Partly cloudy, warmer tonight. To
morrow cloudy, showers in afternoon.
Temperatures today—Highest, 74. at
1:30 p.m.: lowest, 53, at 5:28 am. Yes
terday—Highest, 70. at 6 p.m.; Jowest,
48. at 4:40 am.
Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-13.
Guide for Readers
After Dark B-7
Editor l Articles, A-7
Finance . .^..A-13
Lost and Found, A-3 j
Radio _ B-19
[Woman's Page, B-12
An Associated Press Newspaper
92d YEAR. No. 36,532.
, WASHINGTON, D. CM TUESDAY, MAY 9. 1944—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. ***
Washtniton rrUDlTT7 f*WTQ KV* CBtTI
and Suburbs JL XlXviliili illx> lij. xtsawhara
Yanks Pound 10 Enemy Targets
In France, Belgium, Luxembourg;
Record Aerial Assault Indicated
Take Part in
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 9 —The Amer
ican Air Force based in Britain
hurled nearly 2.000 planes at
Europe today in the 25th day of
the nonstop preinvasion air of
fensive, smashing at railroads
arift airdromes in France, Bel
gium and Luxembourg.
A great fleet of Flying Fortresses
and Liberators and their escorting
fighters struck 10 separate targets in
the three countries—seven airfields
and three railroad yards handling
German war freight, setting the
pace for a series of widespread
blows. Judging from Channel ac
tivity, today may be the heaviest
day yet in the huge air campaign.
It was the 15th straight day of
heavy bomber operations and the
third time in as many days that
2.000 planes, including all types, had
been in operation.
RAF in Night Assault.
Today's assaults followed strong
attacks on enemy targets by the
RAF last night and came after yes
terday’s big operations in which
4.500 American planes bombarded
Berlin, Brunswick. Channel coast
targets and rail centers and de
stroyed 119 German fighter planes.
American Air Forces last 36 bomb
ers and 13 fighters in a great sky
battle over Brunswick.
Marauder medium bombers of the
United States 9th Air Force, which,
like the Fortresses and Liberators,
flew two missions yesterday, joined
with A-20 light bombers in today’s
forenoon assault on military objec
tives and railroads in Northern
France and Belgium.
Railroad yards hit by the heavy
bombers today were at Liege, Bel
gium, near the German border;
Thiomville, France, north of Metz,
and in the city of Luxembourg.
Other Targets Attacked.
An airfield at Thiomville also was
attacked along with others at St.
Dizier, west of Nancy; Laon-Couv
ron and Laon-Athies, northwest of
Reims, and Laon, all in France, and
at St. Trond, northwest of Liege,
and Florennes. near the French
border, both in Belgium.
In last night's attacks the RAF
hit railway targets, airfields and
other objectives in France, Belgium
and Germany. It was the RAF's
third straight nightly assault on
The heavy American bombers
alone probably scattered at least
2.500 tons of explosives over 10 vital
In today's forays the American
“heavies" returned to the preinva
sion task of ripping up installations
not far behind Hitler’s Atlantic wall
after two days of deeper penetra
tions. with Berlin itself the principal
Many returning crewmen said flak
and fighter opposition were negligi
ble today in contrast to yesterday.
The first airmen back from Belgium
said they attacked a night fighter
field at Florennes and reported hits
on hangars, runways and parked
Later today, RAF Mitchells and
Bostons struck another blow at rail
roads in France, blasting the yards
at Valenciennes. 31 miles southeast
Planes Pour Across Channel.
Tremendous aerial activity con
tinued over southeast coastal dis
tricts throughout the forenoon, with
nearly every type of daylight raider
seen in the clear skies over the
Between 8 a.m. and noon explo
sions on the French mainland shook
buildings in the Folkestone area.
British coastal residents said both
bombs and guns created the din.
Many formations were seen re
turning, while others still were going
over in a veritable nonstop shuttle
Despite a bright moon, a force of
probably 750 British Lancasters and
Halifaxes dumped probably 2,800
tons of explosives on last night’s
targets with a lass of 10 bombers.
Returning flyers said most of the
German fighter opposition encoun
tered was at Haine St. Pierre. Bel
gium, where one Halifax of a Cana
dian bomber group was attacked
three times by FW-190's. Rail yards
were bombed in this area.
Base Near Brest Attacked.
An airfield and seaplane base near
Brest were hammered and coastal
installations in France were bombed
RAF bombers also ranged into West
ern Germany, striking at Osna
bruck and an unidentified objective
In the Ruhr.
Pilots who raided Brest said visi
bility was perfect and they could see
hangars of the seaplane base clearly
enough to drop their bombs without
the aid of flares. Hangars and other
buildings were hit by many bombs
and left in flames.
Weather grounded heavy bombers
of the Mediterranean air force after
72 hours ‘of round-the-clock blows
at Balkan communications
Nearly 2,000 Fortresses, Liberators
and their fighter escorts participated
in yesterday morning's attack on
Berlin and Brunswick.
In the afternoon about 250 Lib
erators and Fortresses hammered
rail yards near Brussels and coastal
fortifications in the Calais and
Cherbourg areas, losing five
Great formatioas of American
Marauder mediums. Havoc dive
bombers, British Mitchell and Bos
ton bombers added their weight to
the job of tearing away Hitlers
Overseas Age Limit Reduced
LONDON, May 9 </P).—Britain ha*
reduced the age limit of troop?
eligible for overseas service to IP
years 6 months. The previous limit
was 19 years.
Allies Advance in All Sectors
Around India's Imphal Plain
Japs Attacking in Fort Hertz Valley
■ Of Northern Burma, Mountbatten Reports
Ey the Associated Press.
SOUTHEAST ASIA HEAD
QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, May
9.—Allied troops have advanced
in all sectors around the Im
phal Plain of Eastern India, Ad
miral Lord Loui£ Mountbatten's
headquarters announced today,
but Japanese forces are attack
: ing in the Fort Hertz Valley of
Northern Burma, where the Al
I lies are driving for the major
enemy base of Myitkyina.
1 A communique said Japanese
| troops left more than 750 dead in
i the Kohima area northeast of Im
phal, between May 4 and 6. and
that further heavy casualties had
been inflicted in sharp fighting since
The Japanese attack in the Fort
Hertz Valley was reported taking
place northwest of Nsopzup, which
lies about 35 miles northeast of
Myitkyina. Burmese forces fighting
for the Allies were last reported
about 45 miles north of Myitkyina.
The Japanese base also is menaced
by Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell's
Chinese and American troops in the
Mogaung Valley to the west.
The communique said tank-sup
ported Allied infantry following up
heavy bombing by Allied aircraft
drove the Japanese from a village
2 miles south of Bishenpur, which
lies southwest of Imphal.
Allied troops also advanced both
northeast and south of Palel. south
east of Imphal, capturing hills and
villages, the bulletin said, adding
that the Japanese suffered heavy
losses in unsuccessful attacks on the
“In all sectors around the Imphal
Plain we have obtained local suc
cesses,” the communique declared.
Meanwhile, an official statement
from Allied headquarters said that
a communique issued here yester
day had erred in saying the Japa
nese were on the offensive in the
Manipur hills sector.
Declaring that actually the Japa
(See BURMA, Page A-4.)
Allies Follow Up
In Central Italy
Take Up Positions
9 Miles Beyond Last
Announced Front Line
| By the Associated Press.
Naples, May 9.—German forces
have withdrawn in the moun
| tainous sector of Central Italy
\ and Allied troops have followed
| to positions approximately 9
j miles beyond their last an
| nounced front line, Allied head
quarters announced today.
It was probable, however, that Al
lied troops had been operating far
beyond the announced battle line in
A headquarters statement did not
: make clear how far the enemy had
! pulled back, but it was said that
' the Nazi troops had demolished
bridges, houses and a tunnel as they
Withdrawal Near Palena.
The withdrawal occurred near the
hamlet of Letto Palena, about 2
! miles northeast of the town of
Palena. 25 miles inland from the
Adriatic on the 8th Army's left flank,
and directly south of the Maiella
On the 5th Army’s main front, the
Germans yesterday increased the
| tempo of their shelling south of
i Cassino's railway station and sent
a patrol across a stream to proble
Allied positions near San Appoli
naire, 7 miles south of Cassino.
American guns shelled motor
vehicle movements in the lower
Garigliano valley west of Minturno.
It is in this sector that the Ger
mans are said to have evacuated
all civilians for a depth of 20 miles.
In the same sector Allied ob:.etva
tion posts reported an unexplained
explosion near Ausonia.
Enemy Howitzers Silenced.
Allied artillery on the Anzio beacli
;head silenced an enemy howitzer
and the enemy reversed the process
by shelling Allied rear areas.
After three days of solid day-and
night pounding of Balkan targets,
'all heavy and medium bombers were
grounded yesterday by poor visibil
ity, but fighter-bombers claimed de
struction of 32 German vehicles and
! two tank carriers and damage to
39 vehicles in strafing attacks south
of Rome. They also sank a launch
and barge in the Tiber.
Spitfires demolished a German
headquarters at Crebic in Yugo
slavia and also attacked shipping
off the Yugoslav coast and high
way traffic in Albania. Two Al
lied planes were missing.
87 Frenchmen Reported
Massacred by Germans
By the Associated Press.
BERN. Switzerland. May 8—'The
Gazette de Lausanne reported today
the recent "Nazi massacre of 81
i Frenchmen at a village near Lille
as the result of multiplied sabotage
in Northern France.”
The killings occured a month ago
■ in reprisal for the derailment of a
troop train, killing 20 German sol
diers, the dispatch said.
Medical Care Bill Passes
The Senate passed and sent
to the White House today leg
islation appropriating $6,700,
000 for grants to States for
medical and hospital care for
wives and infants of enlisted
men in the armed services.
Poll Tax Bill Called Up
The Senate agreed by a
voice vote today to take up
the controversial measure to
ban payment of State poll
taxes as a prerequisite to vot
ing in Federal elections, thus
setting the stage for a stream
i (Earlier Story on Page A-3.)
Pushes Japs Back
In Loyang Area
Enemy Is Forced to
Retreat Across River
South of Key City
By the AssocUted Press.
CHUNGKING, May 9.—Chi
nese troops have launched a
successful counteroffensive south
of the ancient Honan Province
city of Loyang, which the Japa
nese have been threatening in a
drive pointed at the heart of
China, and have driven the en
emy back across the Yi Yi River,
Chinese field dispatches said
Dispatches from the front yes
terday said the Japanese had
reached a point only 6 miles south
iof Loyang after advancing 3’2 miles
in the previous 24 hours.
The Yi Yi River is a tributary of
the Yellow River and is within about
7 miles of Loyang.
The Chinese press also reported
i the Japanese had attempted to cross
; the Yellow River from Shansi Prov
i >nce about 45 miles northeast of
Loyang during the night of May 3.
but asserted the enemy had been
There was no indication, however,
whether this operation represented
an attempt to outflank Loyang and
cut off the Chinese garrison or
whether it was merely a small-scale
Meanwhi’e, other reports from the
| front said the Japanese had brought
| up strong reinforcements along the
Peiping-Hankow Railway about 65
miles east of Loyang and were mak
ing a fresh attempt to orive the
Chinese from their last foothold on
! that line.
At last reports the Chinese-held
] sector of the railway had been nar
rowed to about 14 miles.
IA Tokyo broadcast recorded
by the Associated Press in Lon
don quoted a Japanese com
munique as saying 80,000 Chinese
troops had been encircled in
Honan Province j
The Chinese-American wing is con
; tinuing air attacks in direct sup
port of the Chinese ground opera
tions in Honan, a United States
14th Air Force communique said
today, and American flyers on Sat
urday bombed an airdrome and
Japanese installations at Hankow,
shooting down several of 30 Japa
nese planes which attempted to in
The Chinse announced that tank
spearheaded Japanese troops in a
fresh westward push in Central
Honan were driving in the direc
i tion of Iyang, a key point 35 miles
I south of Loyang. Vigorous fighting
was reported around Tengfeng, 30
i miles southeast of the strategic
I Lunghai railway town
Court-Martial Ends Trial
Of Pvt. Dale Maple
I By the Associated Pre.<*.
FORT LEAVENWORTH. Kans.,
May 9—Trial of Pfc. Dale Maple,
charged with desertion and assist
ing in the escape of two German
prisoners of war from Camp Hale,
Colo., was concluded yesterday be
fore an Army general court-martial.
Findings of the court were not an
The trial was recessed 10 days ago.
| following a defense motion, to per
l mit a specially appointed medical
i board to examine into the defend
I ant's mental condition,
j Brief closing arguments were
| made by -counsel for the defense.
OPA Renews Appeal
For Fats and Oils
J By the Associated Press.
Despite removal of point values
| from all meats except beef steaks
and roasts, housewives w'ho save
kitchen fats still will be paid in both
ired points and cash, the Office of
Price Administration said today,
emphasizing that the need for fats
land ml* continues.
Reds Battle Remnants
Of 2 Nazi Armies in
Full View of City
j By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, May 9.—Russian
storm troops fought the rem
nants of two Axis armies within
full view of flaming and smok
ing Sevastopol today as their
artillery, rolled up wheel to
wheel, poured salvo after salvo
into enemy suicide squads cling
ing to the last German hold in
Fortified heights overlooking the
port city were stormed yesterday,
front-line dispatches said.
(The German communique
said heavy fighting continued
and that 56 Russian planes were
destroyed over Sevastopol yes
The battle reached its climactic
stage, with fighting under way in
the immediate approaches to the
city, and an Izvestia dispatch de
clared the German force in the
Crimea was definitely defeated and
pressed back to the Black Sea.
Nazis Fight Desperately.
The Germans were reported fight
ing desperately, clinging to every
inch of shore under an incessant
artillery barrage, but with the Red
Army looking down on Sevastopol's
famous panorama, the end of the
battle appeared in sight.
In the third day of the offensive.
Red Star* reported that the Rus
sians had broken through steel and
concrete fortifications all along the
Sevastopol line. The Russians were
converging from all land sides along
an arc within 5 miles of the city.
The line extended through Meken
zievy Heights in the northeast,
through captured Inkerman in the
east to the Black Sea coast south
west of Sevastopol.
Hills overlooking the Black Sea
bristled with big guns, powerful for
tifications and barbed-wire entan
glements, the army newspaper said,
leading the Germans and Roman
ians to believe their positions im
pregnable. Earlier in the war, the
Russians held the city 245 days
against German siege.
Russians Admit Difficulties.
An old coastal defense fort covered
the entrance to the bay and behind
it, three-storied German defense
works were carved in the rocks.
The Red Star dispatch acknowl
edged that the capture of these posi
tions was difficult, but said the Rus
sians took the first two ‘hills after
a fierce battle and then moved for
ward to seize a third hill in the
depth of enemy defenses.
The Germans were declared suf
fering heavy losses under devastat
ing air raids, artillery barrages and
infantry attacks. On a single hill,
I Red Star estimated 500 Germans
2,000 Enlisted Men Apply
For Transfers to Infantry
j Ey the Associated Press.
More than 2,000 applications for
transfer to the infantry have been
i received since the Army's announce
ment last month that enlisted men
j under 32 in this country could make
! the switch in order to join the
doughboys in fighting the enemy at
A War Department announcement
said bids are running at the rate of
200 a day. Transfers are made in
grade, with no loss of pay.
| <REMEM8ER..NEW YORK HA5TWt)\
I ('GREATSONS. THERPS NOTHING /
\PICAYUNISH ABOUT THAT/
T~ T i i M iTTh a TlT i
Low Level in Courts,
Justice Jackson Says
Jurist Declares Lawyers
No Longer Can Count
On Winning Pat Cases
By the Associated Press.
PHILADELPHIA, May 9.—
Overruling of judicial prece
dents, Supreme Court Justice
Robert H. Jackson reported to
day, has brought about a situa
tion where attorneys no longer
feel assurance that a pat case
will bring him expected victory
The justice pointed to the Supreme
Court as furnishing perhaps the
most dramatic and publicized ex
amples of "relaxation in the au
thority of the precedent," but com
mented that lawyers knew that It
was not alone in following the trend
Addresses Law Institute.
Addressing the annual meeting of
the American Law Institute, he ex
pressed the view that “the present
low estate of the precedent cannot
be dissociated from the enormous
multiplication of precedents.”
"I need not recite the increase
during the past century in numbers
of courts of last resort, and of in
termediate courts of appeal and of
various tribunals for legal special
ties," he said.
"Nor need I remind you how each
has increased the pace of decision
and the output of opinions. I should
like to keep abreast, indeed I think
it is my duty to keep abreast, of
legal developments of the country.
But frankly I cannot absorb the out
put. I am vaguely aware of a great
cloud of current decision of im
portance that I do- not have time td
read, much less digest. And the
total accumulation of judicial ut
terances is even more formidable.
,-I know that in this great mass
of opinions by men of different
temperaments and qualifications
and viewpoints, writing at different
times and under varying local in
fluences, some printed judicial vog
may be found to support almost
any plausible proposition.”
Remedies Hard to Devise.
Justice Jackson observed that le
gal opinions seemed subject to the
same natural law that affects cur
rency—inflation of volume decreases
the value of each unit, and "when
so many issues of opinion compete
for acceptance they inevitably suffer
Remedies are hard to devise, he
"Haste and pressure are too in
grained in our modern lives to
think courts can be free of them,”
he added. "Mass production is so
much a premise of American think
ing that to question its benefits in
any field is thought reactionary.”
Huge Show of Foes1 Air Gear
Will Mark War Bond Drive Here
The largest public display of cap
l tured Axis air-combat equipment
| ever assembled in this country will
! be shown on the Washington Monu
ment grounds from June 11 to July
8. during the Fifth War Loan drive,
| it was announced today.
Four acres will be set aside for
j the exhibit, bounded by Fourteenth
I and Fifteenth streets and Madison
I and Jefferson drives.
Some of the collection is now en
| route from overseas. The show will
include Messerschmitt 109s, 110s and
210s; parts of Stuka dive bombers,
radio equipment, engines, guns, pro
pellers, oxvgen bottles, demolition
pombs, pilot seats, wind shields, tail
i assemblies and some personal effects
of enemy air force members.
One feature of the display will be
a JU-88 German bomber which was
turned over to the Allies by a Ger
man deserter. The ship, flown to
this country under its own power,
has proved invaluable to Air Force
The display will be under the di
rection of Col. William Westlake,
director of Armv Air Forces public
relations. It will be placarded with
detailed information Officials have
promised that ihe material will be
displayed to permit close-up inspec
tion as a "combat record" of the
money invested in War Bonds
A special evening preview of the
show will be sponsored June 10 by
air raid messengers. It will be pre
ceded bv a parade through down
town Washington, terminating at,
the parade grounds. Admission to
the exhibit will be free and the
grounds will be open dally from 10
a m. to 10 p.m. Air WACS will act
In addition to the display, part of
the grounds will be set aside for out
door entertainment. Daily programs
will be held on a stage.
The exhibit is under joint auspices
of the Army Air Forces. District War
Finance Committee of the Treasury
Department, Department of the In
terior and Welfare and Recreational
Lt. Col H. E Roberts, post engi
neer. Bolling Field, and John A
Reilly, chairman of the District War
Finance Committee, officiated today
at, ground-breaking ceremonies for
Meanwhile. Mr Reillv announced
that quotas in the drive for Wash
ington corporations employing 100
or more persons have been set at
$100 per employe.
This marks the first time quotas
have been fixed for individual cor
porations. Mr. Reilly said, explain
ing that such action was in con
formity with the national policy es
tablished bv the Treasury Depart
ment Previous goals were set vol
The chairman also announced
that 50 committee chairmen of the
War Finance Committee had re
ported their groups ready for the
campaign, scheduled to begin June
12, after a meeting at the American
Security & Trust Co. yesterday.
The committee will emphasize in
dividual purchases during the drive,
he added Individual quotas have
been set, at $61,000,000, which is 20
per cent more than for the previous
Roosevelt to Seek Fourth Term
And Win, Hannegan Declares
State GOP Control
At Stake Todayjn
Ej» the Associated Press.
A battle for control of the Re
publican party organization in
West Virginia, indirectly involv
ing some delegate candidates
who have announced support of
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New
York for the presidential nomi
nation, added heat to a torrid
primary election in that State
Chief protagonists were Raymond
J. Funkhouser. wealthy Charles
Town manufacturer, who is one of
three candidates for the GOP guber
natorial nomination, and Walter S.
Hallanan, national committeeman
and chairman of the National Con
vention Arrangements Committee.
Mr. Funkhouser reportedly had
<See POLITICS, Page A-4 >
President Fit and
Ready for Fight,
By GOULD LINCOLN.
President Roosevelt will run
for a fourth term and be elected,
Chairman Robert E. Hannegan
of the Democratic National Com
mittee predicted at a Thomas
Jefferson dinner in New York
“Tonight I want to report to the
Democrats of New York that it is
my firm conviction that the Demo
cratic party will win the national
election in November and that our
standard bearer will be New York’s
greatest son—Franklin D. Roose
velt,’’ Mr. Hannegan said.
Stephen T„ Early, White House
secretary, was asked today if the
President had read Mr. Hannegan's
speech before it was delivered, but
said he had not discussed the mat
<Sce LINCOLN, Page A-4.)
Blast and Fire Wreck
Two Storerooms at
Cause of Explosion
In Photo Quarters
Not Yet Determined
(Pictures on Page B-l.)
An explosion rocked the pho
tographic storerooms of the
Geological Survey Division in
the North Interior Building this
morning, razing three inside
walls and smashing 30 windows.
Although scores of Interior De
partment employes were working
within 25 yards of the second floor
rooms, none was injured. The two
' storerooms were unoccupied at the
i time of the blast.
Cause Not Determined.
Cause of the blast was not im
mediately determined, although of
ficials said some old chemicals
were stored in one of the rooms.
The rooms were used chiefly to store
old Geological Survey records and
these were destroyed by the explo
sion and the resultant fire.
Firemen from four engine and two
i truck companies quickly extin
guished the blaze and were forced
to raze sections of the w'all not
i blown away by the explosion. Re
porters and photographers were
barred from the scene for nearly an
hour because of the danger of crum
Noise "Like Plates Breaking."
Walter H. York, chief photog
rapher of the Geological laboratory,
said he was in his office across the
hall when he heard a noise "like
the sound of plates breaking." He
looked up in time to see a flash of
lights, but he heard no more explo
Mr. York and another photog
rapher. H. J. Koch, lushed into the
j storeroom with a fire extinguisher
and kept the blaze under control
until firemen arrived.
Activity in the inner wing of the
building where the explosion oc
curred was virtually suspended for
an hour as curious employes left
their desks to view the scene.
Izvestia Hails Czech Pact
As Proof of Soviet Policy
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW. May 9.—The Soviet
Czeeh agreement for administration
of liberated Czechoslovak territory
was hailed by the newspaper Izvestia
today as new proof of Russian policy
in the small states of Europe.
Izvestia’s leading editorial said the
pact, signed in London yesterday,
"arose from the great iiberative
mission of the Red Army” to beat
"the German beast in his own den.”
"This task.” the editorial said, "can 1
be fulfilled only by the common
efforts of the Allied nations.”
Izvestia said the Soviet govern
ment accepted the Czech terms fully,
and signed the pact only after re
ceiving Brtish agreement.
The agreement vests in the Soviet
commander supreme authority in'
matters relating to conduct of the
war but provides a Czech delegate
shall administer civilian affairs in j
the Czech area cleared of the enemy, i
May and June Quotas
Are Due to Be Filled
With Younger Men
l-A's May Be Divided
Into Those 'Likely' and
'Unlikely' to Be Inducted
District Selective Service an
nounced today that the inven
tory of men under 26 here indi
cated the supply is large enough
to fill at least May and June
calls for the armed forces with
The District reported that a sur
vey of draft boards showed 5,000
men under 26 registered here and
placed in 1-A as of May 1. Of that
group. 1,800 already have taken their
preinduction physical examinations
and have been found physically fit.
In addition, approximately 300
Washington youths become 18 years
old each month and can be added
to the District's draft pool.
Size of Calls Not Revealed.
A District draft spokesman
pointed out that some of the 5,000
men will be lost to the draft as
physically unfit, a few will be rec
ommended for occupational defer
ment. while some others will have
their induction delayed by appeals
The spokesman declined to reveal
the sizes of present draft calls on
the district, but said the May and
June caljs were about the same size
as the April calls.
Since April 10. the District has
been filling its calls exclusively with
men under 26 and older volunteers
Meanwhile. Selective Service Di
rector Hershey's concern over the
2,250.000 men in 1-A was interpreted
in informed quarters as an indica
tion. that the new draft policy, ex
pected later this week, will set up a
system of dividing men in the 1-A
group into two classes—those who
can expect a call to the armed forces
in the next few months and those
who are reasonably safe from a call
for a longer period.
Three-Dav Meeting Opens.
Opening a tnree-day meeting of
State draft directors yesterday. Gen.
"One of the questions selective
service must decide is whether it is
wise to keep so many men alerted—
if one can use a military term—in
view of the size of present calls.”
This recognition of 'T-A jitters”
is expected to take the form of a
new policy giving 1-A men a definite
idea of when or whether they will
The State directors also are dis
cussing the supply of men under 26
available to fill draft calls, the size
of present and future calls, the draft
situation as it applies to men over
25 and the standards of occupational
Unofficial estimates put the May
call for the armed forces at be
tween 150,000 and 175,000 men, as
compared to about 200,000 in April.
The June call was expected to be
reduced to perhaps 125.000 men
In his discussion of manpower
needs and the supply of available
men, Gen. Hershey told the confer
ence approximately 2,250,000 men of
all ages are now in 1-A Of these,
about 600,000 are under 26.
The selective service director said
last week that the supply of younger
men probably would meet the re
quirements of the service until fall.
Burns Sums Up
Eicher Is Excused as
Witness After Being
Summoned to Court
By CARTER BROOKE JONES.
Testimony in the contempt
proceeding against James J,
Laughlin. a defense attorney at
the mass sedition trial, was
closed today before Justice Jen
nings Bailey in District Court
after the accused lawyer, de
fending his attempts to disqual
ify the presiding judge in the
sedition case, charged Chief
Justice Edward C. Eicher with
showing constant bias against
the defense and being "com
pletely under sway” of the pros
The contempt case was to be sub
mitted to the court this afternoon.
The sedition trial, already delayed
eight days by the contempt case, was
called and put over another 24 hours
today. Justice Eicher reset it for
10 a.m. tomorrow.
Burns Sums Up Case.
Special Prosecutor Joseph W.
Burns, who represented Justice
Eicher at hearing of the contempt
citation which the Chief Justice
signed on motion of the Govern
ment. summed up the case. He had
not completed his argument when
the noonday recess was taken.
Mr. Bums told Justice Bailey that
Mr. Laughlin had not shown the
slightest justification for his charges
against the Chief Justice. The pros
"To charge a justice of this court
with wilfully wanting to convict a
defendant in a criminal case and
with accepting a bribe in the form
of a promise of promotion is. of it
self, without explanation or proper
evidence, contempt of court."
When Mr. Burns asked Mr. Laugh
lin if he had not prepared motions
to summon as defense witnesses
Harry L. Hopkins, presidential ad
viser, and David Niles, administra
tive assistant to the President, only
for newspaper publicity, the wit
ness denied this.
“Then why didn't you file the
motions?” the prosecutor demanded.
Wanted to Check Files.
Mr. Laughlin explained that he
i wanted to check further.
"One of my colleagues," he added,
"had advised me that Judge Eicher
had participated in the attempted
purge of Senator Gillette in Iowa in
1938, wdth Mr. Hopkins and Mr.
Niles, and I wanted to check the
files at the Congressional Library,
but I hadn’t had time.” (Justice
Eicher is a former Representative
At the close of Mr. Laughlin’s tes
timony, Mr. Burns offered to call
Justice Eicher, explaining that he
did not known whether the Laugh
lin charges should be dignified by
denial, but perhaps "in the public
interest,” the chief justice should be
given the opportunity.
At first Justice Bailey consented,
and Justice Eicher was summoned,
entering the court room in a busi
ness suit without his judicial robes.
Charges Held Not at Issue.
After considering the matter. Jus
tice Bailey held that the charges in
the affidavit were "not at issue,” and
he did not think the Chief Justice’s
testimony was necessary.
"I thought that in the public in
terest," Mr. Burns began.
Justice Bailey said he was not
i See SEDITION, Page A-ill
Garner, Aged Defendant,
Died of Natural Causes
The death here last Thursday of
Elmer J. Garner, 80, of Wichita,
Kans., 1 of 30 alleged seditionists
now being tried in District Court,
was today declared to have been
due to natural causes by Dr. A.
Magruder MacDonald, District cor
The elderly defendant was found
dead in bed in a rooming house in
the 200 block of First street S.E.
An autopsy was performed last week,
but announcement of the findings
was withheld pending the results of
a chemical analysis of internal or
gans and stomach contents, Dr.
3 U. S.-Jap Sisters
Accused of Treason
Charged With Aiding 2
Nazi Prisoners in Escape
By the Associated Press.
Attorney General Biddle said to
day an indictment charging three
American-born sisters of Japanese
ancestry with treason in aiding two
German soldiers to escape from a
prisoner of war camp at Trinidad,
Colo., last October 16. was returned
by a Federal grand jury at Denver.
Named as defendants, Mr. Biddle
; reported, are Tsuruko Wallace, Flor
ence Shivze Otani and Billie Shitara
Tanigoshi. former residents of Cal
ifornia who were sent after Pearl
Harbor to a relocation camp at
Mr. Biddle said the indictment,
containing two counts, charged that
the three women aided Heinrich
Haider and Herman August Loesch
er to escape by furnishing them with
food, clothing, money and highway
maps and by transporting them to
Wagon Mound, N. Mex.
The prisoners later were recap
tured in New Mexico.
The Justice Department reported
that the women met Haider on a
farm near Trinidad, where they
were permitted to work, in April,
The first count of the indictment,
charging treason, carries a maxi
mum penalty of death and a mini
mum penalty of a $10,000 fine or
five years’ imprisonment.
The second, charging conspiracy
to commit treason, carries a maxi
mum penalty of $10,000 fine and two
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