small states of Europe. Izvestia’s leading editorial said the pact, signed in London yesterday, "arose from the great iiberative mission of the Red Army” to beat "the German beast in his own den.” "This task.” the editorial said, "can 1 be fulfilled only by the common efforts of the Allied nations.” Izvestia said the Soviet govern ment accepted the Czech terms fully, and signed the pact only after re ceiving Brtish agreement. The agreement vests in the Soviet commander supreme authority in' matters relating to conduct of the war but provides a Czech delegate shall administer civilian affairs in j the Czech area cleared of the enemy, i May and June Quotas Are Due to Be Filled With Younger Men l-A's May Be Divided Into Those 'Likely' and 'Unlikely' to Be Inducted District Selective Service an nounced today that the inven tory of men under 26 here indi cated the supply is large enough to fill at least May and June calls for the armed forces with younger men. The District reported that a sur vey of draft boards showed 5,000 men under 26 registered here and placed in 1-A as of May 1. Of that group. 1,800 already have taken their preinduction physical examinations and have been found physically fit. In addition, approximately 300 Washington youths become 18 years old each month and can be added to the District's draft pool. Size of Calls Not Revealed. A District draft spokesman pointed out that some of the 5,000 men will be lost to the draft as physically unfit, a few will be rec ommended for occupational defer ment. while some others will have their induction delayed by appeals The spokesman declined to reveal the sizes of present draft calls on the district, but said the May and June caljs were about the same size as the April calls. Since April 10. the District has been filling its calls exclusively with men under 26 and older volunteers and delinquents. Meanwhile. Selective Service Di rector Hershey's concern over the 2,250.000 men in 1-A was interpreted in informed quarters as an indica tion. that the new draft policy, ex pected later this week, will set up a system of dividing men in the 1-A group into two classes—those who can expect a call to the armed forces in the next few months and those who are reasonably safe from a call for a longer period. Three-Dav Meeting Opens. Opening a tnree-day meeting of State draft directors yesterday. Gen. Hershey commented: "One of the questions selective service must decide is whether it is wise to keep so many men alerted— if one can use a military term—in view of the size of present calls.” This recognition of 'T-A jitters” is expected to take the form of a new policy giving 1-A men a definite idea of when or whether they will be called. The State directors also are dis cussing the supply of men under 26 available to fill draft calls, the size of present and future calls, the draft situation as it applies to men over 25 and the standards of occupational deferment. Unofficial Estimates. Unofficial estimates put the May call for the armed forces at be tween 150,000 and 175,000 men, as compared to about 200,000 in April. The June call was expected to be reduced to perhaps 125.000 men In his discussion of manpower needs and the supply of available men, Gen. Hershey told the confer ence approximately 2,250,000 men of all ages are now in 1-A Of these, about 600,000 are under 26. The selective service director said last week that the supply of younger men probably would meet the re quirements of the service until fall. Testimony Ends InLaughlinCase; Burns Sums Up Eicher Is Excused as Witness After Being Summoned to Court By CARTER BROOKE JONES. Testimony in the contempt proceeding against James J, Laughlin. a defense attorney at the mass sedition trial, was closed today before Justice Jen nings Bailey in District Court after the accused lawyer, de fending his attempts to disqual ify the presiding judge in the sedition case, charged Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher with showing constant bias against the defense and being "com pletely under sway” of the pros ecution. The contempt case was to be sub mitted to the court this afternoon. The sedition trial, already delayed eight days by the contempt case, was called and put over another 24 hours today. Justice Eicher reset it for 10 a.m. tomorrow. Burns Sums Up Case. Special Prosecutor Joseph W. Burns, who represented Justice Eicher at hearing of the contempt citation which the Chief Justice signed on motion of the Govern ment. summed up the case. He had not completed his argument when the noonday recess was taken. Mr. Bums told Justice Bailey that Mr. Laughlin had not shown the slightest justification for his charges against the Chief Justice. The pros ecutor added: "To charge a justice of this court with wilfully wanting to convict a defendant in a criminal case and with accepting a bribe in the form of a promise of promotion is. of it self, without explanation or proper evidence, contempt of court." When Mr. Burns asked Mr. Laugh lin if he had not prepared motions to summon as defense witnesses Harry L. Hopkins, presidential ad viser, and David Niles, administra tive assistant to the President, only for newspaper publicity, the wit ness denied this. “Then why didn't you file the motions?” the prosecutor demanded. Wanted to Check Files. Mr. Laughlin explained that he i wanted to check further. "One of my colleagues," he added, "had advised me that Judge Eicher had participated in the attempted purge of Senator Gillette in Iowa in 1938, wdth Mr. Hopkins and Mr. Niles, and I wanted to check the files at the Congressional Library, but I hadn’t had time.” (Justice Eicher is a former Representative from Iowa.* At the close of Mr. Laughlin’s tes timony, Mr. Burns offered to call Justice Eicher, explaining that he did not known whether the Laugh lin charges should be dignified by denial, but perhaps "in the public interest,” the chief justice should be given the opportunity. At first Justice Bailey consented, and Justice Eicher was summoned, entering the court room in a busi ness suit without his judicial robes. Charges Held Not at Issue. After considering the matter. Jus tice Bailey held that the charges in the affidavit were "not at issue,” and he did not think the Chief Justice’s testimony was necessary. "I thought that in the public in terest," Mr. Burns began. Justice Bailey said he was not i See SEDITION, Page A-ill Garner, Aged Defendant, Died of Natural Causes The death here last Thursday of Elmer J. Garner, 80, of Wichita, Kans., 1 of 30 alleged seditionists now being tried in District Court, was today declared to have been due to natural causes by Dr. A. Magruder MacDonald, District cor oner. The elderly defendant was found dead in bed in a rooming house in the 200 block of First street S.E. An autopsy was performed last week, but announcement of the findings was withheld pending the results of a chemical analysis of internal or gans and stomach contents, Dr. MacDonald explained. 3 U. S.-Jap Sisters Accused of Treason Charged With Aiding 2 Nazi Prisoners in Escape By the Associated Press. Attorney General Biddle said to day an indictment charging three American-born sisters of Japanese ancestry with treason in aiding two German soldiers to escape from a prisoner of war camp at Trinidad, Colo., last October 16. was returned by a Federal grand jury at Denver. Named as defendants, Mr. Biddle ; reported, are Tsuruko Wallace, Flor ence Shivze Otani and Billie Shitara Tanigoshi. former residents of Cal ifornia who were sent after Pearl Harbor to a relocation camp at Granada, Colo. Mr. Biddle said the indictment, containing two counts, charged that the three women aided Heinrich Haider and Herman August Loesch er to escape by furnishing them with food, clothing, money and highway maps and by transporting them to Wagon Mound, N. Mex. The prisoners later were recap tured in New Mexico. The Justice Department reported that the women met Haider on a farm near Trinidad, where they were permitted to work, in April, 1943. The first count of the indictment, charging treason, carries a maxi mum penalty of death and a mini mum penalty of a $10,000 fine or five years’ imprisonment. The second, charging conspiracy to commit treason, carries a maxi mum penalty of $10,000 fine and two years’ imprisonment.